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Dietary counselling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535154/randomised-controlled-trial-of-early-prophylactic-feeding-vs-standard-care-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#1
Teresa E Brown, Merrilyn D Banks, Brett G M Hughes, Charles Y Lin, Lizbeth M Kenny, Judith D Bauer
BACKGROUND: Weight loss remains significant in patients with head and neck cancer, despite prophylactic gastrostomy and intensive dietary counseling. The aim of this study was to improve outcomes utilising an early nutrition intervention. METHODS: Patients with head and neck cancer at a tertiary hospital in Australia referred for prophylactic gastrostomy prior to curative intent treatment were eligible for this single centre randomised controlled trial. Exclusions included severe malnutrition or dysphagia...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533672/effect-of-a-counseling-supported-treatment-with-the-mediterranean-diet-and-physical-activity-on-the-severity-of-the-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#2
Chiara Gelli, Mirko Tarocchi, Ludovico Abenavoli, Laura Di Renzo, Andrea Galli, Antonino De Lorenzo
AIM: To determine the clinical effectiveness of nutritional counseling on reduction of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) severity, weight loss, metabolic and anthropometric indexes and liver enzymes. METHODS: Forty-six adults with NAFLD received a 6-mo clinical and a dietary intervention (based on Mediterranean diet) carried out respectively by a gastroenterologist and a nutritionist with counseling license. The counseling process consisted of monthly meeting (about 45 min each)...
May 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531232/changes-in-primary-healthcare-providers-attitudes-and-counseling-behaviors-related-to-dietary-sodium-reduction-docstyles-2010-and-2015
#3
Zerleen S Quader, Mary E Cogswell, Jing Fang, Sallyann M Coleman King, Robert K Merritt
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The 2013 ACC/AHA Lifestyle Management Guideline recommends counseling pre-hypertensive and hypertensive patients to reduce sodium intake. Population sodium reduction efforts have been introduced in recent years, and dietary guidelines continued to emphasize sodium reduction in 2010 and 2015. The objective of this analysis was to determine changes in primary health care providers' sodium-reduction attitudes and counseling between 2010 and 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526664/effect-of-a-counseling-session-bolstered-by-text-messaging-on-self-selected-health-behaviors-in-college-students-a-preliminary-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Janice Sandrick, Doreen Tracy, Arn Eliasson, Ashley Roth, Jeffrey Bartel, Melanie Simko, Tracy Bowman, Karen Harouse-Bell, Mariam Kashani, Marina Vernalis
BACKGROUND: The college experience is often the first time when young adults live independently and make their own lifestyle choices. These choices affect dietary behaviors, exercise habits, techniques to deal with stress, and decisions on sleep time, all of which direct the trajectory of future health. There is a need for effective strategies that will encourage healthy lifestyle choices in young adults attending college. OBJECTIVE: This preliminary randomized controlled trial tested the effect of coaching and text messages (short message service, SMS) on self-selected health behaviors in the domains of diet, exercise, stress, and sleep...
May 17, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526387/adequacy-of-nutrient-intake-in-women-with-restrictive-anorexia-nervosa
#5
Chiara Chiurazzi, Iolanda Cioffi, Carmela De Caprio, Emilia De Filippo, Maurizio Marra, Rosa Sammarco, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess energy and nutrient intake in a group of women with restrictive AN (r-AN) compared with a control group. METHODS: Thirteen r-AN patients and 13 healthy female controls completed 7-d food records. Intake of macro- and micronutrients was compared between the two groups as well as to the Dietary Reference Intake for the Italian Population (LARN) for specific ages. Additionally, the r-AN patients underwent indirect calorimetry for measuring resting energy expenditure (REE)...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509782/an-update-on-the-impact-of-food-allergy-on-anxiety-and-quality-of-life
#6
Marcus S Shaker, Jonathan Schwartz, Morgan Ferguson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Food allergies have become more common, and management involves dietary avoidance that can impair quality of life. Patients and families must manage the daily risk of anaphylaxis at each meal. The purpose of this review is to describe the impact of food allergies on quality of life and to provide an update on new developments in food allergy management, particularly peanut allergy. RECENT FINDINGS: Food allergy requires careful avoidance of common and ubiquitous dietary allergens...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466498/dietary-analysis-and-nutritional-counselling-for-caries-prevention-in-dental-practice-a-pilot-study
#7
Melanie J Hayes, Berenice Cheng, Ross Musolino, Adam A Rogers
BACKGROUND: Dental practitioners agree that dietary counselling is essential for caries prevention, however they provide advice infrequently due to a lack of confidence and competence. This study aimed to improve practices through an online training module exploring the use of a brief counselling method, and a diet assessment of caries risk form. METHODS: Dental practitioners (N = 41) completed a survey on current practices and confidence in providing dietary advice, followed by an online training module...
