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Extracapsular Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Takumi Hasegawa, Yasuyuki Shibuya, Daisuke Takeda, Eiji Iwata, Izumi Saito, Yasumasa Kakei, Akiko Sakakibara, Masaya Akashi, Tsutomu Minamikawa, Takahide Komori
PURPOSE: The objectives of this study were to retrospectively describe the characteristics and outcomes of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with level IV/V metastases, and to evaluate the multivariate relationships among potential risk factors for metastasis and prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated 291 patients (178 men and 113 women; mean age, 65.9 ± 13.5 years). Clinicopathological data, time of development of level IV/V metastases, and clinical course were investigated...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Qiaoshi Xu, Chong Wang, Xiaohong Yuan, Zhien Feng, Zhengxue Han
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) remains controversial. Additionally, there is no standardized approach or cutoff value for evaluating TIL levels. The aim of this study was to establish a feasible method and criterion to assess TIL levels for future clinical practice and research use and to explore the relationship between TIL levels and prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study reviewed the records and pathological sections of 202 patients with HNSCC who were surgically treated at Beijing Stomatological Hospital, Capital Medical University, from January 1998 to January 2011...
November 23, 2016: Translational Oncology
Maxime Mermod, Genrich Tolstonog, Christian Simon, Yan Monnier
Extracapsular spread (ECS) is one of the most important prognostic factors in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, despite its major clinical relevance, there are still a number of important remaining issues regarding this condition. Indeed, standardized diagnostic and grading criteria of ECS are still lacking. The imaging modality of choice for its diagnosis is a matter of debate. Current research looking at the identification of specific biomarkers is ongoing. Recent findings demonstrate a direct correlation between the level of extension of ECS and a poor prognosis...
November 2016: Oral Oncology
R L Ferris, J L Geiger, S Trivedi, N C Schmitt, D E Heron, J T Johnson, S Kim, U Duvvuri, D A Clump, J E Bauman, J P Ohr, W E Gooding, A Argiris
BACKGROUND: Treatment intensification for resected, high-risk, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an area of active investigation with novel adjuvant regimens under study. In this trial, the epidermal growth-factor receptor (EGFR) pathway was targeted using the IgG2 monoclonal antibody panitumumab in combination with cisplatin chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in high-risk, resected HNSCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients included resected pathologic stage III or IVA squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, larynx, hypopharynx, or human-papillomavirus (HPV)-negative oropharynx, without gross residual tumor, featuring high-risk factors (margins <1 mm, extracapsular extension, perineural or angiolymphatic invasion, or ≥2 positive lymph nodes)...
October 11, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
E Metcalfe, L Aspin, R Speight, E Ermiş, S Ramasamy, K Cardale, K E Dyker, M Sen, R J D Prestwich
AIMS: To determine outcomes after adjuvant radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and to correlate locoregional recurrence patterns with radiotherapy target volumes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients receiving adjuvant radiotherapy±chemotherapy after surgery with curative intent for oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma between 2007 and 2012 were retrospectively analysed. Locoregional recurrences were reconstructed on the planning computed tomography scan by both deformable image co-registration and by visual assessment...
October 3, 2016: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
S M Lagarde, M Navidi, S S Gisbertz, H W M van Laarhoven, K Sumpter, S L Meijer, B Disep, A Immanuel, S M Griffin, M I van Berge Henegouwen
BACKGROUND: The significance of extracapsular lymph node involvement (LNI) is unclear in patients with oesophageal cancer who have undergone neoadjuvant treatment followed by oesophagectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and prognostic significance of extracapsular LNI in a large multicentre series of consecutive patients with oesophageal cancer treated by neoadjuvant chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy and surgery. METHODS: Data from a consecutive series of patients treated at two European centres were analysed...
November 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Y An, H S M Park, J R Kelly, J M Stahl, J N Contessa, Z A Husain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Hung-Ming Wang, Chun-Ta Liao, Tzu-Chen Yen, Shu-Jen Chen, Li-Yu Lee, Chia-Hsun Hsieh, Chien-Yu Lin, Shu-Hang Ng
Patients with resected oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) harboring extracapsular extension (ECE) of the involved lymph node, show poor and heterogeneous outcomes. We aim to improve their prognostic stratification by combining genetic information from next-generation sequencing (NGS) using traditional clinicopathological prognosticators. The hotspot mutation regions of 45 cancer-related genes were investigated using NGS with an ultra-deep (>1000×) sequencing approach in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples obtained from 201 patients with resected OSCC harboring ECE...
August 31, 2016: Oncotarget
M S Chung, K L Cheng, Y J Choi, J L Roh, Y S Lee, S S Lee, J H Lee, J H Baek
AIM: To determine the interobserver reproducibility of measuring cervical lymph nodes at computed tomography (CT) in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and to investigate the influence of finding extracapsular spread (ECS) at CT on measurement reliability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional review board approved the study protocol, and informed consent was obtained. A total of 146 patients with 224 suspicious lymph nodes underwent CT before treatment...
August 25, 2016: Clinical Radiology
Xavier León, Antoni Rigó, Nuria Farré, Montserrat López, Jacinto García, Julia de Juan, Miquel Quer
Few studies have analyzed the appearance of extracapsular spread (ECS) in salvage neck dissections carried out after regional recurrence of the disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of ECS in patients with an isolated regional recurrence treated with a salvage neck dissection, and to assess the influence of ECS on prognosis. We conducted a retrospective study of 123 patients treated with a salvage neck dissection. Eighty-two patients (66.7 %) had nodes with ECS. Five-year salvage-specific survival for patients without ECS was 77...
