keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oral supplementation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329745/interleukin-6-and-hepcidin-levels-during-hormone-deplete-and-hormone-replete-phases-of-an-oral-contraceptive-cycle-a-pilot-study
#1
Marc Sim, Brian Dawson, Grant Landers, Dorine W Swinkels, Erwin Wiegerinck, Bu B Yeap, Debbie Trinder, Peter Peeling
BACKGROUND: In the past, elevated estradiol levels were reported to downregulate the iron regulatory hormone hepcidin, thereby potentially improving iron metabolism. As estrogen plays a role in regulating the menstrual cycle and can influence the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6; a hepcidin up-regulator), this investigation examined the effects of estradiol supplementation achieved by the use of a monophasic oral contraceptive pill (OCP) on IL-6, hepcidin levels and iron status during the hormone-deplete versus hormone-replete phases within an oral contraceptive cycle (OCC)...
March 23, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328526/impact-of-a-single-oral-dose-of-100-000-iu-vitamin-d3-on-profiles-of-serum-25-oh-d3-and-its-metabolites-24-25-oh-2d3-3-epi-25-oh-d3-and-1-25-oh-2d3-in-adults-with-vitamin-d-insufficiency
#2
Lanja Saleh, Jonathan Tang, Joanna Gawinecka, Lukas Boesch, William D Fraser, Arnold von Eckardstein, Albina Nowak
BACKGROUND: We investigate the effect of a high dose of vitamin D3 on circulating concentrations of 25(OH)D3 and its metabolites 24,25(OH)2D3, 3-epi-25(OH)D3, and 1,25(OH)2D3 in healthy individuals with self-perceived fatigue and vitamin D insufficiency [25(OH)D3<50 nmol/L]. METHODS: One hundred and seven study participants (age 20-50 years) were randomized to receive a single 100,000 IU dose of vitamin D3 (n=52) or placebo (n=55). Vitamin D metabolite concentrations in serum were measured before, and 4 weeks after, supplementation...
March 22, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328083/oral-iron-supplementation-potential-implications-for-the-gut-microbiome-and-metabolome-in-patients-with-ckd
#3
Guus A M Kortman, Dorien Reijnders, Dorine W Swinkels
Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and loss of kidney function are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality. The risks of CKD are attributed to "uremia," an increased concentration of uremic retention solutes (toxins) in the plasma. Recently, a colo-renal axis became clearly apparent and uremia has been associated with an altered gut microbiome composition and metabolism. There is a high prevalence of anemia in patients with CKD, for which patients are often treated with oral or intravenous iron...
March 22, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326881/the-effects-of-probiotic-supplementation-on-biomarkers-of-inflammation-oxidative-stress-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-gestational-diabetes
#4
Bita Badehnoosh, Maryam Karamali, Mitra Zarrati, Mehri Jamilian, Fereshteh Bahmani, Maryam Tajabadi-Ebrahimi, Parvaneh Jafari, Elham Rahmani, Zatollah Asemi
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of probiotic supplementation on biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress and pregnancy outcomes among subjects with gestational diabetes (GDM). METHODS: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was done among 60 subjects with GDM who were not on oral hypoglycemic agents. Patients were randomly allocated to intake either probiotic capsule containing Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium bifidum (2 × 10(9) CFU/g each) (n = 30) or placebo (n = 30) for 6 weeks...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326812/evaluation-of-reticulated-gelatin-hibiscus-propolis-against-intestinal-commensal-species-commonly-associated-with-urinary-tract-infections
#5
Maïwenn Olier, Soraya Sekkal, Cherryl Harkat, Hélène Eutamene, Vassilia Theodorou
AIM: Reticulated gelatin (RG), hibiscus and propolis (RGHP) is a medical device that can reduce the bacterial adherence to epithelial cultured cells and invasion by enteropathogens, thus gathering relevant properties to decrease the risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs). We aimed at evaluating in Wistar rats the efficacy of RGHP, RG and vehicle against intestinal commensals commonly involved in UTIs. METHODS: Animals received orally (with supplemental Na2CO3): RGHP 1540 mg/day/rat; RG 500 mg/day/rat or vehicle...
