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Journal of Biomechanics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624597/correction-diabetes-related-changes-in-the-protein-composition-and-the-biomechanical-properties-of-human-retinal-vascular-basement-membranes
#1
Willi Halfter, Suzette Moes, Daphne O Asgeirsson, Kathrin Halfter, Philipp Oertle, Esther Melo Herraiz, Marija Plodinec, Paul Jenoe, Paul Bernhard Henrich
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0189857.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622254/editorial-commentary-a-model-for-shoulder-rotator-cuff-repair-and-for-basic-science-investigations
#2
EDITORIAL
Jefferson C Brand
"Breaking the fourth wall" is a theater convention where the narrator or character speaks directly to the audience. As an Assistant Editor-in-Chief, as I comment on a recent basic science study investigating rotator cuff repair, I break the fourth wall and articulate areas of basic science research excellence that align with the vision that we hold for our journal. Inclusion of a powerful video strengthens the submission. We prefer to publish clinical videos in our companion journal, Arthroscopy Techniques, and encourage basic science video submissions to Arthroscopy...
April 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600309/musculoskeletal-assessments-used-in-quantitatively-based-studies-about-posture-and-movement-in-high-string-players-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Heike Schemmann, Nadine Rensing, Christoff Zalpour
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify and systematically categorize musculoskeletal assessments used in quantitatively based studies about posture and movement in musicians playing high string instruments (violin, viola) in order to inform further research and help to identify gaps in knowledge. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in the databases Cochrane, CINAHL, and PubMed as well as the journal Medical Problems of Performing Artists...
March 2018: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567047/augmented-reality-technology-for-preoperative-planning-and-intraoperative-navigation-during-hepatobiliary-surgery-a-review-of-current-methods
#4
Rui Tang, Long-Fei Ma, Zhi-Xia Rong, Mo-Dan Li, Jian-Ping Zeng, Xue-Dong Wang, Hong-En Liao, Jia-Hong Dong
BACKGROUND: Augmented reality (AR) technology is used to reconstruct three-dimensional (3D) images of hepatic and biliary structures from computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging data, and to superimpose the virtual images onto a view of the surgical field. In liver surgery, these superimposed virtual images help the surgeon to visualize intrahepatic structures and therefore, to operate precisely and to improve clinical outcomes. DATA SOURCES: The keywords "augmented reality", "liver", "laparoscopic" and "hepatectomy" were used for searching publications in the PubMed database...
February 19, 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549406/myomodulation-with-injectable-fillers-an-innovative-approach-to-addressing-facial-muscle-movement
#5
Maurício de Maio
Consideration of facial muscle dynamics is underappreciated among clinicians who provide injectable filler treatment. Injectable fillers are customarily used to fill static wrinkles, folds, and localized areas of volume loss, whereas neuromodulators are used to address excessive muscle movement. However, a more comprehensive understanding of the role of muscle function in facial appearance, taking into account biomechanical concepts such as the balance of activity among synergistic and antagonistic muscle groups, is critical to restoring facial appearance to that of a typical youthful individual with facial esthetic treatments...
March 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370362/the-pipe-model-theory-half-a-century-on-a-review
#6
Romain Lehnebach, Robert Beyer, Véronique Letort, Patrick Heuret
Background: More than a half century ago, Shinozaki et al. (Shinozaki K, Yoda K, Hozumi K, Kira T. 1964b. A quantitative analysis of plant form - the pipe model theory. II. Further evidence of the theory and its application in forest ecology. Japanese Journal of Ecology14: 133-139) proposed an elegant conceptual framework, the pipe model theory (PMT), to interpret the observed linear relationship between the amount of stem tissue and corresponding supported leaves. The PMT brought a satisfactory answer to two vividly debated problems that were unresolved at the moment of its publication: (1) What determines tree form and which rules drive biomass allocation to the foliar versus stem compartments in plants? (2) How can foliar area or mass in an individual plant, in a stand or at even larger scales be estimated? Since its initial formulation, the PMT has been reinterpreted and used in applications, and has undoubtedly become an important milestone in the mathematical interpretation of plant form and functioning...
