keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

in vivo whole cell recording

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334383/a-critical-role-of-inhibition-in-temporal-processing-maturation-in-the-primary-auditory-cortex
#1
Dongqin Cai, Rongrong Han, Miaomiao Liu, Fenghua Xie, Ling You, Yi Zheng, Limin Zhao, Jun Yao, Yiwei Wang, Yin Yue, Christoph E Schreiner, Kexin Yuan
Faithful representation of sound envelopes in primary auditory cortex (A1) is vital for temporal processing and perception of natural sounds. However, the emergence of cortical temporal processing mechanisms during development remains poorly understood. Although cortical inhibition has been proposed to play an important role in this process, direct in-vivo evidence has been lacking. Using loose-patch recordings in rat A1 immediately after hearing onset, we found that stimulus-following ability in fast-spiking neurons was significantly better than in regular-spiking (RS) neurons...
March 1, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325790/dopamine-terminals-from-the-ventral-tegmental-area-gate-intrinsic-inhibition-in-the-prefrontal-cortex
#2
William C Buchta, Stephen V Mahler, Benjamin Harlan, Gary S Aston-Jones, Arthur C Riegel
Spike frequency adaptation (SFA or accommodation) and calcium-activated potassium channels that underlie after-hyperpolarization potentials (AHP) regulate repetitive firing of neurons. Precisely how neuromodulators such as dopamine from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) regulate SFA and AHP (together referred to as intrinsic inhibition) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) remains unclear. Using whole cell electrophysiology, we measured intrinsic inhibition in prelimbic (PL) layer 5 pyramidal cells of male adult rats...
March 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314951/relaxin-3-rxfp3-signalling-in-mouse-hypothalamus-no-effect-of-rxfp3-activation-on-corticosterone-despite-reduced-presynaptic-excitatory-input-onto-paraventricular-crh-neurons-in-vitro
#3
C Zhang, D V Baimoukhametova, C M Smith, J S Bains, Andrew L Gundlach
Relaxin-3/RXFP3 signalling is proposed to be involved in the neuromodulatory control of arousal- and stress-related neural circuits. Furthermore, previous studies in rats have led to the proposal that relaxin-3/RXFP3 signalling is associated with activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, but direct evidence for RXFP3-related actions on the activity of hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) neurons is lacking. In this study, we investigated characteristics of the relaxin-3/RXFP3 system in mouse hypothalamus...
March 17, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299825/fingolimod-gilenya-%C3%A2-in-multiple-sclerosis-bradycardia-atrioventricular-blocks-and-mild-effect-on-the-qtc-interval-something-to-do-with-the-l-type-calcium-channel
#4
Sylvie Pilote, Chantale Simard, Benoit Drolet
Cardiac arrhythmias and ECG abnormalities including bradycardia, prolongation of the QT interval and atrioventricular (AV) conduction blocks have been extensively observed with fingolimod, the first marketed oral drug for treating the relapsing-remitting form of multiple sclerosis. The present study was aiming to further elucidate the effects of fingolimod on cardiac electrophysiology at three different levels; 1) in vitro, 2) ex vivo and 3) in vivo. 1) Patch-clamp experiments in whole cell configuration were performed on Cav 1...
March 16, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294161/in-vivo-imaging-of-the-muc5b-gel-forming-mucin
#5
Céline Portal, Valérie Gouyer, Mylène Magnien, Ségolène Plet, Frédéric Gottrand, Jean-Luc Desseyn
Gel-forming mucins are macromolecules produced by goblet cells and responsible for the mucus gel formation. Changes in goblet cell density and in gel-forming mucin production have emerged as sensitive indicators for mucosal diseases. A Muc5b-GFP tagged reporter mouse was used to assess Muc5b production in mouse tissues by immunofluorescence microscopy and fluorescent activity using stereromicroscopy and probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy. Muc5b production was followed longitudinally by recording the fluorescent activity in vagina and in embryonic lung explants under stimulation by interleukin 13...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263785/nociceptive-neuronal-fc-gamma-receptor-i-is-involved-in-igg-immune-complex-induced-pain-in-the-rat
#6
Haowu Jiang, Xinhua Shen, Zhiyong Chen, Fan Liu, Tao Wang, Yikuan Xie, Chao Ma
Antigen-specific immune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis are often accompanied by pain and hyperalgesia. Our previous studies have demonstrated that Fc-gamma-receptor type I (FcγRI) is expressed in a subpopulation of rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons and can be directly activated by IgG immune complex (IgG-IC). In this study we investigated whether neuronal FcγRI contributes to antigen-specific pain in the naïve and rheumatoid arthritis model rats. In vitro calcium imaging and whole-cell patch clamp recordings in dissociated DRG neurons revealed that only the small-, but not medium- or large-sized DRG neurons responded to IgG-IC...