March 3, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326811/combinations-of-avibactam-and-carbapenems-exhibit-enhanced-potencies-against-drug-resistant-mycobacterium-abscessus
#6
Amit Kaushik, Chhavi Gupta, Stefanie Fisher, Elizabeth Story-Roller, Christos Galanis, Nicole Parrish, Gyanu Lamichhane
AIM: The objective of this study was to assess if avibactam, a new β-lactamase inhibitor, can restore the potency of carbapenems, a sub-class of β-lactams, against Mycobacterium abscessus clinical isolates. MATERIALS & METHODS: Twenty-eight M. abscessus clinical isolates that are resistant to multiple drugs currently used to treat its infection were included. MIC of carbapenems alone and in combination with avibactam against these strains were determined. RESULTS: Tebipenem, an oral carbapenem, and ertapenem and panipenem exhibited the greatest shift in MIC when supplemented with avibactam...
February 16, 2017: Future Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326485/preliminary-assessment-on-potentials-of-probiotic-b-subtilis-rx7-and-b-methylotrophicus-c14-strains-as-an-immune-modulator-in-salmonella-challenged-weaned-pigs
#7
Santi Devi Upadhaya, Suresh Kumar Shanmugam, Dae Kyung Kang, In Ho Kim
A total of 40 crossbred weaned piglets (28 days old; [Landrace × Yorkshire] × Duroc) were used for preliminary assessment on potentials of Bacillus-based probiotics as an immune modulator in a Salmonella Typhimurium challenge model in a 3-week experiment. Pigs were randomly allotted to four experimental diets according to their initial body weight (9.21 ± 1.1 kg) and sex (10 pigs per treatment; 5 barrows and 5 gilts). The dietary treatments were basal diet (CON), basal diet + oral administration of Salmonella enterica ser...
March 21, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325960/efficacy-of-preoperative-administration-of-paracetamol-codeine-on-pain-following-impacted-mandibular-third-molar-surgery-a-randomized-split-mouth-placebo-controlled-double-blind-clinical-trial
#8
Maria Paola Cristalli, Gerardo La Monaca, Chiara De Angelis, Nicola Pranno, Susanna Annibali
Objectives. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of preoperative administration of single-dose of paracetamol-codeine, in the relieving of acute postoperative pain after the surgical removal of an impacted mandibular third molar. Materials and Methods. The study cohort consisted of 32 Caucasian outpatients, giving a total of 64 bilateral symmetrical impacted mandibles. Patients were randomized in two experimental groups to receive a preoperative oral dose of paracetamol-codeine (analgesic group) or a placebo (placebo group) at the first and second surgeries...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325798/management-of-inpatient-hyperglycemia-and-diabetes-in-older-adults
#9
Guillermo E Umpierrez, Francisco J Pasquel
Adults aged 65 years and older are the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population, and their number is expected to double to 89 million between 2010 and 2050. The prevalence of diabetes in hospitalized adults aged 65-75 years and over 80 years of age has been estimated to be 20% and 40%, respectively. Similar to general populations, the presence of hyperglycemia and diabetes in elderly patients is associated with increased risk of hospital complications, longer length of stay, and increased mortality compared with subjects with normoglycemia...
April 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325784/the-prevention-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-with-antenatal-oral-inositol-supplementation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Maria Farren, Niamh Daly, Aoife McKeating, Brendan Kinsley, Michael J Turner, Sean Daly
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated if inositol in a combination of myo-inositol and D-Chiro-inositol would prevent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in women with a family history of diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial that examined whether inositol from the first antenatal visit prevents GDM. The trial was carried out in a single-center tertiary referral center. Women with a family history of diabetes were enrolled at the first antenatal visit...
