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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167076/the-convergence-of-two-epidemics-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-obese-school-aged-children
#1
REVIEW
Linda Cheng
PROBLEM: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and obesity are two interrelated global epidemics that affect school-aged children. This article will review the relationship between VDD and obesity in school-aged children and implications it has for the pediatric nurse (PN). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Original articles of studies, review articles and meta-analyses were selected from the past 5years and pooled for review. These included obese school-aged children who had vitamin D insufficiency...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158896/factors-associated-with-minimal-meal-frequency-and-dietary-diversity-practices-among-infants-and-young-children-in-the-predominantly-agrarian-society-of-bale-zone-southeast-ethiopia-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#2
Mekonnen Tegegne, Semere Sileshi, Tomas Benti, Mulusew Teshome, Haile Woldie
Background: Poor infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in the first 2 years of age are among major causes of childhood malnutrition, in developing countries including Ethiopia. It results in irreversible outcomes of stunting, poor cognitive development, and significantly increases risks of many chronic and infectious diseases. This study was intended to assess factors associated with minimum meal frequency and minimum dietary diversity practice among children aged 6-23 months in the predominantly agrarian society of Bale zone, Southeast Ethiopia...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156180/the-role-of-behavioral-medicine-in-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-primary-care
#4
REVIEW
Scott Kahan, Dawn K Wilson, Allison M Sweeney
Behavioral medicine provides a framework for supporting patients to achieve changes in target health behaviors, such as dietary and physical activity changes. Behavioral medicine fits alongside traditional medical treatments, can minimize the need for more intensive medical treatments, improves outcomes of these treatments, and improves adherence to medication prescriptions or postsurgical recommendations. This article provides an overview of behavioral medicine counseling for obesity in primary care, rooted in the "5 As" approach to health behavior change, and the basic outline of behavioral skills interventions in which health care providers use self-regulatory and behavioral strategies to improve health-related behaviors among patients with obesity...
January 2018: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146525/maternal-nutritional-determinants-of-colostrum-fatty-acids-in-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#5
Martine Armand, Jonathan Y Bernard, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Marie-Aline Charles
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Programming of infant development and later health may depend on early-milk polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) contents, that are very variable between women for reasons not well elucidated. Indeed, a high n-6/n-3 PUFA in milk was associated with higher adiposity, arterial pressure and lower psychomotor scores in childhood. We aimed to explore the respective contribution of several maternal and perinatal factors to the variability of linoleic (LA), α-linolenic (ALA), arachidonic (AA), and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acid levels in early milk...
October 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137059/adherence-to-gout-management-recommendations-of-chinese-patients
#6
Feng Sheng, Weigang Fang, Bingqing Zhang, Yue Sha, Xuejun Zeng
Though efficacious and affordable treatments for gout are widely available, gout is still not well controlled in many countries of the world including China.To investigate patient adherence to gout management recommendations and potential barriers in Chinese male gout patients, a survey was carried out by telephone interview in male patients registered in the gout clinic at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Adherence to dietary and medication recommendations was measured by a food frequency questionnaire and proportion of cumulative time adherent to chemical urate-lowering therapy (ULT), respectively...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129996/addressing-hypertension-in-the-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-pathogenesis-goals-and-therapeutic-approach
#7
Ali A Rizvi
Hypertension is considered a powerful cardiovascular risk factor and is present in up to two-thirds of patients who suffer from diabetes. In the background of an established epidemiological association between lower blood pressure (BP) and improvement in long-term clinical outcomes, several large landmark trials and analyses have attempted to examine the possible benefit of tighter BP control in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. Although aggressive BP targets in patients with diabetes have been advocated for a long time, currently accepted evidence from these studies has led to a general recommendation of systolic BP <140 mmHg and diastolic BP <90 mmHg...
