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Sherman J Alter, Megan B McDonald, Julie Schloemer, Ryan Simon, Julian Trevino
Cutaneous infections and infestations are common among children and adolescents. Ectoparasitic infestations affect individuals across the globe. Head lice, body lice, scabies, and infestations with bed bugs are seen in individuals who reside in both resource poor areas and in developed countries. Superficial cutaneous and mucosal candida infections occur throughout the life cycle. Dermatophyte infections of keratin-containing skin and skin structures result in tinea capitis (scalp), tinea corporis (body), tinea pedis (foot), and tinea unguium (nails)...
January 2018: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Daniel B Chastain, Andrés F Henao-Martínez, Carlos Franco-Paredes
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to provide an update on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of opportunistic fungal infections in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection including Cryptococcus spp., Histoplasma spp., Coccidioides spp., and Talaromyces marneffei, formerly Penicillium marneffei. RECENT FINDINGS: In many settings, despite increasing roll out of antiretroviral therapy (ART), opportunistic invasive mycoses produce a substantial burden of disease...
August 22, 2017: Current Infectious Disease Reports
Diana M Simões, Sharon M Dial, Kimberly S Coyner, Anthea E Schick, Thomas P Lewis
BACKGROUND: Coccidioidomycosis is a fungal disease caused by the dimorphic saprophytic fungus Coccidioides immitis or C. posadasii. Primary pulmonary infection can disseminate to cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues, or less commonly direct cutaneous inoculation may occur. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: To characterize the historical, clinical, diagnostic and treatment findings in dogs and cats with cutaneous manifestation of coccidioidomycosis. ANIMALS: Twenty three dogs and seventeen cats diagnosed between 2009 and 2015 in Arizona, USA...
October 2016: Veterinary Dermatology
Girmay Hagos, Reiye Esayas
Coccidiodomycosis is a disease caused by the spores of the fungi coccidiodes immitis and pulmonary coccidiodomycosis comes after inhalation of the spores which are mainly found in desert areas of the United States, central and South America. Reported cases from outside the endemic areas have always history of travel to these areas. There are no reports so far from Ethiopia or the whole Africa. We report here a case of pulmonary coccidodomycosis with no history of travel to such areas. A 24 years old female patient from Samre, South-Eastern Tigray, presented with right side chest pain and productive cough of yellowish sputum which sometimes is blood streaked...
January 2015: Ethiopian Medical Journal
Caroline Kim, Amy Mehta
SESSION TYPE: Infectious Disease Cases IIIPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 11:15 AM - 12:30 PMINTRODUCTION: Coccidioidomycosis is caused by the soil-dwelling dimorphic fungi Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii, which are endemic in southwestern United States, as well as northwestern Mexico. The most typical clinical manifestation is asymptomatic pulmonary disease. However, a subset may develop complications, such as cavitary disease.CASE PRESENTATION: A 53-year-old Mexican man with a history of diabetes mellitus and tobacco use presented with three months of hemoptysis (one teaspoon daily), unintentional weight loss and fatigue...
October 1, 2012: Chest
Gabriela Santiso, Alicia Arechavala, Elena Maiolo, Silvia Balarezo Juncos, Marisa Liliana Fernández, Fernando Messina, Mario Bianchi, Ricardo Negroni
A 43 year-old diabetic woman, who suffered chronic cough and brown expectoration, is presented in this clinical problem. X-ray exam and CT thorax scan showed a cavitary lung lesion, located at the upper field of the left lung. This lesion had 5 cm in diameter, with a thick wall and a spherical shadow inside. The diagnosis of chronic cavitary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis was based on the isolation of Coccidioides sp. from cultures of expectoration and bronchoalveolar lavage, and the detection of specific antibodies in immunodiffusion test and counterimmunoelectrophoresis with coccidiodin...
January 3, 2013: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
Alicia Guadalupe Silva-Hernández, Enrique Barbachano-Rodríguez, Pamela Alejandra Alanís-Miranda, Marisela del Rocío González-Martínez, Arnulfo Portales-Castanedo
Coccidioidomycosis results from inhaling the spores (arthroconidia) of Coccidioides species (Coccidioides immitis or Coccidioides posadasii). Tuberculosis is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex, classified as acid-fast bacilli. It is most commonly transmitted from a patient with infectious pulmonary tuberculosis to other persons by droplet nuclei, which are aerosolized by coughing, sneezing, or speaking. Northern Mexico is an endemic zone for coccidioidomycosis and tuberculosis, both diseases usually appear in an isolated way...
