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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770504/black-pepper-piper-nigrum-essential-oil-demonstrates-tissue-remodeling-and-metabolism-modulating-potential-in-human-cells
#1
Xuesheng Han, Cody Beaumont, Damian Rodriguez, Tyler Bahr
Very few studies have investigated the biological activities of black pepper essential oil (BPEO) in human cells. Therefore, in the current study, we examined the biological activities of BPEO in cytokine-stimulated human dermal fibroblasts by analyzing the levels of 17 important protein biomarkers pertinent to inflammation and tissue remodeling. BPEO exhibited significant antiproliferative activity in these skin cells and significantly inhibited the production of Collagen I, Collagen III, and plasminogen activator inhibitor 1...
May 17, 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753547/an-analysis-of-casualties-presenting-to-military-emergency-departments-in-iraq-and-afghanistan
#2
Steven G Schauer, Jason F Naylor, Joshua J Oliver, Joseph K Maddry, Michael D April
BACKGROUND: During the past 17 years of conflict the deployed US military health care system has found new and innovative ways to reduce combat mortality down to the lowest case fatality rate in US history. There is currently a data dearth of emergency department (ED) care delivered in this setting. We seek to describe ED interventions in this setting. METHODS: We used a series of ED procedure codes to identify subjects within the Department of Defense Trauma Registry from January 2007 to August 2016...
May 2, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748921/the-efficacy-of-an-electrolysed-water-formulation-on-biofilms
#3
Anne-Marie Salisbury, Steven L Percival
Electrolysed water is a basic process whereby an electric current is passed through deionised water containing a low concentration of sodium chloride in an electrolysis chamber, which results in a more complex chemistry resulting in the production of a strong bactericidal and fungicidal solution at the anode. This microbicidal solution contains hypochlorous acid that is fast-acting and environmentally safe, as upon bacterial killing, the equilibrium shifts from hypochlorous acid back to salt and water. Other antimicrobial agents produced in this process include sodium hypochlorite and chlorine...
May 11, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722754/assessment-selection-use-and-evaluation-of-body-worn-absorbent-products-for-adults-with-incontinence-a-wocn-society-consensus-conference
#4
Mikel Gray, Dea Kent, JoAnn Ermer-Seltun, Laurie McNichol
The Wound, Ostomy and Continence Nurses (WOCN) Society charged a task force with creating recommendations for assessment, selection, use, and evaluation of body-worn absorbent products. The 3-member task force, assisted by a moderator with knowledge of this area of care, completed a scoping literature review to identify recommendations supported by adequate research to qualify as evidence-based, and area of care where evidence needed to guide care was missing. Based on findings of this scoping review, the Society then convened a panel of experts to develop consensus statements guiding assessment, use, and evaluation of the effect of body-worn absorbent products for adults with urinary and/or fecal incontinence...
May 2018: Journal of Wound, Ostomy, and Continence Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718812/safety-and-efficacy-of-an-autologous-blood-clot-product-in-the-management-of-texas-1a-or-2a-neuropathic-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-prospective-multicenter-open-label-pilot-study
#5
Robert J Snyder, Maria A Kasper, Keyur Patel, Marissa J Carter, Igal Kushnir, Alon Kushnir, Thomas E Serena
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study evaluates safety in terms of the occurrence of adverse events (AEs) as well as the efficacy in terms of complete wound healing rates of a blood clot product when applied to chronic neuropathic diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants were chosen from patients with DFUs visiting the wound care clinic. Up to 10 mL of blood drawn from each participant was injected into the product's clotting tray. Within 12 minutes, the blood clot product was formed, applied to the single DFU of each participant, and covered with primary and secondary dressings...
April 20, 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717629/a-comparative-study-of-the-effects-of-nigella-sativa-oil-gel-and-aloe-vera-gel-on-wound-healing-in-diabetic-rats
#6
Yunita Sari, Iwan Purnawan, Dhadhang Wahyu Kurniawan, Eman Sutrisna
Clinicians and wound care nurses in Indonesia usually use Nigella sativa oil (NSO) gel and aloe vera (AV) gel to treat diabetic ulcers. However, there are no studies directly comparing the effects of NSO and AV gels on wound healing, so it is unknown which of these 2 plants is better at promoting wound healing in diabetic ulcers. If the comparative efficacy between these 2 gels was known, it would be important evidence favoring the clinical use of one or the other product in Indonesia. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effectiveness of NSO and AV gels on wound healing in a rat model of diabetic ulcers...
January 2018: Journal of evidence-based integrative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682897/an-aseptically-processed-acellular-reticular-allogenic-human-dermis-improves-healing-in-diabetic-foot-ulcers-a-prospective-randomised-controlled-multicentre-follow-up-trial
#7
Charles M Zelen, Dennis P Orgill, Thomas E Serena, Robert E Galiano, Marissa J Carter, Lawrence A DiDomenico, Jennifer Keller, Jarrod P Kaufman, William W Li
Aseptically processed human reticular acellular dermal matrix (HR-ADM) has been previously shown to improve wound closure in 40 diabetic patients with non-healing foot ulcers. The study was extended to 40 additional patients (80 in total) to validate and extend the original findings. The entire cohort of 80 patients underwent appropriate offloading and standard of care (SOC) during a 2-week screening period and, after meeting eligibility criteria, were randomised to receive weekly applications of HR-ADM plus SOC or SOC alone for up to 12 weeks...
