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HPV Oropharynx

Jacqueline R Kelly, Zain A Husain, Barbara Burtness
Increasingly, squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx (OPSCC) is attributable to transformation resulting from high-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Such cancers are significantly more responsive to treatment than traditional tobacco- and alcohol-associated squamous cell cancers of the head and neck. Conventional management with definitive chemoradiation, surgery and adjuvant radiation, or radiation given with altered fractionation schemes, while effective, incurs long-term morbidity that escalates with treatment intensity and significantly impairs quality of life...
October 15, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Samuel B Pattle, Natasa Utjesanovic, Athena Togo, Lucy Wells, Brendan Conn, Hannah Monaghan, Elizabeth Junor, Ingolfur Johannessen, Kate Cuschieri, Simon Talbot
Squamous cell carcinomas of the hypopharynx (HPSCC) and oropharynx (OPSCC) have markedly different patient outcomes. Differences in HPV prevalence between these two patient groups may account for some of this difference, but other molecular markers of prognosis or pathological phenotype have not been established. Copy number gain of oncogenes is a well-established molecular change contributing to HNSCC development. Quantitative PCR was used to explore copy number gains of specific genes (3q - PIK3CA, TP63; 11q13...
October 17, 2016: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
P Morbini, M Benazzo
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx is a well-defined entity mostly affecting young to middle-aged male non-smokers. It is generally associated with a favourable outcome, and for this reason a less intensive therapeutic approach has been proposed for this subset of patients. The incidence of HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancers is rapidly increasing in most Western countries, but detailed epidemiological data are not available for the Italian population. Furthermore, among other head and neck regions, a smaller proportion of oral high-grade dysplasia and cancers seems to depend on HPV infection, whereas its role in laryngeal cancer is recognised as less relevant...
August 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
R L Ferris, J L Geiger, S Trivedi, N C Schmitt, D E Heron, J T Johnson, S Kim, U Duvvuri, D A Clump, J E Bauman, J P Ohr, W E Gooding, A Argiris
BACKGROUND: Treatment intensification for resected, high-risk, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is an area of active investigation with novel adjuvant regimens under study. In this trial, the epidermal growth-factor receptor (EGFR) pathway was targeted using the IgG2 monoclonal antibody panitumumab in combination with cisplatin chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in high-risk, resected HNSCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients included resected pathologic stage III or IVA squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity, larynx, hypopharynx, or human-papillomavirus (HPV)-negative oropharynx, without gross residual tumor, featuring high-risk factors (margins <1 mm, extracapsular extension, perineural or angiolymphatic invasion, or ≥2 positive lymph nodes)...
October 11, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Barbara Wollenberg
HNSCC is a heterogeneous group of tumors located in the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx. Originally, tobacco and alcohol exposures were the main risk factors for HNSCC. In the last two decades, HPV infections have been identified as a risk factor for HNSCC, especially for oropharyngeal tumors. Whereas the HPV-induced oropharyngeal carcinomas predominantly express the HPV16 related E6 and E7 oncoproteins, the HPV-negative HNSCC are associated with an overexpression of p53. However, if the therapy successes for HPV-negative and HPV-positive HNSCCs are compared, there are significantly higher total survival rates for HPV-positive oropharyngeal tumors compared to HPV-negative tumors...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Jan B Vermorken
When deciding how to treat patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN), several factors have to be taken into account: disease factors, patient factors, treatment factors, and the wish of the patient. This symposium article is summarizing the information on HPV (p16) in the context of decision making in SCCHN patients with locoregionally advanced disease and those with recurrent/metastatic disease. The literature data suggest that HPV(p16) has prognostic significance, both in locoregionally advanced disease (in particular, in oropharynx cancer) and in recurrent/metastatic disease, while there are only limited data on its predictive significance...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Ernst Jan M Speel
Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are a necessary cause of anogenital squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and a subgroup of head and neck SCC, i.e., those originating in the oropharynx. The key events in high-risk HPV (HRHPV)-associated neoplastic progression include persistent infection, deregulated expression of virus early genes in basal epithelial cells, local immune suppression and the accumulation of chromosomal alterations. Evidence for these events particularly comes from studies of uterine cervical carcinogenesis; primary premalignant HRHPV-positive lesions of the head and neck mucosa are seldomly detected...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Ruud H Brakenhoff, Steffen Wagner, Jens P Klussmann
Head and neck cancer is the sixth most common cancer worldwide. The large majority are squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) that develop in the mucosal linings of the upper aerodigestive tract. These tumors develop either by exogenous carcinogen exposure (smoking, alcohol drinking) or by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, particularly those in the oropharynx (OPSCC). HPV-positive (HPV+ve) and HPV-negative (HPV-ve) OPSCC are considered different disease entities. HPV+ve tumors are different at the molecular level and likely as a consequence have a much more favorable prognosis than HPV-ve tumors, despite their generally advanced stage at presentation...
