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alginate hydrogel

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148982/a-dentin-derived-hydrogel-bioink-for-3d-printing-of-cell-laden-scaffolds-for-regenerative-dentistry
#1
Avathamsa Athirasala, Anthony Tahayeri, Greeshma Thrivikraman, Cristiane Miranda Franca, Nelson Monteiro, Victor Tran, Jack Ferracane, Luiz Bertassoni
Recent studies in tissue engineering have adopted extracellular matrix (ECM) derived scaffolds as natural and cytocompatible microenvironments for tissue regeneration. The dentin matrix, specifically, has been shown to be associated with a host of soluble and insoluble signaling molecules that can promote odontogenesis. Here, we have developed a novel bioink, blending printable alginate (3% w/v) hydrogels with the soluble and insoluble fractions of the dentin matrix. We have optimized the printing parameters and the concentrations of the individual components of the bioink for print accuracy, cell viability and odontogenic potential...
November 17, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140604/simultaneous-measurements-of-geometric-and-viscoelastic-properties-of-hydrogel-microbeads-using-continuous-flow-microfluidics-with-embedded-electrodes
#2
Ye Niu, Xu Zhang, Ting Si, Yuntian Zhang, Lin Qi, Gang Zhao, Ronald X Xu, Xiaoming He, Yi Zhao
Geometric and mechanical characterizations of hydrogel materials at the microscale are attracting increasing attention due to their importance in tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and drug delivery applications. Contemporary approaches for measuring the these properties of hydrogel microbeads suffer from low-throughput, complex system configuration, and measurement inaccuracy. In this work, a continuous-flow device is developed to measure geometric and viscoelastic properties of hydrogel microbeads by flowing the microbeads through a tapered microchannel with an array of interdigitated microelectrodes patterned underneath the channel...
November 15, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134949/pla-short-sub-micron-fiber-reinforcement-of-3d-bioprinted-alginate-constructs-for-cartilage-regeneration
#3
Alicja Kosik-Kozioł, Marco Costantini, Tomasz Bolek, Krisztina Szöke, Andrea Barbetta, Jan Brinchmann, Wojciech Święszkowski
In this study, we present an innovative strategy to reinforce 3D-printed hydrogel constructs for cartilage tissue engineering by formulating composite bioinks containing alginate and short sub-micron polylactide (PLA) fibers. We demonstrate that Young's modulus obtained for pristine alginate constructs (6.9 ± 1.7 kPa) can be increased threefold (up to 25.1 ± 3.8 kPa) with the addition of PLA short fibers. Furthermore, to assess the performance of such materials in cartilage tissue engineering, we loaded the bioinks with human chondrocytes and cultured in vitro the bioprinted constructs for up to 14 days...
November 14, 2017: Biofabrication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134773/design-and-biological-functionality-of-a-novel-hybrid-ti-6al-4v-hydrogel-system-for-reconstruction-of-bone-defects
#4
Alok Kumar, K C Nune, R D K Misra
We have designed a unique injectable bioactive hydrogel comprising of alginate, gelatin, and nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite and loaded with osteoblasts, with the ability to infiltrate into three-dimensional Ti-6Al-4V scaffolds with interconnected porous architecture, fabricated by electron beam melting (EBM). A two-step crosslinking process using the EDC/NHS and CaCl2 was adopted and found to be effective in the fabrication of cell-loaded hydrogel/Ti-6Al-4V scaffold system. This hybrid Ti-6Al-4V scaffold/hydrogel system was designed for the reconstruction of bone defects, which are difficult to heal in the absence of suitable support materials...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134555/ciprofloxacin-loaded-calcium-alginate-wafers-prepared-by-freeze-drying-technique-for-potential-healing-of-chronic-diabetic-foot-ulcers
#5
Asif Ahmed, Giulia Getti, Joshua Boateng
Calcium alginate (CA) wafer dressings were prepared by lyophilization of hydrogels to deliver ciprofloxacin (CIP) directly to the wound site of infected diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). The dressings were physically characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), texture analysis (for mechanical and in vitro adhesion properties), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Further, functional properties essential for wound healing, i.e., porosity, in vitro swelling index, water absorption (Aw), equilibrium water content (EWC), water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), evaporative water loss (EWL), moisture content, in vitro drug release and kinetics, antimicrobial activity, and cell viability (MTT assay) were investigated...
