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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328697/the-fear-avoidance-components-scale-facs-responsiveness-to-functional-restoration-treatment-in-a-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-disorder-cmpd-population
#1
Randy Neblett, Tom G Mayer, Mark J Williams, Sali Asih, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Meredith M Hartzell, Robert J Gatchel
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical validity and factor structure of the Fear-Avoidance Components Scale (FACS), a new fear-avoidance (FA) measure. METHODS: In this study, 426 chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder (CMPD) patients were admitted to a functional restoration program (FRP). They were categorized into five FACS severity levels, from Subclinical to Extreme, at admission, and again at discharge. Associations with objective lifting performance and other patient-reported psychosocial measures were determined at admission and discharge, and objective work outcomes for this predominantly disabled cohort, were assessed one-year later...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320253/exploring-the-lived-experience-of-homelessness-from-an-occupational-perspective
#2
Miranda Jane Cunningham, Anita Slade
Working in homelessness is a growing area of practice for occupational therapists, however, there is limited literature on the lived experiences of homelessness and occupational engagement Study aim: To explore the lived experience of homeless men in relation to how they engaged in day-to-day occupations when sleeping rough or hostel dwelling Methods: Data were gathered from five men residing in a homeless hostel in the UK. Data collection included semi-structured interviews and photographic diaries. Data were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Results: Participants described their experiences of occupational engagement whilst sleeping on the streets which included engaging in survival occupations, the significance of apparently ordinary occupations and moving beyond survival occupations...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303075/epistemic-injustice-and-illness
#3
Ian James Kidd, Havi Carel
This article analyses the phenomenon of epistemic injustice within contemporary healthcare. We begin by detailing the persistent complaints patients make about their testimonial frustration and hermeneutical marginalization, and the negative impact this has on their care. We offer an epistemic analysis of this problem using Miranda Fricker's account of epistemic injustice. We detail two types of epistemic injustice, testimonial and hermeneutical, and identify the negative stereotypes and structural features of modern healthcare practices that generate them...
February 2017: Journal of Applied Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295980/mental-health-status-and-its-predictors-among-call-center-employees-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Hyunjin Oh, Heyeon Park, Sunjoo Boo
In this study, we assessed the mental health of Korean call center employees and investigated the potential predictors of their mental health status. A cross-sectional study using self-completing questionnaire was conducted for employees working for a credit card call center. A total of 306 call center employees completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale, the Emotion Labor Scale, and the Korean Occupational Stress Scale. The results showed that more than half of the participants reported high levels of depression, anxiety, and stress...
March 15, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274244/where-is-students-research-in-evidence-informed-decision-making-in-health-assessing-productivity-and-use-of-postgraduate-students-research-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#5
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Investing in research that is not accessible or used is a waste of resources and an injustice to human subject participants. Post-graduate students' research in institutions of higher learning involves considerable time, effort and money, warranting evaluation of the return on investment. Although individual studies addressing research productivity of post-graduate students are available, a synthesis of these results in low-income settings has not been undertaken. Our first aim is to identify the types of approaches that increase productivity and those that increase the application of medical post-graduate students' research and to assess their effectiveness...
March 9, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271845/syndemics-and-the-biosocial-conception-of-health
#6
REVIEW
Merrill Singer, Nicola Bulled, Bayla Ostrach, Emily Mendenhall
The syndemics model of health focuses on the biosocial complex, which consists of interacting, co-present, or sequential diseases and the social and environmental factors that promote and enhance the negative effects of disease interaction. This emergent approach to health conception and clinical practice reconfigures conventional historical understanding of diseases as distinct entities in nature, separate from other diseases and independent of the social contexts in which they are found. Rather, all of these factors tend to interact synergistically in various and consequential ways, having a substantial impact on the health of individuals and whole populations...
March 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259213/movement-advocacy-personal-relationships-and-ending-health-care-disparities
#7
Marshall H Chin
Deep-rooted structural problems drive health care disparities. Compounding the difficulty of attaining health equity, solutions in clinics and hospitals require the cooperation of clinicians, administrators, patients, and the community. Recent protests over police brutality and racism on campuses across America have opened fresh wounds over how best to end racism, with lessons for achieving health equity. Movement advocacy, the mobilizing of the people to raise awareness of an injustice and to advocate for reform, can break down ingrained structural barriers and policies that impede health equity...
April 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244891/maternal-mortality-and-injustice-a-closer-look
#8
Cheryl M Patton
The incidence of maternal mortality rates (MMRs) is grossly higher in developing countries than in wealthier regions. Multiple factors are involved in the MMR. Much of the attention to lower deaths was given to biomedical causes. However, socioeconomic, healthcare availability, and cultural issues often impede a woman's chance of healthy maternal outcomes. Most maternal deaths are preventable. This article discusses the injustices that occur as a result of global maternal health disparities, and highlights organizations that are working to end preventable maternal deaths...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231439/the-rights-of-drug-treatment-patients-experience-of-addiction-treatment-in-poland-from-a-human-rights-perspective
#9
Justyna Klingemann
BACKGROUND: Drug dependence is a recognized medical condition and therefore, right to health applies in the same way to drug dependence as it does to any other health condition. The human rights in patient care framework - which refers to the application of basic human rights principles in the delivery of health care services - was used to explore the experiences of equality in the dignity and rights protected by Polish law within four different specialist drug treatment settings in Poland...
