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nutritional status pregnancy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537582/thyroid-homeostasis-in-mother-child-pairs-in-relation-to-maternal-iodine-status-the-misa-study
#1
V Berg, T H Nøst, G Skeie, Y Thomassen, B Berlinger, A S Veyhe, R Jorde, J Ø Odland, S Hansen
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Iodine deficiency during pregnancy may influence maternal and foetal thyroid function with the risk of causing neurocognitive and psychomotor deficits in the offspring. The objective of this study was to assess iodine status in pregnant women from Northern Norway and to investigate the influence of iodine status on maternal and infant thyroid function. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Women from the Northern Norway Mother-and-Child contaminant Cohort Study (MISA) donated a blood and urine sample at three visits during their pregnancy and postpartum period (in second trimester, 3 days and 6 weeks after delivery...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537576/an-infant-and-mother-with-severe-b12-deficiency-vitamin-b12-status-assessment-should-be-determined-in-pregnant-women-with-anaemia
#2
A Sobczyńska-Malefora, R Ramachandran, D Cregeen, E Green, P Bennett, D J Harrington, H A Lemonde
The vitamin B12 status of infants depends on maternal B12 status during pregnancy, and during lactation if breastfed. We present a 9-month-old girl who was admitted to the metabolic unit for assessment of developmental delay. She was exclusively breastfed and the introduction of solids at 5 months was unsuccessful. Investigations revealed pancytopenia, undetectable B12 and highly elevated methylmalonic acid and homocysteine. Methylmalonic acid and homocysteine normalised following B12 injections. Marked catch-up of developmental milestones was noted after treatment with B12...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524803/maternal-and-early-life-nutrition-and-physical-activity-setting-the-research-and-intervention-agenda-for-addressing-the-double-burden-of-malnutrition-in-south-african-children
#3
A Prioreschi, S Wrottesley, C E Draper, S A Tomaz, C J Cook, E D Watson, M N M Van Poppel, R Said-Mohamed, S A Norris, E V Lambert, L K Micklesfield
Early life is important for later health outcomes, yet there are few studies which adequately address all of the potential early life insults that may affect later life health and growth trajectories. This is particularly evident in low- to middle-income countries such as South Africa, where women of childbearing age are particularly vulnerable to high levels of physical inactivity, malnutrition, and obesity. Pregnancy may therefore be an opportune time to change behaviours and improve maternal and offspring health outcomes, and decrease the inter-generational transfer of risk...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515164/mrna-levels-of-placental-iron-and-zinc-transporter-genes-are-upregulated-in-gambian-women-with-low-iron-and-zinc-status
#4
Modou Lamin Jobarteh, Harry J McArdle, Grietje Holtrop, Ebrima A Sise, Andrew M Prentice, Sophie E Moore
Background: The role of the placenta in regulating micronutrient transport in response to maternal status is poorly understood.Objective: We investigated the effect of prenatal nutritional supplementation on the regulation of placental iron and zinc transport.Methods: In a randomized trial in rural Gambia [ENID (Early Nutrition and Immune Development)], pregnant women were allocated to 1 of 4 nutritional intervention arms: 1) iron and folic acid (FeFol) tablets (FeFol group); 2) multiple micronutrient (MMN) tablets (MMN group); 3) protein energy (PE) as a lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS; PE group); and 4) PE and MMN (PE+MMN group) as LNS...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507637/factors-influencing-antenatal-haematinics-prescription-behaviour-of-physicians-in-calabar-nigeria
#5
Ubong Akpan, Thomas Agan, Emmanuel Monjok, Chinedu Okpara, Saturday Etuk
BACKGROUND: Routine iron and folic acid supplementation in pregnancy have been proved to be effective in reducing the prevalence and morbidities of anaemia. However, there is limited data regarding the prescription habits of physician obstetric care givers. AIM: This study set to investigate the attitudes and factors which influence the practice among physicians in University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire based cross-sectional survey was conducted among randomly recruited physician offering antenatal services between August and September 2015...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506357/-research-advances-in-the-association-between-maternal-intake-of-methyl-donor-nutrients-during-pregnancy-and-dna-methylation-in-offspring
#6
Meng-Meng Wu, Fan Yang
Maternal nutrition during pregnancy plays a vital role in the health of the offspring. Methyl donor nutrients, including folate, vitamin B12, choline, betaine, and methionine, directly affect DNA methylation and are closely associated with the health of the offspring. As an important part of epigenetics, DNA methylation plays an important role in the maintenance of normal cellular function, gene expression regulation, and embryonic development. Recent studies have shown that maternal nutrition may have a long-lasting effect on the health of the offspring via the changes in genomic DNA and/or methylation level in the promoter region in specific genes...
