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Ambulatory blood pressure obese

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931072/high-prevalence-of-non-dipping-blood-pressure-and-vascular-stiffness-in-hiv-infected-south-africans-on-antiretrovirals
#1
M S Borkum, J M Heckmann, K Manning, J A Dave, N S Levitt, B L Rayner, N Wearne
BACKGROUND: HIV-infected individuals are at increased risk of tissue inflammation and accelerated vascular aging ('inflamm-aging'). Abnormal diurnal blood pressure (BP) rhythms such as non-dipping may contribute to an increased risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events in HIV infected individuals. However, little data exists on ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) and measures of vascular stiffness in the black African HIV infected population. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional analysis of otherwise well, HIV infected outpatients on ART for >5 years...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876375/twenty-four-hour-blood-pressure-in-obese-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Claudia M Correa, Ronaldo A Gismondi, Ana Rosa Cunha, Mario F Neves, Wille Oigman
BACKGROUND: Obesity, systemic arterial hypertension (SAH) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are closely related. Up to 70% of patients with OSA may be asymptomatic, and there is evidence that these patients have cardiovascular disease, especially nocturnal SAH. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate 24-hour blood pressure circadian variation in asymptomatic, obese individuals with moderate-to-severe OSA and compare it with that in individuals with mild OSA or without OSA...
September 4, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810972/when-military-fitness-standards-no-longer-apply-the-high-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-recent-air-force-retirees
#3
Marcus M Cranston, Mark W True, Jana L Wardian, Rishawn M Carriere, Tom J Sauerwein
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. With MetS prevalence rates increasing in the U.S. population, prevention efforts have largely focused on diet and exercise interventions. Before retirement, military service members have met fitness requirements for at least 20 years, and have lower MetS rates compared to age-matched U.S. population controls (23.4% vs. 39.0%), which suggests a protective effect of the lifestyle associated with military service...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804814/factors-associated-with-cardiovascular-target-organ-damage-in-children-after-renal-transplantation
#4
Bianca Borchert-Mörlins, Daniela Thurn, Bernhard M W Schmidt, Anja K Büscher, Jun Oh, Tanja Kier, Elena Bauer, Sabrina Baig, Nele Kanzelmeyer, Markus J Kemper, Rainer Büscher, Anette Melk
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease is the second-most common cause of death in pediatric renal transplant recipients. The aim of this study was to evaluate subclinical cardiovascular target organ damage defined as the presence of arterio- and atherosclerotic lesions and cardiac remodeling and to analyze contributing risk factors in a large cohort of children after renal transplantation (RT). METHODS: A total of 109 children aged 13.1 ± 3.3 years who had undergone RT at one of three German transplant centers were enrolled in this study...
August 13, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743403/obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-and-associated-factors
#5
Ana Espínola Rodríguez, Luis Lores Obradors, Neus Parellada Esquius, Felisa Rubio Muñoz, Neus Espinosa Gonzalez, Elisabet Arellano Marcuello
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obesity causes important alterations in the respiratory physiology like sleep obstructive apnoea (SOA) and obesity-hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), both associated with high morbidity and mortality. Also, these entities are clearly infradiagnosed and in the case of OHS the prevalence is unknown in the general obese population. To determine the prevalence of OHS in the population of patients with morbid obesity and to know the comorbidity related with OHS, the associated respiratory symptoms and the pulse oximetry alterations...
