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Pancreaticoduodenectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429090/impact-of-angiotensin-receptor-blocker-use-on-overall-survival-among-patients-undergoing-resection-for-pancreatic-cancer
#1
Marcelo Cerullo, Faiz Gani, Sophia Y Chen, Joseph K Canner, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer has higher concentrations of angiotensin II compared with other cancers. This study sought to assess the effect of angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) on survival of patients undergoing resection using a large, nationally representative dataset. METHODS: Patients undergoing pancreatic cancer resection were identified in the Truven Health MarketScan database. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression was used to assess the effect of ARB use on overall survival...
April 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428722/therapeutic-experience-of-289-elderly-patients-with-biliary-diseases
#2
Zong-Ming Zhang, Zhuo Liu, Li-Min Liu, Chong Zhang, Hong-Wei Yu, Bai-Jiang Wan, Hai Deng, Ming-Wen Zhu, Zi-Xu Liu, Wen-Ping Wei, Meng-Meng Song, Yue Zhao
AIM: To present clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment strategies in elderly patients with biliary diseases. METHODS: A total of 289 elderly patients with biliary diseases were enrolled in this study. The clinical data relating to these patients were collected in our hospital from June 2013 to May 2016. Patient age, disease type, coexisting diseases, laboratory examinations, surgical methods, postoperative complications and therapeutic outcomes were analyzed...
April 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428518/-a-case-of-malignant-lymphoma-of-the-jejunum-that-developed-stenosis-and-perforation-after-a-complete-response-to-chemotherapy
#3
Atsushi Sugimoto, Masaharu Tada, Tomoe Taji, Yudai Houjo, Yu Kanokogi, Masaaki Hirata, Yusuke Fujita, Yusuke Kawasaki, Takashi Sakamoto, Junichi Yoshikawa, Hideaki Iwama, Shinichiro Usuki, Yoshiharu Shirakata, Jun Tamura, Atsuhiko Maki
A 57-year-old woman was admitted owing to epigastric pain.Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a tumor in the origin of the jejunum.After an endoscopic biopsy, we diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.We treated her with CHOP chemotherapy because pancreaticoduodenectomy is highly invasive.After 1 course of chemotherapy, the tumor was reduced.However, she developed a jejunal stenosis; therefore, we performed laparoscopic gastrojejunostomy.Furthermore, she developed perforated peritonitis on the sixth day after the surgery, and therefore, an emergency partial jejunum resection was performed...
April 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421350/preoperative-imaging-evaluation-of-pancreatic-pathologies-for-the-objective-prediction-of-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#4
REVIEW
Yoshitsugu Tajima, Yasunari Kawabata, Noriyuki Hirahara
In performing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) or when conducting clinical trials involving PD procedure, a universal platform for predicting the risk of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is indispensable. In this article, the most significant imaging studies that focused on the objective preoperative assessment of pancreatic pathologies in association with the occurrence of POPF after PD were reviewed. Several recently developed imaging modalities can objectively predict the occurrence of POPF after PD by assessing the elasticity, fibrosis, and fatty infiltration of the pancreas...
April 18, 2017: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419768/pneumatosis-intestinalis-related-to-jejunal-feeding-post-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#5
Rebecca Ling, David Ren, Hamish Shilton, Dean Spilias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 16, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417289/reporting-the-margin-in-pancreaticoduodenectomies-r0-versus-r1
#6
Chandralekha Shyamsunder Tampi, Somesh Nilkanth, Palepu Jagannath
AIM: This study was conducted to analyze the changes in margin positivity in pancreaticoduodenectomies, on using a standardized protocol, which bread loafs the pancreas and duodenum in the axial plane for adenocarcinomas arising in the pancreatic head, ampulla, terminal common bile duct (CBD), and duodenum, and then to assess whether these tumor subsets involve the margins in different ways. METHODS: The analysis was performed on 70 consecutive specimens, the pre-protocol specimens serving as the control group...
April 18, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408987/saving-from-unnecessary-pancreaticoduodenectomy-brunner-s-gland-hamartoma-case-report-on-a-rare-duodenal-lesion-and-exhaustive-literature-review
#7
Andrea Peloso, Jacopo Viganò, Alessandro Vanoli, Tommaso Dominioni, Sandro Zonta, Dario Bugada, Carlo Maria Bianchi, Francesco Calabrese, Ilaria Benzoni, Marcello Maestri, Paolo Dionigi, Lorenzo Cobianchi
INTRODUCTION: Brunner's gland hamartoma (BGH) is an infrequently encountered, benign, polypoid proliferation of Brunner's glands. Usually these lesions are asymptomatic, just only occasionally presenting with duodenal obstruction or bleeding signs and mimicking a tumoral lesion. CASE PRESENTATION: A 72-year-old male, referred for recurrent vomiting and epigastralgia, was investigated and all preoperative findings were suggestive of a tumour of the duodenum. During the scheduled pancreaticoduodenectomy a mass, resultant to a polyp, was palpatory felt inside the duodenum and then successfully and completely resected through a duodenotomy avoiding surgical overtreatment and connected postoperative morbidities...
