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Extracapsular Squamous Cell Carcinoma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071618/clinico-pathological-factors-affecting-lymph-node-yield-in-indian-patients-with-locally-advanced-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-mandibular-gingivo-buccal-sulcus
#1
S S Muttagi, B R Patil, A S Godhi, D K Arora, S R Hallikerimath, A D Kale
AIM: Lymph node yield (LNY) is a valid marker of prognosis in oral cancer. Precise estimation of LNY in Indian patients with T3/T4 gingivobuccal sulcus squamous cell carcinoma (GBS-SCC) has not been well documented. Hence, the primary objective of the study was to determine the LNY in patients with T3/T4 SCC of mandibular GBS, and the secondary objective was to study the association of LNY with clinicopathological factors such as tumor thickness, histological differentiation, number of positive nodes, and extracapsular spread (ECS)...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050651/primary-transoral-robotic-surgery-with-concurrent-neck-dissection-for-early-stage-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-implemented-at-a-danish-head-and-neck-cancer-center-a-phase-ii-trial-on-feasibility-and-tumour-margin-status
#2
Niclas Rubek, Hani Ibrahim Channir, Birgitte Wittenborg Charabi, Christel Bræmer Lajer, Katalin Kiss, Hans Ulrik Nielsen, Jens Bentzen, Jeppe Friborg, Christian von Buchwald
There is an increasing incidence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) in the western world due to human papillomavirus (HPV). According to the Danish Head and Neck Cancer Group guidelines, the current recommended treatment of patients with OPSCC in Denmark is primary radiation therapy (RT) with or without concomitant chemotherapy. This is the first study in Scandinavia from a head and neck cancer centre that aims to demonstrate the feasibility of performing primary transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and concurrent neck dissection for patients with early stage OPSCC...
January 3, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042980/extensive-regional-metastasis-of-high-grade-mucoepidermoid-carcinoma-of-an-unknown-primary%C3%A2-tumor
#3
Naseem Ghazali, Alyssa Flashburg, Robert A Ord
PURPOSE: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is the most common salivary carcinoma. It arises most frequently in the major salivary glands but can also arise in minor glands or intraosseous sites. MEC of an unknown primary occurs very rarely. The present report documents only the third case reported in medical studies. METHODS: A 66-year-old man with previous carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the left posterior oral tongue that had been excised in 2004 and again in 2010 presented with a hard lymph node, 3 × 2 cm at level II of the right neck in July 2015...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033442/distant-metastases-following-postoperative-intensity-modulated-radiotherapy-for-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Ali Hosni, Shao Hui Huang, Wei Xu, Jie Su, Andrew Bayley, Scott V Bratman, John Cho, Meredith Giuliani, John Kim, Jolie Ringash, John Waldron, Anna Spreafico, John De Almeidad, Brian O'Sullivan, David Goldstein, Andrew Hope
Importance: Advances in surgical techniques, the advent of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT), and the use of concurrent chemotherapy in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) have led to improvement of locoregional control (LRC), but not distant control (DC). Moreover, the development of distant metastases (DM) in OSCC has a dismal prognosis. Objective: To determine the characteristics and risk factors of DM following postoperative IMRT in OSCC, and to identify the clinicopathological features that could be associated with distant-only failure (DOF)...
December 29, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029423/prognostic-factors-in-mandibular-gingival-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-10-year-retrospective-study
#5
L X Niu, Z E Feng, D C Wang, J Y Zhang, Z P Sun, C B Guo
The mandibular gingiva is the second most common site of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma. This retrospective study was designed to determine the clinicopathological features of squamous cell carcinoma of the mandibular gingiva (MGSCC) and to establish a new risk model to predict overall survival. The study included 207 patients with primary MGSCC from January 2000 to September 2009. The medical charts were reviewed and data related to clinical characteristics, treatment provided, histopathological analysis, and follow-up were recorded...
February 2017: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008626/outcomes-of-surgically-treated-human-papillomavirus-related-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-n3-disease
#6
Joseph Zenga, Bruce H Haughey, Ryan S Jackson, Douglas R Adkins, John Aranake-Chrisinger, Neel Bhatt, Hiram A Gay, Dorina Kallogjeri, Eliot J Martin, Eric J Moore, Randal C Paniello, Jason T Rich, Wade L Thorstad, Brian Nussenbaum
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To evaluate outcomes for patients with pathological N3 (pN3) neck disease from human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) and determine variables predictive of survival. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series with chart review. METHODS: This study was conducted between 1998 and 2013 and included patients with HPV-related OPSCC treated with surgery with or without adjuvant therapy and who had pN3 nodal disease...
