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University of chicago surgery

Hani Ibrahim Taman, Ahmed Mohamed Farid, Waleed Mohamed Abdelghaffar
BACKGROUND: Lumbar puncture is a difficult medical skill and is used for administering subarachnoid anesthetic medications. Estimation of skin to subarachnoid space depth (SSD) helps to reduce post spinal anesthetic complications. AIMS: To measure the SDD in overall Egyptian population and to find a formula for predicting SSD in Egyptian patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Four hundred patients of American Society of Anesthesiologist class I and II adult Egyptian patients undergoing surgery using spinal anesthesia in general and obstetric surgery unit, Mansoura University main hospital, were included in this prospective, observational study...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Mark K Ferguson
The world of cardiothoracic surgery lost a friend and remarkable colleague on May 9, 2016. Robert L. Replogle, the 31st President of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons, died at the University of Chicago Medical Center after a brief illness, surrounded by his loving family. Known to his friends as "Rep," he will be remembered as an excellent pediatric and adult cardiac surgeon and as a visionary leader.
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Aslam Ejaz, Pankti Patel, Raquel Gonzalez-Heredia, Mark Holterman, Enrique F Elli, Robert Kanard
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of obesity has necessitated the increasing use of bariatric surgery in the adolescent population. Outcomes following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) among adolescents, however, have not been well-studied. We report outcomes following LSG as a first-line surgical therapy in patients under 21years of age. METHODS: All patients who underwent LSG as a primary surgical option for morbid obesity were identified at the University of Illinois at Chicago between 2006 and 2014...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Abed Namavari, Robert A Hyde, Daniel Wang, Thasarat S Vajaranant, Ahmad A Aref
INTRODUCTION: This study is a retrospective case series to evaluate the outcomes and complications of Baerveldt glaucoma implant surgery (BGI) in patients without prior cataract or incisional glaucoma surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent 350-mm(2) BGI through the Glaucoma Service of the University of Illinois at Chicago between 2010 and 2015 were included in this study. Outcome measures included age, sex, ethnicity, operated eye, preoperative diagnosis, preoperative, and sequential postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP), visual acuity, glaucoma medications, and postoperative complication and interventions...
July 25, 2016: Ophthalmology and Therapy
A Gangemi, R Danilkowicz, F E Elli, F Bianco, M Masrur, P C Giulianotti
Comparative studies between robotic and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) focus heavily on economic considerations under the assumption of comparable clinical outcomes. Advancement of the robotic technique and the further widespread use of this approach suggest a need for newer comparison studies. 676 ICG-aided robotic cholecystectomies (ICG-aided RC) performed at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Division of General, Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery were compiled retrospectively. Additionally, 289 LC were similarly obtained...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Aimee K Gardner, Daniel J Scott
BACKGROUND: Although the reciprocity hypothesis (that trainees have a tendency to modify evaluations based on the grades they receive from instructors) has been documented in other fields, very little work has examined this phenomenon in the surgical residency environment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which lenient-grading faculty receive higher evaluations from surgery residents. METHODS: Evaluation data from 2 consecutive academic years were collected retrospectively at a large university-based General Surgery residency program...
May 17, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Mehmet Nuri Konya, Bahattin Kerem Aydn, Timur Yldrm, Hakan Sofu, Sarper Gürsu
Hip dysplasia (HD) is 1 of the major reasons of coxarthrosis. The goal of the treatment of HD by Tönnis triple pelvic osteotomy (TPAO) is to improve the function of hip joint while relieving pain, delaying and possibly preventing end-stage arthritis. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical and radiological results of TPAO to determine if previous surgery has a negative effect on TPAO.Patients operated with TPAO between 2005 and 2010, included in this study. Patients divided into 2 groups: primary acetabular dysplasia (PAD) and residual acetabular dysplasia (RAD)...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Abdo M Saad, Frank Czul, Atsushi Sakuraba, David T Rubin, Russell D Cohen
BACKGROUND: Although Crohn's disease (CD) is usually diagnosed at a younger age, a growing population of patients with inflammatory bowel disease is diagnosed above age 60 (elderly). The aim of this study was to compare disease phenotype, behavior, and therapy in elderly patients with CD to young patients diagnosed between 18 to 25 years. METHODS: This retrospective case-control study identified patients diagnosed with CD at age 60 or above (elderly) and matched them by gender and disease duration with 2 "young" controls diagnosed between 18 and 25 years...
