keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral supplementation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053818/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-nitrocompounds-on-salmonella-colonization-and-ileal-immune-gene-expression-in-laying-hens-challenged-with-salmonella-enteritidis
#1
Pratima Adhikari, D E Cosby, N A Cox, W K Kim
Foodborne disease caused by Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) is one of the important public health and economic concerns. A study was conducted to determine the effect of supplementation with 2-nitroethanol (NE) and 2-nitropropanol (NP) on Salmonella recovery of internal organs as well as on the immune gene expression in the ileum of laying hens. Thirty-six White Leghorns were orally gavaged with nalidixic acid resistant Salmonella Enteritidis (SENR). Hens were housed individually in wire-laying cages and randomly assigned to six dietary treatments: T1 = SENR unchallenged (negative control), T2 = SENR challenged (positive control), T3 = SENR challenged + 100 ppm NE, T4 = SENR challenged + 200 ppm NE, T5 = SENR challenged + 100 ppm NP, and T6 = SENR challenged + 200 ppm NP...
October 5, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053023/n-acetylcysteine-for-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-in-adolescents-an-open-label-pilot-study
#2
Kathryn R Cullen, Bonnie Klimes-Dougan, Melinda Westlund Schreiner, Patricia Carstedt, Nicholas Marka, Katharine Nelson, Michael J Miller, Kristina Reigstad, Ana Westervelt, Meredith Gunlicks-Stoessel, Lynn E Eberly
BACKGROUND: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is common in adolescents and young adults, and few evidence-based treatments are available for this significant problem. N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a widely available nutritional supplement that has been studied in some psychiatric disorders relevant to NSSI including mood and addictive disorders. This pilot study tested the use of NAC as a potential treatment for NSSI in youth. METHODS: Thirty-five female adolescents and young adults with NSSI aged 13-21 years were enrolled in this study that had an open-label, single-arm study design...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052766/decreased-diabetes-risk-over-9%C3%A2-year-after-18-month-oral-l-arginine-treatment-in-middle-aged-subjects-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-metabolic-syndrome-extension-evaluation-of-l-arginine-study
#3
Lucilla D Monti, Elena Galluccio, Valentina Villa, Barbara Fontana, Serena Spadoni, Pier Marco Piatti
PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether L-arginine supplementation lasting for 18 months maintained long-lasting effects on diabetes incidence, insulin secretion and sensitivity, oxidative stress, and endothelial function during 108 months among subjects at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. METHODS: One hundred and forty-four middle-aged subjects with impaired glucose tolerance and metabolic syndrome were randomized in 2006 to an L-arginine supplementation (6...
October 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052328/increased-sperm-cell-production-in-ageing-roosters-by-an-oral-treatment-with-an-aromatase-inhibitor-and-a-natural-herbal-extract-designed-for-improving-fertility
#4
H Adeldust, A Farzinpour, A Farshad, J Rostamzadeh, M Lopez-Bejar
Rooster fertility peaks between 30 and 40 weeks of age and declines rapidly from 50 weeks of age. This is linked to a reduction in the number of spermatozoa in the ejaculate due to high density of spermatids in the seminiferous tubules of low-fertility roosters. In this study, we assessed the effects over spermatogenesis of both letrozole, an aromatase inhibitor, and a commercial herbal extract designed for improving fertility composed by Tribulus, Cinnamomum, Zingiber and Sativus. Forty-two-week-old Ross 308 roosters (n = 24) were distributed into four groups: control, letrozole (0...
October 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049923/attenuation-of-heat-stress-induced-spermatogenesis-complications-by-betaine-in-mice
#5
Somayeh Shadmehr, Seyed Reza Fatemi Tabatabaei, Shima Hosseinifar, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh, Alireza Amiri
High temperatures can induce oxidative stress, impairment of spermatogenesis, and reduction of sperm quality and quantity concomitant with transient periods of partial or complete infertility in male mammals. Promising beneficial effects of betaine supplementation on the epididymal spermatozoa have been reported in experimental studies; however, its effects on testicular heat stress (HS)-induced impairment have yet to be determined. In the present study, betaine (Bet) was orally administrated (250 mg/kg day) during a 14-day period, before (Bet + HS group) or after (HS + Bet group) induction of testicular HS in 7-9 week-old male mice...
