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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349584/-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-geriatrics-indications-technique-and-complications
#1
Rainer Wirth
The technique of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) was introduced in 1979 as a semi-invasive approach for children with the need for a gastric fistula in order to avoid an operative intervention. The suture pull-through method was rapidly established and is now omnipresent. Because scientific evidence is broadly missing, there is some uncertainty about the indications in geriatric medicine. Guidelines do not recommend the insertion of a PEG in patients with severe dementia and malnutrition. Tube feeding is mainly recommended as a temporary method for patients who cannot take oral nutrition for more than 3 days or for whom the energy intake for more than 10 days presumably covers less than 50% of their needs, assuming that the overall prognosis is reasonable...
January 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341970/does-the-use-of-indirect-calorimetry-change-outcome-in-the-icu-yes-it-does
#2
Elisabeth De Waele, Patrick M Honoré, Manu L N G Malbrain
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent findings on metabolic monitoring and possible beneficial effects of an adequate nutrition therapy, based on indirect calorimetry as the golden standard to predict energy expenditure. RECENT FINDINGS: in the last decades, major steps are taken in the field of metabolism and nutrition, evolving from nutrition as a baseline support to a therapeutic intervention. The aspect of energy expenditure is of cardinal importance, and technical possibilities have impressively improved: from the first 'calorimetre' in 1789 to the new generation, clinical applicable indirect calorimeters and the high accuracy and easy use model reaching high technology readiness level [Oshima et al...
January 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334916/influence-of-drought-stress-on-afalfa-yields-and-nutritional-composition
#3
Yinghao Liu, Qian Wu, Gentu Ge, Guodong Han, Yushan Jia
BACKGROUND: It is predicted that climate change may increase the risk of local droughts, with severe consequences for agricultural practices. METHODS: Here we report the influence of drought on alfalfa yields and nutritional composition, based on artificially induced drought conditions during two field experiments. Two types of alfalfa cultivars were compared, Gold Queen and Suntory. The severity and timing of drought periods were varied, and the crop was harvested either early during flowering, or late at full bloom...
January 15, 2018: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323423/enteral-feeding-tube-clogging-what-are-the-causes-and-what-are-the-answers-a-bench-top-analysis
#4
Christopher M Garrison
BACKGROUND: Clogged enteral feeding tubes remain a significant barrier to the delivery of nutrition, hydration, and medications to patients who cannot tolerate oral intake. There is limited research that compares the relative efficacy of different methods used to clear a clogged feeding tube. The objectives of this study were to better understand the factors that contribute to enteral feeding tube clogging and to test the efficacy of 3 methods for clearing clogged feeding tubes. METHODS: Three formulations of clogs were artificially created and tested in vitro and composed of various quantities of crushed medication (ie, aspirin) and 0...
January 11, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316469/numerical-research-on-the-effects-the-skyglow-could-have-in-phytochromes-and-rqe-photoreceptors-of-plants
#5
H A Solano-Lamphar, M Kocifaj
The increase of artificial light at night has a terrible impact on organisms with nightlife patterns such as a migration, nutrition, reproduction and collective interaction. Plants are not free from this issue as they have life cycle events occurring not only yearly but also daily. Such events relate to daytime variations with seasons in which the flowers of deciduous trees bloom and the leaves of certain trees fall off and change color. A response of plants to artificial light at night still remains poorly quantified; but recent scientific research suggest that skyglow can disturb plants processes...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310847/effects-of-long-term-near-term-and-real-time-energy-balance-and-blood-progesterone-concentrations-on-the-pregnancy-rate-of-contemporary-dairy-cows
#6
N A Gomez, A J Conley, P H Robinson
This study aimed to contribute to understanding the interface between reproductive and nutritional energetic physiology in contemporary dairy cattle. Multiparous Holstein cows (n = 32) between 70 and 180 days in milk were used in a study starting 10 d prior to the artificial insemination (AI) date and were estrous synchronized using a hormonal regimen. Fourteen cows were determined pregnant on day 39 post-AI. Coccygeal blood samples of all cows were collected on d -10 and -3 prior to AI to determine estrous cyclicity, as well as at AI and at 6, 13 and 20 d post-AI...
