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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757091/striving-for-liminality-eating-disorders-and-social-suffering
#1
Karin Eli
In this article, I argue that eating disorders constitute a form of social suffering, in which sufferers embody liminality as a response to, and a reflection of, oppressive sociality, structural violence, and institutional constraints. Based on the illness narratives of people with anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and their subclinical variants in Israel, the analysis draws the experiential, the social, and the structural into critical focus. These narratives, which delineate lived experiences of self-starving, bingeing, and purging, and the attendant viscerality of hunger, fullness, and emptiness, reveal how participants developed an embodied drawing inward and away, being at once within and without society for extended periods of time, through eating disordered practices...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741210/language-barriers-and-epistemic-injustice-in-healthcare-settings
#2
Yael Peled
Contemporary realities of global population movement increasingly bring to the fore the challenge of quality and equitable health provision across language barriers. While this linguistic challenge is not unique to immigration contexts and is likewise shared by health systems responding to the needs of aboriginal peoples and other historical linguistic minorities, the expanding multilingual landscape of receiving societies renders this challenge even more critical, owing to limited or even non-existing familiarity of modern and often monolingual health systems with the particular needs of new linguistic minorities...
May 9, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728293/premature-mortality-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-new-evidence-from-linked-primary-care-data
#3
Ann John, Joanna McGregor, Ian Jones, Sze Chim Lee, James T R Walters, Michael J Owen, Michael O'Donovan, Marcos DelPozo-Banos, Damon Berridge, Keith Lloyd
Studies assessing premature mortality in people with severe mental illness (SMI) are usually based in one setting, hospital (secondary care inpatients and/or outpatients) or community (primary care). This may lead to ascertainment bias. This study aimed to estimate standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) for all-cause and cause-specific mortality in people with SMI drawn from linked primary and secondary care populations compared to the general population. SMRs were calculated using the indirect method for a United Kingdom population of almost four million between 2004 and 2013...
April 26, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725725/-environmental-justice-as-an-approach-to-tackle-environmental-health-inequalities
#4
REVIEW
Gabriele Bolte, Christiane Bunge, Claudia Hornberg, Heike Köckler
Current international studies show that environment-related diseases disproportionately affect vulnerable people. This is a case of environmental injustice. Environmental justice goes beyond the mere description of environment- and health-related social inequalities by comprising two dimensions of justice as a normative approach: distributional and procedural justice. Attempts to explain the link between social circumstances, the environment and health deal with both the socially unequal distribution of environmental hazards and environmental resources (exposure variation) and social differences in vulnerability to the health effects of environmental exposures (effect modification)...
May 3, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724120/critical-dialogical-approach-a-methodological-direction-for-occupation-based-social-transformative-work
#5
Lisette Farias, Debbie Laliberte Rudman, Nick Pollard, Sandra Schiller, Ana Paula Serrata Malfitano, Kerry Thomas, Hanneke van Bruggen
BACKGROUND: Calls for embracing the potential and responsibility of occupational therapy to address socio-political conditions that perpetuate occupational injustices have materialized in the literature. However, to reach beyond traditional frameworks informing practices, this social agenda requires the incorporation of diverse epistemological and methodological approaches to support action commensurate with social transformative goals. AIM: Our intent is to present a methodological approach that can help extend the ways of thinking or frameworks used in occupational therapy and science to support the ongoing development of practices with and for individuals and collectives affected by marginalizing conditions...
May 3, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723423/is-bad-intent-negligible-linking-victim-justice-sensitivity-hostile-attribution-bias-and-aggression
#6
Rebecca Bondü
The hostile attribution bias (HAB) is a well-established risk factor for aggression. It is considered part of the suspicious mindset that may cause highly victim-justice sensitive individuals to behave uncooperatively. Thus, links of victim justice sensitivity (JS) with negative behavior, such as aggression, may be better explained by HAB. The present study tested this hypothesis in N = 279 German adolescents who rated their JS, HAB, and physical, relational, verbal, reactive, and proactive aggression. Victim JS predicted physical, relational, verbal, reactive, and proactive aggression when HAB was controlled...
