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nutritional status pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772068/risk-factors-associated-with-preterm-delivery-and-low-delivery-weight-among-hiv-exposed-neonates-in-china
#1
Liming Wang, Hongxin Zhao, Weiping Cai, Jie Tao, Qingxia Zhao, Lijun Sun, Qingbo Fan, Athena P Kourtis, Colin Shepard, Fujie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and preterm delivery (PTD) or low delivery weight among pregnant Chinese women with HIV. METHODS: The present retrospective cross-sectional medical chart review enrolled pregnant women with HIV who delivered at five tertiary hospitals in China between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2014. Generalized linear mixed modeling was used to explore PTD (<37 weeks of pregnancy) and low delivery weight (<2500 g) risk factors...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767745/preconception-maternal-iodine-status-is-positively-associated-with-iq-but-not-with-measures-of-executive-function-in-childhood
#2
Sian M Robinson, Sarah R Crozier, Elizabeth A Miles, Catharine R Gale, Philip C Calder, Cyrus Cooper, Hazel M Inskip, Keith M Godfrey
Background: Adverse effects of severe maternal iodine deficiency in pregnancy on fetal brain development are well-established, but the effects of milder deficiency are uncertain. Most studies examine iodine status in pregnancy; less is known about iodine nutrition before conception. Objective: We examined relations between maternal preconception iodine status and offspring cognitive function, within a prospective mother-offspring cohort. Methods: Maternal iodine status was assessed through the use of the ratio of iodine:creatinine concentrations (I/Cr) in spot urine samples [median (IQR) period before conception 3...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764525/development-of-understanding-of-dohad-concepts-in-students-during-undergraduate-health-professional-programs-in-japan-and-new-zealand
#3
M Oyamada, A Lim, R Dixon, C Wall, J Bay
Evidence in support of the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD) hypothesis has reached the level where it can appropriately be used to inform practice. DOHaD informed interventions supporting primary noncommunicable disease risk reduction should target the pre- and periconceptional periods, pregnancy, lactation, childhood and adolescence. Such interventions are dependent on a health workforce (including dietitians, nurses, midwives, doctors, and nutrition teachers), that has a deep understanding of DOHaD concepts...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764405/urinary-iodine-concentration-and-thyroid-volume-of-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-care-in-two-selected-hospitals-in-ashanti-region-ghana-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#4
Daniel Gyamfi, Yaw Amo Wiafe, Kwabena Owusu Danquah, Ernest Adankwah, Gertrude Akua Amissah, Angela Odame
BACKGROUND: Iodine deficiency is a major public health problem affecting people worldwide, particularly pregnant women. Iodine requirements increase substantially during pregnancy making pregnant women vulnerable to iodine deficiency and its disorders such as abortions, stillbirths and pregnancy goitre as well as congenital abnormalities, cretinism and mental retardation in their children. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of iodine deficiency and goitre among pregnant women attending antenatal sessions at two selected hospitals in Ashanti region, Ghana...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756978/comparative-study-of-the-nutritional-status-of-vitamin-a-in-pregnant-women-and-in-women-who-became-pregnant-or-did-not-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass
#5
Sabrina Cruz, Suzana Machado, Suelem Cruz, Sílvia Pereira, Carlos Saboya, Andréa Ramalho
INTRODUCTION: the changes in digestive physiology after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), as well as pregnancy, maximizes the risk of vitamin A deficiency (VAD) and both can result in harm to the mother and child health. OBJECTIVE: to compare the nutritional status of vitamin A among women who became pregnant or did not after RYGB and in pregnant women who did not undergo surgery, and to assess the impact of VAD on the mother and child health. METHODS: this is a cross-sectional study of the analytical type...
