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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040505/late-booking-amongst-african-women-in-a-london-borough-england-implications-for-health-promotion
#1
Martha J Chinouya, Cathrine Madziva
The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidance is that a pregnant woman should see a midwife within the first 13 weeks into her pregnancy, in what is known as the 'booking appointment' or the 'full assessment' where she discusses with the midwife her care plan, medical and family histories and social circumstances. Significant numbers of black African women present after 13 weeks into the pregnancy. This study explores why black African women access the booking appointment after 13 weeks of pregnancy in a London borough...
October 10, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893298/learning-from-returnee-ethiopian-migrant-domestic-workers-a-qualitative-assessment-to-reduce-the-risk-of-human-trafficking
#2
Joanna Busza, Sehin Teferra, Serawit Omer, Cathy Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: International migration has become a global political priority, with growing concern about the scale of human trafficking, hazardous work conditions, and resulting psychological and physical morbidity among migrants. Ethiopia remains a significant "source" country for female domestic workers to the Middle East and Gulf States, despite widespread reports of exploitation and abuse. Prior to introduction of a "safe migration" intervention, we conducted formative research to elicit lessons learned by women who had worked as domestic workers abroad...
September 11, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874079/migration-agency-and-the-sex-industry-practitioners-perspectives-on-foreign-sex-workers-in-turkey
#3
Omur Kaya, Edna Erez
The article presents the political, economic, and sociocultural factors that make Turkey an attractive destination for foreign sex workers, and reviews trends in official statistics of arrested traffickers, rescued victims, and deportation of migrant illegal sex workers. In-depth interviews of 20 law enforcement and nongovernmental organizations staff members, who in the course of their work come into close contact with foreign sex workers, shed light on the statistics. The interview data provide insights into the structure of the Turkish sex market, the factors that bring foreign women to work in this market, and the impact of legal reforms on the circumstances of foreign sex workers...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805124/migration-violence-and-the-role-of-psychiatry-in-italy
#4
Antonio Ventriglio, Antonello Bellomo, Giovanna Vitrani, Eleonora Stella, Alessandro Gentile, Dinesh Bhugra
Immigration to Italy has been increasing exponentially in the last decades due to the international political changes and conflicts in the Middle East. The relationship between immigration and crimes is a debated issue, and violent radicalization of second or third generations of migrants is under increased scrutiny. Consequently, many politicians and political parties use nationalist and xenophobic language. Inevitably, this will have an impact on reactions of the larger population, as well as that of migrants...
August 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803393/challenges-and-opportunities-for-occupational-epidemiology-in-the-twenty-first-century
#5
REVIEW
L T Stayner, J J Collins, Y L Guo, D Heederik, M Kogevinas, K Steenland, C Wesseling, P A Demers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are many opportunities and challenges for conducting occupational epidemiologic studies today. In this paper, we summarize the discussion of a symposium held at the Epidemiology in Occupational Health (EPICOH) conference, Chicago 2014, on challenges for occupational epidemiology in the twenty-first century. RECENT FINDINGS: The increasing number of publications and attendance at our conferences suggests that worldwide interest in occupational epidemiology has been growing...
August 12, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751786/political-motivations-for-intra-european-migration
#6
Susanne Bygnes, Aurore Flipo
Motivations for migrating within the European Union have mainly been attributed to economic, career and lifestyle choices. This article suggests that political dissatisfaction is also an important motivator of recent intra-European migration. In our analysis of in-depth interviews with Romanian migrants in Spain and with Spanish migrants in Norway, we found a common emphasis on the political dimensions of their decision to migrate. In the interviews, the economic component of migration was often related to bad governance and negative perceptions of the state...
