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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095929/the-provision-of-healthy-food-in-a-school-tuck-shop-does-it-influence-primary-school-students-perceptions-attitudes-and-behaviours-towards-healthy-eating
#1
Francette Bekker, Maritha Marais, Nelene Koen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate students' tuck shop buying behaviour, choices of lunchbox items and healthy eating perceptions and attitudes at a school with a nutritionally regulated tuck shop and a school with a conventional tuck shop. DESIGN: Mixed-methods research comprising a cross-sectional survey and focus groups. SETTING: Bloemfontein, South Africa. SUBJECTS: Randomly selected grade 2 to 7 students from a school with a nutritionally regulated tuck shop (school A; n 116) and a school with a conventional tuck shop (school B; n 141) completed a self-administered questionnaire about perceptions, attitudes, buying behaviours and lunchbox content...
January 18, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093341/physicians-poverty-and-profits-can-robin-hood-finance-healthcare-in-developing-countries
#2
Russell J Andrews, Tariq M Khan, Nigel Crisp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077889/differential-diagnosis-of-erythmato-squamous-diseases-using-classification-and-regression-tree
#3
Keivan Maghooli, Mostafa Langarizadeh, Leila Shahmoradi, Mahdi Habibi-Koolaee, Mohamad Jebraeily, Hamid Bouraghi
INTRODUCTION: Differential diagnosis of Erythmato-Squamous Diseases (ESD) is a major challenge in the field of dermatology. The ESD diseases are placed into six different classes. Data mining is the process for detection of hidden patterns. In the case of ESD, data mining help us to predict the diseases. Different algorithms were developed for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: we aimed to use the Classification and Regression Tree (CART) to predict differential diagnosis of ESD...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068765/tandem-solar-cells-from-solution-processed-cdte-and-pbs-quantum-dots-using-a-znte-zno-tunnel-junction
#4
Ryan W Crisp, Gregory F Pach, J Matthew Kurley, Ryan M France, Matthew O Reese, Sanjini U Nanayakkara, Bradley A MacLeod, Dmitri V Talapin, Matthew C Beard, Joseph M Luther
We developed a monolithic CdTe/PbS tandem solar cell architecture where both the CdTe and PbS absorber layers are solution-processed from nanocrystal inks. Due to their tunable nature, PbS quantum dots (QDs), with a controllable bandgap between 0.4 and ~1.6 eV, are a promising candidate for a bottom absorber layer in tandem photovoltaics. In the detailed balance limit, the ideal configuration of a CdTe (Eg = 1.5 eV)/PbS tandem structure assumes infinite thickness of the absorber layers and requires the PbS bandgap to be 0...
January 10, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067743/comparative-perioperative-pain-and-recovery-in-women-undergoing-vaginal-reconstruction-versus-robotic-sacrocolpopexy
#5
Lauren B Westermann, Catrina C Crisp, Donna Mazloomdoost, Steven D Kleeman, Rachel N Pauls
BACKGROUND: In this study of patients undergoing vaginal hysterectomy with either robotic or vaginal prolapse repair, there was no difference in quality of life in the weeks following surgery; however, less narcotics were used, less pain was documented by nurses and Surgical Pain Scale (SPS), and better performance on voiding trials was noted in those undergoing robotic sacrocolpopexy. OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive surgery for pelvic organ prolapse is the preferred surgical route for optimal recovery...
January 6, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064561/the-effects-of-water-absorption-and-roasting-conditions-on-fracture-properties-and-internal-structure-of-sesame-seeds
#6
Nakako Katsuno, Makoto Fujimura, Akira Hanya, Takahisa Nishizu
We investigated the effects of soaking, residence time before roasting and roasting conditions on the fracture properties and structure of the cross-section of sesame seeds. Soaking time affected only the size of the side voids of the seed cross-section. The fracture force and strain of the roasted seeds decreased as residence time increased. The center void of the roasted seeds, important for seed crispness increased as residence time increased. In contrast, the side void of the roasted seeds only increased with residence time during the first 10 min...