October 7, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049000/oral-nutrition-as-a-form-of-pre-operative-enhancement-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#6
Emma R J Bruns, Tanja E Argillander, Baukje Van Den Heuvel, Christianne J Buskens, Peter Van Duijvendijk, Renate M Winkels, Annette Kalf, Edwin S Van Der Zaag, Eelco B Wassenaar, Willem A Bemelman, Barbara C Van Munster
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status has major impacts on the outcome of surgery, in particular in patients with cancer. The aim of this review was to assess the merit of oral pre-operative nutritional support as a part of prehabilitation in patients undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer. METHODS: A systematic literature search and meta-analysis was performed according to the Preferred Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations in order to review all trials investigating the effect of oral pre-operative nutritional support in patients undergoing colorectal surgery...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047298/anti-obese-potential-of-cucurbita-maxima-seeds-oil-effect-on-lipid-profile-and-histoarchitecture-in-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#7
A Kalaivani, V V Sathibabu Uddandrao, P Brahmanaidu, Ganapathy Saravanan, P R Nivedha, P Tamilmani, K Swapna, Sasikumar Vadivukkarasi
In this study, we made an attempt to evaluate the potential of Cucurbita maxima seeds oil (CSO) against high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity in rats. We investigated the effect of CSO (100 mg/kg body weight) supplementation over 30 days on the changes of HFD-induced obese rats in body weight, biochemical parameters and lipid profile as well as investigated the effects of CSO on the histopathological changes. Oral administration with CSO revealed significant diminution in body weight gain, glucose and insulin levels, which altered the activity of lipid profile and restored the pathological alterations...
October 19, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047156/cyclophosphamide-induced-male-subfertility-in-mice-an-assessment-of-the-potential-benefits-of-maca-supplement
#8
A Y Onaolapo, B P Oladipo, O J Onaolapo
Effects of Lepidium meyenii (Maca) on cyclophosphamide (CYP)-induced gonadal toxicity in male mice were investigated. Mice were assigned to six treatment groups: Vehicle control, CYP control, CYP plus oral Maca (500 or 1,000 mg/kg), and oral Maca (500 or 1,000 mg/kg). CYP was administered via the intraperitoneal route (days 1-2), while vehicle or Maca were administered daily for 28 days. On day 28, half of the animals in each group were either sacrificed or paired with age-matched females for fertility assessment...
October 18, 2017: Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047014/a-callosal-catastrophe-toxic-leukoencephalopathy-associated-with-thermogenic-weight-loss-supplement-use
#9
Zakraus K Mahdavi, Ram Narayan, Shraddha Mainali, Benjamin M Greenberg, Venkatesh Aiyagari, David L McDonagh
BACKGROUND: The use of weight loss drugs and dietary supplements is common, but safety profiles for these drugs are largely unknown. Reports of toxicity have been published, and the use of these agents should be considered in clinical differential diagnoses. METHODS: We report the case of a patient with toxic leukoencephalopathy and hyponatremia associated with oral consumption of a thermogenic dietary supplement and essential oils. RESULTS: A 30-year-old woman presented after 2 days of headache, blurred vision, photophobia, vomiting, and hand spasms...
October 18, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046695/artemisia-argyi-attenuates-airway-inflammation-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury-model
#10
Na-Rae Shin, Sung-Hyeuk Park, Je-Won Ko, Hyung-Won Ryu, Seong-Hun Jeong, Jong-Choon Kim, Dong-Ho Shin, Hoon-Sang Lee, In-Sik Shin
Artemisia argyi is used as a health supplement, tea, and food source in Korea. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Artemisia argyi (AA) and its active compound, dehydromatricarin A (DA), on the attenuation of airway inflammation in a murine model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI). The C57BL/6 mice were administered AA (50 mg/kg or 100 mg/kg) and DA (10 mg/kg or 20 mg/kg) by oral gavage from day 0 to 7 days and LPS treated by intranasal instillation 48 hours before the sacrifice...