January 23, 2018: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247253/perspectives-on-sharing-models-and-related-resources-in-computational-biomechanics-research
#7
Ahmet Erdemir, Peter J Hunter, Gerhard A Holzapfel, Leslie M Loew, John Middleton, Christopher R Jacobs, Perumal Nithiarasu, Rainlad Löhner, Guowei Wei, Beth A Winkelstein, Victor H Barocas, Farshid Guilak, Joy P Ku, Jennifer L Hicks, Scott L Delp, Michael Sacks, Jeffrey A Weiss, Gerard A Ateshian, Steve A Maas, Andrew D McCulloch, Grace C Y Peng
The role of computational modeling for biomechanics research and related clinical care will be increasingly prominent. The biomechanics community has been developing computational models routinely for exploration of the mechanics and mechanobiology of diverse biological structures. As a result, a large array of models, data, and discipline-specific simulation software has emerged to support endeavors in computational biomechanics. Sharing computational models and related data and simulation software has first become a utilitarian interest, and now, it is a necessity...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233066/commentary-on-jenny-et-al-biomechanical-response-of-the-infant-head-to-shaking-an-experimental-investigation
#8
Dutch Johnson, Roland N Auer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129137/citation-metrics-of-excellence-in-sports-biomechanics-research
#9
Duane Knudson
This study extended research on key citation metrics of winners of two career scholar awards in sports biomechanics. Google Scholar (GS) was searched using Harzing's Publish or Perish software for the 13 most recent winners of the ISBS Geoffrey Dyson Award and the ASB Jim Hay Memorial Award. Returned records were corrected for author, and publications excluded for all but peer-reviewed journal articles, proceedings articles, chapters and books in English. These recent award winners had published about 150 publications that had been cited typically 4,082 and 6,648 times over a 26- and 28-year period before receiving these career awards for sports biomechanics research...
November 13, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065066/severe-burn-induced-inflammation-and-remodeling-of-achilles-tendon-in-a-rat-model
#10
Paula Hernandez, Dustin Buller, Thomas Mitchell, Jamie Wright, Haixiang Liang, Kshitij Manchanda, Tre Welch, Ryan M Huebinger, Deborah L Carlson, Steven E Wolf, Juquan Song
Severe burn causes systemic inflammation and hypercatabolism, resulting in damage to multiple organs distant to the burn site, including the musculoskeletal system. Bone mass and muscle loss have been reported. However, tendon that connects bone and muscle has not been studied in comparable detail. Here we aimed to characterize the molecular and functional changes in Achilles tendon triggered by severe burn. Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats received 40% total body surface area scald burn. Achilles tendons were collected up to 14 days post burn...
October 23, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061616/transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-cortical-bone-trajectory-screws-versus-traditional-pedicle-screws-fixation-a-study-protocol-of-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Zhenhua Feng, Xiaobin Li, Qian Tang, Chenggui Wang, Wenhao Zheng, Hui Zhang, Ai-Min Wu, Naifeng Tian, Yaosen Wu, Wenfei Ni
INTRODUCTION: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has been widely used in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disorders and shows favourable clinical results. Recently, cortical bone trajectory (CBT) has become a new trajectory for screw insertion in the lumbar spine. Several biomechanical studies have demonstrated that the CBT technique achieves screw purchase and strength greater than the traditional method. Currently, the available data on the clinical effectiveness of the two performed surgeries, TLIF with CBT screws (CBT-TLIF) and TLIF with traditional pedicle screws (PS-TLIF), are insufficient...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059272/erratum-reporting-the-fatigue-life-of-316l-stainless-steel-locking-compression-plate-implants-the-role-of-the-femoral-and-tibial-biomechanics-during-the-gait-journal-of-biomechanical-engineering-2017-139-10-pp-104502-1-104502-5
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979585/posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-an-overview
#13
Samuel Ka-Kin Ling, Tun Hing Lui
BACKGROUND: Adult acquired flatfoot deformity is a commonly seen condition with a large clinical spectrum. It ranges from asymptomatic subjects to severely disabled arthritic patients. Posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction is a common cause of adult acquired flatfoot deformity. METHODS: This article systematically reviews the published literature from books and journals that were either originally written or later translated into the English language regarding the subject of posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881939/data-management-rubric-for-video-data-in-organismal-biology
#14
Elizabeth L Brainerd, Richard W Blob, Tyson L Hedrick, Andrew T Creamer, Ulrike K Müller
Standards-based data management facilitates data preservation, discoverability, and access for effective data reuse within research groups and across communities of researchers. Data sharing requires community consensus on standards for data management, such as storage and formats for digital data preservation, metadata (i.e., contextual data about the data) that should be recorded and stored, and data access. Video imaging is a valuable tool for measuring time-varying phenotypes in organismal biology, with particular application for research in functional morphology, comparative biomechanics, and animal behavior...
