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Journal of Biomechanics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233066/commentary-on-jenny-carole-a-bertocci-gina-fukuda-tsuguhiro-rangarajan-nagarajan-and-shams-tariq-biomechanical-response-of-the-infant-head-to-shaking-an-experimental-investigation-journal-of-neurotrauma-april-2017-34-8-1579-1588
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129137/citation-metrics-of-excellence-in-sports-biomechanics-research
#2
Duane Knudson
This study extended research on key citation metrics of winners of two career scholar awards in sports biomechanics. Google Scholar (GS) was searched using Harzing's Publish or Perish software for the 13 most recent winners of the ISBS Geoffrey Dyson Award and the ASB Jim Hay Memorial Award. Returned records were corrected for author, and publications excluded for all but peer-reviewed journal articles, proceedings articles, chapters and books in English. These recent award winners had published about 150 publications that had been cited typically 4,082 and 6,648 times over a 26- and 28-year period before receiving these career awards for sports biomechanics research...
November 13, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065066/severe-burn-induced-inflammation-and-remodeling-of-achilles-tendon-in-a-rat-model
#3
Paula Hernandez, Dustin Buller, Thomas Mitchell, Jamie Wright, Haixiang Liang, Kshitij Manchanda, Tre Welch, Ryan M Huebinger, Deborah L Carlson, Steven E Wolf, Juquan Song
Severe burn causes systemic inflammation and hypercatabolism, resulting in damage to multiple organs distant to the burn site, including the musculoskeletal system. Bone mass and muscle loss have been reported. However, tendon that connects bone and muscle has not been studied in comparable detail. Here we aimed to characterize the molecular and functional changes in Achilles tendon triggered by severe burn. Forty male Sprague-Dawley rats received 40% total body surface area scald burn. Achilles tendons were collected up to 14 days post burn...
October 23, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061616/transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-cortical-bone-trajectory-screws-versus-traditional-pedicle-screws-fixation-a-study-protocol-of-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Zhenhua Feng, Xiaobin Li, Qian Tang, Chenggui Wang, Wenhao Zheng, Hui Zhang, Ai-Min Wu, Naifeng Tian, Yaosen Wu, Wenfei Ni
INTRODUCTION: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has been widely used in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disorders and shows favourable clinical results. Recently, cortical bone trajectory (CBT) has become a new trajectory for screw insertion in the lumbar spine. Several biomechanical studies have demonstrated that the CBT technique achieves screw purchase and strength greater than the traditional method. Currently, the available data on the clinical effectiveness of the two performed surgeries, TLIF with CBT screws (CBT-TLIF) and TLIF with traditional pedicle screws (PS-TLIF), are insufficient...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059272/erratum-reporting-the-fatigue-life-of-316l-stainless-steel-locking-compression-plate-implants-the-role-of-the-femoral-and-tibial-biomechanics-during-the-gait-journal-of-biomechanical-engineering-2017-139-10-pp-104502-1-104502-5
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979585/posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-an-overview
#6
Samuel Ka-Kin Ling, Tun Hing Lui
BACKGROUND: Adult acquired flatfoot deformity is a commonly seen condition with a large clinical spectrum. It ranges from asymptomatic subjects to severely disabled arthritic patients. Posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction is a common cause of adult acquired flatfoot deformity. METHODS: This article systematically reviews the published literature from books and journals that were either originally written or later translated into the English language regarding the subject of posterior tibialis tendon dysfunction...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881939/data-management-rubric-for-video-data-in-organismal-biology
#7
Elizabeth L Brainerd, Richard W Blob, Tyson L Hedrick, Andrew T Creamer, Ulrike K Müller
Standards-based data management facilitates data preservation, discoverability, and access for effective data reuse within research groups and across communities of researchers. Data sharing requires community consensus on standards for data management, such as storage and formats for digital data preservation, metadata (i.e., contextual data about the data) that should be recorded and stored, and data access. Video imaging is a valuable tool for measuring time-varying phenotypes in organismal biology, with particular application for research in functional morphology, comparative biomechanics, and animal behavior...
July 1, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879571/risk-factors-for-non-contact-injury-in-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Mitchell R L Forrest, Jeffrey J Hebert, Brendan R Scott, Stefano Brini, Alasdair R Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to injury. Recognising the risk factors for non-contact injury in this population will aid future injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for non-contact injury in adolescent cricket pace bowlers. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and the South African Journal of Sports Medicine to identify all experimental and observational studies reporting risk factors for non-contact injuries in pace bowlers (aged 12-19 years)...
