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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225947/migrants-caught-between-tides-and-politics-in-the-mediterranean-an-imperative-for-search-and-rescue-at-sea
#1
EDITORIAL
Federica Zamatto, Stefano Argenziano, Jovana Arsenijevic, Aurelie Ponthieu, Marco Bertotto, Francesco Di Donna, Anthony D Harries, Rony Zachariah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214144/trajectories-of-emigrant-quasi-citizenship-a-comparative-study-of-mexico-and-turkey
#2
Rusen Yasar
In two of the busiest migration corridors of the twentieth century, namely Mexico-US and Turkey-Germany, migrants can today be dual citizens. However, the acceptance of dual citizenship did not occur automatically; instead, it followed a period of legal statuses short of full citizenship. This paper conceptualises such statuses as quasi-citizenship, a transitional equilibrium between the absence of plural citizenship and the existence of transnational migration. Focusing on sending states, the emergence of emigrant quasi-citizenship is thus explained, first, in terms of whether the reciprocal regimes of emigration and immigration states diverge on the acceptance of plural citizenship...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202665/the-social-determinants-of-refugee-mental-health-in-the-post-migration-context-a-critical-review
#3
Michaela Hynie
With the global increase in the number of refugees and asylum seekers, mental health professionals have become more aware of the need to understand and respond to the mental health needs of forced migrants. This critical review summarizes the findings of recent systematic reviews and primary research on the impact of post-migration conditions on mental disorders and PTSD among refugees and asylum seekers. Historically, the focus of mental health research and interventions with these populations has been on the impact of pre-migration trauma...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177126/migrant-female-head-porters-enrolment-in-and-utilisation-and-renewal-of-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-in-kumasi-ghana
#4
Simon Boateng, Prince Amoako, Adjoa Afriyie Poku, Anthony Baabereyir, Razak Mohammed Gyasi
Purpose: As a social protection policy, Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) aims to improve access to healthcare, especially for the vulnerable. Migrant female head porters (kayayoo), who are part of the informal economic workforce, are underscored as an ethnic minority and vulnerable group in Ghana. This study aimed to analyse the factors associated with enrolment in and renewal and utilisation of the NHIS among migrant female head porters in the Kumasi Metropolis. Method: We purposively sampled 392 migrant female head porters in the Kejetia, Asafo and Bantama markets...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165223/health-status-of-asylum-seekers-spain
#5
Núria Serre-Delcor, Carlos Ascaso, Antoni Soriano-Arandes, Francisco Collazos Sanchez, Begoña Treviño Maruri, Elena Sulleiro, Diana Pou Ciruelo, Cristina Bocanegra Garcia, Israel Molina Romero
The rising rate of conflicts and the unsafe situation caused by reasons of ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, political opinion, or nationality entail an increase in the number of migratory movements. The goal of this article is to describe the health status of asylum seekers visited in an international health center. We conducted a retrospective study of the asylum seekers visited between July 2013 and June 2016. A total of 303 cases were included. The median age was 28.0 years (interquartile range [IQR]: 21-35), and 203 (67...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119537/second-generation-outcomes-of-the-great-migration
#6
J Trent Alexander, Christine Leibbrand, Catherine Massey, Stewart Tolnay
The mass migration of African Americans out of the South during the first two-thirds of the twentieth century represents one of the most significant internal migration flows in U.S. HISTORY: Those undertaking the Great Migration left the South in search of a better life, and their move transformed the cultural, social, and political dynamics of African American life specifically and U.S. society more generally. Recent research offers conflicting evidence regarding the migrants' success in translating their geographic mobility into economic mobility...
November 8, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101682/interior-immigration-enforcement-and-political-participation-of-u-s-citizens-in-mixed-status-households
#7
Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes, Mary J Lopez
The 2000s have witnessed an expansion of interior immigration enforcement in the United States. At the same time, the country has experienced a major demographic transformation, with the number of U.S. citizens living in mixed-status households-that is, households where at least one family member is an unauthorized migrant-reaching 16 million. U.S. citizens living in mixed-status households are personally connected to the struggles experienced by their unauthorized family members. For them, immigration policy is likely to shape their current and future voting behavior...
