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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234566/the-rehabilitation-of-a-runner-with-iliopsoas-tendinopathy-using-an-eccentric-biased-exercise-a-case-report
#1
Carla Rauseo
Background and Purpose: While there is much discussion about tendinopathy in the literature, there is little reference to the less common condition of iliopsoas tendinopathy, and no documentation of the condition in runners. The iliopsoas is a major decelerator of the hip and eccentric loading of the iliopsoas is an important component of energy transfer during running. Eccentric training is a thoroughly researched method of treating tendinopathy but has shown mixed results. The purpose of this case report is to describe the rehabilitation of a runner with iliopsoas tendinopathy, and demonstrate in a creative eccentric-biased technique to assist with treatment...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234561/comparison-of-functional-activities-on-structural-changes-of-the-inferior-patellar-pole
#2
Kelli McKinney, Harvey Wallmann, Patrick Stalcup, Katie DiTommaso
Background: It is well known that eccentric and concentric exercise produce varied amounts of stress on the connective tissues. Diagnostic ultrasound has been used to measure these structural changes by observing fascicle length, angle, and thickness; however, there is a lack of evidence comparing the structural changes as it relates to eccentric, concentric, and stretching protocols. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effects of static stretching, eccentric, concentric, and a combination of eccentric/concentric exercises on structural changes of the muscle tendon unit at the inferior patellar pole utilizing the diagnostic ultrasound...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234556/transversus-abdominis-activation-and-timing-improves-following-core-stability-training-a-randomized-trial
#3
Noelle M Selkow, Molly R Eck, Stephen Rivas
Background: Patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) often present with a decrease in transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle activation and delayed onset of contraction with extremity movements, potentially contributing to recurrent LBP. Core stability is required for extremity movement and if the timing of when the TrA contracts is not corrected patients may continue to experience LBP. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a four-week core stability rehabilitation program on TrA activation ratio and when the TrA initiates contraction during upper extremity movements in subjects with and without LBP...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232246/the-role-of-fdg-pet-in-diabetic-myonecrosis-a-rare-and-underrecognized-complication-of-diabetes
#4
Guillaume Chaussé, Gad Abikhzer
A 66-year-old man with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes was admitted for acute bilateral calf pain in the context of coronary artery disease, chronic renal failure, and peripheral neuropathy. Lower-extremity Doppler ultrasound excluded deep vein thrombosis. FDG-PET was performed to exclude a suspected infection because of elevated white blood cells and inflammatory markers but normal creatinine kinase levels. PET scan demonstrated intense bilateral calf muscle and left thigh muscle uptake, which in combination with the patient's history was consistent with diabetic myonecrosis, a rare end-stage complication of diabetes...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230905/muscle-control-and-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
REVIEW
Marc Russo, Kristiaan Deckers, Sam Eldabe, Kyle Kiesel, Chris Gilligan, John Vieceli, Peter Crosby
OBJECTIVES: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is the most prevalent of the painful musculoskeletal conditions. CLBP is a heterogeneous condition with many causes and diagnoses, but there are few established therapies with strong evidence of effectiveness (or cost effectiveness). CLBP for which it is not possible to identify any specific cause is often referred to as non-specific chronic LBP (NSCLBP). One type of NSCLBP is continuing and recurrent primarily nociceptive CLBP due to vertebral joint overload subsequent to functional instability of the lumbar spine...
December 12, 2017: Neuromodulation: Journal of the International Neuromodulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229479/defining-normal-neonatal-abdominal-wall-musculature-with-ultrasonography
#6
Adam Ofri, Tim Schindler, Anthony Dilley, John Pereira, Susan Adams
INTRODUCTION: The development of new surgical approaches for the management of congenital abdominal wall defects may be facilitated by using an animal model. However, because the anatomy of the neonatal abdominal wall has not been described, a suitable model is yet to be identified. We aimed to evaluate and define the neonatal abdominal wall musculature using ultrasound, to be used as a reference to identify an appropriate animal model for the neonatal abdominal wall in the future. METHODS: Infants with a postconceptual age of less than one month weighing between 2 and 3 kg were eligible...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225986/intranodal-palisaded-myofibroblastoma-in-a-submandibular-lymph-node
#7
Leila Bouhajja, Raja Jouini, Olfa Khayat, Wafa Koubâa, Chiraz Mbarek, Ehsen Ben Brahim, Achraf Chedly-Debbiche
Intranodal palisaded myofibroblastoma (IPM), also known as "intranodal hemorrhagic spindle cell tumor with amianthoid fibers," is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor originating from smooth muscle cells and myofibroblasts, often with the presence of amianthoid fibers. Usually IPM affects inguinal lymph nodes, but three cases have been described in the submandibular and cervical lymph nodes. We report a new case of a 44-year-old women with submandibular mass. Cervical ultrasound showed a suspect right submandibular adenomegaly...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217532/imaging-detected-acute-muscle-injuries-in-athletes-participating-in-the-rio-de-janeiro-2016-summer-olympic-games
#8
Michel D Crema, Mohamed Jarraya, Lars Engebretsen, Frank W Roemer, Daichi Hayashi, Romulo Domingues, Abdalla Y Skaf, Ali Guermazi
BACKGROUND: Acute muscle injuries in elite athletes are responsible for a large portion of time loss injuries. AIM: To describe the frequency, the anatomic distribution, and severity of imaging-detected acute muscle injuries among athletes who competed in the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympics. METHODS: We recorded all sports injuries reported by the National Olympic Committee medical teams and the Organising Committee medical staff during the 2016 Summer Olympics...
