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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913312/crossborder-travel-and-multidrugresistant-tuberculosis-mdrtb-in-europe
#1
Alberto Matteelli, Rosella Centis, Giorgia Sulis, Marina Tadolini
The number of international migrants worldwide has continued to grow rapidly over the past fifteen years and the trend is expected to continue, making the health matters associated with migration a crucial public health challenges faced by governments and societies. Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis is a paradigm of transmissible diseases that do not respect borders and poses a multifaceted and complex challenge on migrant health. The guiding principles for the health response are the respect of equity and human rights as well as the accurate analysis of epidemiological trends and determinants of TB in migrants...
November 29, 2016: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803264/cross-border-ties-as-sources-of-risk-and-resilience-do-cross-border-ties-moderate-the-relationship-between-migration-related-stress-and-psychological-distress-for-latino-migrants-in-the-united-states
#2
Jacqueline M Torres, Carmela Alcántara, Kara E Rudolph, Edna A Viruell-Fuentes
Few studies have examined the associations between health and the cross-border ties that migrants maintain with their family members in communities of origin. We draw on theory related to social ties, ethnic identity, and mental health to examine cross-border ties as potential moderators of the association between migration-related stress and psychological distress among Latino migrants. Using data from the National Latino and Asian American Survey, we find that remittance sending is associated with significantly lower levels of psychological distress for Cuban migrants, and difficulty visiting home is associated with significantly greater psychological distress for Puerto Rican migrants...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782843/discrimination-related-health-inequality-and-role-of-social-capital-among-marriage-migrant-women-in-south-korea
#3
Chang-O Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate whether social capital could alleviate health inequality against racial discrimination and identify the critical nature of social capital that generates health inequality differences within the social context of South Korea. METHODS: Using the data of the 2009 National Survey of Multicultural Families, a nationally representative sample in which 40,430 foreign wives participated, the concentration index (CI) was used to measure the discrimination-related inequalities in self-rated health and was decomposed into contributing factors...
October 26, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721512/why-border-enforcement-backfired
#4
Douglas S Massey, Jorge Durand, Karen A Pren
In this article we undertake a systematic analysis of why border enforcement backfired as a strategy of immigration control in the United States. We argue theoretically that border enforcement emerged as a policy response to a moral panic about the perceived threat of Latino immigration to the United States propounded by self-interested bureaucrats, politicians, and pundits who sought to mobilize political and material resources for their own benefit. The end result was a self-perpetuating cycle of rising enforcement and increased apprehensions that resulted in the militarization of the border in a way that was disconnected from the actual size of the undocumented flow...
March 2016: AJS; American Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716398/challenges-in-and-lessons-learned-during-the-implementation-of-the-1-3-7-malaria-surveillance-and-response-strategy-in-china-a-qualitative-study
#5
Guangyu Lu, Yaobao Liu, Claudia Beiersmann, Yu Feng, Jun Cao, Olaf Müller
BACKGROUND: China has made great progress in malaria control over the last century and now aims to eliminate malaria by 2020. In 2012, the country launched its 1-3-7 surveillance and response strategy for malaria elimination. The strategy involves to case reporting within 1 day, case investigation within 3 days, and focus investigation and public health actions within 7 days. The aim of this study was to evaluate the challenges in and lessons learned during the implementation of the 1-3-7 strategy in China so far...
October 5, 2016: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666134/the-work-of-inscription-antenatal-care-birth-documents-and-shan-migrant-women-in-chiang-mai
#6
Bo Kyeong Seo
For transnational migrant populations, securing birth documents of newly born children has crucial importance in avoiding statelessness for new generations. Drawing on discussions of sovereignty and political subjectivization, I ask how the fact of birth is constituted in the context of transnational migration. Based on ethnographic data collected from an antenatal clinic in Thailand, this article describes how Shan migrant women from Burma (Myanmar) utilize reproductive health services as a way of assuring a safe birth while acquiring identification documents...
September 26, 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643683/stature-signals-status-the-association-of-stature-status-and-perceived-dominance-a-thought-experiment
#7
Michael Hermanussen, Christiane Scheffler
Background: There is a common perception that tall stature results in social dominance. Evidence in meerkats suggests that social dominance itself may be a strong stimulus for growth. Relative size serves as the signal for individuals to induce strategic growth adjustments. Aim: We construct a thought experiment to explore the potential consequences of the question: is stature a social signal also in humans? We hypothesize that (1) upward trends in height in the lower social strata are perceived as social challenges yielding similar though attenuated upward trends in the dominant strata, and that (2) democratization, but also periods of political turmoil that facilitate upward mobility of the lower strata, are accompanied by upward trends in height...
