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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314869/-operative-treatment-of-terrible-triad-injury-of-the-elbow-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation
#1
R Babst, C Schraner, F J P Beeres
AIM OF SURGERY: Reconstruction of the most important ligamentous and osseus structures of the elbow after terrible triad injury via the radial head to the lateral collateral ligament complex (LCL) and if necessary beginning at the coronoid process. The aim is a stable concentrically guided elbow with early functional follow-up treatment. The approach depends on the intraoperatively tested stability. INDICATIONS: Osteoligamentous terrible triad injury pattern with or without subluxation position following reduction and temporary immobilization...
March 17, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291438/isokinetic-evaluation-of-wrist-muscle-strength-in-patients-of-carpal-tunnel-syndrome
#2
Mehmet Ağırman, Adnan Kara, Oğuz Durmuş, İlknur Saral, Engin Çakar
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the isokinetic characteristics of wrist strength in flexion, extension, supination, pronation, radial, and ulnar deviation in patients with moderate or severe carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirteen patients (23 hands) (2 males, 11 females; mean age 45 years; range 29 to 60 years) with moderate or severe CTS were compared to six healthy control subjects (12 hands) (2 males, 4 females; mean age 41 years; range 27 to 63 years) in this study, which was conducted between January 2016 and April 2016...
April 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284968/recrudescence-of-symptoms-of-remote-ischemic-stroke-after-a-cerebral-angiogram-report-of-a-case
#3
Stephanie R Falatko, Philip G R Schmalz, Mark Harrigan
BACKGROUND: Recrudescence, or reappearance of previously resolved symptoms of ischemic stroke, may occur after physiological stress. Although this syndrome is generally thought to be uncommon, it may actually account for a significant proportion of stroke mimics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 67-year-old man was admitted with a Hunt-Hess grade II spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage. He underwent a digital subtraction cerebral angiogram as part of his imaging evaluation. About 30 minutes after the procedure, he developed dysarthria, right facial droop and a right pronator drift...
March 8, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284770/point-of-care-ultrasonography-to-assist-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-subluxation-of-the-radial-head-in-pediatric-patients-a-case-series
#4
Faruk Güngör, Taylan Kılıç
BACKGROUND: A subluxation of the radial head (SRH) is a clinical condition that commonly occurs in children under 6 years of age. History and physical examination findings typically include a child who presents with an elbow held in extension and with forearm pronation, after having suffered significant longitudinal traction on the arm, or after a fall on an outstretched hand. The diagnosis is often clinically obvious. The injury responds dramatically to closed reduction, and usually no imaging is required...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278379/tibial-tuberosity-anteromedialization-for-patellofemoral-chondral-disease
#5
Federica Rosso, Roberto Rossi, Giorgio Governale, Antongiulio Marmotti, Valeria Cherubini, Umberto Cottino, Davide Edoardo Bonasia
BACKGROUND: Tibial tuberosity anteromedialization (TTA) is a well-established treatment option for patellofemoral chondral disease that is resistant to nonoperative treatment. However, the prognostic factors of this procedure are unknown. PURPOSE: To analyze the prognostic factors correlated with the midterm outcomes of TTA for patellofemoral chondral disease and determine the survivorship. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: Indications of TTA for chondral disease included skeletal maturity, age <65 years, <grade 3 Kellgren-Lawrence degeneration, and isolated patellofemoral pain for ≥6 months despite nonoperative treatment...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269544/classification-of-forearm-and-finger-motions-using-electromyogram-and-arm-shape-changes
#6
Yuhei Kamei, Shima Okada
Robot arms for humanoid are widely developed for medical, welfare and education use. Surface electromyogram (sEMG) signals which are the electrical signals obtained from surface of human skin using electrodes have been mainly used for classification of hand motions. However, it is difficult to classify detailed motions such as finger motions and wrist pronation or supination. Moreover, Kinect is an integration sensor device which can capture human joints movement. It also has been widely used for recognition of body motions in many fields...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269380/hand-motion-recognition-based-on-forearm-deformation-measured-with-a-distance-sensor-array
#7
Sung-Gwi Cho, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Kohei Baba, Kazunori Ogawa, Jun Takamatsu, Tsukasa Ogasawara
Studies of upper limb motion analysis using surface electromyogram (sEMG) signals measured from the forearm plays an important role in various applications, such as human interfaces for controlling robotic exoskeletons, prosthetic hands, and evaluation of body functions. Though the sEMG signals have a lot of information about the activities of the muscles, the signals do not have the activities of the deep layer muscles. We focused on forearm deformation, since hand motion brings the muscles, tendons, and skeletons under the skin...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262282/a-survey-of-extensor-pollicis-longus-tendon-injury-at-the-time-of-distal-radius-fractures
#8
Kiyohito Naito, Yoichi Sugiyama, Thitinut Dilokhuttakarn, Mayuko Kinoshita, Kenji Goto, Kentaro Aritomi, Yoshiyuki Iwase, Kazuo Kaneko
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the presence or absence, incidence, and degree of extensor pollicis longus (EPL) tendon injury by visual confirmation of the EPL at the time of osteosynthesis for distal radius fractures. METHODS: The subjects were 25 patients (5 males and 20 females; mean age: 56 years) with distal radius fracture that had a dorsal roof fragment. During osteosynthesis using a volar locking plate, the third compartment was exposed in order to determine the EPL injury...
