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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340733/population-pharmacokinetics-of-lamotrigine-co-administered-with-valproic-acid-in-chinese-epileptic-children-using-nonlinear-mixed-effects-modeling
#1
Shansen Xu, Limin Liu, Yanan Chen, Mei Liu, Tong Lu, Huanxin Wang, Shihao Liu, Mingming Zhao, Limei Zhao
PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model of lamotrigine (LTG) in Chinese epileptic children by using nonlinear mixed effects modeling (NONMEM) and to investigate the effects of valproic acid (VPA) and genetic polymorphisms of the major metabolizing enzymes (UGT1A4, UGT2B7) on the pharmacokinetics of LTG. METHODS: A total of 182 epileptic children who were treated with LTG as monotherapy or as part of combination therapy were included in this study as the model group, and 61 patients were included as the validation group...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340111/effect-of-dihydropyrimidine-dehydrogenase-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-on-prognosis-of-breast-cancer-patients-with-chemotherapy
#2
Fengxia Qin, Huikun Zhang, Yong Huang, Limin Yang, Feng Yu, Xiaoli Liu, Li Fu, Feng Gu, Yongjie Ma
Defining biomarkers that predict therapeutic effects and adverse events is a crucial mandate to guide patient selection for personalized cancer treatments. DPD (dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase, encoded by DPYD gene) is the initial and rate-limiting enzyme of metabolic pathway of fluoropyrimidines, and fluoropyrimidines are common used drug therapies for breast cancer. Previous studies on DPYD polymorphism were mainly focused on its association with fluoropyrimidines toxicity. In our present study, 5 DPYD single nucleotide polymorphisms status was detected from tumor tissues of 331 invasive breast cancer patients using standard techniques...
December 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339699/impact-of-gender-and-age-on-the-association-of-the-bud13-znf259-rs964184-polymorphism-with-coronary-heart-disease
#3
Xiaofeng Xu, Yirun Li, Yi Huang, Huadan Ye, Liyuan Han, Huihui Ji, Xiaoyin Chen, Nan Wu, Danjie Jiang, Limin Xu, Dongjun Dai, Shiwei Duan, Xiaomin Chen
OBJECTIVE: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the most common cause of death worldwide. This study aimed to validate the association of the rs964184 polymorphism with the CHD risk and included 874 CHD patients and 776 controls. METHODS: rs964184 polymorphism genotyping was performed using Tm-shift polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: A strong association of the rs964184 polymorphism with CHD was found (genotype: X2=14.365, p=0.001; allele: X2=14...
January 2018: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337869/aquaporin-expression-and-water-transport-pathways-inside-leaves-are-affected-by-nitrogen-supply-through-transpiration-in-rice-plants
#4
Lei Ding, Yingrui Li, Limin Gao, Zhifeng Lu, Min Wang, Ning Ling, Qirong Shen, Shiwei Guo
The photosynthetic rate increases under high-N supply, resulting in a large CO₂ transport conductance in mesophyll cells. It is less known that water movement is affected by nitrogen supply in leaves. This study investigated whether the expression of aquaporin and water transport were affected by low-N (0.7 mM) and high-N (7 mM) concentrations in the hydroponic culture of four rice varieties: (1) Shanyou 63 (SY63), a hybrid variant of the indica species; (2) Yangdao 6 (YD6), a variant of indica species; (3) Zhendao 11 (ZD11), a hybrid variant of japonica species; and (4) Jiuyou 418 (JY418), another hybrid of the japonica species...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336111/beyond-mere-pill-taking-sms-reminders-for-hiv-treatment-adherence-delivered-to-mobile-phones-of-clients-in-a-community-support-network-in-australia
#5
Limin Mao, Andrew Buchanan, Horas Tze Hoo Wong, Asha Persson
SMS reminders sent to personal mobiles are increasingly used by clinical services to promote patient engagement, including adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) for HIV. From August to September 2015, a 6-week, randomised SMS reminder for ART adherence intervention was implemented among 98 HIV-positive clients of Australian's largest HIV charitable organisation located in Sydney. This was followed by a mixed-method evaluation, comprising a self-completed online survey and a one-to-one interview. Of the 62 survey participants, all being men, the majority were gay (85...