2017: Recent Results in Cancer Research
Douglas Adkins, Jessica Ley, Loren Michel, Tanya M Wildes, Wade Thorstad, Hiram A Gay, Mackenzie Daly, Jason Rich, Randal Paniello, Ravindra Uppaluri, Ryan Jackson, Kathryn Trinkaus, Brian Nussenbaum
OBJECTIVES: We previously reported the efficacy of nab-paclitaxel added to cisplatin, 5-FU, and cetuximab (APF-C) followed by concurrent high dose bolus cisplatin and radiation therapy (CRT) in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In this phase II trial, we determined the efficacy of APF (without cetuximab) followed by CRT in similar patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible patients had stage III-IV oropharynx (OP), larynx, or hypopharynx SCC and adequate organ function and performance status...
October 2016: Oral Oncology
Kiyoshi Misawa, Daiki Mochizuki, Shiori Endo, Masato Mima, Yuki Misawa, Atsushi Imai, Kazuya Shinmura, Takeharu Kanazawa, Thomas E Carey, Hiroyuki Mineta
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of the promoter methylation status of galanin (GAL) and galanin receptor 1/2 (GALR1/2) by assessing their association with disease-free survival and known prognostic factors in head and neck cancer. METHODS: We generated methylation profiles of GAL and GALR1/2 in tumor samples obtained from 202 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC); these included 43 hypopharynx, 42 larynx, 59 oral cavity, and 58 oropharynx tumor samples...
September 29, 2016: Molecular Carcinogenesis
I Tinhofer, A Stenzinger, T Eder, R Konschak, F Niehr, V Endris, L Distel, M G Hautmann, R Mandic, C Stromberger, W Weichert, V Budach
BACKGROUND: Based on epidemiological (HPV status, smoking habits) and clinical risk factors (T/N stage), three subgroups of patients suffering from locally advanced oropharyngeal carcinoma with significantly different outcome after concurrent chemoradiation (cCRTX) can be distinguished. Mutational profiling by targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) might further improve risk stratification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx and hypopharynx who had been enrolled in a randomized phase III trial (ARO-0401) comparing two regimens of cCRTX and from whom archival tumor specimens were available were included...
September 28, 2016: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Ying Yuan, Erich M Sturgis, Lijun Zhu, Meixia Lu, Yuncheng Li, Qingyi Wei, Guojun Li
Human papillomavirus (HPV) activates E2F1-driven transcription via the E7-RB1-E2F pathway. Genetic polymorphisms in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) targeted by miRNAs can affect the regulation of target genes and individual cancer risk. Thus, we hypothesized that a polymorphism at the 3'UTR miRNA binding site of E2F1 gene (rs3213180) was associated with risk of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and tumor HPV status of oropharynx squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). We determined the E2F1rs3213180 polymorphism and HPV16 L1 serology of 325 OSCC patients and 335 controls, and tumor HPV16 status of 552 OPSCC...
September 28, 2016: Molecular Carcinogenesis
J S Greenberger, L Rigatti, W Hou, A Sivananthan, X Zhang, D Shields, D Franicola, M Epperly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Dania Bucchi, Fabrizio Stracci, Nicola Buonora, Giuseppe Masanotti
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections worldwide. Exposure to HPV is very common, and an estimated 65%-100% of sexually active adults are exposed to HPV in their lifetime. The majority of HPV infections are asymptomatic, but there is a 10% chance that individuals will develop a persistent infection and have an increased risk of developing a carcinoma. The International Agency for Research on Cancer has found that the following cancer sites have a strong causal relationship with HPV: cervix uteri, penis, vulva, vagina, anus and oropharynx, including the base of the tongue and the tonsils...
