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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635547/-healthcare-seems-to-vary-a-lot-a-focus-group-study-among-parents-of-children-with-severe-allergy
#1
Birgitta Lagercrantz, Åsa Persson, Inger Kull
BACKGROUND: Living with an allergic disease has consequences for both affected children and their families. The aim of this qualitative study was to gain deeper knowledge of what life is like for families of children with severe allergic disease, in order to improve care and thereby reduce the consequences of living with a chronic disease. METHODS: Four focus group interviews were performed with Swedish parents of children, aged 6-11 and 12-16 years, with severe allergic disease (from one or more allergic conditions, such as food allergy/eczema/hay fever/asthma)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627155/-environmental-justice-in-the-epidemiological-surveillance-system-of-residents-in-italian-national-priority-contaminated-sites-sentieri-project
#2
Roberto Pasetto, Nicolás Zengarini, Nicola Caranci, Marco De Santis, Fabrizio Minichilli, Michele Santoro, Roberta Pirastu, Pietro Comba
OBJECTIVES: descriptive evaluation of distributional justice in the epidemiological surveillance system of populations residing in Italian National priority Contaminated Sites (NPCSs) of SENTIERI project. Analysis of the feasibility of monitoring different Environmental Justice dimensions in SENTIERI. DESIGN: descriptive study and ecological meta-analysis. SETTING AN PARTICIPANTS: residents in 298 municipalities included in 44 NPCSs in SENTIERI. Description of their level of deprivation and mortality analysis by deprivation level in the first period evaluated in SENTIERI, years 1995-2002...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619860/motherhood-and-apple-pie-a-uk-perspective-on-mothers-who-misuse-drugs
#3
Gwen M J Adshead
In this commentary, I explore two questions raised by Angelotta and Appelbaum's study. First, I offer an English legal perspective on the protection of children from their mothers, looking at both civil (family) and criminal law. Second, I discuss the idealization of motherhood that is implied by the prosecution of pregnant women; the denigration of those who fail this ideal; and the way that idealization and denigration contribute to injustice for women. I conclude by offering comments on the implications for those assessing women accused of harming their unborn child...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616255/global-health-governance-in-the-sustainable-development-goals-is-it-grounded-in-the-right-to-health
#4
Remco Van de Pas, Peter S Hill, Rachel Hammonds, Gorik Ooms, Lisa Forman, Attiya Waris, Claire E Brolan, Martin McKee, Devi Sridhar
This paper explores the extent to which global health governance - in the context of the early implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals is grounded in the right to health. The essential components of the right to health in relation to global health are unpacked. Four essential functions of the global health system are assessed from a normative, rights-based, analysis on how each of these governance functions should operate. These essential functions are: the production of global public goods, the management of externalities across countries, the mobilization of global solidarity, and stewardship...
January 2017: Global Chall
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582459/traumatic-injury-and-perceived-injustice-fault-attributions-matter-in-a-no-fault-compensation-state
#5
Liane J Ioannou, Peter A Cameron, Stephen J Gibson, Belinda J Gabbe, Jennie Ponsford, Paul A Jennings, Carolyn A Arnold, Stella M Gwini, Nellie Georgiou-Karistianis, Melita J Giummarra
BACKGROUND: Traumatic injury can lead to loss, suffering and feelings of injustice. Previous research has shown that perceived injustice is associated with poorer physical and mental wellbeing in persons with chronic pain. This study aimed to identify the relative association between injury, compensation and pain-related characteristics and perceived injustice 12-months after traumatic injury. METHODS: 433 participants were recruited from the Victorian Orthopedic Trauma Outcomes Registry and Victorian State Trauma Registry, and completed questionnaires at 12-14 months after injury as part of an observational cohort study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578153/racial-injustice-and-family-planning-an-open-letter-to-our-community
#6
Biftu Mengesha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561181/-the-load-of-injustice-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-the-impact-of-subjectively-perceived-income-injustice-on-the-risk-of-stress-associated-diseases-based-on-the-german-socio-economic-panel-study
#7
Claudia Boscher, Laura Arnold, Andreas Lange, Bertram Szagun
Background Income injustice is regarded as a psychosocial strain and associated with an increased risk of stress-related diseases. The physiological stress response is thereby considered as a central link. The aim of the study is to reveal the influence of subjectively perceived income injustice on stress-associated diseases, taking into consideration the load duration. Method Based on the German Socio-Economic Panel Study, data on 5,657 workers in the survey years 2005-2013 were analyzed. The dependent variable reflect the doctor's diagnosed new cases of diabetes, asthma, cardiopathy, stroke, hypertension and depression in the years 2009-2013 as an index...