July 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879571/risk-factors-for-non-contact-injury-in-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Mitchell R L Forrest, Jeffrey J Hebert, Brendan R Scott, Stefano Brini, Alasdair R Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to injury. Recognising the risk factors for non-contact injury in this population will aid future injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for non-contact injury in adolescent cricket pace bowlers. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and the South African Journal of Sports Medicine to identify all experimental and observational studies reporting risk factors for non-contact injuries in pace bowlers (aged 12-19 years)...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827268/shoe-cushioning-body-mass-and-running-biomechanics-as-risk-factors-for-running-injury-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Laurent Malisoux, Nicolas Delattre, Axel Urhausen, Daniel Theisen
INTRODUCTION: Repetitive loading of the musculoskeletal system is suggested to be involved in the underlying mechanism of the majority of running-related injuries (RRIs). Accordingly, heavier runners are assumed to be at a higher risk of RRI. The cushioning system of modern running shoes is expected to protect runners again high impact forces, and therefore, RRI. However, the role of shoe cushioning in injury prevention remains unclear. The main aim of this study is to investigate the influence of shoe cushioning and body mass on RRI risk, while exploring simultaneously the association between running technique and RRI risk...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657927/comparison-of-4-methods-for-dynamization-of-locking-plates-differences-in-the-amount-and-type-of-fracture-motion
#17
Julia Henschel, Stanley Tsai, Daniel C Fitzpatrick, J Lawrence Marsh, Steven M Madey, Michael Bottlang
BACKGROUND: Decreasing the stiffness of locked plating constructs can promote natural fracture healing by controlled dynamization of the fracture. This biomechanical study compared the effect of 4 different stiffness reduction methods on interfragmentary motion by measuring axial motion and shear motion at the fracture site. METHODS: Distal femur locking plates were applied to bridge a metadiaphyseal fracture in femur surrogates. A locked construct with a short-bridge span served as the nondynamized control group (LOCKED)...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644240/corneal-stiffening-by-a-bacteriochlorophyll-derivative-with-dextran-and-near-infrared-light-effect-of-shortening-irradiation-time-up-to-1-minute
#18
Jurriaan Brekelmans, Alexandra Goz, Mor M Dickman, Alexander Brandis, Xiaomeng Sui, H Daniel Wagner, Rudy M M A Nuijts, Avigdor Scherz, Arie L Marcovich
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of variation of the exposure time of near-infrared irradiation on corneal stiffening after a bacteriochlorophyll derivative (WST11) with dextran (WST-D) application. METHODS: One hundred four paired eyes of 3-month-old New Zealand White rabbits were included in this study. Fifty-two eyes (ex vivo n = 34, in vivo n = 18) were mechanically deepithelialized, treated topically with WST-D, and irradiated at 10 mW/cm using a diode laser at 755 nm for 1, 5, or 30 minutes...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637787/biophysics-and-biofluid-dynamics-of-primary-cilia-evidence-for-and-against-the-flow-sensing-function
#19
REVIEW
Subhra Nag, Andrew Resnick
Primary cilia have been called "the forgotten organelle" for over 20 yr. As cilia now have their own journal and several books devoted to their study, perhaps it is time to reconsider the moniker "forgotten organelle." In fact, during the drafting of this review, 12 relevant publications have been issued; we therefore apologize in advance for any relevant work we inadvertently omitted. What purpose is yet another ciliary review? The primary goal of this review is to specifically examine the evidence for and against the hypothesized flow-sensing function of primary cilia expressed by differentiated epithelia within a kidney tubule, bringing together differing disciplines and their respective conceptual and experimental approaches...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550427/the-fifty-highest-cited-papers-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#20
Ines Vielgut, Jan Dauwe, Andreas Leithner, Lukas A Holzer
INTRODUCTION: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common injured knee ligaments and at the same time, one of the most frequent injuries seen in the sport orthopaedic practice. Due to the clinical relevance of ACL injuries, numerous papers focussing on this topic including biomechanical-, basic science-, clinical- or animal studies, were published. The purpose of this study was to determine the most frequently cited scientific articles which address this subject, establish a ranking of the 50 highest cited papers and analyse them according to their characteristics...
July 2017: International Orthopaedics
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