July 2010: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Clarisse A Tsang, Shoana M Anderson, Sara B Imholte, Laura M Erhart, Sanny Chen, Benjamin J Park, Cara Christ, Kenneth K Komatsu, Tom Chiller, Rebecca H Sunenshine
Coccidioidomycosis is endemic to the southwestern United States; 60% of nationally reported cases occur in Arizona. Although the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists case definition for coccidioidomycosis requires laboratory and clinical criteria, Arizona uses only laboratory criteria. To validate this case definition and characterize the effects of coccidioidomycosis in Arizona, we interviewed every tenth case-patient with coccidioidomycosis reported during January 2007-February 2008. Of 493 patients interviewed, 44% visited the emergency department, and 41% were hospitalized...
November 2010: Emerging Infectious Diseases
Neil M Ampel
The human immune response during coccidioidomycosis is intimately involved with the development of delayed-type hypersensitivity and cellular immunity. Sixty percent of those infected have no symptoms and benign outcome is generally associated with a specific cellular immune response to coccidioidal antigens. We have recently teased out the human pulmonary granulomatous response during coccidioidomycosis and noted that there are perigranulomatous clusters of lymphocytes consisting predominantly of B lymphocytes and CD4(+) T lymphocytes...
September 2007: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Jaramillo Moreno Gildardo, Velázquez Arenas Leobardo, Mendez Olvera Nora, Ocampo Candiani Jorge
BACKGROUND: Coccidiodomycosis is a systemic infection caused by Coccidioides immitis, a dimorphic fungus endemic in the south of the USA and the north of Mexico. The disease usually affects the lungs. Primary cutaneous infection is extremely rare. We present a report of a patient with primary cutaneous infection located on the nose. To our knowledge, such a presentation has never previously been reported in the literature. OBSERVATIONS: The patient had a 3-cm-diameter elevated nodule with a verrucous aspect located on the tip of her nose...
February 2006: International Journal of Dermatology
Charles S Zender, Jorge Talamantes
Coccidiodomycosis (valley fever) is a systemic infection caused by inhalation of airborne spores from Coccidioides immitis, a soil-dwelling fungus found in the southwestern United States, parts of Mexico, and Central and South America. Dust storms help disperse C. immitis so risk factors for valley fever include conditions favorable for fungal growth (moist, warm soil) and for aeolian soil erosion (dry soil and strong winds). Here, we analyze and inter-compare the seasonal and inter-annual behavior of valley fever incidence and climate risk factors for the period 1980-2002 in Kern County, California, the US county with highest reported incidence...
January 2006: International Journal of Biometeorology
Sylvie Beaudin, Lon J Rich, James H Meinkoth, Rick L Cowell
A 16-month-old intact female Poodle in Arizona had a history of intermittent coughing of a few weeks duration. Coccidiomycosis antibody screening test results were negative for immunoglobulin (Ig) M, but were positive (1:64) for IgG. Fine needle aspiration specimens of a draining lesion on the right palmar front foot contained large numbers of neutrophils, many of which contained bacteria, and lower numbers of macrophages. A few small structures also were observed, 2-5 microm in diameter with thin, nonstaining capsules and small, round to oval densely aggregated, eccentric nuclei...
2005: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Skin testing of 541 men with coccidioidin was carried out in an investigation of endemism of coccidiodomycosis in the Paraguayan Chaco. In two areas where the climate is hot, dry and windy, positive reactions developed in a considerable number of the employees of an oil company who were of various racial origins, as well as among native Indians. In a third area, where rain is more plentiful and vegetation lush, only 2 per cent of 250 Indians tested had positive reaction to coccidioidin.
July 1950: California Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1961: Archives of Pathology
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1961: Postgraduate Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1961: Arizona Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1961: Stanford Medical Bulletin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1959: Annals of Internal Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1957: Arizona Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1954: Journal of the Oklahoma State Medical Association
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