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Heart disease prevention

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792314/severe-and-predominantly-active-atopic-eczema-in-adulthood-and-long-term-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Richard J Silverwood, Harriet J Forbes, Katrina Abuabara, Anna Ascott, Morten Schmidt, Sigrún A J Schmidt, Liam Smeeth, Sinéad M Langan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether adults with atopic eczema are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and whether the risk varies by atopic eczema severity and condition activity over time. DESIGN: Population based matched cohort study. SETTING: UK electronic health records from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink, Hospital Episode Statistics, and data from the Office for National Statistics, 1998-2015. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with a diagnosis of atopic eczema, matched (on age, sex, general practice, and calendar time) to up to five patients without atopic eczema...
May 23, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792202/the-effects-of-a-lifestyle-focused-text-messaging-intervention-on-adherence-to-dietary-guideline-recommendations-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-disease-an-analysis-of-the-text-me-study
#2
Karla Santo, Karice Hyun, Laura de Keizer, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Graham S Hillis, John Chalmers, Julie Redfern, Clara K Chow
BACKGROUND: A healthy diet is an important component of secondary prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD). The TEXT ME study was a randomised clinical trial of people with CHD that were randomised into standard care or a text-message programme in addition to standard care. This analysis aimed to: 1) assess the effects of the intervention onadherence to the dietary guideline recommendations; 2) assess the consistency of effect across sub-groups; and 3) assess whether adherence to the dietary guideline recommendations mediated the improvements in objective clinical outcomes...
May 23, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789336/illness-identity-a-novel-predictor-for-healthcare-use-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#3
Liesbet Van Bulck, Eva Goossens, Koen Luyckx, Leen Oris, Silke Apers, Philip Moons
BACKGROUND: To optimize healthcare use of adults with congenital heart disease, all important predictors of healthcare utilization should be identified. Clinical and psychological characteristics (eg, age and depression) have been found to be associated with healthcare use. However, the concept of illness identity, which assesses the degree to which congenital heart disease is integrated into one's identity, has not yet been investigated in association with healthcare use. Hence, the purpose of the study is to examine the predictive value of illness identity for healthcare use...
May 22, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789210/should-first-blood-pressure-measurement-be-performed-in-the-newborn
#4
Inês Alves, Tânia Martins, Ana Luísa Neves, Esmeralda Rodrigues, Ana Teixeira, Caldas Afonso, Helena Pinto
Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common form of cardiomyopathy and the main cause of cardiac transplantation in children and in adults. Infants and children have a wider spectrum of etiologies, hampering their identification. The most frequent initial manifestation of dilated cardiomyopathy is symptomatic heart failure during exercise or at rest (although many patients are asymptomatic). Some causes are potentially reversible, therefore the investigation should be carefully planned and immediately performed after diagnosis...
May 19, 2018: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789131/randomized-trials-of-replacing-saturated-fatty-acids-with-n-6-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-coronary-heart-disease-prevention-not-the-gold-standard
#5
REVIEW
Jyrki K Virtanen
Several trials in the 1950s through 1970s tested the hypothesis that replacing saturated fat in the diet predominantly with n-6 polyunsaturated fat (PUFA) would reduce the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD), mainly through modifying blood lipid profile. Most of these trials did observe a reduction in serum total cholesterol in the intervention group, but many trials failed to find a significant reduction in the incidence of CHD. However, some meta-analyses have found a reduced incidence of CHD by pooling the results from the trials...
June 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788848/-sports-in-patients-with-heart-disease-what-should-be-recommended
#6
Valentina Alice Rossi, Christian M Schmied, David Niederseer
Sports in Patients with Heart Disease: What Should Be Recommended? Abstract. Sports is recommended in the European guidelines for the prevention and initial treatment of many cardiovascular diseases as well as the metabolic syndrome. However, the individually recommended intensity and duration of physical activity that unfolds the maximal protective effects in terms of prevention, largely differs. Indeed, a J-curve relationship with regard to exercise training has been postulated, with the assumption that too much sports is equally harmful or potentially even more harmful than too little sports...
2018: Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786848/annual-report-to-the-nation-on-the-status-of-cancer-part-i-national-cancer-statistics
#7
Kathleen A Cronin, Andrew J Lake, Susan Scott, Recinda L Sherman, Anne-Michelle Noone, Nadia Howlader, S Jane Henley, Robert N Anderson, Albert U Firth, Jiemin Ma, Betsy A Kohler, Ahmedin Jemal
BACKGROUND: The American Cancer Society (ACS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the North American Association of Central Cancer Registries (NAACCR) collaborate to provide annual updates on cancer occurrence and trends in the United States. METHODS: Incidence data were obtained from the CDC-funded and NCI-funded population-based cancer registry programs and compiled by NAACCR. Data on cancer deaths were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System...
