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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209636/a-randomized-crossover-trial-of-dietary-sodium-restriction-in-stage-3-4-ckd
#1
Rajiv Saran, Robin L Padilla, Brenda W Gillespie, Michael Heung, Scott L Hummel, Vimal Kumar Derebail, Bertram Pitt, Nathan W Levin, Fansan Zhu, Samer R Abbas, Li Liu, Peter Kotanko, Philip Klemmer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are often volume expanded and hypertensive. Few controlled studies have assessed the effects of a sodium-restricted diet (SRD) in CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted a randomized crossover trial to evaluate the effect of SRD (target <2 g sodium per day) versus usual diet on hydration status (by bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy) and blood pressure (BP) between May of 2009 and May of 2013...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192847/-gastroparesis-in-noonan-syndrome
#2
Konstantin G Heimrich, Falk Gühne, Solveig Schulz, Stephanie Mutschke, Andreas Stallmach, Jessica Rüddel
We present a case of a 26-year-old female patient with bloating, postprandial nausea and recurrent vomiting after solid food intake. A gastric emptying scintigraphy showed a delayed gastric emptying, defining gastroparesis. Because of her past medical history of short stature and pulmonary stenosis, we initiated genetic counseling where the diagnosis of Noonan syndrome was made. Dietary therapy and medication with domperidone quickly led to relief of the discomfort due to gastroparesis. However, prokinetics are not indicated for long-term therapy, as cardiac arrhythmia may occur...
February 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179488/social-franchising-and-a-nationwide-mass-media-campaign-increased-the-prevalence-of-adequate-complementary-feeding-in-vietnam-a-cluster-randomized-program-evaluation
#3
Rahul Rawat, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Lan Mai Tran, Nemat Hajeebhoy, Huan Van Nguyen, Jean Baker, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Background: Rigorous evaluations of health system-based interventions in large-scale programs to improve complementary feeding (CF) practices are limited. Alive & Thrive applied principles of social franchising within the government health system in Vietnam to improve the quality of interpersonal counseling (IPC) for infant and young child feeding combined with a national mass media (MM) campaign and community mobilization (CM). Objective: We evaluated the impact of enhanced IPC + MM + CM (intensive) compared with standard IPC + less-intensive MM and CM (nonintensive) on CF practices and anthropometric indicators...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177739/effects-of-aerobic-or-resistance-training-or-both-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-youth-with-obesity-the-hearty-trial
#4
Gary S Goldfield, Glen P Kenny, Angela S Alberga, Heather E Tulloch, Steve Doucette, Jameason D Cameron, Ronald J Sigal
This study examined the effects of aerobic and resistance training, and their combination on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in adolescents with overweight or obesity. After a 4-week run-in period, 304 (91 males, 213 females) post-pubertal adolescents aged 14-18 years, were randomized to 4 groups for 22 weeks of: aerobic training (N=75), resistance training (N=78), combined aerobic and resistance training (N=75), or non-exercising control (N=76). All participants received dietary counseling with a daily energy deficit of 250 kcal...
December 9, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168177/effect-of-nutrition-counseling-program-on-weight-control-in-obese-university-students
#5
Bo Ryeong Kim, Seung Yeon Seo, Na Gyeong Oh, Jung-Sook Seo
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of nutrition counseling program and related factors on weight control for obese university students. Subjects were 24 students with a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or above. The program was conducted from September 16th to November 18th, 2015. Change of body composition, blood index and nutrient intake were observed in subjects before and after the program. The average age of the subjects was 23.2 years old and the percentage of male and female was 66.7% and 33...
January 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161859/infant-adiposity-is-independently-associated-with-a-maternal-high-fat-diet-but-not-related-to-niacin-intake-the-healthy-start-study
#6
Allison L B Shapiro, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Jill M Norris, Linda A Barbour, Jacob E Friedman, Dana Dabelea
Objectives Over-nutrition during pregnancy resulting from maternal obesity or an unhealthy diet can lead to excess infant adiposity at birth. Specific dietary macro- and micronutrients have been shown to increase fat cell development in both in-vitro and in-vivo models and may therefore link maternal diet to increased infant adiposity. We hypothesized that high maternal dietary niacin intake during pregnancy, especially in combination with a high-fat diet (HFD) would increase infant adiposity. Methods We included 1040 participants from a pre-birth cohort of mother-infant pairs...
