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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657674/united-states-preventive-services-task-force-overstates-cosmetic-harms-of-skin-cancer-screening
#1
EDITORIAL
Joseph F Sobanko, Kimberly Shao, Rebecca L Pearl, Sancy Leachman
The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) 2016 recommendation for skin cancer screening in asymptomatic healthy adults concluded that current evidence is "insufficient to assess the balance and harms of visual skin examination." One contributing factor leading to the insufficient grade was a concern for cosmetic harms resulting from unnecessary biopsies or excisions. This commentary briefly highlights the pertinent studies and currently accepted methods for pigmented lesion biopsy...
April 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651516/-skin-cancer-screening-and-treatment-costs-utilisation-of-the-skin-cancer-screening-and-skin-cancer-treatment-costs-in-organ-transplant-recipients
#2
D Jäckel, N I Schlothauer, H Zeeb, G Wagner, M M Sachse
BACKGROUND: Organ transplant recipients have an up to 250-times higher risk to develop skin cancer. This article evaluated the utilisation of skin cancer screening and the treatment costs for skin cancer in organ transplant recipients. Patients of the health insurance AOK Bremen/Bremerhaven had been identified and the need for skin cancer prevention trainings was derived. METHODS: The number of organ transplant recipients (ICD code Z94.0-4) with and without any history of skin cancer (ICD code C43/C44), the utilisation of dermatologic health care services, and the costs for treatments with the diagnosis Z94...
April 12, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630164/comprehensive-outreach-prevention-education-and-skin-cancer-screening-for-utah-ski-resorts
#3
Amir Varedi, Aaron M Secrest, Garrett Harding, Lori Maness, Donna Branson, Kristi Smith, Christopher M Hull
Outdoor recreation can lead to substantial sun exposure. Employees of outdoor recreation establishments with extended time outdoors have amplified cumulative exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and an increased risk of skin cancer. The "Sun Safe on the Slopes" program was created by Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah and the Utah Cancer Action Network to address increased UV exposure and skin cancer risk with free skin cancer screenings, outreach, and prevention education to local ski resorts...
February 15, 2018: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617529/indoor-tanners-as-a-priority-population-for-skin-cancer-screening
#4
Mary K Tripp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 4, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617518/prevalence-and-correlates-of-skin-cancer-screening-among-indoor-tanners-and-nontanners
#5
Carolyn J Heckman, Elizabeth Handorf, Melissa V Auerbach
Importance: The US Food and Drug Administration recommends that indoor tanners (ITs) be screened regularly for skin cancer (SC). Objective: To investigate the association between indoor tanning and SC screening. Design, Setting, and Participants: The 2015 National Health Interview Survey was a multistage, clustered, cross-sectional design with 30 352 US adults participating. The response rate for the sample adult data used in this study was 55...
April 4, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555164/-recognition-and-initial-management-of-melanoma-by-general-practitioners-a-survey-in-a-rural-french-area-with-low-medical-density
#6
Valérie Zimmerlé, Emeline Laurent, Valérie Tauveron, Annabel Maruani, Emmanuelle Le Bidre, Mahtab Samimi, Laurent Machet
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous cancers are very common, easily visible on skin. The general practitioner (GP) is in the front line to manage the lesions. He has to recognize malignancy and refer most often to the specialist for excision, or consider that the lesion is benign and in ambiguous cases, offer clinical monitoring. The current low medical density in the Centre Val de Loire area makes access to general practitioners (GP) and dermatologists harder. The aim of this study was to evaluate GPs' everyday practice in cutaneous cancers screening in general, and particularly in melanoma screening, in a rural region of France...
March 16, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554154/nail-patella-syndrome-clinical-clues-for-making-the-diagnosis
#7
Alexandra Price, Jessica Cervantes, Scott Lindsey, Divya Aickara, Shasa Hu
Nail-patella syndrome (NPS) is a rare autosomal-dominant disorder characterized by the classic triad of fingernail dysplasia, patellar absence/hypoplasia, and presence of iliac horns. We describe the various features of NPS, focusing on dermatologic and musculoskeletal findings. A 69-year-old man presented to the dermatology clinic for a routine skin cancer screening. Physical examination revealed hypoplastic fingernails with longitudinal ridging, splitting, and triangular lunulae; left patellar absence and right patellar hypoplasia; and bilateral iliac horns that had been present since birth...
