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Histidine kinase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244079/a-non-hemolytic-group-b-streptococcus-strain-exhibits-hypervirulence
#1
Claire Gendrin, Jay Vornhagen, Blair Armistead, Pallavi Singh, Christopher Whidbey, Sean Merillat, David Knupp, Robert Parker, Lisa M Rogers, Phoenicia Quach, Lakshminarayan M Iyer, L Aravind, Shannon D Manning, David M Aronoff, Lakshmi Rajagopal
Group B Streptococci (GBS) are gram-positive bacteria that are a leading cause of neonatal infections. Most invasive isolates are -hemolytic and hemolytic activity is critical for GBS virulence. While non-hemolytic GBS strains are occasionally isolated, they are often thought to be virulence attenuated. Here, we show that a non-hemolytic GBS strain (GB37) isolated from a septic neonate exhibits hypervirulence. Substitution of tryptophan to leucine (W297L) in the sensor histidine kinase CovS results in constitutive kinase signaling, leading to decreased hemolysis and increased activity of the GBS hyaluronidase, HylB...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239168/variation-in-lov-photoreceptor-activation-dynamics-probed-by-time-resolved-infrared-spectroscopy
#2
James N Iuliano, Agnieszka A Gil, Sergey P Laptenok, Christopher R Hall, Jinnette Tolentino Collado, Andras Lukacs, Safaa A Hag Ahmed, Jenna Abyad, Taraneh Daryaee, Gregory M Greetham, Igor V Sazanovich, Boris Illarionov, Adelbert Bacher, Markus Fischer, Michael Towrie, Jarrod B French, Stephen R Meech, Peter J Tonge
The light, oxygen, voltage (LOV) domain proteins are blue light photoreceptors that utilize a non-covalently bound flavin mononucleotide (FMN) cofactor as the chromophore. The modular nature of these proteins has led to their wide adoption in the emerging fields of optogenetics and optobiology, where the LOV domain has been fused to a variety of output domains leading to novel light-controlled applications. In the present work, we extend our studies of the sub-picosecond to several hundred microsecond transient infrared spectroscopy of the isolated LOV domain AsLOV2 to three full-length photoreceptors in which the LOV domain is fused to an output domain: the LOV-STAS protein, YtvA, the LOV-HTH transcription factor, EL222, and the LOV-histidine kinase, LovK...
December 14, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235472/a-ph-gated-conformational-switch-regulates-the-phosphatase-activity-of-bifunctional-hiska-family-histidine-kinases
#3
Yixiang Liu, Joshua Rose, Shaojia Huang, Yangbo Hu, Qiong Wu, Dan Wang, Conggang Li, Maili Liu, Pei Zhou, Ling Jiang
Histidine kinases are key regulators in the bacterial two-component systems that mediate the cellular response to environmental changes. The vast majority of the sensor histidine kinases belong to the bifunctional HisKA family, displaying both kinase and phosphatase activities toward their substrates. The molecular mechanisms regulating the opposing activities of these enzymes are not well understood. Through a combined NMR and crystallographic study on the histidine kinase HK853 and its response regulator RR468 from Thermotoga maritima, here we report a pH-mediated conformational switch of HK853 that shuts off its phosphatase activity under acidic conditions...
December 13, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229875/re-engineering-the-two-component-systems-as-light-regulated-in-escherichia-coli
#4
Siya Ma, Siwei Luo, L I Wu, Zhi Liang, Jia-Rui Wu
Bacteria live in environments with dynamic changes. To sense and respond to different external stimuli, bacteria make use of various sensor-response circuits, called two-component systems (TCSs). A TCS comprises a histidine protein kinase (HK) sensing environmental stimuli and a response regulator protein (RR) regulating downstream genes. The two components are coupled via a phosphorylation control mechanism. In a recent study, we adopted an optogenetics approach to re-engineer the sensor HKs in Escherichia coli as a light-sensing fusion protein...
