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Bone specific alkaline phosphatase

Paul Glendenning, S A Paul Chubb, Samuel Vasikaran
Bone turnover marker (BTM's) concentrations in blood and urine reflect bone-remodelling activity, and may be useful adjuncts in the diagnosis and management of metabolic bone diseases. Newer biomarkers, mainly bone regulatory proteins, are currently being investigated to elucidate their role in bone metabolism and disease and may in future be useful in clinical diagnosis and management of metabolic bone disease. BTM concentrations increase around menopause in women, and at a population level the degree of increase in BTM's reflect bone loss...
March 12, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Rafat Murad, Zahra Shezad, Saara Ahmed, Mussarat Ashraf, Murad Qadir, Rehana Rehman
OBJECTIVE: To compare biochemical parameters serum tumour necrosis factor alpha, calcium, magnesium, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase and vitamin D in postmenopausal women. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out from June 2015 to July 2016 at Jinnah Medical and Dental College, Karachi, and comprised postmenopausal women. Bone mineral density done by dual energy X-ray absorptiometryscan categorised subjects by World Health Organisation classification into normal (T score > -1) osteopenic (T score between -1 and -2...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Takako Suzuki, Yukio Nakamura, Hiroyuki Kato
Introduction: The aim of this 18-month retrospective study was to evaluate the differences in outcomes of denosumab with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors (TNFis), tocilizumab (TCZ), or abatacept (ABT) treatment in osteoporosis (OP) patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Patients and methods: Patients were divided into TNFis-treated (TNF group; 44 cases), TCZ-treated (TCZ group; 8 cases), or ABT-treated (ABT group; 14 cases) groups. We measured serum bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase 5b (TRACP-5b) at baseline and every 3 months for 18 months and assessed bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar 1-4 vertebrae (L-BMD) and total hip BMD (H-BMD) at baseline and every 6 months for 18 months...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Cui Zhang, Liang Li, Yuanda Jiang, Cuicui Wang, Baoming Geng, Yanqiu Wang, Jianling Chen, Fei Liu, Peng Qiu, Guangjie Zhai, Ping Chen, Renfu Quan, Jinfu Wang
Bone formation is linked with osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the bone marrow. Microgravity in spaceflight is known to reduce bone formation. In this study, we used a real microgravity environment of the SJ-10 Recoverable Scientific Satellite to examine the effects of space microgravity on the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs). hMSCs were induced toward osteogenic differentiation for 2 and 7 d in a cell culture device mounted on the SJ-10 Satellite...
March 13, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Hongxia Liu, Liang Zhong, Taixian Yuan, Sicheng Chen, Yiqing Zhou, Liqin An, Yangliu Guo, Mengtian Fan, Ya Li, Yanting Sun, Wang Li, Qiong Shi, Yaguang Weng
Previous studies have indicated that bone morphogenetic protein 9 (BMP9) can promote the osteogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and increase bone formation in bone diseases. However, the mechanisms involved remained poorly understood. It is necessary to investigate the specific regulatory mechanisms of osteogenic differentiation that were induced by BMP9. During the process of osteogenic differentiation induced by BMP9, the expression of microRNA-155 (miR-155) exhibited a tendency of increasing at first and then decreasing, which made us consider that miR-155 may have a modulatory role in this process, but the roles of this process have not been elucidated...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Takatsugu Okegawa, Naoki Ninomiya, Kazuki Masuda, Yu Nakamura, Mitsuhiro Tambo, Kikuo Nutahara
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether androgen receptor splice variant 7 (AR-V7) in circulating tumor cell(CTC)clusters can be used to predict survival in patients with bone metastatic castration resistant-prostate cancer (mCRPC) treated with abiraterone or enzalutamide. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 98 patients with CRPC on abiraterone or enzalutamide, and investigated the prognostic value of CTC cluster detection (+ v -) and AR-V7 detection (+ v -) using a CTC cluster detection - based AR-V7 mRNA assay...
March 5, 2018: Prostate
Leila S Saleh, Maria Carles-Carner, Stephanie J Bryant
Poly(ethylene glycol) PEG-based hydrogels are promising for cell encapsulation and tissue engineering, but are known to elicit a foreign body response (FBR) in vivo. The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of the FBR, and specifically the presence of inflammatory macrophages, on encapsulated cells and their ability to synthesize new extracellular matrix. This study employed an in vitro co-culture system with murine macrophages and MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts encapsulated in a bone-mimetic hydrogel, which were cultured in transwell inserts, and exposed to an inflammatory stimulant, lipopolysaccharide (LPS)...