January 4, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302553/breastfeeding-practice-and-knowledge-among-women-attending-primary-health-care-centers-in-riyadh-2016
#7
Norah Faleh Al-Mutairi, Yousef Abdullah Al-Omran, P J Parameaswari
Introduction: Breast milk is the best natural essential nutrition to newborns and infants. However, the practice of breastfeeding (BF) has declined in Saudi Arabia. Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge and practice of BF with their determinants among mothers in Riyadh. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 252 mothers attending the well-baby clinics in Riyadh from March 2016 to May 2017 were selected randomly with their consent and studied by a standardized questionnaire...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286304/natural-nanoparticles-a-particular-matter-inspired-by-nature
#8
REVIEW
Sharoon Griffin, Muhammad Irfan Masood, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Muhammad Sarfraz, Azubuike Peter Ebokaiwe, Karl-Herbert Schäfer, Cornelia M Keck, Claus Jacob
During the last couple of decades, the rapidly advancing field of nanotechnology has produced a wide palette of nanomaterials, most of which are considered as "synthetic" and, among the wider public, are often met with a certain suspicion. Despite the technological sophistication behind many of these materials, "nano" does not always equate with "artificial". Indeed, nature itself is an excellent nanotechnologist. It provides us with a range of fine particles, from inorganic ash, soot, sulfur and mineral particles found in the air or in wells, to sulfur and selenium nanoparticles produced by many bacteria and yeasts...
December 29, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283404/key-clinical-factors-predicting-adipokine-and-oxidative-stress-marker-concentrations-among-normal-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-using-artificial-neural-networks
#9
Mario Solis-Paredes, Guadalupe Estrada-Gutierrez, Otilia Perichart-Perera, Araceli Montoya-Estrada, Mario Guzmán-Huerta, Héctor Borboa-Olivares, Eyerahi Bravo-Flores, Arturo Cardona-Pérez, Veronica Zaga-Clavellina, Ethel Garcia-Latorre, Gabriela Gonzalez-Perez, José Alfredo Hernández-Pérez, Claudine Irles
Maternal obesity has been related to adverse neonatal outcomes and fetal programming. Oxidative stress and adipokines are potential biomarkers in such pregnancies; thus, the measurement of these molecules has been considered critical. Therefore, we developed artificial neural network (ANN) models based on maternal weight status and clinical data to predict reliable maternal blood concentrations of these biomarkers at the end of pregnancy. Adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, and resistin), and DNA, lipid and protein oxidative markers (8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine, malondialdehyde and carbonylated proteins, respectively) were assessed in blood of normal weight, overweight and obese women in the third trimester of pregnancy...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280669/-home-and-ambulatory-artificial-nutrition-nadya-group-report-home-parenteral-nutrition-in-spain-2016
#10
Carmina Wanden-Berghe Lozano, Nuria Virgili Casas, Esther Ramos Boluda, Cristina Cuerda Compés, José Manuel Moreno Villares, José Luis Pereira Cunill, Carmen Gómez Candela, Rosa Burgos Peláez, Mª Ángeles Penacho Lázaro, Antonio Pérez de la Cruz, Julia Álvarez Hernández, Montserrat Gonzalo Marín, Pilar Matía Martín, Ceferino Martínez Faedo, Eva Ángeles Sánchez Martos, Alejandro Sanz Paris, Cristina Campos Martín, Tomás Martín Folgueras, M Ángela Martín Palmero, María de Los Ángeles Martín Fontalba, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Ana Zugasti Murillo, María José Martínez Ramírez, Fátima Carabaña Pérez, Cecilia Martínez Costa, Patricia Díaz Guardiola, Cristina Tejera Pérez, Rosa Mª Parés Marimón, José Antonio Irles Rocamora, Carmen Garde Orbaiz, Miguel Ángel Ponce González, María Victoria García Zafra, Rebeca Sánchez Sánchez, Juan Ramón Urgeles Planella, Antxón Apezetxea Celaya, Olga Sánchez-Vilar Burdiel, Clara Joaquín Ortiz, José Pablo Suárez Llanos, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Pere Leyes García, Mª Carmen Gil Martínez, Silvia Mauri Roca, María José Carrera Santaliestra
OBJECTIVE: To communicate HPN data obtained from the HPN registry of the NADYA-SENPE group (www.nadya-senpe.com) for the year 2016. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive analysis of the data collected from adult and pediatric patients with HPN in the NADYA-SENPE group registry from January 1st, 2016 to December 31st, 2016. RESULTS: There were 286 patients from 42 Spanish hospitals (54.2% women), 34 children and 252 adults, with 294 episodes, which represent a prevalence rate of 6...
