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nutritional status pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081146/maternal-nutrition-during-pregnancy-affects-testicular-and-bone-development-glucose-metabolism-and-response-to-overnutrition-in-weaned-horses-up-to-two-years
#1
Morgane Robles, Camille Gautier, Luis Mendoza, Pauline Peugnet, Cédric Dubois, Michèle Dahirel, Jean-Philippe Lejeune, Isabelle Caudron, Isabelle Guenon, Sylvaine Camous, Anne Tarrade, Laurence Wimel, Didier Serteyn, Hélène Bouraima-Lelong, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant mares and post-weaning foals are often fed concentrates rich in soluble carbohydrates, together with forage. Recent studies suggest that the use of concentrates is linked to alterations of metabolism and the development of osteochondrosis in foals. The aim of this study was to determine if broodmare diet during gestation affects metabolism, osteoarticular status and growth of yearlings overfed from 20 to 24 months of age and/or sexual maturity in prepubertal colts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072825/dietary-chromium-restriction-of-pregnant-mice-changes-the-methylation-status-of-hepatic-genes-involved-with-insulin-signaling-in-adult-male-offspring
#2
Qian Zhang, Xiaofang Sun, Xinhua Xiao, Jia Zheng, Ming Li, Miao Yu, Fan Ping, Zhixin Wang, Cuijuan Qi, Tong Wang, Xiaojing Wang
Maternal undernutrition is linked with an elevated risk of diabetes mellitus in offspring regardless of the postnatal dietary status. This is also found in maternal micro-nutrition deficiency, especial chromium which is a key glucose regulator. We investigated whether maternal chromium restriction contributes to the development of diabetes in offspring by affecting DNA methylation status in liver tissue. After being mated with control males, female weanling 8-week-old C57BL mice were fed a control diet (CON, 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068675/nutrition-habits-and-health-outcomes-of-breastfeeding-hiv-positive-mothers-in-the-dschang-health-district-west-region-cameroon
#3
Martin Sanou Sobze, Tsi Kien-Atsu, Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Jimmy Roger Fotso, Armand TiotsiaTsapi, Yannick Azeufack Ngueko, Sali Ben Bechir, Augusto Pana, Lucia Ercoli, Vittorio Colizzi, Gianluca Russo
BACKGROUND: Amongst the different at-risk periods for mother-to-child HIV transmission that is, during pregnancy, labor and delivery and breastfeeding, much care and attention needs to be given, not only to the child as concerns its feeding options, but also to the mother. The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional habits and health outcomes of HIV-positive breastfeeding mothers in the Dschang Health District, in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) activities...
September 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058102/prevalence-demographic-characteristics-and-associated-risk-factors-of-malnutrition-among-0-5-aged-children-a-cross-sectional-study-from-van-eastern-turkey
#4
Baran Serdar Kizilyildiz, Bülent Sönmez, Kamuran Karaman, Burhan Beger, Adnan Mercen, Süleyman Alioglu, Yasar Cesur
Malnutrition in childhood is a dramatic indicator of poor socio-economical status worldwide. To recognize and reveal the socio-demographic features is crucial, especially for developing countries. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence and association with sociodemographic variables of malnutrition in 0-5 years old children in Van, Turkey. A total of 702 children are included in this cross-sectional study. Demographic features of subject including age, gender, family characteristics and other data were obtained...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057110/-the-status-of-postpartum-weight-retention-and-its-associated-factors-among-chinese-lactating-women-in-2013
#5
J Wang, Z Y Yang, X H Pang, Y F Duan, S Jiang, L Y Zhao, S A Yin, J Q Lai
Objective: To analyze the status of postpartum weight retention and its associated factors among Chinese lactating women in 2013. Methods: This study was based on the databank of Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2013. Using the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, we enrolled 12 514 women, at 0-24 months postpartum, from 55 sites in 30 provinces of China (excluding the Tibet Autonomous Region). Questionnaires were used to collect data on basic characteristics, physical activity, lifestyle, food intake, pre-pregnancy weight, weight before delivery, disease history during pregnancy, delivery date, delivery mode, parity and breastfeeding information...
