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Perceived injustice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683712/get-even-and-feel-good-moderating-effects-of-justice-sensitivity-and-counterproductive-work-behavior-on-the-relationship-between-illegitimate-tasks-and-self-esteem
#1
Julia Schulte-Braucks, Anja Baethge, Christian Dormann, Tim Vahle-Hinz
We proposed that effects of illegitimate tasks, which comprise unreasonable and unnecessary tasks, on self-esteem and counterproductive work behavior (CWB) are enhanced among employees who are highly sensitive to injustice. CWB was further proposed to be a moderating coping strategy, which restores justice and buffers the detrimental effects of illegitimate tasks on self-esteem. In this study, 241 employees participated in a diary study over five workdays and a follow-up questionnaire one week later. Daily effects were determined in multilevel analyses: Unreasonable tasks decreased self-esteem and increased CWB the same day, especially among employees high in trait justice sensitivity...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629779/muslim-americans-safety-and-well-being-in-the-wake-of-trump-a-public-health-and-social-justice-crisis
#2
Wahiba Abu-Ras, Zulema E Suárez, Soleman Abu-Bader
This study examined the perceived impact of religious discrimination and Islamophobia on Muslim Americans' well-being during the 2016 United States presidential election campaign. Data were collected from a national sample of 1,130 Muslim Americans. Perceived religious discrimination (PRD) was measured using the Perceived Religious Discrimination Scale. Results of canonical correlation analysis showed that perceived Islamophobia was associated with safety (β = .45, p < .001), level of stress (β = -.25, p < ...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614388/who-are-the-european-youths-willing-to-engage-in-radicalisation-a-multidisciplinary-review-of-their-psychological-and-social-profiles
#3
Nicolas Campelo, Alice Oppetit, Françoise Neau, David Cohen, Guillaume Bronsard
BACKGROUND: A new model of radicalisation has appeared in Western countries since the 2010s. Radical groups are smaller, less hierarchical and are mainly composed of young, homegrown individuals. The aim of this review is to decipher the profiles of the European adolescents and young adults who have embraced the cause of radical Islamism and to define the role of psychiatry in dealing with this issue. METHODS: We performed a systematic search in several databases from January 2010 to July 2017 and reviewed the relevant studies that included European adolescents and/or young adults and presented empirical data...
March 31, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502021/the-construction-of-feelings-of-justice-in-environmental-management-an-empirical-study-of-multiple-biodiversity-conflicts-in-calakmul-mexico
#4
Lou Lecuyer, Rehema M White, Birgit Schmook, Violaine Lemay, Sophie Calmé
A failure to address social concerns in biodiversity conservation can lead to feelings of injustice among some actors, and hence jeopardize conservation goals. The complex socio-cultural and political context of the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, Mexico, has historically led to multiple biodiversity conflicts. Our goal, in this case study, was to explore perceptions of justice held by local actors in relation to biodiversity conflicts. We then aimed to determine the following: 1) people's definitions of their feelings of justice; 2) the criteria used in this assessment; 3) variability in the criteria influencing them; and 4) implications for environmental management in the region and beyond...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485535/the-impact-of-perceived-injustice-on-pain-related-outcomes-a-combined-model-examining-the-mediating-roles-of-pain-acceptance-and-anger-in-a-chronic-pain-sample
#5
Junie S Carriere, John Andrew Sturgeon, Esther Yakobov, Ming-Chih Kao, Sean C Mackey, Beth D Darnall
OBJECTIVE: Perceived injustice has been identified as an important risk factor for pain-related outcomes. To date, research has shown that pain acceptance and anger are mediators of the association between perceived injustice and pain-related outcomes. However, a combined conceptual model that addresses the interrelationships between these variables is currently lacking. Therefore, the current study aimed to examine the potential mediating roles of pain acceptance and anger on the association between perceived injustice and adverse pain-related outcomes (physical function, pain intensity, opioid use status)...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451429/perceived-injustice-in-chronic-pain-an-examination-through-the-lens-of-predictive-processing
#6
Daniel A Bissell, Maisa S Ziadni, John A Sturgeon
Chronic pain conditions have been shown to be exacerbated by psychological factors, and a better understanding of these factors can inform clinical practice and improve the efficacy of interventions. The current paper investigates perceived injustice, a novel psychosocial construct, within a framework influenced by the tenets of predictive processing. The proposed conceptual model derived from tenets of predictive processing yields a single hierarchical self-reconfiguring system driven by prediction, which accounts for a wide range of human experiences such as perception, behavior, learning and emotion...
