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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904748/patterns-of-medication-use-and-factors-associated-with-antibiotic-use-among-adult-fever-patients-at-singapore-primary-care-clinics
#1
Zaw Myo Tun, Mahesh Moorthy, Martin Linster, Yvonne C F Su, Richard James Coker, Eng Eong Ooi, Jenny Guek-Hong Low, Gavin J D Smith, Clarence C Tam
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is a public health problem of global importance. In Singapore, much focus has been given to antibiotic usage patterns in hospital settings. Data on antibiotic use in primary care is lacking. We describe antibiotic usage patterns and assess factors contributing to antibiotic usage among adults presenting with acute febrile illness (AFI) in primary care settings in Singapore. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Early Dengue infection and outcome study...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876457/providers-perspectives-on-inbound-medical-tourism-in-central-america-and-the-caribbean-factors-driving-and-inhibiting-sector-development-and-their-health-equity-implications
#2
Rory Johnston, Valorie A Crooks, Alejandro Cerón, Ronald Labonté, Jeremy Snyder, Emanuel O Núñez, Walter G Flores
BACKGROUND: Many governments and health care providers worldwide are enthusiastic to develop medical tourism as a service export. Despite the popularity of this policy uptake, there is relatively little known about the specific local factors prospectively motivating and informing development of this sector. OBJECTIVE: To identify common social, economic, and health system factors shaping the development of medical tourism in three Central American and Caribbean countries and their health equity implications...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873322/non-medical-prescribing-versus-medical-prescribing-for-acute-and-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#3
REVIEW
Greg Weeks, Johnson George, Katie Maclure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: A range of health workforce strategies are needed to address health service demands in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Non-medical prescribing involves nurses, pharmacists, allied health professionals, and physician assistants substituting for doctors in a prescribing role, and this is one approach to improve access to medicines. OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical, patient-reported, and resource use outcomes of non-medical prescribing for managing acute and chronic health conditions in primary and secondary care settings compared with medical prescribing (usual care)...
November 22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828613/morbidity-utilization-of-curative-care-and-service-entry-point-preferences-in-metropolitan-centro-habana-cuba
#4
Armando Rodríguez, Addys Díaz, Susana Balcindes, René García, Pol De Vos, Patrick Van der Stuyft
First-line health services with a primary health care approach are a strong trigger for adequate health-care-seeking behavior. Research on the association between prevalence of chronic diseases and acute illnesses and use of health services emphasizes the importance of socioeconomic determinants in such patterns of utilization. In a cross-sectional study of 408 families in Centro Habana, Cuba, home interviews were conducted between April and June 2010 to analyze socio-demographic determinants of acute and chronic health problems and use of formal health services...
November 3, 2016: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819197/the-economic-burden-of-inadequate-consumption-of-vegetables-and-fruit-in-canada
#5
John Paul Ekwaru, Arto Ohinmaa, Sarah Loehr, Solmaz Setayeshgar, Nguyen Xuan Thanh, Paul J Veugelers
OBJECTIVE: Public health decision makers not only consider health benefits but also economic implications when articulating and issuing lifestyle recommendations. Whereas various estimates exist for the economic burden of physical inactivity, excess body weight and smoking, estimates of the economic burden associated with our diet are rare. In the present study, we estimated the economic burden attributable to the inadequate consumption of vegetables and fruit in Canada. DESIGN: We accessed the Canadian Community Health Survey to assess the inadequacy in the consumption of vegetables and fruit and published meta-analyses to assemble risk estimates for chronic diseases...
November 7, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813058/resolving-malpractice-claims-after-tort-reform-experience-in-a-self-insured-texas-public-academic-health-system
#6
William M Sage, Molly Colvard Harding, Eric J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: To describe the litigation experience in a state with strict tort reform of a large public university health system that has committed to transparency with patients and families in resolving medical errors. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Secondary data collected from The University of Texas System, which self-insures approximately 6,000 physicians at six health campuses across the state. We obtained internal case management data for all medical malpractice claims closed during 1 year before and 6 recent years following the enactment of state tort reform legislation...
