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Community health, determinants of health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922412/walker-occupancy-has-an-impact-on-changing-airborne-bacterial-communities-in-an-underground-pedestrian-space-as-small-dust-particles-increased-with-raising-both-temperature-and-humidity
#1
Torahiko Okubo, Takako Osaki, Eriko Nozaki, Akira Uemura, Kouhei Sakai, Mizue Matushita, Junji Matsuo, Shinji Nakamura, Shigeru Kamiya, Hiroyuki Yamaguchi
Although human occupancy is a source of airborne bacteria, the role of walkers on bacterial communities in built environments is poorly understood. Therefore, we visualized the impact of walker occupancy combined with other factors (temperature, humidity, atmospheric pressure, dust particles) on airborne bacterial features in the Sapporo underground pedestrian space in Sapporo, Japan. Air samples (n = 18; 4,800L/each sample) were collected at 8:00 h to 20:00 h on 3 days (regular sampling) and at early morning / late night (5:50 h to 7:50 h / 22:15 h to 24:45 h) on a day (baseline sampling), and the number of CFUs (colony forming units) OTUs (operational taxonomic units) and other factors were determined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920072/associations-between-neighborhood-socioeconomic-environment-and-physical-activity-in-cuban-immigrants
#2
Olivia Affuso, Chelsea R Singleton, Scott C Brown, Tatiana Perrino, Shi Huang, José Szapocznik
Physical inactivity is a major public health concern because it is a determinant of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. Few longitudinal studies have examined the association between neighborhood socioeconomic (SES) environment and change in physical activity behaviors. Additionally, few studies have examined this association in immigrant groups or Hispanic subgroups such as Cubans. This research aimed to determine if neighborhood SES is associated with longitudinal change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among Cuban immigrants who participate in the Cuban Health Study in Miami, Florida...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919838/adherence-to-precautions-for-preventing-the-transmission-of-microorganisms-in-primary-health-care-a-qualitative-study
#3
Michely Aparecida Cardoso Maroldi, Adriana Maria da Silva Felix, Ana Angélica Lima Dias, Julia Yaeko Kawagoe, Maria Clara Padoveze, Sílvia Alice Ferreira, Sílvia Helena Zem-Mascarenhas, Stephen Timmons, Rosely Moralez Figueiredo
BACKGROUND: Health care associated infections (HAIs) are a source of concern worldwide. No health service in any country can be considered HAI risk-free. However, there is scarcity of data on the risks to which both patients and health workers are subject in non-hospital settings. The aim of this study was to identify issues that determine the adherence of professionals to precautions for preventing transmission of microorganisms in primary health care. METHOD: This was a qualitative study, using focus groups of primary health care staff, in two Brazilian municipalities...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919432/chronic-pain-and-telomere-length-in-community-dwelling-adults-findings-from-the-1999-2002-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#4
Alta M Steward, Julia D Morgan, Juan P Espinosa, Dennis C Turk, Kushang V Patel
Chronic pain is a common condition associated with psychological distress, functional impairments, and age-associated comorbidity. Preliminary studies, based on relatively small sample sizes, suggest that the combination of chronic pain and stress is associated with telomere shortening, a widely recognized marker of cellular aging. We sought to determine the cross-sectional association of chronic pain with telomere length in 7,816 community-dwelling adults ages 20 and older who participated in the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918766/measuring-and-comparing-hospital-accessibility-for-palm-beach-county-s-elderly-and-nonelderly-populations-during-a-hurricane
#5
Shivangi Prasad
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether, during a hurricane, geographic accessibility to hospitals with emergency care is compromised disproportionately for the elderly than for the nonelderly. METHODS: The locations of hospitals with emergency health care and a subset of those hospitals functional during a hurricane were compared with the distribution of the elderly population at the block group level in Palm Beach County, Florida. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) proximity analysis (minimum distance to closest hospital) and cumulative distribution functions were used to measure and compare hospital accessibility during normal and hurricane conditions for the elderly and nonelderly populations...
September 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918120/moment-by-moment-in-women-s-recovery-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-mindfulness-based-intervention-on-treatment-retention-and-relapse-prevention-among-women-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorder
#6
Hortensia Amaro, David S Black
Although therapeutic treatments exist for substance use disorder (SUD), about half of individuals who enter treatment leave early and relapse to substance use. Early dropout from residential treatment places individuals at risk of relapse, and women in SUD residential treatment represent a vulnerable population. Evidence gaps persist for the use of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) among racially and ethnically diverse women with SUDs, especially regarding the efficacy of MBIs adapted to prevent residential dropout and relapse...
