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Hypertension targets

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920538/fibrinolytic-for-treatment-of-intraventricular-hemorrhage-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#1
Alexandra Delaney Baker, Krissia Margarita Rivera Perla, Zhiyuan Yu, Rachel Dlugash, Radhika Avadhani, William Andrew Mould, Wendy Ziai, Richard E Thompson, Dimitre Staykov, Daniel F Hanley
Background Intraventricular hemorrhage is a significant cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Treating intraventricular hemorrhage with intraventricular fibrinolytic therapy via a catheter is becoming an increasingly utilized intervention. Aims This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the role of intraventricular fibrinolytic treatment in hypertensive intraventricular hemorrhage patients and evaluate the effect sizes for survival as well as level of function at differing time points. Summary of review PubMed, CNKI, VIP, and Wanfang were searched using the terms "IVH" and "IVH and ICH" for human studies with adult patients published between January 1950 and July 2016...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920441/new-insight-of-common-regulatory-pathways-in-human-trabecular-meshwork-cells-in-response-to-dexamethasone-and-prednisolone-using-an-integrated-quantitative-proteomics-swath-and-mrm-hr-mass-spectrometry
#2
Sze Wan Shan, Chi Wai Do, Thomas Chuen Lam, Ricky Pak Wing Kong, King Kit Li, Ka Man Chun, William Daniel Stamer, Chi Ho To
The molecular pathophysiology of corticosteroid-induced ocular hypertension (CIH) is not well understood. To determine the biological mechanisms of CIH, this study investigated protein expression profiles of human trabecular meshwork (hTM) cells in response to dexamethasone and prednisolone treatment. Both discovery-based Sequential Windowed data independent Acquisition of the Total High-resolution mass spectra (SWATH(TM)-MS) and targeted based high resolution multiple reaction monitoring (MRM-HR) confirmation were applied using a hybrid quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometer...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918050/the-function-and-therapeutic-potential-of-long-non-coding-rnas-in-cardiovascular-development-and-disease
#3
REVIEW
Clarissa P C Gomes, Helen Spencer, Kerrie L Ford, Lauriane Y M Michel, Andrew H Baker, Costanza Emanueli, Jean-Luc Balligand, Yvan Devaux
The popularization of genome-wide analyses and RNA sequencing led to the discovery that a large part of the human genome, while effectively transcribed, does not encode proteins. Long non-coding RNAs have emerged as critical regulators of gene expression in both normal and disease states. Studies of long non-coding RNAs expressed in the heart, in combination with gene association studies, revealed that these molecules are regulated during cardiovascular development and disease. Some long non-coding RNAs have been functionally implicated in cardiac pathophysiology and constitute potential therapeutic targets...
September 15, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915943/derivatization-enhanced-separation-and-sensitivity-of-long-chain-free-fatty-acids-application-to-asthma-using-targeted-and-non-targeted-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-approach
#4
Xiqing Bian, Baoqing Sun, Peiyan Zheng, Na Li, Jian-Lin Wu
Long chain-free fatty acids (LCFFAs) play pivotal roles in various physiological functions, like inflammation, insulin resistance, hypertension, immune cell behavior and other biological activities. However, the detection is obstructed by the low contents, structural diversity, high structural similarity, and matrix interference. Herein, a fast cholamine-derivatization, within 1 min at room temperature, coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) approach was developed to determine LCFFAs in complex samples...
October 9, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915657/the-prevalence-subtypes-and-associated-factors-of-hyperuricemia-in-lupus-nephritis-patients-at-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-1-3
#5
Simeng Liu, Yijun Gong, Hong Ren, Wen Zhang, Xiaonong Chen, Tong Zhou, Xiao Li, Nan Chen
There is a high prevalence of hyperuricemia (HUA) in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. However, there's a dearth of research on HUA's prevalence, subtypes, early detection, and treatment strategies of HUA in lupus nephritis (LN) patients. The aim of this study is to address these knowledge gaps. LN patients presenting to the Department of Nephrology at Shanghai Rui Jin Hospital from January 2011 to January 2016 were recruited. The effective sample size was derived using the power analysis. The demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics of the LN patients with HUA were compared with those of patients without HUA...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915229/the-optimal-night-time-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-schedule-agreement-with-ambulatory-blood-pressure-and-association-with-organ-damage
#6
Anastasios Kollias, Emmanuel Andreadis, Gerasimos Agaliotis, George N Kolyvas, Apostolos Achimastos, George S Stergiou