May 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408176/using-the-nsqip-pancreatic-demonstration-project-to%C3%A2-derive-a-modified-fistula-risk-score-for-preoperative-risk-stratification-in-patients-undergoing-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#8
Olga Kantor, Mark S Talamonti, Henry A Pitt, Charles M Vollmer, Taylor S Riall, Bruce L Hall, Chi-Hsiung Wang, Marshall S Baker
BACKGROUND: The Fistula Risk Score (FRS) is a clinical tool developed from single-institutional data using primarily intraoperative factors to characterize the risk of clinically relevant pancreatic fistula (CR-POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy. We developed a modified FRS based on objective, nationally accrued data that is more readily determined before resection. STUDY DESIGN: The 2012 NSQIP Pancreatic Demonstration Project (PDP) was used to identify 1,731 pancreaticoduodenectomy resections over 14 months (2011 to 2012)...
March 9, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407261/nationwide-trends-and-outcomes-associated-with-neoadjuvant-therapy-in-pancreatic-cancer-an-analysis-of-18%C3%A2-243-patients
#9
Linda M Youngwirth, Daniel P Nussbaum, Samantha Thomas, Mohamed A Adam, Dan G Blazer, Sanziana A Roman, Julie A Sosa
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant therapy has theoretical benefits for pancreatic cancer; however, its association with perioperative outcomes remains controversial. This study sought to evaluate variation in use of neoadjuvant therapy and outcomes following pancreatic resection. METHODS: The National Cancer Data Base (1998-2011) was queried for patients with Stage I or II pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy. Subjects were classified by use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399882/liver-necrosis-shortly-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-with-resection-of-the-replaced-left-hepatic-artery
#10
Michihiro Yamamoto, Masazumi Zaima, Hidekazu Yamamoto, Hideki Harada, Junichiro Kawamura, Masahiro Yamada, Tekefumi Yazawa, Junya Kawasoe
BACKGROUND: Surgeons, in general, underestimate the replaced left hepatic artery (rLHA) that arises from the left gastric artery (LGA), compared with the replaced right hepatic artery (rRHA), especially in standard gastric cancer surgery. During pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD), preservation of the rRHA arising from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) is widely accepted to prevent critical postoperative complications, such as liver necrosis, bile duct ischemia, and biliary anastomotic leakage...
April 11, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396720/delayed-gastric-emptying-following-pancreaticoduodenectomy-incidence-risk-factors-and-healthcare-utilization
#11
Somala Mohammed, George Van Buren Ii, Amy McElhany, Eric J Silberfein, William E Fisher
AIM: To characterize incidence and risk factors for delayed gastric emptying (DGE) following pancreaticoduodenectomy and examine its implications on healthcare utilization. METHODS: A prospectively-maintained database was reviewed. DGE was classified using International Study Group of Pancreatic Surgery criteria. Patients who developed DGE and those who did not were compared. RESULTS: Two hundred and seventy-six patients underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) (> 80% pylorus-preserving, antecolic-reconstruction)...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394870/postoperative-morbidity-after-radical-resection-of-primary-retroperitoneal-sarcoma-a-report-from-the-transatlantic-rps-working-group
#12
Andrea J MacNeill, Alessandro Gronchi, Rosalba Miceli, Sylvie Bonvalot, Carol J Swallow, Peter Hohenberger, Frits Van Coevorden, Piotr Rutkowski, Dario Callegaro, Andrew J Hayes, Charles Honoré, Mark Fairweather, Amanda Cannell, Jens Jakob, Rick L Haas, Milena Szacht, Marco Fiore, Paolo G Casali, Raphael E Pollock, Francesco Barretta, Chandrajit P Raut, Dirk C Strauss
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety of radical resection for retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS). BACKGROUND: The surgical management of RPS frequently involves complex multivisceral resection. Improved oncologic outcomes have been demonstrated with this approach compared to marginal excision, but the safety of radical resection has not been shown in a large study population. METHODS: The Transatlantic Retroperitoneal Sarcoma Working Group (TARPSWG) is an international collaborative of sarcoma centers...
April 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392706/pancreatic-solitary-fibrous-tumor-in-a-toddler-managed-by-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Qingfeng Sheng, Weijue Xu, Jiangbin Liu, Baiyong Shen, Xiaxing Deng, Yibo Wu, Wei Wu, Shenghua Yu, Xueli Wang, Zhibao Lv
Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) of the pancreas is rare, with 15 adult cases reported in the English literature. We described a 14-month-old boy who presented with obstructive jaundice. Dominantly elevated serum CA19-9 was detected. Imaging studies revealed a well-circumscribed, solid mass in the pancreatic head. A pancreaticoduodenectomy (child procedure) was performed using Shen's anastomosis technique. After resection of the tumor, liver function and serum tumor markers normalized and clinical signs receded...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392159/early-postoperative-prediction-of-clinically-relevant-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy-usefulness-of-c-reactive-protein
#14
Stefano Partelli, Nicolò Pecorelli, Francesca Muffatti, Giulio Belfiori, Stefano Crippa, Francesco Piazzai, Renato Castoldi, Cristina Marmorale, Gianpaolo Balzano, Massimo Falconi
BACKGROUND: An early recognition of clinically relevant pancreatic fistula (PF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is essential. METHODS: All consecutive patients who underwent PD in two institutions were included (2013-2015). In all patients amylase value in drains (AVD) was evaluated in postoperative day 1 (POD1). White-blood cell count (WBC), serum pancreatic amylase (SPA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) were routinely evaluated in POD1, POD2, and POD3. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were performed...
