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Glycemic control and diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109989/low-glycemic-index-treatment-for-seizure-control-in-angelman-syndrome-a-case-series-from-the-center-for-dietary-therapy-of-epilepsy-at-the-massachusetts-general-hospital
#1
Olivia R Grocott, Katherine S Herrington, Heidi H Pfeifer, Elizabeth A Thiele, Ronald L Thibert
The low glycemic index treatment, a dietary therapy that focuses on glycemic index and reduced carbohydrate intake, has been successful in reducing seizure frequency in the general epilepsy population. Epilepsy is a common feature of Angelman syndrome and seizures are often refractory to multiple medications, especially in those with maternal deletions. Dietary therapy has become a more frequently used option for treating epilepsy, often in combination with other antiepileptic drugs, due to its efficacy and favorable side effect profile...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104096/telemedicine-in-the-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Guixia Wang, Zhengyun Zhang, Yakun Feng, Lin Sun, Xianchao Xiao, Gang Wang, Yuan Gao, Huan Wang, Hong Zhang, Yufeng Deng, Chenglin Sun
OBJECTIVE: To explore a model of Internet-based integrated management of diabetes, we established a remote diabetes medical service platform (U-Healthcare) and evaluated its effectiveness and practicality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 212 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus were randomly assigned to 2 groups. Data from the intervention group were automatically transmitted through a glucometer; furthermore, this group received information regarding medicines, diet, exercise and other management through U-Healthcare...
January 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093996/challenges-related-to-glycemic-control-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#3
Masoumeh Kheirandish, Hamidreza Mahboobi, Maryam Yazdanparast, Mohammad Amjad Kamal
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease with long-term complications. Glycemic control is an important part in management of DM. The first line in treatment of type 2 DM (T2DM) is diet and life style change. Metformin is the first choice of medication in T2DM patients. Sulfonylureas have high risk of hypoglycemia. Glinides are associated with lower risk of hypoglycemia in comparison to sulfonylureas. Also α-glucosidase inhibitors decrease the polysacarides digestion in small intestine and less effective in comparison to metformin and sulfonylureas in lowering hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c)...
January 15, 2017: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089080/salba-chia-salvia-hispanica-l-in-the-treatment-of-overweight-and-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
V Vuksan, A L Jenkins, C Brissette, L Choleva, E Jovanovski, A L Gibbs, R P Bazinet, F Au-Yeung, A Zurbau, H V T Ho, L Duvnjak, J L Sievenpiper, R G Josse, A Hanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Preliminary findings indicate that consumption of Salba-chia (Salvia hispanica L.), an ancient seed, improves management of type 2 diabetes and suppresses appetite. The aim of this study was to assesse the effect of Salba-chia on body weight, visceral obesity and obesity-related risk factors in overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial with two parallel groups involved 77 overweight or obese patients with type 2 diabetes (HbA1c: 6...
December 9, 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077460/glyburide-versus-metformin-and-their-combination-for-the-treatment-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-study
#5
Zohar Nachum, Noah Zafran, Raed Salim, Noura Hissin, Jamal Hasanein, Yifat Gam Ze Letova, Abeer Suleiman, Enav Yefet
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of glyburide versus metformin and their combination for the treatment of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective randomized controlled study, we randomly assigned patients with GDM at 13-33 weeks gestation and whose blood glucose was poorly controlled by diet to receive either glyburide or metformin. If optimal glycemic control was not achieved, the other drug was added. If adverse effects occurred, the drug was replaced...
January 11, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077380/metabolomic-profiles-as-reliable-biomarkers-of-dietary-composition
#6
Tõnu Esko, Joel N Hirschhorn, Henry A Feldman, Yu-Han H Hsu, Amy A Deik, Clary B Clish, Cara B Ebbeling, David S Ludwig
BACKGROUND: Clinical nutrition research often lacks robust markers of compliance, complicating the interpretation of clinical trials and observational studies of free-living subjects. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine metabolomics profiles in response to 3 diets that differed widely in macronutrient composition during a controlled feeding protocol. DESIGN: Twenty-one adults with a high body mass index (in kg/m(2); mean ± SD: 34.4 ± 4.9) were given hypocaloric diets to promote weight loss corresponding to 10-15% of initial body weight...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075066/efficacy-and-safety-of-fixed-dose-combination-therapy-alogliptin-plus-metformin-in-asian-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-phase-3-trial
#7
Linong Ji, Ling Li, Jian Kuang, Tao Yang, Dong-Jun Kim, Azidah Abdul Kadir, Chien-Ning Huang, Douglas Lee
This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of 26 weeks of twice-daily (BID) alogliptin + metformin fixed-dose combination (FDC) therapy in Asian patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients aged 18 - 75 years with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) 7.5 - 10.0% after ≥2 months of diet and exercise and a 4-week placebo run-in were enrolled. Eligible patients were randomized (1:1:1:1) to placebo, alogliptin 12.5 mg BID, metformin 500 mg BID, or alogliptin 12.5 mg plus metformin 500 mg FDC BID. The primary endpoint was change in HbA1c from baseline to end of treatment (Week 26)...