August 2017: Acta Sociologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739838/unravelling-migrants-health-paradoxes-a-transdisciplinary-research-agenda
#7
REVIEW
Maria Roura
The Social Determinants of Health literature has consistently found that a higher socioeconomic status is associated with better health outcomes even after adjusting for traditional risk factors. However, research findings in the field of Migrants' Health suggest that the socioeconomic/health gradient does not always behave as expected for migrants and their descendants. The mismatch of findings in these two long-standing parallel research traditions is exemplified by frequent reports of paradoxical findings in the scientific literature: the healthy migrant paradox, the ethnic density paradox and the diminishing returns paradox...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596711/framing-migration-and-the-process-of-crimmigration-a-systematic-analysis-of-the-media-representation-of-unauthorized-immigrants-in-the-netherlands
#8
Jelmer Brouwer, Maartje van der Woude, Joanne van der Leun
In this article we examine whether the proposal to criminalize illegal stay in the Netherlands was preceded by increased negative media attention for unauthorized immigrants. Using a corpus linguistics approach, we carried out a quantitative discourse analysis of all newspaper articles on unauthorized migrants over a period of 15 years. Our results show that the amount of media coverage actually strongly decreased in the years before the proposal, and this coverage was moreover increasingly less negative. This study thus nuances the somewhat popular belief that unauthorized migrants are increasingly portrayed in negative ways and shows that the framing of migrants as criminals is a more diffuse process in which the media seem to follow rather than fuel politics and policy...
January 2017: Eur J Criminol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492419/seroprevalence-of-antibodies-and-antigens-against-hepatitis-a-e-viruses-in-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-in-germany-in-2015
#9
Alexandra Jablonka, Philipp Solbach, Michael Wöbse, Michael P Manns, Reinhold E Schmidt, Heiner Wedemeyer, Markus Cornberg, Georg M N Behrens, Svenja Hardtke
BACKGROUND: Migration because of miscellaneous political crises in countries in the Middle East and Africa is a global challenge for whole Europe from an economic, social, and public health view. There is an urgent need to generate comprehensive, evidence-based data to expedite further screening and vaccination strategies. METHODS: A total of 604 individuals ranging in age from 2 to 68 years who enrolled at a single reception center were tested for the prevalence of serologic markers for hepatitis virus types A, B, C, D, and E (HAV, HBV, HCV, HDV, HEV), respectively...
August 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482955/an-overview-of-tuberculosis-and-migration
#10
P Dhavan, H M Dias, J Creswell, D Weil
With nearly one billion migrants worldwide, migration is both a dynamic and a divisive phenomenon facing the world today. Migrants are a heterogeneous group, and the conditions surrounding migration pathways often pose risks to the physical, mental and social well-being of migrants, with certain subgroups being more vulnerable than others. Several determinants of health and tuberculosis (TB) interplay to increase the vulnerability of migrants to tuberculous infection, TB disease and poor treatment outcomes, making them a key population for TB...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463722/transnationalism-and-health-a-systematic-literature-review-on-the-use-of-transnationalism-in-the-study-of-the-health-practices-and-behaviors-of-migrants
#11
REVIEW
Laura Villa-Torres, Tonatiuh González-Vázquez, Paul J Fleming, Edgar Leonel González-González, César Infante-Xibille, Rebecca Chavez, Clare Barrington
Transnationalism explores social, economic and political processes that occur beyond national borders and has been widely used in migration studies. We conducted a systematic review to explore if and how transnationalism has been used to study migrants' health and what a transnational perspective contributes to understanding health practices and behaviors of transnational migrants. We identified 26 empirical studies published in peer-reviewed journals that included a transnational perspective to study migrants' health practices and behaviors...
June 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392746/social-ties-and-embeddedness-in-old-age-older-turkish-labour-migrants-in-vienna
#12
Monika Palmberger
This paper focuses on older Turkish labour migrants and their spouses, who mostly came to Vienna as young adults in the 1960s and thereafter. They are now entering retirement age and constitute a significant part of Vienna's older population. I analyse their understandings of transnational ageing, their social ties and feelings of social embeddedness. For those still mobile, active participation in one of Vienna's Turkish cultural/religious/political associations is identified as a particular source of social embeddedness...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351293/the-synergy-of-the-refugee-crisis-and-the-financial-crisis-in-greece-impact-on-mental-health
#13
Dimitris C Anagnostopoulos, George Giannakopoulos, Nikos G Christodoulou
BACKGROUND: The current global financial crisis that started in 2008 resulted in a significant decline in global trade, slowing/reversing economic growth worldwide, and a dramatic increase in public sector debt. At the same time, the global migrant/refugee crisis has reached extreme rates, with millions of people being forced to abandon their homes and communities because of war, political violence or related threats. There is a broad consensus about the deleterious consequences of these crises on psychological well-being, depression, anxiety disorders, insomnia, alcohol abuse and suicidal behavior...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350334/conceptions-of-contraceptive-use-in-rural-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-lessons-for-programming
#14
Catherine Ndinda, Tidings Ndhlovu, Nene Ernest Khalema
Community family planning programmes in South Africa arose from the controversial apartheid history of controlling the African population while encouraging the growth of European migrant population. Post-apartheid population policies shifted away from population control to aligning policies to the global agenda that placed emphasis on the link between population and development. The focus on population and development polices in post-apartheid South Africa is on social equality, justice and peace rather than controlling sections of the population...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340149/individual-and-regional-determinants-for-physical-therapy-utilization-in-germany-multilevel-analysis-of-national-survey-data
#15
Alexander Rommel, Lars Eric Kroll
Background: Physical therapy is included in many clinical guidelines and is a commonly used health service. However, access to its benefits should not strongly depend on social or demographic factors. Objective: The present study used the Andersen model to explain to what extent physical therapy utilization in Germany depends on factors beyond medical need. Methods: The German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS, 2008-2011; target population, 18-79 years) is part of the German health-monitoring system...