July 22, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728620/insulin-resistance-and-hypertension-in-obese-youth-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-treated-with-positive-airway-pressure-a-prospective-multicenter-study
#6
Sherri L Katz, Joanna E MacLean, Lynda Hoey, Linda Horwood, Nicholas Barrowman, Bethany Foster, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Laurent Legault, Glenda N Bendiak, Valerie G Kirk, Evelyn Constantin
STUDY OBJECTIVES: There is evidence that cardiometabolic disease associated with obesity and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in adults is present in youth. SDB is often treated with positive airway pressure (PAP) in youth with obesity. Our aims were to determine: (1) the prevalence of cardiometabolic disease and (2) whether PAP improves markers of cardiometabolic disease, in youth with obesity and newly diagnosed moderate-severe SDB. METHODS: A prospective multicenter cohort study was conducted in youth (8 to 16 years old) with obesity, prescribed PAP therapy for newly diagnosed moderate-severe SDB...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727165/increased-fibre-and-reduced-trans-fatty-acid-intake-are-primary-predictors-of-metabolic-improvement-in-overweight-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-substudy-of-randomized-trial-between-diet-exercise-and-diet-plus-exercise-for-weight-control
#7
Åsa Nybacka, Per M Hellström, Angelica L Hirschberg
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is commonly affected by obesity. PCOS phenotypes are prone to increased waist/hip ratio, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. This substudy was undertaken to evaluate the effects of lifestyle interventions on metabolic biomarkers in overweight/obese PCOS women and the interventional effects of dietary components related to metabolic outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized three-arm parallel study. PATIENTS: Fifty-seven PCOS women body mass index (BMI >27 kg/m(2) , age 18-40) were randomly assigned to diet (D, n = 19), exercise (E, n = 19) or diet plus exercise (DE, n = 19) in three-arm fashion over 16 weeks...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725327/prevalence-of-undiagnosed-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-adults-aged-20-40-a-cross-sectional-study-in-2016-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#8
Faisal Saed Alharthi, Jamilah Saad Alrahimi, Abdulrahman Ali Alotaibi, Daniah Ahmed Alhamdi, Bashair Mohammed Ibrahim, Yasmina Aymen Badeeb
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the first leading cause of death worldwide. In Saudi Arabia, CVDs are the major killers with a mortality rate of 46%. CVD risk factors are not exclusive to old populations. Thus, the purpose of this study was to approximately find the prevalence of these risk factors, particularly high blood pressure (HBP), high blood glucose (HBG), obesity, and smoking. METHODS: This cross-sectional was conducted in May 2016 and took place in the Ambulatory Care Center of King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah...
June 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713799/the-use-of-ambulatory-blood-pressure-monitoring-as-standard-of-care-in-pediatrics
#9
REVIEW
Caitlin G Peterson, Yosuke Miyashita
Hypertension (HTN) is a significant global health problem, responsible for 7.5 million deaths each year worldwide. The prevalence of HTN is increasing in the pediatric population likely attributed to the increase in childhood obesity. Recent work has also shown that blood pressure (BP) tends to track from childhood to adulthood including BP-related target organ damage. In the last 25-30 years, pediatric use of ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) has been expanding mainly in the setting of initial elevated BP measurement evaluation, HTN therapy efficacy follow-up, and renal disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600362/social-epidemiology-of-hypertension-in-buffalo-city-metropolitan-municipality-bcmm-cross-sectional-study-of-determinants-of-prevalence-awareness-treatment-and-control-among-south-african-adults
#10
Eyitayo Omolara Owolabi, Daniel Ter Goon, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Eunice Seekoe
OBJECTIVES: This study examined hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment and control and their determinants among adults attending health facilities in Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality (BCMM) in the Eastern Cape. DESIGN: A cross-sectional analytical study. SETTINGS: The three largest outpatient clinics in BCMM. PARTICIPANTS: Ambulatory adults (aged 18 years and over) attending the study settings during the study period (n=998)...
