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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214994/cancelled-primary-care-appointments-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-diabetic-patients
#1
Sara McComb, Zhiyi Tian, Laura Sands, Ayten Turkcan, Lingsong Zhang, Shree Frazier, Mark Lawley
Patients scheduled for primary care appointments often cancel or no show. For diabetic patients, nonattendance can affect continuity of care and result in higher emergency department (ED) and hospital use. Nonattendance also impacts appointment scheduling, patient access, and clinic work load. While no show has received significant attention, little research has addressed the prevalence and impact of appointment cancellation. Data on 46,710 appointments for 7586 adult diabetic patients was used to conduct a prospective cohort study examining primary care appointment behavior...
April 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214910/-knowledge-attitudes-and-training-needs-of-residents-in-preventive-medicine-and-hygiene-in-italy-in-the-context-of-primary-health-care
#2
Paola Camia, Viola Amprino, Paola Anello, Valentina Bonanno, Fulvio Lonati, Michela Longone, Cristina Mauceri, Tiziana Marzulli, Laura Pisanu, Rossella Zucco, Concetta Randazzo
In June 2015, the working group "Primary Health Care" of the Italian Society of Hygiene Representatives of Hygiene and Preventive Medicine Residents, performed an online questionnaire survey among residents of this specialty in Italy, to analyze their training needs regarding primary health care. In total, 730 residents in 32 schools were invited to participate by email, of whom 40.7% (297/730) completed the questionnaire. Most of the respondents were female (66.7%) and 40.1% were enrolled in a school in northern Italy...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214907/a-pilot-study-of-bacterial-regrowth-in-water-pipelines
#3
Laura Mancini, Stefania Marcheggiani, Cinzia Grasso, Cristina Romanelli, Antonio Mistretta, Marina Marranzano
Bacterial regrowth in water distribution systems results in deterioration of bacteriological quality of drinking water, as well as accelerated corrosion of the pipelines. The aim of the present study was to analyze the phenomena of colonization and bacterial regrowth in source water and in the water distribution systems of three distribution networks in the province of Catania (Sicily, Italy). The BART™ (Biological Activity Reaction Test) method was used, which is also capable of determining the potential aggressiveness of microbial species in water...
November 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214767/exploring-relations-among-mindfulness-facets-and-various-meditation-practices-do-they-work-in-different-ways
#4
Ausiàs Cebolla, Daniel Campos, Laura Galiana, Amparo Oliver, Jose Manuel Tomás, Albert Feliu-Soler, Joaquim Soler, Javier García-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo, Rosa María Baños
Several meditation practices are associated with mindfulness-based interventions but little is known about their specific effects on the development of different mindfulness facets. This study aimed to assess the relations among different practice variables, types of meditation, and mindfulness facets. The final sample was composed of 185 participants who completed an on-line survey, including information on the frequency and duration of each meditation practice, lifetime practice, and the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire...
February 16, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214737/identification-of-non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-use-disorder-a-case-report
#5
Margo E Godersky, Laura K Vercammen, Alicia S Ventura, Alexander Y Walley, Richard Saitz
Commonly used for analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are among the most frequently used medications in the world. In spite of their prevalence, reports of NSAID misuse and NSAID use disorder are uncommon. This case report describes a research participant who met criteria for DSM-5 moderate substance use disorder based on her use of prescribed ibuprofen as assessed by the validated Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). This case demonstrates that the DSM-5 criteria within the MINI can be applied to diagnose an NSAID use disorder...
February 9, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214728/lipid-signalling-mediated-by-pld-pa-modulates-proline-and-h2o2-levels-in-barley-seedlings-exposed-to-short-and-long-term-chilling-stress
#6
Micaela Peppino Margutti, Matias Reyna, María Verónica Meringer, Graciela E Racagni, Ana Laura Villasuso
Phospholipase D (PLD) hydrolyses phospholipids to yield phosphatidic acid (PA) and a head group, and is involved in responses to a variety of environmental stresses, including chilling and freezing stress. Barley responses to chilling stress (induced by incubating seedlings at 4 °C) are dynamic and the duration of stress, either short (0-180 min) or long-term (24-36 h) had a significant impact on the response. We investigated the roles of PLD/PA in responses of barley (Hordeum vulgare) seedlings to short and long-term chilling stress, based on regulation of proline and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels...
February 10, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214708/evaluating-the-role-of-smokeless-tobacco-use-indices-as-brief-measures-of-dependence
#7
Nasir Mushtaq, Laura A Beebe
INTRODUCTION: There is considerable interest in using brief measures of dependence for evaluation and treatment of tobacco dependence. The Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI) is a validated measure of dependence among cigarette smokers. However, a similar index has not been studied among ST users. The aim of this study is to develop similar ST use indices and evaluate their utility as concise dependence measures. Time to first chew/dip of the day (TTFD), number of cans of ST used per week (CPW), and number of dips/chews per day (DPD) were used to create three ST use indices; heaviness of ST use index (HSTI), ST dependence index (STDI), and ST quantity frequency index (ST-QFI)...