May 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324794/the-socio-political-context-of-migration-and-reproductive-health-disparities-the-case-of-early-sexual-initiation-among-mexican-origin-immigrant-young-women
#16
Kate Coleman-Minahan
Prior research often explains the lower risk of early sexual initiation among foreign-born Mexican-origin young women by a patriarchal and sexually conservative "traditional Latino culture." This definition overlooks structural factors such as exploitation of migrant workers, and conflates gender inequality and sexual expectations. I use an intersectional framework and the theory of gender and power to explore how gender inequality and sexual expectations are both influenced by structural factors and affect reproductive health outcomes...
May 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271847/syndemic-vulnerability-and-the-right-to-health
#17
REVIEW
Sarah S Willen, Michael Knipper, César E Abadía-Barrero, Nadav Davidovitch
Investigators working both in syndemics, a field of applied health research with roots in medical anthropology, and in the field of health and human rights recognise that upstream social, political, and structural determinants contribute more to health inequities than do biological factors or personal choices. Syndemics investigates synergistic, often deleterious interactions among comorbid health conditions, especially under circumstances of structural and political adversity. Health and human rights research draws on international law to argue that all people deserve access not only to health care, but also to the underlying determinants of good health...
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256381/breaking-the-barriers-migrants-and-tuberculosis
#18
REVIEW
Giovanni Sotgiu, Masoud Dara, Rosella Centis, Alberto Matteelli, Ivan Solovic, Christina Gratziou, Adrian Rendon, Giovanni Battista Migliori
Tuberculosis (TB) can represent an important clinical and public health in developing and developed countries. Low- and middle-income countries are facing an epidemic which is difficult to address because of the drug-resistance spread and the association of TB with HIV/AIDS. High-income countries, whose TB incidence has decreased in the last decades, can be involved in new TB epidemic waves owing to social, healthcare, and economic hurdles and challenges. In particular, migrants coming from high TB incidence countries can represent a new epidemiological issue in the TB care and control in geographical areas where primary care and specialized centres are not equipped to face the clinical and public health issues associated with the TB disease...
March 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236689/do-attitudes-and-behavior-of-health-care-professionals-exacerbate-health-care-disparities-among-immigrant-and-ethnic-minority-groups-an-integrative-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Daniel Drewniak, Tanja Krones, Verina Wild
OBJECTIVES: Recent investigations of ethnicity related disparities in health care have focused on the contribution of providers' implicit biases. A significant effect on health care outcomes is suggested, but the results are mixed. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to provide an overview and synthesize the current empirical research on the potential influence of health care professionals' attitudes and behaviors towards ethnic minority patients on health care disparities...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137257/-foreigners-ethnic-minorities-and-non-western-allochtoons-an-analysis-of-the-development-of-ethnicity-in-health-policy-in-the-netherlands-from-1970-to-2015
#20
Alana Helberg-Proctor, Agnes Meershoek, Anja Krumeich, Klasien Horstman
BACKGROUND: The Netherlands, because of the sustained and systematic attention it paid to migrant and minority health issues during the last quarter of the twentieth century, has been depicted as being progressive in its approach to healthcare for migrants and minorities. Recently, however, these progressive policies have changed, reflecting a trend towards problematising issues of integration in order to focus on the responsibilities that migrants and ethnic minorities bear in terms of their health...
January 31, 2017: BMC Public Health
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