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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334704/-status-and-related-factors-for-gestational-weight-gain-of-chinese-pregnant-women-during-2010-2012
#2
Y Bi, Y F Duan, J Wang, S Jiang, X H Pang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To examine the status and related factors for gestational weight gain of Chinese pregnant women at different trimesters in 2010-2012. Methods: Participants were from Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance in 2010-2012. Using a multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method, we recruited 2 805 singleton pregnant women with gestational age 13 weeks or more from 31 provinces of China. A standard questionnaire was used to collect general information and pre-pregnancy weight; body weight and height of pregnant women were measured using a unified weighing scale and stadiometer, dietary intake during the previous year was collected using a food frequency questionnaire...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334703/-the-influencing-factors-of-anemia-for-pregnant-women-between-2010-2012-in-china
#3
S Jiang, X H Pang, Y F Duan, Y Bi, J Wang, S A Yin, L C Yang, Z Y Yang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of anemia and related risk factors for pregnant women in China. Method: Based on Chinese National Nutrition and Health Surveillance 2010-2012, a total of 3 501 pregnant women were investigated from 150 counties of 31 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions in China, using a multi-stage stratified cluster randomization sampling method. General information of pregnant women, health status, and food intake during the gestation, was collected through a questionnaire investigation...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325892/added-sugar-intake-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2003-2012
#4
Catherine E Cioffi, Janet Figueroa, Jean A Welsh
BACKGROUND: Despite associations of dietary added sugar with excess weight gain and chronic disease risk, intake among most Americans exceeds the recommended limits (<10% total energy). Maternal diet plays an important role in pregnancy-related outcomes, but little is known about the extent of added sugar intake during pregnancy. OBJECTIVE: To assess intake and identify the top sources of added sugars in the diets of pregnant vs nonpregnant women in the United States...
January 9, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324977/maternal-metabolic-immune-and-microbial-systems-in-late-pregnancy-vary-with-malnutrition-in-mice
#5
Kristin L Connor, Christel Chehoud, Adam Altrichter, Luisa Chan, Todd Z DeSantis, Stephen J Lye
Malnutrition is a global threat to pregnancy health and impacts offspring development. Establishing an optimal pregnancy environment requires the coordination of maternal metabolic and immune pathways, which converge at the gut. Diet, metabolic and immune dysfunctions have been associated with gut dysbiosis in the non-pregnant individual. In pregnancy, these states are associated with poor pregnancy outcomes and offspring development. However, the impact of malnutrition on maternal gut microbes, and their relationships with maternal metabolic and immune status, has been largely underexplored...
January 9, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321918/reproductive-management-in-dairy-cows-the-future
#6
REVIEW
Mark A Crowe, Miel Hostens, Geert Opsomer
Background: Drivers of change in dairy herd health management include the significant increase in herd/farm size, quota removal (within Europe) and the increase in technologies to aid in dairy cow reproductive management. Main body: There are a number of key areas for improving fertility management these include: i) handling of substantial volumes of data, ii) genetic selection (including improved phenotypes for use in breeding programmes), iii) nutritional management (including transition cow management), iv) control of infectious disease, v) reproductive management (and automated systems to improve reproductive management), vi) ovulation / oestrous synchronisation, vii) rapid diagnostics of reproductive status, and viii) management of male fertility...
2018: Irish Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305749/dna-methylation-variability-in-a-single-locus-of-the-rxr%C3%AE-promoter-from-umbilical-vein-blood-at-term-pregnancy
#7
Diana Chávez-Lizárraga, Paola Zárate-Segura, Jorge Beltrán-Montoya, Carmen Canchola-Sotelo, Felipe Vadillo-Ortega, Erika Chavira-Suárez
DNA methylation status of RXRα gene promoter has been correlated with maternal diet during early pregnancy, and associated with offspring's adiposity and bone mineral content. In adult life, increased methylation of RXRα promoter region is associated with myocardium pathologies. Early growth response proteins (EGR) are zinc finger transcription factors associated with several cellular pathways such as inflammation, apoptosis, and cardiopathies. DNA-binding sequences of EGR proteins have been reported in the RXRα gene promoter using chromatin immunoprecipitation methods...
