Read by QxMD icon Read

Perceived injustice

Karen Bell
Gender continues to be a relatively marginal issue in environmental justice debates and yet it remains an important aspect of injustice. To help redress the balance, this article explores women's experience of environmental justice through a review of the existing literature and the author's prior qualitative research, as well as her experience of environmental activism. The analysis confirms that women tend to experience inequitable environmental burdens (distributional injustice); and are less likely than men to have control over environmental decisions (procedural injustice), both of which impact on their health (substantive injustice)...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Maria Gouveia-Pereira, Jorge Vala, Isabel Correia
BACKGROUND: Teachers' legitimacy is central to school functioning. Teachers' justice, whether distributive or procedural, predicts teachers' legitimacy. AIMS: What is still do be found, and constitutes the goal of this paper, is whether unjust treatment by a teacher affects the legitimacy of the teacher differently when the student knows that the teacher was fair to a peer (comparative judgement) or when the student does not have that information (autonomous judgement)...
October 15, 2016: British Journal of Educational Psychology
Fabio Margiotta, Ailish Hannigan, Ather Imran, Dominic Colman Harmon
Chronic pain is a public health concern affecting 20% to 30% of the population of Western countries. Psychological risk factors can worsen chronic pain patients. Themes of perceived injustice (PI) and pain catastrophizing are related to poor clinical outcomes. Particularly, perceived injustice has not been assessed systematically in patients at their first presentation in chronic pain clinics in Ireland. This study aims to assess the Injustice Experience Questionnaire (IEQ)'s internal consistency in the Irish population, assess PI in patients attending a chronic pain clinic in Ireland using the IEQ, investigate pain catastrophizing through the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) and its relationship with IEQ scores, and explore their relationships with self-reported Numeric Pain Rating Scale...
October 13, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
Kaitlyn Hornik, Bethany Cutts, Andrew Greenlee
Environmental justice and sustainability are compatible lenses, yet action toward equity is often missing from urban sustainability initiatives. This study aims to assess the cohesion of these frameworks in practice. To do this, we parse individuals' theories of change, or how they identify and propose to resolve environmental injustices in the pursuit of sustainability. We posit that these theories of change are comprised of three main components: (1) perceived environmental benefits and burdens; (2) the causal pathways of environmental and social injustice; and (3) visions for positive change...
September 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Zina Trost, Dimitri Van Ryckeghem, Whitney Scott, Adam Guck, Tine Vervoort
: The current study examined the relationship between perceived injustice and attentional bias (AB) toward pain among individuals with chronic low back pain asked to perform and appraise the pain and difficulty of a standardized set of common physical activities. A pictorial dot-probe task assessed AB toward pain stimuli (ie, pain faces cueing pain), after which participants performed the physical tasks. Participants also rated face stimuli in terms of pain, sadness, and anger expression...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Megan M Miller, Eric L Scott, Zina Trost, Adam T Hirsh
: Chronic pain is prevalent in children/adolescents and contributes to high rates of healthcare utilization. Research suggests injustice perceptions about pain are important in adult patients and a possible treatment focus. We conducted a preliminary evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Injustice Experiences Questionnaire (IEQ) and the relationship between injustice perceptions, pain, and functioning in chronic pain patients (N = 139, mean age = 15 years, 72% female) presenting to a pediatric pain clinic...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Marie-Eve Martel, Frédérick Dionne, Whitney Scott
OBJECTIVE: Perceived injustice has been defined as an appraisal regarding the severity and irreparability of loss associated with pain, blame, and a sense of unfairness. Recent findings suggest that perceived injustice is an important risk factor for elevated disability associated with chronic pain. However, the mechanisms by which this perception leads to disability are not well understood. Therefore, the current study aimed to examine the mediating role of pain acceptance on the relation between perceived injustice and chronic pain outcomes (pain intensity, pain-related disability, and psychological distress)...
August 12, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
Joshua B Grubbs, Julie J Exline
Psychological entitlement is a personality trait characterized by pervasive feelings of deservingness, specialness, and exaggerated expectations. The present review expands upon this understanding by conceptualizing entitlement as a cognitive-personality vulnerability to psychological distress. A review of research is conducted, and a novel, multipart model is described by which entitlement may be seen as such a vulnerability. First, exaggerated expectations, notions of the self as special, and inflated deservingness associated with trait entitlement present the individual with a continual vulnerability to unmet expectations...
August 8, 2016: Psychological Bulletin
Keiko Yamada, Tomonori Adachi, Akira Mibu, Tomohiko Nishigami, Yasushi Motoyama, Hironobu Uematsu, Yoichi Matsuda, Hitoaki Sato, Kenichi Hayashi, Renzhe Cui, Yumiko Takao, Masahiko Shibata, Hiroyasu Iso
OBJECTIVE: The Injustice Experience Questionnaire (IEQ) assesses injury-related perceived injustice. This study aimed to (1) develop a Japanese version (IEQ-J), (2) examine its factor structure, validity, and reliability, and (3) discover which demographic variable(s) positively contributed to prediction of IEQ-J scores. METHODS: Data from 71 patients (33 male, 38 female; age = 20+) with injury pain were employed to investigate factor structure by exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses...