December 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056945/a-mixed-methods-study-to-assess-the-effectiveness-of-food-based-interventions-to-prevent-stunting-among-children-under-five-years-in-districts-thatta-and-sujawal-sindh-province-pakistan-study-protocol
#6
Sumra Kureishy, Gul Nawaz Khan, Shabina Arrif, Khizar Ashraf, Angela Cespedes, Muhammad Atif Habib, Imtiaz Hussain, Asmat Ullah, Ali Turab, Imran Ahmed, Shehla Zaidi, Sajid Bashir Soofi
BACKGROUND: Maternal and child malnutrition is widely prevalent in low and middle income countries. In Pakistan, widespread food insecurity and malnutrition are the main contributors to poor health, low survival rates and the loss of human capital development. The nutritional status trends among children exhibit a continuous deteriorating with rates of malnutrition exceeding the WHO critical threshold. With the high prevalence of maternal and child malnutrition, it is important to identify effective preventative approaches, especially for reducing stunting in children under-five years of age...
January 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042413/association-between-nutritional-status-with-spontaneous-abortion
#7
Rahimeh Ahmadi, Saeideh Ziaei, Sosan Parsay
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous abortion is the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. We aimed to investigate a possible link between nutrient deficiencies and the risk of spontaneous abortion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study included the case group (n=331) experiencing a spontaneous abortion before 14 weeks of pregnancy and the control group (n=331) who were healthy pregnant women over 14 weeks of pregnancy. The participants filled out Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), in which they reported their frequency of consumption for a given serving of each food item during the past three months, on a daily, weekly or monthly basis...
January 2017: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031055/the-returns-of-family-planning-macro-level-assessment-of-the-effect-of-contraceptive-use-on-women-s-anaemia-and-childhood-undernutrition
#8
Md Juel Rana, Srinivas Goli
This study investigated the effect of family planning on the levels of women's anaemia and child undernutrition at the aggregate level using the compiled databases of the World Bank, UNICEF and the Economist Intelligence Unit. Correlation scatter matrix plots and multivariate OLS regression models were employed to assess the effect of family planning on women's anaemia and child nutritional status across countries. At the aggregate level, the bivariate correlation estimates found that the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) was negatively associated with women's anaemia (r=-0...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027638/effects-of-bifidobacterium-animalis-lactis-hn019-dr10tm-inulin-and-micronutrient-fortified-milk-on-faecal-dr10tm-immune-markers-and-maternal-micronutrients-among-indonesian-pregnant-women
#9
Noroyono Wibowo, Saptawati Bardosono, Rima Irwinda
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Maternal nutrition affects fetal growth and development. This study evaluates the effects of milk powder fortified with micronutrients, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a prebiotic, and probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis HN019 DR10TM on the micronutrient status, as well as the presence of faecal probiotic and immune markers in pregnant women. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This randomised, double- blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted at Budi Kemuliaan and Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in Jakarta from 2013 to 2014...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003287/maternal-malaria-and-malnutrition-m3-initiative-a-pooled-birth-cohort-of-13-pregnancy-studies-in-africa-and-the-western-pacific
#10
Holger W Unger, Jordan E Cates, Julie Gutman, Valerie Briand, Nadine Fievet, Innocent Valea, Halidou Tinto, Umberto d'Alessandro, Sarah H Landis, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Kathryn G Dewey, Feiko Ter Kuile, Stephanie Dellicour, Peter Ouma, Laurence Slutsker, Dianne J Terlouw, Simon Kariuki, John Ayisi, Bernard Nahlen, Meghna Desai, Mwayi Madanitsa, Linda Kalilani-Phiri, Per Ashorn, Kenneth Maleta, Ivo Mueller, Danielle Stanisic, Christentze Schmiegelow, John Lusingu, Daniel Westreich, Anna Maria van Eijk, Steven Meshnick, Stephen Rogerson
PURPOSE: The Maternal Malaria and Malnutrition (M3) initiative has pooled together 13 studies with the hope of improving understanding of malaria-nutrition interactions during pregnancy and to foster collaboration between nutritionists and malariologists. PARTICIPANTS: Data were pooled on 14 635 singleton, live birth pregnancies from women who had participated in 1 of 13 pregnancy studies. The 13 studies cover 8 countries in Africa and Papua New Guinea in the Western Pacific conducted from 1996 to 2015...