February 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260178/combined-open-bipolar-monteggia-and-galeazzi-fracture-a-case-report-with-a-1-year-follow-up
#9
Christos Koutserimpas, Georg Tsironis, Antonios Salasidis, Phillipp Swatoch, Konstantin Tsironis
Monteggia and Galeazzi fractures account for 1-5% of total forearm fractures. A combined Monteggia and Galeazzi fracture is an extremely rare injury. We present a case of a Gustillo-Henderson type 2 open combined bipolar Monteggia and Galeazzi fracture, as well as fracture of the ulnar coronoid process in a 49-year old male. The patient was treated surgically, with open reduction and internal fixation. At 6 months postoperative, he was diagnosed with pseudarthrosis and underwent surgery with autologous bone grafting from the iliac crest...
March 4, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259028/influence-of-foot-posture-on-the-functioning-of-the-windlass-mechanism
#10
Rachel Lucas, Mark Cornwall
The absence of a functioning windlass mechanism may delay re-supination of the foot during locomotion and put excess stress on the mid-tarsal joint and soft tissues of the foot. The purpose of this study was to describe the foot posture of individuals that have an impaired or absent windlass mechanism. Forty-seven individuals (34 females and 13 males) with a mean age of 26 years were recruited to participate in this study. The Foot Posture Index was used to visually assess the posture of both feet. In addition, a digital gauge was used to measure dorsal arch height and midfoot width in bilateral resting standing...
January 17, 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257487/cone-beam-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-the-maxillofacial-features-of-patients-with-unilateral-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-undergoing-condylar-reconstruction-with-an-autogenous-coronoid-process-graft
#11
Li Liu, Jiayang Li, Huanzhong Ji, Nian Zhang, Yiyao Wang, Guangning Zheng, Hu Wang, En Luo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in the jaws and the upper airways of unilateral temporomandibular joint ankylosis patients who underwent condylar reconstruction via autogenous coronoid process grafts using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). STUDY DESIGN: The 27 included patients underwent CBCT examinations at three stages: T0 (within two weeks before surgery), T1 (two weeks after surgery), and T2 (an average of 13 months after surgery). Forty items related to the maxillofacial hard tissues and the upper airway collected at the three times and the coronoid process graft volumes after surgery were compared...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256245/effects-of-medially-posted-insoles-on-foot-and-lower-limb-mechanics-across-walking-and-running-in-overpronating-men
#12
Jukka Kosonen, Juha-Pekka Kulmala, Erich Müller, Janne Avela
Anti-pronation orthoses, like medially posted insoles (MPI), have traditionally been used to treat various of lower limb problems. Yet, we know surprisingly little about their effects on overall foot motion and lower limb mechanics across walking and running, which represent highly different loading conditions. To address this issue, multi-segment foot and lower limb mechanics was examined among 11 overpronating men with normal (NORM) and MPI insoles during walking (self-selected speed 1.70±0.19m/s vs 1.72±0...
February 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252304/-successful-ovarian-tissue-transplantation-in-woman-with-premature-ovarian-failure-after-gonadotoxic-treatment
#13
T Mardešić, L Jelínková, L Melicharová
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate successful restoration of ovarian function after ovarian transplantation in young woman with premature ovarian failure after gonadotoxic treatment of breast carcinoma and to discuss its possibilities. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Sanatorium Pronatal, Prague. CASE REPORT: We demonstrate successful ovarian transplantation and restoration of ovarian function in 33 years old woman after cryopreservation of ovarian tissue performed before chemotherapy and radiotherapy of breast carcinoma and discuss possibilities of this approach in women diagnosed with cancer and subsequent risk of ovarian silure...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246046/a-comparison-of-minimally-invasive-approach-vs-conventional-approach-for-volar-plating-of-distal-radial-fractures
#14
Xu Zhang, Xiangye Huang, Xinzhong Shao, Hongwei Zhu, Jianxin Sun, Xianhui Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to introduce and to evaluate the functional results of volar plating of distal radial fractures through a longitudinal minimally invasive approach. METHODS: From January 2010 to January 2013, 157 patients with distal radial fractures were randomly allocated to group A (n = 83; 49 men, 34 women; mean age: 42 (18-67)) and B (n = 74; 46 men, 28 women; mean age: 41 (22-65)), including type A2, A3, B3, C1, and C2 fractures, based on AO Foundation and Orthopaedic Trauma Association Classification...