March 2, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244309/functional-roles-of-the-edited-isoform-of-glua2-in-glua2-containing-ampa-receptor-channels
#7
Yan Han, Chi-Yen Lin, Li Niu
GluA2R is the edited isoform at the Q/R site of the AMPA receptor GluA2 subunit. In vivo, GluA2R assembles with other AMPA receptor subunits into a high-conductance, tetrameric complex. Here we study the functional role of GluA2R in the context of GluA1/2R and GluA2Q/2R heteromeric receptors, using whole-cell recording and a laser-pulse photolysis technique. We find the incorporation of GluA2R with GluA1 or GluA2Q slows the channel-opening and channel-closing rates; for GluA2Q/2R, it further lowers EC50, compared to the value of the GluA2Q homomeric channels...
March 9, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214516/saturation-of-long-term-potentiation-in-the-dorsal-cochlear-nucleus-and-its-pharmacological-reversal-in-an-experimental-model-of-tinnitus
#8
Thomas Tagoe, Daniel Deeping, Martine Hamann
Animal models have demonstrated that tinnitus is a pathology of dysfunctional excitability in the central auditory system, in particular in the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN) of the brainstem. We used a murine model and studied whether acoustic over-exposure leading to hearing loss and tinnitus, affects long-term potentiation (LTP) at DCN multisensory synapses. Whole cell and field potential recordings were used to study the effects on release probability and synaptic plasticity, respectively in brainstem slices...
February 16, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182698/prevention-of-remifentanil-induced-postoperative-hyperalgesia-by-dexmedetomidine-via-regulating-the-trafficking-and-function-of-spinal-nmda-receptors-as-well-as-pkc-and-camkii-level-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#9
Yuan Yuan, Zhe Sun, Yi Chen, Yuxin Zheng, Ke-Liang Xie, Ying He, Zhifen Wang, Guo-Lin Wang, Yong-Hao Yu
Remifentanil-induced secondary hyperalgesia has been demonstrated in both animal experiments and clinical trials. Enhancement of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor trafficking as well as protein kinase C (PKC) and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) have been reported to be involved in the induction and maintenance of central sensitization. In the current study, it was demonstrated that dexmedetomidine could prevent remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia (RIH) via regulating spinal NMDAR-PKC-Ca2+/ CaMKII pathway in vivo and in vitro...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139019/from-single-cells-single-columns-to-cortical-networks-dendritic-excitability-coincidence-detection-and-synaptic-transmission-in-brain-slices-and-brains
#10
Bert Sakmann
While patch pipettes were initially designed to record extracellularly elementary current events from muscle and neuron membrane, the whole-cell (eg Sakmann, 1992) and loose cell-attached recording configurations proved to be useful tools for examining signaling within and between nerve cells. In this Paton Lecture I will summarize first work on electrical signaling within single neurons, describing communication between its dendritic compartments, soma and nerve terminals via forward and backward propagating action potentials...
January 31, 2017: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126496/glycogen-synthase-kinase-3-beta-alters-anxiety-depression-and-addiction-related-behaviors-and-neuronal-activity-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-shell
#11
Elizabeth J Crofton, Miroslav N Nenov, Yafang Zhang, Federico Scala, Sean A Page, David L McCue, Dingge Li, Jonathan D Hommel, Fernanda Laezza, Thomas A Green
Psychiatric disorders such as anxiety, depression and addiction are often comorbid brain pathologies thought to share common mechanistic biology. As part of the cortico-limbic circuit, the nucleus accumbens shell (NAcSh) plays a fundamental role in integrating information in the circuit, such that modulation of NAcSh circuitry alters anxiety, depression, and addiction-related behaviors. Intracellular kinase cascades in the NAcSh have proven important mediators of behavior. To investigate glycogen-synthase kinase 3 (GSK3) beta signaling in the NAcSh in vivo we knocked down GSK3beta expression with a novel adeno-associated viral vector (AAV2) and assessed changes in anxiety- and depression-like behavior and cocaine self-administration in GSK3beta knockdown rats...