May 3, 2018: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717082/aetna-and-68-ga-dotatate-a-sequel-to-the-injustice-of-being-judged-by-the-errors-of-others
#7
EDITORIAL
Johannes Czernin, Francesco Ceci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683712/get-even-and-feel-good-moderating-effects-of-justice-sensitivity-and-counterproductive-work-behavior-on-the-relationship-between-illegitimate-tasks-and-self-esteem
#8
Julia Schulte-Braucks, Anja Baethge, Christian Dormann, Tim Vahle-Hinz
We proposed that effects of illegitimate tasks, which comprise unreasonable and unnecessary tasks, on self-esteem and counterproductive work behavior (CWB) are enhanced among employees who are highly sensitive to injustice. CWB was further proposed to be a moderating coping strategy, which restores justice and buffers the detrimental effects of illegitimate tasks on self-esteem. In this study, 241 employees participated in a diary study over five workdays and a follow-up questionnaire one week later. Daily effects were determined in multilevel analyses: Unreasonable tasks decreased self-esteem and increased CWB the same day, especially among employees high in trait justice sensitivity...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682765/white-privilege-what-s-a-family-therapist-to-do
#9
Gene Combs
Privilege is the freedom to ignore things that other people are forced to confront; dramatic things like being gunned down by a vigilante on the way home from a convenience store or less urban and visible things like having to live on secluded parcels of land that no one else wants. Most family therapists enjoy the freedom not to experience such events. Many of the people who come to us for help don't have that freedom. My intent here is to increase felt awareness of the injustice of institutional racism and to suggest some actions that White family therapists can take to bring forth a more just society in terms of education, housing, access to wealth, and basic safety...
April 22, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659347/social-justice-at-the-core-of-breastfeeding-protection-promotion-and-support-a-conceptualization
#10
Paige Hall Smith
Despite widespread awareness of the health benefits for both mothers and babies we are far from achieving universal breastfeeding. Breastfeeding rates globally are lower than recommended levels and there are concerns that some global breastfeeding efforts have stalled (1, 2). In addition, we see persistent disparities in breastfeeding rates by race, ethnicity, class and status (3). A growing literature documents how a range of injustices, including gender inequality (7), racism (8), poverty (9), and violence (10, 11) shape whether, how exclusive, and for how long mothers and others will be able to breastfeed or feed their infants human milk...
May 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659180/envisioning-democracy-participatory-filmmaking-with-homeless-youth
#11
Jacqueline Kennelly
This paper explores the democratic potential for participatory filmmaking with homeless youth, as well as the constraints and dilemmas associated with this visual method. Theorizing democracy through the work of Hannah Arendt and Pierre Bourdieu, the paper approaches democracy not as an end, but rather as a process that seeks to lessen social injustice. Bourdieu's work helps us appreciate, however, that this process is constrained by structures of inequality that shape access to the political dispositions that enable such engagement...
April 16, 2018: Canadian Review of Sociology, Revue Canadienne de Sociologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644562/exacerbating-inequalities-health-policy-and-the-behavioural-sciences
#12
Kathryn MacKay, Muireann Quigley
There have been calls for some time for a new approach to public health in the United Kingdom and beyond. This is consequent on the recognition and acceptance that health problems often have a complex and multi-faceted aetiology. At the same time, policies which utilise insights from research in behavioural economics and psychology ('behavioural science') have gained prominence on the political agenda. The relationship between the social determinants of health (SDoH) and behavioural science in health policy has not hitherto been explored...
April 11, 2018: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629779/muslim-americans-safety-and-well-being-in-the-wake-of-trump-a-public-health-and-social-justice-crisis
#13
Wahiba Abu-Ras, Zulema E Suárez, Soleman Abu-Bader
This study examined the perceived impact of religious discrimination and Islamophobia on Muslim Americans' well-being during the 2016 United States presidential election campaign. Data were collected from a national sample of 1,130 Muslim Americans. Perceived religious discrimination (PRD) was measured using the Perceived Religious Discrimination Scale. Results of canonical correlation analysis showed that perceived Islamophobia was associated with safety (β = .45, p < .001), level of stress (β = -.25, p < ...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614388/who-are-the-european-youths-willing-to-engage-in-radicalisation-a-multidisciplinary-review-of-their-psychological-and-social-profiles
#14
Nicolas Campelo, Alice Oppetit, Françoise Neau, David Cohen, Guillaume Bronsard
BACKGROUND: A new model of radicalisation has appeared in Western countries since the 2010s. Radical groups are smaller, less hierarchical and are mainly composed of young, homegrown individuals. The aim of this review is to decipher the profiles of the European adolescents and young adults who have embraced the cause of radical Islamism and to define the role of psychiatry in dealing with this issue. METHODS: We performed a systematic search in several databases from January 2010 to July 2017 and reviewed the relevant studies that included European adolescents and/or young adults and presented empirical data...