2016: PloS One
Helen J Reid, Clare Thomson, Kieran J McGlade
BACKGROUND: Elearning is ubiquitous in healthcare professions education. Its equivalence to 'traditional' educational delivery methods is well established. There is a research imperative to clarify when and how to use elearning most effectively to mitigate the potential of it becoming merely a 'disruptive technology.' Research has begun to broadly identify challenges encountered by elearning users. In this study, we explore in depth the perceived obstacles to elearning engagement amongst medical students...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Zhou Lulin, Henry Asante Antwi, Wenxin Wang, Ethel Yiranbon, Emmanuel Opoku Marfo, Patrick Acheampong
BACKGROUND: China has become the world's second largest healthcare market based on a recent report by the World Health Organization. Eventhough China achieved universal health insurance coverage in 2011, representing the largest expansion of insurance coverage in human history achieved; health inequality remains endemic in China. Lessons from the effect of market crisis on health equity in Europe and other places has reignited interest in exploring the potential healthcare market aberrations that can trigger distributive injustice in healthcare resource allocation among China's provinces...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Jordan Levine, Michael Muthukrishna, Kai Chan, Terre Satterfield
In this paper, we take a first step towards better integrating social concerns into empirical ecosystem services (ES) work. We do this by adapting cognitive anthropological techniques to study the Clayoquot Sound social-ecological system, on Canada's Pacific coast. There, we used freelisting and ranking exercises to elicit measures of locals' ES values, and preferred food species, analyzing the data with ANTHROPAC. We consider the results in light of an ongoing 'trophic cascade,' caused by the reintroduction and spread of sea otters (Enhydra lutris) along the island's coast...
July 13, 2016: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
Stephanie Agtarap, Whitney Scott, Ann Marie Warren, Zina Trost
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: A recent study by Trost et al. (2015) investigated the influence of perceived injustice-reflecting appraisals of the severity and irreparability of loss following injury, blame, and unfairness-on physical and psychological outcomes in a sample of patients 12 months after sustaining a traumatic injury. This brief report examines the psychometric properties of the Injustice Experiences Questionnaire (IEQ) using the previous sample from Trost et al. (2015) with added trauma patients (total N = 206)...
August 2016: Rehabilitation Psychology
Helen Landmann, Ursula Hess
People often get angry when they perceive an injustice that affects others but not themselves. In two studies, we investigated the elicitation of third-party anger by varying moral violation and others' outcome presented in newspaper articles. We found that anger was highly contingent on the moral violation. Others' outcome, although relevant for compassion, were not significantly relevant for anger (Study 1 and Study 2a) or less relevant for anger than for compassion (Study 2b). This indicates that people can be morally outraged: anger can be elicited by a perceived violation of moral values alone, independent of the harm done...
June 27, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
John A Sturgeon, Junie S Carriere, Ming-Chih J Kao, Thomas Rico, Beth D Darnall, Sean C Mackey
BACKGROUND: Perceptions of pain as unfair are a significant risk factor for poorer physical and psychological outcomes in acute injury and chronic pain. Chief among the negative emotions associated with perceived injustice is anger, arising through frustration of personal goals and unmet expectations regarding others' behavior. However, despite a theoretical connection with anger, the social mediators of perceived injustice have not been demonstrated in chronic pain. PURPOSE: The current study examined two socially based variables and a broader measure of pain interference as mediators of the relationships between perceived injustice and both anger and pain intensity in a sample of 302 patients in a tertiary care pain clinic setting...
June 20, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Francis O Adeola, J Steven Picou
Claims of environmental injustice, human neglect, and racism dominated the popular and academic literature after Hurricane Katrina struck the United States in August 2005. A systematic analysis of environmental injustice from the perspective of the survivors remains scanty or nonexistent. This paper presents, therefore, a systematic empirical analysis of the key determinants of Katrina-induced environmental injustice attitudes among survivors in severely affected parishes (counties) in Louisiana and Mississippi three years into the recovery process...
May 30, 2016: Disasters
Helen Allan, Sue Westwood
Aim To conduct a scoping project to identify perceived barriers to UK nurse registration as experienced by internationally educated nurses working as healthcare assistants in the UK. Method Eleven internationally educated nurses working as healthcare assistants in two London hospitals attended two facilitated focus groups. Qualitative thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. Findings Study participants articulated frustration with UK English language testing requirements and a sense of injustice and unfairness relating to: double standards for nurses educated within and outside of the European Union (EU) and European Economic Area (EEA); and what was perceived, by some, as arbitrary English language testing with unnecessarily high standards...
May 11, 2016: Nursing Standard
Melita J Giummarra, Peter A Cameron, Jennie Ponsford, Liane Ioannou, Stephen J Gibson, Paul A Jennings, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis
Purpose Traumatic injury is a leading cause of work disability. Receiving compensation post-injury has been consistently found to be associated with poorer return to work. This study investigated whether the relationship between receiving compensation and return to work was associated with elevated symptoms of psychological distress (i.e., anxiety, depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder) and perceived injustice. Methods Injured persons, who were employed at the time of injury (n = 364), were recruited from the Victorian State Trauma Registry, and Victorian Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Registry...
May 5, 2016: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
Somayyeh Mohammadi, Maaike J de Boer, Robbert Sanderman, Mariët Hagedoorn
OBJECTIVES: This study hypothesized that higher caregiving demands are related to higher perceived injustice. Furthermore, this study investigated the mediating role of perceived injustice in the link between caregiving demands and caregivers' psychological well-being. DESIGN: A cross-sectional design. SETTING: The Pain Centre of the university medical centre. SUBJECTS: Participants were 184 family caregivers of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
April 28, 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
Todd Lucas, Mark A Lumley, John M Flack, Rhiana Wegner, Jennifer Pierce, Stefan Goetz
OBJECTIVE: According to worldview verification theory, inconsistencies between lived experiences and worldviews are psychologically threatening. These inconsistencies may be key determinants of stress processes that influence cardiovascular health disparities. This preliminary examination considers how experiencing injustice can affect perceived racism and biological stress reactivity among African Americans. Guided by worldview verification theory, it was hypothesized that responses to receiving an unfair outcome would be moderated by fairness of the accompanying decision process, and that this effect would further depend on the consistency of the decision process with preexisting justice beliefs...
April 2016: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"