February 2018: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507820/cancer-screening-recommendations-an-international-comparison-of-high-income-countries
#8
REVIEW
Mark H Ebell, Thuy Nhu Thai, Kyle J Royalty
Background: Recommendations regarding cancer screening vary from country to country, and may also vary within countries depending on the organization making the recommendations. The goal of this study was to summarize the cancer screening recommendations from the 21 countries with the highest per capita spending on healthcare. Main body: Cancer screening guidelines were identified for each country based on a review of the medical literature, internet searches, and contact with key informants in most countries...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501832/hyperpigmentation-and-higher-incidence-of-cutaneous-malignancies-in-moderate-high-pcb-and-dioxin-exposed-individuals
#9
Marike M Leijs, André Esser, Philipp M Amann, Thomas Schettgen, Monika Gube, Hans F Merk, Thomas Kraus, Jens M Baron
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) are well known persistent and toxic environmental pollutants. Our aim was to identify effects of moderate-high exposure to dioxin-like (dl) and non-dioxin-like (ndl)-PCBs on the skin in order to provide more insight in the pathophysiological effects of these compounds. We performed a dermatological examination on 92 former workers from a transformer recycling company with known elevated serum PCB and/or dioxin (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin/polychlorinated dibenzo-p-furan (PCDD/F)) levels...
March 1, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374753/xeroderma-pigmentosum-facts-and-perspectives
#10
REVIEW
Janin Lehmann, Christina Seebode, Marie Christine Martens, Steffen Emmert
Ultraviolet (UV)-induced DNA lesions are almost exclusively removed by the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway, which is essential for prevention of skin cancer development. Patients with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) are extremely sun sensitive due to a genetic defect in components of the NER cascade. They present with first signs of premature skin aging at an early age, with a considerably increased risk of developing UV-induced skin cancer. XP belongs to the group of DNA repair defective disorders that are mainly diagnosed in the clinic and in hindsight confirmed at the molecular level...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374752/photocarcinogenesis-and-skin-cancer-prevention-strategies-an-update
#11
REVIEW
Marie Christine Martens, Christina Seebode, Janin Lehmann, Steffen Emmert
UV radiation is acknowledged as the primary cause of photocarcinogenesis and therefore contributes to the development of skin cancer entities such as squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), basal cell carcinoma (BCC), and melanoma. Typical DNA photoproducts and indirect DNA damage caused by reactive oxygen species are the result of UV radiation. UV-induced DNA damage is repaired by nucleotide excision repair, which consequently counteracts the development of mutations and skin carcinogenesis. Tumour-suppressor genes are inactivated by mutation and growth-promoting pathways are activated leading to disruption of cell-cycle progression...
February 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360199/trimodal-system-for-in-vivo-skin-cancer-screening-with-combined-optical-coherence-tomography-raman-and-colocalized-optoacoustic-measurements
#12
Arthur Varkentin, Mikhail Mazurenka, Elias Blumenröther, Lea Behrendt, Steffen Emmert, Uwe Morgner, Merve Meinhardt-Wollweber, Maik Rahlves, Bernhard Roth
A new multimodal system for rapid, noninvasive in vivo skin cancer screening is presented, combining optical coherence tomography (OCT) and optoacoustic (OA) modalities to provide precise tumor depth determination with a Raman spectroscopic modality capable of detecting the lesion type and, thus, providing diagnostic capability. Both OA and Raman setups use wide field skin illumination to ensure the compliance with maximum permissible exposure (MPE) requirements. The Raman signal is collected via the OCT scanning lens to maximize the signal-to-noise ratio of the measured signal while keeping radiation levels below MPE limits...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315147/nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-risk-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-undergoing-thiopurine-therapy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
Joshua W Hagen, Melissa A Pugliano-Mauro
BACKGROUND: Azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine (thiopurines) are common adjunct treatments for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Although thiopurine therapy in organ transplant recipients is known to increase nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs), dermatologic literature yields less data regarding NMSC risk of thiopurine use in IBD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review current literature on NMSC risk in patients with IBD using thiopurine therapy...
April 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249251/-what-s-new-in-oncodermatology
#14
C Lebbé
This 'What's new in oncodermatology?' addresses the developments in 2017 on the epidemiology and management of skin cancers. We observe a constant increase in carcinomas, risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma, especially in transplant recipients where skin cancer mortality is important. Among epidemiological developments in melanoma are increased mortality despite screening, occupational exposure to UV, second melanoma and higher risk after carcinoma. New classifications that should be considered are AJCC8 for melanoma and carcinoma...
