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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778696/renal-pre-competitive-consortium-rpc-2-discovering-therapeutic-targets-together
#1
Mark Tomilo, Heather Ascani, Barbara Mirel, Maria Chiara Magnone, Carol Moreno Quinn, Anil Karihaloo, Kevin Duffin, Uptal D Patel, Matthias Kretzler
Despite significant effort, patients with kidney disease have not seen their outcomes improved significantly over the past two decades. This has motivated clinicians and researchers to consider alternative methods to identifying risk factors, disease progression markers, and effective therapies. Genome-scale data sets from patients with renal disease can be used to establish a platform to improve understanding of the molecular basis of disease; however, such studies require expertise and resources. To overcome these challenges, we formed an academic-industry consortium to share molecular target identification efforts and expertise across academia and the pharmaceutical industry...
May 17, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778089/implications-for-faculty-development-for-emerging-clinical-teachers-at-distributed-sites-a-qualitative-interpretivist-study
#2
Julia Blitz, Marietjie De Villiers, Susan Van Schalkwyk
INTRODUCTION: Medical faculties have the responsibility to graduate competent health professionals and a consequent obligation to assure the quality and effectiveness of their students' clinical teaching. Many institutions are responding to rural workforce needs by extending clinical training from the traditional academic teaching hospital to include rural and remote sites distributed away from the central training institution. It is incumbent upon medical schools to consider how this might impact on the faculty development of these clinicians as teachers...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773774/us-and-cuban-scientists-forge-collaboration-on-arbovirus-research
#3
Jorge Pérez-Ávila, Maria G Guzmán-Tirado, Jorge Fraga-Nodarse, Gray Handley, James Meegan, Jose L Pelegrino-Martínez de la Cotera, Anthony S Fauci
After December 17, 2014, when the US and Cuban governments announced their intent to restore relations, the two countries participated in various exchange activities in an effort to encourage cooperation in public health, health research and biomedical sciences. The conference entitled Exploring Opportunities for Arbovirus Research Collaboration, hosted at Havana's Hotel Nacional, was part of these efforts and was the first major US-Cuban scientific conference in over 50 years. Its purpose was to share information about current arbovirus research and recent findings, and to explore opportunities for future joint research...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771225/the-resident-physician-as-leader-within-the-healthcare-team
#4
Lyn Kathryn Sonnenberg, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart, Jamiu Busari
Purpose The purpose of this study was to explore inter-professional clinicians' perspectives on resident leadership in the context of inter-professional teams and to identify a definition for leadership in the clinical context. In 2015, CanMEDS changed the title of one of the core competencies from manager to leader. The shift in language was perceived by some as returning to traditional hierarchical and physician-dominant structures. The resulting uncertainty has resulted in a call to action to not only determine what physician leadership is but to also determine how to teach and assess it...
May 8, 2018: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771209/caring-for-the-healthcare-professional
#5
Keith Adamson, Nancy Searl, Sonia Sengsavang, John Yardley, Mark George, Peter Rumney, Judy Hunter, Sakeena Myers-Halbig
Purpose Hospitals must systematically support employees in innovative ways to uphold a culture of care that strengthens the system. At a leading Canadian academic pediatric rehabilitation hospital, over 90 percent of clinicians viewed Schwartz Rounds™ (SR) as a hospital priority, resulting in its formal implementation as a quality improvement initiative. The purpose of this paper is to describe how the hospital implemented SR to support the socio-emotional impact of providing care. Design/methodology/approach This quantitative descriptive study provides a snapshot of the impact of each SR through online surveys at four assessment points (SR1-SR4)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768480/internal-medicine-trainees-knowledge-and-confidence-in-using-the-american-society-of-hematology-choosing-wisely-guidelines-in-hemostasis-thrombosis-and-non-malignant-hematology
#6
Ariela L Marshall, Sarah Jenkins, Amy S Oxentenko, Alfred I Lee, Mark D Siegel, Joel T Katz, Jatin M Vyas, John Del Valle, Joseph R Mikhael
BACKGROUND: Several specialty societies participate in the Choosing Wisely (CW) campaign in an attempt to reduce waste in health care spending. We surveyed internal medicine (IM) residents with an objective of classifying knowledge of and confidence in using the American Society of Hematology (ASH) CW principles in hemostasis, thrombosis, and non-malignant hematology. METHODS: Multi-institutional study of IM residents at 5 academic training programs in the United States...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763388/how-should-trauma-patients-informed-consent-or-refusal-be-regarded-in-a-trauma-bay-or-other-emergency-settings
#7
Ashley Suah, Peter Angelos
The precipitous and unexpected nature of trauma requires training health care practitioners to think and act quickly, according to the best medical interest of the patient. The urgency of treatment for trauma patients, who frequently have temporary alterations in their abilities to make autonomous and competent decisions, often results in presumed consent for medically necessary treatment. Academic trauma centers use protocol-based management of injuries to facilitate their simultaneous evaluation by multiple clinicians and to avoid delays in treatment, ensuring that trauma patients receive the best possible care...