May 30, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555664/the-association-between-injustice-perception-and-psychological-outcomes-in-an-inpatient-spinal-cord-injury-sample-the-mediating-effects-of-anger
#8
Z Trost, W Scott, M T Buelow, L Nowlin, B Turan, A Boals, K R Monden
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study design involving completion of self-report measures. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between perceived injustice, post-traumatic stress symptoms and depression in a sample of individuals receiving inpatient rehabilitation care following hospitalization for acute spinal cord injury (SCI), as well as the mediating role of anger variables. SETTING: Inpatient rehabilitation program in a large urban city in the Southwestern United States...
May 30, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554161/asian-americans-and-disproportionate-exposure-to-carcinogenic-hazardous-air-pollutants-a-national-study
#9
Sara E Grineski, Timothy W Collins, Danielle X Morales
Studies have demonstrated disparate exposures to carcinogenic hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) in neighborhoods with high densities of Black and Hispanic residents in the US. Asians are the fastest growing racial/ethnic group in the US, yet they have been underemphasized in previous studies of environmental health and injustice. This cross-sectional study investigated possible disparities in residential exposure to carcinogenic HAPs among Asian Americans, including Asian American subgroups in the US (including all 50 states and the District of Columbia, n = 71,208 US census tracts) using National Air Toxics Assessment and US Census data...
May 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535792/caught-between-a-rock-and-a-hard-place-mental-health-of-migrant-live-in-caregivers-in-canada
#10
Mandana Vahabi, Josephine Pui-Hing Wong
BACKGROUND: Canada depends on Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs), also known as migrant workers, to fill labour shortage in agriculture, hospitality, construction, child/senior care, and other low-skilled occupations. Evidence shows that TFWs, especially women live-in caregivers (LC), constitute a vulnerable population. Their health is compromised by the precarious and harsh working and living conditions they encounter. There is a paucity of research on the mental health of LCs, their support systems and access to mental health services...
May 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526013/human-biomonitoring-from-an-environmental-justice-perspective-supporting-study-participation-of-women-of-turkish-and-moroccan-descent
#11
Bert Morrens, Elly Den Hond, Greet Schoeters, Dries Coertjens, Ann Colles, Tim S Nawrot, Willy Baeyens, Stefaan De Henauw, Vera Nelen, Ilse Loots
BACKGROUND: Environmental justice research shows how socially disadvantaged groups are more exposed and more vulnerable to environmental pollution. At the same time, these groups are less represented and, thus, less visible in biomedical studies. This socioeconomic participation bias is a form of environmental injustice within research practice itself. METHODS: We designed, implemented and evaluated a targeted recruitment strategy to enhance the participation of socially disadvantaged pregnant women in a human biomonitoring study in Belgium...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513345/borderline-personality-disorder-features-and-sensitivity-to-injustice
#12
Stefanie Lis, Anna Schaedler, Lisa Liebke, Sophie Hauschild, Janine Thome, Christian Schmahl, Dagmar Stahlberg, Niko Kleindienst, Martin Bohus
Hypersensitivity to injustice has been proposed to contribute to interpersonal dysfunction in borderline personality disorder (BPD). We investigated whether BPD features are related to sensitivity to injustice and whether justice sensitivity mediates the relationship between BPD features and aggressive behavior. In an online survey, subjects reported justice sensitivity from the perspective of a victim, an observer, a beneficiary, and a perpetrator, as well as BPD features and their own aggressive behavior...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511029/conceptualizing-ethnicity-in-alcohol-and-drug-research-epidemiology-meets-social-theory
#13
Geoffrey Hunt, Torsten Kolind, Tamar Antin
Since the 1990s, social scientists have rejected notions of ethnicity as something static and discrete, instead highlighting the context-dependent and fluid nature of multiple identities. In spite of these developments, researchers within the substance use fields continue to assess ethnic group categories in ways that suggest little critical reflection in terms of the validity of the measurements themselves, nor the social, bureaucratic, and political decisions shaping standard measures of ethnicity. This paper highlights these considerations, while also acknowledging the role of socially-delineated ethnic categorizations in documenting health inequities and social injustices...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506436/silence-defunding-new-infections-social-injustice-and-death