March 21, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323990/galactose-supplementation-in-tmem165-cdg-patients-rescues-the-glycosylation-defects
#11
Willy Morelle, Sven Potelle, Peter Witters, Sunnie Wong, Leslie Climer, Vladimir Lupashin, Gert Matthijs, Therese Gadomski, Jaak Jaeken, David Cassiman, Eva Morava, François Foulquier
Context: TMEM165 deficiency is a severe multisystem disease that manifests with metabolic, endocrine and skeletal involvement. It leads to one type of congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG), a rapidly growing group of inherited diseases where the glycosylation process is altered. Patients have decreased galactosylation by serum glycan analysis. There are over one hundred CDGs but only specific types are treatable. Objective: Galactose has been shown to be beneficial in other CDG types with abnormal galactosylation...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323213/oral-delivery-of-bacillus-subtilis-spores-expressing-cysteine-protease-of-clonorchis-sinensis-to-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idellus-induces-immune-responses-and-has-no-damage-on-liver-and-intestine-function
#12
Zeli Tang, Hengchang Sun, TingJin Chen, Zhipeng Lin, Hongye Jiang, Xinyi Zhou, Cunbin Shi, Houjun Pan, Ouqin Chang, Pengli Ren, Jinyun Yu, Xuerong Li, Jin Xu, Yan Huang, Xinbing Yu
Clonorchis sinensis (C. sinensis) is a fish-borne trematode. Human can be infected by ingestion of C. sinensis metacercariae parasitized in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). For induction of effective oral immune responses, spores of Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) WB600 were utilized as vehicle to delivery CsCP (cysteine protease of C. sinensis) cooperated with CotC (B.s-CotC-CP), one of coat proteins, to the gastrointestinal tract. After routine culture of 8-12 h in LB medium, B. subtilis containing CotC-CsCP was transferred into the sporulation culture medium...
March 17, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322060/malnutrition-or-frailty-overlap-and-evidence-gaps-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-frailty-and-malnutrition
#13
Celia V Laur, Tara McNicholl, Renata Valaitis, Heather H Keller
There is increasing awareness of the detrimental health impact of frailty on older adults and of the high prevalence of malnutrition in this segment of the population. Experts in these 2 arenas need to be cognizant of the overlap in constructs, diagnosis, and treatment of frailty and malnutrition. There is a lack of consensus regarding the definition of malnutrition and how it should be assessed. While there is consensus on the definition of frailty, there is no agreement on how it should be measured. Separate assessment tools exist for both malnutrition and frailty; however, there is intersection between concepts and measures...
March 21, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321998/moderate-selenium-dosing-inhibited-chromium-vi-toxicity-in-chicken-liver
#14
Yang Wang, Yongxia Liu, Huiyu Wan, Yiran Zhu, Peng Chen, Pan Hao, Ziqiang Cheng, Jianzhu Liu
This study aimed to clarify the effect of selenium (Se) on chromium (VI) [Cr(VI)]-induced damage in chicken liver. A total of 105 chickens were randomly divided into seven groups of 15. Group I received deionized water; group II received Cr(VI) (7.83 mg/kg/d) alone; and other groups orally received both Cr(VI) (7.83 mg/kg/d) and Se of different doses (0.14, 0.29, 0.57, 1.14, and 2.28 mg/kg/d). The levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), Ca(2+) -ATPase, and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) were measured...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biochemical and Molecular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321545/tissue-distribution-of-oral-vitamin-b12-is-influenced-by-b12-status-and-b12-form-an-experimental-study-in-rats
#15
Linda S Kornerup, Sergey N Fedosov, Christian B Juul, Eva Greibe, Christian W Heegaard, Ebba Nexo
PURPOSE: Hydroxocobalamin (HOCbl) is the dominating Cbl form in food, whereas cyanocobalamin (CNCbl) is common in vitamin pills and oral supplements. This study compares single-dose absorption and distribution of oral HO[(57)Co]Cbl and CN[(57)Co]Cbl in Cbl-deficient and normal rats. METHODS: Male Wistar rats (7 weeks) were fed a 14-day diet with (n = 15) or without (n = 15) Cbl. We compared the uptakes of HO[(57)Co]Cbl (free or bound to bovine transcobalamin) and free CN[(57)Co]Cbl administered by gastric gavage (n = 5 in each diet group)...
