keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

GITS

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806267/evaluation-and-treatment-of-femoral-osteolysis-following-total-hip-arthroplasty
#1
Daniel J Gittings, Jonathan R Dattilo, William Hardaker, Neil P Sheth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805583/the-gut-and-nonmotor-symptoms-in-parkinson-s-disease
#2
Lisa Klingelhoefer, Heinz Reichmann
Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are one of the most common nonmotor symptoms (NMS) in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) involving the whole GI tract (GIT) and being evident throughout the whole course of the disease. Furthermore, constipation serves as a risk factor for PD as well as an early prodromal NMS of PD. The gut as gateway to the environment with its enteric nervous system (ENS) plays a crucial role in the neurodegenerative process that leads to PD. Alpha-synucleinopathy as the pathological hallmark of PD could be found within the whole GIT in a rostrocaudal gradient interacting with the ENS, the gut microbiome, and enteric glial cells...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802403/analytical-evaluation-of-quantiferon-plus-and-quantiferon-gold-in-tube-assays-in-subjects-with-or-without-tuberculosis
#3
E Petruccioli, V Vanini, T Chiacchio, G Cuzzi, D M Cirillo, F Palmieri, G Ippolito, D Goletti
The QuantiFERON-TB Gold Plus (QFT-Plus) represents the new QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-tube (QFT-GIT) to identify latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The main differences is the addition of a new tube containing shorter peptides stimulating CD8 T-cells. Aim of this study is to evaluate the accuracy of QFT-Plus compared with QFT-GIT in a cross sectional study of individuals with or without tuberculosis (TB). We enrolled 179 participants: 19 healthy donors, 58 LTBI, 33 cured TB and 69 active TB. QFT-Plus and QFT-GIT were performed...
September 2017: Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798730/characterization-of-the-culturable-subpopulations-of-lactobacillus-in-the-chicken-intestinal-tract-as-a-resource-for-probiotic-development
#4
Bishnu Adhikari, Young M Kwon
To gain better understanding of the distributions of the culturable Lactobacillus species in the chicken intestinal tract, we collected ceca, and distal ileum from 10 3-weeks-old broiler chickens. Lactobacillus strains from cecal lumen contents (M-CL), and those associated with mucosa of ceca (M-CM) and ileum (M-IM) were recovered on de Man, Rogosa and Sharpe (MRS) agar plates, and used for microbiota analysis. The total cecal content (T-CL) was also used directly for microbiota analysis. We purposefully focused on MRS-recovered populations to gain understanding of the culturable subpopulations of Lactobacillus, since the culturability is an important phenotype in order to exploit the chicken gut microbiota as a resource for development of probiotics...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781137/bioimpedance-spectroscopy-a-technique-to-monitor-interventions-for-swelling-in-minor-burns
#5
Pippa Kenworthy, Tiffany L Grisbrook, Michael Phillips, Paul Gittings, Fiona M Wood, William Gibson, Dale W Edgar
The control of edema in burn injured patients is a priority as it can impede the wound healing process. Bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) has been identified as a method of swelling assessment that has merit after burns. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of BIS in the measurement of localised burn wound edema across (1) different dressing conditions (no dressing, non silver and silver dressings) and (2) three electrode positions. BIS resistance (R) was hypothesised to be inversely proportional to fluid (edema) volume...
August 3, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780378/homblocks-a-multiple-alignment-construction-pipeline-for-organelle-phylogenomics-based-on-locally-collinear-block-searching
#6
Guiqi Bi, Yunxiang Mao, Qikun Xing, Min Cao
Organelle phylogenomic analysis requires precisely constructed multi-gene alignment matrices concatenated by pre-aligned single gene datasets. For non-bioinformaticians, it can take days to weeks to manually create high-quality multi-gene alignments comprising tens or hundreds of homologous genes. Here, we describe a new and highly efficient pipeline, HomBlocks, which uses a homologous block searching method to construct multi-gene alignments. This approach can automatically recognize locally collinear blocks among organelle genomes and excavate phylogenetically informative regions to construct multi-gene alignment in a few hours...
