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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197798/individual-and-combined-effects-of-fluoranthene-phenanthrene-mannitol-and-sulfuric-acid-on-marigold-calendula-officinalis
#1
Wahdatullah Khpalwak, Sherif M Abdel-Dayem, Hiroshi Sakugawa
A study was conducted to characterize marigold stress response to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (oxidative stress inducers) with and without sulfuric acid (S.Acid; pH 3) (acid-stress inducer), and to evaluate reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging activity of mannitol (Mann). Marigold (Calendula officinalis) seedlings were grown in a greenhouse and fumigated with fluoranthene (FLU), phenanthrene (PHE), Mann, and S.Acid individually and in various combinations for 40 days. Various physiological and biochemical parameters among others were analyzed using standard methods...
November 30, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191047/stealth-lipid-polymer-hybrid-nanoparticles-loaded-with-rutin-for-effective-brain-delivery-comparative-study-with-the-gold-standard-tween-80-optimization-characterization-and-biodistribution
#2
Rania A H Ishak, Nada M Mostafa, Amany O Kamel
The blood-brain barrier is considered the leading physiological obstacle hindering the transport of neurotherapeutics to brain cells. The application of nanotechnology coupled with surfactant coating is one of the efficacious tactics overcoming this barrier. The aim of this study was to develop lipid polymer hybrid nanoparticles (LPHNPs), composed of a polymeric core and a phospholipid shell entangled, for the first time, with PEG-based surfactants (SAA) viz. TPGS or Solutol HS 15 in comparison with the gold standard Tween 80, aiming to enhance brain delivery and escape opsonization...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942136/traditional-wound-healing-plants-used-in-the-balkan-region-southeast-europe
#3
REVIEW
Snežana Jarić, Olga Kostić, Zorana Mataruga, Dragana Pavlović, Marija Pavlović, Miroslava Mitrović, Pavle Pavlović
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The geographical and ecological specificity of the Balkan Peninsula has resulted in the development of a distinct diversity of medicinal plants. In the traditional culture of the Balkan peoples, plants have medicinal, economic and anthropological/cultural importance, which is reflected in the sound knowledge of their diversity and use. This study analyses the traditional use of medicinal plants in the treatment of wounds and the pharmacological characteristics of the most frequently used species...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929051/comparison-of-effectiveness-of-calendula-officinalis-extract-gel-with-lycopene-gel-for-treatment-of-tobacco-induced-homogeneous-leukoplakia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Manisha Singh, Anjana Bagewadi
AIM: The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of Calendula officinalis gel as cost-effective treatment modality in comparison to lycopene gel in the treatment of leukoplakia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised of sixty patients of clinically diagnosed and histopathologically confirmed cases of homogeneous leukoplakia which were divided into Group I and Group II with thirty patients each. Group I patients were dispensed C. officinalis extract gel whereas Group II patients were given lycopene gel...
April 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881197/oleanane-type-triterpene-saponins-from-calendula-stellata
#5
Meryem Lehbili, Abdulmagid Alabdul Magid, Ahmed Kabouche, Laurence Voutquenne-Nazabadioko, Amin Abedini, Hamid Morjani, Thomas Sarazin, Sophie C Gangloff, Zahia Kabouche
Five previously undescribed bisdesmosidic triterpenoid saponins named calendustellatosides A-E, along with fifteen known compounds were isolated from the 70% ethanol whole plant extract of Calendula stellata Cav. (Asteraceae). Their structures were determined by 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopy as well as high resolution mass spectrometry and acid hydrolysis. The saponins comprised oleanolic acid, echinocystic acid, morolic acid or mesembryanthemoidigenic acid as the aglycones and saccharide moieties at C-3 and C-28...
September 4, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873765/greek-pdo-saffron-authentication-studies-using-species-specific-molecular-markers
#6
I Bosmali, S A Ordoudi, M Z Tsimidou, P Madesis
Saffron, the spice produced from the red stigmas of the flower of Crocus sativus L. is a frequent target of fraud and mislabeling practices that cannot be fully traced using the ISO 3632 trade standard specifications and test methods. A molecular approach is proposed herein as a promising branding strategy for the authentication of highly esteemed saffron brands such as the Greek Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) "Krokos Kozanis". Specific ISSR (inter-simple sequence repeat) markers were used to assess for the first time, the within species variability of several populations of C...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864886/essential-oils-of-aromatic-egyptian-plants-repel-nymphs-of-the-tick-ixodes-ricinus-acari-ixodidae
#7
Hesham R El-Seedi, Muhammad Azeem, Nasr S Khalil, Hanem H Sakr, Shaden A M Khalifa, Khalijah Awang, Aamer Saeed, Mohamed A Farag, Mohamed F AlAjmi, Katinka Pålsson, Anna-Karin Borg-Karlson
Due to the role of Ixodes ricinus (L.) (Acari: Ixodidae) in the transmission of many serious pathogens, personal protection against bites of this tick is essential. In the present study the essential oils from 11 aromatic Egyptian plants were isolated and their repellent activity against I. ricinus nymphs was evaluated Three oils (i.e. Conyza dioscoridis L., Artemisia herba-alba Asso and Calendula officinalis L.) elicited high repellent activity in vitro of 94, 84.2 and 82%, respectively. The most active essential oil (C...
