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"Achilles tendon strain"

J K├╝mmel, N J Cronin, A Kramer, J Avela, M Gruber
Postactivation potentiation can improve athletic performance, but the underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. This study investigated the effect of conditioning hops on triceps surae muscle force and tendon strain and its contribution to potentiated stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) performance. Thirty-two subjects participated in two experiments. In both experiments, subjects performed three drop jumps (DJs) after prior conditioning with 10 maximal hops, three unconditioned DJs served as control. Ground reaction forces, kinematics, and triceps surae electromyographic activity were recorded...
January 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Stijn Bogaerts, Hannelore Desmet, Pieter Slagmolen, Koen Peers
Achilles tendinopathy remains one of the most prevalent overuse injuries in elite as well as recreational athletes. Regardless of the fact that the aetiology of tendinopathy has not been fully understood, therapeutic mechanical loading programs have emerged as being the treatment of choice. In this light, mechanical properties of the tendon and their response to changes in loading or unloading have been the subject of many previous investigations. One of these properties often investigated is strain, a measure of relative deformation...
June 14, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
Jared R Fletcher, Brian R MacIntosh
The return of tendon strain energy is thought to contribute to reducing the energy cost of running (Erun). However, this may not be consistent with the notion that increased Achilles tendon (AT) stiffness is associated with a lower Erun. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify the potential for AT strain energy return relative to Erun for male and female runners of different abilities. A total of 46 long distance runners [18 elite male (EM), 12 trained male (TM), and 16 trained female (TF)] participated in this study...
January 15, 2015: Journal of Applied Physiology
David Hawkins, Corey Lum, Diane Gaydos, Russell Dunning
Warm-up exercises are often advocated prior to strenuous exercise, but the warm-up duration and effect on muscle-tendon behavior are not well defined. The gastrocnemius-Achilles tendon complexes of 18 subjects were studied to quantify the dynamic creep response of the Achilles tendon in-vivo and the warm-up dose required for the Achilles tendon to achieve steady-state behavior. A custom testing chamber was used to determine each subject's maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) during an isometric ankle plantar flexion effort...
December 11, 2009: Journal of Biomechanics
Adam L Bryant, Ross A Clark, Simon Bartold, Aron Murphy, Kim L Bennell, Erik Hohmann, Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik, Craig Payne, Kay M Crossley
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effect of normal fluctuating [non-monophasic oral contraceptive pill (MOCP) users] and low, consistent (MOCP users) endogenous plasma estrogen levels on the strain behavior of the Achilles tendon in vivo. Twenty women (age 28.0 +/- 4.2 yr, height 1.67 +/- 0.07 m, mass 61.6 +/- 6.8 kg) who had been using the MOCP for at least 12 mo together with 20 matched women who were non-MOCP users (age 31.9 +/- 7.3 yr, height 1.63 +/- 0.05 m, mass 62.5 +/- 5.9 kg) participated in this study...
October 2008: Journal of Applied Physiology
Alessandro Urlando, David Hawkins
PURPOSE: Tendons are specialized musculoskeletal structures responsible for transferring forces between muscles and bones. To maintain joint mechanics and structural integrity, tendons must adapt to changes in mechanical loading, but little is known about the interaction between muscle and tendon adaptations in vivo. We tested the hypothesis that tendons adapt to changes in muscle strength to maintain strains within a preferred operating range. METHODS: The right lower leg of 10 male subjects, age 24...
July 2007: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
G A Lichtwark, A M Wilson
Muscles are required to perform or absorb mechanical work under different conditions. However the ability of a muscle to do this depends on the interaction between its contractile components and its elastic components. In the present study we have used ultrasound to examine the length changes of the gastrocnemius medialis muscle fascicle along with those of the elastic Achilles tendon during locomotion under different incline conditions. Six male participants walked (at 5 km h(-1)) on a treadmill at grades of -10%, 0% and 10% and ran (at 10 km h(-1)) at grades of 0% and 10%, whilst simultaneous ultrasound, electromyography and kinematics were recorded...
November 2006: Journal of Experimental Biology
Leonie Otago, Jacqui Peake
The aim of this study was to investigate insurance records for a one-year period to determine the injury frequencies and costs associated with different age groups in netball. The insurance records for all netball claims made during 1999 in Victoria were obtained from the insurer and entered into a database. The overall injury rate was 9.49 injuries per 1000 players, with 829 claims for injuries filed with the insurance company. Of all injuries claimed for, 85.3% were to the lower limb, 8.7% to the upper limb, 3...
April 2007: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Hae-Dong Lee, Taija Finni, John A Hodgson, Alex M Lai, V Reggie Edgerton, Shantanu Sinha
The in vivo strain properties of human skeletal muscle-tendon complexes are poorly understood, particularly following chronic periods of reduced load bearing. We studied eight healthy volunteers who underwent 4 wk of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS) to induce chronic unloading. Before and after the ULLS, maximum isometric ankle plantar flexion torque was determined by using a magnetic resonance (MR)-compatible dynamometry. Volumes of the triceps surae muscles and strain distribution of the soleus aponeurosis and the Achilles tendon at a constant submaximal plantar flexion (20% pre-maximal voluntary contraction) were measured by using MRI and velocity-encoded, phase-contrast MRI techniques...
June 2006: Journal of Applied Physiology
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