September 13, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917522/does-physical-activity-change-following-hip-and-knee-replacement-matched-case-control-study-evaluating-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative
#7
T O Smith, M Mansfield, J Dainty, G Hilton, C J V Mann, C M Sackley
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether physical activity measured using the Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE), changes during the initial 24 months post-total hip (THR) or knee replacement (TKR), and how this compares to a matched non-arthroplasty cohort. DESIGN: Case-controlled study analysis of a prospectively collected dataset. SETTING: USA community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 116 people post-THR, 105 people post-TKR compared to 663 people who had not undergone THR or TKR, or had hip or knee osteoarthritis...
September 13, 2017: Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916949/the-latina-birth-weight-paradox-the-role-of-subjective-social-status
#8
Jill Fleuriet, Thankam Sunil
The purpose of this project was to quantitatively test differences in subjective social status scores between non-pregnant and pregnant women to determine the role of subjective social status in birth weight variation between Mexico-born and US-born Mexican-American women. Six hundred low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American women in south Texas were surveyed for subjective social status, depression, perceived social stress, parity, and pregnancy intendedness. Psychosocial health variables, parity, and pregnancy intendedness were included due to their significant associations with low birth weight...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915164/organizational-and-environmental-factors-influencing-hospital-community-orientation
#9
JʼAime C Jennings, Amy Y Landry, Larry R Hearld, Robert Weech-Maldonado, Scott W Snyder, Patricia A Patrician
BACKGROUND: Community orientation refers to hospitals' efforts to assess and meet the health needs of the local population. Variations in the number of community orientation-related activities offered by hospitals may be attributed to differences in organizational and environmental characteristics. Therefore, hospitals have to strategically respond to these internal and external constraints to improve community health. Understanding the facilitators and barriers of hospital community orientation is important to health care managers facing pressure from the external environment to meet the expectations of the community as well as Affordable Care Act guidelines...
September 15, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915113/causative-factors-for-sexual-and-reproductive-health-status-of-pregnant-adolescent-girls-in-urban-communities-of-lagos-nigeria
#10
Yetunde A Kuyinu, Toriola T Femi-Adebayo, Babatunde A Odugbemi, Elochukwu E Ukatu
Background The overall goal of this study was to determine the causative factors for pregnancy status in adolescent girls in two communities in the Lagos Island local government area. Methods A mixed methods (quantitative and qualitative) study reviewing routine health facility antenatal care (ANC) records and conducting focus group discussions among 46 pregnant adolescents, exploring their views about sex, contraception, pregnancy and sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services, was carried out. Key informant interviews were also carried out among healthcare workers and community members to assess their perceptions of adolescents' SRH problems...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915061/prevalence-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-and-herbal-remedy-use-in-hispanic-and-non-hispanic-white-women-results-from-the-study-of-women-s-health-across-the-nation
#11
Robin R Green, Nanette Santoro, Amanda A Allshouse, Genevieve Neal-Perry, Carol Derby
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use, including botanical/herbal remedies, among Hispanic and non-Hispanic white women from the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN), New Jersey site. We also examined whether attitudes toward CAM and communication of its use to providers differed for Hispanic and non-Hispanic women. STUDY DESIGN: SWAN is a community-based, multiethnic cohort study of midlife women...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914122/improving-health-in-prisons-from-evidence-to-policy-to-implementation-experiences-from-the-uk
#12
Jane Leaman, Anna Amelia Richards, Lynn Emslie, Eamonn Joseph O'Moore
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to understand the components of a high-quality prison healthcare system and the impact, ten-years on, of the transfer of accountability in England, from a justice ministry to a health ministry. Design/methodology/approach A rapid the evidence review was undertaken, which included a review of 82 papers and qualitative interviews with key informants. The concepts and themes identified were summarised and analysed through a framework analysis, designed to improve population outcomes and address health inequalities...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914121/evidence-based-recommendations-to-improve-reproductive-healthcare-for-incarcerated-women
#13
Andrea Knittel, Angeline Ti, Sarah Schear, Megan Comfort
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe standards for evidence-based reproductive healthcare for incarcerated women. Design/methodology/approach The literature on reproductive healthcare in the US criminal justice system and recommendations from professional organizations were reviewed and critical areas of concern were identified. Within these areas, studies and expert opinion were synthesized and policy recommendations were formulated through an iterative process of group discussion and document revision...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914117/making-the-case-for-innovative-reentry-employment-programs-previously-incarcerated-women-as-birth-doulas-a-case-study
