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total arterial revascularization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716335/management-of-chronic-total-coronary-occlusion-in-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-by-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-versus-medical-therapy
#1
Mony Shuvy, Feng Qiu, Alyssandra Chee-A-Tow, John J Graham, Wael Abuzeid, Christopher Buller, Bradley H Strauss, Harindra C Wijeysundera
Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are found in approximately 20% of angiograms. We sought to assess the variation in the management of patients with CTOs and to compare the clinical outcomes of CTO lesions with those of non-CTO lesions. We conducted a population-based cohort study and included all patients with stable angina who underwent cardiac catheterization from October 1, 2012, to June 30, 2013, in Ontario, Canada. The primary outcome was a composite of mortality and hospitalization for myocardial infarction...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715924/moyamoya-disease-in-children-results-from-the-international-pediatric-stroke-study
#2
Sarah Lee, Michael J Rivkin, Adam Kirton, Gabrielle deVeber, Jorina Elbers
This study aimed to describe children with moyamoya disease from an international multicenter stroke database, and explore risk factors for stroke recurrence. We reviewed data of children >28-days old with moyamoya disease enrolled in the International Pediatric Stroke Study from January 2003 to March 2013. A total of 174 children from 32 sites and 14 countries had moyamoya disease; median age 7.4 years, 49% male. Of these, 90% presented with ischemic stroke, 7.5% with transient ischemic attack, and 2.5% with hemorrhagic stroke...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704241/prognostic-value-of-electrocardiogram-exercise-testing-for-risk-stratification-in-asymptomatic-coronary-artery-disease
#3
Sara L Guerreiro, Jorge M Ferreira, João M Calqueiro, Miguel S Mendes
BACKGROUND: Several variables of electrocardiogram exercise testing (EET) predict cardiovascular events in the general population and in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, most of the studies have not included patients with asymptomatic CAD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of EET in asymptomatic CAD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective single-center analysis including all patients with asymptomatic CAD documented by angiography who underwent EET from January 2010 to December 2013...
July 12, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700477/application-of-the-syntax-score-in-interventional-cardiology-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Yashna Sookharee, Anita Bholee, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Should the SYNTAX score be integrated in Interventional Cardiology? Should it really be considered as a vital decision-making tool in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)? To confirm the importance of this score, we aimed to systematically compare the postinterventional adverse cardiovascular outcomes which were observed in patients who were allotted a low versus a high SYNTAX score. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials and observational studies which were published from January 2007 to January 2017 were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane databases using the searched terms 'SYNTAX score and percutaneous coronary intervention...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692459/comparative-determinants-of-5-year-cardiovascular-event-rates-in-patients-with-unprotected-left-main-coronary-artery-disease
#5
Cheol Hyun Lee, Jung-Min Ahn, Pil Hyung Lee, Minkyu Han, Se Hun Kang, Soo-Jin Kang, Seung-Whan Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Cheol Whan Lee, Seong-Wook Park, Duk-Woo Park, Seung-Jung Park
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM), low ejection fraction (EF), and the extent of coronary artery disease (CAD) have all been identified as predictors of cardiovascular events in multivessel disease, but their comparative contributions to future risk remain unclear in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. Through this study we aimed to categorize the risk for cardiovascular events in patients with ULMCA disease using simple clinical descriptors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our study included a total of 5975 patients with ULMCA disease from the Interventional Research Incorporation Society-Left MAIN Revascularization registry who were treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (n=2850), coronary artery bypass grafting (n=2337), or medical therapy alone (n=608)...
August 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690297/successful-complete-revascularization-with-pci-using-super-low-volume-of-contrast-medium-in-a-patient-with-three-vessel-disease-including-2-chronic-total-occlusions-with-severe-renal-dysfunction
#6
Masahiro Koide, Masayuki Kato, Kimihito Usui, Kayoko Mera, Yoshinori Tsubakimoto, Koji Isodono, Tomohiko Sakatani, Akiko Matsuo, Keiji Inoue, Hiroshi Fujita
The most important factor for preventing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with severe renal dysfunction is to minimize the contrast volume. Herein, we report a successful case of complete revascularization after 3 separate PCI procedures using a super-low volume of contrast medium in a patient with 3-vessel disease, including two chronic total occlusions (CTOs). A 70-year-old man having exertional angina despite maximal medical therapy was referred to our hospital...
July 10, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683941/stenting-or-surgery-for-de-novo-common-femoral-artery-stenosis
#7
Yann Gouëffic, Nellie Della Schiava, Fabien Thaveau, Eugenio Rosset, Jean-Pierre Favre, Lucie Salomon du Mont, Jean-Marc Alsac, Réda Hassen-Khodja, Thierry Reix, Eric Allaire, Eric Ducasse, Raphael Soler, Béatrice Guyomarc'h, Bahaa Nasr
OBJECTIVES: The TECCO (Traitement des Lésions Athéromateuses de l'Artère Fémorale Commune par Technique Endovasculaire Versus Chirurgie Ouverte [Endovascular Versus Open Repair of the Common Femoral Artery]) trial is a randomized comparison of safety and efficacy of stenting versus open surgery for de novo common femoral artery (CFA) stenosis. BACKGROUND: Surgery for CFA lesions is considered effective and durable. Despite the widespread use of endovascular repair for infrainguinal disease, the value of this procedure for such lesions is uncertain...
