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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526013/human-biomonitoring-from-an-environmental-justice-perspective-supporting-study-participation-of-women-of-turkish-and-moroccan-descent
#1
Bert Morrens, Elly Den Hond, Greet Schoeters, Dries Coertjens, Ann Colles, Tim S Nawrot, Willy Baeyens, Stefaan De Henauw, Vera Nelen, Ilse Loots
BACKGROUND: Environmental justice research shows how socially disadvantaged groups are more exposed and more vulnerable to environmental pollution. At the same time, these groups are less represented and, thus, less visible in biomedical studies. This socioeconomic participation bias is a form of environmental injustice within research practice itself. METHODS: We designed, implemented and evaluated a targeted recruitment strategy to enhance the participation of socially disadvantaged pregnant women in a human biomonitoring study in Belgium...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513345/borderline-personality-disorder-features-and-sensitivity-to-injustice
#2
Stefanie Lis, Anna Schaedler, Lisa Liebke, Sophie Hauschild, Janine Thome, Christian Schmahl, Dagmar Stahlberg, Niko Kleindienst, Martin Bohus
Hypersensitivity to injustice has been proposed to contribute to interpersonal dysfunction in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We investigated whether BPD features are related to sensitivity to injustice and whether justice sensitivity mediates the relationship between BPD features and aggressive behavior. In an online survey, subjects reported justice sensitivity from the perspective of a victim, an observer, a beneficiary, and a perpetrator, as well as BPD features and their own aggressive behavior...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511029/conceptualizing-ethnicity-in-alcohol-and-drug-research-epidemiology-meets-social-theory
#3
Geoffrey Hunt, Torsten Kolind, Tamar Antin
Since the 1990s, social scientists have rejected notions of ethnicity as something static and discrete, instead highlighting the context-dependent and fluid nature of multiple identities. In spite of these developments, researchers within the substance use fields continue to assess ethnic group categories in ways that suggest little critical reflection in terms of the validity of the measurements themselves, nor the social, bureaucratic, and political decisions shaping standard measures of ethnicity. This paper highlights these considerations, while also acknowledging the role of socially-delineated ethnic categorizations in documenting health inequities and social injustices...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506436/silence-defunding-new-infections-social-injustice-and-death
#4
EDITORIAL
Michael V Relf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493479/expectancies-mediate-the-relationship-between-perceived-injustice-and-return-to-work-following-whiplash-injury-a-1-year-prospective-study
#5
J S Carriere, P Thibault, H Adams, M Milioto, B Ditto, M J L Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that perceived injustice is a risk factor for work disability in individuals with whiplash injury. At present, however, little is known about the processes by which perceived injustice impacts on return to work. The purpose of this study was to examine whether expectancies mediated the relationship between perceived injustice and return to work in patients with whiplash injury. METHOD: One hundred and fifty-two individuals (81 men, 71 women) with a primary diagnosis of whiplash injury completed self-report measures of pain intensity, perceived injustice and return-to-work expectancies following admission to a rehabilitation programme...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492011/the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly-of-medication-coverage-is-altering-a-diagnosis-to-ensure-medication-coverage-ethical
#6
Gillian Weston, Marti J Rothe, Barry D Kels, Jane M Grant-Kels
Recently, a patient presented to the dermatology clinic suffering from disabling, recurrent palmoplantar vesicles and pustules. Biopsy demonstrated nondiagnostic histologic findings without unequivocal evidence for psoriasis. The localized rash was recalcitrant to a host of standard therapies. An anti-tumor necrosis factor biologic was considered, and experience suggested that this expensive medication would only be approved for coverage if a diagnosis was submitted for a Food and Drug Administration-approved indication as psoriasis...
June 2016: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489412/brief-review-of-fluid-reasoning-conceptualization-neurobasis-and-applications
#7
Tulio M Otero
In the early part of the twentieth century the value of nonverbal tests was initially recognized by Yoakum and Yerkes when they wrote how examinees could fail a verbal test of general ability because of limited skills in English. When these examinees were then tested with a nonverbal test of ability, they often performed well, and therefore this approach avoided "injustice by reason of relative unfamiliarity with English." Measuring cognitive ability with nonverbal measures that do not require verbal skills has been supported now for nearly a century...
