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Lymph Node HNSCC

Zuzana Saidak, Mony Chenda Morisse, Denis Chatelain, Chloé Sauzay, Aline Houessinon, Nelly Guilain, Marion Soyez, Bruno Chauffert, Stéphanie Dakpé, Antoine Galmiche
BACKGROUND/AIM: The squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCCA), encoded by the genes SERPINB3/B4, is a tumour marker produced by head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). We aimed to examine SERPINB3/B4 mRNA levels and its clinical significance in the therapeutic context. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrieved mRNA expression levels, clinical, pathological and genomic data for 520 HNSCC from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). RESULTS: HNSCC tumours express high levels of SERPINB3/B4 mRNA...
March 2018: Anticancer Research
L-L Yang, L Wu, G-T Yu, W-F Zhang, B Liu, Z-J Sun
Targeted therapy using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) has emerged as a widely used form of immunotherapy in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Membrane-associated glycoprotein CD317 has been preferentially overexpressed by multiple myeloma cells, and its humanized mAb has been previously used in clinical trials. However, overexpression of CD317 in HNSCC and its correlation with tumor immunity is still uncertain. Here, the immunoreactivity of CD317 was detected in human HNSCC tissue microarrays, which contained 43 oral mucosa samples, 48 dysplasia samples, and 165 primary HNSCC...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Dental Research
Padam Parmar, Nisha Marwah, Sanjeev Parshad, Taruna Yadav, Ashima Batra, Rajeev Sen
Various studies have demonstrated that the lymphatic system is the additional route for solid tumor metastasis. Lymph nodes metastasis in Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is a major prognostic indicator for disease progression and a guide for therapeutic strategies. We conducted a study to compare intratumoral (IT) and peritumoral (PT) lymphatic vessel density (LVD) in HNSCC using lymphatic marker D2-40 and its correlation with lymph node metastasis, histological grading and other clinicopathological parameters...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Paul Zolkind, Dariusz Przybylski, Nemanja Marjanovic, Lan Nguyen, Tianxiang Lin, Tanner Johanns, Anton Alexandrov, Liye Zhou, Clint T Allen, Alexander P Miceli, Robert D Schreiber, Maxim Artyomov, Gavin P Dunn, Ravindra Uppaluri
Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are an ideal immunotherapy target due to their high mutation burden and frequent infiltration with lymphocytes. Preclinical models to investigate targeted and combination therapies as well as defining biomarkers to guide treatment represent an important need in the field. Immunogenomics approaches have illuminated the role of mutation-derived tumor neoantigens as potential biomarkers of response to checkpoint blockade as well as representing therapeutic vaccines...
January 9, 2018: Oncotarget
Remco de Bree, Asaf Senft, Andrés Coca-Pelaz, Luiz Kowalski, Fernando Lopez, William Mendenhall, Miquel Quer, Alessandra Rinaldo, Ashok R Shaha, Primož Strojan, Robert P Takes, Carl E Silver, C René Leemans, Alfio Ferlito
As head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients with distant metastases (DM) were generally treated only palliatively, the value of screening for DM was usually limited to attempts to avoid extensive locoregional treatment when DM were present pretreatment. Recently, the concept of treating oligometastases, e.g., by metastatectomy or stereotactic body radiotherapy, has been reintroduced for HNSCC and may cause a change in the treatment paradigm. Although whole body 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) combined with computed tomography (CT; WB-FDG-PET/CT) is still the mainstay diagnostic technique, there is a growing body of evidence supporting implementation of whole body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) as an important diagnostic technique for screening for DM...
February 2, 2018: Advances in Therapy
Juan P Rodrigo, Gianluigi Grilli, Jatin P Shah, Jesus E Medina, K Thomas Robbins, Robert P Takes, Marc Hamoir, Luiz P Kowalski, Carlos Suárez, Fernando López, Miquel Quer, Carsten C Boedeker, Remco de Bree, Hakan Coskun, Alessandra Rinaldo, Carl E Silver, Alfio Ferlito
Adequate treatment of lymph node metastases is essential for patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, there is still no consensus on the optimal surgical treatment of the neck for patients with a clinically positive (cN+) neck. In this review, we analyzed current literature about the feasibility of selective neck dissection (SND) in surgically treated HNSCC patients with cN + neck using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. From the reviewed literature, it seems that SND is a valid option in patients with cN1 and selected cN2 neck disease (non-fixed nodes, absence of palpable metastases at level IV or V, or large volume ->3 cm-multiple lymph nodes at multiple levels)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Han-Rong Zhang, Shu-Yu Lai, Li-Jun Huang, Zhen-Fei Zhang, Jie Liu, Si-Rong Zheng, Ke Ding, Xin Bai, Jue-Yu Zhou
OBJECTIVE: Recent evidence suggests an important role of Myosin 1b (Myo1b) in the progression of several cancers, including prostate cancer and head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, the contribution of Myo1b to cervical cancer (CC) remains elusive. METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), immunohistochemistry and western blotting assays were used to confirm the expression of Myo1b in CC tissues compared with matched non-tumor tissues and CC cells, and analyze its clinical significance...