January 23, 2017: Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119060/conditional-knockout-of-fgf13-in-murine-hearts-increases-arrhythmia-susceptibility-and-reveals-novel-ion-channel-modulatory-roles
#12
Xiangchong Wang, He Tang, Eric Q Wei, Zhihua Wang, Jing Yang, Rong Yang, Sheng Wang, Yongjian Zhang, Geoffrey S Pitt, Hailin Zhang, Chuan Wang
The intracellular fibroblast growth factors (iFGF/FHFs) bind directly to cardiac voltage gated Na(+) channels, and modulate their function. Mutations that affect iFGF/FHF-Na(+) channel interaction are associated with arrhythmia syndromes. Although suspected to modulate other ionic currents, such as Ca(2+) channels based on acute knockdown experiments in isolated cardiomyocytes, the in vivo consequences of iFGF/FHF gene ablation on cardiac electrical activity are still unknown. We generated inducible, cardiomyocyte-restricted Fgf13 knockout mice to determine the resultant effects of Fgf13 gene ablation...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116546/cortical-synaptic-transmission-and-plasticity-in-acute-liver-failure-are-decreased-by-presynaptic-events
#13
Mariusz Popek, Bartosz Bobula, Joanna Sowa, Grzegorz Hess, Rafał Polowy, Robert Kuba Filipkowski, Małgorzata Frontczak-Baniewicz, Barbara Zabłocka, Jan Albrecht, Magdalena Zielińska
Neurological symptoms of acute liver failure (ALF) reflect decreased excitatory transmission, but the status of ALF-affected excitatory synapse has not been characterized in detail. We studied the effects of ALF in mouse on synaptic transmission and plasticity ex vivo and its relation to distribution of (i) synaptic vesicles (sv) and (ii) functional synaptic proteins within the synapse. ALF-competent neurological and biochemical changes were induced in mice with azoxymethane (AOM). Electrophysiological characteristics (long-term potentiation, whole-cell recording) as well as synapse ultrastructure were evaluated in the cerebral cortex...
January 23, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114593/murine-autoimmune-optic-neuritis-is-not-phenotypically-altered-by-the-retinal-degeneration-8-mutation
#14
Aleksandar Stojic, Richard Fairless, Susanne C Beck, Vithiyanjali Sothilingam, Petra Weissgerber, Ulrich Wissenbach, Valerie Gimmy, Mathias W Seeliger, Veit Flockerzi, Ricarda Diem, Sarah K Williams
Purpose: To investigate whether the presence of the retinal degeneration 8 (rd8) mutation in C57BL/6 mice alters the phenotype of autoimmune optic neuritis (AON). Methods: C57BL/6J and C57BL/6N mice were genotyped for the rd8 mutation and fundus analyses and examination of retinal layer morphology were performed in vivo by scanning laser ophthalmoscopy and optical coherence tomography. Visual function was assessed by recording electroretinographs, and visual evoked potentials and retinae and optic nerves were assessed histopathologically...
January 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114421/immediate-effects-of-repetitive-magnetic-stimulation-on-single-cortical-pyramidal-neurons
#15
Jineta Banerjee, Mary E Sorrell, Pablo A Celnik, Galit Pelled
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) has been successfully used as a non-invasive therapeutic intervention for several neurological disorders in the clinic as well as an investigative tool for basic neuroscience. rTMS has been shown to induce long-term changes in neuronal circuits in vivo. Such long-term effects of rTMS have been investigated using behavioral, imaging, electrophysiological, and molecular approaches, but there is limited understanding of the immediate effects of TMS on neurons...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113210/fim2c-a-multi-colour-multi-purpose-imaging-system-to-manipulate-and-analyse-animal-behaviour
#16
Benjamin Risse, Nils Otto, Dimitri Berh, Xiaoyi Jiang, Matthias Kiel, Christian Klambt
In vivo whole-body imaging of small animals plays an important role for biomedical studies. In particular, animals like the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster or the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans are popular model organisms for preclinical research since they offer sophisticated genetic tool-kits. Recording these translucent animals with high contrast in a large arena is however not trivial. Furthermore fluorescent proteins are widely used to mark cells in vivo and report their functions. This paper introduces a novel optical imaging technique called FIM2c enabling simultaneous detection of the animals posture and movement as well as fluorescent markers like GFP...