January 18, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750366/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-maternal-choline-supplementation-in-heavy-drinking-pregnant-women-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Sandra W Jacobson, R Colin Carter, Christopher D Molteno, Ernesta M Meintjes, Marjanne Senekal, Nadine M Lindinger, Neil C Dodge, Steven H Zeisel, Christopher P Duggan, Joseph L Jacobson
BACKGROUND: Choline, an essential nutrient, serves as a methyl-group donor for DNA methylation and is a constituent of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine and a precursor to major components of cell membranes. Findings from animal studies suggest that choline supplementation during pregnancy may mitigate adverse effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on growth and neurocognitive function. We conducted a randomized, double-blind exploratory trial to examine feasibility and acceptability of a choline supplementation intervention during pregnancy...
May 11, 2018: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742136/impact-on-birth-weight-and-child-growth-of-participatory-learning-and-action-women-s-groups-with-and-without-transfers-of-food-or-cash-during-pregnancy-findings-of-the-low-birth-weight-south-asia-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-lbwsat-in-nepal
#7
Naomi M Saville, Bhim P Shrestha, Sarah Style, Helen Harris-Fry, B James Beard, Aman Sen, Sonali Jha, Anjana Rai, Vikas Paudel, Raghbendra Sah, Puskar Paudel, Andrew Copas, Bishnu Bhandari, Rishi Neupane, Joanna Morrison, Lu Gram, Anni-Maria Pulkki-Brännström, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Machhindra Basnet, Saskia de Pee, Andrew Hall, Jayne Harthan, Meelan Thondoo, Sonja Klingberg, Janice Messick, Dharma S Manandhar, David Osrin, Anthony Costello
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition during pregnancy leads to low birthweight, poor growth and inter-generational undernutrition. We did a non-blinded cluster-randomised controlled trial in the plains districts of Dhanusha and Mahottari, Nepal to assess the impact on birthweight and weight-for-age z-scores among children aged 0-16 months of community-based participatory learning and action (PLA) women's groups, with and without food or cash transfers to pregnant women. METHODS: We randomly allocated 20 clusters per arm to four arms (average population/cluster = 6150)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740395/maternal-diet-metabolic-state-and-inflammatory-response-exert-unique-and-long-lasting-influences-on-offspring-behavior-in-non-human-primates
#8
Jacqueline R Thompson, Hanna C Gustafsson, Madison DeCapo, Diana L Takahashi, Jennifer L Bagley, Tyler A Dean, Paul Kievit, Damien A Fair, Elinor L Sullivan
Nutritional status influences brain health and gestational exposure to metabolic disorders (e.g. obesity and diabetes) increases the risk of neuropsychiatric disorders. The aim of the present study was to further investigate the role of maternal Western-style diet (WSD), metabolic state, and inflammatory factors in the programming of Japanese macaque offspring behavior. Utilizing structural equation modeling, we investigated the relationships between maternal diet, prepregnancy adiposity, third trimester insulin response, and plasma cytokine levels on 11-month-old offspring behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725693/maternal-mortality-marital-status-and-bone-mineral-density-in-young-women-from-the-coimbra-identified-skeletal-collection
#9
Francisco Curate, Ana Tavares
In contemporary populations, pregnancy and lactation are usually followed by transient bone loss. The observation of reduced bone mass in young females from archaeological sites has sometimes been interpreted as an outcome of reproductive stress. In order to evaluate the overall effect of reproductive dynamics on bone mass in a historical skeletal sample, bone mineral density (BMD) at the proximal femur was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry in 78 young women (17-39 years) from the Coimbra Identified Skeletal Collection...
May 3, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704906/contemporary-challenges-to-iodine-status-and-nutrition-the-role-of-foods-dietary-recommendations-fortification-and-supplementation
#10
M Bouga, M E J Lean, E Combet
Iodine deficiency (ID) in women of childbearing age remains a global public health concern, mainly through its impact on fetal and infant neurodevelopment. While iodine status is improving globally, ID is still prevalent in pregnancy, when requirements increase. More than 120 countries have implemented salt iodisation and food fortification, strategies that have been partially successful. Supplementation during pregnancy is recommended in some countries and supported by the WHO when mandatory salt iodisation is not present...
