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Histidine kinase

Dylan Brethour, Mohadeseh Mehrabian, Declan Williams, Xinzhu Wang, Farinaz Ghodrati, Sepehr Ehsani, Elizabeth A Rubie, James R Woodgett, Jean Sevalle, Zhengrui Xi, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Gerold Schmitt-Ulms
The prion protein (PrP) evolved from the subbranch of ZIP metal ion transporters comprising ZIPs 5, 6 and 10, raising the prospect that the study of these ZIPs may reveal insights relevant for understanding the function of PrP. Building on data which suggested PrP and ZIP6 are critical during epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), we investigated ZIP6 in an EMT paradigm using ZIP6 knockout cells, mass spectrometry and bioinformatic methods. Reminiscent of PrP, ZIP6 levels are five-fold upregulated during EMT and the protein forms a complex with NCAM1...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hannah Schramke, Vera Laermann, Halina E Tegetmeyer, Andreas Brachmann, Kirsten Jung, Karlheinz Altendorf
Two-component signal transduction constitutes the predominant strategy used by bacteria to adapt to fluctuating environments. The KdpD/KdpE system is one of the most widespread, and is crucial for K(+) homeostasis. In Escherichia coli, the histidine kinase KdpD senses K(+) availability, whereas the response regulator KdpE activates synthesis of the high-affinity K(+) uptake system KdpFABC. Here we show that, in the absence of KdpD, kdpFABC expression can be activated via phosphorylation of KdpE by the histidine kinase PhoR...
January 17, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
Ignacio Fernández, Irina Cornaciu, Mariela Del Carmen Carrica, Emiko Uchikawa, Guillaume Hoffmann, Rodrigo Sieira, José Antonio Márquez, Fernando A Goldbaum
Bacteria sense and adapt to environmental changes using two-component systems (TCS). These signaling pathways are formed by a histidine kinase (HK) that phosphorylates a response regulator (RR), which finally modulates the transcription of target genes. The bacterium Brucella abortus codes for a TCS formed by the HK NtrY and the RR NtrX that participates in sensing low oxygen tension and in generating an adaptive response. NtrX is a modular protein with REC, AAA+ and DNA binding domains, an architecture that classifies it among the NtrC subfamily of RRs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
Nan Wang, Zhe She, Zakiyya Ingar, Sanela Martic, Heinz-Bernhard Kraatz
Auto-phosphorylation of bacterial histidine kinases PhoR, PhoQ and EnvZ have been investigated using Adenosine-5'-[γ-ferrocene] triphosphate (Fc-ATP) as a co-substrate for the first time. The study has been carried out in solution and on surface. Results from biochemical multiplex assay and surface electrochemical/optical methods are consistent, which successfully demonstrates Fc-ATP is an efficient co-substrate for histidine kinase auto-phosphorylations. The study also has discovered that the concentration of Fc-ATP influences the auto-phosphorylation efficiency...
January 12, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Kirsten R Guckes, Erin J Breland, Ellisa W Zhang, Sarah C Hanks, Navleen K Gill, Holly M S Algood, Jonathan E Schmitz, Charles W Stratton, Maria Hadjifrangiskou
Bacteria use two-component systems (TCSs) to react appropriately to environmental stimuli. Typical TCSs comprise a sensor histidine kinase that acts as a receptor coupled to a partner response regulator that coordinates changes in bacterial behavior, often through its activity as a transcriptional regulator. TCS interactions are typically confined to cognate pairs of histidine kinases and response regulators. We describe two distinct TCSs in uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) that interact to mediate a response to ferric iron...
January 10, 2017: Science Signaling
Siegfried Weisenburger, Daniel Boening, Benjamin Schomburg, Karin Giller, Stefan Becker, Christian Griesinger, Vahid Sandoghdar
We introduce Cryogenic Optical Localization in 3D (COLD), a method to localize multiple fluorescent sites within a single small protein with Angstrom resolution. We demonstrate COLD by determining the conformational state of the cytosolic Per-ARNT-Sim domain from the histidine kinase CitA of Geobacillus thermodenitrificans and resolving the four biotin sites of streptavidin. COLD provides quantitative 3D information about small- to medium-sized biomolecules on the Angstrom scale and complements other techniques in structural biology...
January 9, 2017: Nature Methods
Boyuan Wang, Aishan Zhao, Qian Xie, Paul Dominic Olinares, Brian T Chait, Richard P Novick, Tom W Muir
Staphylococcus aureus employs the receptor histidine kinase (RHK), AgrC, to detect quorum-sensing (QS) pheromones, the autoinducer peptides (AIPs), which regulate the virulence of the bacterium. Variation in the QS circuit divides S. aureus into four subgroups, each producing a specific AIP-AgrC pair. While the timing of QS induction is known to differ among these subgroups, the molecular basis of this phenomenon is unknown. Here, we report the successful reconstitution of several AgrC variants and show that the agonist-induced activity of the receptors varies in a manner that accounts for these temporal differences in QS induction...