November 3, 2017: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046602/surveillance-at-sea-the-transactional-politics-of-border-control-in-the-aegean
#8
Huub Dijstelbloem, Rogier van Reekum, Willem Schinkel
The relationship between vision and action is a key element of both practices and conceptualizations of border surveillance in Europe. This article engages with what we call the 'operative vision' of surveillance at sea, specifically as performed by the border control apparatus in the Aegean. We analyse the political consequences of this operative vision by elaborating on three examples of fieldwork conducted in the Aegean and on the islands of Chios and Lesbos. One of the main aims is to bring the figure of the migrant back into the study of border technologies...
June 2017: Security Dialogue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040505/late-booking-amongst-african-women-in-a-london-borough-england-implications-for-health-promotion
#9
Martha J Chinouya, Cathrine Madziva
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidance is that a pregnant woman should see a midwife within the first 13 weeks into her pregnancy, in what is known as the 'booking appointment' or the 'full assessment' where she discusses with the midwife her care plan, medical and family histories and social circumstances. Significant numbers of black African women present after 13 weeks into the pregnancy. This study explores why black African women access the booking appointment after 13 weeks of pregnancy in a London borough...
October 10, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893298/learning-from-returnee-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-a-qualitative-assessment-to-reduce-the-risk-of-human-trafficking
#10
Joanna Busza, Sehin Teferra, Serawit Omer, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: International migration has become a global political priority, with growing concern about the scale of human trafficking, hazardous work conditions, and resulting psychological and physical morbidity among migrants. Ethiopia remains a significant "source" country for female domestic workers to the Middle East and Gulf States, despite widespread reports of exploitation and abuse. Prior to introduction of a "safe migration" intervention, we conducted formative research to elicit lessons learned by women who had worked as domestic workers abroad...
September 11, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874079/migration-agency-and-the-sex-industry-practitioners-perspectives-on-foreign-sex-workers-in-turkey
#11
Omur Kaya, Edna Erez
The article presents the political, economic, and sociocultural factors that make Turkey an attractive destination for foreign sex workers, and reviews trends in official statistics of arrested traffickers, rescued victims, and deportation of migrant illegal sex workers. In-depth interviews of 20 law enforcement and nongovernmental organizations staff members, who in the course of their work come into close contact with foreign sex workers, shed light on the statistics. The interview data provide insights into the structure of the Turkish sex market, the factors that bring foreign women to work in this market, and the impact of legal reforms on the circumstances of foreign sex workers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#12
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803393/challenges-and-opportunities-for-occupational-epidemiology-in-the-twenty-first-century
#13
REVIEW
L T Stayner, J J Collins, Y L Guo, D Heederik, M Kogevinas, K Steenland, C Wesseling, P A Demers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are many opportunities and challenges for conducting occupational epidemiologic studies today. In this paper, we summarize the discussion of a symposium held at the Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPICOH) conference, Chicago 2014, on challenges for occupational epidemiology in the twenty-first century. RECENT FINDINGS: The increasing number of publications and attendance at our conferences suggests that worldwide interest in occupational epidemiology has been growing...
September 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751786/political-motivations-for-intra-european-migration
#14
Susanne Bygnes, Aurore Flipo
Motivations for migrating within the European Union have mainly been attributed to economic, career and lifestyle choices. This article suggests that political dissatisfaction is also an important motivator of recent intra-European migration. In our analysis of in-depth interviews with Romanian migrants in Spain and with Spanish migrants in Norway, we found a common emphasis on the political dimensions of their decision to migrate. In the interviews, the economic component of migration was often related to bad governance and negative perceptions of the state...