February 4, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156586/the-effectiveness-of-nutritional-sensitive-approach-to-restore-physical-activity-in-cachexic-female-palliative-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
(no author information available yet)
: 258 Background: Loss of lean body mass, body fat along with inflammation characterizes cachexia in patients with cancer. Nutrition intervention with counseling may ameliorate undernutrition and metabolic alterations. The aim of this study was to improve nutritional status and quality of life by providing nutrients dense natural food (IAtta) along with counseling. METHODS: Female patients with cancerwith symptoms of cachexia were randomly distributed into placebo (n = 75) and intervention group (n = 75)...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150480/adequate-dietary-fiber-supplement-along-with-tone-concept-can-help-avoid-surgery-in-most-patients-with-advanced-hemorrhoids
#8
Pankaj Garg, Pratiksha Singh
BACKGROUND: The root cause of hemorrhoids are three deranged defecation habits (DDH) - (1) increased straining, (2) prolonged defecation-time and, (3) frequent bowel-motions. These DDH are responsible for development of new hemorrhoids, progression of existing hemorrhoids and hemorrhoidal rupture (bleeding). DDH can be corrected by TONE concept. TONE entails specifying exact treatment goals (T-Three minutes at defecation, O-Once a day defecation- frequency, N-No straining during passing motions, E-Enough fiber)...
February 1, 2017: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145792/from-evidence-to-clinical-practice
#9
Tina Munk, Nina Bruun, Michael A Nielsen, Thordis Thomsen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate if a protein-enriched menu in conjunction with individualized dietary counseling would increase energy and protein intake in hospitalized patients at nutrition risk compared with providing the protein-enriched menu as a stand-alone intervention. METHOD: Data from medical and surgical hospitalized patients were prospectively collected and compared with a historical intervention group (HIG). Primary outcome was the number of patients achieving >75% of energy and protein requirements...
January 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144914/the-sarcopenia-and-physical-frailty-in-older-people-multi-component-treatment-strategies-sprintt-randomized-controlled-trial-design-and-methods
#10
Francesco Landi, Matteo Cesari, Riccardo Calvani, Antonio Cherubini, Mauro Di Bari, Raphael Bejuit, Jerome Mshid, Sandrine Andrieu, Alan J Sinclair, Cornel C Sieber, Bruno Vellas, Eva Topinkova, Timo Strandberg, Leocadio Rodriguez-Manas, Fabrizia Lattanzio, Marco Pahor, Ronenn Roubenoff, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Roberto Bernabei, Emanuele Marzetti
The sustainability of health and social care systems is threatened by a growing population of older persons with heterogeneous needs related to multimorbidity, frailty, and increased risk of functional impairment. Since disability is difficult to reverse in old age and is extremely burdensome for individuals and society, novel strategies should be devised to preserve adequate levels of function and independence in late life. The development of mobility disability, an early event in the disablement process, precedes and predicts more severe forms of inability...
January 31, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116152/the-effects-of-compliance-with-nutritional-counselling-on-body-composition-parameters-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-under-radiotherapy
#11
D Hopanci Bicakli, O Ozkaya Akagunduz, R Meseri Dalak, M Esassolak, R Uslu, M Uyar
Background. Radiotherapy (RT) has been associated with increased risk of malnutrition in cancer patients, particularly in those with head and neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the effects of compliance of patients with individual dietary counselling on body composition parameters in HNC patients under RT. Material and Methods. Sixty-nine consecutive patients (mean age: 61.0 ± 13.8) were prospectively followed. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) was performed to determine body composition parameters before, in the middle of, and at the end of RT...
2017: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114909/low-glycemic-index-diet-exercise-and-vitamin-d-to-reduce-breast-cancer-recurrence-dedica-design-of-a-clinical-trial
#12
Livia S A Augustin, Massimo Libra, Anna Crispo, Maria Grimaldi, Michele De Laurentiis, Massimo Rinaldo, Massimiliano D'Aiuto, Francesca Catalano, Giuseppe Banna, Francesco Ferrau', Rosalba Rossello, Diego Serraino, Ettore Bidoli, Samuele Massarut, Guglielmo Thomas, Davide Gatti, Ernesta Cavalcanti, Monica Pinto, Gabriele Riccardi, Edward Vidgen, Cyril W C Kendall, David J A Jenkins, Gennaro Ciliberto, Maurizio Montella
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms influencing breast cancer (BC) development and recurrence include hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, high insulin-like growth factor-1, high circulating estrogen, inflammation and impaired cellular differentiation/apoptosis. A lifestyle program that targets all the above mechanisms may be warranted. Low glycemic index (GI) foods produce lower post-prandial glucose and insulin responses and have been associated with lower BC risk. Moderate physical activity post-diagnosis reduces BC recurrence and mortality, partly explained by reduced insulin and estrogen levels...