January 6, 2018: Biochemical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299736/the-impact-of-probiotic-supplementation-during-pregnancy-on-dna-methylation-of-obesity-related-genes-in-mothers-and-their-children
#8
Sanna Vähämiko, Asta Laiho, Riikka Lund, Erika Isolauri, Seppo Salminen, Kirsi Laitinen
PURPOSE: Dietary supplementation with probiotics during pregnancy has been suggested to decrease the risk for obesity in women after delivery and to minimize excessive weight gain in their children. Epigenetic DNA methylation has been proposed to impact on gene activity, thereby providing a plausible molecular mechanism for a broad range of biological processes and diseases. This pilot study aimed to evaluate whether probiotic supplementation during pregnancy could modify the DNA methylation status of the promoters of obesity and weight gain-related genes in mothers and their children...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295551/animal-based-measures-to-assess-the-welfare-of-extensively-managed-ewes
#9
Carolina Munoz, Angus Campbell, Paul Hemsworth, Rebecca Doyle
The reliability and feasibility of 10 animal-based measures of ewe welfare were examined for use in extensive sheep production systems. Measures were: Body condition score (BCS), rumen fill, fleece cleanliness, fleece condition, skin lesions, tail length, dag score, foot-wall integrity, hoof overgrowth and lameness, and all were examined on 100 Merino ewes (aged 2-4 years) during mid-pregnancy, mid-lactation and weaning by a pool of nine trained observers. The measures of BCS, fleece condition, skin lesions, tail length, dag score and lameness were deemed to be reliable and feasible...
December 24, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294576/-study-on-the-risk-of-mortality-and-associated-factors-among-hiv-exposed-children-in-henan-province-2002-2014
#10
Q Wang, N Ma, H Si, Y M Ma, N Li, Y G Nie, D Y Sun, Z Wang
Objective: To investigate the status of survival and related risk factors among HIV-exposed children in Henan province from 2002 to 2014. Methods: A follow-up program was set up when infants as 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 month olds. Data regarding the HIV-exposed children and their mothers were collected, including service of PMTCT, antiviral therapy, incidence of infectious disease and survival status of infants. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to explore the risk factors. Results: A total number of 1 705 HIV-infected infants were reported from 2002 to 2014...
December 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287191/a-compromised-maternal-vitamin-d-status-is-associated-with-congenital-heart-defects-in-offspring
#11
M P H Koster, L van Duijn, Y H M Krul-Poel, J S Laven, W A Helbing, S Simsek, R P M Steegers-Theunissen
BACKGROUND: Interactions between genetic and environmental factors, including modifiable maternal nutrition and lifestyle, play a significant role in the pathogenesis of most congenital heart defects (CHD). The aim of this study was to investigate associations between periconceptional maternal vitamin D status and the prevalence of CHD in offspring. METHODS: A case-control study was performed in 345 mothers of a child with CHD and 432 mothers of a child without CHD from four tertiary hospitals in the Netherlands between 2003 and 2005...
December 26, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283404/key-clinical-factors-predicting-adipokine-and-oxidative-stress-marker-concentrations-among-normal-overweight-and-obese-pregnant-women-using-artificial-neural-networks
#12
Mario Solis-Paredes, Guadalupe Estrada-Gutierrez, Otilia Perichart-Perera, Araceli Montoya-Estrada, Mario Guzmán-Huerta, Héctor Borboa-Olivares, Eyerahi Bravo-Flores, Arturo Cardona-Pérez, Veronica Zaga-Clavellina, Ethel Garcia-Latorre, Gabriela Gonzalez-Perez, José Alfredo Hernández-Pérez, Claudine Irles
Maternal obesity has been related to adverse neonatal outcomes and fetal programming. Oxidative stress and adipokines are potential biomarkers in such pregnancies; thus, the measurement of these molecules has been considered critical. Therefore, we developed artificial neural network (ANN) models based on maternal weight status and clinical data to predict reliable maternal blood concentrations of these biomarkers at the end of pregnancy. Adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, and resistin), and DNA, lipid and protein oxidative markers (8-oxo-2'-deoxyguanosine, malondialdehyde and carbonylated proteins, respectively) were assessed in blood of normal weight, overweight and obese women in the third trimester of pregnancy...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282704/diet-medication-use-and-drug-intake-during-pregnancy-data-from-the-consecutive-swiss-health-surveys-of-2007-and-2012
#13
Cornelia Bornhauser, Katharina Quack Lötscher, Burkhardt Seifert, Ana Paula Simões-Wüst
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to gain knowledge on the health status of pregnant women in Switzerland, especially their attitude to and decisions about diet, use of medication and consumption of drugs, including alcohol and tobacco. METHODS: Data collected by the consecutive Swiss Health Surveys of 2007 and 2012 on sociodemographic and lifestyle characteristics (including nutrition), type and intake of medication, use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs of the female population were analysed...
December 28, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241667/correlates-of-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-european-adolescents-the-helena-study
#14
P Henriksson, H Henriksson, I Labayen, I Huybrechts, L Gracia-Marco, F B Ortega, V España-Romero, Y Manios, M González-Gross, A Marcos, L A Moreno, Á Gutiérrez, J R Ruiz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The ideal cardiovascular health (iCVH) construct consists of 4 health behaviors (smoking status, body mass index, physical activity and diet) and 3 health factors (total cholesterol, blood pressure and fasting glucose). A greater number of iCVH components in adolescence are related to better cardiovascular health, but little is known about the correlates of iCVH in adolescents. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine correlates of iCVH in European adolescents. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study comprised 637 European adolescents with complete iCVH data...
