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Sirt3 AND angiotensin

Ana Muñoz, Clynton L Corrêa, Andrea Lopez-Lopez, Maria A Costa-Besada, Carmen Diaz-Ruiz, Jose L Labandeira-Garcia
Dysregulation of tissue renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is involved in oxidative and inflammatory processes observed in major aging-related diseases, including neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson´s disease (PD). Physical exercise has beneficial effects against aging-related changes, dopaminergic neuron vulnerability and PD progression. The present study indicates that sedentary aged rats have an increase in activity of the nigral angiotensin (Ang) II/Ang type 1 receptor (AT1) axis (i.e. the pro-oxidative pro-inflammatory arm), and a decrease in the activity of the RAS protective arm (i...
April 12, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Juan-Juan Li, Shun-Jin Liu, Xiao-Yu Liu, Eng-Ang Ling
BACKGROUND: Activated microglia play a pivotal role neurodegenerative diseases by producing a variety of proinflammatory mediators including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1bea (IL-1β) and nitric oxide (NO) that are toxic to neurons and oligodendrocytes. METHODS: In view of the above, suppression of microglia mediated neuroinflammation is deemed a therapeutic strategy for neurodegenerative diseases. Several potential Chinese herbal extracts have been reported to exert neuroprotective effects against neurodegenerative diseases targeting specifically at the activated microglia...
February 14, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Tong Wei, Gaojian Huang, Jing Gao, Chenglin Huang, Mengwei Sun, Jian Wu, Juan Bu, Weili Shen
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence indicates that impaired angiogenesis may contribute to hypertension-induced cardiac remodeling. The nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent deacetylase Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) has the potential to modulate angiogenesis, but this has not been confirmed. As such, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between SIRT3-mediated angiogenesis and cardiac remodeling. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our experiments were performed on SIRT3 knockout and age-matched wild-type mice infused with angiotensin II (1400 ng/kg per minute) or saline for 14 days...
August 19, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
Anna E Dikalova, Hana A Itani, Rafal R Nazarewicz, William G McMaster, Charles R Flynn, Roman Uzhachenko, Joshua P Fessel, Jorge L Gamboa, David G Harrison, Sergey I Dikalov
RATIONALE: Clinical studies have shown that Sirt3 (Sirtuin 3) expression declines by 40% by 65 years of age paralleling the increased incidence of hypertension and metabolic conditions further inactivate Sirt3 because of increased NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, reduced form) and acetyl-CoA levels. Sirt3 impairment reduces the activity of a key mitochondrial antioxidant enzyme, superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) because of hyperacetylation. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined whether the loss of Sirt3 activity increases vascular oxidative stress because of SOD2 hyperacetylation and promotes endothelial dysfunction and hypertension...
August 18, 2017: Circulation Research
Ping He, Zhuoming Li, Zhongbao Yue, Hui Gao, Guoshuai Feng, Panxia Wang, Yi Huang, Wenwei Luo, Huiqi Hong, Liying Liang, Shaorui Chen, Peiqing Liu
Silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 3 (SIRT3) is a major protective mediator that ameliorates oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction, which are associated with the pathogenesis of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The present study was aimed to investigate the potential role of SIRT3 in renal tubular EMT both in vitro and in vivo. Firstly, we showed that the expression of SIRT3 was repressed in angiotensin II-induced EMT. SIRT3 deficiency triggered EMT response, while over-expression of SIRT3 attenuated EMT response...
January 15, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Guoliang Meng, Jieqiong Liu, Shangmin Liu, Qiuyi Song, Lulu Liu, Liping Xie, Yi Han, Yong Ji
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) is a gaseous signal molecule with antioxidative properties. Sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) is closely associated with mitochondrial function and oxidative stress. The study was to investigate whether and how H2 S improved myocardial hypertrophy via a SIRT3-dependent manner. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were pretreated with NaHS (50 μM) for 4 h followed by angiotensin II (Ang II, 100 nM) for 24 h. SIRT3 was silenced with siRNA technology...
May 15, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
Na Li, Jie Zhang, Xuefang Yan, Chen Zhang, Hui Liu, Xiaolan Shan, Jingyuan Li, Yi Yang, Chengmin Huang, Peng Zhang, Yun Zhang, Peili Bu
Renal fibrosis participates in the progression of hypertension-induced kidney injury. The effect of SIRT3, a member of the NAD+-dependent deacetylase family, in hypertensive nephropathy remains unclear. In this study, we found that SIRT3 was reduced after angiotensin II (AngII) treatment both in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, SIRT3-knockout mice aggravated hypertension-induced renal dysfunction and renal fibrosis via chronic AngII infusion (2000 ng/kg per minute for 42 days). On the contrary, SIRT3-overexpression mice attenuated AngII-induced kidney injury compared with wild-type mice...
