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Dietary counselling

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903842/a-comprehensive-lifestyle-randomized-clinical-trial-design-and-initial-patient-experience
#1
Banu Arun, Taylor Austin, Gildy V Babiera, Karen Basen-Engquist, Cindy L Carmack, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen, Lisa Connelly, Robin Haddad, Carol Harrison, Yisheng Li, Smitha Mallaiah, Raghuram Nagarathna, Patricia A Parker, George H Perkins, James M Reuben, Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Amy Spelman, Anil Sood, Peiying Yang, Sai-Ching J Yeung
BACKGROUND: Although epidemiological research demonstrates that there is an association between lifestyle factors and risk of breast cancer recurrence, progression of disease, and mortality, no comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trials have been conducted to determine if changing multiple risk factors leads to changes in biobehavioral processes and clinical outcomes in women with breast cancer. This article describes the design, feasibility, adherence to the intervention and data collection, and patient experience of a comprehensive lifestyle change clinical trial (CompLife)...
November 30, 2016: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894336/curcumin-and-long-chain-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-for-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-cop-d-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Rohith N Thota, Shamasunder H Acharya, Kylie A Abbott, Manohar L Garg
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle interventions, including increase in physical activity and dietary counselling, have shown the ability to prevent type 2 diabetes (T2D) in high-risk state individuals, but the prevalence is still skyrocketing in Australia, in line with global prevalence. Currently, no medicines are approved by the Therapeutic Goods Administration in Australia for the management of prediabetes. Therefore, there is a need of developing a safer, biologically efficacious and cost-effective alternative for delaying the transition of individual health state from prediabetes into T2D...
November 29, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884930/diet-modification-challenges-faced-by-marginalized-and-nonmarginalized-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#3
REVIEW
Meredith Vanstone, Alex Rewegan, Francesca Brundisini, Mita Giacomini, Sujane Kandasamy, Deirdre DeJean
OBJECTIVES: Diet modification is an important part of the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes, but sustained dietary change remains elusive for many individuals. This paper describes and interprets the barriers to diet modification from the perspective of people with type 2 diabetes, paying particular attention to the experiences of people who experience social marginalization. METHODS: A systematic review of primary, empirical qualitative research was performed, capturing 120 relevant studies published between 2002 and 2015...
November 24, 2016: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867189/the-role-of-phosphate-in-kidney-disease
#4
REVIEW
Marc G Vervloet, Siren Sezer, Ziad A Massy, Lina Johansson, Mario Cozzolino, Denis Fouque
The importance of phosphate homeostasis in chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been recognized for decades, but novel insights - which are frequently relevant to everyday clinical practice - continue to emerge. Epidemiological data consistently indicate an association between hyperphosphataemia and poor clinical outcomes. Moreover, compelling evidence suggests direct toxicity of increased phosphate concentrations. Importantly, serum phosphate concentration has a circadian rhythm that must be considered when interpreting patient phosphate levels...
November 21, 2016: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864536/influence-of-dietary-protein-and-its-amino-acid-composition-on-postoperative-outcomes-after-gastric-bypass-surgery-a-systematic-review
#5
Merel van den Broek, Loek J M de Heide, Nic J G M Veeger, Alies M van der Wal-Oost, André P van Beek
CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery is an effective method to reduce morbid obesity. Nutritional counseling is essential to achieve maximal treatment success and to avoid long-term complications. Increased dietary protein intake may improve various postoperative results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review is to examine the relationship between intake of dietary protein or supplementation with amino acids and postoperative outcomes after gastric bypass surgery. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted in 4 electronic databases: Cochrane, Embase, PubMed, and Scopus...