September 7, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Erik Liederbach, Alexandra Kyrillos, Chi-Hsiung Wang, Jeffrey C Liu, Erich M Sturgis, Mihir K Bhayani
The head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNC) landscape is evolving with human papillomavirus (HPV) being a rising cause of oropharynx carcinoma (OPC). This study seeks to investigate a national database for HPV-associated oropharynx carcinoma (HPV-OPC). Using the National Cancer Data Base, we analyzed 22,693 patients with HPV-OPC and known HPV status. Chi-square tests and logistic regression models were utilized to examine differences between HPV positive and HPV negative OPC. 14,805 (65.2%) patients were HPV positive...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Marc R Rohrbach, Christopher J Britt, Michael Schwalbe, Aaron M Wieland, Gregory K Hartig
PURPOSE: Metastatic cervical carcinoma of unknown primary (MCCUP) is increasing in frequency owing in part to rising human papillomavirus (HPV)-driven oropharyngeal carcinoma. Identifying the primary site is valuable, because it is associated with increased survival and decreased morbidity. HPV-positive cervical nodal disease focuses attention on the oropharynx for directed biopsy examinations, including tonsillectomy. When the primary is small, carcinoma might not be apparent by traditional hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining alone...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Yuncheng Li, Erich M Sturgis, Ying Yuan, Meixia Lu, Xiaoli Cao, Qingyi Wei, Guojun Li
Given roles of HPV and genetic factors in cancer risk, we evaluated associations of HPV16 seropositivity and five E2F2 promoter variants with squamous cell carcinoma of oropharynx (SCCOP) and squamous cell carcinoma of oral cavity (SCCOC) risk in a case-control study of 325 patients and 335 cancer-free matched controls. We found that HPV16 seropositivity was significantly associated with SCCOP risk (aOR, 5.4, 95%CI, 3.7-8.9) but not SCCOC (aOR, 0.8, 95%CI, 0.4-1.5), while each E2F2 polymorphism had no significant main effect on SCCOP and SCCOC risk...
September 8, 2016: Carcinogenesis
Mark J Amsbaugh, Mehran Yusuf, Elizabeth Cash, Craig Silverman, Elizabeth Wilson, Jeffrey Bumpous, Kevin Potts, Cesar Perez, Robert Bert, Rebecca Redman, Neal Dunlap
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): To investigate the factors contributing to the clinical presentation of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) in the era of risk stratification using human papilloma virus (HPV) and smoking status. METHODS AND MATERIALS: All patients with OPSCC presenting to our institutional multidisciplinary clinic from January 2009 to June 2015 were reviewed from a prospective database. The patients were grouped as being at low risk, intermediate risk, and high risk in the manner described by Ang et al...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Hongwei Liu, Jintao Li, Yubai Zhou, Qin Hu, Yi Zeng, Mohammadzad Mehryar Mohammadreza
Many epidemical and biological studies have proposed that human papillomavirus (HPV), primarily high-risk HPV16/18, is an etiological factor for a subset of head and neck (HN) cancers. On that premise, we systematically reviewed relevant articles and improved the understanding of HPV-related cancers. This article comprehensively described the characteristics of HPV-associated HN tumors according to demography, histopathology, molecular biology, and prognosis. Meta-analyses were conducted to combine the studies that reported the association between HPV status and these variables using Rev Man 5...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Medical Virology
Etienne E Müller, Kevin Rebe, Tobias F Chirwa, Helen Struthers, James McIntyre, David A Lewis
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and associated behavioural risk factors in men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) attending a clinical service in Cape Town, South Africa. METHODS: MSM were enrolled at the Ivan Toms Centre for Men's Health in Cape Town. A psychosocial and sexual behavioral risk questionnaire was completed for each participant and urine, oro-pharyngeal and anal swabs were collected for HPV testing using the Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
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