January 15, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335200/discovery-and-optimization-of-phthalazinone-derivatives-as-a-new-class-of-potent-dengue-virus-inhibitors
#6
Dong Lu, Jianan Liu, Yunzhe Zhang, Feifei Liu, Limin Zeng, Runze Peng, Li Yang, Huazhou Ying, Wei Tang, Wuhong Chen, Jianping Zuo, Xiankun Tong, Tao Liu, Youhong Hu
Using a dengue replicon cell line-based screening, we identified 3-(dimethylamino)propyl(3-((4-(4-fluorophenyl)-1-oxophthalazin-2(1H)-yl)methyl)phenyl)carbamate (10a) as a potent DENV-2 inhibitor, with an IC50 value of 0.64 μM. A series of novel phthalazinone derivatives based on hit 10a were synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro anti-DENV activity and cytotoxicity. The subsequent SAR study and optimization led to the discovery of the most promising compound 14l, which displayed potent anti-DENV-2 activity, with low IC50 value against DENV-2 RNA replication of 0...
January 5, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331036/prognostic-significance-of-mir-21-and-pdcd4-in-patients-with-stage-ii-esophageal-carcinoma-after-surgical-resection
#7
Jiandong Zhang, Lei Ma, Daimeng Shi, Zhen Zhang, Chuanshan Yao, Xulin Zhao, Quanxiao Xu, Penghao Wen, Limin He
Many studies have shown that randomized clinical trial with long-term follow-up found no improvement in stage II esophageal carcinoma (EC) patients receiving preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy or chemotherapy treatment, this limitation underscored the urgent need for novel and reliable biomarkers for prognosis and prediction in stage II EC. miR-21 is frequently over-expressed while programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) is often down-regulated in solid tumors. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological and prognostic significance of miR-21 and PDCD4 expression and to elucidate any correlation between miR-21 and PDCD4 expression in stage II EC patients...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329968/reexamining-unconscious-response-priming-a-liminal-prime-paradigm
#8
Maayan Avneon, Dominique Lamy
Research on the limits of unconscious processing typically relies on the subliminal-prime paradigm. However, this paradigm is limited in the issues it can address. Here, we examined the implications of using the liminal-prime paradigm, which allows comparing unconscious and conscious priming with constant stimulation. We adapted an iconic demonstration of unconscious response priming to the liminal-prime paradigm. On the one hand, temporal attention allocated to the prime and its relevance to the task increased the magnitude of response priming...
January 9, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327729/h5n1-influenza-virus-specific-mirna-like-small-rna-increases-cytokine-production-and-mouse-mortality-via-targeting-poly-rc-binding-protein-2
#9
Xihan Li, Zheng Fu, Hongwei Liang, Yanbo Wang, Xian Qi, Meng Ding, Xinlei Sun, Zhen Zhou, Ying Huang, Hongwei Gu, Limin Li, Xi Chen, Donghai Li, Quan Zhao, Fenyong Liu, Hua Wang, Jin Wang, Ke Zen, Chen-Yu Zhang
Infection of H5N1 influenza virus causes the highest mortality among all influenza viruses. The mechanisms underlying such high viral pathogenicity are incompletely understood. Here, we report that the H5N1 influenza virus encodes a microRNA-like small RNA, miR-HA-3p, which is processed from a stem loop-containing viral RNA precursor by Argonaute 2, and plays a role in enhancing cytokine production during H5N1 infection. Mechanistic study shows that miR-HA-3p targets poly(rC)-binding protein 2 (PCBP2) and suppresses its expression...