September 9, 2016: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611112/unmasking-the-enterprising-nurse-migrant-care-workers-and-the-discursive-mobilisation-of-productive-professionals
#8
Antero Olakivi
Public care work organisations in Northern Europe often seek to increase their economic efficiency in ways that care workers criticise for reducing both their professional autonomy and the quality of care. Recently, the ideal of 'enterprising nursing' has emerged as a political belief according to which economic efficiency, care workers' autonomy and the quality of care can be improved in tandem by cultivating care workers' agential abilities. This article examines the reception of this belief among migrant care workers in Finland...
September 9, 2016: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27398085/a-missing-element-in-migration-theories
#9
Douglas S Massey
From the mid-1950s through the mid1980s, migration between Mexico and the United States constituted a stable system whose contours were shaped by social and economic conditions well-theorized by prevailing models of migration. It evolved as a mostly circular movement of male workers going to a handful of U.S. states in response to changing conditions of labor supply and demand north and south of the border, relative wages prevailing in each nation, market failures and structural economic changes in Mexico, and the expansion of migrant networks following processes specified by neoclassical economics, segmented labor market theory, the new economics of labor migration, social capital theory, world systems theory, and theoretical models of state behavior...
September 2015: Migration Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27365339/human-resources-for-health-challenges-in-nigeria-and-nurse-migration
#10
Bukola Salami, Foluke O Dada, Folake E Adelakun
The emigration of sub-Saharan African health professionals to developed Western nations is an aspect of increasing global mobility. This article focuses on the human resources for health challenges in Nigeria and the emigration of nurses from Nigeria as the country faces mounting human resources for health challenges. Human resources for health issues in Nigeria contribute to poor population health in the country, alongside threats from terrorism, infectious disease outbreaks, and political corruption. Health inequities within Nigeria mirror the geographical disparities in human resources for health distribution and are worsened by the emigration of Nigerian nurses to developed countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom...
May 2016: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27339456/pathogens-prejudice-and-politics-the-role-of-the-global-health-community-in-the-european-refugee-crisis
#11
REVIEW
Mishal S Khan, Anna Osei-Kofi, Abbas Omar, Hilary Kirkbride, Anthony Kessel, Aula Abbara, David Heymann, Alimuddin Zumla, Osman Dar
Involuntary migration is a crucially important global challenge from an economic, social, and public health perspective. The number of displaced people reached an unprecedented level in 2015, at a total of 60 million worldwide, with more than 1 million crossing into Europe in the past year alone. Migrants and refugees are often perceived to carry a higher load of infectious diseases, despite no systematic association. We propose three important contributions that the global health community can make to help address infectious disease risks and global health inequalities worldwide, with a particular focus on the refugee crisis in Europe...
August 2016: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27246329/modern-contraceptive-use-among-migrant-and-non-migrant-women-in-kenya
#12
Rhoune Ochako, Ian Askew, Jerry Okal, John Oucho, Marleen Temmerman
BACKGROUND: Manifest socio-economic differences are a trigger for internal migration in many sub-Saharan settings including Kenya. An interplay of the social, political and economic factors often lead to internal migration. Internal migration potentially has significant consequences on an individual's economic growth and on access to health services, however, there has been little research on these dynamics. In Kenya, where regional differentials in population growth and poverty reduction continue to be priorities in the post MDG development agenda, understanding the relationships between contraceptive use and internal migration is highly relevant...
June 1, 2016: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27154972/traumatic-pasts-and-the-historical-imagination-symptoms-of-loss-postcolonial-suffering-and-counter-memories-among-african-migrants
#13
Roberto Beneduce
This work aims to rethink the relationship between anthropology and cultural psychiatry from a historical perspective, through reflections on the dynamics of forgetting and remembering in the context of migration. While migrants' symptoms often bear cultural hallmarks of suffering, they also reveal images of a traumatic history, which resurface in moments of danger, uncertainty, and crisis. I claim these symptoms are allegories of a dispossessed past, and can be interpreted as counter-memories, as "palimpsests" of an eclipsed script...