November 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274610/spatial-and-temporal-variations-in-the-relationship-between-lake-water-surface-temperatures-and-water-quality-a-case-study-of-dianchi-lake
#11
Kun Yang, Zhenyu Yu, Yi Luo, Yang Yang, Lei Zhao, Xiaolu Zhou
Global warming and rapid urbanization in China have caused a series of ecological problems. One consequence has involved the degradation of lake water environments. Lake surface water temperatures (LSWTs) significantly shape water ecological environments and are highly correlated with the watershed ecosystem features and biodiversity levels. Analysing and predicting spatiotemporal changes in LSWT and exploring the corresponding impacts on water quality is essential for controlling and improving the ecological water environment of watersheds...
December 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273466/the-impact-of-replacing-sugar-by-artificially-sweetened-beverages-on-brain-and-behavioral-responses-to-food-viewing-an-exploratory-study
#12
Camille Crézé, Marie-Laure Notter-Bielser, Jean-François Knebel, Vanessa Campos, Luc Tappy, Micah Murray, Ulrike Toepel
Several studies indicate that the outcome of nutritional and lifestyle interventions can be linked to brain 'signatures' in terms of neural reactivity to food cues. However, 'dieting' is often considered in a rather broad sense, and no study so far investigated modulations in brain responses to food cues occurring over an intervention specifically aiming to reduce sugar intake. We studied neural activity and liking in response to visual food cues in 14 intensive consumers of sugar-sweetened beverages before and after a 3-month replacement period by artificially-sweetened equivalents...
December 19, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249923/an-exploration-of-socio-economic-and-food-characteristics-of-high-trans-fatty-acid-consumers-in-the-dutch-and-uk-national-surveys-after-voluntary-product-reformulation
#13
H L Rippin, J Hutchinson, M Ocke, J Jewell, J J Breda, J E Cade
Trans fatty acids (TFA) increase the risk of mortality and chronic diseases. TFA intakes have fallen since reformulation, but may still be high in certain, vulnerable, groups. This paper investigates socio-economic and food consumption characteristics of high TFA consumers after voluntary reformulation in the Netherlands and UK. Post-reformulation data of adults aged 19-64 was analysed in two national surveys: the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS) collected 2007-2010 using 2*24hr recalls (N = 1933) and the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) years 3&4 collected 2010/11 and 2011/12 using 4-day food diaries (N = 848)...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233514/terms-concepts-and-definitions-in-clinical-artificial-nutrition-the-cont-seen-project
#14
María Dolores Del Olmo García, Julia Ocón Bretón, Julia Álvarez Hernández, María Dolores Ballesteros Pomar, Francisco Botella Romero, Irene Bretón Lesmes, Daniel de Luis Román, Luis Miguel Luengo Pérez, Miguel Ángel Martínez Olmos, Gabriel Olveira Fuster
BACKGROUND: Imprecision in terms used in the field of clinical nutrition may lead to misinterpretations among professionals. OBJECTIVE: For this reason, the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (SEEN) promoted this document on the terms and definitions used in clinical artificial nutrition (enteral and parenteral), establishing an agreement between Spanish experts of this specialty. METHODS: Forty-seven specialists in endocrinology and nutrition, members of the Nutrition Area of the SEEN, participated between April and September 2016...
December 7, 2017: Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224577/long-term-implications-of-feed-energy-source-in-different-genetic-types-of-reproductive-rabbit-females-ii-immunologic-status
#15
M Penadés, A Arnau-Bonachera, A García-Quirós, D Viana, L Selva, J M Corpa, J J Pascual
Genetic selection and nutrition management have played a central role in the development of commercial rabbitry industry over the last few decades, being able to affect productive and immunological traits of the animals. However, the implication of different energy sources in animals from diverse genetic lines achieving such evolutionary success remains still unknown. Therefore, in this work, 203 female rabbits housed and bred in the same conditions were used from their first artificial insemination until their fifth weaning...