July 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678143/mortality-of-patients-with-previous-stroke-undergoing-drug-eluting-stent-implantation
#8
Se Hun Kang, Cheol Whan Lee, Jung-Bok Lee, Pil Hyung Lee, Jung-Min Ahn, Duk-Woo Park, Soo-Jin Kang, Seung-Whan Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Seong-Wook Park, Seung-Jung Park
OBJECTIVE: Patients with previous stroke are increasing among patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES); however, data about the influence of previous stroke on patient outcomes are limited. We evaluated whether previous stroke is associated with increased risk for mortality in coronary artery disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 18 650 patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI with DES were enrolled...
July 3, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675046/usefulness-of-the-cha2ds2-vasc-score-in-predicting-in-stent-restenosis-among-patients-undergoing-revascularization-with-bare-metal-stents
#9
Alparslan Kurtul
In-stent restenosis (ISR) is a limitation of percutaneous coronary intervention and has been linked to specific clinical and angiographic variables. The aim of the present study was to investigate the predictive value of preprocedural CHA2DS2-VASc score on ISR in patients undergoing revascularization with bare-metal stent (BMS) implantation for stable coronary artery disease or acute coronary syndrome. In the years 2012 to 2014, a total of 358 consecutive patients (mean age: 62.36 ± 11.28 years and 62.2% men) who had undergone successful BMS implantation were included in the study...
January 1, 2017: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674266/pilot-cohort-study-assessing-the-efficacy-of-endovascular-revascularization-in-the-restoration-of-peripheral-sensory-disturbance-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#10
Kentaro Jujo, Katsumi Saito, Issei Ishida, Yuho Furuki, Eiji Shibahashi, Kensuke Shimazaki, Haruki Sekiguchi, Yuichiro Minami, Junichi Yamaguchi, Hiroshi Ogawa, Nobuhisa Hagiwara
BACKGROUND: Sensory disturbance (SD) is a common consequence of peripheral nerve damage associated with diabetes and severe ischemia. Progression of SD places patients at high risk for lower extremity ulcers and amputations. SD has been thought to be progressive and irreversible, and possibly caused by microvascular dysfunction. The aim of this study was to determine whether endovascular revascularization (EVR) induces quantifiable changes in SD in chronic critical limb ischemia (CLI) patients with neuropathy...
July 1, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670180/demonstration-of-ischemia-in-myocardial-perfusion-scintigraphy-before-coronary-revascularization-decreases-acute-coronary-syndrome-related-hospitalizations
#11
Hakki Kaya, Ozan Kandemir, Osman Beton, Tarik Kivrak, Recep Kurt, Mehmet Birhan Yilmaz
In this study, we compared the patients who underwent coronary angiography (CAG), followed by revascularization by coronary artery stent implantation according to the CAG results without any evidence of ischemia with myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS), and the patients who underwent revascularization by coronary artery stent implantation following the detection of ischemia in MPS before CAG in terms of the mortality and hospitalization due to acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Between January 2009 and January 2016, a total of 407 patients (52% males, 48% females; mean age: 66 ± 9 years; range: 40-85 years) who underwent CAG following diagnosis of stable angina and underwent coronary artery stenting were retrospectively analyzed...
July 2017: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658826/analysis-of-12-months-clinical-outcomes-associated-with-implantation-of-ultrathin-60-%C3%AE-m-bare-metal-stent-in-an-unselected-real-world-population-with-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Adikesava Naidu Otikunta, Uday Kumar Hosad, Y V Subba Reddy, Srikanth Eruvaram, Ravi Srinivas, Rajeev Garg, Limmy Loret Lobo
INTRODUCTION: In the era of drug-eluting stents, Bare Metal Stent (BMS) has worked its way up to be recognized in several indications. Moreover, literature suggests that strut thickness has been directly related to the restenosis rate. AIM: We intended to evaluate the clinical performance of the ultrathin (60 μm) Flexinnium stent (Sahajanand Medical Technologies Pvt. Ltd. Surat, India) for treatment of a wide range of patients with coronary artery disease in routine clinical practice...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658308/unprotected-left-main-revascularization-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-an-updated-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#13
Luca Testa, Azeem Latib, Mario Bollati, Rocco Antonio Montone, Antonio Colombo, Filippo Crea, Francesco Bedogni
BACKGROUND: The optimal treatment of unprotected left main (UPLM) with either PCI or CABG remains uncertain. AIM: The purpose of this study was to determine the comparative safety and efficacy of PCI versus CABG in patients with UPLM disease. METHODS: Search of BioMedCentral, CENTRAL, mRCT, PubMed, major cardiological congresses proceedings and references cross-check (updated November 2016). Outcomes were the rate of MACE [all cause death, MI, stroke], the rates of the individual components of MACE and the rate of target vessel revascularisation (TVR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655549/lower-extremity-bypass-for-critical-limb-ischemia-decreases-major-adverse-limb-events-with-equivalent-cardiac-risk-compared-with-endovascular-intervention
#14
J Hunter Mehaffey, Robert B Hawkins, Anna Fashandi, Kenneth J Cherry, John A Kern, Irving L Kron, Gilbert R Upchurch, William P Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Lower extremity bypass (LEB) has traditionally been the "gold standard" in the treatment of critical limb ischemia (CLI). Infrainguinal endovascular intervention (IEI) has become more commonly performed than LEB, but comparative outcomes are limited. We sought to compare rates of major adverse limb events (MALEs) and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) after LEB and IEI in a propensity score-matched, national cohort of patients with CLI. METHODS: The National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) vascular targeted files (2011-2014) for LEB and IEI were merged...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655300/dynamic-high-sensitivity-troponin-elevations-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-might-not-be-associated-with-significant-coronary-artery-disease
#15
Johan Thelin, Olle Melander
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of high-sensitivity troponin assays a greater proportion of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients present with dynamic troponin elevations. We hypothesize that significant coronary artery disease (CAD) causes relative ischemia in the setting of a rapid heart rate resulting in dynamic troponin elevation. The aim of this study was to examine if patients without known CAD who present with AF, tachycardia and dynamic high-sensitivity troponin T (hsTnT) change have an increased risk of cardiac events...