January 9, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018779/exponential-operations-and-aggregation-operators-of-interval-neutrosophic-sets-and-their-decision-making-methods
#7
Jun Ye
An interval neutrosophic set (INS) is a subclass of a neutrosophic set and a generalization of an interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy set, and then the characteristics of INS are independently described by the interval numbers of its truth-membership, indeterminacy-membership, and falsity-membership degrees. However, the exponential parameters (weights) of all the existing exponential operational laws of INSs and the corresponding exponential aggregation operators are crisp values in interval neutrosophic decision making problems...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993381/dietary-salt-restriction-is-beneficial-to-the-management-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic%C3%A2-kidney-disease
#8
Vicente E Torres, Kaleab Z Abebe, Robert W Schrier, Ronald D Perrone, Arlene B Chapman, Alan S Yu, William E Braun, Theodore I Steinman, Godela Brosnahan, Marie C Hogan, Frederic F Rahbari, Jared J Grantham, Kyongtae T Bae, Charity G Moore, Michael F Flessner
The CRISP study of polycystic kidney disease (PKD) found that urinary sodium excretion associated with the rate of total kidney volume increase. Whether sodium restriction slows the progression of Autosomal Dominant PKD (ADPKD) is not known. To evaluate this we conducted a post hoc analysis of the HALT-PKD clinical trials of renin-angiotensin blockade in patients with ADPKD. Linear mixed models examined whether dietary sodium affected rates of total kidney volume or change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with an eGFR over 60 ml/min/1...
February 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990288/infiltrating-monocytes-in-liver-injury-and-repair
#9
REVIEW
Katherine J Brempelis, Ian N Crispe
Noninfectious liver injury causes many acute and chronic liver diseases around the globe, and particularly in developed nations. Bone marrow-derived monocytes infiltrate the damaged liver tissue and are a critical component of the innate immune response that may drive injury resolution or host death in the short term or chronic inflammation, fibrosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in the long term. Monocytes often play dual roles in liver injury-both perpetuating inflammation and promoting resolution of inflammation and fibrosis...
November 2016: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984734/dissecting-immune-circuits-by-linking-crispr-pooled-screens-with-single-cell-rna-seq
#10
Diego Adhemar Jaitin, Assaf Weiner, Ido Yofe, David Lara-Astiaso, Hadas Keren-Shaul, Eyal David, Tomer Meir Salame, Amos Tanay, Alexander van Oudenaarden, Ido Amit
In multicellular organisms, dedicated regulatory circuits control cell type diversity and responses. The crosstalk and redundancies within these circuits and substantial cellular heterogeneity pose a major research challenge. Here, we present CRISP-seq, an integrated method for massively parallel single-cell RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-pooled screens. We show that profiling the genomic perturbation and transcriptome in the same cell enables us to simultaneously elucidate the function of multiple factors and their interactions...
December 15, 2016: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983952/sub-capsular-hepatic-dendritic-cells-hiding-in-plain-sight
#11
EDITORIAL
D Radika Soysa, Ian N Crispe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932254/investigating-possible-biological-targets-of-bj-crp-the-first-cysteine-rich-secretory-protein-crisp-isolated-from-bothrops-jararaca-snake-venom
#12
Marina E Lodovicho, Tássia R Costa, Carolina P Bernardes, Danilo L Menaldo, Karina F Zoccal, Sante E Carone, José C Rosa, Manuela B Pucca, Felipe A Cerni, Eliane C Arantes, Jan Tytgat, Lúcia H Faccioli, Luciana S Pereira-Crott, Suely V Sampaio
Cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISPs) are commonly described as part of the protein content of snake venoms, nevertheless, so far, little is known about their biological targets and functions. Our study describes the isolation and characterization of Bj-CRP, the first CRISP isolated from Bothrops jararaca snake venom, also aiming at the identification of possible targets for its actions. Bj-CRP was purified using three chromatographic steps (Sephacryl S-200, Source 15Q and C18) and showed to be an acidic protein of 24...