May 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Ijeoma Arodiwe, Josephat Chinawa, Fortune Ujunwa, Dabere Adiele, Mildred Ukoha, Egbuna Obidike
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are prone to malnutrition. This can have a significant effect on the outcome of surgery. Our objective was to determine the burden and determinant of malnutrition in children with several types of congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: This is a descriptive cross sectional study of children attending the outpatient clinic of UNTH, Ituku - Ozalla, Enugu State, over a six year period from March 2007 to April 2014...
September 2015: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Ann Schufreider, Dana B McQueen, Sang Mee Lee, Rachel Allon, Meike L Uhler, Jocelyn Davie, Eve C Feinberg
STUDY QUESTION: Does an association exist between high normal numbers of CGG trinucleotide repeats on the fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene and diminished ovarian reserve (DOR)? SUMMARY ANSWER: This large data set demonstrated that a high normal number of CGG repeats (35-54 repeats) on the FMR1 gene was not significantly correlated with DOR. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The FMR1 premutation (55-200 repeats) is a known cause of primary ovarian insufficiency...
November 2015: Human Reproduction
Albert P Wong, Rishi R Lall, Nader S Dahdaleh, Cort D Lawton, Zachary A Smith, Ricky H Wong, Michael J Harvey, Sandi Lam, Tyler R Koski, Richard G Fessler
OBJECT Patients with symptomatic intradural-extramedullary (ID-EM) tumors may be successfully treated with resection of the lesion and decompression of associated neural structures. Studies of patients undergoing open resection of these tumors have reported high rates of gross-total resection (GTR) with minimal long-term neurological deficit. Case reports and small case series have suggested that these patients may be successfully treated with minimally invasive surgery (MIS). These studies have been limited by small patient populations...
August 2015: Neurosurgical Focus
Gudrun Gröppel, Christian Dorfer, Angelika Mühlebner-Fahrngruber, Anastasia Dressler, Barbara Porsche, Thomas Czech, Martha Feucht
PURPOSE: To investigate language development after functional hemispherotomy and to evaluate prognostic factors for (un-)favourable outcomes. METHODS: Children and adolescents who had vertical perithalamic hemispherotomy at the Medical University Wien (MUW) paediatric epilepsy centre were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Inclusion criteria were: complete clinical, neurophysiological and neuropsychological data, seizure freedom and a minimum follow-up of 12 months after surgery...
August 2015: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
Akiko Tanaka, Takeyoshi Ota, Nir Uriel, Zewditu Asfaw, David Onsager, Vassyl A Lonchyna, Valluvan Jeevanandam
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to identify factors associated with adverse outcomes in Jehovah's Witness patients undergoing complex cardiovascular surgery and to validate our preoperative optimization protocol. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 144 Jehovah's Witnesses who underwent cardiovascular surgery between 1999 and 2014. We excluded 7 salvage cases. The operative procedures included 56 coronary artery bypass graft surgeries, 43 valve procedures, 13 ventricular assist device implantations, 11 heart transplantations, 9 aortic surgeries, and 5 congenital defect repairs...
October 2015: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
F Qayyum, S Armato, C Straus, A Husain, W Vigneswaran, H Kindler
PURPOSE: To determine the potential utility of computed tomography (CT) scans in the assessment of physical tumor bulk in malignant pleural mesothelioma patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma were used for this study. A CT scan was acquired for each patient prior to surgical resection of the tumor (median time between scan and surgery: 27 days). After surgery, the ex-vivo tumor volume was measured by a pathologist using a water displacement method...