June 13, 2017: Oncotarget
Lirong Guo, Ankang Yin, Qi Zhang, Tiecheng Zhong, Stephen T O'Rourke, Chengwen Sun
The objectives of the present study were to investigate the effect of ANG-(1-7) on the development of cardiac hypertrophy and to identify the intracellular mechanism underlying this action of ANG-(1-7). Blood pressure and heart rate were recorded using radiotelemetry before and after chronic subcutaneous infusion of control (PBS), ANG II, ANG-(1-7), or ANG II + ANG-(1-7) for 4 wk in normotensive rats. Chronic administration of ANG-(1-7) did not affect either basal blood pressure or the ANG II-induced elevation in blood pressure...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Xiao-Hui Guan, Xuan Hong, Ning Zhao, Xiao-Hong Liu, Yun-Fei Xiao, Ting-Tao Chen, Li-Bin Deng, Xiao-Lei Wang, Jian-Bin Wang, Guang-Ju Ji, Mingui Fu, Ke-Yu Deng, Hong-Bo Xin
Cardiac hypertrophy is an early hallmark during the clinical course of heart failure and regulated by various signalling pathways. Recently, we observed that mouse embryonic fibroblasts from CD38 knockout mice were significantly resistant to oxidative stress such as H2 O2 -induced injury and hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced injury. In addition, we also found that CD38 knockout mice protected heart from ischaemia reperfusion injury through activating SIRT1/FOXOs-mediated antioxidative stress pathway. However, the role of CD38 in cardiac hypertrophy is not explored...
August 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Sujana Katta, Santosh Karnewar, Devayani Panuganti, Mahesh Kumar Jerald, B K S Sastry, Srigiridhar Kotamraju
In this study we explored the microRNAs responsible for the regulation of PAI-1 during LPS-stimulated inflammation in human aortic endothelial cells and subsequently studied the effect of a newly synthesized mitochondria-targeted esculetin (Mito-Esc) that was shown for its anti-atherosclerotic potential, in modulating PAI-1 levels and its targeted miRs during angiotensin-II-induced atherosclerosis in ApoE(-/-) mice. LPS-stimulated PAI-1 was accompanied with an upregulation of miR-19b and down-regulation of miR-30c...
January 2018: Journal of Cellular Physiology
Jingyuan Li, Tongshuai Chen, Ming Xiao, Na Li, Shujian Wang, Hongyan Su, Xiaobin Guo, Hui Liu, Fangying Yan, Yi Yang, Yun Zhang, Peili Bu
Sirt3, a mitochondrial NAD+-dependent histone deacetylase, is the only member proven to promote longevity in mammalian Sirtuin family. The processed short form of Sirt3 has been demonstrated to target many mediators of energy metabolism and mitochondrial stress adaptive program. Autophagy serves as a dynamic recycling mechanism and provides energy or metabolic substrates. Among the mechanisms triggered by cardiac stress, opinions vary as to whether autophagy is a protective or detrimental response. Here, by inducing the Sirt3-knockout mice to myocardial hypertrophy with chronic angiotensin II infusion for four weeks, we determined the role of Sirt3 in myocardial hypertrophy and autophagy...
December 27, 2016: Oncotarget
Yu-Xuan Luo, Xiaoqiang Tang, Xi-Zhou An, Xue-Min Xie, Xiao-Feng Chen, Xiang Zhao, De-Long Hao, Hou-Zao Chen, De-Pei Liu
Aims: Oxidative stress contributes to the development of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. One of the mitochondrial sirtuins, Sirt4, is highly expressed in the heart, but its function remains unknown. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of Sirt4 in the pathogenesis of pathological cardiac hypertrophy and the molecular mechanism by which Sirt4 regulates mitochondrial oxidative stress. Methods and results: Male C57BL/6 Sirt4 knockout mice, transgenic (Tg) mice exhibiting cardiac-specific overexpression of Sirt4 (Sirt4-Tg) and their respective controls were treated with angiotensin II (Ang II, 1...
May 7, 2017: European Heart Journal
Santosh Karnewar, Sathish Babu Vasamsetti, Raja Gopoju, Anantha Koteswararao Kanugula, Sai Krishna Ganji, Sripadi Prabhakar, Nandini Rangaraj, Nitin Tupperwar, Jerald Mahesh Kumar, Srigiridhar Kotamraju
Mitochondria-targeted compounds are emerging as a new class of drugs that can potentially alter the pathophysiology of those diseases where mitochondrial dysfunction plays a critical role. We have synthesized a novel mitochondria-targeted esculetin (Mito-Esc) with an aim to investigate its effect during oxidative stress-induced endothelial cell death and angiotensin (Ang)-II-induced atherosclerosis in ApoE(-/-) mice. Mito-Esc but not natural esculetin treatment significantly inhibited H2O2- and Ang-II-induced cell death in human aortic endothelial cells by enhancing NO production via AMPK-mediated eNOS phosphorylation...
