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Carmen Lozano, Haythem Gharsa, Karim Ben Slama, Myriam Zarazaga, Carmen Torres
The interest about Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and methicillin resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in livestock, and domestic and wild animals has significantly increased. The spread of different clonal complexes related to livestock animals, mainly CC398, and the recent description of the new mecC gene, make it necessary to know more about the epidemiology and population structure of this microorganism all over the world. Nowadays, there are several descriptions about the presence of S. aureus and/or MRSA in different animal species (dogs, sheep, donkeys, bats, pigs, and monkeys), and in food of animal origin in African countries...
February 4, 2016: Microorganisms
Ø Angen, M Stegger, J Larsen, B Lilje, H Kaya, K S Pedersen, A Jakobsen, A Petersen, A R Larsen
OBJECTIVES: We unexpectedly identified MRSA isolates carrying mecC (mecC-MRSA) from a Danish swine farm located in eastern Zealand. The objective of the present study was to investigate the origin of these isolates and their genetic relatedness to other mecC-MRSA isolates from Zealand. METHODS: WGS was used to infer the phylogenetic relationship between 19 identified mecC-MRSA isolates from the swine farm and 34 additional epidemiologically unrelated human isolates from the same geographical region of Denmark...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Stefan Monecke, Lutz Jatzwauk, Elke Müller, Hedda Nitschke, Katharina Pfohl, Peter Slickers, Annett Reissig, Antje Ruppelt-Lorz, Ralf Ehricht
SCCmec elements are very important mobile genetic elements in Staphylococci that carry beta-lactam resistance genes mecA/mecC, recombinase genes and a variety of accessory genes. Twelve main types and a couple of variants have yet been described. In addition, there are also other SCC elements harbouring other markers. In order to subtype strains of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) based on variations within their SCCmec elements, 86 markers were selected from published SCC sequences for an assay based on multiplexed primer extension reactions followed by hybridisation to the specific probes...
2016: PloS One
M Angeles Argudín, M Dodémont, M Taguemount, S Roisin, R de Mendonça, A Deplano, C Nonhoff, O Denis
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to estimate the in vitro activity of ceftaroline against clinical Staphylococcus aureus isolates collected during national surveillance in Belgian acute-care hospitals. Ceftaroline-resistant isolates were further investigated for their resistance mechanisms. METHODS: From October 2013 to March 2014, 155 laboratories of Belgian acute-care hospitals were invited to send to the National Reference Centre-Staphylococcus aureus (Belgium) up to five non-duplicate S...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Marie Bonjean, Elisabeth Hodille, Oana Dumitrescu, Céline Dupieux, Christina Nkoud Mongo, Camille Allam, Mathilde Beghin, Mickael Paris, Ophelie Borrel, Hubert Chardon, Fréderic Laurent, Jean-Philippe Rasigade, Gerard Lina
Disk diffusion testing is widely used to detect methicillin resistance in staphylococci, and cefoxitin is currently considered the best marker for mecA-mediated methicillin resistance. In low-inoculum diffusion testing (colony suspension at 10(6) CFU/mL), though the addition of moxalactam in combination with cefoxitin has been reported to improve on cefoxitin alone for the detection of methicillin hetero-resistant staphylococci. However, moxalactam is absent from EUCAST and CLSI guidelines, which use high inoculum diffusion testing (colony suspension at 10(8) CFU/mL), calling into question the potential interest of including moxalactam in their recommendations...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Alexandre Gaymard, Maxime Pichon, Michaël Degaud, Jason Tasse, Céline Dupieux, Frédéric Laurent
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is involved in community-acquired and nosocomial diseases. The means of MRSA transmission and dissemination in the community remain uncertain. Studies have shown that public transport systems could be a source of MRSA and may serve as a potential source for community-acquired MRSA infections. This study aimed to investigate MRSA contamination on Lyon's metropolitan network (Métro) in France. Hand-touched surfaces were sampled with sterile swabs (Transystem(®)) during a 1-day transversal study by collecting 50 samples in seven hub stations and two trains for each of the four Métro lines...