December 7, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215317/novel-application-and-serial-evaluation-of-tissue-engineered-portal-vein-grafts-in-a-murine-model
#9
Mark W Maxfield, Mitchel R Stacy, Hirotsugu Kurobe, Shuhei Tara, Tai Yi, Muriel A Cleary, Zhen W Zhuang, Manuel I Rodriguez-Davalos, Sukru H Emre, Yasuko Iwakiri, Toshiharu Shinoka, Christopher K Breuer
AIM: Surgical management of pediatric extrahepatic portal vein obstruction requires meso-Rex bypass using autologous or synthetic grafts. Tissue-engineered vascular grafts (TEVGs) provide an alternative, but no validated animal models using portal TEVGs exist. Herein, we preclinically assess TEVGs as portal vein bypass grafts. MATERIALS & METHODS: TEVGs were implanted as portal vein interposition conduits in SCID-beige mice, monitored by ultrasound and micro-computed tomography, and histologically assessed postmortem at 12 months...
December 7, 2017: Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215150/mri-monitoring-of-focused-ultrasound-sonications-near-metallic-hardware
#10
Hans Weber, Pejman Ghanouni, Aurea Pascal-Tenorio, Kim Butts Pauly, Brian A Hargreaves
PURPOSE: To explore the temperature-induced signal change in two-dimensional multi-spectral imaging (2DMSI) for fast thermometry near metallic hardware to enable MR-guided focused ultrasound surgery (MRgFUS) in patients with implanted metallic hardware. METHOD: 2DMSI was optimized for temperature sensitivity and applied to monitor focus ultrasound surgery (FUS) sonications near metallic hardware in phantoms and ex vivo porcine muscle tissue. Further, we evaluated its temperature sensitivity for in vivo muscle in patients without metallic hardware...
December 7, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214985/non-invasive-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-via-focused-ultrasound-i-in-vivo-i
#11
Matthew Eric Downs, Stephen A Lee, Georgiana Yang, Seaok Kim, Qi Wang, Elisa E Konofagou
Focused ultrasound (FUS) has been employed on a wide range of clinical applications to safely and non-invasively achieve desired effects that have previously required invasive and lengthy procedures with conventional methods. Conventional electrical neuromodulation therapies that are applied to the peripheral nervous system (PNS) are invasive and/or non-specific. Recently, focused ultrasound has demonstrated the ability to modulate the central nervous system and ex vivo peripheral neurons. Here, for the first time, noninvasive stimulation of the sciatic nerve eliciting a physiological response in vivo is demonstrated with FUS...
December 7, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214464/reliability-of-a-semi-automated-algorithm-for-the-vastus-lateralis-muscle-architecture-measurement-based-on-ultrasound-images
#12
Robert Marzilger, Kirsten Legerlotz, Chrystalla Panteli, Sebastian Bohm, Adamantios Arampatzis
PURPOSE: The assessment of muscle architecture with B-mode ultrasound is an established method in muscle physiology and mechanics. There are several manual, semi-automated and automated approaches available for muscle architecture analysis from ultrasound images or videos. However, most approaches have limitations such as workload, subjectivity, drift or they are applicable to short muscle fascicles only. Addressing these issues, an algorithm was developed to analyse architectural parameters of the vastus lateralis muscle (VL)...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211893/aldosterone-is-not-associated-with-metabolic-and-microvascular-insulin-sensitivity-in-abdominally-obese-men
#13
Monica T J Schütten, Yvo H A M Kusters, Alfons J H M Houben, Jean L J M Scheijen, Marjo P H van de Waarenburg, Casper G Schalkwijk, Peter J Joris, Jogchum Plat, Ronald P Mensink, Peter W de Leeuw, Coen D A Stehouwer
Context: Impaired insulin-mediated muscle microvascular recruitment (IMMR) in obese individuals may add to the development of metabolic insulin resistance and hypertension. Increased aldosterone levels have been linked to these obesity-related complications in severely to morbidly obese individuals, and have been found to interfere with microvascular function in experimental studies. Objectives: To investigate whether aldosterone levels are related to IMMR, insulin sensitivity and blood pressure in lean and moderately abdominally obese men, and to study the effect of weight loss on these variables...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211400/robot-assisted-nephropexy
#14
Guilherme Andrade Peixoto, Marcelo Langer Wroclawski, Marcio Covas Moschovas, Arie Carneiro, Milton Borrelli, José Roberto Colombo
INTRODUCTION: Renal ptosis is defined as the renal descent when there is a change from supine to orthostatic position, usually with a change of two vertebral bodies or more than five cm apart. Although rare, it is one of the causes of chronic flank pain or of upper abdomen. The typical patient of renal ptosis is young, female, thin, with complaint of pain when in an upright position (1, 2). OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate a robot-assisted nephropexy technique in a young woman diagnosed with symptomatic renal ptosis on the right kidney, confirmed by imaging tests...