May 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762281/an-increased-lateral-femoral-condyle-ratio-is-a-risk-factor-for-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#8
Thomas R Pfeiffer, Jeremy M Burnham, Jonathan D Hughes, Ajay C Kanakamedala, Elmar Herbst, Adam Popchak, Sven Shafizadeh, James J Irrgang, Richard E Debski, Volker Musahl
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between distal femoral morphology and anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, ACL reconstruction (ACLR) failure, and contralateral ACL injury. It was hypothesized that increased posterior femoral condylar depth, quantified as the lateral femoral condyle ratio, would correlate with increased risk of primary ACL injuries, ACLR failures, and contralateral ACL injuries. METHODS: The charts of consecutive patients who underwent arthroscopic knee surgery at an academic medical center from 2012 to 2016 with minimum follow-up of 24 months were retrospectively reviewed...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759257/developing-a-medical-scribe-program-at-an-academic-hospital-the-hennepin-county-medical-center-experience
#9
Marc L Martel, Brian H Imdieke, Kayla M Holm, Sara Poplau, William G Heegaard, Jon L Pryor, Mark Linzer
BACKGROUND: Medical scribes are frequently incorporated into the patient care model to improve provider efficiency and enable providers to refocus their attention to the patient rather than the electronic health record (EHR). The medical scribe program was based on four pillars (objectives): (1) provider satisfaction, (2) standardized documentation, (3) documentation components for risk adjustment, and (4) revenue enhancement. METHODS: The medical scribe program was deployed in nine non-resident-supported clinics (internal medicine, ophthalmology, orthopedics, hematology/oncology, urology), with the medical scribes (who have no clinical duties) supporting both physicians and advanced practice providers (nurse practitioners and physician assistants)...
May 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757745/hospital-cio-explains-blockchain-potential-an-interview-with-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center-s-john-halamka
#10
Leslie Mertz
Work is already underway to bring blockchain technology to the healthcare industry, and hospital administrators are trying to figure out what it can do for them, their clinicians, and their patients. That includes administrators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, a leading academic medical center located in Boston.
May 2018: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751858/precision-radiology-residency-training-special-distinction-tracks-for-noninterpretative-professional-development
#11
Elizabeth Snyder, Lilja Solnes, Karen M Horton, Pamela T Johnson
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The role of a radiologist has expanded beyond the tripartite mission of patient care, education, and research to include cross-specialty consultation for patient management, innovative solutions to improve health-care quality and safety, device design, and policy advocacy. As such, radiology residency programs should incorporate formalized training to prepare residents for these various professional roles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since the 2015-2016 academic year, five training tracks focused on noninterpretative skills have been integrated into our residency training program: Clinician Educator, Quality Improvement, Entrepreneurship/Innovation, Health Policy Advocacy, and High-Value Care...
June 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750814/one-year-mortality-after-recovery-from-critical-illness-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#12
Sharukh Lokhandwala, Ned McCague, Abdullah Chahin, Braiam Escobar, Mengling Feng, Mohammad M Ghassemi, David J Stone, Leo Anthony Celi
RATIONALE: Factors associated with one-year mortality after recovery from critical illness are not well understood. Clinicians generally lack information regarding post-hospital discharge outcomes of patients from the intensive care unit, which may be important when counseling patients and families. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine which factors among patients who survived for at least 30 days post-ICU admission are associated with one-year mortality. METHODS: Single-center, longitudinal retrospective cohort study of all ICU patients admitted to a tertiary-care academic medical center from 2001-2012 who survived ≥30 days from ICU admission...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746221/interprofessional-population-health-advocacy-developing-and-implementing-a-panel-management-curriculum-in-five-veterans-administration-primary-care-practices
#13
Maya Dulay, Judith L Bowen, William G Weppner, Abigail Eastburn, Anne P Poppe, Pete Spanos, Danielle Wojtaszek, Destiny Printz, Catherine P Kaminetzky
Health care systems expect primary care clinicians to manage panels of patients and improve population health, yet few have been trained to do so. An interprofessional panel management (PM) curriculum is one possible strategy to address this training gap and supply future primary care practices with clinicians and teams prepared to work together to improve the health of individual patients and populations. This paper describes a Veterans Administration (VA) sponsored multi-site interprofessional PM curriculum development effort...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743225/ambulatory-antibiotic-stewardship-through-a-human-factors-engineering-approach-a-systematic-review
#14
Sara C Keller, Pranita D Tamma, Sara E Cosgrove, Melissa A Miller, Heather Sateia, Julie Szymczak, Ayse P Gurses, Jeffrey A Linder
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, most antibiotics are prescribed in ambulatory settings. Human factors engineering, which explores interactions between people and the place where they work, has successfully improved quality of care. However, human factors engineering models have not been explored to frame what is known about ambulatory antibiotic stewardship (AS) interventions and barriers and facilitators to their implementation. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and searched OVID MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, and CINAHL to identify controlled interventions and qualitative studies of ambulatory AS and determine whether and how they incorporated principles from a human factors engineering model, the Systems Engineering Initiative for Patient Safety 2...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743051/the-effectiveness-and-feasibility-of-treat-tailoring-research-evidence-and-theory-journal-clubs-in-allied-health-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Rachel J Wenke, Rae Thomas, Ian Hughes, Sharon Mickan
BACKGROUND: Journal clubs (JC) may increase clinicians' evidence-based practice (EBP) skills and facilitate evidence uptake in clinical practice, however there is a lack of research into their effectiveness in allied health. We investigated the effectiveness of a structured JC that is Tailored According to Research Evidence And Theory (TREAT) in improving EBP skills and practice compared to a standard JC format for allied health professionals. Concurrently, we explored the feasibility of implementing TREAT JCs in a healthcare setting, by evaluating participating clinicians' perceptions and satisfaction...
