keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Biomechanics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057631/ultimate-fracture-load-of-cadaver-proximal-humeri-correlates-more-strongly-with-mean-combined-cortical-thickness-than-with-areal-cortical-index-dexa-density-or-canal-to-calcar-ratio
#1
J G Skedros, C S Mears, W Z Burkhead
OBJECTIVES: This investigation sought to advance the work published in our prior biomechanical study (Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 2016). We specifically sought to determine whether there are additional easy-to-measure parameters on plain radiographs of the proximal humerus that correlate more strongly with ultimate fracture load, and whether a parameter resembling the Dorr strength/quality characterisation of proximal femurs can be applied to humeri. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 33 adult humeri were used from a previous study where we quantified bone mineral density of the proximal humerus using radiographs and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA), and regional mean cortical thickness and cortical index using radiographs...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056131/journal-of-biomechanical-engineering-legacy-paper-2016
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042119/periprosthetic-femoral-fractures-and-trying-to-avoid-them-what-is-the-contribution-of-femoral-component-design-to-the-increased-risk-of-periprosthetic-femoral-fracture
#3
A V Carli, J J Negus, F S Haddad
AIMS: Periprosthetic femoral fractures (PFF) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) are devastating complications that are associated with functional limitations and increased overall mortality. Although cementless implants have been associated with an increased risk of PFF, the precise contribution of implant geometry and design on the risk of both intra-operative and post-operative PFF remains poorly investigated. A systematic review was performed to aggregate all of the PFF literature with specific attention to the femoral implant used...
January 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005657/influence-of-orbital-implant-length-and-diameter-on-stress-distribution-a-finite-element-analysis
#4
Zhang Xing, Ling Song Chen, Wei Peng, Ling Jian Chen
PURPOSE: A mathematical simulation of stress distribution around orbital implants was used to determine which length and diameter of implants would be best to dissipate stress. METHODS: An integrated system for computed tomography data was utilized to create a 3-dimensional model of craniofacial structures. The model simulated implants placed in the 7, 11, and 12 o'clock positions of the orbital rim. A load of 2 N was applied to the model along the long axis of the implant (model 1) and an angle of 45° with the long axis of the implant (model 2)...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959639/physicochemical-property-variation-in-spider-silk-ecology-evolution-and-synthetic-production
#5
Sean J Blamires, Todd A Blackledge, I-Min Tso
The unique combination of great stiffness, strength, and extensibility makes spider major ampullate (MA) silk desirable for various biomimetic and synthetic applications. Intensive research on the genetics, biochemistry, and biomechanics of this material has facilitated a thorough understanding of its properties at various levels. Nevertheless, methods such as cloning, recombination, and electrospinning have not successfully produced materials with properties as impressive as those of spider silk. It is nevertheless becoming clear that silk properties are a consequence of whole-organism interactions with the environment in addition to genetic expression, gland biochemistry, and spinning processes...
December 7, 2016: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916185/editorial-commentary-when-is-it-just-a-labral-tear-and-not-femoroacetabular-impingement
#6
EDITORIAL
Paul E Beaulé
How often in medicine do we have a diagnosis or pathology to evaluate and treat that hasn't previously been described? With the introduction of the concept of femoroacetabular impingement in 1999, Ganz and colleagues effectively put forth a not-previously-described diagnosis in the field of orthopaedic surgery that has expanded into the biosphere of musculoskeletal care, where we can find now research on this subject in radiology, rheumatology, biomechanics, biomedical, physical therapy, and sports medicine journals...
December 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900175/free-fall-acrobatics-to-reduce-neck-loads-during-parachute-opening-shock-evaluation-of-an-intervention-acropose
#7
Anton Westman, Björn O Äng
INTRODUCTION: Neck pain is a widespread health problem in the skydiver athlete population, epidemiologically linked to repeated exposure to parachute opening shock (POS). During POS, a parachutist is subjected to considerable deceleration forces. This study aims to evaluate the use of preventive free fall acrobatics to reduce the biomechanical load on the neck of parachutists during parachute opening. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Interventional study with a cross-over, within-subject, repeated measures design...
2016: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787486/minimally-invasive-cervical-spine-surgery
#8
Branko Skovrlj, Sheeraz A Qureshi
AIM: Degenerative disorders of the cervical spine requiring surgical intervention have become increasingly more common over the past decade. Traditionally, open surgical approaches have been the mainstay of surgical treatment. More commonly, minimally invasive techniques are being developed with the intent to decrease surgical morbidity and iatrogenic spinal instability. This study will review four minimally invasive cervical techniques that have been increasingly utilized in the treatment of degenerative cervical spine disease...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749518/the-role-of-occlusion-in-implant-therapy-a-comprehensive-updated-review
#9
Rachel A Sheridan, Ann M Decker, Alexandra B Plonka, Hom-Lay Wang
PURPOSE: Occlusal overload may cause implant biomechanical failures, marginal bone loss, or even complete loss of osseointegration. Thus, it is important for clinicians to understand the role of occlusion in implant long-term stability. This systematic review updates the understanding of occlusion on dental implants, the impact on the surrounding peri-implant tissues, and the effects of occlusal overload on implants. Additionally, recommendations of occlusal scheme for implant prostheses and designs were formulated...
