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"Skin cancer screening"

Kurt Ullman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Alexander H Fischer, Timothy S Wang, Gayane Yenokyan, Sewon Kang, Anna L Chien
Importance: Indoor tanning is prevalent among young adults and women and is associated with increased risk of melanoma. Evidence suggests that indoor tanners may be more inclined to adopt poor photoprotective practices that further increase their risk of skin cancer; however, gaps in the literature exist in young adults and by indoor tanning frequency. Objective: To examine the association between indoor tanning frequency and behaviors related to skin cancer prevention and to investigate whether these associations vary by age group or sex...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Alicia Brunssen, Annika Waldmann, Nora Eisemann, Alexander Katalinic
BACKGROUND: Benefits of skin cancer screening remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: We sought to update evidence on the impact of skin cancer screening and secondary prevention campaigns on skin cancer incidence, mortality, stage-specific incidence, and interval cancers after negative screening. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE for studies published in English or German between January 1, 2005, and February 4, 2015. Two reviewers independently performed study selection, data extraction, and critical appraisal...
October 1, 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Sarah Baldwin, Sheila Au
The Skin Cancer Post-Transplant (SCREEN) Clinic is a skin-cancer screening clinic that is fully integrated into the renal transplantation clinic at St Paul's Hospital in Vancouver, British Columbia. The purpose of this review was to determine characteristics of patients most at risk for skin cancer, to specify types and locations of skin cancers diagnosed, and to identify areas for patient and physician education. Transplant patients (91% renal; 5% heart) screened by a dermatologist during a 12-month period were stratified into low-, medium-, and high-risk groups based on detailed history and skin examination...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Ugur Uslu, Felix Hees, Eva Winnik, Wolfgang Uter, Michael Sticherling
Incidences of UV-induced skin cancer are continuously increasing. For this reason, early diagnosis is becoming more important. In this study, 783 employees of a technical company participated in an employee skin cancer screening program, which consisted of a physical examination for benign and malignant skin lesions and premalignant conditions. To ensure the quality of the examinations, screening was only performed by 5 trained dermatologists. Participants also were asked to complete a standardized questionnaire prior to examination...
August 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
S A Acuna, J W Huang, A L Scott, S Micic, C Daly, C Brezden-Masley, S Joseph Kim, N N Baxter
Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are at increased risk of developing and dying from cancer. However, controversies exist around cancer screening in this population owing to reduced life expectancy and competing causes of death. This systematic review assesses the availability, quality and consistency of cancer screening recommendations in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). We systematically searched bibliographic databases and gray literature to identify CPGs and assessed their quality using AGREE II...
August 30, 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
J Augustin, I Schäfer, P Thiess, M Reusch, M Augustin
BACKGROUND: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer in Germany. So far, it is unclear whether regional variations exist in the health care of the BCC. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of regional variations in health care (e. g., skin cancer screening) and their causes using the example of BCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative analysis of the regional health care situation of BCC based on three studies was undertaken...
October 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Vinayak K Nahar, Jonathan E Mayer, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2016: JAMA Oncology
Susan M Swetter, Alan C Geller, Allan C Halpern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Karen J Wernli, Nora B Henrikson, Caitlin C Morrison, Matthew Nguyen, Gaia Pocobelli, Paula R Blasi
IMPORTANCE: Skin cancer, primarily melanoma, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. OBJECTIVE: To provide an updated systematic review for the US Preventive Services Task Force regarding clinical skin cancer screening among adults. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, PubMed, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched for relevant studies published from January 1, 1995, through June 1, 2015, with surveillance through February 16, 2016...
July 26, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Hensin Tsao, Martin A Weinstock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Anne K Julian, Jeffrey W Bethel, Michelle C Odden, Sheryl Thorburn
OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to examine (1) sex differences in factors associated with indoor tanning, and (2) the relationship between cancer risk perception and skin cancer screening among indoor tanners. METHODS: Data are from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey. The sample was limited to U.S. adults (≥ 18 years) using an indoor tanning device in the last year (N = 1177). We conducted bivariate and multivariate weighted analyses. RESULTS: Among indoor tanners, less than 30% of men and women reported having ever had a skin exam...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine Reports
Ana Filipa Duarte, Altamiro da Costa-Pereira, Veronique Del-Marmol, Osvaldo Correia
The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of general practitioners (GP) in selecting higher risk population for skin cancer screening. GP's training was organized to examine a specific high risk population consisting mainly of fisherman and farmers in a city of North of Portugal. Health care professionals of local health units training was performed by two dermatologists 2 months before the screening. During 8 weeks GPs selected patients with skin cancer suspicious lesions and/or risk factors consecutively from their regular consultation...