December 23, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908710/prognosis-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-level-iv-v-metastasis-an-observational-study
#7
Takumi Hasegawa, Yasuyuki Shibuya, Daisuke Takeda, Eiji Iwata, Izumi Saito, Yasumasa Kakei, Akiko Sakakibara, Masaya Akashi, Tsutomu Minamikawa, Takahide Komori
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to retrospectively describe the characteristics and outcomes of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with level IV/V metastases, and to evaluate the multivariate relationships among potential risk factors for metastasis and prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 291 patients (178 men and 113 women; mean age, 65.9 ± 13.5 years). Clinicopathological data, time of development of level IV/V metastases, and clinical course were investigated...
January 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888708/prognostic-value-of-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-for-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Qiaoshi Xu, Chong Wang, Xiaohong Yuan, Zhien Feng, Zhengxue Han
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains controversial. Additionally, there is no standardized approach or cutoff value for evaluating TIL levels. The aim of this study was to establish a feasible method and criterion to assess TIL levels for future clinical practice and research use and to explore the relationship between TIL levels and prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed the records and pathological sections of 202 patients with HNSCC who were surgically treated at Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University, from January 1998 to January 2011...
November 23, 2016: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865373/extracapsular-spread-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Maxime Mermod, Genrich Tolstonog, Christian Simon, Yan Monnier
Extracapsular spread (ECS) is one of the most important prognostic factors in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, despite its major clinical relevance, there are still a number of important remaining issues regarding this condition. Indeed, standardized diagnostic and grading criteria of ECS are still lacking. The imaging modality of choice for its diagnosis is a matter of debate. Current research looking at the identification of specific biomarkers is ongoing. Recent findings demonstrate a direct correlation between the level of extension of ECS and a poor prognosis...
November 2016: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733374/phase-ii-trial-of-post-operative-radiotherapy-with-concurrent-cisplatin-plus-panitumumab-in-patients-with-high-risk-resected-head-and-neck-cancer
#10
R L Ferris, J L Geiger, S Trivedi, N C Schmitt, D E Heron, J T Johnson, S Kim, U Duvvuri, D A Clump, J E Bauman, J P Ohr, W E Gooding, A Argiris
BACKGROUND: Treatment intensification for resected, high-risk, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an area of active investigation with novel adjuvant regimens under study. In this trial, the epidermal growth-factor receptor (EGFR) pathway was targeted using the IgG2 monoclonal antibody panitumumab in combination with cisplatin chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in high-risk, resected HNSCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients included resected pathologic stage III or IVA squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, larynx, hypopharynx, or human-papillomavirus (HPV)-negative oropharynx, without gross residual tumor, featuring high-risk factors (margins <1 mm, extracapsular extension, perineural or angiolymphatic invasion, or ≥2 positive lymph nodes)...
December 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27712917/postoperative-chemo-radiotherapy-for-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinomas-outcomes-and-patterns-of-failure
#11
E Metcalfe, L Aspin, R Speight, E Ermiş, S Ramasamy, K Cardale, K E Dyker, M Sen, R J D Prestwich
AIMS: To determine outcomes after adjuvant radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and to correlate locoregional recurrence patterns with radiotherapy target volumes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy±chemotherapy after surgery with curative intent for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma between 2007 and 2012 were retrospectively analysed. Locoregional recurrences were reconstructed on the planning computed tomography scan by both deformable image co-registration and by visual assessment...
January 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27696382/prognostic-impact-of-extracapsular-lymph-node-involvement-after-neoadjuvant-therapy-and-oesophagectomy
#12
S M Lagarde, M Navidi, S S Gisbertz, H W M van Laarhoven, K Sumpter, S L Meijer, B Disep, A Immanuel, S M Griffin, M I van Berge Henegouwen
BACKGROUND: The significance of extracapsular lymph node involvement (LNI) is unclear in patients with oesophageal cancer who have undergone neoadjuvant treatment followed by oesophagectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and prognostic significance of extracapsular LNI in a large multicentre series of consecutive patients with oesophageal cancer treated by neoadjuvant chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy and surgery. METHODS: Data from a consecutive series of patients treated at two European centres were analysed...