September 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045315/a-single-dose-of-oral-atp-supplementation-improves-performance-and-physiological-response-during-lower-body-resistance-exercise-in-recreational-resistance-trained-males
#11
Marcelo C Freitas, Jason M Cholewa, Jose Gerosa-Neto, Daniela C Gonçalves, Erico C Caperuto, Fábio S Lira, Fabrício E Rossi
The aim of this study was to investigate the acute effect of ATP supplementation on performance and physiological responses during resistance exercise in recreationally resistance trained males. Eleven men (age= 27.5±5.5 yrs, weight= 83.4±9.8 kg, height= 182±0.04 cm) completed two randomized, double-blind trials: ATP supplement condition (ATP=400mg) or a placebo condition. Thirty minutes after supplement consumption, subjects performed four sets of half-squats until momentary muscular failure at 80% of the 1RM with two minutes of recovery between sets...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044707/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-bone-metabolic-markers-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Ashok Kumar Yadav, Vivek Kumar, Vinod Kumar, Debasish Banerjee, Krishan Lal Gupta, Vivekanand Jha
Use of active forms of vitamin D is advocated in CKD patients for treatment of mineral bone disease because of the presumption that native forms of vitamin D would not undergo significant activation to calcitriol, the most active biological form of vitamin D. We present secondary analysis looking at bone turnover in subjects who completed the randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial investigating the effect of cholecalciferol supplementation on vascular function in non-diabetic CKD stage G3-4 and vitamin D ≤20ng/ml [CTRI/2013/05/003648]...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042806/feeding-filaggrin-effects-of-l-histidine-supplementation-in-atopic-dermatitis
#13
Siao Pei Tan, Simon B Brown, Christopher Em Griffiths, Richard B Weller, Neil K Gibbs
Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as eczema, is one of the most common chronic skin conditions worldwide, affecting up to 16% of children and 10% of adults. It is incurable and has significant psychosocial and economic impacts on the affected individuals. AD etiology has been linked to deficiencies in the skin barrier protein, filaggrin. In mammalian skin, l-histidine is rapidly incorporated into filaggrin. Subsequent filaggrin proteolysis releases l-histidine as an important natural moisturizing factor (NMF)...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042446/clinical-and-metabolic-consequences-of-l-serine-supplementation-in-hereditary-sensory-and-autonomic-neuropathy-type-1c
#14
Mari Auranen, Jussi Toppila, Saranya Suriyanarayanan, Museer A Lone, Anders Paetau, Henna Tyynismaa, Thorsten Hornemann, Emil Ylikallio
Hereditary sensory neuropathy type 1 (HSAN1) may be the first genetic neuropathy amenable to a specific mechanism-based treatment, as L-serine supplementation can be used to lower the neurotoxic levels of 1-deoxysphingolipids (1-deoxySL) that cause the neurodegeneration. The treatment is so far untested in HSAN1C caused by variants in the serine palmitoyl transferase subunit 2 (SPTLC2) gene. The aim of this study was to establish whether oral L-serine lowers 1-deoxySL in a patient with HSAN1C, to perform a dose escalation to find the minimal effective dose, and to assess the safety profile and global metabolic effects of the treatment...