January 11, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067892/impact-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-celiac-disease-on-nutrition-and-quality-of-life
#8
J G Nunes-Silva, V S Nunes, R P Schwartz, S Mlss Trecco, D Evazian, M L Correa-Giannella, M Nery, M S Queiroz
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and celiac disease (CD) are autoimmune diseases and have similar genetic patterns. T1DM treatment is based on diet, physical activity and insulin therapy, whereas CD depends on dietary changes with restriction of wheat, rye and barley. The aim of the study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) of individuals with the association of T1DM and CD, to characterize their nutritional status and to compare it with those with only one disease and healthier controls...
January 9, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067891/an-interactive-web-based-intervention-on-nutritional-status-physical-activity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patient-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-controlled-trial-the-red-ruby-study
#9
L Jahangiry, A Montazeri, M Najafi, M Yaseri, M A Farhangi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Physical inactivity and unhealthy nutritional behaviors are recognized as the key factors in the cause and management of metabolic syndrome (MetS). The effectiveness of interactive web-based interventions on dietary intakes, physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among people with MetS is currently unknown. METHODS: The two-arm randomized-controlled trial was conducted for patients with MetS from June through December 2012 in Tehran, Iran...
January 9, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063513/associations-between-yoga-meditation-use-body-satisfaction-and-weight-management-methods-results-of-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-8009-australian-women
#10
Romy Lauche, David Sibbritt, Thomas Ostermann, Nicholas R Fuller, Jon Adams, Holger Cramer
OBJECTIVES: To analyze whether yoga or meditation use is associated with body (dis)satisfaction and weight control methods in Australian women. METHODS: Women ages 34 to 39 y from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health were surveyed regarding body satisfaction, weight control behaviors, and yoga and meditation practice. Associations of body satisfaction and weight control methods with yoga/meditation practice were analyzed using chi-squared tests and multiple logistic regression modelling...
February 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051354/effect-of-almond-supplementation-on-glycemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-asian-indians-in-north-india-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-24-week-study
#11
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Ravindra M Pandey
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) statistics have reached menacing proportions in India. Appropriate dietary intervention, as part of healthy lifestyle, is imperative to curb further spread of this disease. OBJECTIVES: This pre-post intervention study was conducted in New Delhi, India, to investigate the effects of daily consumption of almonds for 24 weeks in T2D subjects, specifically on measures of glycemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this study, the 24-week intervention period was preceded by a control diet and exercise run-in period of 3 weeks...
January 4, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043708/emerging-roles-of-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibitors-in-cardiology
#12
REVIEW
Atsushi Tanaka, Koichi Node
The ultimate goal of treatment in people with diabetes mellitus is to prevent development of cardiovascular (CV) disease, resulting in prolongation of healthy life expectancy. Although impaired glycemic metabolism has a central role in its pathology, a number of studies have demonstrated that remedy for its imbalance cannot necessarily be accomplished as a therapeutic goal. A comprehensive medical approach against multi-factorial pathologies in diabetes, such as insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, in addition to diet and exercise therapy should be rather performed in the routine clinical setting...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033258/impact-of-disease-management-programs-on-metabolic-control-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-cohort-study-in-shantou-china
#13
Kun Lin, Xiaoping Yang, Yixi Wu, Shuru Chen, Guoshu Yin, Jianjun Zhan, Chujia Lin, Wencan Xu, Yongsong Chen, Dan Lin, Peiwen Xie, Yishan Fang, Qiuqiang Lin, Shaoda Lin
The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of diabetes disease management program (DMP) on glycemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients in Shantou China.A sample of 240 participants recruited from 3C study Shantou subgroup was followed up in DMP for 3 years. The DMP provided self-management education, individualized therapy plan, diabetes complications screening, and laboratory examination periodical according to clinical practice guidelines. Primary outcomes were changes in hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c)...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030378/does-lifestyle-contribute-to-disease-severity-in-patients-with-inherited-lipid-disorders
#14
Benoit J Arsenault, Nicolas Perrot, Patrick Couture
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with familial hypercholesterolemia, familial combined hyperlipidemia and hyperlipoprotein(a) are at high cardiovascular risk. Increasing evidence suggest that lifestyle-related risk factors such as physical inactivity, and poor diet quality could influence cardiovascular risk in these patients. Our objective is to review the evidence that supports the role of lifestyle-related factors in the prediction of cardiovascular risk in patients with inherited lipid disorders...