November 13, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131587/cell-migration-and-bone-formation-from-mesenchymal-stem-cell-spheroids-in-alginate-hydrogels-are-regulated-by-adhesive-ligand-density
#6
Steve S Ho, Andrew T Keown, Bennett Addison, J Kent Leach
The adhesion and migration of cells entrapped in engineered materials is regulated by available adhesive ligands. Although mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) spheroids injected into damaged tissues promote repair, their transplantation in biomaterials which regulate cell migration from the aggregate may further enhance their therapeutic potential. Alginate hydrogels were modified with Arginine-Glycine-Aspartic acid (RGD) at increasing concentrations, and osteogenically induced human MSC spheroids were entrapped to assess cell migration, survival, and differentiation...
November 13, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128539/injectable-nanocomposite-cryogels-for-versatile-protein-drug-delivery
#7
Sandeep T Koshy, David K Y Zhang, Joshua M Grolman, Alexander G Stafford, David J Mooney
Sustained, localized protein delivery can enhance the safety and activity of protein drugs in diverse disease settings. While hydrogel systems are widely studied as vehicles for protein delivery, they often suffer from rapid release of encapsulated cargo, leading to a narrow duration of therapy, and protein cargo can be denatured by incompatibility with the hydrogel crosslinking chemistry. In this work, we describe injectable nanocomposite hydrogels that are capable of sustained, bioactive, release of a variety of encapsulated proteins...
November 8, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119674/assessment-of-hydrogels-for-bioprinting-of-endothelial-cells
#8
Leo Benning, Ludwig Gutzweiler, Kevin Tröndle, Julian Riba, Roland Zengerle, Peter Koltay, Stefan Zimmermann, G Björn Stark, Günter Finkenzeller
In tissue engineering applications, vascularization can be accomplished by co-implantation of tissue forming cells and endothelial cells (ECs), whereby the latter are able to form functional blood vessels. The use of three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technologies has the potential to improve the classical tissue engineering approach because these will allow the generation of scaffolds with high spatial control of endothelial cell allocation. This study focuses on a side by side comparisons of popular commercially available bioprinting hydrogels (matrigel, fibrin, collagen, gelatin, agarose, Pluronic F-127, alginate and alginate/gelatin) in the context of their physicochemical parameters, their swelling/degradation characteristics, their biological effects on vasculogenesis-related EC parameters and their printability...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116743/a-3d-printable-and-mechanically-robust-hydrogel-based-on-alginate-and-graphene-oxide
#9
Sijun Liu, Anil Kumar Bastola, Lin Li
Sodium alginate (SA) was used for the first time to noncovalently functionalize amino-graphene oxide (aGO) to produce the SA-functionalized GO, A-aGO. A-aGO was then filled into a double-network (DN) hydrogel consisting of an alginate network (SA) and a polyacrylamide (PAAm) network. Before UV curing, A-aGO was able to provide the SA/PAAm DN hydrogel with a remarkable thixotropic property, which is desirable for 3D printing. Thus, the A-aGO-filled DN hydrogel could be nicely used as an "ink" of a 3D printer to print complicated 3D structures with a high stackability and high shape fidelity...
November 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111041/the-effect-of-hydration-on-the-material-and-mechanical-properties-of-cellulose-nanocrystal-alginate-composites
#10
Megan Smyth, Marie-Stella M'Bengue, Maxime Terrien, Catherine Picart, Julien Bras, E Johan Foster
Alginate is commonly used in the form of hydrogels in biomedical applications. It is known to be highly sensitive to liquid exposure and can degrade or solubilize easily. This study attempts to improve the mechanical and material properties in various humidity conditions and in liquid immersion of thin alginate films with the addition of unmodified and oxidized cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs, CNC-Ts). CNCs and CNC-Ts were added to alginate composites in varying amounts, and the material and mechanical properties were measured in dry, humid, and liquid conditions...