March 2, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
N M Astakhova, A V Korel', E I Shchelkunova, K E Orishchenko, S V Nikolaev, U S Zubairova, I A Kirilova
We isolated and characterized cultures of bone and cartilage tissue cells of laboratory minipigs. The size and morphological features of adherent osteogenic and chondrogenic cells were specified. During long-term culturing under standard conditions, the studied cultures expressed specific markers that were detected by immunohistochemical staining: alkaline phosphatase and calcium deposits in osteoblasts and type II collagen and cartilage extracellular matrix in chondrogenic cells. Proliferative potential (mitotic index) of both cell types was 4...
March 5, 2018: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
S T Bittar, P S Pfeiffer, H H Santos, M S Cirilo-Sousa
This study analysed the effect of low-intensity (LI) exercises with blood flow restriction (BFR) on bone metabolism compared with high-intensity (HI) exercises without BFR. The following databases were searched using the keywords therapeutic occlusion training OR BFR training OR vascular occlusion training OR KAATSU training OR ischaemia training AND osteogenesis OR bone biomarkers OR bone metabolic marker OR bone mass OR bone turnover OR osteoporosis OR osteopenia: PubMed, Web of Science, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, Science Direct, Cochrane and Google Scholar...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Bruna Nunes Teixeira, Paola Aprile, Roberta H Mendonça, Daniel J Kelly, Rossana Mara da Silva Moreira Thiré
The majority of synthetic polymers used in 3 D printing are not designed to promote specific cellular interactions and hence possess limited bioactivity. Most of the strategies proposed to overcome this limitation demand multiple and expensive processing steps. This study aimed to evaluate the surface modification of 3D-printed poly(lactic acid) (PLA) scaffolds with polydopamine (PDA) coating as an alternative strategy to enhance their bioactivity and to facilitate the immobilization of type I collagen (COL I) onto the implant surface...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Yuhui Hao, Rui Gao, Binghui Lu, Yonghong Ran, Zhangyou Yang, Jing Liu, Rong Li
Depleted uranium (DU) is widely used in military and civil activities, and bone is the main target organ of chronic DU toxicity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ghrelin on rats implanted with DU and explore the underlying mechanisms. The results showed that ghrelin could increase the expression of ghrelin receptor in bone tissue, thus alleviate the apoptosis of bone tissue after 3 months of 0.3 g DU embedded in the tibia. Micro-computed tomography examination showed that after DU implantation, the density of cortical bone showed no significant difference, but the trabecular bone decreased in amount, density and connectivity...
February 22, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
L Datko Williams, A Farley, M Cupelli, S Alapati, M S Kennedy, D Dean
Dental pulp stromal cells (DPSCs) can be differentiated down lineages known to either express bone or dentin specific protein markers. . Since the differentiation of cells can be heavily influenced by their environment, it may be possible to influence the osteogenic/odontogenic potential of DPSCs by modulating the mechanical properties of substrate on which they are grown. In this study, human DPSCs were grown with and without hydroxyapatite (HA) microparticles on a range of substrates including fibronectin-coated hydrogels and glass substrates, which represented an elastic moduli range of ∼ 3 kPa - 50 GPa, over a 21 day period...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Takayuki Nishimura, Kazuhiko Arima, Yasuyo Abe, Mitsuo Kanagae, Satoshi Mizukami, Takuhiro Okabe, Yoshihito Tomita, Hisashi Goto, Itsuko Horiguchi, Kiyoshi Aoyagi
The aim of the present study was to investigate the age-related patterns and the relationships between serum levels of tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase-5b (TRACP-5b) or bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP), and the heel stiffness index measured by quantitative ultrasound (QUS) in 429 Japanese men, with special emphasis on 2 age groups (40-59 years and 60 years or over). The heel stiffness index (bone mass) was measured by QUS. Serum samples were collected, and TRACP-5b and BAP levels were measured. The stiffness index was significantly decreased with age...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Min Liu, Huan Chen, Min Tong, Jinping Zhou, Xiyu Wu
STUDY DESIGN: Seventy-five Sprague-Dawley (SD)rats were randomly divided into sham, complete spinal cord transection (CSCT)and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) groups. Among them, rats in HBO group were further divided into 3 h group (HBO1) and 12 h group (HBO2). OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of ultra-early HBO therapy on femoral calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and bone metabolism of rats with CSCT. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Complete SCI is still an unresolved problem in clinical practice...