August 2017: Acta Sociologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739838/unravelling-migrants-health-paradoxes-a-transdisciplinary-research-agenda
#15
REVIEW
Maria Roura
The Social Determinants of Health literature has consistently found that a higher socioeconomic status is associated with better health outcomes even after adjusting for traditional risk factors. However, research findings in the field of Migrants' Health suggest that the socioeconomic/health gradient does not always behave as expected for migrants and their descendants. The mismatch of findings in these two long-standing parallel research traditions is exemplified by frequent reports of paradoxical findings in the scientific literature: the healthy migrant paradox, the ethnic density paradox and the diminishing returns paradox...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596711/framing-migration-and-the-process-of-crimmigration-a-systematic-analysis-of-the-media-representation-of-unauthorized-immigrants-in-the-netherlands
#16
Jelmer Brouwer, Maartje van der Woude, Joanne van der Leun
In this article we examine whether the proposal to criminalize illegal stay in the Netherlands was preceded by increased negative media attention for unauthorized immigrants. Using a corpus linguistics approach, we carried out a quantitative discourse analysis of all newspaper articles on unauthorized migrants over a period of 15 years. Our results show that the amount of media coverage actually strongly decreased in the years before the proposal, and this coverage was moreover increasingly less negative. This study thus nuances the somewhat popular belief that unauthorized migrants are increasingly portrayed in negative ways and shows that the framing of migrants as criminals is a more diffuse process in which the media seem to follow rather than fuel politics and policy...
January 2017: European Journal of Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492419/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-and-antigens-against-hepatitis-a-e-viruses-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-germany-in-2015
#17
Alexandra Jablonka, Philipp Solbach, Michael Wöbse, Michael P Manns, Reinhold E Schmidt, Heiner Wedemeyer, Markus Cornberg, Georg M N Behrens, Svenja Hardtke
BACKGROUND: Migration because of miscellaneous political crises in countries in the Middle East and Africa is a global challenge for whole Europe from an economic, social, and public health view. There is an urgent need to generate comprehensive, evidence-based data to expedite further screening and vaccination strategies. METHODS: A total of 604 individuals ranging in age from 2 to 68 years who enrolled at a single reception center were tested for the prevalence of serologic markers for hepatitis virus types A, B, C, D, and E (HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV, HEV), respectively...
August 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482955/an-overview-of-tuberculosis-and-migration
#18
P Dhavan, H M Dias, J Creswell, D Weil
With nearly one billion migrants worldwide, migration is both a dynamic and a divisive phenomenon facing the world today. Migrants are a heterogeneous group, and the conditions surrounding migration pathways often pose risks to the physical, mental and social well-being of migrants, with certain subgroups being more vulnerable than others. Several determinants of health and tuberculosis (TB) interplay to increase the vulnerability of migrants to tuberculous infection, TB disease and poor treatment outcomes, making them a key population for TB...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463722/transnationalism-and-health-a-systematic-literature-review-on-the-use-of-transnationalism-in-the-study-of-the-health-practices-and-behaviors-of-migrants
#19
REVIEW
Laura Villa-Torres, Tonatiuh González-Vázquez, Paul J Fleming, Edgar Leonel González-González, César Infante-Xibille, Rebecca Chavez, Clare Barrington
Transnationalism explores social, economic and political processes that occur beyond national borders and has been widely used in migration studies. We conducted a systematic review to explore if and how transnationalism has been used to study migrants' health and what a transnational perspective contributes to understanding health practices and behaviors of transnational migrants. We identified 26 empirical studies published in peer-reviewed journals that included a transnational perspective to study migrants' health practices and behaviors...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392746/social-ties-and-embeddedness-in-old-age-older-turkish-labour-migrants-in-vienna
#20
Monika Palmberger
This paper focuses on older Turkish labour migrants and their spouses, who mostly came to Vienna as young adults in the 1960s and thereafter. They are now entering retirement age and constitute a significant part of Vienna's older population. I analyse their understandings of transnational ageing, their social ties and feelings of social embeddedness. For those still mobile, active participation in one of Vienna's Turkish cultural/religious/political associations is identified as a particular source of social embeddedness...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
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