June 2016: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966968/reporting-mental-health-problems-of-undocumented-migrants-in-greece-a-qualitative-exploration
#14
Erik Teunissen, Alexandra Tsaparas, Aristoula Saridaki, Maria Trigoni, Evelyn van Weel-Baumgarten, Chris van Weel, Maria van den Muijsenbergh, Christos Lionis
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are highly prevalent amongst undocumented migrants (UMs), and often part of their consultations with general practitioners (GPs). Little empirical data are available of how GPs and UMs engage around mental health in Greece, a country with a lack of balance between primary and secondary care and limited healthcare provisions for UMs. OBJECTIVES: To acquire insight in the barriers and levers in the provision of mental healthcare for UMs by GPs in Greece...
June 2016: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26818491/huichol-migrant-laborers-and-pesticides-structural-violence-and-cultural-confounders
#15
Jennie Gamlin
Every year, around two thousand Huichol families migrate from their homelands in the highlands of northwestern Mexico to the coastal region of Nayarit State, where they are employed on small plantations to pick and thread tobacco leaves. During their four-month stay, they live, work, eat, and sleep in the open air next to the tobacco fields, exposing themselves to an unknown cocktail of pesticides all day, every day. In this article, I describe how these indigenous migrants are more at risk to pesticides because historical and contemporary structural factors ensure that they live and work in the way of harm...
September 2016: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26792300/understanding-healthcare-and-population-mobility-in-southern-africa-the-case-of-south-africa
#16
EDITORIAL
Helen L Walls, Jo Vearey, Moeketsi Modisenyane, Candice M Chetty-Makkan, Salome Charalambous, Richard D Smith, Johanna Hanefeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26757725/from-exceptional-to-liminal-subjects-reconciling-tensions-in-the-politics-of-tuberculosis-and-migration
#17
Jed Horner
Controlling the movement of potentially infectious bodies has been central to Australian immigration law. Nowhere is this more evident than in relation to tuberculosis (TB), which is named as a ground for refusal of a visa in the Australian context. In this paper, I critically examine the "will to knowledge" that this gives rise to. Drawing on a critical analysis of texts, including interviews with migrants diagnosed with TB and healthcare professionals engaged in their care (n=19), I argue that this focus on border policing, rather than resettlement and the broader social determinants of health that drive current rates of TB, paradoxically renders migrants diagnosed with TB as liminal subjects in the post-arrival phase...
March 2016: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26652910/diaspora-engagement-of-african-migrant-health-workers-examples-from-five-destination-countries
#18
Silvia Wojczewski, Annelien Poppe, Kathryn Hoffmann, Wim Peersman, Oathokwa Nkomazana, Stephen Pentz, Ruth Kutalek
BACKGROUND: Migrant health workers fill care gaps in their destination countries, but they also actively engage in improving living conditions for people of their countries of origin through expatriate professional networks. This paper aims to explore the professional links that migrant health workers from sub-Saharan African countries living in five African and European destinations (Botswana, South Africa, Belgium, Austria, and the United Kingdom) have to their countries of origin. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews were conducted with migrant doctors, nurses, and midwives from sub-Saharan Africa (N=66)...
2015: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26552014/migration-as-a-social-determinant-of-health-for-irregular-migrants-israel-as-case-study
#19
Yonina Fleischman, Sarah S Willen, Nadav Davidovitch, Zohar Mor
More than 150,000 irregular migrants reside in Israel, yet data regarding their utilization of and perceived barriers to health care services are limited. Drawing on semi-structured interviews conducted with 35 irregular migrant adults between January and September 2012, this article analyzes the role of migration as a social determinant of health for irregular migrants, and especially asylum seekers. We analyze two kinds of barriers faced by migrants when they attempt to access health care services: barriers resulting directly from their migration status, and barriers that are common among low-income communities but exacerbated by this status...
December 2015: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26518226/social-factors-ameliorate-psychiatric-disorders-in-community-based-asylum-seekers-independent-of-visa-status
#20
Debbie C Hocking, Gerard A Kennedy, Suresh Sundram
The impact of industrialised host nations' deterrent immigration policies on the mental health of forced migrants has not been well characterised. The present study investigated the impact of Australia's refugee determination process (RDP) on psychiatric morbidity in community-based asylum-seekers (AS) and refugees. Psychiatric morbidity was predicted to be greater in AS than refugees, and to persist or increase as a function of time in the RDP. The effect on mental health of demographic and socio-political factors such as health cover and work rights were also investigated...
December 15, 2015: Psychiatry Research
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