December 2016: Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707836/strength-training-for-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-star-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-determine-the-feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy-of-resistance-training-for-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy
#10
Jennifer M Ryan, Nicola Theis, Cherry Kilbride, Vasilios Baltzopoulos, Charlie Waugh, Adam Shortland, Grace Lavelle, Marika Noorkoiv, Wendy Levin, Thomas Korff
INTRODUCTION: Gait is inefficient in children with cerebral palsy, particularly as they transition to adolescence. Gait inefficiency may be associated with declines in gross motor function and participation among adolescents with cerebral palsy. Resistance training may improve gait efficiency through a number of biomechanical and neural mechanisms. The aim of the Strength Training for Adolescents with cerebral palsy (STAR) trial is to evaluate the effect of resistance training on gait efficiency, activity and participation in adolescents with cerebral palsy...
October 4, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620830/how-baleen-whales-feed-the-biomechanics-of-engulfment-and-filtration
#11
J A Goldbogen, D E Cade, J Calambokidis, A S Friedlaender, J Potvin, P S Segre, A J Werth
Baleen whales are gigantic obligate filter feeders that exploit aggregations of small-bodied prey in littoral, epipelagic, and mesopelagic ecosystems. At the extreme of maximum body size observed among mammals, baleen whales exhibit a unique combination of high overall energetic demands and low mass-specific metabolic rates. As a result, most baleen whale species have evolved filter-feeding mechanisms and foraging strategies that take advantage of seasonally abundant yet patchily and ephemerally distributed prey resources...
January 3, 2017: Annual Review of Marine Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334280/factors-that-influence-the-performance-of-elite-sprint-cross-country-skiers
#12
Kim Hébert-Losier, Christoph Zinner, Simon Platt, Thomas Stöggl, Hans-Christer Holmberg
BACKGROUND: Sprint events in cross-country skiing are unique not only with respect to their length (0.8-1.8 km), but also in involving four high-intensity heats of ~3 min in duration, separated by a relatively short recovery period (15-60 min). OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to systematically review the scientific literature to identify factors related to the performance of elite sprint cross-country skiers. METHODS: Four electronic databases were searched using relevant medical subject headings and keywords, as were reference lists, relevant journals, and key authors in the field...
June 22, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311908/biomechanical-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-tibiofemoral-knee-osteoarthritis-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Joyce A C van Tunen, Andrea Dell'Isola, Carsten Juhl, Joost Dekker, Martijn Steultjens, Hans Lund
INTRODUCTION: Altered biomechanics, increased joint loading and tissue damage, might be related in a vicious cycle within the development of knee osteoarthritis (KOA). We have defined biomechanical factors as joint-related factors that interact with the forces, moments and kinematics in and around a synovial joint. Although a number of studies and systematic reviews have been performed to assess the association of various factors with the development of KOA, a comprehensive overview focusing on biomechanical factors that are associated with the development of KOA is not available...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271147/journal-of-biomechanical-engineering-legacy-paper-2016
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27171282/the-effectiveness-of-injury-prevention-programs-to-modify-risk-factors-for-non-contact-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-hamstring-injuries-in-uninjured-team-sports-athletes-a-systematic-review
#15
Alireza Monajati, Eneko Larumbe-Zabala, Mark Goss-Sampson, Fernando Naclerio
BACKGROUND: Hamstring strain and anterior cruciate ligament injuries are, respectively, the most prevalent and serious non-contact occurring injuries in team sports. Specific biomechanical and neuromuscular variables have been used to estimate the risk of incurring a non-contact injury in athletes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to systematically review the evidences for the effectiveness of injury prevention protocols to modify biomechanical and neuromuscular anterior cruciate and/or hamstring injuries associated risk factors in uninjured team sport athletes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27106555/is-there-evidence-that-runners-can-benefit-from-wearing-compression-clothing
#16
REVIEW
Florian Azad Engel, Hans-Christer Holmberg, Billy Sperlich
BACKGROUND: Runners at various levels of performance and specializing in different events (from 800 m to marathons) wear compression socks, sleeves, shorts, and/or tights in attempt to improve their performance and facilitate recovery. Recently, a number of publications reporting contradictory results with regard to the influence of compression garments in this context have appeared. OBJECTIVES: To assess original research on the effects of compression clothing (socks, calf sleeves, shorts, and tights) on running performance and recovery...
December 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26978712/erratum-development-of-a-gravid-uterus-model-for-the-study-of-road-accidents-involving-pregnant-women-asme-j-biomech-eng-2016-138-1-p-011009
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26902674/classroom-journal-club-collaborative-study-of-contemporary-primary-literature-in-the-biomechanics-classroom
#18
Laurel Kuxhaus, Nicole C Corbiere
Current engineering pedagogy primarily focuses on developing technical proficiency and problem solving skills; the peer-review process for sharing new research results is often overlooked. The use of a collaborative classroom journal club can engage students with the excitement of scientific discovery and the process of dissemination of research results, which are also important lifelong learning skills. In this work, a classroom journal club was implemented and a survey of student perceptions spanning three student cohorts was collected...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848842/correction-effect-of-pore-size-and-porosity-on-the-biomechanical-properties-and-cytocompatibility-of-porous-niti-alloys
#19
Yu-Tao Jian, Yue Yang, Tian Tian, Clark Stanford, Xin-Ping Zhang, Ke Zhao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26835204/the-100-most-influential-articles-in-cervical-spine-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Branko Skovrlj, Jeremy Steinberger, Javier Z Guzman, Samuel C Overley, Sheeraz A Qureshi, John M Caridi, Samuel K Cho
Study Design Literature review. Objective To identify and analyze the top 100 cited articles in cervical spine surgery. Methods The Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge was searched for citations of all articles relevant to cervical spine surgery. The number of citations, authorship, year of publication, journal of publication, country of publication, and institution were recorded for each article. Results The most cited article was the classic from 1991 by Vernon and Mior that described the Neck Disability Index...
February 2016: Global Spine Journal
keyword
keyword
90890
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"