November 4, 2016: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769877/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-savings-in-diabetes-care-supported-by-pharmacist-counselling
#7
Magaly Rodriguez de Bittner, Viktor V Chirikov, Ian M Breunig, Roxanne W Zaghab, Fadia Tohme Shaya
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and cost savings of a real-world, continuous, pharmacist-delivered service with an employed patient population with diabetes over a 5-year period. SETTING: The Patients, Pharmacists Partnerships (P(3) Program) was offered as an "opt-in" benefit to employees of 6 public and private self-insured employers in Maryland and Virginia. Care was provided in ZIP code-matched locations and at 2 employers' worksites. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Six hundred two enrolled patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes were studied between July 2006 and May 2012 with an average follow-up of 2...
October 18, 2016: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762204/health-information-technologies-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-focus-on-patient-assessment
#8
Chiara Tani, Leopoldo Trieste, Valentina Lorenzoni, Sara Cannizzo, Giuseppe Turchetti, Marta Mosca
Recent advances in health information technologies (HIT) in systemic lupus erythematosus have included electronic databases and registries, computerised clinical charts for patient monitoring, computerised diagnostic tools, computerised prediction rules and, more recently, disease-specific applications for mobile devices for physicians, health care professionals, and patients. Traditionally, HIT development has been oriented primarily to physicians and public administrators. However, more recent development of patient-centered Apps could improve communication and empower patients in the daily management of their disease...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752276/imbalances-in-the-german-public-health-system-numbers-of-state-certified-occupational-physicians-and-relation-to-socioeconomic-data
#9
Christoph Gyo, Michael Boll, Dörthe Brüggmann, Doris Klingelhöfer, David Quarcoo, David A Groneberg
BACKGROUND: State-certified occupational physicians who work as civil servants in the Federal Republic of Germany are key players in the German Public Health system. They control i.e. the legal compliance in occupational health and participate in the occupational disease procedures. Despite the role model function of the German Public health system for many developing countries, this area of Public health is debated to have been hampered in the past years by a disregard concerning structural developments...
2016: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747751/economic-development-and-road-traffic-fatalities-in-russia-analysis-of-federal-regions-2004-2011
#10
Huan He, Nino Paichadze, Adnan A Hyder, David Bishai
BACKGROUND: The relationship between economic development and road safety at sub-national level has not been well established. This study aims to assess the relationships between economic growth (measured by gross regional product (GRP)) and road traffic fatalities (RTFs) and crash fatality ratio (CFR) at sub-national level in Russia. METHODS: We used published secondary data on annual RTFs and CFR obtained from the traffic police and socioeconomic development indicators from the statistics department for each Russian federal region (referred to in Russia as "subject") for 2004-2011...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681029/key-success-factors-behind-electronic-medical-record-adoption-in-thailand
#11
Kanida Narattharaksa, Mark Speece, Charles Newton, Damrongsak Bulyalert
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the elements that health care personnel in Thailand believe are necessary for successful adoption of electronic medical record (EMR) systems. Design/methodology/approach Initial qualitative in-depth interviews with physicians to adapt key elements from the literature to the Thai context. The 12 elements identified included things related to managing the implementation and to IT expertise. The nationwide survey was supported by the Ministry of Public Health and returned 1,069 usable questionnaires (response rate 42 percent) from a range of medical personnel...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603897/romania-health-system-review
#12
Cristian Vladescu, Silvia Gabriela Scintee, Victor Olsavszky, Cristina Hernandez-Quevedo, Anna Sagan
This analysis of the Romanian health system reviews recent developments in organization and governance, health financing, health care provision, health reforms and health system performance. The Romanian health care system is a social health insurance system that has remained highly centralized despite recent efforts to decentralize some regulatory functions. It provides a comprehensive benefits package to the 85% of the population that is covered, with the remaining population having access to a minimum package of benefits...
August 2016: Health Systems in Transition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565265/cost-effectiveness-and-clinical-practice-guidelines-have-we-reached-a-tipping-point-an-overview
#13
Louis P Garrison
Given recent developments in the United States, where professional clinical societies have attempted to define "value" and consider it in their deliberations about appropriate care, this thematic article describes those recent specialty society efforts in the United States in cardiology and oncology and the multispecialty efforts in the United Kingdom for over 10 years. Despite our high levels of health spending, and our field's long and consistent approach to the basic tools of cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA), US private and public payers are not routinely or explicitly using CEAs in their reimbursement decisions...
