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Xiaodong Ni, Shengxian Fan, Yongliang Zhang, Zhiming Wang, Lan Ding, Yousheng Li, Jieshou Li
Since its introduction as an alternative intestinal microbiota alteration approach, fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has been increasingly used as a treatment of choice for patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), but no reports exist regarding FMT via percutaneous endoscopic cecostomy (PEC). This report describes the case of a 24-year-old man with a 7-year history of recurrent, steroid-dependent UC. He received FMT via PEC once per day for 1 month in the hospital. After the remission of gastrointestinal symptoms, he was discharged from the hospital and continued FMT via PEC twice per week for 3 months at home...
June 13, 2016: Gut and Liver
Roberto A Gomez-Suarez, Michelle Gomez-Mendez, John K Petty, John E Fortunato
OBJECTIVE: Determine clinical and manometric parameters associated with success of antegrade continence enemas (ACEs) administered via cecostomy in the treatment of constipation and fecal overflow incontinence. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of clinical symptoms and manometry (colonic and anorectal) before cecostomy in 40 pediatric patients (20 males, 20 females). The mean age at time of follow-up was 9.5 ± 4.4 years with a mean follow-up time of 12...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Ronak A Gor, Jenna R Katorski, Sean P Elliott
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neurogenic bowel dysfunction (NBoD) commonly affects patients with spina bifida, cerebral palsy, and spinal cord injury among other neurologic insults. NBoD is a significant source of physical and psychosocial morbidity. Treating NBoD requires a diligent relationship between patient, caretaker, and provider in establishing and maintaining a successful bowel program. A well designed bowel program allows for regular, predictable bowel movements and prevents episodes of fecal incontinence...
July 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
Pooja Bhadoria, Shahid Bahksh, Shilpi Agarwal, Babita Pangtey, Smita Kakar
Anatomical variations of colon are mostly developmental and can lead to variety of acute and chronic pathological conditions. So it becomes important to recognize and understand the importance of clinical implications of such anomalies to benefit surgeons, clinical geneticists and research community. We describe two cases of right sided sigmoid colon and long descending colon which had two segments: vertical and horizontal. The mesentery of ascending and descending colon was retained. This mesentery along with the mesentery of transverse colon was continuous with the mesentery of small intestine...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Yuichi Ishida, Susan F McLean, Alan H Tyroch
INTRODUCTION: Cecal bascule is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction associated with upward and anterior folding of the ascending colon. We report three patients who presented with spinal cord injury complicated with a cecal bascule. Diagnosis and management of cecal bascule is discussed. PRESENTATION OF CASES: Patient 1: 59-year-old male sustained a traumatic brain injury and cervical spinal cord injury after a motorcycle crash. He had abdominal distension and the diagnosis of cecal bascule was made...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Zambaiti Elisa, Chiaramonte Cinzia, Salerno Sergio, Li Voti Giuseppe, Siracusa Fortunato
Congenital colonic stenosis is a rare pediatric condition. Since 1968, only 16 cases have been reported in the literature. To the authors' knowledge, multiple congenital colonic stenosis has not been previously reported in the literature. We report the case of a 2-month-old male, presented at our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit with a suspicion of intestinal malrotation. Clinical examination revealed persistent abdominal distension. During the enema examination, the contrast medium appeared to fill the lumen of the colon up to three stenotic segments and could not proceed further...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
Shruti Arya, Nancy Gupta, Rahul Gupta, Arun Aggarwal
Constipation, defined as delay or difficulty in defecation, present for 2 or more weeks, is a common problem encountered by both primary and specialty medical providers. There are no randomized controlled trials on the use of antegrade enemas in the pediatric population. Most published papers are based on the experience at a particular center. The aim of this article is to describe the pathophysiology of constipation, review the contribution of colonic manometry to the diagnosis of constipation, summarize the advancements in the management of constipation through the use of antegrade enemas, and study the outcomes of cecostomy at different centers...
January 21, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
Georgios Papadimitriou, Maria Koukoulaki, Konstantinos Vardas, Alkis Grigorakis, Vasileios Vougas, Spiros Drakopoulos
Fournier's gangrene is not a common cause of morbidity in renal transplant recipients, but, if it occurs, it is difficult to treat because of the immunosuppression and associated increased mortality rate. We describe the case of a male patient who underwent renal transplantation with complicated post-operative course, resulting in cecum perforation (thermal injury due to cautery use during transplantation) requiring exploratory laparotomy and cecostomy. A few days later, he developed Fournier's gangrene and urgent radical surgical debridement of the scrotum was performed, along with aggressive antibiotic regimen and the immunosuppressive treatment was modified...
November 2015: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Joseph T Church, Daniel H Teitelbaum, Marcus D Jarboe
Fecal incontinence is a debilitating problem for many children, especially those with anorectal malformations. Historically, surgical options have included the Malone antegrade continence enema, using an appendicostomy for antegrade colonic enemas. Since the development of this procedure, multiple alternatives have been developed, including the Chait cecostomy tube. Here, we present our technique for laparoscopic cecostomy tube placement. We find that this approach has several advantages, including mobilization of the cecum to allow the tube to be placed below the waistline for optimal cosmesis and comfort, increased safety provided by direct vision of needle access to the cecum, and increased security of the cecum to the abdominal wall allowing for safer tube replacement should it become dislodged in the early postoperative period...
December 2015: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Jiri Bem, Taimur Saleem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Armin Küllmer, Arthur Schmidt, Karel Caca
We report on two patients with recurrent episodes of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO). A 50-year-old woman with severe multiple sclerosis and an 84-year-old man with Parkinson's disease and dementia had multiple hospital admissions because of pain and distended abdomen. Radiographic and endoscopic findings showed massive dilation of the colon without any evidence of obstruction. Conservative management resolved symptoms only for a short period of time. As these patients were poor candidates for any surgical treatment we carried out percutaneous endoscopic colostomy by placing a 20-Fr tube in the cecum with the introducer method...