December 2017: Journal of Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229700/flexible-hinges-in-bacterial-chemoreceptors
#5
Narahari Akkaladevi, Filiz Bunyak, David Stalla, Tommi A White, Gerald L Hazelbauer
Transmembrane bacterial chemoreceptors are extended, rod-shaped homodimers with ligand-binding sites at one end and interaction sites for formation of signaling complexes and histidine kinase control at the other. There are atomic-resolution structures of chemoreceptor fragments but not of intact, membrane-inserted receptors. Electron tomography of in vivo signaling complex arrays lack distinct densities for chemoreceptor rods away from the well-ordered base plate region, implying structural heterogeneity. We investigated using negative staining, transmission electron microscopy and image analysis to characterize molecular shapes of intact homodimers of Escherichia coli aspartate receptor Tar rendered functional by insertion into Nanodisc-provided E...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228177/poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-hyperproduction-by-a-global-nitrogen-regulator-ntrb-mutant-strain-of-paracoccus-denitrificans-pd1222
#6
Alfonso Olaya-Abril, Víctor M Luque-Almagro, Isabel Manso, Andrew J Gates, Conrado Moreno-Vivián, David J Richardson, María Dolores Roldán
Paracoccus denitrificans PD1222 accumulates short-length polyhydroxyalkanoates, poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), under nitrogen deficient conditions. Polyhydroxybutyrate metabolism requires the 3-ketoacyl-CoA thiolase PhaA, the acetoacetyl-CoA dehydrogenase/reductase PhaB, and the synthase PhaC for polymerization. Additionally, P. denitrificans PD1222 grows aerobically with nitrate as sole nitrogen source. Nitrate assimilation is controlled negatively by ammonium through the two-component NtrBC system. NtrB is a sensor kinase that autophosphorylates a histidine residue under low nitrogen concentrations and, in turn transfers a phosphoryl group to an aspartate residue of the response regulator NtrC protein, which acts as a transcriptional activator of the P...
December 6, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212037/a-bacterial-receptor-pcrk-senses-the-plant-hormone-cytokinin-to-promote-adaptation-to-oxidative-stress
#7
Fang-Fang Wang, Shou-Ting Cheng, Yao Wu, Bao-Zhen Ren, Wei Qian
Recognition of the host plant is a prerequisite for infection by pathogenic bacteria. However, how bacterial cells sense plant-derived stimuli, especially chemicals that function in regulating plant development, remains completely unknown. Here, we have identified a membrane-bound histidine kinase of the phytopathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris, PcrK, as a bacterial receptor that specifically detects the plant cytokinin 2-isopentenyladenine (2iP). 2iP binds to the extracytoplasmic region of PcrK to decrease its autokinase activity...
December 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208747/proposed-role-for-kaic-like-atpases-as-major-signal-transduction-hubs-in-archaea
#8
Kira S Makarova, Michael Y Galperin, Eugene V Koonin
All organisms must adapt to ever-changing environmental conditions and accordingly have evolved diverse signal transduction systems. In bacteria, the most abundant networks are built around the two-component signal transduction systems that include histidine kinases and receiver domains. In contrast, eukaryotic signal transduction is dominated by serine/threonine/tyrosine protein kinases. Both of these systems are also found in archaea, but they are not as common and diversified as their bacterial and eukaryotic counterparts, suggesting the possibility that archaea have evolved other, still uncharacterized signal transduction networks...
December 5, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200201/the-actions-of-nme1-ndpk-a-and-nme2-ndpk-b-as-protein-kinases
#9
Paul V Attwood, Richmond Muimo
Nucleoside diphosphate kinases (NDPKs) are multifunctional proteins encoded by the nme (non-metastatic cells) genes, also called NM23. NDPKs catalyze the transfer of γ-phosphate from nucleoside triphosphates to nucleoside diphosphates by a ping-pong mechanism involving the formation of a high-energy phosphohistidine intermediate. Growing evidence shows that NDPKs, particularly NDPK-B, can additionally act as a protein histidine kinase. Protein kinases and phosphatases that regulate reversible O-phosphorylation of serine, threonine, and tyrosine residues have been studied extensively in many organisms...
December 4, 2017: Laboratory Investigation; a Journal of Technical Methods and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199270/mechanism-of-early-light-signaling-by-the-carboxy-terminal-output-module-of-arabidopsis-phytochrome-b
#10
Yongjian Qiu, Elise K Pasoreck, Amit K Reddy, Akira Nagatani, Wenxiu Ma, Joanne Chory, Meng Chen
Plant phytochromes are thought to transduce light signals by mediating the degradation of phytochrome-interacting transcription factors (PIFs) through the N-terminal photosensory module, while the C-terminal module, including a histidine kinase-related domain (HKRD), does not participate in signaling. Here we show that the C-terminal module of Arabidopsis phytochrome B (PHYB) is sufficient to mediate the degradation of PIF3 specifically and to activate photosynthetic genes in the dark. The HKRD is a dimerization domain for PHYB homo and heterodimerization...