December 30, 2016: Cell Chemical Biology
Li-Hung Chen, Hsieh-Chin Tsai, Pei-Ling Yu, Kuang-Ren Chung
Major Facilitator Superfamily (MFS) transporters play an important role in multidrug resistance in fungi. We report an AaMFS19 gene encoding a MFS transporter required for cellular resistance to oxidative stress and fungicides in the phytopathogenic fungus Alternaria alternata. AaMFS19, containing 12 transmembrane domains, displays activity toward a broad range of substrates. Fungal mutants lacking AaMFS19 display profound hypersensitivities to cumyl hydroperoxide, potassium superoxide, many singlet oxygen-generating compounds (eosin Y, rose Bengal, hematoporphyrin, methylene blue, and cercosporin), and the cell wall biosynthesis inhibitor, Congo red...
2017: PloS One
Li Wang, Yue Pan, Zhi-Hui Yuan, Huan Zhang, Bao-Yu Peng, Fang-Fang Wang, Wei Qian
Both iron starvation and excess are detrimental to cellular life, especially for animal and plant pathogens since they always live in iron-limited environments produced by host immune responses. However, how organisms sense and respond to iron is incompletely understood. Herein, we reveal that in the phytopathogenic bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris, VgrS (also named ColS) is a membrane-bound receptor histidine kinase that senses extracytoplasmic iron limitation in the periplasm, while its cognate response regulator, VgrR (ColR), detects intracellular iron excess...
December 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Jaafar Kilani, Sabine Fillinger
Phenylpyrroles are chemical analogs of the natural antifungal compound pyrrolnitrin. Fenpiclonil, but mainly fludioxonil are registered against multiple fungal crop diseases since over 25 years for seed or foliar treatment. They have severe physiological impacts on the pathogen, including membrane hyperpolarization, changes in carbon metabolism and the accumulation of metabolites leading to hyphal swelling and burst. The selection and characterization of mutants resistant to phenylpyrroles have revealed that these fungicides activate the fungal osmotic signal transduction pathway through their perception by a typical fungal hybrid histidine kinase (HHK)...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Yoko Eguchi, Toshihide Okajima, Naoya Tochio, Yoichi Inukai, Riko Shimizu, Shuhei Ueda, Shoko Shinya, Takanori Kigawa, Tamo Fukamizo, Masayuki Igarashi, Ryutaro Utsumi
Two-component signal transduction systems (TCSs), composed of a histidine kinase sensor (HK) and its cognate response regulator, sense and respond to environmental changes and are related to the virulence of pathogens. TCSs are potential targets for alternative antibiotics and anti-virulence agents. Here we found that waldiomycin, an angucycline antibiotic that inhibits a growth essential HK, WalK, in Gram-positive bacteria, also inhibits several class I HKs from the Gram-negative Escherichia coli. NMR analyses and site-directed mutagenesis studies using the osmo-sensing EnvZ, a prototypical HK of E...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Antibiotics
Dina Raafat, Nicole Leib, Miriam Wilmes, Patrice François, Jacques Schrenzel, Hans-Georg Sahl
The bacterial cell envelope is believed to be a principal target for initiating the staphylocidal pathway of chitosan. The present study was therefore designed to investigate possible changes in cell surface phenotypes related to the in vitro chitosan resistance development in the laboratory strain S. aureus SG511-Berlin. Following a serial passage experiment, a stable chitosan-resistant variant (CRV) was identified, exhibiting >50-fold reduction in its sensitivity towards chitosan. Our analyses of the CRV identified phenotypic and genotypic features that readily distinguished it from its chitosan-susceptible parental strain, including: (i) a lower overall negative cell surface charge; (ii) cross-resistance to a number of antimicrobial agents; (iii) major alterations in cell envelope structure, cellular bioenergetics and metabolism (based on transcriptional profiling); and (iv) a repaired sensor histidine kinase GraS...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Nathan W Schmidt, Gevorg Grigoryan, William F DeGrado
Coiled-coils are essential components of many protein complexes. First discovered in structural proteins such as keratins, they have since been found to figure largely in the assembly and dynamics required for diverse functions, including membrane fusion, signal transduction and motors. Coiled-coils have a characteristic repeating 7-residue geometric and sequence motif, which is sometimes interrupted by the insertion of one or more residues. Such insertions are often highly conserved and critical to interdomain communication in signaling proteins such as bacterial histidine kinases...
December 15, 2016: Protein Science: a Publication of the Protein Society
Anjali Y Bhagirath, Sai P Pydi, Yanqi Li, Chen Lin, Weina Kong, Prashen Chelikani, Kangmin Duan
One of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients is pulmonary infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and the pathophysiology of pulmonary infection in CF is affected by the lifestyle of this micro-organism. RetS-GacS/A-RsmA is a key regulatory pathway in P. aeruginosa that determines the bacterium's lifestyle choice. Previously, we identified PA1611, a hybrid sensor kinase, as a new player in this pathway that interacts with RetS and influences biofilm formation and type III secretion system...
