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Iodine dressing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859922/cadexomer-iodine-provides-superior-efficacy-against-bacterial-wound-biofilms-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#1
Daniel J Fitzgerald, Paul J Renick, Emma C Forrest, Shannon P Tetens, David N Earnest, Jillian McMillan, Brett M Kiedaisch, Lei Shi, Eric D Roche
Examination of clinical samples indicates bacterial biofilms are present in the majority of chronic wounds, and substantial evidence suggests biofilms contribute significantly to delayed healing. Bacteria in biofilms are highly tolerant of antimicrobials, and little data exist to guide the choice of anti-biofilm wound therapy. Cadexomer Iodine (CI) was recently reported to have superior efficacy compared to diverse wound dressings against Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms in an ex vivo model. In the current study, the strong performance of CI versus P...
November 17, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785803/surgical-management-of-refractory-nasal-aspergillosis-using-iodine-cadexomer-dressings-in-three-dogs
#2
T J Preston, G L Hosgood, Aeh Paul
BACKGROUND: This case series describes surgical management of nasal aspergillosis refractory to conventional medical management or with evidence of cribriform plate osteolysis in three dogs. METHODS: All dogs had surgical debridement of mucosa, nasal turbinates and necrotic debris via dorsal sinusotomy/rhinotomy. Sinuses were packed with iodine cadexomer-impregnated bandages for several weeks and affixed with tie-over bandages. Bandage changes were performed under sedation in 2/3 cases...
November 2016: Australian Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753550/historical-review-the-u-s-army-medical-belt-for-front-line-first-aid-a-well-considered-design-that-failed-the-medical-department-during-the-first-world-war
#3
Peter C Wever, Mike B J M Korst, Maarten Otte
In December 1913, a board of medical officers was appointed to adapt new U.S. Army equipment to the needs of the Hospital Corps. One of the improvements concerned substitution of the satchel-like Hospital Corps pouch used to carry first aid equipment. A waist belt with 10 pockets, known as the medical belt, was devised, and supplied with a tourniquet, adhesive plaster, safety pins, iodine swabs, sublimated gauze, individual dressing packets, gauze bandages, aromatic spirit of ammonia, and common pins. In addition, an ax carrier accommodating a hand ax, a canteen hanger, and a pouch to carry diagnosis tags and instruments were attached to the medical belt...
October 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721009/a-shape-memory-foam-composite-with-enhanced-fluid-uptake-and-bactericidal-properties-as-a-hemostatic-agent
#4
T L Landsman, T Touchet, S M Hasan, C Smith, B Russell, J Rivera, D J Maitland, E Cosgriff-Hernandez
: Uncontrolled hemorrhage accounts for more than 30% of trauma deaths worldwide. Current hemostatic devices focus primarily on time to hemostasis, but prevention of bacterial infection is also critical for improving survival rates. In this study, we sought to improve on current devices used for hemorrhage control by combining the large volume-filling capabilities and rapid clotting of shape memory polymer (SMP) foams with the swelling capacity of hydrogels. In addition, a hydrogel composition was selected that readily complexes with elemental iodine to impart bactericidal properties to the device...
October 6, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684356/a-comprehensive-review-of-topical-odor-controlling-treatment-options-for-chronic-wounds
#5
Alma Akhmetova, Timur Saliev, Iain U Allan, Matthew J Illsley, Talgat Nurgozhin, Sergey Mikhalovsky
The process of wound healing is often accompanied by bacterial infection or critical colonization, resulting in protracted inflammation, delayed reepithelization, and production of pungent odors. The malodor produced by these wounds may lower health-related quality of life and produce psychological discomfort and social isolation. Current management focuses on reducing bacterial activity within the wound site and absorbing malodorous gases. For example, charcoal-based materials have been incorporated into dressing for direct adsorption of the responsible gases...
November 2016: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647026/corneal-injury-from-presurgical-chlorhexidine-skin-preparation
#6
Gregory J Bever, Frank L Brodie, David G Hwang
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine skin preparation has been shown to provide highly effective antimicrobial presurgical skin cleansing. However, there is a significant risk of ocular toxicity when it is used in periocular areas. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe 2 cases of significant corneal damage resulting from 4% chlorhexidine gluconate preoperative skin cleanser, despite the use of protective occlusive dressing over the eyes. Because of the potential for severe corneal toxicity resulting from use of chlorhexidine, alternative agents such as 10% povidone-iodine should be considered for skin preparation near periocular areas whenever possible...