January 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109925/saccharification-of-citrus-wastes-by-immobilized-polygalacturonase-in-an-improved-alginate-matrix
#11
Yuly A Ramírez-Tapias, Aldana S Lapasset Laumann, Claudia N Britos, Cintia W Rivero, Jorge A Trelles
Enzyme immobilization using hydrogels is a low-cost and effective system for the degradation of bulk pectin derived from orange industry residues. Polygalacturonases obtained from four different bacterial strains of Streptomyces genus were immobilized in alginate gel and assayed for pectin hydrolysis. The enzyme from Streptomyces halstedii ATCC 10897 proved to be superior and more stable within the alginate matrix. Furthermore, a new strategy to improve alginate bead stability using a mixture of calcium and strontium is reported; this technique allowed enhancing the mechanical properties by combining different amounts of these cations for ionotropic gelation...
December 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104215/evaluation-of-pbs-treatment-and-pei-coating-effects-on-surface-morphology-and-cellular-response-of-3d-printed-alginate-scaffolds
#12
María A Mendoza García, Mohammad Izadifar, Xiongbiao Chen
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is an emerging technology for the fabrication of scaffolds to repair/replace damaged tissue/organs in tissue engineering. This paper presents our study on 3D printed alginate scaffolds treated with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) and polyethyleneimine (PEI) coating and their impacts on the surface morphology and cellular response of the printed scaffolds. In our study, sterile alginate was prepared by means of the freeze-drying method and then, used to prepare the hydrogel for 3D printing into calcium chloride, forming 3D scaffolds...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Functional Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103504/overall-size-of-mannuronan-c5-epimerases-influences-their-ability-to-epimerize-modified-alginates-and-alginate-gels
#13
Annalucia Stanisci, Olav A Aarstad, Anne Tøndervik, Håvard Sletta, Lene B Dypås, Gudmund Skjåk-Bræk, Finn L Aachmann
A family of seven mannuronan C5-epimerases (AlgE1-AlgE7) produced by Azotobacter vinelandii is able to convert β-d-mannuronate (M) to its epimer α-l-guluronate (G) in alginates. Even sharing high sequence homology at the amino acid level, they produce distinctive epimerization patterns. The introduction of new G-blocks into the polymer by in vitro epimerization is a strategy to improve the mechanical properties of alginates as biomaterial. However, epimerization is hampered when the substrate is modified or in the gelled state...
January 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103499/multivalent-ion-based-in-situ-gelling-polysaccharide-hydrogel-as-an-injectable-bone-graft
#14
Sun Woo Jung, June-Ho Byun, Se Heang Oh, Tae Ho Kim, Ji-Sung Park, Gyu-Jin Rho, Jin Ho Lee
We prepared in situ gelling alginate (ALG)/hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogels with a controllable gelation rate using CaSO4 as a crosslinking agent and Na2HPO4 as a crosslinking retardation agent. The ALG/HA hydrogels provided sustained release of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) immobilized in the hydrogels over 5 weeks. The BMP-2-immobilized ALG/HA hydrogels with different ALG/HA ratios were investigated for their in vitro osteogenic differentiation behavior of human bone marrow stem cells (hBMSCs) and in vivo bone regeneration behavior using an animal model (mandibular defect model of miniature pigs)...
January 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101016/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-dual-crosslinked-alginate-microbeads
#15
Sami I Somo, Kelly Langert, Chin-Yu Yang, Marcella K Vaicik, Veronica Ibarra, Alyssa A Appel, Banu Akar, Ming-Huei Cheng, Eric M Brey
Alginate hydrogels have been investigated for a broad variety of medical applications. The ability to assemble hydrogels at neutral pH and mild temperatures makes alginate a popular choice for the encapsulation and delivery of cells and proteins. Alginate has been studied extensively for the delivery of islets as a treatment for type 1 diabetes. However, poor stability of the encapsulation systems after implantation remains a challenge. In this paper, alginate was modified with 2-aminoethyl methacrylate hydrochloride (AEMA) to introduce groups that can be photoactivated to generate covalent bonds...
