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Dietary counselling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099665/adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-for-preschoolers-clinical-trial-with-teenage-mothers
#1
Betina Soldateli, Alvaro Vigo, Elsa Regina Justo Giugliani
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of educational dietary intervention offered in the child's first year of life, as well as teenage mothers and grandmothers in carrying out the dietary recommendations at four to seven years. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial initiated in 2006, in Porto Alegre, RS, involving 323 teenage mothers and grandmothers who cohabited. The intervention consisted of six counseling sessions on breastfeeding and healthy complementary feeding. The first session occurred in the maternity ward and the other ones in the households of mothers at seven, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days of the child's life...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098052/effect-of-maternal-dietary-counselling-during-the-1st-year-of-life-on-glucose-profile-and-insulin-resistance-at-the-age-of-8-years-a-randomised-field-trial
#2
Cintia S Costa, Paula D B Campagnolo, L H Lumey, Marcia R Vitolo
Education interventions that stimulate complementary feeding practices can improve the nutritional status of children and may protect against future chronic diseases. We assessed the long-term effectiveness of dietary intervention during the 1st year of life on insulin resistance levels, and investigated the relationship between insulin resistance and weight changes over time. A randomised field trial was conducted among 500 mothers who gave birth to full-term infants between October 2001 and June 2002 in a low-income area in São Leopoldo, Brazil...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077835/-development-and-effects-of-a-heart-health-diary-for-self-care-enhancement-of-patients-with-heart-failure
#3
Jae Lan Shim, Seon Young Hwang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a heart health diary to promote self-care ability among patients with heart failure (HF), and to identify the diary's effect on self-care adherence, self-efficacy, and physical activity. METHODS: A randomized control-group pretestposttest design was adopted using block randomization. A calender-typed health diary was developed and it included a self-care checklist and education information on HF management. The experimental group were given guided counseling and education for 8 weeks and wrote a daily health diary during that period...
December 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076479/dietary-management-for-dyslipidemia-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#4
Andressa S Pinto, Marcio F Chedid, Léa T Guerra, Daiane D Cabeleira, Cleber D P Kruel
Background: Dyslipidemia occurs in approximately 70% of all liver transplant (LT) recipients, and no prior control studies have demonstrated any dietary intervention to change it. Aim: To analyze the effects of a dietary intervention on the lipid profile of dyslipidemic LT recipients. Methods: All LT recipients with dyslipidemia on clinical follow-up were enrolled. Anthropometric evaluation, food history, body composition (bioimpedance) and assessment of basal metabolism through indirect calorimetry were performed...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075418/serum-polychlorinated-biphenyls-increase-and-oxidative-stress-decreases-with-a-protein-pacing-caloric-restriction-diet-in-obese-men-and-women
#5
Feng He, Li Zuo, Emery Ward, Paul J Arciero
The purposes were to compare the effects of a: (1) 12-week P-CR weight loss (WL) diet (Phase 1) between obese men and women and; (2) 52-week modified P-CR (mP-CR) vs. heart healthy (HH) weight maintenance (WM) diet (Phase 2) on serum PCBs and oxidative stress biomarkers (thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, TBARS; total antioxidant capacity, TAC) in 40 obese participants (men, n = 21; women, n = 19). Participants received dietary counseling and monitoring of compliance. PCBs, TBARS, and TAC were assessed at weeks -1 (CON), 12 (WL), and 64 (WM)...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062265/community-based-healthy-lifestyle-interventions
#6
REVIEW
Kathy Berra, Barry Franklin, Catriona Jennings
In an environment in which most people have lifestyles that increase risk for initial or recurrent cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, community-based healthy lifestyle initiatives are highly effective in providing programs, education and support to reduce associated CVD risk factors and improve outcomes. Pioneering programs, such as the Stanford Three Community and Five Cities studies, and the North Karelia project in Finland, served as prototypes for current initiatives. These include partnerships with national organizations (e...
January 3, 2017: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051354/effect-of-almond-supplementation-on-glycemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-asian-indians-in-north-india-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-24-week-study
#7
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Ravindra M Pandey
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) statistics have reached menacing proportions in India. Appropriate dietary intervention, as part of healthy lifestyle, is imperative to curb further spread of this disease. OBJECTIVES: This pre-post intervention study was conducted in New Delhi, India, to investigate the effects of daily consumption of almonds for 24 weeks in T2D subjects, specifically on measures of glycemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this study, the 24-week intervention period was preceded by a control diet and exercise run-in period of 3 weeks...
