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Wenwen Zheng, Ting Luo, Chuan-Peng Hu, Kaiping Peng
A more babyfaced individual is perceived as more child-like and this impression from babyface, as known as babyface effect, has an impact on social life among various age groups. In this study, the influence of babyfaces on visual selective attention was tested by cognitive task, demonstrating that the female babyface and male mature face would draw participants' attention so that they take their eyes off more slowly. In Experiment 1, a detection task was applied to test the influence of babyfaces on visual selective attention...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jiabin Liu, Guangyuan Wang, Qi Lin, Wenxing Liang, Zhiqiang Gao, Ping Mu, Guiquan Li, Limin Song
BACKGROUND: Protein lysine malonylation, a newly discovered post-translational modification (PTM), plays an important role in diverse metabolic processes in both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Common wheat is a major global cereal crop. However, the functions of lysine malonylation are relatively unknown in this crop. Here, a global analysis of lysine malonylation was performed in wheat. RESULTS: In total, 342 lysine malonylated sites were identified in 233 proteins...
March 20, 2018: BMC Genomics
Yanying Guo, Jazyra Zynat, Shuqing Xing, Liang Xin, Suli Li, Nurongguli Mammat, Yuan Chen, Limin Zhao, Hongli Zhao, Xinling Wang
Recent incidence rates for Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and hypothyroidism are higher than those of previous studies. Previous studies indicated that T helper cells may have a major role in the pathogenesis and development of HT, but there is no consensus in the literature. The aim of the present study was to explore the peripheral T helper cell response in the different stages of HT. In this cross-sectional study, we performed flow cytometry analysis to determine the various T cell subsets of 389 patients with HT (34 patients with HT who developed overt hypothyroidism, and 148 patients with HT who developed subclinical hypothyroidism), as well as 51 healthy controls...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Audrey Lyndon, Jennifer Malana, Laura C Hedli, Jules Sherman, Henry C Lee
OBJECTIVE: To explore women's birth experiences to develop an understanding of their perspectives on patient safety during hospital-based birth. DESIGN: Qualitative description using thematic analysis of interview data. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen women ages 29 to 47 years. METHODS: Women participated in individual or small group interviews about their birth experiences, the physical environment, interactions with clinicians, and what safety meant to them in the context of birth...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Bing Liu, Chi Toan Le, Russell L Barrett, Daniel L Nickrent, Zhiduan Chen, Limin Lu, Romina Vidal-Russell
Coadaptation between mistletoes and birds captured the attention of Charles Darwin over 150 years ago, stimulating considerable scientific research. Here we used Loranthaceae, a speciose and ecologically important mistletoe family, to obtain new insights into the interrelationships among its hosts and dispersers. Phylogenetic analyses of Loranthaceae were based on a dataset of nuclear and chloroplast DNA sequences. Divergence time estimation, ancestral area reconstruction, and diversification rate analyses were employed to examine historical biogeography...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Lizhen Wang, Peizhen Xu, Yuhang Li, Jize Han, Xin Guo, Yudong Cui, Xueming Liu, Limin Tong
Mode-locked Yb-doped fiber lasers around 1 μm are attractive for high power applications and low noise pulse train generation. Mode-locked fiber lasers working in soliton and stretched-pulse regime outperform others in terms of the laser noise characteristics, mechanical stability and easy maintenance. However, conventional optical fibers always show a normal group velocity dispersion around 1 μm, leading to the inconvenience for necessary dispersion management. Here we show that optical microfibers having a large anomalous dispersion around 1 μm can be integrated into mode-locked Yb-doped fiber lasers with ultralow insertion loss down to -0...
March 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
Rui Wang, Limin Wang, Shuzhi Yuan, Qianqian Li, Hanxu Pan, Jiankang Cao, Weibo Jiang
Flesh reddening of 'Friar' plum (Prunus salicina Lindl.) fruit developed rapidly during storage at intermediate temperatures of 5 and 15 °C in comparison to flesh turning yellow at 25 °C and almost no colour change at 0 °C. Thus, modifications of phytochemicals and antioxidant activity during flesh reddening were investigated. Anthocyanins accumulated rapidly in reddening flesh tissue and cyanidin-3-O-glucoside was identified as the absolutely predominant individual anthocyanin. Anthocyanins contributed greatly to the antioxidant activity at 5 °C, and especially at 15 °C by combining with non-anthocyanin phenolics, including protocatechuic, syringic, trans-p-coumaric and caffeic acids...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Jingxiao Wang, Xinjie Yang, Haibo Han, Limin Wang, Weiqian Bao, Shanshan Wang, Robert M Hoffman, Meng Yang, Hui Qi, Chao An, Kaiwen Hu
Objective: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is highly invasive and metastatic, which is in urgent need of transformative therapeutics. Tubeimu (TBM), the rhizome of Bolbostemma paniculatum (Maxim.) Franquet, is one of the Chinese medicinal herbs used for breast diseases since the ancient times. The present study evaluated the efficacy, especially the anti-metastatic effects of the dichloromethane extract of Tubeimu (ETBM) on TNBC orthotopic mouse models and cell lines. Methods: We applied real-time imaging on florescent orthotopic TNBC mice model and tested cell migration and invasion abilities with MDA-MB-231 cell line...