August 10, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
P Garzino-Demo, E Zavattero, P Franco, M Fasolis, G Tanteri, A Mettus, P Tosco, L Chiusa, M Airoldi, O Ostellino, M Schena, M Rampino, U Ricardi, A Evangelista, F Merletti, S Berrone, G Ramieri
PURPOSE: This report analyzed the outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) to identify the value of prognostic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 525 patients were studied who had undergone surgery for oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) between 2000 and 2011, of whom 222 had received postoperative radiation-therapy (PORT) and or chemoradiation-therapy (PORTC). For each patient, personal data, histological findings, treatment and outcome were recorded and analyzed statistically...
September 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
A Pauzie, M Gavid, J-M Dumollard, A Timoshenko, M Peoc'h, J-M Prades
OBJECTIVES: Supracentimetric cervical lymph node metastasis is classically a poor prognostic factor for locoregional recurrence and survival in head and neck cancer. Causality, however, is more controversial for infracentimetric cervical lymph node metastases. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence and prognostic value of infracentimetric lymph node metastasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred and forty-three neck dissections from 150 head and neck cancer patients were analyzed...
July 27, 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
Jeongshim Lee, Jee Suk Chang, Hyung Joo Kwon, Se-Heon Kim, Sang Joon Shin, Ki Chang Keum
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of p16 expression as a surrogate marker of human papillomavirus status in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma patients underwent surgery followed by postoperative radiotherapy. METHODS: We identified 126 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed, newly diagnosed oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma who received surgery followed by radiotherapy and had p16 expression data available. All patients were treated between 2001 and 2011...
October 2016: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
Maxime Mermod, Massimo Bongiovanni, Tatiana V Petrova, Elena A Dubikovskaya, Christian Simon, Genrich Tolstonog, Yan Monnier
BACKGROUND: The correlation between podoplanin expression and extracapsular spread in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) has never been reported. The purpose of this study was to assess the predictive value of podoplanin expression for this parameter. METHODS: Subjective immunoreactivity scores and semiquantitative image analysis of podoplanin expression were performed in 67 patients with primary oral squamous cell carcinoma and in their corresponding lymph nodes...
July 20, 2016: Head & Neck
Evan M Graboyes, Melanie E Townsend, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jay F Piccirillo, Brian Nussenbaum
Importance: Quality metrics for patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) exist, but whether compliance with these metrics correlates with improved survival is unknown. Objective: To examine whether compliance with proposed quality metrics is associated with improved survival in patients with laryngeal SCC treated with surgery with or without adjuvant therapy. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study included patients from a tertiary care academic medical center who had previously untreated laryngeal SCC and underwent surgery with or without adjuvant therapy from January 1, 2003, through December 31, 2012...
July 19, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Hidenori Suzuki, Takuma Matoba, Nobuhiro Hanai, Daisuke Nishikawa, Yujiro Fukuda, Yusuke Koide, Yasuhisa Hasegawa
The lymph node density (LND) has been reported to be a significant prognostic factor in various types of carcinoma. This study investigated whether the LND is associated with survival in patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC) who have positive lymph nodes without distant metastasis. Forty-six patients who were pathologically diagnosed with HPSCC with positive lymph nodes and without distant metastasis were enrolled in this study. The LND was defined as the ratio of positive lymph nodes to the total number of lymph nodes...
July 2, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Faya Liang, Song Fan, Ping Han, Qian Cai, Peiliang Lin, Renhui Chen, Shitong Yu, Xiaoming Huang
BACKGROUND: Primary tumors of early-stage (T1-2N0M0) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) can be treated by transoral minimally invasive surgery, but the cervical lymph node lacks corresponding minimally invasive treatment. Therefore, our study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of endoscopic-assisted selective neck dissection (EASND) via small lateral neck incision in treatment of early-stage HNSCC. METHODS: From May 2008 to April 2012, 29 patients with early-stage HNSCC were enrolled in this retrospective study...
July 1, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
David J Sher, Lucien Nedzi, Saad Khan, Randy Hughes, Baran D Sumer, Larry L Myers, John M Truelson, Matthew Koshy
IMPORTANCE: There is a growing debate on the relative benefits of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and boost doses of postoperative radiotherapy (B-PORT) in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) treated with primary surgery, especially for patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-driven disease. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the recent patterns of care in and overall survival (OS) outcomes following the use of adjuvant CRT and B-PORT after primary surgery for OPSCC...
August 1, 2016: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Chi-Sheng Wu, Kai-Ping Chang, Chun-Nan OuYang, Huang-Kai Kao, Chuen Hsueh, Lih-Chyang Chen, Hsiao-Yun Cheng, Ying Liang, Willisa Liou, Chih-Lung Liang, Yu-Sun Chang
ASC (Apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD) acts as a platform protein in the inflammasome cascade of some cancer types. However, its potential involvement in OSCC (oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma) has not yet been determined. Here, we investigated the potential role of ASC in OSCC. RT-qPCR analysis of 20 paired tumor and adjacent normal tissue samples revealed that the mRNA levels of ASC, along with IL-1β, CASP1, and NLRP3 in ASC-associated NLRP3 inflammasome were significantly elevated in OSCC tissues...
June 29, 2016: Oncotarget
Vinita Takiar, Adam S Garden, Dominic Ma, William H Morrison, Mark Edson, Mark E Zafereo, Gary B Gunn, Clifton D Fuller, Beth Beadle, Steven J Frank, William N William, Merrill Kies, Adel K El-Naggar, Randal Weber, David I Rosenthal, Jack Phan
PURPOSE: To review our 15-year institutional experience using intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to reirradiate patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) and identify predictors of outcomes and toxicity. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 227 patients who received head and neck reirradiation using IMRT from 1999 to 2014. Patients treated with noncurative intent were excluded. Radiation-related acute and late toxicities were recorded...
July 15, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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