April 29, 2018: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701266/sex-specific-alterations-in-serology-and-the-expression-of-liver-fatp4-protein-in-offspring-exposed-to-high-fat-diet-during-pregnancy-and-or-lactation
#11
Mingqiu Zhao, Yi Li, Huihui Yao, Lihua Dou, Shuya Zhang, Qihong Zhao, Li Li
Changes in dietary composition will have a significant impact on the nutritional status of the mother and the offspring. To examine the relevant hormone level changes during lactation and the expression of fatty acid transporters in the placenta and liver under the condition of a high-fat (HF) diet, we established HF animal models and conducted a cross-fostering program to mimic the shift in diet. On gestation day (GD)18, the weight of placenta in the HF group was significantly higher than that in the control group (p < 0...
March 2018: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696034/review-of-iodine-nutrition-in-iranian-population-in-the-past-quarter-of-century
#12
REVIEW
Hossein Delshad, Fereidoun Azizi
Context: Iodine deficiency is one of the most important health problems worldwide. The overall aim of this study was a narrative review of the past and present status of iodine nutrition in the Iranian population to gather and provide valuable background data in this field for future studies. Evidence Acquisition: For this narrative literature review study, published internal (SID, Iran doc, Iran medex) and international (Web of knowledge, Pubmed, SCOPUS) source studies were searched using the following medical subject heading terms: Iodine, IDD (iodine deficiency disorders), UIC (urinary iodine concentration), Goiter, IQ (intelligence quotient), thyroid hormone, Iodine and pregnancy, Iodine and breast feeding, as well as Iodized salt, reporting the prevalence of iodine deficiency and iodine nutrition status of different target populations in Iran over 25 years, between 1988 - 2014, were assessed...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679395/placental-adaptations-to-micronutrient-dysregulation-in-the-programming-of-chronic-disease
#13
Pierre Hofstee, Daniel McKeating, Anthony V Perkins, James S M Cuffe
Poor nutrition during pregnancy is known to impair foetal development and increase the risk of chronic disease in offspring. Both macronutrients and micronutrients are required for a healthy pregnancy although significantly less is understood about the role of micronutrients in the programming of chronic disease. This is despite the fact that modern calorie rich diets are often also deficient in key micronutrients. The importance of micronutrients in gestational disorders is clearly understood but how they impact long term disease in humans requires further investigation...
April 21, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677112/iodine-deficiency-in-a-study-population-of-norwegian-pregnant-women-results-from-the-little-in-norway-study-lin
#14
Lisbeth Dahl, Maria Wik Markhus, Perla Vanessa Roldan Sanchez, Vibeke Moe, Lars Smith, Helle Margrete Meltzer, Marian Kjellevold
Iodine sufficiency is particularly important in pregnancy, where median urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in the range of 150⁻250 &micro;g/L indicates adequate iodine status. The aims of this study were to determine UIC and assess if dietary and maternal characteristics influence the iodine status in pregnant Norwegian women. The study comprises a cross-sectional population-based prospective cohort of pregnant women (Little in Norway (LiN)). Median UIC in 954 urine samples was 85 &micro;g/L and 78...