February 2018: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
Adel Shalata, Mohammad Mahroom, Dianna M Milewicz, Gong Limin, Fadi Kassum, Khader Badarna, Nader Tarabeih, Nimmer Assy, Rona Fell, Hector Cohen, Munir Nashashibi, Alejandro Livoff, Muhammad Azab, George Habib, Dan Geiger, Omer Weissbrod, William Nseir
BACKGROUND: Thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms and dissection often develop in hypertensive elderly patients. At higher risk are smokers and those who have a family history of aortic aneurysms. In most affected families, the aortic aneurysms and dissection is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner with decreased penetrance and variable expressivity. Mutations at two chromosomal loci, TAA1 at 11q23 and the TAA2 at 5q13-14, and eight genes, MYLK, MYH11, TGFBR2, TGFBR1, ACTA2, SMAD3, TGFB2, and MAT2A, have been identified as being responsible for the disease in 23% of affected families...
March 15, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
Mei Jiang, Xinghui Liu, Denghai Zhang, Ying Wang, Xiaoxia Hu, Fengxia Xu, Mingming Jin, Fanfan Cao, Limin Xu
BACKGROUND: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is the most common type of cerebrovascular disease and is a leading cause of disability and death worldwide. Recently, a study suggested that transformation of microglia from the pro-inflammatory M1 state to the anti-inflammatory and tissue-reparative M2 phenotype may be an effective therapeutic strategy for ischemic stroke. Celastrol, a traditional oriental medicine, may have anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Qing-Wei Wang, Lin Qi, Wangming Zhou, Cheng-Gang Liu, Dapao Yu, Limin Dai
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The growth limitation hypothesis (GLH) and carbon limitation hypothesis (CLH) are two dominant explanations for treeline formation. The GLH proposes that low temperature drives the treeline through constraining C sinks more than C sources, and it predicts that non-structural carbohydrate (NSC) levels are static or increase with elevation. Although the GLH has received strong support globally for evergreen treelines, there is still no consensus for deciduous treelines, which experience great asynchrony between supply and demand throughout the year...
January 2018: American Journal of Botany
Xianbo Zuo, Liangdan Sun, Xianyong Yin, Jinping Gao, Yujun Sheng, Jinhua Xu, Jianzhong Zhang, Chundi He, Ying Qiu, Guangdong Wen, Hongqing Tian, Xiaodong Zheng, Shengxiu Liu, Wenjun Wang, Weiran Li, Yuyan Cheng, Longdan Liu, Yan Chang, Zaixing Wang, Zenggang Li, Longnian Li, Jianping Wu, Ling Fang, Changbing Shen, Fusheng Zhou, Bo Liang, Gang Chen, Hui Li, Yong Cui, Aie Xu, Xueqin Yang, Fei Hao, Limin Xu, Xing Fan, Yuzhen Li, Rina Wu, Xiuli Wang, Xiaoming Liu, Min Zheng, Shunpeng Song, Bihua Ji, Hong Fang, Jianbin Yu, Yongxin Sun, Yan Hui, Furen Zhang, Rongya Yang, Sen Yang, Xuejun Zhang
This corrects the article DOI: 10.1038/ncomms7793.
March 13, 2018: Nature Communications
Na Tian, Limin Han, Chen Chen, Zhezhi Wang
Epipremnum aureum is an important foliage plant in the Araceae family. In this study, we have sequenced the complete chloroplast genome of E. aureum by using Illumina Hiseq sequencing platforms. This genome is a double-stranded circular DNA sequence of 164,831 bp that contains 35.8% GC. The two inverted repeats (IRa and IRb; 26,606 bp) are spaced by a small single-copy region (22,868 bp) and a large single-copy region (88,751 bp). The chloroplast genome has 131 (113 unique) functional genes, including 86 (79 unique) protein-coding genes, 37 (30 unique) tRNA genes, and eight (four unique) rRNA genes...