January 12, 2018: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326196/young-adults-perspectives-on-living-with-kidney-failure-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#10
Phillippa K Bailey, Alexander J Hamilton, Rhian L Clissold, Carol D Inward, Fergus J Caskey, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Amanda Owen-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Young adults fare worse than younger adolescents or older adults on a broad range of health indicators. Those with a chronic illness such as renal failure are a particularly vulnerable group, who experience poor outcomes compared with both children and older adults. Understanding how being in receipt of renal replacement therapy (RRT) affects the lives of young adults might help us to better prepare and support these individuals for and on RRT, and improve outcomes. This study aimed to synthesise research describing young adults' experiences of the psychosocial impact of kidney failure and RRT...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325758/mir-186-5p-upregulation-inhibits-proliferation-metastasis-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-of-colorectal-cancer-cell-by-targeting-zeb1
#11
Jinlei Li, Limin Xia, Zhenhua Zhou, Zhigui Zuo, Chang Xu, Huayu Song, Jianhui Cai
MicroRNA-186-5p (miR-186-5p) is upregulated and exhibits as a crucial oncogene in various human tumors. However, the functions and underlying mechanisms of this microRNA on colorectal cancer remain largely unknown. Here, we report that miR-186-5p share a lower expression in colorectal cancer cell lines (HT116, H29, SW620 and LoVo) than in normal colonic epithelial cell line NCM460. MiR-186-5p overexpression inhibits proliferation, metastasis and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of colorectal cancer cell line LoVo...
January 8, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323216/characterization-of-isoprene-derived-secondary-organic-aerosols-at-a-rural-site-in-north-china-plain-with-implications-for-anthropogenic-pollution-effects
#12
Jianjun Li, Gehui Wang, Can Wu, Cong Cao, Yanqin Ren, Jiayuan Wang, Jin Li, Junji Cao, Limin Zeng, Tong Zhu
Isoprene is the most abundant non-methane volatile organic compound (VOC) and the largest contributor to secondary organic aerosol (SOA) burden on a global scale. In order to examine the influence of high concentrations of anthropogenic pollutants on isoprene-derived SOA (SOA i ) formation, summertime PM2.5 filter samples were collected with a three-hour sampling interval at a rural site in the North China Plain (NCP), and determined for SOA i tracers and other chemical species. RO2+NO pathway derived 2-methylglyceric acid presented a relatively higher contribution to the SOA i due to the high-NOx (~20 ppb) conditions in the NCP that suppressed the reactive uptake of RO2+HO2 reaction derived isoprene epoxydiols...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322925/subtype-identification-from-heterogeneous-tcga-datasets-on-a-genomic-scale-by-multi-view-clustering-with-enhanced-consensus
#13
Menglan Cai, Limin Li
BACKGROUND: The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) has collected transcriptome, genome and epigenome information for over 20 cancers from thousands of patients. The availability of these diverse data types makes it necessary to combine these data to capture the heterogeneity of biological processes and phenotypes and further identify homogeneous subtypes for cancers such as breast cancer. Many multi-view clustering approaches are proposed to discover clusters across different data types. The problem is challenging when different data types show poor agreement of clustering structure...
December 21, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321333/microrna-130a-regulates-both-hcv-and-hbv-replication-through-a-central-metabolic-pathway
#14
Xiaoqiong Duan, Shilin Li, Jacinta A Holmes, Zeng Tu, Yujia Li, Dachuan Cai, Xiao Liu, Wenting Li, Chunhui Yang, Baihai Jiao, Esperance A Schaefer, Dahlene N Fusco, Shadi Salloum, Limin Chen, Wenyu Lin, Raymond T Chung
BACKGROUND: HCV infection has been shown to regulate miR-130a in patient biopsies and in cultured cells. We sought to identify miR-130a target genes and to explore the mechanisms by which miR-130a regulates HCV and HBV replication.METHODS: We used bioinformatics software including miRanda, TargetScan, PITA and RNAhybrid to predict potential miR-130a target genes. miR-130a and its target genes were overexpressed, or knocked down by siRNA or by CRISPR/Cas9 gRNA, respectively. Selected gene mRNAs and their proteins, together with HCV replication in OR6 cells, JFH1 HCV-infected Huh7...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315792/association-between-smad3-gene-rs12901499-polymorphism-and-knee-osteoarthritis-in-a-chinese-population