December 2016: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843557/inclusion-of-walnut-in-the-diets-of-adults-at-risk-for-type-2-diabetes-and-their-dietary-pattern-changes-a-randomized-controlled-cross-over-trial
#6
Valentine Yanchou Njike, Niloufarsadat Yarandi, Paul Petraro, Rockiy G Ayettey, Judith A Treu, David L Katz
BACKGROUND: In our recently published study, including walnuts in the diets of adults with prediabetes led to overall improvement in diet quality. This report adds to those study findings by examining the food groups displaced during walnut inclusion in the diets of those adults with prediabetes. METHODS: Randomized, controlled, modified Latin square parallel design with 2 treatment arms. The 112 participants (31 men, 81 women) were randomly assigned to a diet with or without dietary counseling to regulate calorie intake in a 1:1 ratio...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833864/a-clinical-study-of-oral-mucosal-lesions-in-patients-visiting-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-central-india
#7
Rashmi Goyal, Shalini Jadia, Leena Jain, Chhavi Agarawal
The aim of this study was to find the frequency of various oral mucosal lesions in relation to age, sex, site and associated addiction habits. This retrospective study was done in tertiary care centre including 1280 patients of oral mucosal lesions. Clinical findings and detailed history of their addiction habits with frequency and duration was noted from the existing data. Cytological and histopathological diagnosis of various lesions was recorded to conclude diagnosis. The most common lesion in this study was found to be aphthous ulcers (44...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832211/association-of-frontline-worker-provided-services-with-change-in-block-level-complementary-feeding-indicators-an-ecological-analysis-from-bihar-india
#8
Aritra Das, Sanchita Mahapatra, Guntur Sai Mala, Indrajit Chaudhuri, Tanmay Mahapatra
BACKGROUND: Insufficiencies in complementary feeding put infants and young children at increased risk of undernutrition. Till now, most Indian studies have looked at the individual level determinants of complementary feeding practices. We aimed to evaluate the association of frontline worker (FLW) provided nutritional counselling services, with change in community level indicators of complementary feeding practices among 9-11 month old children over time. METHODS: The study data was obtained from five rounds of 'Lot Quality Assurance Sampling' survey in eight districts of Bihar, an impoverished Indian state...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829457/combined-effect-of-new-complete-dentures-and-simple-dietary-advice-on-nutritional-status-in-edentulous-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Yuriko Komagamine, Manabu Kanazawa, Maiko Iwaki, Ayami Jo, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Noriko Amagai, Shunsuke Minakuchi
BACKGROUND: Individuals who are edentulous have a lower intake of fruit, vegetables, fiber, and protein compared with their dentate counterparts because tooth loss is accompanied by a decrease in ability to chew. Whether or not a combination of prosthetic rehabilitation and simple dietary advice produces improvement in dietary intake among edentulous persons is unclear. We aim to investigate the effect of a simultaneous combination of simple dietary advice delivered by dentists and provision of new complete dentures on dietary intake in edentulous individuals who request new dentures...
November 9, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825320/improved-nutrition-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-after-childhood-cancer%C3%A2-inaya-study
#10
J Quidde, J von Grundherr, B Koch, C Bokemeyer, G Escherich, L Valentini, D Buchholz, G Schilling, A Stein
BACKGROUND: Multimodality treatment improves the chance of survival but increases the risk for long-term side effects in young cancer survivors, so-called" Adolescents and Young Adults"(AYAs). Compared to the general population AYAs have a 5 to 15-fold increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity. Thus, improving modifiable lifestyle risk factors is of particular importance. METHODS: The INAYA trial included AYAs between 18 and 39 years receiving an intensified individual nutrition counseling at four time points in a 3-month period based on a 3-day dietary record...
November 8, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815234/a-brief-tool-to-assess-image-based-dietary-records-and-guide-nutrition-counselling-among-pregnant-women-an-evaluation
#11
Amy M Ashman, Clare E Collins, Leanne J Brown, Kym M Rae, Megan E Rollo
BACKGROUND: Dietitians ideally should provide personally tailored nutrition advice to pregnant women. Provision is hampered by a lack of appropriate tools for nutrition assessment and counselling in practice settings. Smartphone technology, through the use of image-based dietary records, can address limitations of traditional methods of recording dietary intake. Feedback on these records can then be provided by the dietitian via smartphone. Efficacy and validity of these methods requires examination...
November 4, 2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812378/the-clinical-characteristics-and-hospital-and-post-hospital-survival-of-patients-with-the-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-analysis-of-a-large-cohort
#12
P E Marik, C Chen
OBJECTIVE: The worldwide prevalence of obesity has reached epidemic proportions. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) is a common yet largely undiagnosed and mistreated condition that likely carries a high mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics, hospital outcome, outcome following hospital discharge and predictors of death in a large cohort of patients hospitalized with OHS. OHS is an important condition as many patients with this syndrome are misdiagnosed and receive inappropriate treatment...
March 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802453/determining-cancer-survivors-preferences-to-inform-new-models-of-follow-up-care
#13
Peter Murchie, Patricia F Norwood, Marta Pietrucin-Materek, Terry Porteous, Philip C Hannaford, Mandy Ryan
BACKGROUND: Specialist-led cancer follow-up is becoming increasingly expensive and is failing to meet many survivors' needs. Alternative models informed by survivors' preferences are urgently needed. It is unknown if follow-up preferences differ by cancer type. We conducted the first study to assess British cancer survivors' follow-up preferences, and the first anywhere to compare the preferences of survivors from different cancers. METHODS: A discrete choice experiment questionnaire was mailed to 1201 adults in Northeast Scotland surviving melanoma, breast, prostate or colorectal cancer...