September 16, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551578/topical-iodine-induced-thyrotoxicosis-in-a-newborn-with-a-giant-omphalocele
#7
Sonali Malhotra, Shilpa Kumta, Alok Bhutada, Elka Jacobson-Dickman, Roja Motaghedi
INTRODUCTION: Neonatal thyrotoxicosis is a life-threatening condition with potentially irreversible neurologic sequelae. Most cases are seen in neonates born to mothers with Graves' disease. Topical iodine-induced hypothyroidism has been reported in neonates, but iodine-induced neonatal hyperthyroidism has not been described; albeit a familiar entity in adults. CASE DESCRIPTION: Herein we present a unique case of a neonate, born with a giant omphalocele, who was treated with topical povidone-iodine dressings to promote escharification, in preparation for delayed surgical closure...
April 2016: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396987/viability-of-lucilia-sericata-maggots-after-exposure-to-wound-antiseptics
#8
Georg Daeschlein, Matthias Napp, Ojan Assadian, Sebastian von Podewils, Kevin Reese, Peter Hinz, Johannes Matiasek, Romy Spitzmueller, Paul Humphreys, Michael Jünger, Axel Kramer
After debridement and before dressing a wound with maggots of calliphorid flies, one frequently performed step is the application of antiseptics to the prepared wound bed. However, the concomitant application of antiseptic agents during maggot therapy is regarded controversial as antiseptics may interfere with maggots' viability. In this experimental in vitro study, the viability of fly maggots was investigated after exposure to various antiseptics frequently used in wound care. Here, we show that Lucilia sericata fly maggots can survive up to an hour's exposure to wound antiseptics such as octenidine, povidone-iodine or polihexanide...
July 11, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27356144/estimating-the-clinical-outcomes-and-cost-differences-between-standard-care-with-and-without-cadexomer-iodine-in-the-management-of-chronic-venous-leg-ulcers-using-a-markov-model
#9
Leo M Nherera, Emma Woodmansey, Paul Trueman, Garry W Gibbons
Chronic venous leg ulcers (VLUs) affect up to 1% of the adult population in the developed world and present a significant financial and resource burden to health care systems. Cadexomer iodine (CI) is an antimicrobial dressing indicated for use in chronic exuding wounds. The aim of this study was to estimate the cost utility of using CI + standard care (SC) - ie, high compression multicomponent bandaging including debridement - compared with SC alone in the management of chronic (>6 months' duration) VLUs from a payer's perspective...
June 2016: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27345081/reducing-infection-in-chronic-leg-ulcers-with-an-activated-carbon-cloth-dressing
#10
Nina Murphy
Zorflex is a new type of antimicrobial dressing composed of 100% activated carbon cloth. It attracts and binds bacteria to its surface, enabling them to be safely removed at dressing change. It has no reported toxic effects and can be used on either a short-or long-term basis. This article describes 4 case studies in which patients with recalcitrant chronic venous leg ulcers that were prone to recurrent infection were treated with the activated carbon cloth dressing. All of the wounds had failed to respond to antimicrobial dressings containing silver, iodine or polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB), and were heavily exuding and painful...
June 23, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27303423/biofortification-of-carrot-daucus-carota-l-with-iodine-and-selenium-in-a-field-experiment
#11
Sylwester Smoleń, Łukasz Skoczylas, Iwona Ledwożyw-Smoleń, Roksana Rakoczy, Aneta Kopeć, Ewa Piątkowska, Renata Bieżanowska-Kopeć, Aneta Koronowicz, Joanna Kapusta-Duch
The low content of iodine (I) and selenium (Se) forms available to plants in soil is one of the main causes of their insufficient transfer in the soil-plant-consumer system. Their deficiency occurs in food in the majority of human and farm animal populations around the world. Both elements are classified as beneficial elements. However, plant response to simultaneous fertilization with I and Se has not been investigated in depth. The study (conducted in 2012-2014) included soil fertilization of carrot cv. "Kazan F1" in the following combinations: (1) Control; (2) KI; (3) KIO3; (4) Na2SeO4; (5) Na2SeO3; (6) KI+Na2SeO4; (7) KIO3+Na2SeO4; (8) KI+Na2SeO3; (9) KIO3+Na2SeO3...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27223844/bilayer-cryogel-wound-dressing-and-skin-regeneration-grafts-for-the-treatment-of-acute-skin-wounds
#12
S Geetha Priya, Ankur Gupta, Era Jain, Joyita Sarkar, Apeksha Damania, Pankaj R Jagdale, Bhushan P Chaudhari, Kailash C Gupta, Ashok Kumar
In this study, the potential of cryogel bilayer wound dressing and skin regenerating graft for the treatment of surgically created full thickness wounds was evaluated. The top layer was composed of polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine (PVP-I) cryogel and served as the antiseptic layer, while the bottom regenerative layer was made using gelatin cryogel. Both components of the bilayer showed typical features of a cryogel interconnected macropore network, rapid swelling, high water uptake capacity of about 90%. Both PVP and gelatin cryogel showed high tensile strength of 45 and 10 kPa, respectively...