May 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500672/telomere-length-and-fetal-programming-a-review-of-recent-scientific-advances
#7
Valerie E Whiteman, Anjali Goswami, Hamisu M Salihu
We sought to synthesize a comprehensive literature review comprising recent research linking fetal programming to fetal telomere length. We also explored the potential effects fetal telomere length shortening has on fetal phenotypes. Utilizing the PubMed database as our primary search engine, we retrieved and reviewed 165 articles of published research. The inclusion criteria limited the articles to those that appeared within the last ten years, were pertinent to humans, and without restriction to language of publication...
May 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490512/preconceptional-and-gestational-weight-trajectories-and-risk-of-delivering-a-small-for-gestational-age-baby-in-rural-gambia
#8
William Johnson, Seham Aa Elmrayed, Fatou Sosseh, Andrew M Prentice, Sophie E Moore
Background: Maternal nutritional status is a key determinant of small for gestational age (SGA), but some knowledge gaps remain, particularly regarding the role of the energy balance entering pregnancy.Objective: We investigated how preconceptional and gestational weight trajectories (summarized by individual-level traits) are associated with SGA risk in rural Gambia.Design: The sample comprised 670 women in a trial with serial weight data (7310 observations) that were available before and during pregnancy...
May 10, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484356/associations-of-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-with-term-pregnancy-outcomes
#9
Tatjana Barisic, Vjekoslav Mandic, Ivana Barac
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is one of the greatest health problems in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) defined obesity as a disease in which the excess of adipose tissue accumulates in such a degree that is endangers health. Obesity is a very complex multifactor disease that is developed under the influence of genetic and metabolic factors, environment, social and cultural environment as well as bad habits. The causes of obesity can be numerous. The most common source of obesity is the development of energetic imbalance...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482961/low-prevalence-of-malnourishment-among-household-contacts-of-patients-with-tuberculosis-in-guinea-bissau
#10
C B Patsche, F Rudolf, S W Mogensen, A Sifna, V F Gomes, S Byberg, C Wejse
SETTING: An urban demographic surveillance site in Bissau, the capital of Guinea-Bissau, West Africa.BACKGROUND We hypothesised that if previous malnutrition plays a part in acquiring active tuberculosis (TB) disease, households of TB cases would have a higher prevalence of malnutrition than those of healthy controls. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study comparing nutritional and socio-economic status of all newly diagnosed patients with TB in 2014 with household contacts (persons residing in the household of TB cases) and random controls...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472180/serum-biochemistry-panels-in-african-buffalo-defining-reference-intervals-and-assessing-variability-across-season-age-and-sex
#11
Claire E Couch, Morgan A Movius, Anna E Jolles, M Elena Gorman, Johanna D Rigas, Brianna R Beechler
Serum biochemical parameters can be utilized to evaluate the physiological status of an animal, and relate it to the animal's health. In order to accurately interpret individual animal biochemical results, species-specific reference intervals (RI) must be established. Reference intervals for biochemical parameters differ between species, and physiological differences including reproductive status, nutritional resource availability, disease status, and age affect parameters within the same species. The objectives of this study were to (1) establish RI for biochemical parameters in managed African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), (2) assess the effects of age, sex, pregnancy, and season on serum biochemistry values, and (3) compare serum biochemistry values from a managed herd to a free-ranging buffalo herd and to values previously published for captive (zoo) buffalo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448277/long-term-consequences-of-obesity-on-female-fertility-and-the-health-of-the-offspring
#12
Suchitra Chandrasekaran, Genevieve Neal-Perry
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity has reached near epidemic levels among reproductive age women with a myriad of consequences. Obesity adversely affects the maternal milieu by creating conditions that decrease fertility and increase the risk of gestational diabetes, hypertensive disease in pregnancy, fetal growth abnormalities and congenital anomalies. The effects of obesity are not limited to pregnancy. Indeed, beyond the immediate postpartum period, obese women maintain a higher prevalence of insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445440/micronutrient-status-among-pregnant-women-in-zinder-niger-and-risk-factors-associated-with-deficiency
#13
K Ryan Wessells, Césaire T Ouédraogo, Rebecca R Young, M Thierno Faye, Alex Brito, Sonja Y Hess
Anemia and micronutrient (MN) deficiencies in pregnant women are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. In Niger, 58.6% of pregnant women are anemic; however, MN statuses are unknown. The study objectives were to estimate the prevalence of MN deficiencies among pregnant women in Zinder, Niger and explore associated risk factors. Pregnant women living in randomly selected rural villages (n = 88) were included. Capillary and venous blood samples (n = 770) were analyzed for hemoglobin (Hb) and plasma ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), zinc (pZn), retinol binding protein (RBP), folate and vitamin B12...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436103/delivering-an-action-agenda-for-nutrition-interventions-addressing-adolescent-girls-and-young-women-priorities-for-implementation-and-research
#14
Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Zohra S Lassi, Gilles Bergeron, Berthold Koletzko, Rehana Salam, Angela Diaz, Mireille McLean, Robert E Black, Luz Maria de Rigil, Parul Christian, Andrew M Prentice, Jonathan D Klein, William Keenan, Mark Hanson
Adolescent nutritional behaviors are assuming considerable importance in nutrition interventions given their important relationships with medium- and long-term outcomes. This is the period when young people undergo major anatomical and physiological maturational changes in preparation for adulthood. Nutritional requirements during puberty are higher during adolescence than during the prepubertal stage and during adulthood. A significant proportion of adolescents also become parents, and hence the importance of their health and nutritional status before as well as during pregnancy has its impact on their own health, fetal well-being, and newborn health...