December 4, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182466/two-agrobacterium-tumefaciens-chew-proteins-are-incorporated-into-one-chemosensory-pathway-with-different-efficiencies
#11
Zhiwei Huang, Qingxuan Zhou, Pan Sun, Jing Yang, Minliang Guo
Agrobacterium tumefaciens is the causative agent that causes the crown gall tumor disease on more than 140 species of dicotyledonous plants. Chemotaxis of A. tumefaciens toward the wound sites of the host plant is the first step to recognize the host. CheW is a coupling protein that bridges the histidine kinase CheA and the chemoreceptors to form the chemotaxis core signaling complex and plays a crucial role in the assembly and function of the large chemosensory array. Unlike all the previously reported chemotaxis systems, A...
November 28, 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180752/the-e-coli-dicarboxylic-acid-transporters-daua-act-as-a-signal-transducer-by-interacting-with-the-dcta-uptake-system
#12
Eleni Karinou, Paul A Hoskisson, Alexander Strecker, Gottfried Unden, Arnaud Javelle
The Slc26A/SulP family of ions transporter is ubiquitous and widpsread in all kingdon of life. In E. coli, we have demonstrated that the Slc26 protein DauA is a C4-dicarboxilic acids (C4-diC) transporter active at acidic pH. The main C4-diC transporter active at pH7 is DctA and is induced by C4-diC via the DcuS/R two component system. DctA interacts with DcuS, the membrane embedded histidine kinase, to transfers DcuS to the responsive state, i.e. in the absence of DctA, DcuS is permanently "on", but its activity is C4-diC-dependent when in complex with DctA...
November 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167535/transcriptomic-profiling-of-alternaria-longipes-invasion-in-tobacco-reveals-pathogenesis-regulated-by-alhk1-a-group-iii-histidine-kinase
#13
Juan Yang, Zhi-Qun Yin, Zi-Teng Kang, Chen-Jian Liu, Jin-Kui Yang, Jian-Hua Yao, Yi-Yong Luo
Tobacco brown spot, caused by Alternaria species, is a devastating tobacco disease. To explore the role of a group III histidine kinase (AlHK1) on A. longipes pathogenesis, the invasion progress of A. longipes was monitored. We found that the wild-type strain C-00 invaded faster than the AlHK1-disrupted strain HK∆4 in the early and middle infection stages and the reverse trend occurred in the late infection stage. Then, eight invasion transcriptomes were performed using RNA-Seq and 205 shared, 505 C-00 and 222 HK∆4 specific differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified...
November 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163430/pdtas-deficiency-affects-resistance-of-mycobacteria-to-ribosome-targeting-antibiotics
#14
Karolina Dadura, Renata Płocińska, Anna Rumijowska-Galewicz, Przemysław Płociński, Anna Żaczek, Bożena Dziadek, Andrzej Zaborowski, Jarosław Dziadek
Two-component regulatory systems (TCSSs) are key regulatory elements responsible for the adaptation of bacteria to environmental stresses. A classical TCSS is typically comprised of a sensory histidine kinase and a corresponding response regulator. Here, we used homologous recombination to construct a Mycobacterium smegmatis mutant defective in the synthesis of cytosolic histidine kinase PdtaS (Msmeg_1918). The resulting ΔpdtaS mutant strain was tested in the Phenotype Microarray screening system, which allowed us to identify aminoglycoside antibiotic sensitivity, tetracyclines antibiotic resistance as well as membrane transport and respiration, as the main processes affected by removal of pdtaS...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157262/immunoproteomic-analysis-of-the-excretory-secretory-products-of-trichinella-pseudospiralis-adult-worms-and-newborn-larvae
#15
Yang Wang, Xue Bai, Haichao Zhu, Xuelin Wang, Haining Shi, Bin Tang, Pascal Boireau, Xuepeng Cai, Xuenong Luo, Mingyuan Liu, Xiaolei Liu
BACKGROUND: The nematode Trichinella pseudospiralis is an intracellular parasite of mammalian skeletal muscle cells and exists in a non-encapsulated form. Previous studies demonstrated that T. pseudospiralis could induce a lower host inflammatory response. Excretory-secretory (ES) proteins as the most important products of host-parasite interaction may play the main functional role in alleviating host inflammation. However, the ES products of T. pseudospiralis early stage are still unknown...