April 20, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675077/a-tale-of-treatable-infantile-neuroregression-and-diagnostic-dilemma-with-glutaric-aciduria-type-i
#15
Sangeetha Yoganathan, Mugil Varman, Samuel Philip Oommen, Maya Thomas
Nutritional deficiencies related neurological manifestations are not uncommon in infants and children. Here, we describe an infant with Vitamin B12 deficiency due to depleted maternal Vitamin B12 status presenting with progressive encephalopathy and extrapyramidal signs. Diagnosis of infantile tremor syndrome was established in our patient based on the clinical and biochemical parameters. Magnetic resonance imaging had shown frontotemporal atrophy with widened Sylvian fissures and prominent cerebrospinal fluid spaces...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673875/intervention-strategies-to-improve-nutrition-and-health-behaviours-before-conception
#16
REVIEW
Mary Barker, Stephan U Dombrowski, Tim Colbourn, Caroline H D Fall, Natasha M Kriznik, Wendy T Lawrence, Shane A Norris, Gloria Ngaiza, Dilisha Patel, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Falko F Sniehotta, Régine Steegers-Theunissen, Christina Vogel, Kathryn Woods-Townsend, Judith Stephenson
The nutritional status of both women and men before conception has profound implications for the growth, development, and long-term health of their offspring. Evidence of the effectiveness of preconception interventions for improving outcomes for mothers and babies is scarce. However, given the large potential health return, and relatively low costs and risk of harm, research into potential interventions is warranted. We identified three promising strategies for intervention that are likely to be scalable and have positive effects on a range of health outcomes: supplementation and fortification; cash transfers and incentives; and behaviour change interventions...
April 16, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673331/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-preterm-birth-at-kenyatta-national-hospital
#17
Peter Wagura, Aggrey Wasunna, Ahmed Laving, Dalton Wamalwa, Paul Ng'ang'a
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization estimates the prevalence of preterm birth to be 5-18% across 184 countries of the world. Statistics from countries with reliable data show that preterm birth is on the rise. About a third of neonatal deaths are directly attributed to prematurity and this has hindered the achievement of Millennium Development Goal-4 target. Locally, few studies have looked at the prevalence of preterm delivery and factors associated with it. This study determined the prevalence of preterm birth and the factors associated with preterm delivery at Kenyatta National Hospital in Nairobi, Kenya...
April 19, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672150/folate-nutrition-status-in-mothers-of-the-boston-birth-cohort-sample-of-a-us-urban-low-income-population
#18
Tina L Cheng, Kamila B Mistry, Guoying Wang, Barry Zuckerman, Xiaobin Wang
OBJECTIVES: To examine maternal folic acid supplementation and plasma folate concentrations in the Boston Birth Cohort, a predominantly urban, low-income, minority population in Boston, Massachusetts. METHODS: This report includes 7612 mothers with singleton live births (3829 Black, 2023 Hispanic, 865 White, and 895 others) enrolled in the Boston Birth Cohort at the Boston Medical Center, during 1999 to 2014. Folic acid supplementation during preconception and each trimester was obtained via interview questionnaire...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670006/diets-and-feeding-practices-during-the-first-1000-days-window-in-the-phnom-penh-and-north-eastern-districts-of-cambodia
#19
Somphos Vicheth Som, Sophonneary Prak, Arnaud Laillou, Ludovic Gauthier, Jacques Berger, Etienne Poirot, Frank T Wieringa
Although several health and development indicators have improved significantly in Cambodia, inadequate breastfeeding and inappropriate complementary feeding practices leave many children at high risk of malnutrition during the early stages of life. In 2014, the prevalence of wasting and stunting among Cambodian children under 5 were 10% and 32%, respectively. Thus, a strong focus on improving feeding practices within the first 1000 days window to reduce child malnutrition prevalence in Cambodia is needed. This cross-sectional study assessed the current feeding practices among of women of reproductive age, pregnant women, lactating women and children less than 24 months living in six districts from Phnom Penh and two rural provinces in the North East of Cambodia...
April 18, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669486/diet-the-keystone-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
S Peretti, M Mariano, C Mazzocchetti, M Mazza, M C Pino, A Verrotti Di Pianella, M Valenti
Children with autism are characterized by an impairment of social interaction and repetitive patterns of behaviour. Autism is a heterogeneous span of disorders with unknown aetiology. Research has grown significantly and has suggested that environmental risk factors acting during the prenatal period could influence the neurodevelopment of offspring. The literature suggests that the maternal diet during pregnancy has a fundamental role in the etiopathogenesis of autism. Indeed, a maternal diet that is high in some nutrients has been associated with an increase or reduction in the risk of develop Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD)...
April 19, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
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