December 11, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221846/prevailing-ethical-dilemmas-encountered-by-physicians-in-terminal-cancer-care-changed-after-the-enactment-of-the-natural-death-act-fifteen-years-follow-up-survey
#16
Hsien-Liang Huang, Chien-An Yao, Wen-Yu Hu, Shao-Yi Cheng, Shinn-Jang Huang, Chih-Dao Chen, Wen-Yuan Lin, Yen-Chun Lin, Tai-Yuan Chiu
CONTEXT: Advance directive laws have influences on ethical dilemmas encountered by physicians caring for terminal cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevailing ethical dilemmas among terminal care physicians fifteen years after the Natural Death Act was enacted in Taiwan. METHODS: This study is a cross-sectional survey from April 2014 to February 2015 using the clustering sampling method and a well-structured questionnaire. Targeted participants included physicians at oncology and related wards or palliative care units where terminal cancer care may be provided in Taiwan...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216422/distinguishing-petroleum-crude-oil-and-fuel-from-smoke-exposure-within-populations-based-on-the-relative-blood-levels-of-benzene-toluene-ethylbenzene-and-xylenes-btex-styrene-and-2-5-dimethylfuran-by-pattern-recognition-using-artificial-neural-networks
#17
David Michael Chambers, Christopher Mark Reese, Lydia Grace Thornburg, Eduardo Sanchez, Jessica Patricia Rafson, Benjamin C Blount, John Russell Erskine Ruhl, Victor Raul De Jesus
Studies of exposure to petroleum (crude oil/fuel) often involve monitoring benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes (BTEX) and styrene (BTEXS) because of their toxicity and gas-phase prevalence, where exposure is typically by inhalation. However, BTEXS levels in the general U.S. population are primarily from exposure to tobacco smoke, where smokers have blood levels on average up to eight times higher than nonsmokers. This work describes a method using partition theory and artificial neural network (ANN) pattern recognition to classify exposure source based on relative BTEXS and 2,5-dimethylfuran blood levels...
December 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214044/milk-yield-and-kit-development-of-four-breeds-of-rabbit-in-ibadan-nigeria
#18
Olatunji Abubakar Jimoh, Emmanuel Olabisi Ewuola
Background: Rabbit breeding with high performance imported ones would be of benefit for genetic diversity and improvement of performance in domestic rabbit breeds. The rearing of more productive rabbit breeds could be pathway to improve the productivity and reduce the production cost. Maternal nutritional status exert a great influence on reproductive functions of does, which may expand from conception, through gestation and parturition and development of kits to puberty. Methods: Four breeds of rabbit were evaluated for their parturition, weaning and pubertal differences among the rabbit population in Ibadan, Nigeria...
2017: Journal of Animal Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191721/changes-in-the-use-of-intensive-and-supportive-procedures-for-patients-with-stroke-in-taiwan-in-the-last-month-of-life-between-2000-and-2010
#19
Pei-Yi Wang, Yen-Ni Hung, Robert Smith, Chia-Chin Lin
CONTEXT: Stroke is the second leading cause of death and the primary cause of disability worldwide. It is uncertain what care patients with stroke receive in their end of life care and what trends in care are in recent years. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the changes in the use of intensive and supportive procedures received by Taiwanese stroke patients in their last month of life during 2000-2010. METHODS: Analysis of claims data of 55,930 patients with stroke obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database were performed to investigate the changes in the use of intensive and supportive procedures for Taiwanese stroke patients in their last month of life during 2000-2010...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178502/survival-times-with-and-without-tube-feeding-in-patients-with-dementia-or-psychiatric-diseases-in-japan
#20
Keiko Takayama, Keisuke Hirayama, Akihiko Hirao, Keiko Kondo, Hideki Hayashi, Koichi Kadota, Hiroyuki Asaba, Hideki Ishizu, Kenji Nakata, Kairi Kurisu, Etsuko Oshima, Osamu Yokota, Norihito Yamada, Seishi Terada
BACKGROUND: It is widely supposed that there has been no evidence of increased survival in patients with advanced dementia receiving enteral tube feeding. However, more than a few studies have reported no harmful outcome from tube feeding in dementia patients compared to in patients without dementia. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. Nine psychiatric hospitals in Okayama Prefecture participated in this survey. All inpatients fulfilling the entry criteria were evaluated...
November 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
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