January 4, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031374/large-scale-behavior-change-initiative-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-advanced-language-and-motor-development-in-a-cluster-randomized-program-evaluation-in-bangladesh
#8
Edward A Frongillo, Phuong H Nguyen, Kuntal K Saha, Tina Sanghvi, Kaosar Afsana, Raisul Haque, Jean Baker, Marie T Ruel, Rahul Rawat, Purnima Menon
BACKGROUND: Promoting adequate nutrition through interventions to improve infant and young child feeding (IYCF) has the potential to contribute to child development. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether an intensive intervention package that was aimed at improving IYCF at scale through the Alive & Thrive initiative in Bangladesh also advanced language and gross motor development, and whether advancements in language and gross motor development were explained through improved complementary feeding...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028397/vitamin-d-status-insulin-resistance-leptin-to-adiponectin-ratio-in-adolescents-results-of-a-1-year-lifestyle-intervention
#9
Christine Rambhojan, Laurent Larifla, Josiane Clepier, Elodie Bouaziz-Amar, Fritz-Line Velayoudom-Cephise, Anne Blanchet-Deverly, Christophe Armand, Jean Plumasseau, Jean-Marc Lacorte, Lydia Foucan
AIM: We aimed to study the relationships between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], insulin resistance and leptin-to-adiponectin (L/A) ratio in Guadeloupean children and adolescents and to analyse the changes in 25(OH)D levels after a 1-year lifestyle intervention program. METHODS: 25(OH)D concentrations were measured via a chemiluminescence assay. Cardiometabolic risk factors, homoeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and adipokines were measured...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000472/abandonment-to-therapeutic-diet-on-patients-at-risk-cardiovascular-in-a-health-care-clinic
#10
Tatiana Pizzato Galdino, Vanessa Cristina Oliveira de Lima, Iasmin Matias de Souza, Paula Trussardi Fayh
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death among adults and measures to reverse this situation go through changes in lifestyle, among them adopt healthy eating through professional counseling. To do this we need to keep the patient engaged in treatment, and the abandonment of treatment is an important risk factor in this population. OBJECTIVES: To assess abandonment to dietary treatment of patients with cardiovascular risk treated on an outpatient basis, and identify the reasons for the abandonment of treatment...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994822/the-effect-of-nutrition-consultation-on-dietary-diversity-score-of-cardiac-patients-referred-to-cardiac-rehabilitation-research-center-isfahan-cardiovascular-research-institute-during-2008-2013
#11
Sepideh Mehrabani, Noushin Mohammadifard, Sanaz Mehrabani, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Seyyed Morteza Safavi
BACKGROUND: Dietary diversity score (DDS) measurement was used to assessment of diet quality in different disease like cardiovascular disease. One way to improve the cardiovascular patient's ability is cardiac rehabilitation program that include exercise training, nutrition consultation and psychological treatment. No study was designed to compare the DDS before and after dietary consultation among cardiac rehabilitation patients, so this study was designed to examine this purpose. METHODS: Subjects were participated in the 2-month cardiac rehabilitation program...
2016: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990732/symptoms-among-patients-receiving-in-center-hemodialysis-a-qualitative-study
#12
Kim J Cox, Mark B Parshall, Stephen H A Hernandez, Sanah Z Parvez, Mark L Unruh
Introduction Assessment of dialysis-related symptoms is not currently a requirement for hemodialysis (HD) providers in the United States. The purpose of this study was to describe patients' perspectives on symptoms associated with end-stage chronic kidney disease treated with thrice-weekly, in-center HD. Methods We performed a qualitative study using interpretive description. Interview questions were based on a KDIGO (Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes) controversies conference and a literature review...
December 19, 2016: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990382/general-measures-and-quality-of-life-issues-in-psoriasis
#13
Rashmi Sarkar, Shikha Chugh, Shivani Bansal
Psoriasis generally does not affect survival but has significant detrimental effect on quality of life (QOL), which may be comparable to that of ischemic heart disease, diabetes, depression, and cancer. The foremost important thing in the management of psoriasis is counseling of the patient. The clinician needs to be empathetic and spend adequate time with the patient and educating the patient about psoriasis. Clinicians should make it clear to the patient that the primary goal of treatment is control of the disease rather than cure...