October 17, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Molecular Case Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040128/single-dose-preoperative-vitamin-d-supplementation-decreases-infection-in-a-mouse-model-of-periprosthetic-joint-infection
#15
Vishal Hegde, Erik M Dworsky, Alexandra I Stavrakis, Amanda H Loftin, Stephen D Zoller, Howard Y Park, Sherif Richman, Daniel Johansen, Yan Hu, Julie A Taylor, Christopher D Hamad, Rene F Chun, Weixian Xi, John S Adams, Nicholas M Bernthal
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances, infection remains the most common etiology of arthroplasty failure. Recent work suggests that 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25D) deficiency correlates with the frequency of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). We endeavored to examine whether 25D3 deficiency leads to increased bacterial burden in vivo in an established mouse model of PJI and, if so, whether this effect can be reversed by preoperative 25D3 supplementation. METHODS: Mice (lys-EGFP) possessing fluorescent neutrophils were fed a vitamin D3-sufficient (n = 20) or deficient (n = 40) diet for 6 weeks...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039443/grape-seed-proanthocyanidins-inhibit-the-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-of-tongue-squamous-cell-carcinoma-cells-through-suppressing-the-protein-kinase%C3%A2-b-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#16
Ninggang Yang, Jing Gao, Xin Cheng, Cuilan Hou, Yaya Yang, Yanxin Qiu, Mengrou Xu, Yuan Zhang, Shuangsheng Huang
Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is the most common oral squamous cell carcinoma. Despite significant advances in combined therapies, the 5-year survival rate of patients with TSCC has not notably improved; this is due to regional recurrences and lymph node metastasis. Grape seed proanthocyanidins (GSPs) are consumed as dietary supplements worldwide and possess anticancer activity against several different types of cancer. However, their effect on TSCC and the underlying mechanisms by which they function remain unclear...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039315/prevention-of-liver-cirrhosis-by-silymarin
#17
Syeda Nuzhat Fatima Zaidi, Tabassum Mahboob
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of sylimarin supplementation on different biochemical parameters in thioacetamide induced cirrhotic rats. For this purpose 24 male Albino wistar rats were divided into four groups (n=6). Group I, remained healthy control rats, Group II, received thioacetamide (at a dose of 200mg/kg b.w, i.p, for 12 weeks, twice a week) in first phase and saline in second phase, Group III, received thioacetamide (200mg/kg b.w, i.p for 12 weeks, twice a week) in first phase and silymarin (orally at a dosage of 200mg/kg b...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037922/oral-vitamin-b1-substitution-does-not-decrease-genetically-determined-cleft-rate-in-mice-a-wysn
#18
Konstanze Scheller, Florian Kalmring, Christian Scheller, Johannes Schubert, Joanna Bialek
PURPOSE: Cleft lip and palate (CL/P) are one of the most common human birth defects. Animal experiments and clinical investigations show a clear reduction of teratogenic clefts by a high-dose vitamin B supplementation during early pregnancy, especially in families at risk (reduction of recurrence). The aim of this work was to examine the influence of thiamine (vitamin B1) on CL/P appearance in genetically determined A/WySn mice within different supplementation starting points. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 24 A/WySn female mice were orally supplemented with high doses (80 mg/kg) of thiamine at different times of pregnancy (5 groups, n = 90)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037378/l-citrulline-acts-as-potential-hypothermic-agent-to-afford-thermotolerance-in-chicks
#19
Vishwajit S Chowdhury, Guofeng Han, Mohammad A Bahry, Phuong V Tran, Phong H Do, Hui Yang, Mitsuhiro Furuse
Recently we demonstrated that L-citrulline (L-Cit) causes hypothermia in chicks. However, the question of how L-Cit mediates hypothermia remained elusive. Thus, the objective of this study was to examine some possible factors in the process of L-Cit-mediated hypothermia and to confirm whether L-Cit can also afford thermotolerance in young chicks. Chicks were subjected to oral administration of L-Cit along with intraperitoneal injection of a nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor, N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester HCl (L-NAME), to examine the involvement of NO in the process of hypothermia...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036357/chronic-magnesium-deficiency-and-human-disease-time-for-reappraisal
#20
Adel A A Ismail, Yasmin Ismail, Abbas A Ismail
Numerous epidemiological, experimental and clinical studies over the last 30 years have consistently shown that chronic magnesium deficiency is associated with and/or exacerbates a number of major disorders (table 1). Yet chronic magnesium deficiency is not widely recognised and a major reason for this failure is that serum magnesium levels do not accurately reflect body magnesium stores. Specifically, in chronic magnesium deficiency, serum magnesium levels are often within the normal reference range (usually lowest quartile) and may not progress to overt hypomagnesaemia...
September 22, 2017: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
keyword
keyword
9092
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"