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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791492/perceived-police-injustice-moral-disengagement-and-aggression-among-juvenile-offenders-utilizing-the-general-strain-theory-model
#1
Tamika C B Zapolski, Devin E Banks, Katherine S L Lau, Matthew C Aalsma
Although many juvenile offenders report experiencing police injustice, few studies have examined how this source of strain may impact youths' behavioral outcomes, including risk for future recidivism. This study begins to address that gap in the literature. We applied the general strain theory as our theoretical framework to examine the interactive effect of perceived police injustice and moral disengagement on juvenile aggressive behavior. Our sample included 95 juvenile offenders who completed questionnaires on measures of perceived police injustice and moral disengagement...
August 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768125/perpetuating-biases-and-injustice-toward-preterm-infants
#2
Marlyse Haward, Mark Mercurio, Annie Janvier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761383/on-the-dynamics-of-disobedience-experimental-investigations-of-defying-unjust-authority
#3
Piero Bocchiaro, Philip Zimbardo
Across six Experimental conditions with university student participants (N=600), we examined some of the dynamics underlying expressed defiance to unjust authority. Results revealed disobedience was best enacted by participants low in right-wing authoritarianism and was more likely to occur when: 1) in physical proximity of other rebels, 2) the authority made two demanding requests instead of one, and 3) there had been an earlier opposition to injustice. Results are discussed within the theoretical framework of bounded rationality...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758025/pursuing-ethical-coherence-in-the-prevention-of-vertical-transmission-of-hiv-justice-and-injustice-in-option-b
#4
EDITORIAL
Nathan Hodson, Susan Bewley
Improved prevention of vertical transmission of HIV is an essential part of the global response to HIV. The Option B+ strategy took the extraordinary step of treating many non-pregnant women living with HIV (those with CD4 cell counts >350 cells/mm(3)) in the absence of evidence that they themselves would benefit from ART. This example of so-called AIDS exceptionalism reflects an understanding that the global response to HIV demands a different set of morals. This philosophical article explores a retrospective analysis of the ethical arguments made in support of Option B+ incorporating utilitarian, feminist and equity-based frameworks...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741743/indoor-air-problems-and-experiences-of-injustice-in-the-workplace-a-quantitative-and-a-qualitative-study
#5
Eerika Finell, Tuija Seppälä
This paper explores subjective injustice experiences of individuals suffering from suspected or observed indoor air problems in their workplaces in two studies. We focus on injustice experiences because they influence how individuals cope with and recover from health problems. The first study reports associations between the perceived harmfulness of the indoor environment (i.e., mould/inadequate ventilation) and subjective injustice experiences in workplaces in a representative sample of Finnish working-aged people (N = 4633)...
July 25, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737355/-the-silent-disappearance-of-padhue-doctors-the-end-of-a-state-injustice-or-a-new-form-of-exclusion
#6
Alice Desclaux
Up until recently in France, physicians who obtained their degrees outside the European Union had a specifically disadvantaged status, that was supposed to be eliminated by the end of 2016. Until that date, a selective qualification process authorized foreign physicians to “full practice”. The deadline has been postponed to 2017 to resolve the complicated situations of certain doctors and to avoid tensions in hospital wards. These developments raise questions about the working conditions and motivations for migration of foreign medical doctors, particularly African doctors, who participate in the French healthcare system, and the obstacles to their integration...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701854/is-linguistic-injustice-a-myth-a-response-to-hyland-2016
#7
Stephen Politzer-Ahles, Jeffrey J Holliday, Teresa Girolamo, Maria Spychalska, Kelly Harper Berkson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: J Second Lang Writ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685947/drawing-on-antiracist-approaches-toward-a-critical-antidiscriminatory-pedagogy-for-nursing
#8
Amélie Blanchet Garneau, Annette J Browne, Colleen Varcoe
Although nursing has a unique contribution to advancing social justice in health care practices and education, and although social justice has been claimed as a core value of nursing, there is little guidance regarding how to enact social justice in nursing practice and education. In this paper, we propose a critical antidiscriminatory pedagogy (CADP) for nursing as a promising path in this direction. We argue that because discrimination is inherent to the production and maintenance of inequities and injustices, adopting a CADP offers opportunities for students and practicing nurses to develop their capacity to counteract racism and other forms of individual and systemic discrimination in health care, and thus promote social justice...