April 22, 2018: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663928/a-tiered-experimental-approach-for-characterization-and-silver-release-of-silver-containing-wound-dressings
#8
Liming Xu, Ru Bai, Xiang Cheng, Anliang Shao, Liang Chen, Shuxin Qu, Chunying Chen
Silver-containing dressings are widely used for wound care owing to their broad-spectrum microbicidal activity. However, the potential adverse effects on human health emerging from exposure to their active ingredients (silver ions or nanoparticles) have resulted in widespread concerns about their use. The release profiles of various chemical forms of silver (Ag) from silver-containing dressing are closely related to their bioavailability and potential adverse effects on the body. In this research, we demonstrated a tiered experimental approach for systematic characterization and assessment of silver-containing wound dressing, which provides information for risk assessments...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660479/nanodiamond-applications-in-skin-preparations
#9
REVIEW
Roshanak Namdar, Shohreh Nafisi
The biocompatibility and nontoxicity of nanodiamonds (NDs) in combination with their excellent physical performance have rendered them attractive candidates for biomedical applications. NDs have great potential in drug nanoformulations because of their small size compared with other carbon nanomaterials. They are nontoxic with excellent adsorption properties and can be formulated into skin care products. Even though NDs have shown encouraging potential in skin preparations, only a few studies have reviewed their application in topical drug delivery systems...
April 13, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601620/multi-center-double-blind-vehicle-controlled-clinical-trial-of-an-alpha-and-beta-defensin-containing-anti-aging-skin-care-regimen-with-clinical-histopathologic-immunohistochemical-photographic-and-ultrasound-evaluation
#10
Amy Taub, Vivian Bucay, Gregory Keller, Jay Williams, Darius Mehregan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Anti-aging strategies utilizing stem cells are in the forefront. Alpha and beta defensins are natural immune peptides that have been shown to activate an LGR6-positive stem cell locus in the hair follicle, identified as the source of most new epidermal cells during acute wound healing. We investigated the ability of biomimetic alpha and beta defensin molecules, supplemented with supportive cosmetic ingredients, formulated into three skin care products, at improving the structure and function of aging skin...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572395/opportunities-for-better-value-wound-care-a-multiservice-cross-sectional-survey-of-complex-wounds-and-their-care-in-a-uk-community-population
#11
Trish A Gray, Sarah Rhodes, Ross A Atkinson, Katy Rothwell, Paul Wilson, Jo C Dumville, Nicky A Cullum
BACKGROUND: Complex wounds impose a substantial health economic burden worldwide. As wound care is managed across multiple settings by a range of healthcare professionals with varying levels of expertise, the actual care delivered can vary considerably and result in the underuse of evidence-based interventions, the overuse of interventions supported by limited evidence and low value healthcare. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the number, type and management of complex wounds being treated over a two-week period and to explore variations in care by comparing current practices in wound assessment, prevention and treatment...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571291/factors-associated-to-prevalence-and-treatment-of-carbapenem-resistant-enterobacteriaceae-infections-a-seven-years-retrospective-study-in-three-tertiary-care-hospitals
#12
Feng Pang, Xiu-Qin Jia, Qi-Gang Zhao, Yi Zhang
BACKGROUND: The increasing incidence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), has resulted in a difficult problem in the current clinical anti-infective treatment. We performed a retrospective analysis of prevalence and treatment for CRE infections patients. METHODS: This study was conducted in three tertiary care hospitals from January 1, 2010 to December 30, 2016. Baseline data, treatment, and outcomes were collected in patients with ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (VABP), bacteremia, complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI)/acute pyelonephritis (AP), hospital-acquired bacterial pneumonia (HABP), superficial wound infection (SWI), biliary tract infection (BTI), deep wound infection (DWI) and sterile body fluids infection (SBFI) due to CRE...
March 23, 2018: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567397/nanopharmaceuticals-for-wound-healing-lost-in-translation
#13
Mukul Ashtikar, Matthias G Wacker
Today, many of the newly developed pharmaceuticals and medical devices take advantage of nanotechnology and with a rising incidence of chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, the number of patients afflicted globally with non-healing wounds is growing. This has created a requirement for improved therapies and wound care. However, converting the strategies applied in early research into new products is still challenging. Many of them fail to comply with the market requirements. This review discusses the legal and scientific challenges in the design of nanomedicines for wound healing...