#14
Monica R McLemore, Zakeya Warner Hand
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to make a case for novel and innovative reentry programs focused on women of color and to describe policy recommendations that are necessary to support the sustainability of these programs and in turn the success of the women who participate in them. Design/methodology/approach A review and analysis of the literature that described job-training opportunities specifically targeted to women exiting jail and the impact on recidivism provided limited information. The authors developed, implemented, and evaluated doula training program for low-income and women of color to determine if birth work could provide stable income and decrease recidivism...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913937/healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-neglect-of-older-people-in-mexico-a-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#15
Billy A Caceres, Linda Bub, Maria Isabel Negrete, Liliana Giraldo Rodríguez, Allison P Squires
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe healthcare professionals' perceptions of neglect of older people in Mexico. BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of older people, particularly neglect, has emerged as a significant public health concern worldwide. However, few studies have been conducted to examine neglect of older people in low- and middle-income countries. Most research has focused on estimating the prevalence of neglect in older populations with little emphasis on the perceptions of healthcare professionals and their role in addressing neglect of older people...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913911/older-adults-awareness-of-deprescribing-a-population-based-survey
#16
Justin P Turner, Cara Tannenbaum
OBJECTIVES: To determine older adults' awareness of the concept of medication-induced harm and their familiarity with the term "deprescribing." Secondary objectives were to ascertain determinants of self-initiated deprescribing conversations and to identify how older adults seek information on medication harms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based household telephone survey using random-digit dialling. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling adults aged 65 and older (N = 2,665; n = 898 men, n = 1,767 women, mean age 74...
September 15, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913863/neighborhood-predictors-of-intimate-partner-violence-a-theory-informed-analysis-using-hierarchical-linear-modeling
#17
Laura A Voith, Michael J Brondino
Due to high prevalence rates and deleterious effects on individuals, families, and communities, intimate partner violence (IPV) is a significant public health problem. Because IPV occurs in the context of communities and neighborhoods, research must examine the broader environment in addition to individual-level factors to successfully facilitate behavior change. Drawing from the Social Determinants of Health framework and Social Disorganization Theory, neighborhood predictors of IPV were tested using hierarchical linear modeling...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913591/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-towards-cystic-echinococcosis-in-livestock-among-selected-pastoral-and-agro-pastoral-communities-in-uganda
#18
Leonard Omadang, Martin Chamai, Emmanuel Othieno, Andrew Okwi, Francis Olaki Inangolet, Francis Ejobi, Peter Oba, Michael Ocaido
A cross-sectional study was done from March 2013 to May 2014 to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards cystic echinococcosis (CE) or hydatidosis among selected pastoral and agro-pastoral communities in Uganda. A structured questionnaire was administered to 381 respondents. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was done to find the relationship between knowledge about CE and factors such as age, sex, and level of education across all regions. The odds ratio and confidence interval were used to determine the difference in responses across regions...
September 14, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912949/a-comprehensive-analysis-on-child-mortality-and-its-determinants-in-bangladesh-using-frailty-models
#19
Jahidur Rahman Khan, Nabil Awan
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has experienced a significant reduction of child mortality over the past decades which helped achieve the Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4) target. But the mortality among under-5 aged children is still relatively high and it needs a substantial effort to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target and decelerate the current rate of under-5 mortality. At this stage, it is hence important to explore the trend and determinants of under-5 mortality in order to reduce the vulnerability of child's survival...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911150/provider-and-site-level-determinants-of-testosterone-prescribing-in-the-veterans-healthcare-system
#20
Guneet K Jasuja, Shalender Bhasin, Adam J Rose, Joel I Reisman, Joseph T Hanlon, Donald R Miller, Anthony P Morreale, Leonard M Pogach, Francesca E Cunningham, Angela Park, Renda S Wiener, Allen L Gifford, Dan R Berlowitz
Context: Testosterone prescribing rates have increased substantially in the past decade. However, little is known about the context within which such prescriptions occur. Objective: We evaluated provider- and site-level determinants of receipt of testosterone and of guideline-concordant testosterone prescribing. Design: This study was cross-sectional in design. Setting: This study was conducted at the Veterans Health Administration (VA)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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