December 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029209/mortality-after-percutaneous-coronary-revascularization-prior-cardiovascular-risk-factor-control-and-improved-outcomes-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Awsan Noman, Karthik Balasubramaniam, M Hafez A Alhous, Kelvin Lee, Peter Jesudason, Muhammad Rashid, Mamas A Mamas, Azfar G Zaman
OBJECTIVES: To assess the mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) according to their insulin requirement and PCI setting (elective, urgent, and emergency). BACKGROUND: DM is a major risk factor to develop coronary artery disease (CAD). It is unclear if meticulous glycemic control and aggressive risk factor management in patients with DM has improved outcomes following PCI. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on 9,224 patients treated with PCI at a regional tertiary center between 2008 and 2011...
December 28, 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028392/effect-of-pseudocereal-based-breakfast-meals-on-the-first-and-second-meal-glucose-tolerance-in-healthy-and-diabetic-subjects
#16
Shreef G N Gabrial, Marie-Christine R Shakib, Gamal N Gabrial
BACKGROUND: Many studies have indicated that the incidence of serious diabetic complications may be reduced through strict glycemic control. A low glycemic index diet is one tool to improve insulin resistance and improve glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). AIM: The objective was to study the effect of pseudocereals-based breakfasts (quinoa and buckwheat) on glucose variations at first meal (breakfast) and second meal (standardised lunch) in healthy and diabetic subjects...
December 15, 2016: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024276/effect-of-lifestyle-interventions-on-glucose-regulation-among-adults-without-impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Xuanping Zhang, Giuseppina Imperatore, William Thomas, Yiling J Cheng, Felipe Lobelo, Keri Norris, Heather M Devlin, Mohammed K Ali, Stephanie Gruss, Barbara Bardenheier, Pyone Cho, Isabel Garcia de Quevedo, Uma Mudaliar, Jinan Saaddine, Linda S Geiss, Edward W Gregg
This study systematically assessed the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions on glycemic indicators among adults (⩾18years) without IGT or diabetes. Randomized controlled trials using physical activity (PA), diet (D), or their combined strategies (PA+D) with follow-up ⩾12months were systematically searched from multiple electronic-databases between inception and May 4, 2016. Outcome measures included fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting insulin (FI), homeostasis model assessment-estimated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and bodyweight...
December 3, 2016: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005914/the-association-of-bread-and-rice-with-metabolic-factors-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#18
Mahdieh Akhoundan, Zhaleh Shadman, Parisa Jandaghi, Maryam Aboeerad, Bagher Larijani, Zahra Jamshidi, Hamidreza Ardalani, Mohsen Khoshniat Nikoo
PURPOSE: Carbohydrates are shown to have an important role in blood glucose control, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases risk. This is even more challenging when considering populations consuming refined grains diets. Bread and rice are staple foods which supply main proportion of Iranian calorie intake. This study was designed to investigate the effect of bread and rice intake on blood glucose control, lipid profile and anthropometric measurements in Iranian type 2 diabetic patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999319/exercise-and-beta-glucan-consumption-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-improve-the-metabolic-profile-and-reduce-the-atherogenic-index-in-type-2-diabetic-rats-hfd-stz
#19
Eric Francelino Andrade, Andressa Ribeiro Veiga Lima, Ingrid Edwiges Nunes, Débora Ribeiro Orlando, Paula Novato Gondim, Márcio Gilberto Zangeronimo, Fernando Henrique Ferrari Alves, Luciano José Pereira
Physical activity and the ingestion of dietary fiber are non-drug alternatives commonly used as adjuvants to glycemic control in diabetic individuals. Among these fibers, we can highlight beta-glucans. However, few studies have compared isolated and synergic effects of physical exercise and beta-glucan ingestion, especially in type 2 diabetic rats. Therefore, we evaluated the effects beta-glucan (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) consumption, associated or not to exercise, on metabolic parameters of diabetic Wistar rats...
December 17, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997282/effectiveness-of-a-community-based-physical-activity-and-nutrition-behavior-intervention-on-features-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Van Dinh Tran, Anthony P James, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Peter A Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its subclinical diseases are now public health problems in Vietnam. This study aimed at determining the effectiveness of a physical activity and nutrition program for reducing MetS proportion and its components among adults with MetS in Hanam province, Vietnam. METHODS: A total of 417 volunteers aged 50-65 years with MetS were recruited from 10 communes. The communes were randomly allocated to an intervention group (five communes, n = 214) and a control group (five communes, n = 203)...
December 20, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
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