November 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938699/semiannual-fluoride-applications-in-low-risk-toddlers-may-not-be-more-effective-than-toothbrushing-instruction-and-dietary-counseling-in-controlling-dental-caries
#14
Branca Heloisa de Oliveira, Ana Paula Pires Dos Santos
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Effectiveness of early preventive intervention with semiannual fluoride varnish application in toddlers living in high-risk areas: A stratified cluster-randomized controlled trial. Anderson M, Dahlöf G, Twetman S, Jansson L, Bergenlid AC, Grindefjord M. Caries Res 2016;50(1):17-23. SOURCE OF FUNDING: The study was commissioned and supported by Stockholm County Council and Karolinska Institutet. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Non-blinded, cluster-randomized controlled field trial with two parallel arms...
December 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927584/tribally-affiliated-child-care-center-environment-and-obesogenic-behaviors-in-young-children
#15
Susan B Sisson, Julie Stoner, Ji Li, Lancer Stephens, Janis E Campbell, Karina R Lora, Sandra H Arnold, Diane Horm, Beth DeGrace
BACKGROUND: Child-care centers are an integral part of life for many families with young children. American Indian children are at elevated health risk because of higher levels of obesity and associated health behaviors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the child-care environment and children's physical activity (PA) and dietary intake in young children attending tribally affiliated child care. DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study...
December 4, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923279/does-exercise-training-affect-resting-metabolic-rate-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#16
Angela S Alberga, Denis Prud'homme, Ronald J Sigal, Gary S Goldfield, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Réjeanne Gougeon, Penny Phillips, Janine Malcolm, George A Wells, Steve Doucette, Jinhui Ma, Glen P Kenny
We evaluated the hypothesis that resistance exercise training performed alone or in combination with aerobic exercise training would increase resting metabolic rate (RMR) relative to aerobic-only and nonexercising control groups. Postpubertal adolescents (N = 304) aged 14-18 years with obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 95th percentile) or overweight (BMI ≥ 85th percentile + additional diabetes risk factor(s)) were randomized to 4 groups for 22 weeks: Aerobic exercise training, Resistance exercise training, Combined aerobic and resistance exercise training, or Control...
January 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903842/a-comprehensive-lifestyle-randomized-clinical-trial-design-and-initial-patient-experience
#17
Banu Arun, Taylor Austin, Gildy V Babiera, Karen Basen-Engquist, Cindy L Carmack, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen, Lisa Connelly, Robin Haddad, Carol Harrison, Yisheng Li, Smitha Mallaiah, Raghuram Nagarathna, Patricia A Parker, George H Perkins, James M Reuben, Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Amy Spelman, Anil Sood, Peiying Yang, Sai-Ching J Yeung
BACKGROUND: Although epidemiological research demonstrates that there is an association between lifestyle factors and risk of breast cancer recurrence, progression of disease, and mortality, no comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trials have been conducted to determine if changing multiple risk factors leads to changes in biobehavioral processes and clinical outcomes in women with breast cancer. This article describes the design, feasibility, adherence to the intervention and data collection, and patient experience of a comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trial (CompLife)...
November 30, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894336/curcumin-and-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-cop-d-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Rohith N Thota, Shamasunder H Acharya, Kylie A Abbott, Manohar L Garg
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions, including increase in physical activity and dietary counselling, have shown the ability to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2D) in high-risk state individuals, but the prevalence is still skyrocketing in Australia, in line with global prevalence. Currently, no medicines are approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia for the management of prediabetes. Therefore, there is a need of developing a safer, biologically efficacious and cost-effective alternative for delaying the transition of individual health state from prediabetes into T2D...
November 29, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884930/diet-modification-challenges-faced-by-marginalized-and-nonmarginalized-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#19
REVIEW
Meredith Vanstone, Alex Rewegan, Francesca Brundisini, Mita Giacomini, Sujane Kandasamy, Deirdre DeJean
OBJECTIVES: Diet modification is an important part of the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes, but sustained dietary change remains elusive for many individuals. This paper describes and interprets the barriers to diet modification from the perspective of people with type 2 diabetes, paying particular attention to the experiences of people who experience social marginalization. METHODS: A systematic review of primary, empirical qualitative research was performed, capturing 120 relevant studies published between 2002 and 2015...
November 24, 2016: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867189/the-role-of-phosphate-in-kidney-disease
#20
REVIEW
Marc G Vervloet, Siren Sezer, Ziad A Massy, Lina Johansson, Mario Cozzolino, Denis Fouque
The importance of phosphate homeostasis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been recognized for decades, but novel insights - which are frequently relevant to everyday clinical practice - continue to emerge. Epidemiological data consistently indicate an association between hyperphosphataemia and poor clinical outcomes. Moreover, compelling evidence suggests direct toxicity of increased phosphate concentrations. Importantly, serum phosphate concentration has a circadian rhythm that must be considered when interpreting patient phosphate levels...
January 2017: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
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