June 22, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127772/what-is-new-for-the-prevention-of-catheter-related-bloodstream-infections
#13
Leonardo Lorente
After the publication in 2011 of latest guidelines of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for the prevention of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) some interesting findings have been published in that field. There has been published that skin disinfection with chlorhexidine alcohol reduced the risk of CRBSI compared to skin disinfection with povidone iodine alcohol, that the implementation of quality improvement interventions reduced the incidence of CRBSI, that the use of chlorhexidine impregnated dressing compared to standard dressings reduced the risk of CRBSI and catheter related cost in an health economic model, and that the use of antimicrobial/antiseptic impregnated catheters reduced the incidence of CRBSI and catheter related cost in clinical studies...
March 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27094360/the-role-of-inadine-in-wound-care-a-consensus-document
#14
R Gary Sibbald, James A Elliott
Iodine-based products are antibacterial. The small iodine molecular size is ideally suited to treat surface critical colonisation. Inadine is a 10% povidone iodine dressing with the equivalent of 1% available iodine that is easily extracted from the viscose backing by serum or exudate. The use of hydrophilic polyethylene glycol tulle dressing delivery vehicle allows the dressing to be easily removed by irrigation with potable water or saline. In this study, we developed a short online survey completed by 23 wound-care key opinion leaders from the nursing, medical and podiatry professions...
April 20, 2016: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040598/antibiotics-and-antiseptics-for-pressure-ulcers
#15
REVIEW
Gill Norman, Jo C Dumville, Zena E H Moore, Judith Tanner, Janice Christie, Saori Goto
BACKGROUND: Pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores, decubitus ulcers and pressure injuries, are localised areas of injury to the skin or the underlying tissue, or both. A range of treatments with antimicrobial properties, including impregnated dressings, are widely used in the treatment of pressure ulcers. A clear and current overview is required to facilitate decision making regarding use of antiseptic or antibiotic therapies in the treatment of pressure ulcers. This review is one of a suite of Cochrane reviews investigating the use of antiseptics and antibiotics in different types of wounds...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021482/antibiotics-and-antiseptics-for-surgical-wounds-healing-by-secondary-intention
#16
REVIEW
Gill Norman, Jo C Dumville, Devi Prasad Mohapatra, Gemma L Owens, Emma J Crosbie
BACKGROUND: Following surgery, incisions are usually closed by fixing the edges together with sutures (stitches), staples, adhesives (glue) or clips. This process helps the cut edges heal together and is called 'healing by primary intention'. However, a minority of surgical wounds are not closed in this way. Where the risk of infection is high or there has been significant loss of tissue, wounds may be left open to heal by the growth of new tissue rather than by primary closure; this is known as 'healing by secondary intention'...
March 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27021266/functional-and-cosmetic-outcome-after-closure-of-radial-forearm-free-flap-donor-defect-with-porcine-collagen-membrane
#17
Soo-Hwan Byun, Kang-Min Ahn, Soung-Min Kim, Jong-Ho Lee
INTRODUCTION: Disadvantages of the radial forearm free flap (RFFF) are related to the forearm donor site, which requires skin grafting for closure. Due to that matter, an alternative technique using porcine collagen membrane instead of skin grafting was considered and evaluated for its efficacy of donor defect closure. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten patients requiring reconstruction of oral & maxillofacial defect underwent the single-staged reconstruction with the RFFF...
May 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27011614/honey-dressing-vs-povidone-iodine-dressing
#18
Sim Sai Tin, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27007217/antimicrobial-dressings-for-the-prevention-of-catheter-related-infections-in-newborn-infants-with-central-venous-catheters
#19
REVIEW
Nai Ming Lai, Jacqueline E Taylor, Kenneth Tan, Yao Mun Choo, Azanna Ahmad Kamar, Nor Asiah Muhamad
BACKGROUND: Central venous catheters (CVCs) provide secured venous access in neonates. Antimicrobial dressings applied over the CVC sites have been proposed to reduce catheter-related blood stream infection (CRBSI) by decreasing colonisation. However, there may be concerns on the local and systemic adverse effects of these dressings in neonates. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effectiveness and safety of antimicrobial (antiseptic or antibiotic) dressings in reducing CVC-related infections in newborn infants...
March 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27002262/outcomes-of-peripherally-inserted-double-lumen-central-catheter-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants
#20
S M Cheong, S Totsu, H Nakanishi, A Uchiyama, S Kusuda
OBJECTIVE: In order to evaluate safety and usefulness of peripherally inserted double lumen central catheter (PIDLCC) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, outcomes of VLBW infants who had PIDLCC was studied. SUBJECTIVE: Thirty-nine VLBW infants who were admitted to our NICU in 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Mean birth weight and gestational age was 1042.7 gram and 28.5 weeks, respectively. Total duration of indwelling PIDLCC was 1121 days (mean 28...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
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