December 21, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001012/iodine-deficiency-and-nutrition-in-scandinavia
#11
Sofia Manousou, Lisbeth Dahl, Betina H Thuesen, Lena Hulthén, Helena N Filipsson
Iodine nutrition is a result of geological conditions, iodine fortification and monitoring strategies within a country together with the dietary habits of the population. This review summarizes the basis for the current iodine situation in the Scandinavian countries in order to identify gaps in knowledge, determine necessary future steps, highlight landmarks in Scandinavian iodine research and consider ongoing studies in Scandinavian countries with high international impact. Historically, iodine deficiency disorders such as goiter were common in Norway and Sweden, but not in Denmark...
December 20, 2016: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974064/diet-quality-and-its-relationship-with-central-obesity-among-mexican-americans-findings-from-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-nhanes-1999-2012
#12
Yilin Yoshida, Richard Scribner, Liwei Chen, Stephanie Broyles, Stephen Phillippi, Tung-Sung Tseng
OBJECTIVE: Using the Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010), the present study aimed to examine diet quality and the impact of overall diet quality and its components on central obesity among Mexican-American men and women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from NHANES 1999-2012 were used. The HEI-2010 data, including twelve components for a total score of 100, were collected with a 24 h recall interview. Central obesity was defined as a waist circumference of ≥88 cm for women and ≥102 cm for men...
December 15, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956844/helminth-infection-during-pregnancy-insights-from-evolutionary-ecology
#13
REVIEW
Aaron D Blackwell
Helminths are parasitic nematodes and trematodes, grouped together because of morphological similarities and commonalities in the effects infections have on hosts. These include complications such as anemia and biasing of immune responses, which can alter susceptibility for other diseases. For pregnant women, these complications might have implications for pregnancy outcomes or neonatal health. Here, I review studies of helminth infections during pregnancy, and ask the following questions: Do helminths affect maternal health or pregnancy outcomes? Are there consequences of maternal infection for infants? What are the effects of antihelminth treatment during pregnancy? The evidence suggests that the answers to these questions depend on the particular helminth species in question, maternal nutritional status, and the presence or absence of comorbid infection with other species, such as malaria...
2016: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940699/mechanistic-pathways-from-early-gestation-through-infancy-and-neurodevelopment
#14
Sangshin Park, David C Bellinger, Meredith Adamo, Brady Bennett, Nam-Kyong Choi, Palmera I Baltazar, Edna B Ayaso, Donna Bella S Monterde, Veronica Tallo, Remigio M Olveda, Luz P Acosta, Jonathan D Kurtis, Jennifer F Friedman
OBJECTIVE: To identify pathways through which pre- and postnatal factors directly or indirectly affect infant neurodevelopment at 12 months of age among Filipino infants. METHODS: The Bayley Scales of Infant Development, third edition was used to assess the development of 314 infants of mothers enrolled in a trial examining the safety and efficacy of praziquantel during pregnancy. Maternal covariates included socioeconomic status, iron and nutritional status, cognitive performance, and alcohol intake...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916904/impact-of-pre-pregnancy-bmi-on-b-vitamin-and-inflammatory-status-in-early-pregnancy-an-observational-cohort-study
#15
Anne-Lise Bjørke-Monsen, Arve Ulvik, Roy M Nilsen, Øivind Midttun, Christine Roth, Per Magnus, Camilla Stoltenberg, Stein Emil Vollset, Ted Reichborn-Kjennerud, Per Magne Ueland
Maternal nutrition and inflammation have been suggested as mediators in the development of various adverse pregnancy outcomes associated with maternal obesity. We have investigated the relation between pre-pregnancy BMI, B vitamin status, and inflammatory markers in a group of healthy pregnant women. Cobalamin, folate, pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, and riboflavin; and the metabolic markers homocysteine, methylmalonic acid, and 3-hydroxykynurenine/xanthurenic acid ratio (HK/XA); and markers of cellular inflammation, neopterin and kynurenine/tryptophan ratio (KTR) were determined in pregnancy week 18 and related to pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), in 2797 women from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa)...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916873/the-effect-of-low-dose-iron-and-zinc-intake-on-child-micronutrient-status-and-development-during-the-first-1000-days-of-life-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Nicolai Petry, Ibironke Olofin, Erick Boy, Moira Donahue Angel, Fabian Rohner