July 7, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660322/associations-between-organizational-injustice-and-work-ability-self-reported-disability-days-and-medical-consultations-cross-sectional-findings-from-employees-with-prior-sickness-absence-payments
#9
Katja Spanier, Elke Peters, Elliot Michel, Friedrich Michael Radoschewski, Matthias Bethge
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to identify associations between organizational injustice and work ability, disability days, and consultations with general practitioners. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of persons previously receiving sickness absence benefits were used for analyses. Organizational injustice was assessed using a German version of the "organizational justice questionnaire". Dependent variables were the Work Ability Index, self-reported disability days, and consultations with general practitioners...
June 28, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635547/-healthcare-seems-to-vary-a-lot-a-focus-group-study-among-parents-of-children-with-severe-allergy
#10
Birgitta Lagercrantz, Åsa Persson, Inger Kull
BACKGROUND: Living with an allergic disease has consequences for both affected children and their families. The aim of this qualitative study was to gain deeper knowledge of what life is like for families of children with severe allergic disease, in order to improve care and thereby reduce the consequences of living with a chronic disease. METHODS: Four focus group interviews were performed with Swedish parents of children, aged 6-11 and 12-16 years, with severe allergic disease (from one or more allergic conditions, such as food allergy/eczema/hay fever/asthma)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627155/-environmental-justice-in-the-epidemiological-surveillance-system-of-residents-in-italian-national-priority-contaminated-sites-sentieri-project
#11
Roberto Pasetto, Nicolás Zengarini, Nicola Caranci, Marco De Santis, Fabrizio Minichilli, Michele Santoro, Roberta Pirastu, Pietro Comba
OBJECTIVES: descriptive evaluation of distributional justice in the epidemiological surveillance system of populations residing in Italian National priority Contaminated Sites (NPCSs) of SENTIERI project. Analysis of the feasibility of monitoring different Environmental Justice dimensions in SENTIERI. DESIGN: descriptive study and ecological meta-analysis. SETTING AN PARTICIPANTS: residents in 298 municipalities included in 44 NPCSs in SENTIERI. Description of their level of deprivation and mortality analysis by deprivation level in the first period evaluated in SENTIERI, years 1995-2002...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619860/motherhood-and-apple-pie-a-uk-perspective-on-mothers-who-misuse-drugs
#12
Gwen M J Adshead
In this commentary, I explore two questions raised by Angelotta and Appelbaum's study. First, I offer an English legal perspective on the protection of children from their mothers, looking at both civil (family) and criminal law. Second, I discuss the idealization of motherhood that is implied by the prosecution of pregnant women; the denigration of those who fail this ideal; and the way that idealization and denigration contribute to injustice for women. I conclude by offering comments on the implications for those assessing women accused of harming their unborn child...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616255/global-health-governance-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-is-it-grounded-in-the-right-to-health
#13
Remco Van de Pas, Peter S Hill, Rachel Hammonds, Gorik Ooms, Lisa Forman, Attiya Waris, Claire E Brolan, Martin McKee, Devi Sridhar
This paper explores the extent to which global health governance - in the context of the early implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals is grounded in the right to health. The essential components of the right to health in relation to global health are unpacked. Four essential functions of the global health system are assessed from a normative, rights-based, analysis on how each of these governance functions should operate. These essential functions are: the production of global public goods, the management of externalities across countries, the mobilization of global solidarity, and stewardship...