February 10, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214579/motor-training-and-the-combination-of-action-observation-and-peripheral-nerve-stimulation-reciprocally-interfere-with-the-plastic-changes-induced-in-primary-motor-cortex-excitability
#8
Ambra Bisio, Laura Avanzino, Monica Biggio, Piero Ruggeri, Marco Bove
AO-PNS is a stimulation protocol combining action observation (AO) and peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) to induce plasticity in the primary motor cortex (M1) (increased excitability). Another method to increase M1 excitability is motor training. The combination of two protocols, which individually induce long-term potentiation (LTP)-like plasticity in overlapping neural circuits, results in a transitory occlusion or reverse of this phenomenon. This study aimed to understand the neurophysiological mechanisms underlying AO-PNS by testing whether AO-PNS and motor training induced LTP-like plasticity in, at least partially, overlapping neural networks...
February 15, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214540/cognitive-performance-of-male-and-female-c57bl-6j-mice-after-repetitive-concussive-brain-injuries
#9
Alexander G Velosky, Laura B Tucker, Amanda H Fu, Jiong Liu, Joseph T McCabe
In contact sports, repetitive concussive brain injury (rCBI) is the prevalent form of head injury seen in athletes. The need for effective treatment is urgent as rCBI has been associated with a host of cognitive, behavioral and neurological complaints. There has been a growing trend in the use of female animals in pre-clinical research, but few studies have investigated possible sex differences following rCBI. The goal of the current study was to determine any differences between male and female C57BL/6J mice on assessments of learning and memory after repetitive concussive injury...
February 15, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214257/a-comparison-of-two-dosing-regimens-of-asa-following-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasties
#10
Michael J Feldstein, Sara L Low, Antonia F Chen, Laura A Woodward, William J Hozack
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare short-term side effects of aspirin (ASA) 325 mg vs ASA 81 mg orally twice daily (PO BID) when used as thromboembolic prophylaxis following primary total joint arthroplasty. METHODS: A 1-year prospective cohort study was performed on 643 primary unilateral total joint arthroplasty patients operated on by a single surgeon. Two hundred eighty-two patients were administered ASA 325 mg PO BID and 361 patients were administered ASA 81 mg PO BID for 1 month...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214225/a-relay-pathway-between-arginine-and-tryptophan-metabolism-confers-immunosuppressive-properties-on-dendritic-cells
#11
Giada Mondanelli, Roberta Bianchi, Maria Teresa Pallotta, Ciriana Orabona, Elisa Albini, Alberta Iacono, Maria Laura Belladonna, Carmine Vacca, Francesca Fallarino, Antonio Macchiarulo, Stefano Ugel, Vincenzo Bronte, Federica Gevi, Lello Zolla, Auke Verhaar, Maikel Peppelenbosch, Emilia Maria Cristina Mazza, Silvio Bicciato, Yasmina Laouar, Laura Santambrogio, Paolo Puccetti, Claudia Volpi, Ursula Grohmann
Arginase 1 (Arg1) and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) are immunoregulatory enzymes catalyzing the degradation of l-arginine and l-tryptophan, respectively, resulting in local amino acid deprivation. In addition, unlike Arg1, IDO1 is also endowed with non-enzymatic signaling activity in dendritic cells (DCs). Despite considerable knowledge of their individual biology, no integrated functions of Arg1 and IDO1 have been reported yet. We found that IDO1 phosphorylation and consequent activation of IDO1 signaling in DCs was strictly dependent on prior expression of Arg1 and Arg1-dependent production of polyamines...
February 13, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214223/evaluation-of-a-field-test-for-antibodies-against-chlamydia-trachomatis-during-trachoma-surveillance-in-nepal
#12
Michelle J Sun, Andrea I Zambrano, Laura Dize, Beatriz Munoz, Sarah Gwyn, Sailesh Mishra, Diana L Martin, Shekhar Sharma, Sheila K West
PURPOSE: Testing for antibodies to Chlamydia trachomatis has potential as a surveillance tool. Our evaluation compares lateral flow assays (LFAs) during surveillance surveys in Nepal with Multiplex bead array (MBA). Fifty children were randomly sampled from each of 15 random clusters in two districts of Nepal. Finger prick blood samples were collected from 1509 children and tested onsite for anti-Pgp3 antibodies by LFA. The LFA was read at 30min as negative, positive, or invalid. Tests results were also rated as difficult to read ("equivocal")...
January 17, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214176/sex-differences-in-prolactin-levels-in-emerging-psychosis-indication-for-enhanced-stress-reactivity-in-women
#13
Sarah Ittig, Erich Studerus, Ulrike Heitz, Stephanie Menghini-Müller, Katharina Beck, Laura Egloff, Letizia Leanza, Christina Andreou, Anita Riecher-Rössler
BACKGROUND: Hyperprolactinemia is a known side effect of antipsychotics. In recent reports it has also been shown in antipsychotic-naïve at-risk mental state (ARMS) and first-episode psychosis (FEP) patients. Prolactin is not only involved in reproduction and lactation, but is also synthesized in response to stress. As stress is thought to play an important role in the onset and relapse of schizophrenia, the aim of this study was to further elucidate the influence of prolactin in emerging psychosis...