March 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318699/-it-breaks-your-soul-an-in-depth-exploration-of-workplace-injustice-in-nursing
#7
Natalie Skinner, Paul Van Dijk, Christina Stothard, Erich C Fein
AIM(S): To understand nurses' experiences of injustice in the workplace and to identify the impact of injustice on well-being. BACKGROUND: Little is known about how nurses view injustice or its effects on their well-being, although research indicates that such perceptions are central to workplace practices such as performance management and outcomes such as employee well-being. METHOD(S): A qualitative study was conducted with semi-structured interviews for nurses employed in Australian public hospitals...
March 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294794/perceived-group-threat-perceived-injustice-and-self-reported-right-wing-violence-an-integrative-approach-to-the-explanation-right-wing-violence
#8
Lieven J R Pauwels, Ben Heylen
The present study aims at explaining individual differences in self-reported political violence. We integrate key concepts from the field of criminology that are conceptually related to social identity theory (Flemish identity, feelings of group superiority, and ethnocentrism) and the dual process model on prejudice (perceived injustice, perception of threat, and right-wing authoritarianism). In our model, social identity concepts are hypothesized to play a mediating role between mechanisms derived from the dual process model and political violence...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281603/shedding-light-on-governance-for-roma-health-inequities
#9
Marta Escobar-Ballesta, Manuel García-Ramírez, Daniela Miranda, Roumyana Petrova-Benedict
The health inequities suffered by the Roma population in Europe represent an alarming and unacceptable source of injustice. As the main ethnic minority in Europe, the gap between the health conditions of the Roma and the rest of the population poses a challenge to human rights and public health. Many political efforts have been deployed in Europe to tackle these inequities. However, they have fallen short, even causing paradoxical consequences. In this paper, we argue that previous political efforts have failed because they were developed from a neoliberal perspective, which perceives Roma health inequities as isolated ethnic problems for which there is no political accountability...
January 2018: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239280/perceived-injustice-and-its-correlates-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#10
Grant L Iverson, Douglas P Terry, Justin E Karr, William J Panenka, Noah D Silverberg
Perceived injustice is a belief that one has been treated unfairly and disrespectfully, and is suffering unnecessarily as a result of another person's actions. Perceived injustice predicts chronic disability after musculoskeletal injury but to our knowledge has not been empirically studied in people with mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs). We examined perceived injustice and its correlates in patients who were slow to recover from mTBI. Patients (n = 102) were recruited from four concussion clinics. The sample was on average 41...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168678/what-critical-ethical-values-guide-strategic-planning-processes-in-health-care-organizations
#11
Matthew Kucmanic, Amy R Sheon
This case explores a fictitious hospital's use of co-creation to make a decision about redesign of inpatient units as a first step in incorporating stakeholder input into creation of governing policies. We apply a "procedural fairness" framework to reveal that conditions required for an ethical decision about space redesign were not met by using clinician and patient focus groups to obtain stakeholder input. In this article, we identify epistemic injustices resulting from this process that could undermine confidence in leadership decisions...
November 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143561/beyond-lip-service-towards-human-rights-driven-guidelines-for-south-african-speech-language-pathologists
#12
Michelle Pascoe, Daleen Klop, Thandeka Mdlalo, Mikateko Ndhambi
Developed with a strong awareness of past injustices, South Africa's progressive constitution emphasises a full spectrum of human rights. While the constitution celebrates many languages and cultures, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) face challenges in translating these values into practice with a diverse clientele. Similarly, Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights focuses on freedom of expression in one's language of choice, but is often perceived as a "Cinderella" right (i.e...
February 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142758/ethnic-differences-in-patients-perceptions-towards-isolated-orthopedic-injuries-a-pilot-study
#13
Boris A Zelle, Gurpreet Singh, Deanna L Kitchen, Roberto J Fajardo, Mohit Bhandari, Melissa A Valerio
Background: Patients' perceptions of their healthcare have been reported to influence clinical outcomes following orthopedic trauma. Findings across clinical outcomes have demonstrated significant differences in perceptions towards healthcare between Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites. However, ethnic disparities in perceptions towards orthopedic injuries have not been examined in the literature. Aim of study: The aim of this pilot study is to explore whether Hispanic patients with isolated orthopedic injuries will demonstrate different perceptions towards their injury as compared to non-Hispanic white patients...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094954/procedural-justice-legitimacy-beliefs-and-moral-disengagement-in-emerging-adulthood-explaining-continuity-and-desistance-in-the-moral-model-of-criminal-lifestyle-development
#14
Glenn D Walters
Research has shown that procedural justice reliably predicts future offending behavior, although there is some indication that this may be more a function of legitimacy beliefs than of procedural justice per se. The current study sought to explain continuity and desistance in the moral model of criminal lifestyle development by comparing legitimacy beliefs, procedural justice, and moral disengagement as initiators and mediators of pathways leading to early adult offending. It was hypothesized that low legitimacy beliefs but not perceived procedural (in)justice or moral disengagement would initiate, and that moral disengagement but not low legitimacy beliefs or procedural injustice would mediate, the effect of low legitimacy beliefs on subsequent offending behavior...