December 7, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208343/single-center-experience-with-intrathecal-administration-of-nusinersen-in-children-with-spinal-muscular-atrophy-type-1
#15
Astrid Pechmann, Thorsten Langer, Sabine Wider, Janbernd Kirschner
BACKGROUND: Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a neuromuscular disorder mainly characterized by proximal muscle weakness. There have been enormous advances in therapeutic development with the possibility to influence the clinical course of the disease. Nusinersen is the first approved drug to treat SMA. It is administered intrathecally and acts as splicing modifier of the SMN2 gene. METHODS: Lumbar punctures were performed using a standardized protocol. To evaluate safety and feasibility of the intrathecal treatment, vital signs and the need for sedation, analgesia or mechanical ventilation during the procedure were monitored...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205594/recovery-of-the-puborectalis-muscle-after-vaginal-delivery-an-ultrasound-study
#16
M K Van de Waarsenburg, E A Verberne, C H van der Vaart, M I J Withagen
OBJECTIVE: To describe changes in the levator hiatus after vaginal delivery compared to pregnancy state by measuring dimensions of the levator hiatus, to map the regeneration in order to contribute to secondary prevention in symptoms of pelvic floor disorders. METHODS: Twenty nulliparous women with a singleton pregnancy received ultrasound assessment of the pelvic floor at rest, contraction and on Valsalva maneuver at 12 weeks' gestation and at 1 day and 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 18 and 24 weeks after vaginal delivery...
December 5, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204225/-in-vivo-gastrocnemius-muscle-tendon-ratio-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Muhammad Naghman Choudhry, Haris Naseem, Ihsan Mahmood, Adeel Aqil, Tahir Khan
Background: The position of the gastrocnemius tendon in relation to the leg length may be different in children with cerebral palsy as compared to normal children. The palpation of muscle bellies or previous experience of the operating surgeon is employed to place the surgical incision for lengthening of the gastrocnemius aponeurosis. Inaccurate localisation may cause incorrect incisions and a risk of iatrogenic damage to the vital structures (i.e. sural nerve). Objectives: The aim of our study is to compare gastrocnemius length in-vivo between paretic and unaffected children and create a formula to localise the muscle-tendon junction accurately...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203988/correlation-of-transabdominal-ultrasonography-and-cystoscopy-in-follow-up-of-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#18
Ahluwalia Puneet, Nair Balagopal, Kumar Ginil, Mathew Georgie, K V Sanjeevan, Thomas Appu
Cystoscopy (CS) is considered to be the gold standard in the follow-up of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. However, CS is invasive, time-consuming, and expensive. On the other hand, modern sensitive transducers have improved the imaging of urinary tract rendering transabdominal ultrasonography (US) more effective in visualizing intraluminal filling defects in the bladder than it was in the past. Twenty-five follow-up patients of low-risk bladder cancer meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in study...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202351/psoas-abscess-masquerading-as-a-prosthetic-hip-infection-a-case-report
#19
Muhammad Atif, Azeem Tariq Malik, Shahryar Noordin
INTRODUCTION: Psoas abscess is an unusual condition and is defined as a collection of pus in the iliopsoas compartment. Due to the unique anatomy of psoas muscle it forms a conduit for spread of infection from upper part of body to hip joint in neglected cases. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67year old lady presented with left groin pain for three weeks. She underwent an uncemented unipolar hemiarthoplasty eight years back. Currently, she developed fever and was unable to do any active left hip range of motion...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198187/unusual-presentation-of-prune-belly-syndrome-a-case-report
#20
Abayneh Girma Demisse, Ashenafi Berhanu, Temesgen Tadesse
BACKGROUND: Prune belly syndrome is a rare congenital malformation of unknown etiology, with the following triad of findings: abdominal muscle wall weakness, undescended testes, and urinary tract abnormalities. In most cases, detection of prune belly syndrome occurs during neonatal or infancy period. In this case report, we describe a 12-year-old boy from Ethiopia with the triad of findings of prune belly syndrome along with skeletal malformations. We are unaware of any previous report of prune belly syndrome in Ethiopia...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
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