May 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467206/photovoice-and-youth-empowerment-in-environmental-justice-research-a-pilot-study-examining-woodsmoke-pollution-in-a-pacific-northwest-community
#8
Mattie B Brickle, Robin Evans-Agnew
Woodsmoke pollution is an environmental justice issue for youth living in certain Pacific Northwest cities. Participatory methods such as Citizen Science and Photovoice are effective ways to involve youth in environmental justice research. Little is understood about how youth may be empowered to address woodsmoke issues in their communities. We examined youth empowerment in a citizen science study on woodsmoke, using Photovoice methodology. Ten diverse youth collected and analyzed indoor air samples and photos, then presented their findings to the community and policy makers...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466467/are-there-ethical-differences-between-stopping-and-not-starting-blood-safety-measures
#9
K Kramer, M F Verweij, H L Zaaijer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Concern with the costs of blood safety is growing, which raises the question whether safety measures that reduce risk only marginally should be discontinued. Withdrawing such safety measures would allow reallocating resources to more efficient health care interventions, but it might raise moral objections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study evaluates two ethical arguments why discontinuing blood safety measures would be more objectionable than not implementing them...
May 2, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459009/bioethics-a-brief-review
#10
Jharna Mandal, Dinoop Korol Ponnambath, Subhash Chandra Parija
Medical and life sciences research is a key driver in development, which leads to better quality of life. These pursuits can lead to discrimination, human rights violation, and injustice. The field of bioethics explores the ethical issues arising due to these advances in research and encompasses social, judicial, and environmental aspects affecting human beings. This brief review discusses the origin of bioethics, its principles, various international organizations, and their network involved in the development and propagation of guidelines on conducting biomedical research...
January 2017: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453117/-learning-about-social-determinants-of-health-through-chronicles-using-a-virtual-learning-environment
#11
Sonia Restrepo-Palacio, Jairo Amaya-Guio
Objective: To describe the contributions of a pedagogical strategy based on the construction of chronicles, using a Virtual Learning Environment for training medical students from Universidad de La Sabana on social determinants of health. Methodology: Descriptive study with a qualitative approach. Design and implementation of a Virtual Learning Environment based on the ADDIE instructional model. Results: A Virtual Learning Environment was implemented with an instructional design based on the five phases of the ADDIE model, on the grounds of meaningful learning and social constructivism, and through the narration of chronicles or life stories as a pedagogical strategy...
September 2016: Revista de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440999/-epistemic-injustice-during-the-medical-education-process-in-the-hospital-context
#12
Carolina Consejo-Y Chapela, Carlos Alfonso Viesca-Treviño
BACKGROUND: The educational model adopted by the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) Faculty of Medicine is constructivist; it is a model based on competence development. It aims to provide learning environments that incorporate real activities (it helps the students to develop social negotiation skills, as part of their integral learning; it encourages them to take a critical and reflexive approach; and it is also a student-centered model). However, many challenges arise when this model is implemented in the context of hospital environments...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430793/identifying-a-combined-construct-of-grief-and-explosive-anger-as-a-response-to-injustice-amongst-survivors-of-mass-conflict-a-latent-class-analysis-of-data-from-timor-leste
#13
Susan J Rees, Alvin Kuowei Tay, Elisa Savio, Zelia Maria Da Costa, Derrick Silove
Previous studies have identified high rates of explosive anger amongst post-conflict populations including Timor-Leste. We sought to test whether explosive anger was integrally associated with symptoms of grief amongst the Timorese, a society that has experienced extensive conflict-related losses. In 2010 and 2011 we recruited adults (n = 2964), 18-years and older, living in an urban and a rural village in Timor-Leste. We applied latent class analysis to identify subpopulations based on symptoms of explosive anger and grief...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422638/resource-seeking-as-occupation-a-critical-and-empirical-exploration
#14
Rebecca M Aldrich, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Virginia A Dickie