March 19, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562729/the-effect-of-poly-glycerol-sebacate-incorporation-within-hybrid-chitin-lignin-sol-gel-nanofibrous-scaffolds
#14
Tuerdimaimaiti Abudula, Lassaad Gzara, Giovanna Simonetti, Ahmed Alshahrie, Numan Salah, Pierfrancesco Morganti, Angelo Chianese, Afsoon Fallahi, Ali Tamayol, Sidi A Bencherif, Adnan Memic
Chitin and lignin primarily accumulate as bio-waste resulting from byproducts of crustacean crusts and plant biomass. Recently, their use has been proposed for diverse and unique bioengineering applications, amongst others. However, their weak mechanical properties need to be improved in order to facilitate their industrial utilization. In this paper, we fabricated hybrid fibers composed of a chitin-lignin (CL)-based sol-gel mixture and elastomeric poly (glycerol sebacate) (PGS) using a standard electrospinning approach...
March 19, 2018: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561671/product-evaluation-of-an-absorbent-antimicrobial-haemostatic-dressing
#15
Jackie Stephen-Haynes, Louise Toner, Steve Jeffrey
This article reports on a product evaluation of KytoCel, an absorbent wound dressing used in the treatment of 30 wounds treated in community care and 10 split-thickness skin-graft donor sites treated in acute care. Within the community-treated cohort, unspecified leg wounds were the most common wound type (n=6) with the mean wound area of the 30 wounds being 17.6 cm2 (standard deviation (SD) 31.7) and mean volume being 8.4 cm3 (SD 21.4). Most community treated wounds (27/30; 90%) were reported to have moderate to high levels of wound exudate with the majority (n=19) either healed or improved during treatment...
March 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561342/effects-of-3-different-methods-of-care-on-the-peristomal-skin-integrity-of-children-with-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tubes-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Hatice Pars, Hicran Çavuşoğlu
OBJECTIVE: There are a limited number of studies examining the effects of products used in stoma care. This study compares the effects of 3 different methods of care on the peristomal skin integrity of children with percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tubes. METHODS: In this randomized controlled study, 60 children were allocated to the 3 study groups (group 1: hydrogel, group 2: soap and water, group 3: saline solution). Dressings were changed daily for all groups during the first week, then weekly for group 1 and daily for groups 2 and 3...
April 2018: Advances in Skin & Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523753/prospective-use-of-unmanned-aerial-vehicles-for-military-medical-evacuation-in-future-conflicts
#17
EDITORIAL
Charles Handford, F Reeves, P Parker
In order to continue to deliver outstanding medical care on the battlefield, the UK Defence Medical Services must continue to adapt, overcome and actively embrace change. One potential area is the rapid proliferation and sophistication of automated and remote systems such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). UAVs are already used to deliver blood to remote military locations in Afghanistan and defibrillators to those that need them in the USA and Sweden. An area of future opportunity would be to facilitate rapid evacuation of wounded personnel from high intensity, high threat, remote and austere areas directly to specialist care...
March 9, 2018: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521641/clinical-assessment-of-a-biofilm-disrupting-agent-for-the-management-of-chronic-wounds-compared-with-standard-of-care-a-therapeutic-approach
#18
Daniel Kim, William Namen Ii, January Moore, Mauricia Buchanan, Valerie Hayes, Matthew F Myntti, Albert Hakaim
OBJECTIVE: The authors study the use of a biofilm-disrupting wound gel designed for wound management to determine if disrupting chronic wound biofilm would be therapeutically efficacious. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, randomized, open-label clinical trial was performed from September 2014 through March 2016. Forty-three patients (22 experimental, 21 control) with chronic, recalcitrant wounds were randomized to a 12-week treatment with a biofilm-disrupting wound gel (experimental) or a broad-spectrum antimicrobial ointment (control)...
January 26, 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521640/a-randomized-controlled-study-evaluating-the-clinical-benefits-of-a-cellulose-acetate-mesh-coated-with-a-soft-silicone-in-the-management-of-acute-wounds
#19
Anne-Claire Pierrefeu-Lagrange, Karine Mari, Caroline Hoss, Breda Cullen, Lorraine Nisbet
INTRODUCTION: Dressings are a mainstay for wound management; however, dressing adherence to the wound or periwound area can cause pain and trauma at removal. Dressing-related trauma includes skin reactions, adherence to the wound, and skin stripping. The development of atraumatic wound contact layer dressings has been a major advancement in reducing trauma. OBJECTIVE: This study compares the benefits of a cellulose acetate mesh (CAM) coated with soft silicone versus a flexible polyamide net (FPN) coated with soft silicone...
April 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509113/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-hydration-response-technology-dressing-in-the-treatment-of-venous-leg-ulcers-in-the-uk
#20
Stefan Walzer, Daniel Dröschel, Lutz Vollmer, Leanne Atkin, Karen Ousey
OBJECTIVE: Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) cause significant pain and suffering for patients. Additionally, they place considerable financial and service burden on the National Health Service (NHS). A large proportion of VLUs do not heal within the standard time frame of 16-24 weeks, resulting in static wounds which commonly have issues with increasing exudate production. As the NHS continues to face times of austerity, services need to find solutions to be able to reduce costs and release nursing time while maintaining standards of care...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Wound Care
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