April 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429514/maternal-metabolic-adaptations-to-pregnancy-among-young-women-in-cebu-philippines
#15
Ruby L Fried, Nanette L Mayol, Thom W McDade, Christopher W Kuzawa
OBJECTIVES: Evidence that fetal development has long-term impacts on health has increased interest in maternal-fetal nutrient exchange. Although maternal metabolism is known to change during gestation to accommodate fetal nutrient demands, little is known about these modifications outside of a Western, clinical context. This study characterizes maternal metabolic adaptations to pregnancy, and their associations with offspring birth weight (BW), among women living in the Philippines. METHODS: Fasting glucose, triglycerides, insulin, leptin, and adiponectin were assessed in 808 participants in the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (Metropolitan Cebu, Philippines)...
April 21, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426385/birth-in-winter-can-reduce-the-risk-of-lung-cancer-a-retrospective-study-of-the-birth-season-of-patients-with-lung-cancer-in-beijing-area-china
#16
Yu Hao, Long Yan, ErQinFu Ke, Hong Wang, Juan He
The season of birth is an important risk factor for several diseases. We explored the relationship between birth season and lung cancer. In this population-based retrospective study, we focused on patients with lung cancer who had registered at the Beijing Institute for Cancer Research from 2003 to 2012. In total, 33,025 patients were divided into five subgroups based on their histologic classification, and these five subgroups were compared with the general population (i.e., the permanent resident population of Beijing in 2013)...
2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421711/vitamin-d-status-of-white-pregnant-women-and-infants-at-birth-and-4%C3%A2-months-in-north-west-england-a-cohort-study
#17
A J B Emmerson, K Dockery, M Z Mughal, S A Roberts, C L Tower, J L Berry
The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant white-skinned women (WSW) and their infants has not been investigated at northern latitudes in a developed county. A 2-year observational cohort study was undertaken in the North West of England to determine 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels in WSW and their infants during pregnancy and 4 months postdelivery and to explore factors associated with these levels. Nutritional and lifestyle questionnaires were completed and 25OHD levels measured at 28 weeks and 4 months postdelivery...
April 18, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407219/multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-for-women-during-pregnancy
#18
REVIEW
Batool A Haider, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Multiple-micronutrient (MMN) deficiencies often coexist among women of reproductive age in low- to middle-income countries. They are exacerbated in pregnancy due to the increased demands, leading to potentially adverse effects on the mother and developing fetus. Though supplementation with MMNs has been recommended earlier because of the evidence of impact on pregnancy outcomes, a consensus is yet to be reached regarding the replacement of iron and folic acid supplementation with MMNs...
April 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402324/vitamin-b12-status-in-pregnant-women-and-their-infants-in-south-india
#19
J L Finkelstein, A V Kurpad, T Thomas, K Srinivasan, C Duggan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy has been associated with increased risk of adverse perinatal outcomes. However, few studies have investigated the burden and determinants of vitamin B12 status in young infants. This study was conducted to determine the associations between maternal and infant vitamin B12 status. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Pregnant women participating in a vitamin B12 supplementation trial in Bangalore, India, were randomized to receive vitamin B12 (50 μg) or placebo supplementation daily during pregnancy through 6 weeks postpartum...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399895/impact-of-maternal-respiratory-infections-on-low-birth-weight-a-community-based-longitudinal-study-in-an-urban-setting-in-pakistan
#20
Asad Ali, Umber Zaman, Sadia Mahmud, Gul-E-Shehwar Zahid, Momin Kazi, William A Petri, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Anita Zaidi, Molly A Hughes
BACKGROUND: The health of mothers and their newborns is intricately related. The weight of the infant at birth is a powerful predictor of infant growth and survival, and is considered to be partly dependent on maternal health and nutrition during pregnancy. We conducted a longitudinal study in an urban community within Karachi to determine maternal predictors of newborn birth weight. METHODS: Four hundred pregnant women were enrolled in the study during the period 2011-2013...
April 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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