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Histidine kinase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426203/tyrosine-kinase-activation-and-conformational-flexibility-lessons-from-src-family-tyrosine-kinases
#1
Yilin Meng, Matthew P Pond, Benoît Roux
Protein kinases are enzymes that catalyze the covalent transfer of the γ-phosphate of an adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecule onto a tyrosine, serine, threonine, or histidine residue in the substrate and thus send a chemical signal to networks of downstream proteins. They are important cellular signaling enzymes that regulate cell growth, proliferation, metabolism, differentiation, and migration. Unregulated protein kinase activity is often associated with a wide range of diseases, therefore making protein kinases major therapeutic targets...
April 20, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425142/signaling-complexes-control-the-chemotaxis-kinase-by-altering-its-apparent-rate-constant-of-autophosphorylation
#2
Wenlin Pan, Frederick W Dahlquist, Gerald L Hazelbauer
Autophosphorylating histidine kinase CheA is central to signaling in bacterial chemotaxis. The kinase donates its phosphoryl group to two response regulators, CheY that controls flagellar rotation and thus motility and CheB, crucial for sensory adaptation. As measured by coupled CheY phosphorylation, incorporation into signaling complexes activates the kinase ∼1,000-fold and places it under control of chemoreceptors. By the same assay, receptors modulate kinase activity ∼100-fold as a function of receptor ligand occupancy and adaptational modification...
April 20, 2017: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416707/distinct-domains-confer-chea-with-unique-functions-in-chemotaxis-and-cell-length-in-azospirillum-brasilense-sp7
#3
Jessica M Gullett, Amber Bible, Gladys Alexandre
Chemotaxis is the movement of cells in response to gradients of diverse chemical cues. Motile bacteria utilize a conserved chemotaxis signal transduction system to bias their motility and navigate through a gradient. A central regulator of chemotaxis is the histidine kinase, CheA. This cytoplasmic protein interacts with membrane-bound receptors, which assemble into large polar arrays, to propagate the signal. In the alphaproteobacterium, Azospirillum brasilense, Che1 controls transient increases in swimming speed during chemotaxis, but it also biases the cell length at division...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414633/genome-wide-analysis-provides-evidence-on-the-genetic-relatedness-of-the-emergent-xylella-fastidiosa-genotype-in-italy-to-isolates-from-central-america
#4
Annalisa Giampetruzzi, Maria Saponari, Giuliana Loconsole, Donato Boscia, Vito Nicola Savino, Rodrigo Almeida, Stefania Zicca, Blanca Landa, Carlos Chacon Diaz, Pasquale Saldarelli
Xylella fastidiosa is a plant pathogenic bacterium recently introduced in Europe that is causing decline in olive trees in the South of Italy. Genetic studies have consistently shown that the bacterial genotype recovered from infected olive trees belongs to the sequence type ST53 within subspecies pauca. This genotype, ST53, has also been reported to occur in Costa Rica. The ancestry of ST53 was recently clarified, showing it contains alleles which are monophyletic with those of subsp. pauca in South America...
April 17, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411489/kale-borack1-is-involved-in-the-plant-response-to-salt-stress-and-peronospora-brassicae-gaumann
#5
Da-Hong Li, Fu-Jia Shen, Hong-Yan Li, Wei Li
The receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) belongs to a protein subfamily containing a tryptophan-aspartic acid-domain (WD) repeat structure. Compelling evidence indicates that RACK1 can interact with many signal molecules and affect different signal transduction pathways. In this study, a kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala f.tricolor) RACK1 gene (BoRACK1) was cloned by RT-PCR. The amino acid sequence of BoRACK1 had seven WD repeats in which there were typical GH (glycine-histidine) and WD dipeptides...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410609/engineered-microbial-biosensors-based-on-bacterial-two-component-systems-as-synthetic-biotechnology-platforms-in-bioremediation-and-biorefinery
#6
REVIEW
Sambandam Ravikumar, Mary Grace Baylon, Si Jae Park, Jong-Il Choi
Two-component regulatory systems (TCRSs) mediate cellular response by coupling sensing and regulatory mechanisms. TCRSs are comprised of a histidine kinase (HK), which serves as a sensor, and a response regulator, which regulates expression of the effector gene after being phosphorylated by HK. Using these attributes, bacterial TCRSs can be engineered to design microbial systems for different applications. This review focuses on the current advances in TCRS-based biosensors and on the design of microbial systems for bioremediation and their potential application in biorefinery...