September 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767066/isorhamnetin-and-quercetin-derivatives-as-anti-acetylcholinesterase-principles-of-marigold-calendula-officinalis-flowers-and-preparations
#8
Daniil N Olennikov, Nina I Kashchenko, Nadezhda K Chirikova, Anzurat Akobirshoeva, Ifrat N Zilfikarov, Cecile Vennos
Marigold (Calendula officinalis L.) is one of the most common and widespread plants used medicinally all over the world. The present study aimed to evaluate the anti-acetylcholinesterase activity of marigold flowers, detect the compounds responsible and perform chemical analysis of marigold commercial products. Analysis of 23 varieties of C. officinalis flowers introduced into Siberia allowed us to select the Greenheart Orange variety due to the superior content of flavonoids (46.87 mg/g) and the highest inhibitory activity against acetylcholinesterase (IC50 63...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705585/a-four-dimensional-separation-method-based-on-continuous-heart-cutting-gas-chromatography-with-ion-mobility-and-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#9
Christian Lipok, Jörg Hippler, Oliver J Schmitz
A two-dimensional GC (2D-GC) method was developed and coupled to an ion mobility-high resolution mass spectrometer, which enables the separation of complex samples in four dimensions (2D-GC, ion mobilility spectrometry and mass spectrometry). This approach works as a continuous multiheart-cutting GC-system (GC+GC), using a long modulation time of 20s, which allows the complete transfer of most of the first dimension peaks to the second dimension column without fractionation, in comparison to comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GCxGC)...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701962/the-effect-of-calendula-officinalis-on-oxidative-stress-and-bone-loss-in-experimental-periodontitis
#10
Mariana Dos Reis Lima, Amanda P Lopes, Conceição Martins, Gerly A C Brito, Virgínia C Carneiro, Paula Goes
Periodontitis is associated with reduced antioxidant capacity and increased oxidative damage. Oxidative stress induces inflammation and bone loss contributing to the pathological progression of periodontal disease. Calendula officinalis (CLO) has demonstrated anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant activities. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of CLO on oxidative stress and bone loss in rats subjected to experimental periodontitis (EP). For this, 72 male Wistar rats were divided into groups: Naïve, Saline (SAL) and CLO...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679180/a-phase-ii-randomized-single-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial-on-the-efficacy-of-curcumina-and-calendula-suppositories-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-chronic-prostatitis-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-type-iii
#11
Giuseppe Morgia, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Daniele Urzì, Salvatore Privitera, Tommaso Castelli, Vincenzo Favilla, Sebastiano Cimino
OBJECTIVE: The management of chronic prostatitis/ chronic pelvic pain syndrome type III (CP/CPPS) has been always considered complex due to several biopsychological factors underling the disease. In this clinical study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy of the treatment with Curcumin and Calendula extract in patients with CP/CPPS III. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From June 2015 to January 2016 we enrolled 60 consecutive patients affected by CP/CPPS III in our institution...
June 30, 2017: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560780/double-blind-randomized-phase-iii-study-comparing-a-mixture-of-natural-agents-versus-placebo-in-the-prevention-of-acute-mucositis-during-chemoradiotherapy-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#12
Laura Marucci, Alessia Farneti, Paolo Di Ridolfi, Paola Pinnaro, Raul Pellini, Diana Giannarelli, Patrizia Vici, Mario Conte, Valeria Landoni, Giuseppe Sanguineti
BACKGROUND: There is no widely accepted intervention in the prevention of acute mucositis during chemoradiotherapy for head and neck carcinoma. In the present double-blind study, we tested 4 natural agents, propolis, aloe vera, calendula, and chamomile versus placebo. METHODS: Patients undergoing concomitant chemo-intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) were given natural agent or matched placebo; grade 3 mucositis on physical examination according to Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3...
May 31, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421562/prevention-of-bacterial-biofilm-formation-on-soft-contact-lenses-using-natural-compounds
#13
Amira M El-Ganiny, Ghada H Shaker, Abeer A Aboelazm, Heba A El-Dash
PURPOSE: In eye care field, contact lenses (CL) have a great impact on improving vision, but their use can be limited by ocular infection. CL- associated infections can be reduced by good attention to CL storage case practice. CL-care solutions should be able to control microbial growth on CL. The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the efficacy of CL-care solutions (found in Egyptian market) with some natural compounds in removal and inhibition of bacterial biofilm formed on soft CL...