January 27, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
Yoav P Talmi, Robert P Takes, Eran E Alon, Iain J Nixon, Fernando López, Remco de Bree, Juan P Rodrigo, Ashok R Shaha, Gyorgy B Halmos, Alessandra Rinaldo, Alfio Ferlito
BACKGROUND: Lymph node ratio (LNR) is increasingly reported as a potential prognostic tool. The purpose of this review was to analyze the available literature on the prognostic significance of LNR in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: A PubMed internet search was performed and articles meeting selection criteria were reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty-eight studies were identified in the literature dealing with the prognostic value of LNR...
February 2, 2018: Head & Neck
Benjamin Philipp Ernst, Caja Mikstas, Timo Stöver, Roland Stauber, Sebastian Strieth
BACKGROUND/AIM: Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are characterized by aggressiveness, early recurrence and lymph node metastasis. Therefore, there is an urgent need to identify new biomarkers and drug targets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Neck dissection specimens from 11 patients diagnosed with hypopharyngeal cancer were analyzed for their lymphatic vessel density (LVD) by lymphatic vessel endothelial hyaluronan receptor 1 (LYVE-1) immunostaining, expression of eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) and levels of secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) using immunoblot analysis...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
H D Zhang, S C Gong, Y Q Liu, L J Liang, S B He, Q X Zhang, M Y Si, Z K Yu
Objective: To investigate the significance of circulating tumor cells (CTC) in squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (HNSCC). Methods: Twenty-four patients with HNSCC treated between October 2016 and July 2017 in our department were selected (experimental group), including 23 males and 1 females, aged 47-81 years. There were 14 cases of squamous cell carcinoma of larynx and 10 cases of hypopharynx, including I-Ⅱ stage (5 cases) and Ⅲ- Ⅳ stage (19 cases). All patients were primary and/or relapsed after treatment...
January 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Katarina Majercakova, Cristina Valero, Montserrat López, Jacinto García, Nuria Farré, Miquel Quer, Xavier León
OBJECTIVES: The presence of nodes with extracapsular spread (ECS) and the lymph node ratio (LNR) have prognostic competence in the pathologic evaluation of patients with a head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) treated with a neck dissection. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of ECS & LNR on prognosis of HPV negative HNSCC patients treated with neck dissection and to compare to 8th edition TNM/AJCC classification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study of 1383 patients with HNSCC treated with a neck dissection between 1985 and 2013...
February 2018: Oral Oncology
Jung Han Kim, Bum Jun Kim, Hyeong Su Kim
High c-Met expression has been observed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, its clinicopathological impact remains controversial. We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the pathologic and prognostic impacts of c-Met overexpression in patients with HNSCC. A systematic computerized search of the electronic databases was carried out. From 16 studies, 1,948 patients with HNSCC were included in the meta-analysis. Compared with HNSCCs showing low c-Met expression, tumors with high c-Met expression were significantly associated with higher rate of lymph node metastasis (odds ratio = 3...
December 22, 2017: Oncotarget
Maxime Mermod, Agnès Hiou-Feige, Esther Bovay, Vincent Roh, Jana Sponarova, Massimo Bongiovanni, Daniel W Vermeer, John H Lee, Tatiana V Petrova, Jean-Paul Rivals, Yan Monnier, Genrich V Tolstonog, Christian Simon
HPV-positive head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is increasingly frequent. Management is particularly debated in the case of postsurgical high-risk features, that is, positive surgical margins and extracapsular spread (ECS). In this increasingly complex emerging framework of HNSCC treatment, representative preclinical models are needed to support future clinical trials and advances in personalized medicine. Here, we present an immunocompetent mouse model based on the implantation of mouse tonsil epithelial HPV16-E6/E7-expressing cancer cells into the submental region of the floor-of-the-mouth...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Go Omura, Mizuo Ando, Yasuhiro Ebihara, Yuki Saito, Kenya Kobayashi, Osamu Fukuoka, Ken Akashi, Masafumi Yoshida, Takahiro Asakage, Tatsuya Yamasoba
BACKGROUND: TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human cancers. Previous studies reported that TP53 mutations correlated with poor prognoses in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). However, the relationship between TP53 mutations and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC) is not known. The current study aimed to evaluate TP53 mutation status as a predictive biomarker in patients with HPSCC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical charts of 57 HPSCC patients treated with initial surgery between 2008 and 2014...