May 18, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100741/control-of-spike-transfer-at-hippocampal-mossy-fiber-synapses-in-vivo-by-gabaa-and-gabab-receptor-mediated-inhibition
#17
Stefano Zucca, Marilena Griguoli, Meryl Malézieux, Noëlle Grosjean, Mario Carta, Christophe Mulle
Despite extensive studies in hippocampal slices and incentive from computational theories, the synaptic mechanisms underlying information transfer at mossy fiber (mf) connections between the dentate gyrus (DG) and CA3 neurons in vivo are still elusive. Here we used an optogenetic approach in mice to selectively target and control the activity of DG granule cells (GCs) while performing whole-cell and juxtacellular recordings of CA3 neurons in vivo In CA3 pyramidal cells (PCs), mf-CA3 synaptic responses consisted predominantly of an IPSP at low stimulation frequency (0...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099880/modifications-of-inhibitory-transmission-onto-pyramidal-neurons-by-postnatal-exposure-to-mk-801-effects-of-enriched-environment
#18
Amir Shojaei, Afsaneh Kamali Anaraki, Javad Mirnajafi-Zadeh, Nafiseh Atapour
Early enriched environment (EE) prevents several deficits associated with postnatal MK-801 [N-Methyl-d-Aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist] treatment such as cognitive and locomotor deficits. We sought physiological correlates to such changes by looking at inhibitory synaptic inputs onto pyramidal cells in a prefrontal cortex slice preparation. Pharmacologically isolated γ-amino-butyric acid A (GABAA) receptor-mediated currents were measured using whole-cell patch clamp recordings. Wistar rats were raised in standard or EE from birth up to the time of experiments and were injected with saline or MK-801 (1mg/kg) on postnatal days (P) 6-10...
April 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075010/stimulatory-actions-of-a-novel-thiourea-derivative-on-large-conductance-calcium-activated-potassium-channels
#19
Sheng-Nan Wu, Jyh-Haur Chern, Santai Shen, Hwei-Hisen Chen, Ying-Ting Hsu, Chih-Chin Lee, Ming-Huan Chan, Ming-Chi Lai, Feng-Shiun Shie
AIM: In this study, we examine whether an anti-inflammatory thiourea derivative, compound #326, actions on ion channels. METHODS: The effects of compound #326 on Ca(2+) -activated K(+) channels were evaluated by patch-clamp recordings obtained in cell-attached, inside-out or whole-cell configuration. RESULTS: In pituitary GH3 cells, compound #326 increased the amplitude of Ca(2+) -activated K(+) currents (IK(Ca) ) with an EC50 value of 11...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986658/kv%C3%AE-1-1-akr6a8-senses-pyridine-nucleotide-changes-in-the-mouse-heart-and-modulates-cardiac-electrical-activity
#20
Jared Tur, Kalyan C Chapalamadugu, Christopher Katnik, Javier Cuevas, Aruni Bhatnagar, Srinivas M Tipparaju
The present study investigates the physiological role of Kvβ1 subunit for sensing pyridine nucleotide (NADH/NAD+) changes in the heart. We used Kvβ1.1 knockout (KO) or wild-type (WT) mice and established that Kvβ1.1 preferentially binds with Kv4.2 and senses the pyridine nucleotide changes in the heart. The cellular action potential duration (APD) obtained from WT cardiomyocytes showed longer APDs with lactate perfusion, which increases intracellular NADH levels, while the APDs remained unaltered in the Kvβ1...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
keyword
keyword
90908
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"