December 2017: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335791/fischer-s-plants-in-folk-beliefs-and-customs-a-previously-unknown-contribution-to-the-ethnobotany-of-the-polish-lithuanian-belarusian-borderland
#14
Monika Kujawska, Piotr Klepacki, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: Historical ethnobotanical studies are useful starting points for further diachronic analysis. The aim of this contribution is to present archival data from the Polish-Lithuanian-Belarusian borderland, which were collected by Adam Fischer, a Polish ethnographer from Lviv, in the 1930s. These data were originally gathered for publication in the first part of the Lexicon of Slavic beliefs and customs, dedicated to plant uses in traditional Slavonic culture. It was intended to be a joint international enterprise, but was never actually fulfilled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109063/chemical-variability-antioxidant-and-antifungal-activities-of-essential-oils-and-hydrosol-extract-of-calendula-arvensis-l-from-western-algeria
#15
Rania Belabbes, Mohammed El Amine Dib, Nassim Djabou, Faiza Ilias, Boufeldja Tabti, Jean Costa, Alain Muselli
The chemical composition of the essential oils and hydrosol extract from aerial parts of Calendula arvensis L. was investigated using GC-FID and GC/MS. Intra-species variations of the chemical compositions of essential oils from 18 Algerian sample locations were investigated using statistical analysis. Chemical analysis allowed the identification of 53 compounds amounting to 92.3 - 98.5% with yields varied of 0.09 - 0.36% and the main compounds were zingiberenol 1 (8.7 - 29.8%), eremoligenol (4.2 - 12...
May 2017: Chemistry & Biodiversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105900/feasibility-acceptability-and-tolerability-of-rgn107-in-the-palliative-wound-care-management-of-chronic-wound-symptoms
#16
M Madisetti, T J Kelechi, M Mueller, E J Amella, M A Prentice
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, acceptability and tolerability of RGN107 use, a natural powder blend of Arnica Montana, Calendula Officinalis, Mentha Arvensis and Santalum Album, among hospice patients and their wound caregivers in the palliative wound care management of chronic wound symptoms at end-of-life. METHOD: Data were collected between May 2013 and November 2015. A pilot trial conducted among 50 hospice patients with symptomatic (pain, odour, or exudate) chronic wounds...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101823/biological-activities-of-asteraceae-achillea-millefolium-and-calendula-officinalis-and-lamiaceae-melissa-officinalis-and-origanum-majorana-plant-extracts
#17
Mónica R García-Risco, Lamia Mouhid, Lilia Salas-Pérez, Alexis López-Padilla, Susana Santoyo, Laura Jaime, Ana Ramírez de Molina, Guillermo Reglero, Tiziana Fornari
Asteraceae (Achillea millefolium and Calendula officinalis) and Lamiaceae (Melissa officinalis and Origanum majorana) extracts were obtained by applying two sequential extraction processes: supercritical fluid extraction with carbon dioxide, followed by ultrasonic assisted extraction using green solvents (ethanol and ethanol:water 50:50). The extracts were analyzed in terms of the total content of phenolic compounds and the content of flavonoids; the volatile oil composition of supercritical extracts was analyzed by gas chromatography and the antioxidant capacity and cell toxicity was determined...
March 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011127/anticandidal-antibacterial-cytotoxic-and-antioxidant-activities-of-calendula-arvensis-flowers
#18
A-M Abudunia, I Marmouzi, M E A Faouzi, Y Ramli, J Taoufik, N El Madani, E M Essassi, A Salama, K Khedid, M Ansar, A Ibrahimi
Calendula arvensis (CA) is one of the important plants used in traditional medicine in Morocco, due to its interesting chemical composition. The present study aimed to determine the anticandidal, antioxidant and antibacterial activities, and the effects of extracts of CA flowers on the growth of myeloid cancer cells. Also, to characterize the chemical composition of the plant. Flowers of CA were collected based on ethnopharmacological information from the villages around the region Rabat-Khemisset, Moroccco...
March 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976220/production-of-calendula-in-m%C3%A3-xico-and-accumulation-of-secondary-metabolites
#19
M Palma Tenango, M Soto Hernández, V González Hernández
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974009/therapeutic-effectiveness-of-a-calendula-officinalis-extract-in-venous-leg-ulcer-healing
#20
M Buzzi, F de Freitas, M de Barros Winter
OBJECTIVE: Non-healing venous leg ulcers (VLUs) have a significant effect on patients' quality of life and substantially increase expenditures in health-care systems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the Calendula officinalis extract, Plenusdermax, in the treatment of VLUs. METHOD: Patients treated with Calendula officinalis extract (n=38) and control patients (n=19) were evaluated every two weeks for 30 weeks or until their ulcers healed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Wound Care
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