February 20, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225699/what-is-the-relevance-of-procedural-fairness-to-making-determinations-about-medical-evidence
#10
Govind Persad
Approaches relying on fair procedures rather than substantive principles have been proposed for answering dilemmas in medical ethics and health policy. These dilemmas generally involve two questions: the epistemological (factual) question of which benefits an intervention will have, and the ethical (value) question of how to distribute those benefits. This article focuses on the potential of fair procedures to help address epistemological and factual questions in medicine, using the debate over antidepressant efficacy as a test case...
February 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191650/theorizing-critical-placemaking-as-a-tool-for-reclaiming-public-space
#11
Erin E Toolis
As economic inequality and segregation continue to grow in the U.S., psychology has an important role to play in exploring and promoting processes that can disrupt social injustice. This paper identifies the privatization of public space as a social problem that contributes to the entrenchment of social, economic, and racial inequality, and advances "critical placemaking" as a tool for reclaiming public space for public use. Drawing from key concepts in environmental psychology, narrative psychology, and community psychology, the proposed framework seeks to theorize the processes by which placemaking may contribute to transforming community narratives and building more inclusive, participatory, and democratic communities...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188054/exposure-to-air-pollutants-during-commuting-in-london-are-there-inequalities-among-different-socio-economic-groups
#12
Ioar Rivas, Prashant Kumar, Alex Hagen-Zanker
People with low income often experience higher exposures to air pollutants. We compared the exposure to particulate matter (PM1, PM2.5 and PM10), Black Carbon (BC) and ultrafine particles (PNCs; 0.02-1μm) for typical commutes by car, bus and underground from 4 London areas with different levels of income deprivation (G1 to G4, from most to least deprived). The highest BC and PM concentrations were found in G1 while the highest PNC in G3. Lowest concentrations for all pollutants were observed in G2. We found no systematic relationship between income deprivation and pollutant concentrations, suggesting that differences between transport modes are a stronger influence...
April 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187841/what-does-it-mean-to-be-a-global-citizen
#13
Sandra K Cesario
Becoming aware of global trends and issues is the first step in understanding one's position and role within a larger global context, thereby aiding in the development of an individual's global identity. Gaining an understanding and appreciation of the interconnectedness of our world as well as respecting and valuing existing diversity provide a foundation that enables us to challenge injustice and take action in personally meaningful ways. Nursing is a profession that is found in every country and has the inherent ability to bridge cultures through the delivery of universally accessible health care...
February 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184321/epistemic-injustice-or-safety-first
#14
Manhal M Zarroug, Dieneke Hubbeling, Robert Bertram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176299/loss-of-institutional-trust-among-racial-and-ethnic-minority-adolescents-a-consequence-of-procedural-injustice-and-a-cause-of-life-span-outcomes
#15
David S Yeager, Valerie Purdie-Vaughns, Sophia Yang Hooper, Geoffrey L Cohen
This research tested a social-developmental process model of trust discernment. From sixth to eighth grade, White and African American students were surveyed twice yearly (ages 11-14; Study 1, N = 277). African American students were more aware of racial bias in school disciplinary decisions, and as this awareness grew it predicted a loss of trust in school, leading to a large trust gap in seventh grade. Loss of trust by spring of seventh grade predicted African Americans' subsequent discipline infractions and 4-year college enrollment...
February 8, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165687/science-reinforcing-mission-how-can-our-communities-move-ahead-after-ferguson
#16
Fred Rottnek
During Jesus' healing ministry, he addressed the diseases of his day, particularly the conditions that ostracized people, such as demon possession, paralysis, hemorrhage and blindness. This healing ministry is much of our focus in Catholic health care, as it should be. But Jesus addressed the deeper stories that surrounded the people he healed. He challenged his listeners to recognize the role they played in creating their own narrative of disease and their communities' norms in responding to illness. He did not shy away from separating the afflicted person's illness from moral failings or character weakness...
July 2016: Health Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162751/-500-injustice-perceptions-predict-future-functioning-in-children-with-chronic-pain
#17
M Miller, E Scott, Z Trost, A Hirsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162741/-489-an-examination-of-the-roles-of-perceived-injustice-and-pain-acceptance-on-pain-interference-and-pain-intensity-in-patients-with-chronic-pain-a-collaborative-health-outcomes-information-registry-choir-study
#18
J Carriere, B Darnall, M Kao, S Mackey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162695/-448-perceived-injustice-pain-behavior-and-opioid-prescriptions-a-vicious-circle-a-collaborative-health-outcomes-information-registry-choir-study
#19
J Carriere, B Darnall, M Sullivan, M Kao, S Mackey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162457/-227-perceived-injustice-explains-pain-intensity-over-and-above-attentional-bias
#20
T Bell, Z Trost, D van Ryckeghem, W Scott, A Guck, T Vervoort
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
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