January 2017: Global Chall
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582459/traumatic-injury-and-perceived-injustice-fault-attributions-matter-in-a-no-fault-compensation-state
#14
Liane J Ioannou, Peter A Cameron, Stephen J Gibson, Belinda J Gabbe, Jennie Ponsford, Paul A Jennings, Carolyn A Arnold, Stella M Gwini, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Melita J Giummarra
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury can lead to loss, suffering and feelings of injustice. Previous research has shown that perceived injustice is associated with poorer physical and mental wellbeing in persons with chronic pain. This study aimed to identify the relative association between injury, compensation and pain-related characteristics and perceived injustice 12-months after traumatic injury. METHODS: 433 participants were recruited from the Victorian Orthopedic Trauma Outcomes Registry and Victorian State Trauma Registry, and completed questionnaires at 12-14 months after injury as part of an observational cohort study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578153/racial-injustice-and-family-planning-an-open-letter-to-our-community
#15
Biftu Mengesha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561181/-the-load-of-injustice-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-subjectively-perceived-income-injustice-on-the-risk-of-stress-associated-diseases-based-on-the-german-socio-economic-panel-study
#16
Claudia Boscher, Laura Arnold, Andreas Lange, Bertram Szagun
Background Income injustice is regarded as a psychosocial strain and associated with an increased risk of stress-related diseases. The physiological stress response is thereby considered as a central link. The aim of the study is to reveal the influence of subjectively perceived income injustice on stress-associated diseases, taking into consideration the load duration. Method Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, data on 5,657 workers in the survey years 2005-2013 were analyzed. The dependent variable reflect the doctor's diagnosed new cases of diabetes, asthma, cardiopathy, stroke, hypertension and depression in the years 2009-2013 as an index...
May 30, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555664/the-association-between-injustice-perception-and-psychological-outcomes-in-an-inpatient-spinal-cord-injury-sample-the-mediating-effects-of-anger
#17
Z Trost, W Scott, M T Buelow, L Nowlin, B Turan, A Boals, K R Monden
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design involving completion of self-report measures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between perceived injustice, post-traumatic stress symptoms and depression in a sample of individuals receiving inpatient rehabilitation care following hospitalization for acute spinal cord injury (SCI), as well as the mediating role of anger variables. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation program in a large urban city in the Southwestern United States...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554161/asian-americans-and-disproportionate-exposure-to-carcinogenic-hazardous-air-pollutants-a-national-study
#18
Sara E Grineski, Timothy W Collins, Danielle X Morales
Studies have demonstrated disparate exposures to carcinogenic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) in neighborhoods with high densities of Black and Hispanic residents in the US. Asians are the fastest growing racial/ethnic group in the US, yet they have been underemphasized in previous studies of environmental health and injustice. This cross-sectional study investigated possible disparities in residential exposure to carcinogenic HAPs among Asian Americans, including Asian American subgroups in the US (including all 50 states and the District of Columbia, n = 71,208 US census tracts) using National Air Toxics Assessment and US Census data...
July 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535792/caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-mental-health-of-migrant-live-in-caregivers-in-canada
#19
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
BACKGROUND: Canada depends on Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs), also known as migrant workers, to fill labour shortage in agriculture, hospitality, construction, child/senior care, and other low-skilled occupations. Evidence shows that TFWs, especially women live-in caregivers (LC), constitute a vulnerable population. Their health is compromised by the precarious and harsh working and living conditions they encounter. There is a paucity of research on the mental health of LCs, their support systems and access to mental health services...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526013/human-biomonitoring-from-an-environmental-justice-perspective-supporting-study-participation-of-women-of-turkish-and-moroccan-descent
#20
Bert Morrens, Elly Den Hond, Greet Schoeters, Dries Coertjens, Ann Colles, Tim S Nawrot, Willy Baeyens, Stefaan De Henauw, Vera Nelen, Ilse Loots
BACKGROUND: Environmental justice research shows how socially disadvantaged groups are more exposed and more vulnerable to environmental pollution. At the same time, these groups are less represented and, thus, less visible in biomedical studies. This socioeconomic participation bias is a form of environmental injustice within research practice itself. METHODS: We designed, implemented and evaluated a targeted recruitment strategy to enhance the participation of socially disadvantaged pregnant women in a human biomonitoring study in Belgium...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
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