July 13, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Andreas Stang, Claus Garbe, Philippe Autier, Karl-Heinz Jöckel
In 2008, the first nationwide skin cancer screening (SCS) programme in the world was established in Germany. The main reason to implement the SCS programme in Germany was the expected reduction of costs of care due to earlier detection of skin cancer. The aim of this commentary is to raise and discuss several unanswered questions related to the German SCS programme. The evidence of a temporary mortality decline of skin melanoma after SCS in Schleswig-Holstein is lower than previously assumed and the temporary decline may have been caused by other factors than screening (e...
September 2016: European Journal of Cancer
Ava Socik, Autumn Burnes, Arthur R Rhodes
Importance: The presence of numerous melanocytic nevi is a significant melanoma risk factor, but there are scant data related to prevalence and morphologic features of melanocytic nevi in the perianal area. The prognosis of perianal melanoma is often dismal because of hidden location and diagnosis delay. Objective: To determine prevalence and morphologic features of perianal melanocytic nevi. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was conducted for 11 months during 2013 and 2014 at an outpatient dermatology clinic in Chicago, Illinois, with a convenience sample of 236 adults (men and women of all races, ≥18 years) presenting to 1 dermatologist for melanoma and/or skin cancer screening or surveillance...
June 15, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
F Trautmann, F Meier, A Seidler, J Schmitt
BACKGROUND: In Germany a nationwide screening program for adults age ≥35 years was introduced in 07/2008. Evidence on utilisation and effects is limited. METHODS: This analysis is based on pseudonymised outpatient routine data of a German health insurance company covering data of >2 million individuals from Saxony for the years 2005-2012. Melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) cases were identified using an ICD-10-code based algorithm. Cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses were applied to determine the utilisation of the screening program and effects on skin cancer incidence and disease severity as a proxy for prognosis...
May 20, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Changhyun Kim, Joyce Cheng, Oscar R Colegio
The incidence of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) in immunosuppressed solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) is 65- to 250-fold greater than in the general population. In addition, SCC in SOTRs is more aggressive than in the general population. SOTRs must undergo skin cancer screenings at intervals based on their risk stratification. The incidence of SCC in SOTRs varies with the type, intensity, and duration of the immunosuppressive regimen. Notably, patients on sirolimus have lower incidence of SCC compared to patients on calcineurin inhibitors...
June 2016: Seminars in Oncology
Tim R A van den Heuvel, Dion S J Wintjens, Steven F G Jeuring, Maartje H H Wassink, Marielle J L Romberg-Camps, Liekele E Oostenbrug, Silvia Sanduleanu, Wim H Hameeteman, Maurice P Zeegers, Ad A Masclee, Daisy M Jonkers, Marie J Pierik
The management of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has changed since the mid-1990s (e.g., use of thiopurines/anti-TNFα agents, improved surveillance programs), possibly affecting cancer risk. To establish current cancer risk in IBD, updates are warranted from cohorts covering this time span, and detailed enough to study associations with phenotype and medication. We studied intestinal-, extra-intestinal- and overall cancer risk in the Dutch population-based IBDSL cohort. In total, 1,157 Crohn's disease (CD) and 1,644 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients were diagnosed between 1991 and 2011, and followed until 2013...
September 15, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Neil A M Houston, Aaron M Secrest, Ryan J Harris, Westley S Mori, Mark J Eliason, Charles M Phillips, Laura K Ferris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
S M John, M Trakatelli, R Gehring, K Finlay, C Fionda, M Wittlich, M Augustin, G Hilpert, J M Barroso Dias, C Ulrich, G Pellacani
1. Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is by far the most common cancer diagnosed in westernized countries, and one of the few almost preventable cancers if detected and treated early as up to 90% of NMSC may be attributed to excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation. 2. The incidence of NMSC is increasing: 2-3 million people are diagnosed worldwide annually, with an average yearly increase of 3-8% among white populations in Australia, Europe, the US and Canada over the last 30 years. 3. The link between solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation and certain forms of NMSC is clearly recognized...
April 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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