March 2016: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
J Keller, P Layer
Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) is characterized by marked colonic dilatation which develops over several days. ACPO is due to a motility disorder and is not caused by colonic obstruction and occurs in patients with severe, often acute underlying diseases or postoperatively. It is associated with a 25-30% mortality overall that increases to up to 50% in patients who develop complications (e.g. colonic ischemia and perforation). The pathogenesis of the disorder has not yet been clarified and clinical symptoms and signs are relatively unspecific...
October 2015: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
David R Marker, Nicholas Perosi, Faheem Ul Haq, William Morefield, Sally Mitchell
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and quality of life in adult patients undergoing cecostomy tube placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Percutaneous cecostomy was performed in 23 adults (10 men and 13 women) with neurogenic bowel for whom noninvasive therapeutic approaches for chronic refractory constipation or fecal incontinence had failed. Mean patient age was 41 years (range, 19-74 y). A retrospective, standardized questionnaire evaluated satisfaction and quality of life before and after cecostomy...
October 2015: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Yang Song, Yan-Hong Shi, Chong He, Chang-Qin Liu, Jun-Shan Wang, Yu-Jie Zhao, Yan-Min Guo, Rui-Jin Wu, Xiao-Yue Feng, Zhan-Ju Liu
Infliximab (IFX) is an anti-tumor necrosis factor chimeric antibody that is effective for treatment of autoimmune disorders such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (UC). IFX is well tolerated with a low incidence of adverse effects such as infections, skin reactions, autoimmunity, and malignancy. Dermatological manifestations can appear as infusion reaction, vasculitis, cutaneous infections, psoriasis, eczema, and skin cancer. Here, we present an unusual case of extensive and sporadic subcutaneous ecchymosis in a 69-year-old woman with severe UC, partial colectomy and cecostomy, following her initial dose of IFX...
May 21, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jason P Sulkowski, Kristine M Nacion, Katherine J Deans, Peter C Minneci, Marc A Levitt, Hayat M Mousa, Seth A Alpert, Steven Teich
PURPOSE: This study describes our series of children with bowel and bladder dysfunction (BDD) treated with sacral nerve stimulation in order to begin to identify characteristics associated with better outcomes and guide future therapies. METHODS: Between May 2012 and February 2014, 29 patients were evaluated before and after sacral nerve stimulator (SNS) placement. A prospective data registry was developed that contains clinical information and patient-reported measures: Fecal Incontinence Qualify of Life Scale, Fecal Incontinence Severity Scale, PedsQL Gastrointestinal Symptom Scale, and Vancouver DES Symptom Scale...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Kenei Furukawa, Jun Tsutsumi, Sumio Takayama, Hiroshi Mashiko, Hiroaki Shiba, Katsuhiko Yanaga
A 68-year-old man underwent total gastrectomy and splenectomy for adenocarcinoma and low anterior resection for carcinoma in tubulo-villous adenoma of the rectum. Broad-spectrum antibiotics were administered for postoperative pancreatic fistula. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus enteritis occurred on the 50th postoperative day and cecal perforation followed. The patient underwent construction of cecostomy with peritoneal drainage, and vancomycin was administered orally and per cecostomy for 2 weeks...
March 2015: International Surgery
Sotirios Siminas, Paul D Losty
OBJECTIVE: Surgery for pediatric idiopathic constipation (IC) is undertaken after failure of bowel management programs. Decisions are influenced by rectal biopsy, transit studies, megacolon/megarectum, degree of soiling/incontinence, and anorectal manometry profile(s). A systematic review of ALL published studies critically evaluates outcomes of surgery for IC. METHODS: MEDLINE (PubMed), Google Scholar, and EMBase were searched for English-language articles only...
December 2015: Annals of Surgery
P Pereira, F Djeudji, P Leduc, F Fanget, X Barth
Ogilvie's syndrome describes an acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO) consisting of dilatation of part or all of the colon and rectum without intrinsic or extrinsic mechanical obstruction. It often occurs in debilitated patients. Its pathophysiology is still poorly understood. Since computed tomography (CT) often reveals a sharp transition or "cut-off" between dilated and non-dilated bowel, the possibility of organic colonic obstruction must be excluded. If there are no criteria of gravity, initial treatment should be conservative or pharmacologic using neostigmine; decompression of colonic gas is also a favored treatment in the decision tree, especially when cecal dilatation reaches dimensions that are considered at high risk for perforation...
April 2015: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Vicki Patton, David Z Lubowski
BACKGROUND: Antegrade colonic enemas are used in selected adult patients with defecatory disorders. Conduit stenosis requiring revisional surgery is common. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether stenosis could be avoided by using an indwelling antegrade continence enema catheter in an appendiceal or cecal conduit, and to describe medium-term clinical outcomes. DESIGN: This study was a retrospective case series. SETTING: The study was conducted at a tertiary referral hospital in Sydney, Australia...
April 2015: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
Waqas Ullah Khan, Janakan Satkunasingham, Rahim Moineddin, Irfan Jamal, Samia Afzal, Peter Chait, Dimitri Parra, Joao G Amaral, Michael J Temple, Bairbre L Connolly
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate experience with percutaneous cecostomies and their long-term outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between June 1994 and March 2009, 290 patients (mean age, 10.1 y) with fecal incontinence underwent percutaneous cecostomy tube placement and subsequent tube management. Technical success, procedural complications, and long-term follow-up until March 2012 were evaluated. RESULTS: A cecostomy was successfully placed in 284 patients (98%), and 257 of 280 patients (92%) underwent a successful exchange to a low-profile tube...
February 2015: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
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