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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429336/effects-of-a-curcumin-based-supplementation-in-asymptomatic-subjects-with-low-bone-density-a-preliminary-24-week-supplement-study
#1
A Riva, S Togni, L Giacomelli, F Franceschi, R Eggenhoffner, B Feragalli, G Belcaro, M Cacchio, H Shu, M Dugall
OBJECTIVE: Osteopenia is a chronic bone condition characterized by decreased calcification, density, or bone mass that, if untreated, can lead to osteoporosis and bone fractures. Although its increasing prevalence, nowadays osteopenia is not adequately prevented and managed. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy, in term of changes in bone density, and safety of an oral formulation based on turmeric phytosome (Meriva®), in subjects suffering from low bone density. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 57 otherwise healthy subjects with low bone density were enrolled in this pilot, supplement study...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420922/relationship-of-anthropometric-measures-with-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-non-osteoporotic-osteopenic-and-osteoporotic-women
#2
Sundus Tariq, Saba Tariq, Khalid Parvez Lone
Background and objectives: Body mass index (BMI) has been shown to be a more important predictor of bone mineral density (BMD). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of anthropometric measures including body mass index with bone mineral density in postmenopausal non-osteoporotic, osteopenic and osteoporotic women. METHODS: In this cross sectional study postmenopausal females between 50-70 years of age were recruited and divided into three groups: non-osteoporotic (n=52), osteopenic (n=69) and osteoporotic females (n=47)...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420511/prenatal-diagnosis-and-molecular-cytogenetic-characterization-of-concomitant-familial-small-supernumerary-marker-chromosome-derived-from-chromosome-4q-4q11-1-q13-2-and-5q13-2-microdeletion-with-no-apparent-phenotypic-abnormality
#3
Chih-Ping Chen, Schu-Rern Chern, Yen-Ni Chen, Shin-Wen Chen, Peih-Shan Wu, Chien-Wen Yang, Chen-Chi Lee, Meng-Shan Lee, Chen-Wen Pan, Wayseen Wang
OBJECTIVE: We present prenatal diagnosis and molecular cytogenetic characterization of concomitant familial small supernumerary marker chromosome 4 [sSMC(4)] derived from 4q11.1-q12 and q13.2, and 5q13.2 microdeletion with no apparent phenotypic abnormality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 32-year-old woman underwent amniocentesis at 21 weeks of gestation because of absent nasal bone on fetal ultrasound. Amniocentesis revealed a karyotype of 47,XX,+mar[13]/46,XX[3]. Array comparative genomic hybridization analysis on the cultured amniocytes revealed a 2...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412552/copper-containing-mesoporous-bioactive-glass-nanoparticles-as-multifunctional-agent-for-bone-regeneration
#4
Alessandra Bari, Nora Bloise, Sonia Fiorilli, Giogia Novajra, Maria Vallet-Regí, Giovanna Bruni, Almudena Torres-Pardo, José M González-Calbet, Livia Visai, Chiara Vitale-Brovarone
The application of mesoporous bioactive glasses (MBGs) containing controllable amount of different ions, with the aim to impart antibacterial activity, as well as stimulation of osteogenesis and angiogenesis, is attracting an increasing interest. In this contribution, in order to endow nano-sized MBG with additional biological functions, the framework of a binary SiO2-CaO mesoporous glass was modified with different concentrations of copper ions (2 and 5% mol.), through a one-pot ultrasound-assisted sol-gel procedure...
April 12, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401496/calcium-intake-bone-mineral-density-and-fragility-fractures-evidence-from-an-italian-outpatient-population
#5
Letizia Vannucci, Laura Masi, Giorgio Gronchi, Caterina Fossi, Anna Maria Carossino, Maria Luisa Brandi
This study was performed in 1000 adult Italian subjects to focus on the effects of dietary calcium intake on bone health. A higher fracture risk appears to be associated with a reduced calcium intake. An adequate daily calcium intake is recommended to counteract osteoporotic fractures. PURPOSE: The principal aim of the present study was to focus on the effects of dietary calcium intake on bone mineral density (BMD) and fragility fractures in a representative sample of an adult Italian outpatient population...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397548/pre-natal-diagnosis-of-thalassaemia-in-sri-lanka-a-ten-year-review
#6
Kalinga Khemal Nanayakkara, Undugodage Ganganath Rodrigo, Kuda Liyanage Nandika Perera, Chinthani Deepthi Nanayakkara
Thalassaemia is the commonest monogenic disease in Sri Lanka, affecting over 3500 children and half-a-million thalassaemia carriers. This is a review of 82 amniocenteses performed from 2006 to 2016, in the largest prenatal diagnoses study for thalassaemia carried out in Sri Lanka. Amniocenteses were performed between 11 and 12 weeks of ultrasonically confirmed gestation, on mothers with previous thalassaemia major children pregnant for the second time and nulliparous thalassaemia trait women married to trait partners...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395984/efficacy-of-manual-therapy-including-neurodynamic-techniques-for-the-treatment-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Tomasz Wolny, Edward Saulicz, Paweł Linek, Michael Shacklock, Andrzej Myśliwiec
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this randomized trial was to compare the efficacy of manual therapy, including the use of neurodynamic techniques, with electrophysical modalities on patients with mild and moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). METHODS: The study included 140 CTS patients who were randomly assigned to the manual therapy (MT) group, which included the use of neurodynamic techniques, functional massage, and carpal bone mobilizations techniques, or to the electrophysical modalities (EM) group, which included laser and ultrasound therapy...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391380/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-is-effective-for-progressive-stage-lumbar-spondylolysis-with-mri-high-signal-change
#8
Hideyuki Arima, Yoshiji Suzuki, Daisuke Togawa, Yuki Mihara, Hideyuki Murata, Yukihiro Matsuyama
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the treatment effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on progressive-stage spondylolysis. Spondylolysis is a stress fracture of the pars interarticularis. Based on the results of computed tomography, spondylolysis was classified into three categories: early, progressive, and terminal. Bone healing was prolonged or not obtained in progressive-stage spondylolysis. The progression of spondylolysis to nonunion has been associated with an increased incidence of spondylolisthesis...