December 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827268/shoe-cushioning-body-mass-and-running-biomechanics-as-risk-factors-for-running-injury-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
Laurent Malisoux, Nicolas Delattre, Axel Urhausen, Daniel Theisen
INTRODUCTION: Repetitive loading of the musculoskeletal system is suggested to be involved in the underlying mechanism of the majority of running-related injuries (RRIs). Accordingly, heavier runners are assumed to be at a higher risk of RRI. The cushioning system of modern running shoes is expected to protect runners again high impact forces, and therefore, RRI. However, the role of shoe cushioning in injury prevention remains unclear. The main aim of this study is to investigate the influence of shoe cushioning and body mass on RRI risk, while exploring simultaneously the association between running technique and RRI risk...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657927/comparison-of-4-methods-for-dynamization-of-locking-plates-differences-in-the-amount-and-type-of-fracture-motion
#10
Julia Henschel, Stanley Tsai, Daniel C Fitzpatrick, J Lawrence Marsh, Steven M Madey, Michael Bottlang
BACKGROUND: Decreasing the stiffness of locked plating constructs can promote natural fracture healing by controlled dynamization of the fracture. This biomechanical study compared the effect of 4 different stiffness reduction methods on interfragmentary motion by measuring axial motion and shear motion at the fracture site. METHODS: Distal femur locking plates were applied to bridge a metadiaphyseal fracture in femur surrogates. A locked construct with a short-bridge span served as the nondynamized control group (LOCKED)...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644240/corneal-stiffening-by-a-bacteriochlorophyll-derivative-with-dextran-and-near-infrared-light-effect-of-shortening-irradiation-time-up-to-1-minute
#11
Jurriaan Brekelmans, Alexandra Goz, Mor M Dickman, Alexander Brandis, Xiaomeng Sui, H Daniel Wagner, Rudy M M A Nuijts, Avigdor Scherz, Arie L Marcovich
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of variation of the exposure time of near-infrared irradiation on corneal stiffening after a bacteriochlorophyll derivative (WST11) with dextran (WST-D) application. METHODS: One hundred four paired eyes of 3-month-old New Zealand White rabbits were included in this study. Fifty-two eyes (ex vivo n = 34, in vivo n = 18) were mechanically deepithelialized, treated topically with WST-D, and irradiated at 10 mW/cm using a diode laser at 755 nm for 1, 5, or 30 minutes...
June 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637787/biophysics-and-biofluid-dynamics-of-primary-cilia-evidence-for-and-against-the-flow-sensing-function
#12
REVIEW
Subhra Nag, Andrew Resnick
Primary cilia have been called "the forgotten organelle" for over 20 yr. As cilia now have their own journal and several books devoted to their study, perhaps it is time to reconsider the moniker "forgotten organelle." In fact, during the drafting of this review, 12 relevant publications have been issued; we therefore apologize in advance for any relevant work we inadvertently omitted. What purpose is yet another ciliary review? The primary goal of this review is to specifically examine the evidence for and against the hypothesized flow-sensing function of primary cilia expressed by differentiated epithelia within a kidney tubule, bringing together differing disciplines and their respective conceptual and experimental approaches...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550427/the-fifty-highest-cited-papers-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#13
Ines Vielgut, Jan Dauwe, Andreas Leithner, Lukas A Holzer
INTRODUCTION: The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common injured knee ligaments and at the same time, one of the most frequent injuries seen in the sport orthopaedic practice. Due to the clinical relevance of ACL injuries, numerous papers focussing on this topic including biomechanical-, basic science-, clinical- or animal studies, were published. The purpose of this study was to determine the most frequently cited scientific articles which address this subject, establish a ranking of the 50 highest cited papers and analyse them according to their characteristics...
July 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494039/top-cited-articles-in-implant-dentistry
#14
Anastasia Fardi, Konstantinos Kodonas, Theodoros Lillis, Alexander Veis
PURPOSE: Citation analysis is the field of bibliometrics that uses citation data to evaluate the scientific recognition and the influential performance of a research article in the scientific community. The aim of this study was to conduct a bibliometric analysis of the top-cited articles pertaining to implant dentistry, to analyze the main characteristics, and to display the most interesting topics and evolutionary trends. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 100 top-cited articles published in "Dentistry, Oral Surgery, and Medicine" journals were identified using the Science Citation Index Database...