November 2016: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27674439/the-prognostic-importance-of-pathologic-extracapsular-extension-in-human-papillomavirus-associated-oropharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Y An, H S M Park, J R Kelly, J M Stahl, J N Contessa, Z A Husain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590518/clues-toward-precision-medicine-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-utility-of-next-generation-sequencing-for-the-prognostic-stratification-of-high-risk-patients-harboring-neck-lymph-node-extracapsular-extension
#14
Hung-Ming Wang, Chun-Ta Liao, Tzu-Chen Yen, Shu-Jen Chen, Li-Yu Lee, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Chien-Yu Lin, Shu-Hang Ng
Patients with resected oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) harboring extracapsular extension (ECE) of the involved lymph node, show poor and heterogeneous outcomes. We aim to improve their prognostic stratification by combining genetic information from next-generation sequencing (NGS) using traditional clinicopathological prognosticators. The hotspot mutation regions of 45 cancer-related genes were investigated using NGS with an ultra-deep (>1000×) sequencing approach in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples obtained from 201 patients with resected OSCC harboring ECE...
September 27, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569854/interobserver-reproducibility-of-cervical-lymph-node-measurements-at-ct-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#15
M S Chung, K L Cheng, Y J Choi, J L Roh, Y S Lee, S S Lee, J H Lee, J H Baek
AIM: To determine the interobserver reproducibility of measuring cervical lymph nodes at computed tomography (CT) in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and to investigate the influence of finding extracapsular spread (ECS) at CT on measurement reliability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved the study protocol, and informed consent was obtained. A total of 146 patients with 224 suspicious lymph nodes underwent CT before treatment...
December 2016: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509897/prognostic-significance-of-extracapsular-spread-in-isolated-neck-recurrences-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients
#16
Xavier León, Antoni Rigó, Nuria Farré, Montserrat López, Jacinto García, Julia de Juan, Miquel Quer
Few studies have analyzed the appearance of extracapsular spread (ECS) in salvage neck dissections carried out after regional recurrence of the disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of ECS in patients with an isolated regional recurrence treated with a salvage neck dissection, and to assess the influence of ECS on prognosis. We conducted a retrospective study of 123 patients treated with a salvage neck dissection. Eighty-two patients (66.7 %) had nodes with ECS. Five-year salvage-specific survival for patients without ECS was 77...
August 10, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485718/parameters-and-outcomes-in-525-patients-operated-on-for-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#17
P Garzino-Demo, E Zavattero, P Franco, M Fasolis, G Tanteri, A Mettus, P Tosco, L Chiusa, M Airoldi, O Ostellino, M Schena, M Rampino, U Ricardi, A Evangelista, F Merletti, S Berrone, G Ramieri
PURPOSE: This report analyzed the outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) to identify the value of prognostic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 525 patients were studied who had undergone surgery for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) between 2000 and 2011, of whom 222 had received postoperative radiation-therapy (PORT) and or chemoradiation-therapy (PORTC). For each patient, personal data, histological findings, treatment and outcome were recorded and analyzed statistically...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475122/infracentimetric-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-incidence-and-prognostic-value
#18
A Pauzie, M Gavid, J-M Dumollard, A Timoshenko, M Peoc'h, J-M Prades
OBJECTIVES: Supracentimetric cervical lymph node metastasis is classically a poor prognostic factor for locoregional recurrence and survival in head and neck cancer. Causality, however, is more controversial for infracentimetric cervical lymph node metastases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and prognostic value of infracentimetric lymph node metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and forty-three neck dissections from 150 head and neck cancer patients were analyzed...
November 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27474125/impact-of-p16-expression-in-oropharyngeal-cancer-in-the-postoperative-setting-the-necessity-of-re-evaluating-traditional-risk-stratification
#19
Jeongshim Lee, Jee Suk Chang, Hyung Joo Kwon, Se-Heon Kim, Sang Joon Shin, Ki Chang Keum
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of p16 expression as a surrogate marker of human papillomavirus status in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients underwent surgery followed by postoperative radiotherapy. METHODS: We identified 126 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed, newly diagnosed oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma who received surgery followed by radiotherapy and had p16 expression data available. All patients were treated between 2001 and 2011...
October 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437903/correlation-between-podoplanin-expression-and-extracapsular-spread-in-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oral-cavity-using-subjective-immunoreactivity-scores-and-semiquantitative-image-analysis
#20
Maxime Mermod, Massimo Bongiovanni, Tatiana V Petrova, Elena A Dubikovskaya, Christian Simon, Genrich Tolstonog, Yan Monnier
BACKGROUND: The correlation between podoplanin expression and extracapsular spread in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has never been reported. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive value of podoplanin expression for this parameter. METHODS: Subjective immunoreactivity scores and semiquantitative image analysis of podoplanin expression were performed in 67 patients with primary oral squamous cell carcinoma and in their corresponding lymph nodes...
January 2017: Head & Neck
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