October 31, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076281/human-periodontal-ligament-and-gingiva-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-promote-nerve-regeneration-when-encapsulated-in-alginate-hyaluronic-acid-3d-scaffold
#16
Sahar Ansari, Ivana M Diniz, Chider Chen, Patricia Sarrion, Ali Tamayol, Benjamin M Wu, Alireza Moshaverinia
Repair or regeneration of damaged nerves is still a challenging clinical task in reconstructive surgeries and regenerative medicine. Here, it is demonstrated that periodontal ligament stem cells (PDLSCs) and gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) isolated from adult human periodontal and gingival tissues assume neuronal phenotype in vitro and in vivo via a subcutaneous transplantation model in nude mice. PDLSCs and GMSCs are encapsulated in a 3D scaffold based on alginate and hyaluronic acid hydrogels capable of sustained release of human nerve growth factor (NGF)...
October 27, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075508/effect-of-alginate-concentration-on-chondrogenesis-of-co-cultured-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells-and-nasal-chondrocytes-a-biological-study
#17
Y W Ewa-Choy, B Pingguan-Murphy, N A Abdul-Ghani, J Jahendran, K H Chua
BACKGROUND: The three-dimensional (3D) system is one of the important factors to engineer a biocompatible and functional scaffold for the applications of cell-based therapies for cartilage repair. The 3D alginate hydrogels system has previously been shown to potentially promote chondrogenesis. The chondrocytic differentiation of co-cultured adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) and nasal chondrocytes (NCs) within alginate constructs are hypothesized to be influenced by concentration of alginate hydrogel...
2017: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063422/anisotropic-dehydration-of-hydrogel-surfaces
#18
Georgia Kaklamani, David Cheneler, Liam M Grover, Michael J Adams, Spiros H Anastasiadis, James Bowen
Efforts to develop tissue-engineered skin for regenerative medicine have explored natural, synthetic, and hybrid hydrogels. The creation of a bilayer material, with the stratification exhibited by native skin, is a complex problem. The mechanically robust, waterproof epidermis presents the stratum corneum at the tissue/air interface, which confers many of these protective properties. In this work, we explore the effect of high temperatures on alginate hydrogels, which are widely employed for tissue engineering due to their excellent mechanical properties and cellular compatibility...
October 23, 2017: Progress in biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053719/total-disc-replacement-using-tissue-engineered-intervertebral-discs-in-the-canine-cervical-spine
#19
Yu Moriguchi, Jorge Mojica-Santiago, Peter Grunert, Brenton Pennicooke, Connor Berlin, Thamina Khair, Rodrigo Navarro-Ramirez, Rodolfo J Ricart Arbona, Joseph Nguyen, Roger Härtl, Lawrence J Bonassar
The most common reason that adults in the United States see their physician is lower back or neck pain secondary to degenerative disc disease. To date, approaches to treat degenerative disc disease are confined to purely mechanical devices designed to either eliminate or enable flexibility of the diseased motion segment. Tissue engineered intervertebral discs (TE-IVDs) have been proposed as an alternative approach and have shown promise in replacing native IVD in the rodent tail spine. Here we demonstrate the efficacy of our TE-IVDs in the canine cervical spine...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050618/degradation-regulated-bioactive-hydrogel-as-the-bioink-with-desirable-moldability-for-microfluidic-biofabrication
#20
Xiaolu Liu, Yicong Zuo, Jing Sun, Zhenzhen Guo, Hongsong Fan, Xingdong Zhang
Bioink development is vital in biofabriacation for generating three-dimensional (3D) tissue-like constructs. As potential candidates of bioinks, hydrogels need to meet the requirements of good moldability, initially strong mechanical properties and prominent bioactivity to guarantee cell vitality and further assembly. Enzyme-induced dynamic degradation is an efficient and biocompatible approach to improve the bioactivity of hydrogels through releasing space continuously for cell proliferation and promoting the functional establishing of engineered tissue...
December 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
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