April 14, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408903/anti-bacterial-and-anti-biofilm-evaluation-of-thiazolopyrimidinone-derivatives-targeting-the-histidine-kinase-yycg-protein-of-staphylococcus-epidermidis
#7
Zhihui Lv, Dan Zhao, Jun Chang, Huayong Liu, Xiaofei Wang, Jinxin Zheng, Renzheng Huang, Zhiwei Lin, Yongpeng Shang, Lina Ye, Yang Wu, Shiqing Han, Di Qu
Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of the most important opportunistic pathogens in nosocomial infections. The main pathogenicity associated with S. epidermidis involves the formation of biofilms on implanted medical devices, biofilms dramatically decrease the efficacy of conventional antibiotics and the host immune system. This emphasizes the urgent need for designing novel anti-staphylococcal biofilm agents. Based on the findings that compound 5, targeting the histidine kinase domain of S. epidermidis YycG, possessed bactericidal activity against staphylococci, 39 derivatives of compound 5 with intact thiazolopyrimidinone core structures were newly designed, 7 derivatives were further screened to explore their anti-bacterial and anti-biofilm activities...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405163/enhancing-sirna-based-cancer-therapy-using-a-new-ph-responsive-activatable-cell-penetrating-peptide-modified-liposomal-system
#8
Bai Xiang, Xue-Li Jia, Jin-Long Qi, Li-Ping Yang, Wei-Hong Sun, Xiao Yan, Shao-Kun Yang, De-Ying Cao, Qing Du, Xian-Rong Qi
As a potent therapeutic agent, small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been exploited to silence critical genes involved in tumor initiation and progression. However, development of a desirable delivery system is required to overcome the unfavorable properties of siRNA such as its high degradability, molecular size, and negative charge to help increase its accumulation in tumor tissues and promote efficient cellular uptake and endosomal/lysosomal escape of the nucleic acids. In this study, we developed a new activatable cell-penetrating peptide (ACPP) that is responsive to an acidic tumor microenvironment, which was then used to modify the surfaces of siRNA-loaded liposomes...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404995/glucose-uptake-in-azotobacter-vinelandii-occurs-through-a-glup-transporter-that-is-under-the-control-of-the-cbra-cbrb-and-hfq-crc-systems
#9
Elva Quiroz-Rocha, Renata Moreno, Armando Hernández-Ortíz, Juan Carlos Fragoso-Jiménez, Luis Felipe Muriel-Millán, Josefina Guzmán, Guadalupe Espín, Fernando Rojo, Cinthia Núñez
Azotobacter vinelandii, a strict aerobic, nitrogen fixing bacterium in the Pseudomonadaceae family, exhibits a preferential use of acetate over glucose as a carbon source. In this study, we show that GluP (Avin04150), annotated as an H(+)-coupled glucose-galactose symporter, is the glucose transporter in A. vinelandii. This protein, which is widely distributed in bacteria and archaea, is uncommon in Pseudomonas species. We found that expression of gluP was under catabolite repression control thorugh the CbrA/CbrB and Crc/Hfq regulatory systems, which were functionally conserved between A...
April 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400017/screening-of-the-two-component-system-histidine-kinases-of-listeria-monocytogenes-egd-e-lias-is-needed-for-growth-under-heat-acid-alkali-osmotic-ethanol-and-oxidative-stresses
#10
Anna Pöntinen, Miia Lindström, Mikael Skurnik, Hannu Korkeala
To study the role of each two-component system (TCS) histidine kinase (HK) in stress tolerance of Listeria monocytogenes EGD-e, we monitored the growth of individual HK deletion mutant strains under heat (42.5 °C), acid (pH 5.6), alkali (pH 9.4), osmotic (6% NaCl), ethanol (3.5 vol%), and oxidative (5 mM H2O2) stresses. The growth of ΔliaS (Δlmo1021) strain was impaired under each stress, with the most notable decrease under heat and osmotic stresses. The ΔvirS (Δlmo1741) strain showed nearly completely restricted growth at high temperature and impaired growth in ethanol...