May 3, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465125/protein-intake-and-physical-activity-are-associated-with-body-composition-in-individuals-with-phenylalanine-hydroxylase-deficiency
#8
Rati Jani, Kathryn Coakley, Teresa Douglas, Rani Singh
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether body composition as it relates to dietary protein in patients with phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency is associated with genotype, dietary factors, and lifestyle choices. METHODS: We examined associations between protein intake (intact and medical foods: MF) and body composition in PAH-deficient patients along with, physical activity, and genotype. Protein intakes (total, intact, and MF) were analysed from three-day food records with Nutrition Data System for Research (NDSR) in 59 children and 27 adults (N=86, median age=16...
April 28, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456542/dietary-sodium-restriction-reduces-nocturnal-urine-volume-and-nocturnal-polyuria-index-in-renal-allograft-recipients-with-nocturnal-polyuria
#9
Yoshinaga Okumura, Kanae Asai, Takashi Kobayashi, Hitomi Miyata, Yukari Tanaka, Yoshiyuki Okada, Kaoru Sakai, Tomomi Kamba, Hidemi Tsuji, Kenichiro Shide, Kazuaki Nagashima, Motoko Yanagita, Nobuya Inagaki, Osamu Ogawa, Hiromitsu Negoro
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether sodium restriction alters nocturnal urine volume (NUV) and the ratio of NUV to 24-hr urine of renal allograft recipients (RAR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, single-center study analyzed 38 of the 59 RARs who were followed for more than 6 months in our hospital. All patients underwent three sessions of dietary counseling performed by a board-certified dietitian. Before and after these three sessions, 24-hr urine samples were collected, along with voiding frequency volume charts...
April 26, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448088/individually-tailored-dietary-counseling-among-old-home-care-clients-effects-on-nutritional-status
#10
S Pölönen, M Tiihonen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of individually tailored dietary counseling on nutritional status among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample consisted of 224 home care clients (≥ 75 years) (intervention group, n = 127; control group, n = 100) who were at protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) or risk of PEM (MNA score <24 and plasma albumin <35 g/L)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437535/clinical-aspects-of-glucose-transporter-type-1-deficiency-information-from-a-global-registry
#11
Jian Hao, Dorothy I Kelly, Jianzhong Su, Juan M Pascual
Importance: Case reports regularly document unique or unusual aspects of glucose transporter type 1 deficiency (G1D). In contrast, population studies from which to draw global inferences are lacking. Twenty-five years after the earliest case reports, this deficiency still particularly affects treatment and prognostic counseling. Objective: To examine the most common features of G1D. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this study, data were collected electronically from 181 patients with G1D through a web-based, worldwide patient registry from December 1, 2013, through December 1, 2016...
April 24, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437029/the-men-s-eating-and-living-meal-study-calgb-70807-alliance-recruitment-feasibility-and-baseline-demographics-of-a-randomized-trial-of-diet-in-men-on-active-surveillance-for-prostate-cancer
#12
J Kellogg Parsons, John P Pierce, James Mohler, Electra Paskett, Sin-Ho Jung, Michael J Morris, Eric Small, Olwen Hahn, Peter Humphrey, John Taylor, James Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of performing national, randomized trials of dietary interventions for localized prostate cancer. METHODS: The Men's Eating and Living (MEAL) Study (CALGB 70807 [Alliance]) is a phase 3 clinical trial testing the efficacy of a high-vegetable diet to prevent progression in prostate cancer patients on active surveillance. Participants were randomized to a validated diet counseling intervention or a control condition. Chi-Square and Kruskal Wallis analyses were used to assess between-group differences at baseline...
April 24, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434208/dietary-interventions-for-adults-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#13
REVIEW
Suetonia C Palmer, Jasjot K Maggo, Katrina L Campbell, Jonathan C Craig, David W Johnson, Bernadet Sutanto, Marinella Ruospo, Allison Tong, Giovanni Fm Strippoli
BACKGROUND: Dietary changes are routinely recommended in people with chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the basis of randomised evidence in the general population and non-randomised studies in CKD that suggest certain healthy eating patterns may prevent cardiovascular events and lower mortality. People who have kidney disease have prioritised dietary modifications as an important treatment uncertainty. OBJECTIVES: This review evaluated the benefits and harms of dietary interventions among adults with CKD including people with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) treated with dialysis or kidney transplantation...
April 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433465/dumping-symptoms-is-triggered-by-fat-as-well-as-carbohydrates-in-patients-operated-with-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#14
Anna Laurenius, Malin Werling, Carel W le Roux, Lars Fändriks, Torsten Olbers
BACKGROUND: Dumping syndrome after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is traditionally associated with the consumption of refined carbohydrates, but the role of dietary fat is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study compares symptoms after consumption of a carbohydrate-rich or fat-rich beverage to determine perceived symptoms, glycemic control, and pulse rate. SETTING: University hospital. METHODS: We assessed perceived symptoms (Sigstad's Dumping Index) and glycemic control (P-glucose and S-insulin) as well as autonomic nervous system activity (reflected by arterial pulse rate) after a standardized liquid meal test (440 kcal/300 mL carbohydrates [CARB] or fat [FAT]) in a randomized crossover blinded setting...