October 2017: European Medical Journal. Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124049/effect-of-personalized-nutritional-counseling-on-the-nutritional-status-of-hemodialysis-patients
#8
In-Young Jo, Woo Jeong Kim, Hyeong Cheon Park, Hoon Young Choi, Jung Eun Lee, Song Mi Lee
This study set out to evaluate the impact of personalized nutritional counseling (PNC) on the nutritional status of hemodialysis (HD) patients. This was an intervention study for 10 months at 2 hospitals. Anthropometric, biochemical, dietary, and body composition parameters were measured at baseline and after 3 and 6 months of PNC. A total of 42 patients (23 men and 19 women) were included. Intake of dietary protein, serum albumin, and cholesterol levels had increased significantly from baseline to month 6 (p < 0...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113007/-gluten-free-diet-update-2017
#9
Ottmar Leiß
Since sixty years, the gluten-free diet (GFD) is the only therapeutic option for patients with celiac disease or dermatitis herpetitormis to normalize symptoms and prevent complications. In recent years, the use of a gluten-free diet is rapidly growing because of presumed effects on well-being and control of body weight. GFD is becoming a popular health choice for everybody.In the present review, evidence-based indications for a gluten-free diet are stressed, the need for profound dietary counselling and education of the patient is underlined, problems and pitfalls of the implementation of a gluten-free diet in daily practice and possible side effects of long-term gluten-free diets are mentioned...
November 7, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110244/the-effect-of-6-and-12%C3%A2-months-duodenal-jejunal-bypass-liner-treatment-on-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-a-crossover-cohort-study
#10
Selwyn van Rijn, Bark Betzel, Charlotte de Jonge, David P J van Dijk, Ignace M Janssen, Frits J Berends, Nicole D Bouvy, Jan Willem M Greve
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to study the duodenal-jejunal bypass liner (DJBL) treatment for obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in patients after dietary treatment in a cross-over design. BACKGROUND: DJBL treatment has been proven effective for treatment of obesity and T2DM. However, data on safety and efficacy of a 12-month DJBL treatment is limited. METHODS: In 2014, our research group reported on a multicenter randomized clinical trial...
November 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099051/dietary-intake-after-weight-loss-and-the-risk-of-weight-regain-macronutrient-composition-and-inflammatory-properties-of-the-diet
#11
Harry Freitag Luglio Muhammad, Roel G Vink, Nadia J T Roumans, Laura A J Arkenbosch, Edwin C Mariman, Marleen A van Baak
Weight regain after successful weight loss is a big problem in obesity management. This study aimed to investigate whether weight regain after a weight loss period is correlated with the macronutrient composition and/or the inflammatory index of the diet during that period. Sixty one overweight and obese adults participated in this experimental study. Subjects lost approximately 10% of their initial weight by means of very low-calorie diet for five weeks, or a low calorie diet for 12 weeks. After that, subjects in both groups followed a strict weight maintenance diet based on individual needs for four weeks, which was followed by a nine-month weight maintenance period without dietary counseling...
November 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084412/nutritional-counseling-promotes-changes-in-the-dietary-habits-of-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#12
Adriana Lúcia Carolo, Maria Célia Mendes, Ana Carolina Japur de Sá Rosa E Silva, Carolina Sales Vieira, Marcos Felipe Silva de Sá, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Rosana Maria Dos Reis
Objective To evaluate the effects of nutritional counseling on the dietary habits and anthropometric parameters of overweight and obese adolescents with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Methods This was a prospective, longitudinal and auto-controlled study. Thirty adolescents aged 13-19 years-old, diagnosed with PCOS received nutritional counseling and were followed-up for 6 months. After the follow-up period, the results were evaluated through body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
October 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079685/early-weight-loss-in-parkinsonism-predicts-poor-outcomes-evidence-from-an-incident-cohort-study
#13
Kirsten Cumming, Angus D Macleod, Phyo K Myint, Carl E Counsell
OBJECTIVE: To compare weight change over time in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), those with atypical parkinsonism, and matched controls; to identify baseline factors that influence weight loss in parkinsonism; and to examine whether it predicts poor outcome. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Parkinsonism Incidence in North-East Scotland (PINE) study, an incident, population-based prospective cohort of parkinsonian patients and age- and sex-matched controls with annual follow-up...
October 27, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077568/current-therapeutic-strategies-in-treating-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-review-of-the-literature
#14
Agnieszka Zachurzok, Anna Springwald, Piotr Gibała, Paweł Matusik
The present paper is a review of current knowledge concerning the most appropriate strategy in the conservative therapy of obese children and adolescents. It presents an account of the combined mode of therapy consisting of behavioral and dietary counseling with appropriate physical activity (also using the support of modern media and devices). The rise in obesity is usually a long-lasting process involving genetic predispositions but also environmental factors which can be modified. The treatment of obesity should be focused on these modified factors and be a lifelong treatment, not merely a short period of exercise or a diet program...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065495/importance-performance-analysis-ipa-of-foodservice-operation-dietary-life-education-and-nutrition-counseling-tasks-of-nutrition-teachers-and-dietitians-in-jeju-korea
#15
Eun A Park, In Sook Chae, Mi Na Jo
The purpose of this study was to analyze foodservice operation, dietary life education, and nutrition counseling tasks of nutrition teachers and dietitians in elementary, middle, and high schools in Jeju, Korea, and to provide effective ways to implement dietary life education and nutrition counseling in schools. This study surveyed 94 nutrition teachers and 46 dietitians working at elementary, middle, and high schools in Jeju during 7-14 May 2015. The importance and performance of 16 tasks of nutrition teachers and dietitians were measured using questionnaires...
