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O Roche, C Orssaud, D Germain, J-L Dufier
Fabry's disease is a rare X-linked inborn error of glycosphingolipid metabolism characterised by an abnormal lipid storage due to a defect of lysozomal alphagalactosidase. The consequence is a storage of glycosphingolipides in all tissues. This storage in vessels's endothelial cells is responsible, in males, for severe ischemic lesions leading to progressive kidney failure, cardiac and cerebral dysfunctions. Similarly, it involves ocular tissues, mainly the cornea, the conjunctiva and the lens. The corneal storage, known as cornea verticillata, is a clinical marker easy to recognize by slit lamp examination of the affected males and carrier females...
July 2007: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
M Larrégue, D Trincal, J M Bressieux, T Fusade, J Tanzer, C Menguy
Heterozygous Fabry's disease has an inconstant expression and very few complications. The theory of X-chromosome inactivation which, according to Lyon, occurs hazardly, is illustrated by the fact that the disease is expressed even in hemizygous women. Ophthalmic manifestations, as detected by the slit lamp method, are almost constant, 80 p. 100 of women with the disease having a verticillate cornea. Angiokeratoma is present in 20 p. 100 of the cases. Episodes of paraesthesia of the hands and feet are less common; in most cases they are attributed to the disease retrospectively, during family investigations...
1991: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
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