January 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099665/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-for-preschoolers-clinical-trial-with-teenage-mothers
#13
Betina Soldateli, Alvaro Vigo, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of educational dietary intervention offered in the child's first year of life, as well as teenage mothers and grandmothers in carrying out the dietary recommendations at four to seven years. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial initiated in 2006, in Porto Alegre, RS, involving 323 teenage mothers and grandmothers who cohabited. The intervention consisted of six counseling sessions on breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding. The first session occurred in the maternity ward and the other ones in the households of mothers at seven, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days of the child's life...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098052/effect-of-maternal-dietary-counselling-during-the-1st-year-of-life-on-glucose-profile-and-insulin-resistance-at-the-age-of-8-years-a-randomised-field-trial
#14
Cintia S Costa, Paula D B Campagnolo, L H Lumey, Marcia R Vitolo
Education interventions that stimulate complementary feeding practices can improve the nutritional status of children and may protect against future chronic diseases. We assessed the long-term effectiveness of dietary intervention during the 1st year of life on insulin resistance levels, and investigated the relationship between insulin resistance and weight changes over time. A randomised field trial was conducted among 500 mothers who gave birth to full-term infants between October 2001 and June 2002 in a low-income area in São Leopoldo, Brazil...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077835/-development-and-effects-of-a-heart-health-diary-for-self-care-enhancement-of-patients-with-heart-failure
#15
Jae Lan Shim, Seon Young Hwang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a heart health diary to promote self-care ability among patients with heart failure (HF), and to identify the diary's effect on self-care adherence, self-efficacy, and physical activity. METHODS: A randomized control-group pretestposttest design was adopted using block randomization. A calender-typed health diary was developed and it included a self-care checklist and education information on HF management. The experimental group were given guided counseling and education for 8 weeks and wrote a daily health diary during that period...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076479/dietary-management-for-dyslipidemia-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#16
Andressa S Pinto, Marcio F Chedid, Léa T Guerra, Daiane D Cabeleira, Cleber D P Kruel
Background: Dyslipidemia occurs in approximately 70% of all liver transplant (LT) recipients, and no prior control studies have demonstrated any dietary intervention to change it. Aim: To analyze the effects of a dietary intervention on the lipid profile of dyslipidemic LT recipients. Methods: All LT recipients with dyslipidemia on clinical follow-up were enrolled. Anthropometric evaluation, food history, body composition (bioimpedance) and assessment of basal metabolism through indirect calorimetry were performed...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075418/serum-polychlorinated-biphenyls-increase-and-oxidative-stress-decreases-with-a-protein-pacing-caloric-restriction-diet-in-obese-men-and-women
#17
Feng He, Li Zuo, Emery Ward, Paul J Arciero
The purposes were to compare the effects of a: (1) 12-week P-CR weight loss (WL) diet (Phase 1) between obese men and women and; (2) 52-week modified P-CR (mP-CR) vs. heart healthy (HH) weight maintenance (WM) diet (Phase 2) on serum PCBs and oxidative stress biomarkers (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, TBARS; total antioxidant capacity, TAC) in 40 obese participants (men, n = 21; women, n = 19). Participants received dietary counseling and monitoring of compliance. PCBs, TBARS, and TAC were assessed at weeks -1 (CON), 12 (WL), and 64 (WM)...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062265/community-based-healthy-lifestyle-interventions
#18
REVIEW
Kathy Berra, Barry Franklin, Catriona Jennings
In an environment in which most people have lifestyles that increase risk for initial or recurrent cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, community-based healthy lifestyle initiatives are highly effective in providing programs, education and support to reduce associated CVD risk factors and improve outcomes. Pioneering programs, such as the Stanford Three Community and Five Cities studies, and the North Karelia project in Finland, served as prototypes for current initiatives. These include partnerships with national organizations (e...
January 4, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051354/effect-of-almond-supplementation-on-glycemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-asian-indians-in-north-india-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-24-week-study
#19
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Ravindra M Pandey
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) statistics have reached menacing proportions in India. Appropriate dietary intervention, as part of healthy lifestyle, is imperative to curb further spread of this disease. OBJECTIVES: This pre-post intervention study was conducted in New Delhi, India, to investigate the effects of daily consumption of almonds for 24 weeks in T2D subjects, specifically on measures of glycemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this study, the 24-week intervention period was preceded by a control diet and exercise run-in period of 3 weeks...
January 4, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031374/large-scale-behavior-change-initiative-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-advanced-language-and-motor-development-in-a-cluster-randomized-program-evaluation-in-bangladesh
#20
Edward A Frongillo, Phuong H Nguyen, Kuntal K Saha, Tina Sanghvi, Kaosar Afsana, Raisul Haque, Jean Baker, Marie T Ruel, Rahul Rawat, Purnima Menon
BACKGROUND: Promoting adequate nutrition through interventions to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) has the potential to contribute to child development. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether an intensive intervention package that was aimed at improving IYCF at scale through the Alive & Thrive initiative in Bangladesh also advanced language and gross motor development, and whether advancements in language and gross motor development were explained through improved complementary feeding...
February 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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