May 9, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742589/clinical-factors-associated-with-icu-specific-care-following-supratentoral-brain-tumor-resection-and-validation-of-a-risk-prediction-score
#16
Lynze R Franko, Todd Hollon, Joseph Linzey, Christopher Roark, Venkatakrishna Rajajee, Kyle Sheehan, Magnus Teig, Shawn Hervey-Jumper, Jason Heth, Daniel Orringer, Craig A Williamson
OBJECTIVES: The postoperative management of patients who undergo brain tumor resection frequently occurs in an ICU. However, the routine admission of all patients to an ICU following surgery is controversial. This study seeks to identify the frequency with which patients undergoing elective supratentorial tumor resection require care, aside from frequent neurologic checks, that is specific to an ICU and to determine the frequency of new complications during ICU admission. Additionally, clinical predictors of ICU-specific care are identified, and a scoring system to discriminate patients most likely to require ICU-specific treatment is validated...
May 7, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737891/fostering-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-in-acute-care-through-an-academic-practice-partnership
#17
Susan Hendricks, Virginia Julie LaMothe, Judith A Halstead, Jennifer Taylor, Susan Ofner, Linda Chase, Jennifer Dunscomb, Amy Chael, Chad Priest
An interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) environment was implemented in four inpatient acute care unit accountable care teams (ACT) through an academic-practice partnership. An action research methodology was implemented to empower healthcare professionals and promote ownership and sustainment of the IPCP strategies. Healthcare professionals on the ACT units, students, and faculty engaged in the multi-year project. Interventions included staff engagement exercises and coaching and support of individual ACT unit IPCP strategies and education...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735477/finding-meaning-in-medication-reconciliation-using-electronic-health-records-qualitative-analysis-in-safety-net-primary-and-specialty-care
#18
George Yaccoub Matta, Elaine C Khoong, Courtney R Lyles, Dean Schillinger, Neda Ratanawongsa
BACKGROUND: Safety net health systems face barriers to effective ambulatory medication reconciliation for vulnerable populations. Although some electronic health record (EHR) systems offer safety advantages, EHR use may affect the quality of patient-provider communication. OBJECTIVE: This mixed-methods observational study aimed to develop a conceptual framework of how clinicians balance the demands and risks of EHR and communication tasks during medication reconciliation discussions in a safety net system...
May 7, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731418/cultivating-future-radiology-educators-development-and-implementation-of-a-clinician-educator-track-for-residents
#19
Dexter Mendoza, Ryan Peterson, Christopher Ho, Peter Harri, Deborah Baumgarten, Mark E Mullins
Effective and dedicated educators are critical to the preservation and advancement of the practice of radiology. The need for innovative and adaptable educators is increasingly being recognized, with several institutions granting academic promotions through clinician-educator tracks. The implementation of resident "clinician-educator tracks" or "teaching tracks" should better prepare residents aspiring to become academic radiologists focused on teaching. In this work, we describe our experience in the development and implementation of a clinician-educator track for diagnostic radiology residents at our institution...
May 3, 2018: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728528/validation-of-a-simple-disease-specific-quality-of-life-measure-for-diabetic-polyneuropathy-cappri
#20
Kelly G Gwathmey, Reza Sadjadi, William B Horton, Mark R Conaway, Carolina Barnett-Tapia, Vera Bril, James W Russell, Aziz Shaibani, Michelle L Mauermann, Michael K Hehir, Noah Kolb, Jeffrey Guptill, Lisa Hobson-Webb, Karissa Gable, Shruti Raja, Nicholas Silvestri, Gil I Wolfe, A Gordon Smith, Rabia Malik, Rebecca Traub, Amruta Joshi, Matthew P Elliott, Sarah Jones, Ted M Burns
OBJECTIVE: We studied the performance of a 15-item, health-related quality-of-life polyneuropathy scale in the clinic setting in patients with diabetic distal sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DSPN). METHODS: Patients with DSPN from 11 academic sites completed a total of 231 Chronic Acquired Polyneuropathy Patient-Reported Index (CAPPRI) scales during their clinic visits. Conventional and modern psychometric analyses were performed on the completed forms. RESULTS: Conventional and modern analyses generally indicated excellent psychometric properties of the CAPPRI in patients with DSPN...
May 4, 2018: Neurology
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