Adequate supply of micronutrients during the first 1000 days is essential for normal development and healthy life. We aimed to investigate if interventions administering dietary doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) of iron and zinc within the window from conception to age 2 years have the potential to influence nutritional status and development of children. To address this objective, a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized and quasi-randomized fortification, biofortification, and supplementation trials in women (pregnant and lactating) and children (6-23 months) delivering iron or zinc in doses up to the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) levels was conducted...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916501/association-between-iron-level-glucose-impairment-and-increased-dna-damage-during-pregnancy
#17
Salam Zein, Samar Rachidi, Nadine Shami, Iman Sharara, Khawla Cheikh-Ali, Anne-Sophie Gauchez, Jean-Marc Moulis, Jean-Marc Ayoubi, Pascale Salameh, Isabelle Hininger-Favier
: Elevated circulating ferritin has been reported to increase the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). When high ferritin translates into high iron stores, iron excess is also a condition leading to free radical damage. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between oxidative stress (OS) induced by iron status and GDM risk in non iron-supplemented pregnant women. METHODS: This was a pilot observational study conducted on 93 non-anemic pregnant women. Iron status was assessed at the first trimester of gestation...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906710/who-s-your-daddy-paternal-inheritance-of-metabolic-disease-risk
#18
Elvira Isganaitis, Harumi Suehiro, Connie Cardona
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although the importance of optimizing mothers' health prior to conception and during pregnancy is now well accepted, recent data also implicate health and nutritional status of fathers as contributors to chronic disease risk in their progeny. This brief review will highlight recent epidemiological and experimental studies linking paternal overnutrition, undernutrition, and other forms of stress, to metabolic disease in the offspring. RECENT FINDINGS: The past 2 years have brought tremendous insights into the mechanisms by which paternal exposures can contribute to disease susceptibility in the next generation...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888593/a-comparative-study-on-dietary-style-and-physical-activity-of-women-with-and-without-gestational-diabetes
#19
Fatereh Momeni Javid, Masoumeh Simbar, Mahrokh Dolatian, Hamid Alavi Majd, Zohre Mahmoodi
Gestational diabetes increases the risks for mother and fetus during pregnancy. As a principle of caring for diabetes, recommending patients to lose weight through more physical activities and a restrictive diet has a long history. The present study was carried out aiming at determining and comparing dietary style and physical activity in women with gestational diabetes and healthy pregnant women. This descriptive-comparative study was carried out simultaneously on 200 pregnant women (with gestational diabetes and healthy)...
October 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864405/prenatal-exposure-to-mercury-and-neuropsychological-development-in-young-children-the-role-of-fish-consumption
#20
Sabrina Llop, Ferran Ballester, Mario Murcia, Joan Forns, Adonina Tardon, Ainara Andiarena, Jesús Vioque, Jesús Ibarluzea, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Jordi Sunyer, Jordi Julvez, Marisa Rebagliato, Maria-Jose Lopez-Espinosa
BACKGROUND: Vulnerability of the central nervous system to mercury exposure is increased during early development. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between prenatal exposure to mercury and child neuropsychological development in high-fish-intake areas in Spain. METHODS: Study subjects were 1362 children, participants in the INMA (Environment and Childhood) birth cohort study. Cord blood total mercury (CB-Hg) and cord polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentrations were analysed in samples collected between 2004 and 2008...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Epidemiology
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