October 28, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236073/reduced-educational-outcomes-persist-into-adolescence-following-mild-iodine-deficiency-in-utero-despite-adequacy-in-childhood-15-year-follow-up-of-the-gestational-iodine-cohort-investigating-auditory-processing-speed-and-working-memory
#15
Kristen L Hynes, Petr Otahal, John R Burgess, Wendy H Oddy, Ian Hay
There is increasing evidence that even mild gestational iodine deficiency (GID) results in adverse neurocognitive impacts on offspring. It's unclear, however, if these persist long-term and whether they can be ameliorated by iodine sufficiency in childhood. We followed a unique cohort (Gestational Iodine Cohort, n = 266) where gestation occurred during a period of mild population iodine deficiency, with children subsequently growing-up in an iodine replete environment. We investigated whether associations between mild GID and reductions in literacy outcomes, observed at age 9-years, persisted into adolescence...
December 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225661/maternal-nutritional-status-during-pregnancy-and-infant-immune-response-to-routine-childhood-vaccinations
#16
REVIEW
Olayinka Obanewa, Marie-Louise Newell
To systematically review the association between maternal nutritional status in pregnancy and infant immune response to childhood vaccines. We reviewed literature on maternal nutrition during pregnancy, fetal immune system and vaccines and possible relationships. Thereafter, we undertook a systematic review of the literature of maternal nutritional status and infant vaccine response, extracted relevant information, assessed quality of the nine papers identified and present findings in a narrative format. From limited evidence of average quality, intrauterine nutrition deficiency could lead to functional deficit in the infant's immune function; child vaccine response may thus be negatively affected by maternal malnutrition...
September 2017: Future Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222250/iron-deficiency-in-gynecology-and-obstetrics-clinical-implications-and-management
#17
REVIEW
Christian Breymann, Michael Auerbach
Iron deficiency is the commonest cause of anemia during pregnancy; however, its prevalence is highly determined by nutritional and socioeconomic status. Oral iron is the frontline therapy, but is often poorly tolerated. Awareness of the available intravenous formulations is essential for management. Before delivery, risk factors such as multiparity and heavy uterine bleeding increase the prevalence of iron deficiency and should be motivation for early diagnosis and treatment. Neonates born with iron deficiency have a statistically significant increment in both cognitive and behavioral abnormalities that persist after repletion, highlighting the need for heightened awareness of the diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217485/developmental-origins-of-adult-health-and-disease-the-metabolic-role-of-bdnf-from-early-life-to-adulthood
#18
REVIEW
Despina D Briana, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner
Accumulating evidence suggests that the origins of adult disease may occur during fetal life. Thus, the concept of "developmental programming" has been introduced and supported by epidemiological and experimental data. This concept supports the idea that the nutritional and hormonal status during pregnancy could interfere in metabolism control. The mechanisms responsible for this "developmental programming" remain poorly documented. Current research indicates that neurotrophins and particularly brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) may play a crucial role in this process...
December 4, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207894/maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-related-to-iron-supplementation-or-iron-status-a-summary-of-meta-analyses
#19
Sehar Iqbal, Cem Ekmekcioglu
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency is the most abundant nutritional deficiency in the world and is discussed to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The objective of this review was to perform an umbrella summary of meta-analyses to evaluate the effects and associations of iron supplementation or iron status on maternal and birth/neonatal outcomes. METHODS: A literature search was conducted on PubMed and Scopus by two reviewers without temporal restriction. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies evaluating (1) the effects of multimicronutrient compared to iron + folic acid supplementations on maternal and birth/neonatal outcomes (2), the association of dietary iron intake or hemoglobin or ferritin status regarding the risk for maternal (gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)) and birth/neonatal outcomes, and (3) the effects of iron supplementation on pregnancy and birth/neonatal outcomes, were included in this review...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203653/rapid-diagnostic-testing-platform-for-iron-and-vitamin-a-deficiency
#20
Zhengda Lu, Dakota O'Dell, Balaji Srinivasan, Elizabeth Rey, Ruisheng Wang, Sasank Vemulapati, Saurabh Mehta, David Erickson
Micronutrient deficiencies such as those of vitamin A and iron affect a third of the world's population with consequences such as night blindness, higher child mortality, anemia, poor pregnancy outcomes, and reduced work capacity. Many efforts to prevent or treat these deficiencies are hampered by the lack of adequate, accessible, and affordable diagnostic methods that can enable better targeting of interventions. In this work, we demonstrate a rapid diagnostic test and mobile enabled platform for simultaneously quantifying iron (ferritin), vitamin A (retinol-binding protein), and inflammation (C-reactive protein) status...
December 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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