August 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397853/hydrodynamics-of-the-vana-type-vans-histidine-kinase-an-extended-solution-conformation-and-first-evidence-for-interactions-with-vancomycin
#11
Mary K Phillips-Jones, Guy Channell, Claire J Kelsall, Charlotte S Hughes, Alison E Ashcroft, Simon G Patching, Vlad Dinu, Richard B Gillis, Gary G Adams, Stephen E Harding
VanA-type resistance to glycopeptide antibiotics in clinical enterococci is regulated by the VanSARA two-component signal transduction system. The nature of the molecular ligand that is recognised by the VanSA sensory component has not hitherto been identified. Here we employ purified, intact and active VanSA membrane protein (henceforth referred to as VanS) in analytical ultracentrifugation experiments to study VanS oligomeric state and conformation in the absence and presence of vancomycin. A combination of sedimentation velocity and sedimentation equilibrium in the analytical ultracentrifuge (SEDFIT, SEDFIT-MSTAR and MULTISIG analysis) showed that VanS in the absence of the ligand is almost entirely monomeric (molar mass M = 45...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396353/the-histidine-residue-of-qsec-is-required-for-canonical-signaling-between-qseb-and-pmrb-in-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli
#12
Erin J Breland, Ellisa W Zhang, Tomas Bermudez, Charles R Martinez, Maria Hadjifrangiskou
Two-component systems are prototypically comprised of a histidine kinase (sensor) and a response regulator (responder). The sensor kinases auto-phosphorylate at a conserved histidine residue, acting as a phospho-donor for subsequent phosphotransfer to and activation of a cognate response regulator. In rare cases, the histidine residue is also essential for response regulator de-phosphorylation via a reverse-phosphotransfer reaction. In this work, we present an example of a kinase that relies on reverse-phosphotransfer to catalyze the de-phosphorylation of its cognate partner...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386418/protein-interaction-networks-at-the-host-microbe-interface-in-diaphorina-citri-the-insect-vector-of-the-citrus-greening-pathogen
#13
J S Ramsey, J D Chavez, R Johnson, S Hosseinzadeh, J E Mahoney, J P Mohr, F Robison, X Zhong, D G Hall, M MacCoss, J Bruce, M Cilia
The Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri) is the insect vector responsible for the worldwide spread of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (CLas), the bacterial pathogen associated with citrus greening disease. Developmental changes in the insect vector impact pathogen transmission, such that D. citri transmission of CLas is more efficient when bacteria are acquired by nymphs when compared with adults. We hypothesize that expression changes in the D. citri immune system and commensal microbiota occur during development and regulate vector competency...
February 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378335/light-influences-cytokinin-biosynthesis-and-sensing-in-nostoc-cyanobacteria
#14
Jitka Frébortová, Ondřej Plíhal, Vendula Florová, Filip Kokáš, Karolina Kubiasová, Marta Greplová, Jan Šimura, Ondřej Novák, Ivo Frébort
Cytokinins are an important group of plant hormones that are also found in other organisms, including cyanobacteria. While various aspects of cytokinin function and metabolism are well understood in plants, the information is limited for cyanobacteria. In this study, we first experimentally confirmed a prenylation of tRNA by recombinant isopentenyl transferase NoIPT2 from Nostoc sp. PCC 7120, whose encoding gene we previously identified in Nostoc genome along with the gene for adenylate isopentenyl transferase NoIPT1...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Phycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369120/fatty-acid-dsf-binds-and-allosterically-activates-histidine-kinase-rpfc-of-phytopathogenic-bacterium-xanthomonas-campestris-pv-campestris-to-regulate-quorum-sensing-and-virulence
#15
Zhen Cai, Zhi-Hui Yuan, Huan Zhang, Yue Pan, Yao Wu, Xiu-Qi Tian, Fang-Fang Wang, Li Wang, Wei Qian
As well as their importance to nutrition, fatty acids (FA) represent a unique group of quorum sensing chemicals that modulate the behavior of bacterial population in virulence. However, the way in which full-length, membrane-bound receptors biochemically detect FA remains unclear. Here, we provide genetic, enzymological and biophysical evidences to demonstrate that in the phytopathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, a medium-chain FA diffusible signal factor (DSF) binds directly to the N-terminal, 22 amino acid-length sensor region of a receptor histidine kinase (HK), RpfC...