November 1, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801685/dietary-protein-intake-and-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Gang Jee Ko, Yoshitsugu Obi, Amanda R Tortorici, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: High-protein intake may lead to increased intraglomerular pressure and glomerular hyperfiltration. This can cause damage to glomerular structure leading to or aggravating chronic kidney disease (CKD). Hence, a low-protein diet (LPD) of 0.6-0.8 g/kg/day is often recommended for the management of CKD. We reviewed the effect of protein intake on incidence and progression of CKD and the role of LPD in the CKD management. RECENT FINDINGS: Actual dietary protein consumption in CKD patients remains substantially higher than the recommendations for LPD...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799239/effectiveness-of-complementary-food-supplements-and-dietary-counselling-on-anaemia-and-stunting-in-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-areas-of-qinghai-province-china-a-controlled-interventional-study
#15
Yanfeng Zhang, Qiong Wu, Wei Wang, Michelle Helena van Velthoven, Suying Chang, Huijun Han, Min Xing, Li Chen, Robert W Scherpbier
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of dietary counselling and complementary food supplements on anaemia and stunting prevalence in children aged 6-23 months. DESIGN: A controlled intervention study with measurements of height and haemoglobin levels, and cross-sectional surveys in August 2012 (baseline), 2013 (mid-term) and 2014 (end-line). SETTING: One intervention county and one control county in rural Qinghai Province, China. INTERVENTION: Complementary food supplements (containing protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamin A, B1, B2, B12, D3, folic acid, iron, zinc and calcium) and complementary feeding counselling were given in the intervention county...
October 31, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797154/binge-abstinence-is-associated-with-reduced-energy-intake-after-treatment-in-patients-with-binge-eating-disorder-and-obesity
#16
Robin M Masheb, Lindsey M Dorflinger, Barbara J Rolls, Diane C Mitchell, Carlos M Grilo
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED) is strongly associated with obesity and related medical and psychiatric morbidities. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has consistently been shown to reduce binge eating frequency and improve psychological functioning, as well as to produce abstinence rates of roughly 50%. This study examined the relationship between binge abstinence and dietary and psychological outcomes after CBT for BED. METHODS: Fifty adult patients with BED received 6-month treatments using a combination of CBT and dietary counseling...
October 31, 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785168/chronic-disease-medications-and-lifestyle-perceptions-from-a-regional-victorian-aboriginal-community
#17
Melissa Deacon-Crouch, Isabelle Skinner, Mo Connelly, Joseph Tucci
BACKGROUND: Poor medication management may contribute to the increased morbidity and mortality of Aboriginal people in Australia. Yet while there is extensive literature about the perceptions of healthcare providers on this issue, there is limited information on the perceptions of Aboriginal people themselves. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the perceptions of a group of Aboriginal people attending a Victorian regional Aboriginal Health Service (AHS) with diagnosed medical conditions requiring medications, of their lifestyle, disease management and medication usage...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782097/association-between-low-dietary-protein-intake-and-geriatric-nutrition-risk-index-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-a-retrospective-single-center-cohort-study
#18
Aki Kiuchi, Yasushi Ohashi, Reibin Tai, Toshiyuki Aoki, Sonoo Mizuiri, Toyoko Ogura, Atsushi Aikawa, Ken Sakai
Reduced dietary protein intake in malnourished patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) may be associated with adverse clinical outcomes, which may mask any efficacy of a low-protein diet. The study included 126 patients with CKD who attended a dedicated dietary counseling clinic in 2005-2009 and were systematically followed until January 2015. Of these patients, 20 (15.9%) had moderate or severe nutrition-related risk of geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) < 92; these patients were more likely to be older, have a greater proteinuria, and have lower body mass index and serum albumin concentration...
October 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771675/hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia-of-infancy-due-to-novel-hadh-mutation-in-two-siblings
#19
Amit Kumar Satapathy, Vandana Jain, Sian Ellard, Sarah E Flanagan
BACKGROUND: Hyperinsulinemia is the commonest cause of persistent hypoglycemia in infancy. Inactivating mutations in the genes ABCC8 and KCNJ11 are the commonest cause. Mutation in the HADH gene, which encodes the short-chain-L-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, is a rare cause. CASE CHARACTERISTICS: Two Indian sisters who presented with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy. OBSERVATION/INTERVENTION: A novel homozygous missense mutation in the HADH gene was identified in both the sisters, while the parents were found to be heterozygous carriers...
October 8, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771313/food-cravings-and-food-consumption-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-versus-cholecystectomy
#20
Reena Sudan, Ranjan Sudan, Elizabeth Lyden, Jon S Thompson
BACKGROUND: Food cravings and consumption of craved foods after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) are poorly understood. Food cravings after bariatric surgery may explain why some patients fail to change eating behaviors after RYGB, and understanding these cravings may provide better information for nutritional counseling to either enhance weight loss or prevent weight regain. OBJECTIVES: To study cravings in RYGB patients and compare them with cholecystectomy (CC) control patients...
September 9, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
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