December 13, 2016: ACS Infectious Diseases
José Hernandez-Valle, Clelia Domenzain, Javier de la Mora, Sebastian Poggio, Georges Dreyfus, Laura Camarena
: Rhodobacter sphaeroides is a α-proteobacterium that has two complete sets of flagellar genes. The fla1 set was acquired by horizontal transfer from an ancestral γ-proteobacterium and is the only set of flagellar genes that is expressed during growth under standard laboratory conditions. The products of these genes assemble a single, subpolar flagellum. In the absence of the Fla1 flagellum, a gain-of-function mutation in the histidine kinase CckA turns on the expression of the fla2 flagellar genes through the response regulator CtrA...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
François Héricourt, Françoise Chefdor, Inès Djeghdir, Mélanie Larcher, Florent Lafontaine, Vincent Courdavault, Daniel Auguin, Franck Coste, Christiane Depierreux, Mirai Tanigawa, Tatsuya Maeda, Gaëlle Glévarec, Sabine Carpin
Previous works have shown the existence of protein partnerships belonging to a MultiStep Phosphorelay (MSP) in Populus putatively involved in osmosensing. This study is focused on the identification of a histidine-aspartate kinase, HK1b, paralog of HK1a. The characterization of HK1b showed its ability to homo- and hetero-dimerize and to interact with a few Histidine-containing Phosphotransfer (HPt) proteins, suggesting a preferential partnership in poplar MSP linked to drought perception. Furthermore, determinants for interaction specificity between HK1a/1b and HPts were studied by mutagenesis analysis, identifying amino acids involved in this specificity...
December 8, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Felipe Trajtenberg, Juan A Imelio, Matías R Machado, Nicole Larrieux, Marcelo A Marti, Gonzalo Obal, Ariel E Mechaly, Alejandro Buschiazzo
Two-component systems (TCS) are protein machineries that enable cells to respond to input signals. Histidine kinases (HK) are the sensory component, transferring information toward downstream response regulators (RR). HKs transfer phosphoryl groups to their specific RRs, but also dephosphorylate them, overall ensuring proper signaling. The mechanisms by which HKs discriminate between such disparate directions, are yet unknown. We now disclose crystal structures of the HK:RR complex DesK:DesR from Bacillus subtilis, comprising snapshots of the phosphotransfer and the dephosphorylation reactions...
December 12, 2016: ELife
Wataru Tanaka, Mitsuo Shoji, Fumiaki Tomoike, Yuzuru Ujiie, Kyohei Hanaoka, Ryuhei Harada, Megumi Kayanuma, Katsumasa Kamiya, Toyokazu Ishida, Ryoji Masui, Seiki Kuramitsu, Yasuteru Shigeta
A uridine-cytidine kinase (UCK) catalyzes the phosphorylation of uridine (Urd) and cytidine (Cyd) and plays a significant role in the pyrimidine-nucleotide salvage pathway. Unlike ordinary ones, UCK from Thermus thermophilus HB8 (ttCK) loses catalytic activity on Urd due to lack of a substrate binding ability and possesses an unusual amino acid, i.e. tyrosine 93 (Tyr93) at the binding site, whereas histidine (His) is located in the other UCKs. Mutagenesis experiments revealed that a replacement of Tyr93 by His or glutamine (Gln) recovered catalytic activity on Urd...
2016: Biophysics and Physicobiology
Guojun Wang, Masumi Izawa, Xiaoge Yang, Dongbo Xu, Yukinori Tanaka, Kozo Ochi
Comparative genome sequencing analysis of a lincomycin-resistant strain of Streptomyces coelicolor A3 (2) and the wild type strain identified a novel mutation conferring a high level of lincomycin resistance. Surprisingly, the new mutation was an in-frame DNA deletion in the genes SCO4597-SCO4598, resulting in formation of the hybrid gene linR SCO4597 and SCO4598 encode two histidine kinases, which, together with SCO4596, encoding a response regulator, constitute a unique two-component system. Sequence analysis indicated that these three genes and their arrangement patterns are ubiquitous among all Streptomyces genomes sequenced to date, suggesting these genes play important regulatory roles...
December 5, 2016: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Jeremy R Dettman, Nicolas Rodrigue, Sijmen E Schoustra, Rees Kassen
Knowledge of the number and nature of genetic changes responsible for adaptation is essential for understanding and predicting evolutionary trajectories. Here, we study the genomic basis of compensatory adaptation to the fitness cost of fungicide resistance in experimentally evolved strains of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans The original selection experiment tracked the fitness recovery of lines founded by an ancestral strain that was resistant to fludioxonil, but paid a fitness cost in the absence of the fungicide...
November 30, 2016: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
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