April 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331163/in-vitro-evaluation-of-candidate-bacillus-spp-for-animal-feed
#16
Sirima Mingmongkolchai, Watanalai Panbangred
The aim of this study was to select aerobic spore-formers for animal feed based on their in vitro probiotic potential, including their enzyme-producing ability and safety assessment. Seven isolates out of 187 spore-forming bacteria were selected for their ability to produce cellulase (89.21-1668.32 U/ml), xylanase (1399.68-4351.10 U/ml), and phytase (2.72-28.70 U/ml). Among seven isolates, five had activities towards a broad range of p-nitrophenyl esters with acyl chain lengths from C2 to C12. The probiotic properties of all selected isolates varied with respect to their acid and bile salt tolerance under simulated gastrointestinal tract (GIT) conditions, and their adherence ability to human intestinal cell lines (Caco-2 and HT-29)...
March 22, 2017: Journal of General and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295748/role-of-the-sln1-phosphorelay-pathway-in-the-response-to-hyperosmotic-stress-in-the-yeast-kluyveromyces-lactis
#17
Miriam Rodríguez-González, Laura Kawasaki, Nancy Velázquez-Zavala, Eunice Domínguez-Martín, Abraham Trejo-Medecigo, Natalia Martagón, Emilio Espinoza-Simón, Araceli Vázquez-Ibarra, Laura Ongay-Larios, Dimitris Georgellis, Eulàlia de Nadal, Francesc Posas, Roberto Coria
The Kluyveromyces lactis SLN1 phosphorelay system includes the osmosensor histidine kinase Sln1, the phosphotransfer protein Ypd1 and the response regulator Ssk1. Here we show that K. lactis has a functional phosphorelay system. In vitro assays, using a heterologous histidine kinase, show that the phosphate group is accepted by KlYpd1 and transferred to KlSsk1. Upon hyperosmotic stress the phosphorelay is inactivated, KlYpd1 is dephosphorylated in a KlSln1 dependent manner, and only the version of KlSsk1 that lacks the phosphate group interacts with the MAPKKK KlSsk2...
March 13, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293894/primer-aided-truncation-for-the-creation-of-hybrid-proteins
#18
Robert Stabel, Birthe Stüven, Robert Ohlendorf, Andreas Möglich
Proteins frequently display modular architecture with several domains and segments connected by linkers. Proper protein functionality hinges on finely orchestrated interactions among these constituent elements. The underlying modularity lends itself to the engineering of hybrid proteins via modular rewiring; novel properties can thus be obtained, provided the linkers connecting the individual elements are conducive to productive interactions. As a corollary, the process of protein engineering often encompasses the generation and screening of multiple linker variants...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293842/analysis-of-ethylene-receptors-assay-for-histidine-kinase-activity
#19
G Eric Schaller, Brad M Binder
The ethylene receptors of plants exist in two subfamilies. Members of subfamily-1 have functional histidine kinase domains, whereas members of subfamily-2 have diverged histidine-kinase-like domains that in some cases have been shown to exhibit Ser/Thr kinase activity. Here, we describe a method to biochemically characterize the enzymatic activity of these kinase domains in vitro. For this purpose, the histidine kinase domain of the receptors is transgenically expressed in yeast as a fusion to glutathione-S-transferase (GST) for subsequent affinity purification...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292856/light-regulated-expression-of-sensor-histidine-kinase-cki1-controls-cytokinin-related-development
#20
Tereza Dobisova, Vendula Hrdinova, Candela Cuesta, Sarka Michlickova, Ivana Urbankova, Romana Hejatkova, Petra Žádníková, Marketa Pernisova, Eva Benkova, Jan Hejatko
In plants, the multistep phosphorelay (MSP) pathway mediates a range of regulatory processes, including those activated by cytokinins. The crosstalk between cytokinin response and light is known for a long time. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the interactionbetween light and cytokinin signaling remains elusive. In the screen for upstream regulators we identified a LONG PALE HYPOCOTYL (LPH) gene whose activity is indispensable for spatiotemporally correct expression of CYTOKININ INDEPENDENT-1 (CKI1), encoding the constitutively active sensor histidine kinase that activates MSP signaling...
March 14, 2017: Plant Physiology
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