#14
EDITORIAL
Michael V Relf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493479/expectancies-mediate-the-relationship-between-perceived-injustice-and-return-to-work-following-whiplash-injury-a-1-year-prospective-study
#15
J S Carriere, P Thibault, H Adams, M Milioto, B Ditto, M J L Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests that perceived injustice is a risk factor for work disability in individuals with whiplash injury. At present, however, little is known about the processes by which perceived injustice impacts on return to work. The purpose of this study was to examine whether expectancies mediated the relationship between perceived injustice and return to work in patients with whiplash injury. METHOD: One hundred and fifty-two individuals (81 men, 71 women) with a primary diagnosis of whiplash injury completed self-report measures of pain intensity, perceived injustice and return-to-work expectancies following admission to a rehabilitation programme...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492011/the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly-of-medication-coverage-is-altering-a-diagnosis-to-ensure-medication-coverage-ethical
#16
Gillian Weston, Marti J Rothe, Barry D Kels, Jane M Grant-Kels
Recently, a patient presented to the dermatology clinic suffering from disabling, recurrent palmoplantar vesicles and pustules. Biopsy demonstrated nondiagnostic histologic findings without unequivocal evidence for psoriasis. The localized rash was recalcitrant to a host of standard therapies. An anti-tumor necrosis factor biologic was considered, and experience suggested that this expensive medication would only be approved for coverage if a diagnosis was submitted for a Food and Drug Administration-approved indication as psoriasis...
June 2016: International Journal of Women's Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489412/brief-review-of-fluid-reasoning-conceptualization-neurobasis-and-applications
#17
Tulio M Otero
In the early part of the twentieth century the value of nonverbal tests was initially recognized by Yoakum and Yerkes when they wrote how examinees could fail a verbal test of general ability because of limited skills in English. When these examinees were then tested with a nonverbal test of ability, they often performed well, and therefore this approach avoided "injustice by reason of relative unfamiliarity with English." Measuring cognitive ability with nonverbal measures that do not require verbal skills has been supported now for nearly a century...
July 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467206/photovoice-and-youth-empowerment-in-environmental-justice-research-a-pilot-study-examining-woodsmoke-pollution-in-a-pacific-northwest-community
#18
Mattie B Brickle, Robin Evans-Agnew
Woodsmoke pollution is an environmental justice issue for youth living in certain Pacific Northwest cities. Participatory methods such as Citizen Science and Photovoice are effective ways to involve youth in environmental justice research. Little is understood about how youth may be empowered to address woodsmoke issues in their communities. We examined youth empowerment in a citizen science study on woodsmoke, using Photovoice methodology. Ten diverse youth collected and analyzed indoor air samples and photos, then presented their findings to the community and policy makers...
April 2017: Journal of Community Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466467/are-there-ethical-differences-between-stopping-and-not-starting-blood-safety-measures
#19
K Kramer, M F Verweij, H L Zaaijer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Concern with the costs of blood safety is growing, which raises the question whether safety measures that reduce risk only marginally should be discontinued. Withdrawing such safety measures would allow reallocating resources to more efficient health care interventions, but it might raise moral objections. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study evaluates two ethical arguments why discontinuing blood safety measures would be more objectionable than not implementing them...
May 2, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459009/bioethics-a-brief-review
#20
Jharna Mandal, Dinoop Korol Ponnambath, Subhash Chandra Parija
Medical and life sciences research is a key driver in development, which leads to better quality of life. These pursuits can lead to discrimination, human rights violation, and injustice. The field of bioethics explores the ethical issues arising due to these advances in research and encompasses social, judicial, and environmental aspects affecting human beings. This brief review discusses the origin of bioethics, its principles, various international organizations, and their network involved in the development and propagation of guidelines on conducting biomedical research...
January 2017: Tropical Parasitology
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