April 6, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389798/total-robotic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Michail Kornaropoulos, Demetrios Moris, Eliza W Beal, Marinos C Makris, Apostolos Mitrousias, Athanasios Petrou, Evangelos Felekouras, Adamantios Michalinos, Michail Vailas, Dimitrios Schizas, Alexandros Papalampros
BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a complex operation with high perioperative morbidity and mortality, even in the highest volume centers. Since the development of the robotic platform, the number of reports on robotic-assisted pancreatic surgery has been on the rise. This article reviews the current state of completely robotic PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed including studies published between January 2000 and July 2016 reporting PDs in which all procedural steps (dissection, resection and reconstruction) were performed robotically...
April 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381727/long-term-outcomes-of-pancreatic-function-following-pancreatic-trauma
#16
Toshio Morita, Osamu Takasu, Teruo Sakamoto, Shinjirou Mori, Atsuo Nakamura, Masakazu Nabeta, Nobuhisa Hirayu, Mariko Moroki, Norio Yamashita
The objective of this study is to retrospectively assess long-term outcomes and late complications of pancreatic trauma. We studied 14 patients with pancreatic trauma who were treated at the Advanced Emergency Medical Service Center, Kurume University Hospital, between 1981 and 2012 and discharged alive. Relevant data were extracted from patient records and a retrospective patient questionnaire and blood test were completed to evaluate pancreatic function. The median patient age at the time of the survey was 49 years; the median post-injury period was 23 years and 5 months...
April 3, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381388/pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-borderline-resectable-pancreatic-head-cancer-with-a-modified-artery-first-approach-technique
#17
Min Wang, Hang Zhang, Feng Zhu, Feng Peng, Xin Wang, Ming Shen, Ren-Yi Qin
BACKGROUND: The treatment of borderline resectable pancreatic head cancer (BRPHC) is still controversial and challenging. The artery-first approaches are described to be the important options for the early determination. Whether these approaches can achieve an increase R0 rate, better bleeding control and increasing long-term survival for BRPHC are still controversial. We compared a previously reported technique, a modified artery-first approach (MAFA), with conventional techniques for the surgical treatment of BRPHC...
April 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381375/superior-mesenteric-artery-first-approach-versus-standard-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Ionut Negoi, Sorin Hostiuc, Alexandru Runcanu, Ruxandra Irina Negoi, Mircea Beuran
BACKGROUND: The superior mesenteric artery (SMA) first approach was proposed recently as a new modification of the standard pancreaticoduodenectomy. Increasing evidence showed that a periadventiceal dissection of the SMA with early transection of the inflow during pancreaticoduodenectomy associates better early perioperative results, and setup the scene for long-term oncological benefits. The objectives of the current study are to compare the operative results and long-term oncological outcomes of SMA first approach pancreaticoduodenectomy (SMA-PD) with standard pancreaticoduodenectomy (S-PD)...
April 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373479/eligibility-criteria-specific-to-pancreaticoduodenectomy-for-octogenarians-single-center-opinion
#19
Shunichi Shiozawa, Takebumi Usui, Kotaro Kuhara, Akira Tsuchiya, Tatsuomi Miyauchi, Teppei Kono, Yukio Shimojima, Shinichi Asaka, Kentaro Yamaguchi, Hajime Yokomizo, Takeshi Shimakawa, Kazuhiko Yoshimatsu, Takao Katsube, Yoshihiko Naritaka
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) treatment outcomes in elderly patients have been reported to be acceptable, but the eligibility criteria are not clear. To elucidate the importance of PD in octogenarians in particular, we set five eligibility criteria for elderly patients based on preoperative cardiac and pulmonary function, nutritional status, daily activity status, and psychological independence status for the first time and evaluated prospectively whether the validity of patient selection was adaptable...
April 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373459/preoperative-pancreatic-stiffness-by-real-time-tissue-elastography-to-predict-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#20
Noboru Harada, Tomoharu Yoshizumi, Takashi Maeda, Hiroto Kayashima, Toru Ikegami, Norifumi Harimoto, Shinji Itoh, Yoshihiko Maehara
AIM: To assess the correlations among pancreatic fibrosis, pancreatic stiffness, and postoperative pancreatic fistula (PF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 17 consecutively enrolled patients who underwent subtotal stomach-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (SSPPD). The liver fibrosis (LF) index as pancreatic stiffness was measured by real-time tissue elastography (RTE) before SSPPD. We also obtained the pathological fibrosis assessment of the pancreatic stump after SSPPD...
April 2017: Anticancer Research
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