OBJECTIVE: Night-time home blood pressure (HBP) monitoring has emerged as a feasible, reliable and low-cost alternative to ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring. This study evaluated the optimal schedule of night-time HBP monitoring in terms of agreement with night-time ABP and association with preclinical target-organ damage. METHODS: Untreated hypertensive adults were evaluated with ABP (24-h) and HBP monitoring (daytime: six days, duplicate morning and evening measurements; night-time: three nights, three-hourly automated measurements/night), and determination of left ventricular mass index, common carotid intima-media thickness and urinary albumin excretion...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915228/analysis-of-the-genes-involved-in-mendelian-forms-of-low-renin-hypertension-in-chinese-early-onset-hypertensive-patients
#7
Kai Liu, Fang Qin, Xiaolu Sun, Yang Zhang, Jizheng Wang, Yajie Wu, Wenjun Ma, Wei Wang, Xueyi Wu, Ying Qin, Huimin Zhang, Xianliang Zhou, Haiying Wu, Rutai Hui, Yubao Zou, Xiongjing Jiang, Lei Song
BACKGROUND: The study aimed to analyze genes involved in Mendelian forms of low-renin hypertension in Chinese early-onset hypertensive patients. METHODS: A panel of nine genes, namely SCNN1B, SCNN1G, WNK1, WNK4, KLHL3, CUL3, nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group C (NR3C)1, NR3C2, and HSD11B2 were screened by targeted resequencing in 260 Chinese early-onset hypertensive patients. Additionally, exon 13 of both SCNN1B and SCNN1G was sequenced in an independent cohort of 506 Chinese early-onset hypertensive patients...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914848/-effect-of-a-fixed-dose-combination-of-perindopril-arginine-amlodipine-on-the-level-and-variability-of-blood-pressure-according-to-its-office-visit-to-visit-measurements-and-self-measurements-at-home-a-subanalysis-of-the-prevoshodstvo-superiority-program
#8
O D Ostroumova
AIM: To study the effect of a fixed-dose combination of perindopril arginine/amlodipine (prestans) on the goal levels and variability of blood pressure (BP) according to its office visit-to-visit measurements and self-measurement (OVVM and SM) in a subgroup of 483 people from the population of the Russian observational SUPERIORITY program, most cases of whom are given the combination replacing the previously ineffective mono- and combination antihypertensive therapy (AHT). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subanalysis included data on 483 patients (34% men) aged 57...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914847/-efficiency-of-triple-antihypertensive-therapy-in-patients-with-uncontrolled-hypertension-and-depressive-disorders
#9
V V Skibitsky, A V Fendrikova, A V Skibitsky
AIM: To evaluate the efficiency of triple antihypertensive therapy in patients with uncontrolled hypertension and depressive disorders (DD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: 153 patients with uncontrolled hypertension were examined, of whom 82 patients were diagnosed with mild and moderate DD. A combination of perindopril 10 mg/day, indapamide SR 1.5 mg/day, and amlodipine at an initial dose of 5 mg/day was given to patients with hypertension and DD. After 4 weeks of treatment, if target blood pressure (BP) levels could not be achieved, the dose of amlodipine was increased up to 10 mg/day...
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914629/association-between-ambulatory-blood-pressure-values-and-central-aortic-pressure-in-a-large-population-of-normotensive-and-hypertensive-patients
#10
Ana Rouxinol-Dias, Sara Araújo, José A Silva, Loide Barbosa, Jorge Polónia
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to examine the association of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and central blood pressure (CBP) data in a large set of normotensive and hypertensive patients and its relation with pulse wave velocity (PWV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in a single centre and included 2864 individuals who carried out an ABPM, measurement of CBP from the aortic waveform (SphygmoCor) and carotid-femoral PWV (Complior)...
September 13, 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914194/diabetic-retinopathy-recent-updates-on-different-biomarkers-and-some-therapeutic-agents
#11
Amjad Ali Khan, Arshad Husain Rahmani, Yousef Homood Aldebasi
BACKGROUND: Diabetic Retinopathy is a leading cause of sight-threatening complication, which occurs due to a number of physiological and metabolic abnormalities during later stages of diabetes. Many of these abnormal changes are consistent with altered oxidative stress, inflammation, genetic set up, advanced glycation end products, and hematological changes. So the altered levels of different biomolecules related to these changes serve as important biomarkers to assess better evaluation and early treatment of this disease...
September 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914109/stem-cell-therapy-for-the-systemic-right-ventricle
#12
Ming-Sing Si, Richard G Ohye
In specific forms of congenital heart defects and pulmonary hypertension, the right ventricle (RV) is exposed to systemic levels of pressure overload. The RV is prone to failure in these patients because of its vulnerability to chronic pressure overload. As patients with a systemic RV reach adulthood, an emerging epidemic of RV failure has become evident. Medical therapies proven for LV failure are ineffective in treating RV failure. Areas covered: In this review, the pathophysiology of the failing RV under pressure overload is discussed, with specific emphasis on the pivotal roles of angiogenesis and oxidative stress...