February 2018: Law and Human Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074199/pain-catastrophizing-perceived-injustice-and-pain-intensity-impair-life-satisfaction-through-differential-patterns-of-physical-and-psychological-disruption
#15
John A Sturgeon, Maisa S Ziadni, Zina Trost, Beth D Darnall, Sean C Mackey
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous research has highlighted the importance of cognitive appraisal processes in determining the nature and effectiveness of coping with chronic pain. Two of the key variables implicated in appraisal of pain are catastrophizing and perceived injustice, which exacerbate the severity of pain-related distress and increase the risk of long-term disability through maladaptive behavioural responses. However, to date, the influences of these phenomena have not been examined concurrently, nor have they been related specifically to quality of life measures, such as life satisfaction...
October 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982828/associations-between-compensable-injury-perceived-fault-and-pain-and-disability-1-year-after-injury-a-registry-based-australian-cohort-study
#16
Melita J Giummarra, Katharine S Baker, Liane Ioannou, Stella M Gwini, Stephen J Gibson, Carolyn A Arnold, Jennie Ponsford, Peter Cameron
OBJECTIVES: Compensable injury increases the likelihood of having persistent pain after injury. Three-quarters of patients report chronic pain after traumatic injury, which is disabling for about one-third of patients. It is important to understand why these patients report disabling pain, in order to develop targeted preventative interventions. This study examined the experience of pain and disability, and investigated their sequential interrelationships with, catastrophising, kinesiophobia and self-efficacy 1 year after compensable and non-compensable injury...
October 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978298/predicting-support-for-reconciliation-in-separatist-conflict
#17
Ali Mashuri, Esther van Leeuwen
The current research examined two fundamental motives that could lie at the root of separatist groups' desire to be independent from the nonseparatist majority: the need to maintain the own subgroup identity and the need to preserve power vis-à-vis the majority. These motives were examined in two studies through surveys among samples of indigenous people in West Papua ( N = 201 and N = 248), where separatist movements are actively striving for secession from the Republic of Indonesia. As expected, identity threat increased perceptions of injustice in both studies, whereas power threat increased the need for subgroup empowerment...
February 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971074/perceived-distributive-injustice-the-key-factor-in-nurse-s-disruptive-behaviors-a-qualitative-study
#18
Mahboobeh Afzali, Jamileh Mokhtari Nouri, Abbas Ebadi, Seyyed Mohamad Khademolhoseyni, Nahid Rejeh
Introduction: Disruptive behaviors are one of the most topics affecting the wellbeing of organizations, therefore, it has become a significant research area. The purpose of this study was to determine experiences and perceptions of nurses who were involved in disruptive behaviors. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted by using a conventional content analysis. The data was obtained through 15 unstructured and in-depth interviews with nurses in six hospitals of Tehran city, Iran. A purposive sampling method was used...
September 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877144/reductions-in-perceived-injustice-are-associated-with-reductions-in-disability-and-depressive-symptoms-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Esther Yakobov, Whitney Scott, William Stanish, Michael Tanzer, Michael Dunbar, Glen Richardson, Michael Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Perceptions of injustice have been associated with problematic recovery outcomes in individuals suffering from a wide range of debilitating pain conditions. It has been suggested that, in patients with chronic pain, perceptions of injustice might arise in response to experiences characterized by illness-related pain severity, depressive symptoms, and disability. If symptoms severity and disability are important contributors to perceived injustice, it follows that interventions that yield reductions in symptom severity and disability should also contribute to reductions in perceptions of injustice...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791492/perceived-police-injustice-moral-disengagement-and-aggression-among-juvenile-offenders-utilizing-the-general-strain-theory-model
#20
Tamika C B Zapolski, Devin E Banks, Katherine S L Lau, Matthew C Aalsma
Although many juvenile offenders report experiencing police injustice, few studies have examined how this source of strain may impact youths' behavioral outcomes, including risk for future recidivism. This study begins to address that gap in the literature. We applied the general strain theory as our theoretical framework to examine the interactive effect of perceived police injustice and moral disengagement on juvenile aggressive behavior. Our sample included 95 juvenile offenders who completed questionnaires on measures of perceived police injustice and moral disengagement...
April 2018: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
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