December 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237168/evaluation-of-the-national-swiss-skin-cancer-screening-campaign-2013-do-we-do-the-right-thing
#15
Ralph-Peter Braun, Karina Ulrich, Robert Hunger, Olivier Gaide, Andreas Arnold, Rastine Merat, Reinhard Dummer, Jürg Hafner, Lars E French, Antonio Cozzio
BACKGROUND: Skin cancer prevention and screening programs are performed in many countries. Their benefit is discussed controversially. OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to evaluate the Skin Cancer Screening Program 2013 in Switzerland by following up screenees upon interventions. METHODS: Quality was assessed by personal follow-up via phone/e-mail of every patient that had been screened during this campaign and histological follow-up of all participants with suspicious skin lesions...
2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176098/incidence-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-in-the-uninsured
#16
Ashley Sturgeon, David Allen Pate, Ravi Patel, Katherine Snodgrass, Michelle Tarbox, Fiona Prabhu, Phillip Watkins
Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is a common reason for outpatient primary care visits. Uninsured patients may be at a higher risk for NMSC due to lack of access to health care and a possible increased risk of sun exposure due to insecure housing. The true incidence of NMSC in this population is unknown. In order to determine the population's incidence of NMSC we performed a retrospective chart review on all patients (n = 656) seen at the Lubbock Impact Free Clinic from July 1, 2014 through July 30, 2015. This highlighted an increased incidence of NMSC in our uninsured population (1...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169295/observed-and-expected-mortality-in-the-german-skin-cancer-screening-pilot-project-screen
#17
Nora Eisemann, Annika Waldmann, Bernd Holleczek, Alexander Katalinic
Objective The main purpose of skin cancer screening is melanoma mortality reduction. Before the implementation of nationwide German skin cancer screening, the pilot project SCREEN was conducted in Schleswig-Holstein in 2003-2004. We aimed to determine whether the pilot project had achieved a mortality reduction. Methods Using an incidence-based approach (patients with both melanoma diagnosis and death in 2003-2008), we compared the observed melanoma mortality of the SCREEN cohort to the melanoma mortality expected without screening in the general population of Saarland...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092508/development-of-a-combined-oct-raman-probe-for-the-prospective-in-vivo-clinical-melanoma-skin-cancer-screening
#18
M Mazurenka, L Behrendt, M Meinhardt-Wollweber, U Morgner, B Roth
A combined optical coherence tomography (OCT)-Raman probe was designed and built into a spectral domain OCT head, and its performance was evaluated and compared to the most common Raman probe setups, based on a fiber bundle and confocal free space optics. Due to the use of the full field of view of an OCT scanning lens, the combined probe has a superior performance within maximum permissible exposure limits, compared to the other two probes. Skin Raman spectra, recorded in vivo, further prove the feasibility of the OCT-Raman probe for the future in vivo clinical applications in skin cancer screening...
October 2017: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063525/evaluation-of-the-national-skin-cancer-campaign-a-swiss-experience-of-euromelanoma
#19
Sven Lieberherr, S Morteza Seyed Jafari, Simone Cazzaniga, Enrica Bianchi, Bettina Schlagenhauff, Gion Tscharner, Jürg Hafner, Carlo Mainetti, Anne-Karine Lapointe, Robert E Hunger
AIMS OF THE STUDY: Skin cancer is a burden to healthcare and patients worldwide. The incidence of skin cancer has been rising during recent decades and this trend is expected to continue in the future. Numerous risk factors have been identified and prevention strategies developed. The Euromelanoma campaign is a pan-European skin cancer prevention programme, targeted to both primary and secondary prevention of malignant melanoma. The current study aimed to evaluate the results of the Swiss skin cancer screening day 2016...
October 24, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061478/impact-of-dermatology-econsults-on-access-to-care-and-skin-cancer-screening-in-underserved-populations-a-model-for-teledermatology-services-in-community-health-centers
#20
Fludiona Naka, Jun Lu, Anthony Porto, Jose Villagra, Zhao Helen Wu, Daren Anderson
BACKGROUND: The clinical outcome of teledermatology with dermoscopy in large-scale primary care networks remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We evaluate the impact of implementing a teledermatology consultation program with dermoscopy on a statewide scale, focusing on access to care and skin cancer screening for medically underserved populations. METHODS: Descriptive retrospective cohort study of 2385 dermatology referrals from primary care from June 2014 through November 2015...
February 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
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