September 15, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912872/preclinical-trial-of-the-multi-targeted-lenvatinib-in-combination-with-cellular-immunotherapy-for-treatment-of-renal-cell-carcinoma
#13
Chengkuan Cai, Jingyuan Tang, Baixin Shen, Liucheng Ding, Yunpeng Shao, Zhengsen Chen, Yinchao Ma, Haoliang Xue, Zhongqing Wei
Lenvatinib is an oral, multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors 1-3, fibroblast growth factor receptors 1-4, platelet-derived growth factor receptor β, RET and KIT. Cellular immunotherapy has the potential to be a highly targeted treatment, with low toxicity to normal tissues and a high capacity to eradicate tumor tissue. The present study assessed the safety, maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and preliminary antitumor activity of lenvatinib and cellular immunotherapy in a murine model of renal cell carcinoma (RCC)...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912851/molecular-mechanism-of-mir-181b-in-heart-disease-due-to-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-syndrome
#14
Zheng Gao, Li Wang, Jinyun Wang, Fengyong Yang, Jin Qu
The present study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanisms of microRNA (miR)-181b in heart disease due to hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy (HDCP) through regulating the expression of metallopeptidase inhibitor 3 (TIMP3). miR-181b expression was detected by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction in peripheral blood samples from patients with HDCP. These samples were analyzed for clinical pathological characteristics. The primary cardiomyocytes of rats were cultured in hypoxic conditions for 24 h, in which miR-181b expression was detected at different time points...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912263/hemodynamic-phenotyping-of-pulmonary-hypertension-in-left-heart-failure
#15
REVIEW
Robert Naeije, Mario Gerges, Jean-Luc Vachiery, Sergio Caravita, Christian Gerges, Irene M Lang
Increased pulmonary venous pressure secondary to left heart disease is the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH). The diagnosis of PH due to left heart disease relies on a clinical probability assessment followed by the invasive measurements of a mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) ≥25 mm Hg and mean wedged PAP (PAWP) >15 mm Hg. A combination of mean PAP and mean PAWP defines postcapillary PH. Postcapillary PH is generally associated with a diastolic pulmonary pressure gradient (diastolic PAP minus mean PAWP) <7 mm Hg, a transpulmonary pressure gradient (mean PAP minus mean PAWP) <12 mm Hg, and pulmonary vascular resistance ≤3 Wood units (WU)...
September 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912026/influence-of-various-therapeutic-strategies-on-right-ventricular-morphology-function-and-hemodynamics-in-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#16
Roberto Badagliacca, Amresh Raina, Stefano Ghio, Michele D'Alto, Marco Confalonieri, Michele Correale, Marco Corda, Giuseppe Paciocco, Carlo Lombardi, Massimiliano Mulè, Roberto Poscia, Laura Scelsi, Paola Argiento, Susanna Sciomer, Raymond L Benza, Carmine Dario Vizza
BACKGROUND: In idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) treatment goals include improving right ventricular (RV) function, hemodynamics and symptoms to move patients to a low-risk category for adverse clinical outcomes. No data are available on the effect of upfront combination therapy on RV improvement as compared with monotherapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate echocardiographic RV morphology and function in patients affected by IPAH and treated with different strategies...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911613/proteomic-changes-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-a-fructose-fed-rat-model
#17
Cheng-Chu Hsieh, Chen-Chung Liao, Yi-Chun Liao, Lucy Sun Hwang, Liang-Yi Wu, Shu-Chen Hsieh
Metabolic syndrome (MetS), characterized by a constellation of disorders such as hyperglycemia, insulin resistance, and hypertension, is becoming a major global public health problem. Fructose consumption has increased dramatically over the past several decades and with it the incidence of MetS. However, its molecular mechanisms remain to be explored. In this study, we used male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats to study the pathological mechanism of fructose induced MetS. The SD rats were fed a 60% high-fructose diet for 16 weeks to induce MetS...
October 2016: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911310/how-to-treat-patients-with-essential-hypertension-and-peripheral-arterial-disease
#18
Salvatore Santo Signorelli
BACKGROUND: Arterial hypertension (AH) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD) frequently coincide. While significant attention is paid to AH, PAD is often underestimated. It is known that both AH and PAD present high cardiovascular risks for ischemic events. To date, the use of the most common anti-hypertensive drugs in PAD patients is still under debate. METHODS: Data from studies of large populations and minor cohorts of patients show AH and PAD together or PAD alone...
June 7, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911306/management-of-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Ruth Hanssen, Lisa Ravarani, Heiner K Berthold
BACKGROUND: In patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) there is a clear association between blood pressure (BP) levels and macrovascular and microvascular complications. However, the BP targets that need to be achieved for optimal outcomes remain controversial. METHODS: The purpose of this narrative review is to discuss BP targets and management in patients with DM. The subject of elevated heart rate, which has been associated with mortality in many populations, and which is observed in some patients with DM will also be addressed...
June 8, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911177/deoxycorticosterone-salt-mediated-cardiac-inflammation-and-fibrosis-are-dependent-on-functional-clock-signaling-in-male-mice
#20
Elizabeth K Fletcher, James Morgan, David R Kennaway, Laura A Bienvenu, Amanda J Rickard, Lea M D Delbridge, Peter J Fuller, Colin D Clyne, Morag J Young
Activation of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) promotes inflammation, fibrosis, and hypertension. Clinical and experimental studies show that MR antagonists have significant therapeutic benefit for all-cause heart failure; however, blockade of renal MRs limits their widespread use. Identification of key downstream signaling mechanisms for the MR in the cardiovascular system may enable development of targeted MR antagonists with selectivity for pathological MR signaling and lower impact on physiological renal electrolyte handling...
September 1, 2017: Endocrinology
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