March 1, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433072/correlations-of-dietary-energy-and-protein-intakes-with-renal-function-impairment-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-with-or-without-diabetes
#15
Mei-En Chen, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Hung-Chun Chen, Chi-Chih Hung, Hsin-Chia Hung, Shao-Chun Liu, Tsai-Jiin Wu, Meng-Chuan Huang
Dietary energy and protein intake can affect progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD complicated with diabetes is often associated with a decline in renal function. We investigated the relative importance of dietary energy intake (DEI) and dietary protein intake (DPI) to renal function indicators in nondiabetic and diabetic CKD patients. A total of 539 Stage 3-5 CKD patients [estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation] with or without diabetes were recruited from outpatient clinics of Nephrology and Nutrition in a medical center in Taiwan...
May 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428728/randomized-face-to-face-vs-home-exercise-interventions-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#16
Danielle Symons Downs, Jennifer M Dinallo, Leann L Birch, Ian M Paul, Jan S Ulbrecht
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate effects of a theoretically-based, semi-intensive (Face-to-Face; F2F) exercise intervention and minimum-contact (Home) exercise intervention to the standard care (Control) on exercise, its motivational determinants, blood glucose levels, and insulin use of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Randomized control trial with two intervention arms and control (standard care). METHOD: Participants (N=65) were randomized to a Control (standard prenatal care/GDM dietary counseling), Home (standard care + phone education/support + home exercise), or F2F (standard care + on-site education/support + guided exercise with instructor on 2 days/week) group from ~20 weeks gestation to delivery...
May 2017: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427311/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-clinic-based-mediterranean-style-diet-intervention-to-reduce-cardiovascular-risk-for-hispanic-americans-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Laura Cubillos, Yanire Estrada Del Campo, Khalil Harbi, Thomas Keyserling, Carmen Samuel-Hodge, Daniel S Reuland
Purpose The purpose of the study was to modify a previously tested Spanish language version of a Mediterranean (Med)-style dietary intervention so that the dietary recommendations align with the cultural and social needs of Hispanic Americans (HAs) with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and evaluate the modified intervention's feasibility and acceptability. Methods In phase I (formative), semi-structured interviews and focus groups were used to refine the intervention content and format for delivery to HAs with T2D receiving care at a large primary care practice...
June 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424045/a-modified-mediterranean-dietary-intervention-for-adults-with-major-depression-dietary-protocol-and-feasibility-data-from-the-smiles-trial
#18
Rachelle S Opie, Adrienne O'Neil, Felice N Jacka, Josephine Pizzinga, Catherine Itsiopoulos
BACKGROUND: The SMILES trial was the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) explicitly designed to evaluate a dietary intervention, conducted by qualified dietitians, for reducing depressive symptomatology in adults with clinical depression. OBJECTIVES: Here we detail the development of the prescribed diet (modified Mediterranean diet (ModiMedDiet)) for individuals with major depressive disorders (MDDs) that was designed specifically for the SMILES trial. We also present data demonstrating the extent to which this intervention achieved improvements in diet quality...
April 19, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422809/associations-between-dietary-intake-prior-to-6-months-of-age-and-rapid-weight-gain-among-hiv-exposed-uninfected-infants
#19
Daniela Neri, Fernanda C Oliveira, Aline M Carvalho, Gabriel A Somarriba, Gwendolyn B Scott, Tracie L Miller
INTRODUCTION: HIV-exposed, uninfected (HEU) infants are potentially at risk for cardiovascular disease due to in utero exposures. Feeding practices of the infant could compound this risk. However, few studies have evaluated dietary intake of HEU infants. We determined dietary factors associated with rapid weight gain (RWG) among HEU infants from birth to 6 months followed at the University of Miami HIV Screening Program. METHODS: In this cross-sectional analysis, logistic regression was used to determine dietary factors associated with RWG defined as a greater than 0...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404834/promotion-of-orange-fleshed-sweet-potato-increased-vitamin-a-intakes-and-reduced-the-odds-of-low-retinol-binding-protein-among-postpartum-kenyan-women
#20
Amy Webb Girard, Frederick Grant, Michelle Watkinson, Haile Selassie Okuku, Rose Wanjala, Donald Cole, Carol Levin, Jan Low
Background: Orange-fleshed sweet potato (OFSP) improves vitamin A (VA) status of young children; research with pregnant and lactating women is limited.Objective: We examined the effectiveness of the Mama SASHA (Sweetpotato Action for Security and Health in Africa) program to improve nutrition knowledge, diets, and nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women (PLW) in Western Kenya.Methods: Eight health facilities were allocated to the Mama SASHA intervention or comparison arms. PLW in intervention facilities received enhanced nutrition counseling at health clinics, were linked with community-based maternal support groups, and received vouchers for OFSP vine cuttings...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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