May 22, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785212/reduction-of-vascular-inflammation-ldl-c-or-both-for-the-protection-from-cardiovascular-events
#8
REVIEW
Andromachi Reklou, Michael Doumas, Konstantinos Imprialos, Konstantinos Stavropoulos, Dimitris Patoulias, Vasilios G Athyros
Background: Low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and low grade arterial inflammation are key pathogenic factors for atherosclerosis and its manifestation, cardiovascular disease (CVD). Objective: In this narrative review we assessed if decreasing LDL-C levels or inflammation or both is more effective in reducing CVD events. Results: In the Scandinavian Simvastatin Survival Study (4S), all statin trials of the 90s' and the Further Cardiovascular Outcomes Research with PCSK9 Inhibition in Subjects with Elevated Risk (FOURIER) the benefit came from the LDL-C reduction...
2018: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784533/long-qt-syndrome-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature-and-current-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Syed Raza Shah, Ki Park
Long QT syndrome (LQT) represents a heterogeneous family of cardiac electrophysiologic disorders characterized by QT prolongation and T-wave abnormalities on the electrocardiogram. It is commonly associated with syncope, however, sudden cardiac death can occur due to torsades de pointes. LQT is a clinical diagnosis and should be suspected in individuals on the basis of clinical presentation, family history and electrocardiogram characteristics. Management is focused on the prevention of syncope and ultimately sudden death...
May 10, 2018: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783678/smoking-blood-pressure-and-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-in-a-large-cohort-of-chinese-men-with-15-years-follow-up
#10
Jibin Tan, Xiumin Zhang, Weihua Wang, Peng Yin, Xiaomin Guo, Maigeng Zhou
BACKGROUND: To examine the joint effects of smoking and blood pressure on the risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a cohort of Chinese men. METHODS: This study followed a cohort of 213,221 men over 40 years of age who were recruited from 45 district/counties across China between 1990⁻1991, and whose cause-specific mortality was examined for 15 years, up to 31 December 2005. We calculated hazard ratios for all-cause mortality and CVD, ischemic heart disease (IHD), and stroke mortality for the combined sets of smoking status and blood pressure levels using the Cox proportional hazard model, adjusting for potential individual-level and contextual-level risk factors...
May 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783560/re-long-term-effects-of-statins-blood-pressure-lowering-and-both-on-erectile-function-in-persons-at-intermediate-risk-for-cardiovascular-disease-a-substudy-of-the-heart-outcomes-prevention-evaluation-3-hope-3-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783249/prognosis-of-ischaemic-heart-disease-in-patients-with-newly-diagnosed-dm-type-2-by-logistic-regression
#12
Alina Urbanovych, Halyna Suslyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) type 2 is an important medical and social problem all around the world. One of the most serious and widespread complications of DM type 2 is a damage to the cardiovascular system. The aim was to study the way of how to predict the IHD development in patients with the newly diagnosed DM type 2 by building a mathematical model with the help of statistical method, in particular, a logistic regression, which allows predicting the occurrence of IHD by the levels of proven biochemical and anthropometric indices...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783215/the-changes-of-some-bioregulators-and-gas-transmitters-in-patients-with-hypertonic-disease-under-the-influence-of-physical-loading
#13
Iryna S Dronyk, Ostap H Yavorsky, Olexandr Y Sklyarov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays arterial hypertension is supposed to be a pathogenetic factor of numerous cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and 18% cases of the preterm death. Due to the data of the American Heart Association in 77% of patients, who had stroke, the arterial pressure overexceeded 140/90 mm Hg. In Ukraine, according to the epidemiologic study more than 1/3 of the population have increased arterial pressure. One of the extremely important aspects of struggle with CVD is diagnosis and prevention of hypertonic disease...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783031/a-unique-all-payer-rate-setting-system-controls-the-cost-but-not-the-racial-disparity-in-lower-extremity-revascularization-procedures
#14
Besma Nejim, Robert J Beaulieu, Husain Alshaikh, Mohammed Hamouda, Joseph Canner, Mahmoud B Malas
BACKGROUND: Patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) often have high comorbidity burden that may complicate post-interventional course and drive increased healthcare expenditures. Racial disparity had been observed in lower extremity revascularization (LER) patterns and outcomes. In 2014, Maryland adopted an all-payer rate setting system to limit the rising hospitalization costs. This resulted in an aggregate payment system in which hospital compensation takes place as an overall per capita expenditure for hospital services...