Occupational therapists and occupational scientists are committed to generating and using knowledge about occupation, but Western middle-class social norms regarding particular ways of doing have limited explorations of survival occupations. This article provides empirical evidence of the ways in which resource seeking constitutes an occupational response to situations of uncertain survival. Resource seeking includes a range of activities outside formal employment that aim to meet basic needs. On the basis of findings from 2 ethnographic studies, we critique the presumption of survival in guiding occupational therapy documents and the accompanying failure to recognize occupations that seem at odds with self-sufficiency...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419529/critical-discourse-analysis-of-social-justice-in-nursing-s-foundational-documents
#15
Claire P Valderama-Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Social inequities threaten the health of the global population. A superficial acknowledgement of social justice by nursing's foundational documents may limit the degree to which nurses view injustice as relevant to nursing practice and education. The purpose was to examine conceptualizations of social justice and connections to broader contexts in the most recent editions. DESIGN: Critical discourse analysis examines and uncovers dynamics related to power, language, and inequality within the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics, Scope and Standards of Practice, and Social Policy Statement...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403844/health-and-legal-literacy-for-migrants-twinned-strands-woven-in-the-cloth-of-social-justice-and-the-human-right-to-health-care
#16
Bilkis Vissandjée, Wendy E Short, Karine Bates
BACKGROUND: Based on an analysis of published literature, this paper provides an over-view of the challenges associated with delivering on the right to access quality health care for international migrants to industrialized countries, and asks which group of professionals is best equipped to provide services that increase health and legal literacy. Both rights and challenges are approached from a social justice perspective with the aim of identifying opportunities to promote greater health equity...
April 13, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400962/epistemic-injustice-in-psychiatry
#17
EDITORIAL
Paul Crichton, Havi Carel, Ian James Kidd
It has been argued that those who suffer from medical conditions are more vulnerable to epistemic injustice (a harm done to a person in their capacity as an epistemic subject) than healthy people. This editorial claims that people with mental disorders are even more vulnerable to epistemic injustice than those with somatic illnesses. Two kinds of contributory factors are outlined, global and specific. Some suggestions are made to counteract the effects of these factors, for instance, we suggest that physicians should participate in groups where the subjective experience of patients is explored, and learn to become more aware of their own unconscious prejudices towards psychiatric patients...
April 2017: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395037/moral-panic-and-social-justice-a-guide-for-analyzing-social-problems
#18
Michael H Eversman, Jason D P Bird
Professional social work has long been concerned with social justice, social policy, and the relationship between social treatment and social control. However, at times, potential threats to social cohesion become exaggerated in the service of supporting suppressive policies. British sociologist Stanley Cohen referred to such periods as moral panics, which assign unwarranted blame and stigma to sociopolitically weaker, unpopular groups. By constructing those associated with a given social problem as deviant and downplaying underlying structural causes, moral panics foster the enactment of social policies that entrench social disparity and injustice...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395036/a-just-sense-of-well-being-social-work-s-unifying-purpose-in-action
#19
Elizabeth King Keenan, Christine Limone, Silvia L Sandoval
For over a century the social work profession has had a dual purpose, to promote both human well-being and social justice, but we have not found research that explores how social workers understand and work toward both purposes across multiple practice roles and settings. Authors of this article conducted qualitative research to examine how 18 social workers in various roles and settings understand and implement both purposes in their practice. Instead of a dual purpose, participants described a unifying purpose: a "just sense of well-being" that transcends role and setting...
January 1, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379933/communities-social-justice-and-academic-health-centers
#20
Philip M Alberti, Karey M Sutton, Lisa A Cooper, Wendy G Lane, Stacey Stephens, Michelle A Gourdine
In November 2015, the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) held its annual meeting in Baltimore, Maryland. In response both to health and health care inequities faced by residents of Baltimore and to the imminent trial of the police officers charged with Freddie Gray's death, AAMC leaders thought it crucial to address issues of health inequity, social injustice, and the role an academic health center (AHC) can play in improving the health of the community it serves. In collaboration with community-engaged researchers from Johns Hopkins University and University of Maryland, Baltimore, AAMC staff interviewed Baltimore residents, soliciting their perspectives on how medical education, clinical care, and research can and should respond to social injustice and the social determinants of health...
April 4, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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