June 8, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586418/nocturnal-but-not-diurnal-hypertension-is-associated-to-insulin-resistance-markers-in-subjects-with-normal-or-mildly-elevated-office-blood-pressure
#11
Martin R Salazar, Walter G Espeche, Rodolfo N Stavile, Liliana Disalvo, Andrea Tournier, Betty C Leiva Sisnieguez, Ana Varea, Carlos E Leiva Sisnieguez, Carlos E March, Horacio A Carbajal
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the relationships among insulin resistance markers and nocturnal and diurnal hypertension in normotensive or mildly untreated hypertensive adults. METHODS: The study was performed in both female and male adults referred to the Cardiometabolic Unit of the Hospital San Martín, La Plata, Argentina, in order to perform an ambulatory blood pressure measurement (ABPM) for the evaluation of a possible hypertensive disorder. The population was stratified according to their ABPM in: 1-presence or absence of diurnal hypertension and 2-presence or absence of nocturnal hypertension; both conditions were analyzed separately...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528703/does-fitness-improve-the-cardiovascular-risk-profile-in-obese-subjects
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
H Halland, M T Lønnebakken, S Saeed, H Midtbø, D Cramariuc, E Gerdts
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Good cardiorespiratory fitness has been suggested to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease in obesity. We explored the association of fitness with the prevalences of major cardiovascular risk factor like hypertension (HT), diabetes and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in overweight and obese subjects. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical data from 491 participants in the FAT associated CardiOvasculaR dysfunction (FATCOR) study were analyzed. Physical fitness was assessed by ergospirometry, and subjects with at least good level of performance for age and sex were classified as fit...
June 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514264/breaks-in-sitting-time-effects-on-continuously-monitored-glucose-and-blood-pressure
#13
Dharini M Bhammar, Brandon J Sawyer, Wesley J Tucker, Glenn A Gaesser
PURPOSE: We examined the effects of interrupting prolonged sitting with multiple 2-min walking breaks or one 30-min continuous walking session on glucose control and ambulatory blood pressure (ABP). METHODS: Ten overweight/obese, physically inactive participants (five men; 32 ± 5 yr; BMI, 30.3 ± 4.6 kg·m) participated in this randomized four-trial crossover study, with each trial performed on a separate, simulated workday lasting 9 h: 1) 30 min of continuous moderate-intensity (30-min MOD) walking at 71% ± 4% HRmax; 2) 21 × 2 min bouts of moderate-intensity (2-min MOD) walking at 53% ± 5% HRmax, each performed every 20 min (42 min total); 3) 8 × 2 min bouts of vigorous-intensity (2-min VIG) walking at 79% ± 4% HRmax, each performed every hour (16 min total); 4) 9 h of prolonged sitting (SIT)...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501727/methods-to-evaluate-arterial-structure-and-function-in-children-state-of-the-art-knowledge
#14
REVIEW
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
BACKGROUND: With increasing rates of hypertension, obesity, and diabetes in the pediatric population, wide available, and reproducible methods are necessary to evaluate arterial structure and function in children and adolescents. METHODS: MEDLINE/Pubmed was searched for articles published in years 2012-2017 on methodology of, current knowledge on, and limitations of the most commonly used methods to evaluate central, proximal and coronary arteries, as well as endothelial function in pediatric patients...
May 11, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483916/prevalence-treatment-and-control-rates-of-conventional-and-ambulatory-hypertension-across-10-populations-in-3-continents
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jesus D Melgarejo, Gladys E Maestre, Lutgarde Thijs, Kei Asayama, José Boggia, Edoardo Casiglia, Tine W Hansen, Yutaka Imai, Lotte Jacobs, Jørgen Jeppesen, Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Yan Li, Sofia Malyutina, Yuri Nikitin, Takayoshi Ohkubo, Katarzyna Stolarz-Skrzypek, Ji-Guang Wang, Jan A Staessen
Hypertension is a major global health problem, but prevalence rates vary widely among regions. To determine prevalence, treatment, and control rates of hypertension, we measured conventional blood pressure (BP) and 24-hour ambulatory BP in 6546 subjects, aged 40 to 79 years, recruited from 10 community-dwelling cohorts on 3 continents. We determined how between-cohort differences in risk factors and socioeconomic factors influence hypertension rates. The overall prevalence was 49.3% (range between cohorts, 40...