April 8, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389821/variations-of-anatomy-on-mri-of-the-first-extensor-compartment-of-the-wrist-and-association-with-dequervain-tenosynovitis
#9
Connie Y Chang, Arvin B Kheterpal, Joao Rafael Terneria Vicentini, Ambrose J Huang
OBJECTIVE: To study anatomical variations on MRI of the first extensor compartment of the wrist in DeQuervain tenosynovitis (DQT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective search for DQT patients yielded 47 subjects (51 ± 15 years, 36 female, 11 male). The age-matched control group (normal first extensor compartment) was 49 ± 15 years (29 female, 18 male). Two independent readers reviewed: the number of abductor pollicis longus (APL) tendon slips, tendon sheath septations (compartmentalization), and APL and EPB cross-sectional area (CSA) at the radial styloid...
April 7, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385939/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-does-not-influence-bone-healing-by-distraction-osteogenesis-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-control-trial
#10
A H R W Simpson, G Keenan, S Nayagam, R M Atkins, D Marsh, N D Clement
AIMS: The aim of this double-blind prospective randomised controlled trial was to assess whether low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) accelerated or enhanced the rate of bone healing in adult patients undergoing distraction osteogenesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 62 adult patients undergoing limb lengthening or bone transport by distraction osteogenesis were randomised to treatment with either an active (n = 32) or a placebo (n = 30) ultrasound device...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381870/cardiovascular-calcification-and-subcortical-bone-demineralization-in-hypertension
#11
Chiara Cirillo, Giancarlo Bilancio, Francesco Natale, Claudia Concilio, Maria Giovanna Russo, Paolo Calabrò, Massimo Cirillo
The present study investigated cardiovascular calcification, peripheral bone mineral density (BMD), and lab indices in hypertensive patients aged 55-74 years without severe kidney dysfunction. Cardiovascular calcification was investigated by ultrasound examinations at eight sites: aortic valve, left and right common carotid artery, left and right carotid artery bifurcation, left and right internal carotid artery, and abdominal aorta. The presence/absence of calcification at each site was coded as 1/0, respectively, for the calculation of a cumulative score...
April 6, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378003/ultrasound-gel-minimizes-third-body-debris-with-partial-hardware-removal-in-joint-arthroplasty
#12
Aidan C McGrory, Lee Replogle, Donald Endrizzi
Hundreds of thousands of revision surgeries for hip, knee, and shoulder joint arthroplasties are now performed worldwide annually. Partial removal of hardware during some types of revision surgeries may create significant amounts of third body metal, polymer, or bone cement debris. Retained debris may lead to a variety of negative health effects including damage to the joint replacement. We describe a novel technique for the better containment and easier removal of third body debris during partial hardware removal...
March 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365676/relationship-between-ultrasound-bone-parameters-lung-function-and-body-mass-index-in-healthy-student-population
#13
Selma Cvijetić, Ivana Sabolić Pipinić, Veda Maria Varnai, Jelena Macan
Low bone mineral density has been reported in paediatric and adult patients with different lung diseases, but limited data are available on the association between lung function and bone density in a healthy young population. We explored the predictors of association between bone mass and pulmonary function in healthy first-year university students, focusing on body mass index (BMI). In this cross-sectional study we measured bone density with ultrasound and lung function with spirometry in 370 university students (271 girls and 99 boys)...