April 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
Sabzali Javadov, Nelson Escobales
Cardiac ischemia-reperfusion stimulates the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) associated with elevated levels of circulating angiotensin II. Numerous studies demonstrate that the antagonist for the angiotensin II type 1 receptor, losartan improves cardiac function in animal models of ischemia-reperfusion. Molecular mechanisms of the cardioprotective effects of RAS inhibitors on cardiac ischemia-reperfusion remain poorly understood, and are not associated with the anti-hypertensive action of these drugs. This Commentary focuses on the study published in the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2015, 18:112-123, that elucidates the role of SIRT3 in the cardioprotective action of losartan against ischemic-reperfusion injury...
2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Hui Liu, Tongshuai Chen, Na Li, Shujian Wang, Peili Bu
BACKGROUND: SIRT3, a member of the sirtuin family of NAD(+)-dependent deacetylases, resides primarily in the mitochondria and has been shown to deacetylate several metabolic and respiratory enzymes that regulate important mitochondrial functions. Previous researches show an important role of SIRT3 in regulating the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and highlight the ability of SIRT3 to protect cells from oxidative damage. A key substance of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS), Angiotensin II (AngII) can induce cells dysfunction by increasing the production of ROS...
2015: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Eirini Pantazi, Mohamed Bejaoui, Mohamed Amine Zaouali, Emma Folch-Puy, Anabela Pinto Rolo, Arnau Panisello, Carlos Marques Palmeira, Joan Roselló-Catafau
AIM: To investigate a possible association between losartan and sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in reduced-size orthotopic liver transplantation (ROLT) in rats. METHODS: Livers of male Sprague-Dawley rats (200-250 g) were preserved in University of Wisconsin preservation solution for 1 h at 4 °C prior to ROLT. In an additional group, an antagonist of angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R), losartan, was orally administered (5 mg/kg) 24 h and 1 h before the surgical procedure to both the donors and the recipients...
July 14, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Mohsen Sharifi Klishadi, Farideh Zarei, Seyyed Hassan Hejazian, Ali Moradi, Mahdieh Hemati, Fatemeh Safari
PURPOSE: Sirtuin-3 (SIRT3) deacetylase protects the heart against oxidative stress via survival factors upregulation. Clinical and experimental studies have demonstrated that activation of systemic and local renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is implicated in ischemia-induced cardiac injury. However, the relation between RAS and SIRT3 in pathophysiology of myocardial ischemia reperfusion is unknown. In this study, the cardiac transcription and expression of SIRT3 levels was examined in response to ischemia reperfusion in untreated and losartan treated rats...
2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Yao-Ping Lin, Wen-Chung Yu, Meng-Erh Hsu, Hsiao-Chien Tsai, Chen-Chung Liao, Chao-Hsiung Lin
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with cardiac hypertrophy that leads to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. To date, use of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade has been the main treatment modality. However, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system blockade by the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) can only partially reverse the cardiac hypertrophy without having a significant impact on all-cause mortality as evidenced by meta-analyses from clinical trials...
April 2015: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Yong Li, Guangsi Shen, Chen Yu, Guangfei Li, Junkang Shen, Jianping Gong, Youjia Xu
Previous report showed that angiotensin II accelerates osteoporosis, and recent clinical studies suggest that several antihypertensive drugs, especially angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, reduced bone fractures. However, the underling mechanism by which angiotensin II induces bone dysfunction is largely unknown. Here in this study, we show that angiotensin II induces mitochondrial oxidative stress and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) damage. We find that the protein and RNA levels of mitochondrial catalase and manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) are decreased in osteoblasts in the presence of angiotensin II...
December 5, 2014: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Takeshi Shiraishi, Yoshifuru Tamura, Kei Taniguchi, Masato Higaki, Shuko Ueda, Tomoko Shima, Michito Nagura, Takahiko Nakagawa, Richard J Johnson, Shunya Uchida
An inhibition in the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is one of the most widely used therapies to treat chronic kidney disease. However, its effect is occasionally not sufficient and additional treatments may be required. Recently, we reported that nicorandil exhibited renoprotective effects in a mouse model of diabetic nephropathy. Here we examined if nicorandil can provide an additive protection on enalapril in chronic kidney disease. Single treatment with either enalapril or nicorandil significantly ameliorated glomerular and tubulointerstitial injury in the rat remnant kidney while the combination of these two compounds provided additive effects...
December 15, 2014: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
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