January 4, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926996/small-molecule-modulator-of-sigma-2-receptor-is-neuroprotective-and-reduces-cognitive-deficits-and-neuro-inflammation-in-experimental-models-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#13
Bitna Yi, James J Sahn, Pooneh Memar Ardestani, Andrew K Evans, Luisa Scott, Jessica Z Chan, Sangeetha Iyer, Ashley Crisp, Gabriella Zuniga, Jonathan Pierce-Shimomura, Stephen F Martin, Mehrdad Shamloo
Accumulating evidence suggests that modulating the sigma 2 receptor (Sig2R) can provide beneficial effects for neurodegenerative diseases. Herein, we report the identification of a novel class of Sig2R binding ligands and their cellular and in vivo activity in experimental models of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We report that SAS-0132 and DKR-1051, selective ligands of Sig2R, modulate intracellular Ca(2+) levels in human SK-N-SH neuroblastoma cells. The Sig2R antagonists SAS-0132 and JVW-1009 are neuroprotective in a C...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882522/the-early-career-psychiatrist-and-the-psychotherapeutic-identity
#14
Glen O Gabbard, Holly Crisp-Han
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879517/dux4-immunohistochemistry-is-a-highly-sensitive-and-specific-marker-for-cic-dux4-fusion-positive-round-cell-tumor
#15
Bradford Siegele, Jon Roberts, Jennifer O Black, Erin Rudzinski, Sara O Vargas, Csaba Galambos
The histologic differential diagnosis of pediatric and adult round cell tumors is vast and includes the recently recognized entity CIC-DUX4 fusion-positive round cell tumor. The diagnosis of CIC-DUX4 tumor can be suggested by light microscopic and immunohistochemical features, but currently, definitive diagnosis requires ancillary genetic testing such as conventional karyotyping, fluorescence in situ hybridization, or molecular methods. We sought to determine whether DUX4 expression would serve as a fusion-specific immunohistochemical marker distinguishing CIC-DUX4 tumor from potential histologic mimics...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855938/acrylamide-forming-potential-of-potatoes-grown-at-different-locations-and-the-ratio-of-free-asparagine-to-reducing-sugars-at-which-free-asparagine-becomes-a-limiting-factor-for-acrylamide-formation
#16
Nira Muttucumaru, Stephen J Powers, J Stephen Elmore, Andrew Dodson, Adrian Briddon, Donald S Mottram, Nigel G Halford
Acrylamide is produced from free asparagine and reducing sugars during high-temperature cooking and food processing, and potato products are major contributors to dietary acrylamide intake. The present study analysed twenty varieties of potatoes grown at two sites (Doncaster and Woburn) in the United Kingdom to assess the effect of location of cultivation on acrylamide-forming potential. Analysis of variance revealed a full site by variety nested within type (French fry, boiling and crisping) by storage interaction for acrylamide (p<0...
April 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825912/purification-and-characterization-of-crisp-3-from-human-seminal-plasma-and-its-real-time-binding-kinetics-with-psp94
#17
Jenifer H Anklesaria, Rushika R Pandya, Bhakti R Pathak, Smita D Mahale
Cysteine-rich secretory proteins (CRISPs) have been postulated to have a role in male reproduction and prostate pathophysiology. Of the mammalian CRISPs, CRISP-3 levels in particular have been shown to be upregulated in prostate cancer. Efforts have been made to obtain highly pure CRISP-3 for gaining structure-function information of this protein. However, well characterized and highly pure protein is not available yet. CRISPs from snake venom have been purified using prostate secretory protein of 94 amino acids (PSP94) has been reported earlier...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825288/calendars-in-the-brain-their-perceptual-characteristics-and-possible-neural-substrate
#18
Vilayanur S Ramachandran, Melissa Vajanaphanich, Chaipat Chunharas
When we visualize a calendar, we have a vague impression of a rectangular grid hovering in front. But 1% of the population "see" vivid, crisp "calendar form" - e.g. an odd V shape as in subject ML. We found that (1) ML could "read off", months of her calendar - or alternate months - backward, unlike controls; (2) her eyes and index finger unconsciously "tracked" her reading; (3) her calendar moved with her gaze and tilted with her head; (4) after looking at a contracting spiral, her calendar expanded. In a second subject EA, the calendar was body centered and the access to episodic memories was partially "blocked" when she "looked away"...
October 2016: Neurocase
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811306/comparison-of-stroke-volume-evolution-on-diffusion-weighted-imaging-and-fluid-attenuated-inversion-recovery-following-endovascular-thrombectomy
#19
Christian Federau, Soren Christensen, Michael Mlynash, Jenny Tsai, Sun Kim, Greg Zaharchuk, Manabu Inoue, Matus Straka, Nishant K Mishra, Stephanie Kemp, Maarten G Lansberg, Gregory W Albers
BACKGROUND: To compare the evolution of the infarct lesion volume on both diffusion-weighted imaging and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery in the first five days after endovascular thrombectomy. METHODS: We included 109 patients from the CRISP and DEFUSE 2 studies. Stroke lesion volumes obtained on diffusion-weighted imaging and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images both early post-procedure (median 18 h after symptom onset) and day 5, were compared using median, interquartile range, and correlation plots...
November 3, 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796426/primary-care-providers-attitudes-knowledge-and-practice-patterns-regarding-pelvic-floor-disorders
#20
Donna Mazloomdoost, Lauren B Westermann, Catrina C Crisp, Susan H Oakley, Steven D Kleeman, Rachel N Pauls
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Understanding barriers to seeking care for pelvic floor disorders is necessary. We sought to assess familiarity with pelvic floor disorders, as well as identify screening and referral patterns among primary care providers. METHODS: This Institutional Review Board approved study was distributed through a secure online server (SurveyMonkey®). Primary care providers within a large healthcare system were invited to participate in a 14-question survey regarding the prevalence, diagnosis, and treatment of urinary incontinence (UI), overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome, and pelvic organ prolapse (POP)...
October 28, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
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