July 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27523185/examining-the-influence-of-country-level-and-health-system-factors-on-nursing-and-physician-personnel-production
#14
Allison Squires, S Jennifer Uyei, Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Simon A Jones
BACKGROUND: A key component to achieving good patient outcomes is having the right type and number of healthcare professionals with the right resources. Lack of investment in infrastructure required for producing and retaining adequate numbers of health professionals is one reason, and contextual factors related to socioeconomic development may further explain the trend. Therefore, this study sought to explore the relationships between country-level contextual factors and healthcare human resource production (defined as worker-to-population ratio) across 184 countries...
2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515404/effect-of-primary-health-care-reforms-in-turkey-on-health-service-utilization-and-user-satisfaction
#15
Thomas Hone, Ipek Gurol-Urganci, Christopher Millett, Berrak Başara, Recep Akdağ, Rifat Atun
Strengthening primary health care (PHC) is considered a priority for efficient and responsive health systems, but empirical evidence from low- and middle-income countries is limited. The stepwise introduction of family medicine across all 81 provinces of Turkey (a middle-income country) between 2005 and 2010, aimed at PHC strengthening, presents a natural experiment for assessing the effect of family medicine on health service utilization and user satisfaction.The effect of health system reforms, that introduced family medicine, on utilization was assessed using longitudinal, province-level data for 12 years and multivariate regression models adjusting for supply-side variables, demographics, socio-economic development and underlying yearly trends...
August 10, 2016: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501867/a-tale-of-loss-of-privilege-resilience-and-change-the-impact-of-the-economic-crisis-on-physicians-and-medical-services-in-portugal
#16
Giuliano Russo, Inês Rego, Julian Perelman, Pedro Pita Barros
That the current economic crisis is having an impact on population health and healthcare utilisation across Europe is fairly established; how national health systems and markets are reacting is however still poorly understood. Drawing from the economic literature we conducted 21 interviews with physicians, policy-makers and healthcare managers in Portugal, to explore their perceptions on the impact of the crisis on the country's market medical services, on physicians' motivation, and the ensuing coping strategies...
September 2016: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491172/-early-achievements-of-the-danish-pharmaceutical-industry-8-lundbeck
#17
Jørgen V Grevsen, Hanne Kirkegaard, Edith Kruse, Poul R Kruse
The article series provides a written and pictorial account of the Danish pharmaceutical industry's products from their introduction until about 1950. Part 8 deals with products from Lundbeck. Lundbeck which today is known as a considerable international pharmaceutical company could in 2015 celebrate its 100 years' jubilee. Among the early Danish medicinal companies H. Lundbeck & Co. is in many ways an exception as the company was not originally established as a pharmaceutical company. Not until several years after the foundation the company began to import foreign ready-made medicinal products and later-on to manufacture these medicinal products in own factory and even later to do research and development of own innovative products...
2016: Theriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487542/-the-questions-of-improving-the-information-analytical-component-in-the-reform-of-the-health-care-system-in-ukraine
#18
Инна В Беликова, Леся А Руденко
INTRODUCTION: A priority task of the development strategy of the Ukrainian health care system is the saving and improving of public health. With the development of new economic relations, health care restructuring, the introduction of new financing mechanisms to policy-makers have an important task of the organization of operational management on the basis of timely quality information. According to many authors, the ability to improve the quality of the received information is possible due to the intercalation of information technologies...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476521/-obese-hungary-trend-and-prevalence-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-hungary-2015
#19
Imre Rurik, Tímea Ungvári, Judit Szidor, Péter Torzsa, Csaba Móczár, Zoltán Jancsó, János Sándor
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of obesity is growing continuously worldwide, even in Hungary. Since 1988, when the first professional wide-range evaluation was performed, only limited data are available. AIM: Authors present the results of the ever largest Hungarian obesity-prevalence surveys, performed by family and occupational physicians. METHOD: Data from 0.55% of the population above 18 year were registered in all geographical regions of Hungary (43,287 persons; 17,901 males and 25,386 females), close to the proper national representativeness...
July 2016: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469581/what-can-the-canadians-and-americans-learn-from-each-other-s-health-care-systems
#20
Thomas P Weil
Numerous papers have been written comparing the Canadian and US healthcare systems, and a number of health policy experts have recommended that the Americans implement their single-payer system to save 12-20% of its healthcare expenditures. This paper is different in that it assumes that neither country will undertake a significant philosophic or structural change in their healthcare system, but there are lessons to be learned that are inherent in one that could be a major breakthrough for the other. Following the model in Canada and in Western Europe, the USA could implement universal health insurance so that the 32...
July 2016: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
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