June 27, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654959/cardiovascular-testing-and-clinical-outcomes-in-emergency-department-patients-with-chest-pain
#16
Alexander T Sandhu, Paul A Heidenreich, Jay Bhattacharya, M Kate Bundorf
Importance: Noninvasive testing and coronary angiography are used to evaluate patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with chest pain, but their effects on outcomes are uncertain. Objective: To determine whether cardiovascular testing-noninvasive imaging or coronary angiography-is associated with changes in the rates of coronary revascularization or acute myocardial infarction (AMI) admission in patients who present to the ED with chest pain without initial findings of ischemia...
June 26, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652952/fibromuscular-dysplasia-with-spontaneous-coronary-artery-disease-presenting-as-acute-myocardial-infarction
#17
Ali Farooq, Waseem Amjad, Ata Ur Rahim Bajwa, Hassaan Yasin, Rizwan Ali, Muhammad Pervaiz
A 40-year-old female presented to a rural hospital with crushing substernal chest pain. An initial electrocardiogram showed ST elevation in lead II and aVF with elevated troponin I. She was immediately transferred to a tertiary care hospital. An emergent coronary angiogram did not show any significant coronary artery disease. On the second day, the patient experienced recurrence of severe chest pain with ST elevations in leads I, aVL, V5-V6, ST depressions in V1-V3, T-wave inversion over V2-V5. The troponin I level increased to > 40 ng/ml (normal 0...
May 23, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647195/adapting-to-a-total-endovascular-approach-for-complex-aortic-aneurysm-repair-outcomes-after-fenestrated-and-branched-endovascular-aortic-repair
#18
Jacob Budtz-Lilly, Anders Wanhainen, Jacob Eriksson, Kevin Mani
OBJECTIVE: This study reports the feasibility of adopting a total endovascular approach for the treatment of complex abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) at a European aortic center and compares the short- and midterm results against those from large and multicenter studies. METHODS: All patients treated endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) for juxta/pararenal AAAs or thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs), both elective and acute, as well as reoperations, from 2010 to 2015 were included...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644210/frequency-domain-optical-coherence-tomography-plaque-morphology-in-stable-coronary-artery-disease-sex-differences
#19
Luca Mariani, Francesco Burzotta, Cristina Aurigemma, Andrea Romano, Giampaolo Niccoli, Antonio M Leone, Italo Porto, Carlo Trani, Filippo Crea
BACKGROUND: The cause for discrepancy in the clinical presentation and outcome of coronary artery disease (CAD) between men and women is not established. Different prevalences of risk factors or specific sex-related atherosclerotic aspects have been advocated as possible explanations. We investigated coronary plaque morphology looking at possible differences in plaque vulnerability between men and women with stable CAD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected and analyzed clinical data and coronary plaque morphology by frequency-domain optical coherence tomography in men and women with stable CAD...
June 21, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637179/is-delayed-surgical-revascularization-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-useful-or-dangerous-new-insights-into-an-old-problem
#20
Philippe Grieshaber, Peter Roth, Lukas Oster, Tobias M Schneider, Gerold Görlach, Bernd Nieman, Andreas Böning
OBJECTIVES: Haemodynamically stable patients admitted for coronary artery bypass grafting in acute myocardial infarction often undergo delayed surgery in order to avoid the risks of emergency surgery. However, initially stable patients undergoing delayed surgery may develop low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS) during the waiting period, which might be a major drawback of this strategy. We aim to define risk factors and clinical consequences of LCOS during the waiting period. METHODS: A total of 530 consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction (33% non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and 67% ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction) underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting between 2008 and 2013...
June 20, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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