August 2, 2017: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771826/lactobacillus-plantarum-bs22-promotes-gut-microbial-homeostasis-in-broiler-chickens-exposed-to-aflatoxin-b1
#7
Y Zeng, D Zeng, Y Zhang, X Q Ni, J Wang, P Jian, Y Zhou, Y Li, Z Q Yin, K C Pan, B Jing
Probiotics promote the health of the host by maintaining intestinal microbial homeostasis. This study aimed to investigate the benefits of Lactobacillus plantarum BS22 (LP) in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) microbial homeostasis of broiler chickens exposed to aflatoxin B1 using the PCR-DGGE, viable count and real-time PCR. The toxin adsorption experiment demonstrated that treatment R5 (1.0 × 10(8) CFU/g LP) exhibited good absorptive effect in adsorbing the aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ) in vitro. DGGE showed that the composition and structure of gut microbiota were more similar in the mucosa than in the content of all the samples...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770892/human-epidermal-growth-factor-her-2-in-gastric-and-colorectal-adenocarcinoma
#8
Asma Shabbir, Muhammad Asif Qureshi, Talat Mirza, Abdullah Bin Khalid
Gastrointestinal (GIT) malignancies are a substantial health concern. Most patients present to the clinics with advanced and un-resectable diseases, so it remains difficult to cure with the existing chemotherapeutic regimes. It is therefore extremely important to devise novel therapeutic targets in these neoplasms in order to improve patient's survival. One such target is human epidermal growth factor, also known as Her-2. Although Her-2 expression and the use of a-Her-2 medications in breast cancers is well established, but its expression and potential use as a therapeutic target in gastrointestinal malignancies remains controversial and heavily debated...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770137/intrathoracic-gastric-volvulus-presenting-with-git-bleed
#9
Rahul Kadam, Vsv Prasad
Intrathoracic gastric volvulus in neonatal period is a life-threatening surgical emergency. We report a case of neonate with respiratory distress and GI bleeding who was diagnosed to have congenital diaphragmatic eventration with Intrathoracic gastric volvulus.
April 2017: Journal of Neonatal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768481/piil-visualization-of-dna-methylation-and-gene-expression-data-in-gene-pathways
#10
Behrooz Torabi Moghadam, Neda Zamani, Jan Komorowski, Manfred Grabherr
BACKGROUND: DNA methylation is a major mechanism involved in the epigenetic state of a cell. It has been observed that the methylation status of certain CpG sites close to or within a gene can directly affect its expression, either by silencing or, in some cases, up-regulating transcription. However, a vertebrate genome contains millions of CpG sites, all of which are potential targets for methylation, and the specific effects of most sites have not been characterized to date. To study the complex interplay between methylation status, cellular programs, and the resulting phenotypes, we present PiiL, an interactive gene expression pathway browser, facilitating analyses through an integrated view of methylation and expression on multiple levels...
August 2, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761687/systemic-sclerosis-is-associated-with-specific-alterations-in-gastrointestinal-microbiota-in-two-independent-cohorts
#11
Elizabeth R Volkmann, Anna-Maria Hoffmann-Vold, Yu-Ling Chang, Jonathan P Jacobs, Kirsten Tillisch, Emeran A Mayer, Philip J Clements, Johannes R Hov, Martin Kummen, Øyvind Midtvedt, Venu Lagishetty, Lin Chang, Jennifer S Labus, Øyvind Molberg, Jonathan Braun
OBJECTIVE: To compare faecal microbial composition in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) from 2 independent cohorts with controls and to determine whether certain genera are associated with SSc-gastrointestinal tract (GIT) symptoms. DESIGN: Adult patients with SSc from the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Oslo University Hospital (OUH) and healthy controls participated in this study (1:1:1). All participants provided stool specimens for 16S rRNA sequencing...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759281/balanced-caloric-restriction-minimizes-changes-caused-by-aging-on-the-colonic-myenteric-plexus
#12
Renata de Britto Mari, Sandra Regina Stabille, Haroldo Garcia de Faria, Joice Naiara Bertaglia Pereira, Juliana Plácido Guimarães, Gabriela Pustiglione Marinsek, Romeu Rodrigues de Souza
Aging can promote significant morphofunctional changes in the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Regulation of GIT motility is mainly controlled by the myenteric neurons of the enteric nervous system. Actions that aim at decreasing the aging effects in the GIT include those related to diet, with caloric restriction (CR). The CR is achieved by controlling the amount of food or by manipulating the components of the diet. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate different levels of CR on the plasticity of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate- (NADPH-) reactive myenteric neurons in the colon of Wistar rats during the aging process using ultrastructural (transmission electron microscopy) and morphoquantitative analysis...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757028/campylobacter-hepaticus-the-cause-of-spotty-liver-disease-in-chickens-is-present-throughout-the-small-intestine-and-caeca-of-infected-birds
#13
Thi Thu Hao Van, Mian-Chee Gor, Arif Anwar, Peter C Scott, Robert J Moore
Spotty liver disease (SLD) causes significant egg production losses and mortality in chickens and is therefore a disease of concern for some sectors of the poultry industry. Although the first reports of the disease came from the United States in the 1950s it is only recently that the organism that causes the disease was identified, isolated, and characterised as a new bacterial species, Campylobacter hepaticus. The first isolations of C. hepaticus were from the livers and bile of SLD affected birds. Isolates could only be recovered from samples that had a monoculture of C...