December 28, 2017: BMC Cancer
Se Jin Cho, Jeong Hyun Lee, Ji Eun Park, Young Jun Choi, Jin Hee Kim, Hwa Jung Kim, Jung Hwan Baek
INTRODUCTION: To describe serial changes in irradiated superior cervical sympathetic ganglia (SCSGs) on MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) evaluation in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and to find the features differentiating them from the metastatic retropharyngeal lymph nodes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 52 consecutive patients with definitive radiotherapy with/without chemotherapy for pathologically confirmed HNSCC and pre- and postradiation MRI follow-up evaluations...
January 2018: European Journal of Radiology
Marie-Nicole Theodoraki, Saigopalakrishna Yerneni, Thomas K Hoffmann, William E Gooding, Theresa L Whiteside
PURPOSE: The microenvironment of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs) is highly immunosuppressive. HNSCCs expressing elevated levels of PD-L1 have especially poor outcome. Exosomes that carry PD-L1 and suppress T-cell functions have been isolated from plasma of patients with HNSCC. The potential contributions of PD-L1+ exosomes to immune suppression and disease activity are evaluated. METHODS: Exosomes isolated from plasma of 40 HNSCC patients by size exclusion chromatography were captured on beads using anti-CD63 Abs, stained for PD-1 and PD-L1 and analyzed by flow cytometry...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Man Ki Chung, Young Ho Jung, Joon Kyoo Lee, Soo Youn Cho, Oihana Murillo-Sauca, Ravindra Uppaluri, June Ho Shin, John B Sunwoo
Purpose: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is comprised of heterogeneous populations of cells, and CD271 (NGFR; p75NTR) has been associated with a tumor-initiating cell subpopulation. This study assessed the role of CD271 in modulating metastatic behavior in HNSCC. Experimental Design: CD271 was overexpressed in murine and human oral squamous cell carcinoma cells to assess the impact of CD271 activation on the invasive and metastatic phenotype of these cells, using in vitro and orthotopic in vivo modeling...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Daisuke Sano, Kenichiro Yabuki, Hideaki Takahashi, Yasuhiro Arai, Yoshihiro Chiba, Teruhiko Tanabe, Goshi Nishimura, Nobuhiko Oridate
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to validate the concept of lymph node ratio (LNR) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). METHODS: A total of 63 patients with HNSCC who underwent resection of the primary tumor combined with neck dissection in our institution were analyzed in this study. LNR was defined as the number of positive lymph nodes divided by the total number of lymph nodes excised. LNR was categorized into two groups (<0.068 and ≥0...
December 1, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Sidharth V Puram, Itay Tirosh, Anuraag S Parikh, Anoop P Patel, Keren Yizhak, Shawn Gillespie, Christopher Rodman, Christina L Luo, Edmund A Mroz, Kevin S Emerick, Daniel G Deschler, Mark A Varvares, Ravi Mylvaganam, Orit Rozenblatt-Rosen, James W Rocco, William C Faquin, Derrick T Lin, Aviv Regev, Bradley E Bernstein
The diverse malignant, stromal, and immune cells in tumors affect growth, metastasis, and response to therapy. We profiled transcriptomes of ∼6,000 single cells from 18 head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients, including five matched pairs of primary tumors and lymph node metastases. Stromal and immune cells had consistent expression programs across patients. Conversely, malignant cells varied within and between tumors in their expression of signatures related to cell cycle, stress, hypoxia, epithelial differentiation, and partial epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (p-EMT)...
December 14, 2017: Cell
Nidal Muhanna, Marco A Di Grappa, Harley H L Chan, Tahsin Khan, Cheng S Jin, Yangqiao Zheng, Jonathan C Irish, Scott V Bratman
In cancer patients, circulating tumour-derived DNA (ctDNA) levels imperfectly reflect disease burden apparent on medical imaging. Further evaluation of ctDNA levels over time is needed to better understand the correlation with tumour growth and therapeutic response. We describe ctDNA kinetics within an orthotopic, immunocompetent preclinical rabbit model of local-regionally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Monitoring primary tumour and metastatic lymph node volume by computed tomography (CT), we observed a correlation between ctDNA levels and tumour burden...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
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