February 16, 2018: Spine
Signe Wildt, Lars K Munck, Sabine Becker, Helle Brockstedt, Ole K Bonderup, Mette F Hitz
OBJECTIVES: Patients with microscopic colitis (MC) have several risk factors for osteoporosis. The prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis in MC is unknown. The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate bone mineral status in MC. METHODS: Patients with MC and disease activity within the last 2 years were included. Bone turnover markers were analyzed and bone mineral density (BMD) was measured with Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) at inclusion and after one year...
February 22, 2018: Postgraduate Medicine
Hao Wang, Weitao Jin, Haibin Li
BACKGROUND: The present study investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the 4A > C and -349C > T single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in bone morphogenetic protein receptor type IA (BMPR-IA) gene, which significantly associated with the occurrence and the extent of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL) in the cervical spine. METHODS: The SNPs in BMPR-IA gene were genotyped, and the association with the occurrence and severity of OPLL were evaluated in 356 OPLL patients and 617 non-OPLL controls...
February 20, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Jordi Bover, Pablo Ureña, Armando Aguilar, Sandro Mazzaferro, Silvia Benito, Víctor López-Báez, Alejandra Ramos, Iara daSilva, Mario Cozzolino
Alkaline phosphatases (APs) remove the phosphate (dephosphorylation) needed in multiple metabolic processes (from many molecules such as proteins, nucleotides, or pyrophosphate). Therefore, APs are important for bone mineralization but paradoxically they can also be deleterious for other processes, such as vascular calcification and the increasingly known cross-talk between bone and vessels. A proper balance between beneficial and harmful activities is further complicated in the context of chronic kidney disease (CKD)...
February 14, 2018: Calcified Tissue International
Miles J De Blasio, Stuart A Lanham, Dominique Blache, Richard Oc Oreffo, Abigail L Fowden, Alison J Forhead
Widespread expression of leptin and its receptor in developing cartilage and bone suggests that leptin may regulate bone growth and development in the fetus. Using micro-computed tomography, this study investigated the effects of exogenous leptin and leptin receptor antagonism on aspects of bone structure in the sheep fetus during late gestation. From 125-130 days of gestation (term ~145 days), chronically-catheterised singleton sheep fetuses were infused intravenously for five days with either saline (0.9% saline, n=13), recombinant ovine leptin at two doses (0...
February 14, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Zhongxiu Wang, Jingyi Tan, Lihong Lei, Weilian Sun, Yanmin Wu, Peihui Ding, Lili Chen
OBJECTIVE: Interleukin-17 (IL-17) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) are all pro-inflammatory cytokines produced by specific subsets of T-cells and are also considered crucial regulators in bone remodeling, but their effects on osteogenesis have not been carefully studied. So, this study aimed to investigate the effects of secreting cytokines IL-17 and IFN-γ on the osteogenesis of primary osteoblasts and to clarify the potential roles of the related Janus activated kinase 2 (JAK2) and downstream signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) signaling pathway in bone remodeling...
February 10, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
Janani Radhakrishnan, Amrutha Manigandan, Prabu Chinnaswamy, Anuradha Subramanian, Swaminathan Sethuraman
Fabrication of anisotropic osteochondral-mimetic scaffold with mineralized subchondral zone and gradient interface remains challenging. We have developed an injectable semi-interpenetrating network hydrogel construct with chondroitin sulfate nanoparticles (ChS-NPs) and nanohydroxyapatite (nHA) (∼30-90 nm) in chondral and subchondral hydrogel zones respectively. Mineralized subchondral hydrogel exhibited significantly higher osteoblast proliferation and alkaline phosphatase activity (p < 0.05). Osteochondral hydrogel exhibited interconnected porous structure and spatial variation with gradient interface of nHA and ChS-NPs...
February 3, 2018: Biomaterials
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