February 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214167/psychometric-evaluation-and-design-of-patient-centered-communication-measures-for-cancer-care-settings
#14
Bryce B Reeve, David M Thissen, Carla M Bann, Nicole Mack, Katherine Treiman, Hanna K Sanoff, Nancy Roach, Brooke E Magnus, Jason He, Laura K Wagner, Rebecca Moultrie, Kathryn D Jackson, Courtney Mann, Lauren A McCormack
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of questions that assess patient perceptions of patient-provider communication and design measures of patient-centered communication (PCC). METHODS: Participants (adults with colon or rectal cancer living in North Carolina) completed a survey at 2 to 3 months post-diagnosis. The survey included 87 questions in six PCC Functions: Exchanging Information, Fostering Health Relationships, Making Decisions, Responding to Emotions, Enabling Patient Self-Management, and Managing Uncertainty...
February 10, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214074/subspecialty-training-and-certification-in-geriatric-psychiatry-a-25-year-overview
#15
Dorthea Juul, Christopher C Colenda, Jeffrey M Lyness, Laura B Dunn, Rita Hargrave, Larry R Faulkner
: The Institute of Medicine estimated that by 2030, from 10.1 to 14.4 million Americans aged 65 years or older will have mental health or substance use disorders. This article reviews the history and current status of training, certification, and practice in geriatric psychiatry against the backdrop of this "silver tsunami." The American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology (ABPN) administered the first subspecialty examination in geriatric psychiatry in 1991, and through 2015 3,329 certificates were awarded...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214005/-review-of-national-and-international-guidelines-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-and-complementary-axillary-dissection-in-breast-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Laura Vincent, François Margueritte, Jennifer Uzan, Clémentine Owen, Julien Seror, Nicolas Pouget, Eugénie Guillot, Roman Rouzier
Management of breast cancer is based on national and international guidelines. These are defined on evidence-based medicine. The main purpose of this review is to compare the different guidelines for sentinel lymph node biopsy and completion axillary dissection after positive sentinel lymph node biopsy. This review of breast cancer guidelines led to identify consensus, but in some specific situations, they differ. The guidelines cannot be applied to all clinical cases, mandatoring multidisciplinary meetings are essential...
February 14, 2017: Bulletin du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213954/human-herpes-virus-6-infection-in-pediatric-organ-transplant-patients
#17
Elisa Ylinen, Silja Lehtinen, Timo Jahnukainen, Teemu Karlsson, Raisa Loginov, Laura Mannonen, Irmeli Lautenschlager, Hannu Jalanko
Transplant patients need lifelong immunosuppressive medication, but this reduces their defense mechanisms, making them prone to viral infections and reactivations. We aimed to clarify the prevalence and clinical manifestations of the human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) infection in children after pediatric solid organ transplants. Clinical findings and viral loads were compared between primary HHV-6 infections and reactivations. The study comprised 47 kidney, 25 liver, and 12 heart transplant patients who underwent surgery from 2009 to 2014...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213884/-physician-wellness-as-published-in-academic-psychiatry
#18
EDITORIAL
Alan K Louie, Mickey T Trockel, Richard Balon, John H Coverdale, Eugene V Beresin, Adam M Brenner, Anthony P S Guerrero, Laura Weiss Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 17, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213826/diagnostic-yield-of-ct-urography-in-the-evaluation-of-hematuria-in-young-patients-in-a-military-population
#19
Laura R Mace, Terrel L Galloway, Andrew Ma, Richard S Montgomery, Ryan C Rockhill, William W Reynolds, Robert M Marks
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic yield of a computed tomography urography (CTU) study in patients less than 50 years of age, who have a history of military service, and who are at increased risk of urological cancers secondary to harmful practices and work-related exposures. METHODS: 137 Consecutive patients who underwent CTU between 2012 and 2013 for new onset of hematuria were included. Initial review of the clinical interpretations of the CTU studies grouped the studies into negative and positive exams for any urological findings...
February 17, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213740/predictors-of-institutionalization-among-home-dwelling-older-finnish-people-a-22-year-follow-up-study
#20
Marika Salminen, Jenni Vire, Laura Viikari, Tero Vahlberg, Hannu Isoaho, Aapo Lehtonen, Matti Viitanen, Seija Arve, Sini Eloranta
BACKGROUND: Identification of predictive factors on institutionalization provides the basis for the development and application of preadmission assessment. There is a lack of evidence for predictors of institutionalization for older people. AIMS: To examine the effect of predictive factors on institutionalization in home-dwelling 70-year-old people. METHODS: The data were collected in 1991 by the clinical examinations, a postal questionnaire, and an interview from the residents of Turku, Finland, born in 1920 (n = 1032)...
February 17, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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