June 2015: Medical Physics
Jens Rothenberger, Seyed Morteza Seyed Jafari, Kai P Schnabel, Christian Tschumi, Sarina Angermeier, Maziar Shafighi
BACKGROUND: Learning surgical skills in the operating room may be a challenge for medical students. Therefore, more approaches using simulation to enable students to develop their practical skills are required. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that (1) there would be a need for additional surgical training for medical students in the pre-final year, and (2) our basic surgery skills training program using fresh human skin would improve medical students' surgical skills...
September 2015: Journal of Surgical Education
Omid Savari, Karolina Golab, Ling-Jia Wang, Lindsay Schenck, Randall Grose, Martin Tibudan, Sabarinathan Ramachandran, W James Chon, Mitchell C Posner, J Michael Millis, Jeffrey B Matthews, Andres Gelrud, Piotr Witkowski
The aim of the study was to assess the rate of insulin independence in patients after total pancreatectomy (TP) and islet autotransplantation in our center. TP followed by islet autotransplantation was performed in 10 patients. Severe unrelenting pain associated with chronic pancreatitis was the major indication for surgery. Islets were isolated using the modified Ricordi method and infused through the portal vein. Exogenous insulin therapy was implemented for at least two months posttransplant to support islet engraftment and was subsequently weaned off, if possible...
April 2015: American Surgeon
Ghada F El-Baradey, Nagat S Elshmaa
AIMS: The aim was to assess the effectiveness of adding either dexamethasone or midazolam in comparison with epinephrine addition to 0.5% bupivacaine in supraclavicular brachial plexus block. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a prospective randomized controlled observer-blinded study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This study was carried out in Tanta University Hospital on 60 patients of both sexes; American Society of Anesthesiologists physical Status I and II, age range from 18 to 45 years undergo elective surgery to upper limb...
November 2014: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Marco Bertucci Zoccali, Alberto Biondi, Mukta Krane, Essie Kueberuwa, Gianluca Rizzo, Roberto Persiani, Claudio Coco, Roger D Hurst, Domenico D'Ugo, Alessandro Fichera
PURPOSE: Perineal wounds after complete proctectomy are at risk for failure, with dramatic consequences on patients' health and quality of life. This study is aimed at identifying risk factors for wound complications in patients undergoing primary closure of the perineal defect after total proctectomy. METHODS: Data from 284 patients undergoing total proctectomy from 2002 to 2012 either at the University of Chicago Medical Center or the Catholic University of Rome Hospital were collected and analyzed...
January 2015: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Aristotelis Marinis, Fatemeh S Afshari, Judy Chia-Chun Yuan, Damian J Lee, George Syros, Kent L Knoernschild, Stephen D Campbell, Cortino Sukotjo
The aim of the present retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of implant-supported overdenture treatment provided by prosthodontic specialty residents. Twenty-three patients with 25 implant-supported overdentures (IODs) participated in the study. Seventy-four implants were placed by periodontic, prosthodontics, or oral and maxillofacial surgery students. All prostheses were fabricated in the advanced prosthodontics clinic at University of Illinois at Chicago. The condition of the peri-implant soft tissue, implants, and prostheses were evaluated...
February 2016: Journal of Oral Implantology
Adam C Stein, David T Rubin, Stephen B Hanauer, Russell D Cohen
BACKGROUND: Certolizumab pegol (CERT) is indicated for reducing the signs and symptoms of Crohn's disease (CD) and maintaining clinical response. Patients losing response received an extra "capture" re-induction dose in the PRECiSE 4 study. We examined the use of certolizumab in a retrospective cohort of patients with CD at a single inflammatory bowel disease center. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of all adult patients with CD treated with CERT at the University of Chicago from April 22, 2008 to May 1, 2011...
October 2014: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
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