May 18, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782276/-the-efficacy-of-rivaroxaban-in-reducing-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-with-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-and-peripheral-disease-results-of-the-compass-trial
#15
N M Savina
The article considers modern approaches to the secondary prevention of cardiovascular events in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (IHD) and / or atherosclerosis of peripheral arteries (peripheral artery disease - PAD) with the oral anticoagulant rivaroxaban. The results of the first international prospective phase III study COMPASS for the evaluation of efficacy and safety of rivaroxaban including 27 395 patients with stable IHD or PAD, are discussed. The results of the study were presented at European Congress of Cardiology 2017...
March 2018: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780228/risk-factors-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-presented-to-beni-suef-university-hospital-prevalence-and-relation-to-stroke-severity-at-presentation
#16
Rasha H Soliman, Mohammed I Oraby, Mohammed Fathy, Alaa M Essam
Background: Acute ischemic stroke is one of the major causes of disability and death worldwide. Effective prevention remains the best approach for reducing the burden of stroke. The aim of this work was to study the prevalence of stroke risk factors and the possible relation between such risk factors and the disease severity at presentation in a sample of stroke patients presented to Beni-Suef University Hospital, north Upper Egypt. Methods: A sample of 167 patients of acute ischemic stroke recruited from Beni-Suef University Hospital was included in this cross-sectional descriptive study...
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779710/comorbidity-network-for-chronic-disease-a-novel-approach-to-understand-type-2-diabetes-progression
#17
Arif Khan, Shahadat Uddin, Uma Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases management outside expensive hospital settings has become a major target for governments, funders and healthcare service providers. It is well known that chronic diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) do not occur in isolation, and has a shared aetiology common to many other diseases and disorders. Diabetes Australia reports that it is associated with a myriad of complications, which affect the feet, eyes, kidneys, and cardiovascular health. For instance, nerve damage in the lower limbs affects around 13% of Australians with diabetes, diabetic retinopathy occurs in over 15% of Australians with diabetes, and diabetes is now the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779575/thirty-day-readmissions-in-surgical-and-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Stein Ove Danielsen, Philip Moons, Irene Sandven, Marit Leegaard, Svein Solheim, Theis Tønnessen, Irene Lie
BACKGROUND: The 30-day all-cause readmission rate after surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) vary substantially. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine the overall incidence, causes, and risk factors of 30-day all-cause readmission rate after SAVR and TAVR. METHODS: Eight medical research databases were searched; Cochrane, Medline, Embase, UpToDate, PROSPERO, National Guideline Clearinghouse, SweMed and Oria...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778671/international-study-of-comparative-health-effectiveness-with-medical-and-invasive-approaches-ischemia-trial-rationale-and-design
#19
David J Maron, Judith S Hochman, Sean M O'Brien, Harmony R Reynolds, William E Boden, Gregg W Stone, Sripal Bangalore, John A Spertus, Daniel B Mark, Karen P Alexander, Leslee Shaw, Jeffrey S Berger, T Bruce Ferguson, David O Williams, Robert A Harrington, Yves Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Prior trials comparing a strategy of optimal medical therapy with or without revascularization have not shown that revascularization reduces cardiovascular events in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). However, those trials only included participants in whom coronary anatomy was known prior to randomization and did not include sufficient numbers of participants with significant ischemia. It remains unknown whether a routine invasive approach offers incremental value over a conservative approach with catheterization reserved for failure of medical therapy in patients with moderate or severe ischemia...
April 21, 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778317/appropriate-use-of-noninvasive-ischemia-testing-to-guide-revascularization-decision-making-following-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-latin-american-countries-results-from-an-expert-panel-meeting-of-the-international-atomic-energy-agency
#20
I Berrocal, A Peix, F Mut, L J Shaw, G Karthikeyan, E Estrada Lobato, D Paez
Across Latin American and Caribbean countries, cardiovascular disease and especially ischemic heart disease is currently the main cause of death both in men and in women. For most Latin American and Caribbean countries, public and community health efforts aim to define care strategies which are both clinically and cost effective and promote primary and secondary prevention, resulting in improved patient outcomes. The optimal approach to deal with acute events such as ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a matter of controversy; however, there is an expanding role for assessing residual ischemic burden in STEMI patients following primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
May 16, 2018: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
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