July 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452835/vitamin-d-status-cardiometabolic-liver-and-mental-health-status-in-obese-youth-attending-a-pediatric-weight-management-center
#16
Krista MacDonald, Kristine Godziuk, Jason Yap, Rena LaFrance, Mohammad Ansarian, Andrea Haqq, Diana R Mager
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D (VitD) deficiency and obesity are reaching epidemic proportions in North America, particularly in those with comorbid conditions such as diabetes or liver disease. The study objective was to determine the prevalence of suboptimal vitD status and interrelationships with anthropometric, cardiometabolic, liver, mental health, and lifestyle (sleep/screen time) parameters in an ambulatory population of children with obesity. METHODS: Children (2-18 years) attending a pediatric weight management clinic (n = 217) were retrospectively reviewed...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406083/ambulatory-arterial-stiffness-index-blood-pressure-variability-and-nocturnal-blood-pressure-dip-in-children-with-iga-and-henoch-sch%C3%A3-nlein-nephropathy%C3%A2
#17
Piotr Skrzypczyk, Małgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Barbara Jerszow, Paweł Ruszczykowski, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
AIM: Evaluation of mean blood pressure values, ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI), pulse pressure (PP), blood pressure variability (BPV), and circadian blood pressure rhythm using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) in children with IgA nephropathy and Henoch-Schönlein nephropathy (IgAN/HSN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 48 children (29 with IgAN, 19 with HSN) aged 14.04 ± 3.76 years, we evaluated retrospectively 24-hour systolic and diastolic BP (24hSBP, 24hDBP), AASI, PP, systolic and diastolic BPV, and nocturnal BP dip by ABPM, body mass index (BMI) Z-score, medications, and biochemical parameters...
April 13, 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337615/longer-duration-of-obesity-is-associated-with-a-reduction-in-urinary-angiotensinogen-in-prepubertal-children
#18
Manuela Morato, Liane Correia-Costa, Teresa Sousa, Dina Cosme, Franz Schaefer, José Carlos Areias, António Guerra, Alberto Caldas Afonso, Henrique Barros, Ana Azevedo, António Albino-Teixeira
BACKGROUND: We aimed to study the impact of obesity on urinary excretion of angiotensinogen (U-AGT) in prepubertal children, focusing on the duration of obesity and gender. Also, we aimed to evaluate whether plasma angiotensinogen (P-AGT) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) play a role in the putative association. METHODS: Cross-sectional evaluation of 305 children aged 8-9 years (160 normal weight, 86 overweight, and 59 obese). Anthropometric measurements and 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring were performed...
March 23, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290827/-azilsartan-medoxomil-capabilities-in-arterial-hypertension-and-obesity
#19
Y A Vasyuk, E Y Shupenina, V V Nesvetov, E A Nesterova, E I Golubkova
Arterial hypertension (AH) is one of the most common cardiovascular disease. Angiotensin II (AT II), the hormone of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, realizes its negative effects through AT 1 receptors - application point of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB). Due to different dissociation AT 1 receptors properties some ARBs are more effective than others. Multiply multicenter randomized and observational studies approve the effectiveness and safety of azilsartan medoxomil in patients with AH 1-2 grade...
December 2016: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272108/looking-for-new-diagnostic-tools-and-biomarkers-of-hypertension-in-obese-pediatric-patients
#20
Wojciech Strojny, Dorota Drozdz, Kamil Fijorek, Michał Korostynski, Marcin Piechota, Walentyna Balwierz, Jacek A Pietrzyk, Przemko Kwinta, Maciej Siedlar, Szymon Skoczen
INTRODUCTION: Development of obesity in childhood may be linked to an increased risk of hypertension. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed (a) to analyze the expression of genes associated with blood pressure (BP) in obese children, (b) to evaluate ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) as a diagnostic tool in hypertension in children, and (c) to assess the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in children with obesity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Office BP measurements and ABPM were performed in 49 children with obesity and 25 age-matched healthy children...
June 2017: Blood Pressure Monitoring
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