2018: PloS One
Limin Liao, Yao-Chi Chuang, Shih-Ping Liu, Kyu-Sung Lee, Tag Keun Yoo, Romeo Chu, Budiwan Sumarsono, Jian-Ye Wang
OBJECTIVE: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in males can reduce patients' quality of life (QoL) and affect sexual function and satisfaction. Although this has been documented in the US, Canada, Germany, Italy, UK, and Sweden, data are limited on the effects of LUTS on QoL and sexual function in Asian men. The present subgroup analysis of an Internet-based survey correlated the incidence of male LUTS by severity and category with self-assessed QoL and sexual function and satisfaction measures...
March 11, 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Zhihao Zha, Karl Ploessl, Brian P Lieberman, Limin Wang, Hank F Kung
INTRODUCTION: Glutamine is an essential source of energy, metabolic substrates, and building block for supporting tumor proliferation. Previously, [18 F](2S,4R)4-fluoroglutamine (4F-Gln) was reported as a glutamine-related metabolic imaging agent. To improve the in vivo kinetics of this radiotracer, two new dipeptides, [18 F]Gly-(2S,4R)4-fluoroglutamine (Gly-4F-Gln) and [18 F]Ala-(2S,4R)4-fluoroglutamine (Ala-4F-Gln) were investigated. METHODS: Radiolabeling was performed via 2-steps18 F-fluorination...
February 13, 2018: Nuclear Medicine and Biology
Jiafu Li, Ying Zhang, Tingting Sun, Huawei Hao, Hao Wu, Lili Wang, Yuxing Chen, Limin Xing, Zhiguang Niu
In our study, health risk levels of different age groups of residents living in the vicinity of a municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) posed by polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in atmosphere and soil were evaluated. The toxic equivalent concentrations of PCDD/Fs (TEQ) in surrounding atmosphere and soil of studied MSWI were 0.05-0.12 pg I-TEQ Nm-3 and 7.622-15.450 ng I-TEQ kg-1 , respectively. The PCDFs/PCDDs (F/D) values of PCDD/Fs in surrounding atmosphere of studied MSWI ranged from 0...
March 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Huan Xie, Limin Feng, Qingjing Hu, Yujiao Zhu, Huiwang Gao, Yang Gao, Xiaohong Yao
In this study, we determined the concentrations of water-extracted dimethylaminium (DMA+ ) and trimethylaminium (TMA+ ) in size-segregated atmospheric particles collected during three inland campaigns and one sea-beach campaign in Qingdao and five marine campaigns in marginal seas of China and the northwest Pacific Ocean. The averages of DMA+ and TMA+ in PM0.056 -10 (the sum of concentrations from 0.056 to 10μm) during each campaign ranged from 0.045 to 1.1nmolm-3 and from 0.029 to 0.53nmolm-3 , respectively...
March 7, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Bin Tang, Limin Xiao, Shenhao Xie, Guanlin Huang, Zhigang Wang, Dongwei Zhou, Erming Zeng, Tao Hong
OBJECTIVES: Removal of recurrent or residual symptomatic craniopharyngiomas is more challenging than the primary surgery. The extended endoscopic endonasal (EEE) approach has been proposed an alternative surgical route for removal of various suprasellar tumors including craniopharyngiomas currently. In this study, we summarized the operative experience and described the feasibility and advantages of this technique in recurrent or residual symptomatic craniopharyngiomas. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 15 patients (9 males and 6 females) whom underwent EEE approach between April 2012 and February 2017, were included in this study...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
Kerry R Belton, Yuan Tian, Limin Zhang, Mallappa Anitha, Philip B Smith, Gary H Perdew, Andrew D Patterson
The liver and the mammary gland have complementary metabolic roles during lactation. Substrates (e.g., glucose and amino acids) synthesized by the liver are released into the circulation and are taken up by the mammary gland for milk production (e.g., lactose and the glycerol backbone of milk triglycerides). The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) has been identified as a lactation regulator in mice, and its activation has been associated with myriad morphological, molecular, and functional defects such as stunted gland development, decreased milk production, and changes in gene expression...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Limin Zhu, Lingling Xie, Xiao-Yu Cao
Although LiV3O8 is regarded as a potential cathode candidate for rechargeable lithium batteries, it has restricted by its weak dissolution and lattice structure change. Here, the polydiphenylamine is successfully introduced to trigger the evolution of LiV3O8 material through an in-situ oxidative polymerization method, significantly improving electrochemical properties and inhibiting the adverse reaction. Expectedly, the 10 wt.% LiV3O8/polydiphenylamine composite delivers an high initial specific discharge capacity of 311 mAh g-1, remaining 272 mAh g-1 after 50 cycles at the current density of 60 mA g-1...
March 8, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
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