October 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Constanze Seidel, Sonja Peters, Erik Eschbach, Andrea T Feßler, Boris Oberheitmann, Stefan Schwarz
The gene mecA and its homologue mecC confer methicillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and other staphylococci. Methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS) are considered resistant to all β-lactam antibiotics. To avoid the use of β-lactam antibiotics for the control of MRS infections, there is an urgent need for a fast and reliable screening assay for mecA and mecC that can easily be integrated in routine laboratory diagnostics. The aim of this study was the development of such a rapid detection method for methicillin resistance based on nucleic acid lateral flow immunoassay (NALFIA) technology...
August 16, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
Sasmita Panda, Sarita Kar, Savitri Sharma, Durg V Singh
This study aimed to determine the presence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), SCCmec elements and genetic relatedness among Staphylococcus haemolyticus isolated from patients with a variety of eye infections (n=11) and from healthy conjunctiva (n=7). Minimum inhibitory concentrations were determined for 14 antimicrobials according to BSAC guidelines. PCR was used to identify the presence of mecA, mecC, SCCmec type and ARGs. Sequencing was used to determine mutations in gyrA, gyrB, topoisomerase IVA and IVB genes...
September 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Benedikt Hogan, Raphael Rakotozandrindrainy, Hassan Al-Emran, Denise Dekker, Andreas Hahn, Anna Jaeger, Sven Poppert, Hagen Frickmann, Ralf Matthias Hagen, Volker Micheel, Sabine Crusius, Jean Noel Heriniaina, Jean Philibert Rakotondrainiarivelo, Tsiriniaina Razafindrabe, Jürgen May, Norbert Georg Schwarz
BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) clones pose a significant threat to hospitalised patients because the bacteria can be transmitted by asymptomatic carriers within healthcare facilities. To date, nothing is known about the prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA among healthcare workers in Madagascar. The objective of our study was to examine the prevalence and clonal epidemiology of nasal S. aureus and MRSA among healthcare workers and non-medical University students in Antananarivo, Madagascar...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Hoda Anton-Culver, Jenny Chang, Freddie Bray, Ariana Znaor, Lisa Stevens, Sultan Eser, Barbara Silverman, Omar Nimri, Pavlos Pavlou, Haris Charalambous, Anna Demetriou, Kevin Ward, Argyrios Ziogas
It is important that population-based cancer registries provide accurate and reliable data for public health purposes. These data are essential data for planning of cancer control and prevention. In this study, we examined cancer incidence rates (year 2005-2010) in four MECC registries (Cyprus, Jordan, Israel, Izmir (Turkey)) and compared with the rates in the US. The overall age-standardized incidence rates for males were highest in the US followed by Israeli Jews, Izmir (Turkey), Cyprus, Israeli Arabs, and lowest in Jordan...
October 2016: Cancer Epidemiology
M Lisy, E Schmid, J Kozok, P Rosenberger, U A Stock, G Kalender
AIM: Intraoperative allogeneic blood product transfusion (ABPT) in cardiac surgery is associated with worse overall outcome, including mortality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the ABPTs in minimalized extracorporeal cardiopulmonary (MECC(TM)) compared with standard open system on-pump coronary revascularization. METHODS: Data of 156 patients undergoing myocardial revascularization between September 2008 and September 2010 were reviewed. 83 patients were operated by the MECC technique and 73 were treated by standard extracorporeal circulation (sECC)...
2016: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
Marc Armengol-Porta, Alberto Tenorio-Abreu, Dirk Bandt, David C Coleman, Dolores Gavier-Widen, Helmut Hotzel, Peter Kinnevey, Alexandros Lazaris, Martin Peters, Lena Rangstrup-Christensen, Katharina Schlotter, Anna C Shore, Ralf Ehricht, Stefan Monecke
Ceftaroline is a new cephalosporin with activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). A collection of 17 clinical and veterinary mecC-positive MRSA isolates was tested to evaluate the in vitro efficacy of ceftaroline against recently emerged mecC-MRSA isolates. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) of ceftaroline for the 17 isolates were determined by broth microdilution using the methodology and interpretive criteria of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)...