#15
Li Zhang, Limin Zhang, Haiqin Zhang, Wenjun Wang, You Zhao
BACKGROUND: Many studies have revealed that transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) signals play important roles in maintaining normal status of articular cartilage in human osteoarthritis (OA). However, SMAD3 had inhibitory effect on TGF-β-induced chondrocyte maturation. METHOD: To evaluate the association of SMAD3 genetic variants with the risk of knee OA, we conducted this hospital-based case-control study involving 350 knee patients with OA and 400 controls in a Chinese population...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311567/long-noncoding-rna-casc9-5-promotes-the-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-lung-adenocarcinoma
#16
Jianlong Zhou, Haiping Xiao, Xinglong Yang, Hao Tian, Zhiyong Xu, Yu Zhong, Limin Ma, Weimin Zhang, Guibin Qiao, Jing Liang
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important regulatory factors in tumor development and progression. The lncRNA CASC9.5 is located on chromosome 8 and has a total length of 1316 bp. CASC9.5 plays a tumor-promoting role in the development and progression of brain tumor and colon cancer; however, limited research has been conducted on the role of this lncRNA in lung adenocarcinoma. The present study analyzed 44 lung adenocarcinoma specimens and 2 lung cancer cell lines. It was found that CASC9.5 expression levels were significantly higher in lung cancer tissues and cells compared with normal lung tissues...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310634/artificial-urinary-sphincter-implantation-an-important-component-of-complex-surgery-for-urinary-tract-reconstruction-in-patients-with-refractory-urinary-incontinence
#17
Fan Zhang, Limin Liao
BACKGROUND: We review our outcomes and experience of artificial urinary sphincter implantation for patients with refractory urinary incontinence from different causes. METHODS: Between April 2002 and May 2017, a total of 32 patients (median age, 40.8 years) with urinary incontinence had undergone artificial urinary sphincter placement during urinary tract reconstruction. Eighteen patients (56.3%) were urethral injuries associated urinary incontinence, 9 (28.1%) had neurogenic urinary incontinence and 5 (15...
January 8, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306031/simultaneous-detection-of-dual-biomarkers-from-humans-exposed-to-organophosphorus-pesticides-by-combination-of-immunochromatographic-test-strip-and-ellman-assay
#18
Mingming Yang, Yuting Zhao, Limin Wang, Michael Paulsen, Christopher D Simpson, Fengquan Liu, Dan Du, Yuehe Lin
A novel sandwich immunoassay based immunochromatographic test strip (ICTS) has been developed for simultaneously measuring both butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) activity and the total amount of BChE (including inhibited and active enzyme) from 70 μLpost-exposure human plasma sample. The principle of this method is based on the BChE monoclonal antibody (MAb) capable of acting as both capture antibody and detection antibody. The BChE MAb which was immobilized on the test line was able to recognize both organophosphorus BChE adducts (OP-BChE) and BChE and provided equal binding affinity, permitting detection of the total enzyme amount in post-exposure human plasma samples...
December 21, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303469/percutaneous-transforaminal-endoscopic-discectomy-compared-with-microendoscopic-discectomy-for-lumbar-disc-herniation-1-year-results-of-an-ongoing-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Zihao Chen, Liangming Zhang, Jianwen Dong, Peigen Xie, Bin Liu, Qiyou Wang, Ruiqiang Chen, Feng Feng, Bu Yang, Tao Shu, Shangfu Li, Yang Yang, Lei He, Mao Pang, Limin Rong
OBJECTIVE A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted to clarify whether percutaneous transforaminal endoscopic discectomy (PTED) results in better clinical outcomes and less surgical trauma than microendoscopic discectomy (MED). METHODS In this single-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial, patients were included if they had persistent signs and symptoms of radiculopathy with corresponding imaging-confirmed lumbar disc herniation. Patients were randomly allocated to the PTED or the MED group by computer-generated randomization codes...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303265/correction-to-lio2-cryosynthesis-and-chemical-electrochemical-reactivities
#20
Xinmin Zhang, Limin Guo, Linfeng Gan, Yantao Zhang, Jin Wang, Lee R Johnson, Peter G Bruce, Zhangquan Peng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
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