August 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754266/detection-of-anti-leptospira-inhibitory-antibodies-in-horses-after-vaccination
#14
Lucas Correia, Gabriel Martins, Walter Lilenbaum
Leptospirosis is a relevant zoonosis that affects the reproductive performance of livestock, impairing the economy. Few studies have demonstrated the effects of vaccination against leptospirosis on naturally exposed horses. This study aimed to detect anti-Leptospira inhibitory antibodies in horses after vaccination. A total of 54 mares were studied using Growth Inhibition Test (GIT) in three moments. The present results demonstrate the usefulness of GIT for confirming inhibitory effects of specific antibody production...
July 25, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751762/gastric-and-intestinal-proteases-resistance-of-chicken-acidic-chitinase-nominates-chitin-containing-organisms-for-alternative-whole-edible-diets-for-poultry
#15
Eri Tabata, Akinori Kashimura, Satoshi Wakita, Misa Ohno, Masayoshi Sakaguchi, Yasusato Sugahara, Yoshihiro Kino, Vaclav Matoska, Peter O Bauer, Fumitaka Oyama
Chitin, a polymer of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc), functions as a major structural component in crustaceans, insects and fungi and is the second most abundant polysaccharide in the nature. Although these chitin-containing organisms have been suggested as novel animal feed resources, chitin has long been considered as indigestible fibers in the animal body. Recently, we reported that acidic chitinase (Chia) is a protease-resistant major glycosidase in mouse gastrointestinal tract (GIT) and that it digests chitin in the mouse stomach...
July 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740754/the-time-course-of-broiler-intestinal-microbiota-development-after-administration-of-cecal-contents-to-incubating-eggs
#16
Erin E Donaldson, Dragana Stanley, Robert J Hughes, Robert J Moore
BACKGROUND: The microbial populations that inhabit the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are known to influence the health and growth performance of the host. Clean hatcheries and machine-based incubation practices in the commercial poultry industry can lead to the acquisition of aberrant microbiota in the GIT of chickens and a very high level of bird-to-bird variation. The lack of microbial profile flock uniformity presents challenges for harnessing and manipulating intestinal bacteria to better serve the host...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740315/importance-of-the-gastrointestinal-life-cycle-of-bacillus-for-probiotic-functionality
#17
REVIEW
M Bernardeau, M J Lehtinen, S D Forssten, P Nurminen
Bacillus spp. are widely used in animal production for their probiotic properties. In many animal species, feed supplementation with specific Bacillus strains can provide numerous benefits including improvement in digestibility, the gut microbiota and immune modulation, and growth performance. Bacilli are fed to animals as spores that can sustain the harsh feed processing and long storage. However, the spores are metabolically quiescent and it is widely accepted that probiotics should be in a metabolically active state to perform certain probiotic functions like secretion of antimicrobial compounds and enzymes, synthesis of short chain fatty acids, and competition for essential nutrients...
July 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740169/analysis-of-newly-detected-tetracycline-resistance-genes-and-their-flanking-sequences-in-human-intestinal-bifidobacteria
#18
Na Wang, Xiaomin Hang, Min Zhang, Xianglong Liu, Hong Yang
Due to tetracycline abuse, the safe bifidobacteria in the human gastrointestinal intestinal tract (GIT) may serve as a reservoir of tetracycline resistance genes. In the present investigation of 92 bifidobacterial strains originating from the human GIT, tetracycline resistance in 29 strains was mediated by the tet(W), tet(O) or tet(S) gene, and this is the first report of tet(O)- and tet(S)-mediated tetracycline resistance in bifidobacteria. Antibiotic resistance genes harbored by bifidobacteria are transferred from other bacteria...
July 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732078/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-indeterminate-results-of-the-quantiferon-tb-gold-in-tube-test-a-propensity-score-matching-analysis
#19
Hong-Joon Shin, Tae-Ok Kim, Hyung-Joo Oh, Ha-Young Park, Jin-Sun Chang, Seong Ahn, Yu-Il Kim, Sung-Chul Lim, Yong-Soo Kwon
BACKGROUND: The sensitivity of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) in the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection could be affected by conditions of immune dysregulation. For this reason, diabetes mellitus (DM) may increase the frequency of indeterminate results of IGRAs. However, there have been inconsistent reports of role of DM on indeterminate IGRA results. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients who underwent QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube testing (QFT-GIT) at Chonnam National University Hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727071/feed-efficiency-phenotypes-in-lambs-involve-changes-in-ruminal-colonic-and-small-intestine-located-microbiota
#20
K Perea, K Perz, S K Olivo, A Williams, M Lachman, S L Ishaq, J Thomson, C J Yeoman
Several studies have revealed differences in rumen-located microbes between greatly efficient and inefficient animals; however, how the microbiota vary in the hind gastrointestinal tract (GIT) has only been sparsely explored and how they vary in the small intestine remains to be determined. We therefore sampled the microbiota of the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon, and colorectally-obtained feces, in addition to the rumen of 12 lambs that, in a residual feed intake trial, were found to be at either extreme of feed efficiency phenotypes...
June 2017: Journal of Animal Science
keyword
keyword
90896
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"