November 21, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115539/two%C3%A2-component-histidine-kinase-drk1-is-required-for-pathogenesis-in-sporothrix%C3%A2-schenckii
#16
Zhenying Zhang, Binbin Hou, Yong Zhuo Wu, Ying Wang, Xiaoming Liu, Shixin Han
Sporothrix schenckii is a pathogenic dimorphic fungus with a global distribution. It grows in a multicellular hyphal form at 25˚C and a unicellular yeast form at 37˚C. The morphological switch from mold to yeast form is obligatory for establishing pathogenicity in S. schenckii. Two‑component signaling systems are utilized by eukaryotes to sense and respond to external environmental changes. DRK1is a hybrid histidine kinase, which functions as a global regulator of dimorphism and virulence in Blastomyces dermatitidis and Histoplasma capsulatum...
November 7, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110989/repurposing-hsp90-inhibitors-as-antibiotics-targeting-histidine-kinases
#17
Chau D Vo, Hanna L Shebert, Shannon Zikovich, Rebecca A Dryer, Tony P Huang, Lindsey J Moran, Juno Cho, Douglas R Wassarman, Bryn E Falahee, Peter D Young, Garrick H Gu, James F Heinl, John W Hammond, Taylor N Jackvony, Thomas E Frederick, Jimmy A Blair
To address the growing need for new antimicrobial agents, we explored whether inhibition of bacterial signaling machinery could inhibit bacterial growth. Because bacteria rely on two-component signaling systems to respond to environmental changes, and because these systems are both highly conserved and mediated by histidine kinases, inhibiting histidine kinases may provide broad spectrum antimicrobial activity. The histidine kinase ATP binding domain is conserved with the ATPase domain of eukaryotic Hsp90 molecular chaperones...
December 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092908/coordination-and-redox-state-dependent-structural-changes-of-the-heme-based-oxygen-sensor-afgchk-associated-with-intraprotein-signal-transduction
#18
Martin Stranava, Petr Man, Tereza Skalova, Petr Kolenko, Jan Blaha, Veronika Fojtikova, Vaclav Martinek, Jan Dohnalek, Alzbeta Lengalova, Michal Rosulek, Toru Shimizu, Marketa Martinkova
The heme-based oxygen sensor histidine kinase AfGcHK is part of a two-component signal transduction system in bacteria. O2 binding to the Fe(II) heme complex of its N-terminal globin domain strongly stimulates autophosphorylation at His-183 in its C-terminal kinase domain. The 6-coordinate heme Fe(III)-OH- and -CN- complexes of AfGcHK are also active, but the 5-coordinate heme Fe(II) complex and the heme-free apo-form are inactive. Here, we determined the crystal structures of the isolated dimeric globin domains of the active Fe(III)-CN- and inactive 5-coordinate Fe(II) forms, revealing striking structural differences on the heme-proximal side of the globin domain...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091581/ethylene-production-in-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6803-promotes-phototactic-movement
#19
Ekaterina Kuchmina, Stephan Klähn, Annik Jakob, Werner Bigott, Heike Enke, Ulf Dühring, Annegret Wilde
Ethylene is a gaseous signal sensed by plants and bacteria. Heterologous expression of the ethylene-forming enzyme (EFE) from Pseudomonas syringae in cyanobacteria leads to the production of ethylene under photoautotrophic conditions. The recent characterization of an ethylene-responsive signalling pathway affecting phototaxis in the cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 implied that biotechnologically relevant ethylene synthesis may induce regulatory processes that are not related to changes in metabolism...
November 1, 2017: Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067003/two-component-signal-transduction-systems-of-pathogenic-bacteria-as-targets-for-antimicrobial-therapy-an-overview
#20
REVIEW
Sandeep Tiwari, Syed B Jamal, Syed S Hassan, Paulo V S D Carvalho, Sintia Almeida, Debmalya Barh, Preetam Ghosh, Artur Silva, Thiago L P Castro, Vasco Azevedo
The bacterial communities in a wide range of environmental niches sense and respond to numerous external stimuli for their survival. Primarily, a source they require to follow up this communication is the two-component signal transduction system (TCS), which typically comprises a sensor Histidine kinase for receiving external input signals and a response regulator that conveys a proper change in the bacterial cell physiology. For numerous reasons, TCSs have ascended as convincing targets for antibacterial drug design...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
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