May 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331218/identification-of-a-novel-heterozygous-mutation-of-the-aggrecan-gene-in-a-family-with-idiopathic-short-stature-and-multiple-intervertebral-disc-herniation
#15
Sumito Dateki, Akiko Nakatomi, Satoshi Watanabe, Hitomi Shimizu, Yukiko Inoue, Hideo Baba, Koh-Ichiro Yoshiura, Hiroyuki Moriuchi
Aggrecan is a critical proteoglycan component of the extracellular matrix of the growth plates and articular cartilage and has a key role in the biophysical and biomechanical properties of cartilage. Recently, heterozygous mutations in the ACAN gene, which encodes aggrecan, have been identified in patients with short stature and accelerated bone age. We herein report another family with a heterozygous ACAN mutation associated with idiopathic short stature along with accelerated bone age and early-onset herniation of the lumbar discs at the levels of L1/2 through L5/S1...
July 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276753/dual-mobility-acetabular-cup-for-total-hip-arthroplasty-use-with-caution
#16
Hamed Vahedi, Asim M Makhdom, Javad Parvizi
Dual-mobility cups were introduced to reduce the incidence of dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA). The biomechanics of dual-mobility cups allow for greater range of motion, jump distance and better stability when compared to conventional cups in THA. These cups can be very beneficial in THA particularly when the hip instability is a concern such as elderly patients, obese, hip fracture patients, those with neuromuscular diseases, or patients undergoing revision THA for instability. Areas covered: An extensive search is conducted in PubMed and Google scholar to find past five years publications relevant to dual-mobility cups in THA...
March 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274476/new-tools-for-content-innovation-and-data-sharing-enhancing-reproducibility-and-rigor-in-biomechanics-research
#17
EDITORIAL
Farshid Guilak
We are currently in one of the most exciting times for science and engineering as we witness unprecedented growth in our computational and experimental capabilities to generate new data and models. To facilitate data and model sharing, and to enhance reproducibility and rigor in biomechanics research, the Journal of Biomechanics has introduced a number of tools for Content Innovation to allow presentation, sharing, and archiving of methods, models, and data in our articles. The tools include an Interactive Plot Viewer, 3D Geometric Shape and Model Viewer, Virtual Microscope, Interactive MATLAB Figure Viewer, and Audioslides...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246134/precision-orthotics-optimising-ankle-foot-orthoses-to-improve-gait-in-patients-with-neuromuscular-diseases-protocol-of-the-proof-afo-study-a-prospective-intervention-study
#18
Niels F J Waterval, Frans Nollet, Jaap Harlaar, Merel-Anne Brehm
INTRODUCTION: In patients with neuromuscular disorders and subsequent calf muscle weakness, metabolic walking energy cost (EC) is nearly always increased, which may restrict walking activity in daily life. To reduce walking EC, a spring-like ankle-foot-orthosis (AFO) can be prescribed. However, the reduction in EC that can be obtained from these AFOs is stiffness dependent, and it is unknown which AFO stiffness would optimally support calf muscle weakness. The PROOF-AFO study aims to determine the effectiveness of stiffness-optimised AFOs on reducing walking EC, and improving gait biomechanics and walking speed in patients with calf muscle weakness, compared to standard, non-optimised AFOs...
February 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228612/biomechanical-evaluation-of-three-ventral-fixation-methods-for-canine-atlantoaxial-instability-a-cadaveric-study
#19
Fumitaka Takahashi, Takaharu Hakozaki, Nobuo Kanno, Yasuji Harada, Shinya Yamaguchi, Yasushi Hara
Vol. 78, No. 12 (2016), The "received date" year in the manuscript was printed incorrectly. Error: Received 25 March 2015 ↓ Correction: Received 25 March 2016 The Journal of Veterinary Medical Science Editorial Office would like to offer our sincere apologies for this mistake.
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226218/assessing-cartilage-biomechanical-properties-techniques-for-evaluating-the-functional-performance-of-cartilage-in-health-and-disease
#20
Benjamin A Lakin, Brian D Snyder, Mark W Grinstaff
Osteoarthritis (OA) affects millions of people and results in weakened hyaline cartilage due to overloading. During joint articulation, hyaline cartilage must withstand high loads while maintaining low friction to prevent wear and tissue loss. Thus, cartilage compressive stiffness and the coefficient of friction are important indicators of the tissue's functional performance. These mechanical properties are often measured ex vivo using mechanical testing regimens, but arthroscopic handheld probes (e.g., for indentation testing, ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography) and noninvasive imaging modalities (e...
February 2, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
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