March 1, 2017: Arhiv za Higijenu Rada i Toksikologiju
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365205/articular-ultrasound-in-asymptomatic-volunteers-identification-of-the-worst-measures-of-synovial-hypertrophy-synovial-blood-flow-and-joint-damage-among-small-medium-%C3%A2-and-large-sized-joints
#14
Flávia Soares Machado, Jamil Natour, Rogerio Diniz Takahashi, Rita N V Furtado
Articular ultrasound of 6500 joint recesses was performed for the purpose of identifying which joint had the highest measurements among small-sized (SSJ), medium-sized (MSJ) and large-sized (LSJ) joints. Quantitative measurements of synovial hypertrophy (QSR) and semiquantitative measurements of synovial hypertrophy (SSH), power Doppler (SPD) and bone erosion (SBE) (score: 0-3) were made. Higher measurements (p < 0.01) of QSR were obtained in the second metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP), talonavicular joint, and hip...
March 29, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361323/slide-automatic-spine-level-identification-system-using-a-deep-convolutional-neural-network
#15
Jorden Hetherington, Victoria Lessoway, Vit Gunka, Purang Abolmaesumi, Robert Rohling
PURPOSE: Percutaneous spinal needle insertion procedures often require proper identification of the vertebral level to effectively and safely deliver analgesic agents. The current clinical method involves "blind" identification of the vertebral level through manual palpation of the spine, which has only 30% reported accuracy. Therefore, there is a need for better anatomical identification prior to needle insertion. METHODS: A real-time system was developed to identify the vertebral level from a sequence of ultrasound images, following a clinical imaging protocol...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360474/an-intra-thoracic-follicular-carcinoma-of-thyroid-an-uncommon-presentation
#16
Surya Kant, Anand Srivastava, Rahul Kumar, Ajay Kumar Verma, Anand Kumar Mishra, Nuzhat Husain
Follicular carcinoma of thyroid is the second most common type of carcinoma of thyroid, and it may metastasize to bone, lung, brain, and skin. However, the initial presentation of follicular carcinoma of the thyroid as a large intrathoracic mass without any symptoms of thyroid gland enlargement and dysfunction is very rare. We hereby report a case of a 50-year-old male who presented with chief complaints of chest and low back pain. Preliminary evaluation led to the provisional diagnosis of left-sided intrathoracic mass with vertebral metastasis which was suspected to be a case of bronchogenic carcinoma with distant metastasis...
March 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357575/ultrasound-guided-biopsies-of-bone-lesions-without-cortical-disruption-using-fusion-imaging-and-needle-tracking-proof-of-concept
#17
Julien Garnon, Guillaume Koch, Georgia Tsoumakidou, Jean Caudrelier, Basavaraj Chari, Roberto Luigi Cazzato, Afshin Gangi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the technical feasibility and safety of combined fusion imaging and needle tracking under ultrasound guidance to target bone lesions without cortical disruption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2016 and March 2016, seven patients underwent US-guided biopsy of bone lesions without cortical disruption. Targeted bone lesions were measuring more than 1.5 cm with a thin cortex, a trans-osseous pathway not exceeding 2 cm and without any adjacent vulnerable structures...
March 29, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357106/persistent-arthralgia-vomiting-and-hypercalcemia-as-the-initial-manifestations-of-hyperthyroidism-a-case-report
#18
Jingfang Liu, Xulei Tang, Jianguo Cheng, Xiaomei Yang, Yan Wang
A 53-year-old woman presented with persistent edema and pain of the metacarpophalangeal and proximal interphalangeal joints and the wrist, knee and ankle joints, with more recent intermittent nausea and vomiting. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis was ineffective. No clinical manifestations typical of hyperthyroidism were observed. The results of the thyroid function tests were as follows: Thyroid-stimulating hormone, 0.003 µIU/ml; triiodothyronine (T3), 4.44 ng/ml;, thyroxine (T4) >30 µg/dl; free T3, 14...
February 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355138/ultrasound-to-detect-pressure-related-deep-tissue-injuries-in-adults-admitted-via-the-emergency-department-a-prospective-descriptive-pilot-study
#19
Jonathan Scheiner, Karen Farid, Mark Raden, Seleshi Demisse
Stage 4 pressure ulcers (PUs) start with tissue death at the level of the bone, also known as deep tissue injury (DTI). Studies have shown the appearance of DTI on the skin is delayed for several days after the original pressure-related injury to the deep soft tissues. Studies also suggest DTI can be seen using ultrasound (US) technology. A prospective, descriptive, correlational pilot study was conducted to evaluate the use of US technology to detect DTI in the soft tissues that are not visible on the skin upon hospital admission...
March 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353530/cranium-penetrating-mass-detected-by-ultrasound-expedited-management-of-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#20
Brian Morgan, Hsien Lee Lau, Sharon Yellin
A 6-year-old boy presented to the pediatric emergency department with a unilateral 5 × 3-cm superficial mass on the postauricular region growing for 1 month. Point-of-care ultrasound was used to evaluate the mass, which revealed a complex cystic mass penetrating the temporal bone. After confirmatory magnetic resonance imaging, the patient was transferred for neurosurgical evaluation, and the tumor was excised. Pathology revealed Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
April 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
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