June 2016: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Nagehan Pakasticali, Gamze Kaya, Unal Senel, Oner Kipritci, Zeynep Tamay, Nermin Guler, Hasan Nazik, Betigul Ongen
Staphylococcus aureus is the most common pathogen isolated from respiratory tract samples in cystic fibrosis (CF) cases. Rate of infection with S. aureus small-colony variants (SCVs) also is increasing in CF patients. In this study, we aimed to determine the prevalence, antibiotic susceptibility and genotypic property of S. aureus SCVs in respiratory tract samples of CF patients admitted to Istanbul Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Turkey. Among 305 respiratory tract samples from 84 CF patients, normal S. aureus isolates were present in 71% of the CF patients and S...
May 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Xiaojuan Yang, Jumei Zhang, Shubo Yu, Qingping Wu, Weipeng Guo, Jiahui Huang, Shuzhen Cai
Staphylococcus aureus, particularly methicillin-resistant S.aureus (MRSA), is a life-threatening pathogen in humans, and its presence in food is a public health concern. MRSA has been identified in foods in China, but little information is available regarding MRSA in ready-to-eat (RTE) foods. We aimed to investigate the prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA in Chinese retail RTE foods. All isolated S. aureus were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility, and MRSA isolates were further characterized by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec) typing...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
S M Hatcher, K W Myers, C D Heaney, J Larsen, D Hall, M B Miller, J R Stewart
Industrial hog operations (IHOs) have been identified as a source of antibiotic-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). However, few studies have investigated the presence of antibiotic-resistant S. aureus in the environment near IHOs, specifically surface waters proximal to spray fields where IHO liquid lagoon waste is sprayed. Surface water samples (n=179) were collected over the course of approximately one year from nine locations in southeastern North Carolina and analyzed for the presence of presumptive MRSA using CHROMagar MRSA media...
September 15, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Stephanie L Schmit, Hedy S Rennert, Gad Rennert, Stephen B Gruber
BACKGROUND: Coffee contains several bioactive compounds relevant to colon physiology. Although coffee intake is a proposed protective factor for colorectal cancer, current evidence remains inconclusive. METHODS: We investigated the association between coffee consumption and risk of colorectal cancer in 5,145 cases and 4,097 controls from the Molecular Epidemiology of Colorectal Cancer (MECC) study, a population-based case-control study in northern Israel. We also examined this association by type of coffee, by cancer site (colon and rectum), and by ethnic subgroup (Ashkenazi Jews, Sephardi Jews, and Arabs)...
April 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Michelle M S Chen, Wayne S J Boardman, Melissa H Brown
BACKGROUND: Infection with methicillin-resistant staphylococci (MRS) can be life-threatening in humans and its presence in animals is a cause for public health concern. The aim of this study was to measure the prevalence of MRS in captive and free-ranging wallabies over a 16-month period in South Australia, Australia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-nine purified staphylococcal isolates recovered from 98 captive and free-ranging wallabies' anterior nasal swabs were used in this study...
2016: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology
Kate A Worthing, Geoffrey W Coombs, Stanley Pang, Sam Abraham, Sugiyono Saputra, Darren J Trott, David Jordan, Hui San Wong, Rebecca J Abraham, Jacqueline M Norris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Hardy Baumbach, Christian J Rustenbach, Samir Ahad, Ragi Nagib, Marc Albert, Dieter Ratge, Ulrich F W Franke
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation (MECC) is predominantly used in coronary operations. Data supporting the benefits of MECC in minimally invasive valve operations are still absent. METHODS: Patients undergoing either isolated minimally invasive mitral or aortic valve procedures were prospectively randomized to a minimally invasive group (MECC; n = 101) or a conventional extracorporeal circulation group (CECC; n = 99). The procedural and postoperative outcomes were compared, including the levels of inflammation factors (procalcitonin, interleukin [IL]-6, IL-8, and IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α], and interferon-gamma [IFN-γ])...
July 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Ruth Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
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