March 20, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320203/dietary-pectic-oligosaccharide-administration-improves-the-growth-performance-and-immunity-in-weaned-pigs-infected-by-rotavirus
#16
Hao Chen, Haiyan Hu, Daiwen Chen, Jun Tang, Bing Yu, Junqiu Luo, Jun He, Yuheng Luo, Jie Yu, Xiangbing Mao
Rotavirus infection is one of the main pathogenic causes of gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children and young animals. The present study aimed to determine whether dietary pectic oligosaccharide (POS) supplementation could improve the growth performance and immunity in weaned pigs infected by porcine rotavirus (PRV). Twenty-eight crossbred weaned galts were randomly divided into two groups fed with basal diet with or without POS for 18 d. On 15th day, the PRV were orally infused to half of the pigs. ADFI, ADG and F/G ratio were impaired by PRV infection in weaned pigs (P < 0...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317607/nutritional-aspects-of-dysphagia-management
#17
C Gallegos, E Brito-de la Fuente, P Clavé, A Costa, G Assegehegn
This chapter describes the nutritional aspects of dysphagia management by starting with the definition of these two conditions (dysphagia and malnutrition) that share three main clinical characteristics: (a) their prevalence is very high, (b) they can lead to severe complications, and (c) they are frequently underrecognized and neglected conditions. From an anatomical standpoint, dysphagia can result from oropharyngeal and/or esophageal causes; from a pathophysiological perspective, dysphagia can be caused by organic or structural diseases (either benign or malignant) or diseases causing impaired physiology (mainly motility and/or perception disorders)...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317532/the-role-of-diet-and-supplements-in-vitiligo-management
#18
REVIEW
Pearl E Grimes, Rama Nashawati
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disorder that involves the interplay between oxidative stress and the immune system. Preliminary observations suggest that the presence of gluten in the diet may play a role in vitiligo development in some patients, but to date vitiligo-specific diets have not been studied. The role of oral supplements, including vitamins, minerals, and botanicals, is increasingly being investigated as adjuncts to conventional medical treatment due to their antioxidant and immunomodulatory activity...
April 2017: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315910/effect-of-selenium-supplementation-for-protection-of-salivary-glands-from-iodine-131-radiation-damage-in-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#19
Haiyoung Son, Sang Mi Lee, Ra Gyoung Yoon, Hakmin Lee, Ilkyun Lee, Soon Kim, Woong Youn Chung, Jeong Won Lee
OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we examined whether selenium supplementation during iodine-131 ((131)I) treatment had a radio-protective effect on salivary glands. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients with differentiated thyroid cancer were prospectively enrolled in the study. Patients after total thyroidectomy, before (131)I treatment, were divided into two groups; 8 patients in the selenium group and 8 patients in the control group. Patients in the selenium group received 300νg of selenium orally for 10 days, from 3 days before to 6 days after (131)I treatment...
March 20, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315017/-is-supplemental-ear-acupuncture-for-surgical-tooth-removal-with-local-anesthesia-effective-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#20
E A Lux, G Wahl, J Erlenwein, C Wiese, S Wirz
BACKGROUND: The application of ear acupuncture can contribute to a reduction of acute pain. Data on the application of ear acupuncture following oral surgery in odontology is insufficient. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effectiveness of ear acupuncture as an auxiliary analgesic treatment in addition to local anesthesia for operative tooth removal. METHODS: In this prospective open non-randomized pilot study (in accordance with the CONSORT publication) 2 cohorts of 50 patients each with the indications for an operative tooth removal either with or without the application of ear acupuncture in addition to local anesthesia with articain were observed...
March 17, 2017: Der Schmerz
keyword
keyword
9092
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"