October 22, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056870/an-update-on-childhood-lead-poisoning
#16
Marissa Hauptman, Rebecca Bruccoleri, Alan D Woolf
Childhood lead poisoning is a multi-faceted, complex condition, which affects not only the child's health and well-being, but also the family's housing security, economic status, job security, and stress level. This review updates the emergency department clinician on the management of childhood lead poisoning. Infants and children are at higher risk than adults for lead exposure due to their smaller size and proportionately larger dose of ingested toxins, their proximity to ground dirt and indoor dust, their energy and curiosity, their oral exploratory and pica behaviors, their proportionately larger daily water and milk intake, and dietary preferences that differ markedly from those of adults...
September 2017: Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053230/a-randomised-control-trial-of-four-different-regimes-of-biofeedback-program-in-the-treatment-of-faecal-incontinence
#17
Christopher J Young, Assad Zahid, Cherry E Koh, Jane M Young, Christopher M Byrne, Michael J Solomon, Jenny Rex, Janet Candido
AIM: Biofeedback is an established, effective and non-invasive treatment for faecal incontinence (FI). The aim was to compare the effectiveness of four different biofeedback treatment regimes. METHOD: Randomised control trial of patients with FI, stratified into two groups (metropolitan and rural) and then randomised into two subgroups (groups 1 and 2 within metropolitan, groups 3 and 4 within rural) with varying face-to-face and telephone biofeedback components...
October 20, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035319/nutritional-therapy-in-liver-transplantation
#18
REVIEW
Ahmed Hammad, Toshimi Kaido, Vusal Aliyev, Claudia Mandato, Shinji Uemoto
Protein-energy malnourishment is commonly encountered in patients with end-stage liver disease who undergo liver transplantation. Malnutrition may further increase morbidity, mortality and costs in the post-transplantation setting. The importance of carefully assessing the nutritional status during the work-up of patients who are candidates for liver replacement is widely recognized. The metabolic abnormalities induced by liver failure render the conventional assessment of nutritional status to be challenging...
October 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032627/complementary-feeding-practices-for-infants-and-young-children-in-south-asia-a-review-of-evidence-for-action-post-2015
#19
Víctor M Aguayo
Some 37% (~64 million) South Asian children under 5 years are stunted. Most stunting occurs during the complementary feeding period (6-23 months). Our objective was to (a) characterize complementary feeding practices in South Asia and (b) review the effectiveness of information, education, and counselling (IEC) interventions aiming to improve complementary feeding in South Asia. We conducted a comprehensive review of (a) the latest nationally representative survey data and (b) peer-reviewed interventions (January 1990 to December 2015) that used IEC as the main strategy to improve complementary feeding...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021370/integrating-nutrition-interventions-into-an-existing-maternal-neonatal-and-child-health-program-increased-maternal-dietary-diversity-micronutrient-intake-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-practices-in-bangladesh-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-program-evaluation
#20
Phuong Hong Nguyen, Sunny S Kim, Tina Sanghvi, Zeba Mahmud, Lan Mai Tran, Sadia Shabnam, Bachera Aktar, Raisul Haque, Kaosar Afsana, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Purnima Menon
Background: Maternal undernutrition is a major concern globally, contributing to poor birth outcomes. Limited evidence exists on delivering multiple interventions for maternal nutrition simultaneously. Alive & Thrive addressed this gap by integrating nutrition-focused interpersonal counseling, community mobilization, distribution of free micronutrient supplements, and weight-gain monitoring through an existing Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health (MNCH) program in Bangladesh.Objectives: We evaluated the effect of providing nutrition-focused MNCH compared with standard MNCH (antenatal care with standard nutrition counseling) on coverage of nutrition interventions, maternal dietary diversity, micronutrient supplement intake, and early breastfeeding practices...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
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