March 31, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599658/sensory-disruption-in-modern-living-and-the-emergence-of-sensory-inequities
#15
REVIEW
Kara C Hoover
Modern lifestyles are disrupting the human senses-primarily sight, sound, and smell. Noise-induced hearing loss has been noted for centuries and increasing over time following the industrial era. From the mid-20th century, the numbers of individuals with myopia (the leading visual impairment) have been increasing globally. Historical evidence for olfactory dysfunction is not known but its etiological links to pollution suggest it increased following industrialization. Clinical interventions for sight and sound loss include preventative and corrective measures but none exist for olfactory dysfunction...
March 2018: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29576674/the-park-is-ruining-our-livelihoods-we-support-the-park-unravelling-the-paradox-of-attitudes-to-protected-areas
#16
Adrian Martin, Rodd Myers, Neil M Dawson
Despite considerable field-based innovation and academic scrutiny, the nexus between conservation approaches, local support for parks and park effectiveness remains quite puzzling. Common approaches to understanding notions of environmental justice are to understand distributional and procedural issues, representation in decision making, and recognition of authorities and claims. We took a different approach and analysed environmental justice claims through institutional, ideational and psychological lenses...
2018: Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570508/implications-of-parent-and-child-injustice-appraisals-for-child-pain-and-functional-outcomes
#17
Joanna L McParland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565671/disproportionate-sterilization-of-latinos-under-california-s-eugenic-sterilization-program-1920-1945
#18
Nicole L Novak, Natalie Lira, Kate E O'Connor, Siobán D Harlow, Sharon L R Kardia, Alexandra Minna Stern
OBJECTIVES: To compare population-based sterilization rates between Latinas/os and non-Latinas/os sterilized under California's eugenics law. METHODS: We used data from 17 362 forms recommending institutionalized patients for sterilization between 1920 and 1945. We abstracted patient gender, age, and institution of residence into a data set. We extracted data on institution populations from US Census microdata from 1920, 1930, and 1940 and interpolated between census years...
March 22, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564262/comparing-depressive-symptoms-in-teenage-boys-and-girls
#19
Mahnaz Fallahi Khesht-Masjedi, Somayeh Shokrgozar, Elahe Abdollahi, Mahbuobe Golshahi, Zahra Sharif-Ghaziani
Introduction: Symptoms of depression vary between the males and females. Depressed men show behaviors such as irritability, restlessness, difficulty in concentrating, and instead of the usual behaviors. Sleep disturbance is a common symptom in depressed men. Men are less likely to go to doctors and unconsciously show other behaviors such as anger instead of the sadness. It seems that considering depression as "feminine" is a great injustice toward male patients whom their illness will not be diagnosed nor treated...
October 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561815/challenges-and-opportunities-for-tribal-waters-addressing-disparities-in-safe-public-drinking-water-on-the-crow-reservation-in-montana-usa
#20
John T Doyle, Larry Kindness, James Realbird, Margaret J Eggers, Anne K Camper
Disparities in access to safe public drinking water are increasingly being recognized as contributing to health disparities and environmental injustice for vulnerable communities in the United States. As the Co-Directors of the Apsaálooke Water and Wastewater Authority (AWWWA) for the Crow Tribe, with our academic partners, we present here the multiple and complex challenges we have addressed in improving and maintaining tribal water and wastewater infrastructure, including the identification of diverse funding sources for infrastructure construction, the need for many kinds of specialized expertise and long-term stability of project personnel, ratepayer difficulty in paying for services, an ongoing legacy of inadequate infrastructure planning, and lack of water quality research capacity...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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