February 25, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236570/arthroscopic-ablation-of-an-osteoid-osteoma-of-the-elbow-a-case-series-with-a-minimum-of-18-months-follow-up
#15
Reza Shahryar Kamrani, Amirhossein Moradi, Arash Sharafat Vaziri, Mohammad Hossein Nabian, Bahareh Ghane
BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic excision of an osteoid osteoma was first reported in the knee joint; since then, there have been several reports of arthroscopic excisions in the knee, shoulder, and elbow, with inconclusive outcomes because of a limited number of cases. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the medium-term functional effects of arthroscopic ablation in cases of an osteoid osteoma around the elbow. METHODS: We treated osteoid osteoma of the elbow through arthroscopic ablation in 10 patients...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236561/normative-data-on-functional-grip-strength-of-elderly-in-singapore
#16
Ita Suzana Mat Jais, Kai Li Chan, Mun Kitt Austin Loke, Saleem Abdul Rahim, Shian Chao Tay
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study for clinical measurement. INTRODUCTION: Most daily tasks require individuals to exert grip strength with torque, which can be challenging for elderly as their strength diminishes with age. We postulate that to assess the functional capacity of an individual, it is important to evaluate the functional grip strength instead of the maximal static grip strength. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The objective of this cross-sectional study is to establish normative data for the functional grip strength of elderly aged 60 years and older in the Singapore population...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227799/classification-of-forearm-and-finger-motions-using-electromyogram-and-arm-shape-changes
#17
Yuhei Kamei, Shima Okada, Yuhei Kamei, Shima Okada, Yuhei Kamei, Shima Okada
Robot arms for humanoid are widely developed for medical, welfare and education use. Surface electromyogram (sEMG) signals which are the electrical signals obtained from surface of human skin using electrodes have been mainly used for classification of hand motions. However, it is difficult to classify detailed motions such as finger motions and wrist pronation or supination. Moreover, Kinect is an integration sensor device which can capture human joints movement. It also has been widely used for recognition of body motions in many fields...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227623/hand-motion-recognition-based-on-forearm-deformation-measured-with-a-distance-sensor-array
#18
Sung-Gwi Cho, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Kohei Baba, Kazunori Ogawa, Jun Takamatsu, Tsukasa Ogasawara, Sung-Gwi Cho, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Kohei Baba, Kazunori Ogawa, Jun Takamatsu, Tsukasa Ogasawara, Sung-Gwi Cho, Jun Takamatsu, Masahiro Yoshikawa, Kazunori Ogawa, Tsukasa Ogasawara, Kohei Baba
Studies of upper limb motion analysis using surface electromyogram (sEMG) signals measured from the forearm plays an important role in various applications, such as human interfaces for controlling robotic exoskeletons, prosthetic hands, and evaluation of body functions. Though the sEMG signals have a lot of information about the activities of the muscles, the signals do not have the activities of the deep layer muscles. We focused on forearm deformation, since hand motion brings the muscles, tendons, and skeletons under the skin...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208956/a-comprehensive-study-of-internal-distraction-plating-an-alternative-method-for-distal-radius-fractures
#19
Mohit J Jain, Kinjal J Mavani
INTRODUCTION: The management of highly comminuted distal radius fractures still remains a major treatment challenge. Articular comminution and compromised bone quality are the culprits. One novel approach is the technique of Internal Distraction Plating which involves "bridging" the fracture with the use of a standard 3.5mm plate applied dorsally in distraction from the radius, proximal to the fracture, to the long finger metacarpal distally, bypassing the comminuted segment. The plate is removed once fracture union has been achieved...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205463/peripheral-nerve-lymphomatosis
#20
Tun-Lin Foo, Ryan Yak, Mark E Puhaindran
Lymphoma involvement of peripheral nerves is rare and it may mimic benign neurogenic tumors or neuropraxic injury. This study presents three patterns of presentations in four patients with neurolymphomatous involvement of their peripheral nerves. We reviewed the clinical records of four patients who underwent exploratory brachial plexus surgery (n = 1), pronator tunnel decompression (n = 1) and peripheral nerve exploration (n = 2) and subsequently found to have neurolymphomatosis (NL). Histological diagnoses were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (n = 3) and NK/T-cell lymphoma (n = 1)...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
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