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Child and family practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692473/contraceptive-use-and-its-determinants-amongst-armed-forces-personnel
#1
R N Hiremath, A K Yadav, Sandhya Ghodke, Jyoti Yadav
Background: Nearly 1.5 billion adolescent girls are entering into child bearing age groups without effective knowledge regarding family planning practices which are essential to maintain their reproductive health. Timely and effective knowledge regarding family planning norms and practices among the young women during their initial married days are vital. Therefore the study was carried out with the aim to find out the factors associated with use of contraceptive among Armed Forces Personnel...
April 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691883/the-impact-of-nursing-education-and-job-characteristics-on-nurse-s-perceptions-of-their-family-nursing-practice-skills
#2
Erla Kolbrun Svavarsdottir, Anna Olafia Sigurdardottir, Elisabet Konradsdottir, Gudny Bergthora Tryggvadottir
BACKGROUND: Implementing family system nursing in clinical settings is on the rise. However, little is known about the impact of graduate school education as well as continuing education in family systems nursing (FSN) on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice. AIMS: To evaluate the level of nursing education, having taken a continuing hospital educational course in family system nursing (FN-ETI programme), and the impact of job characteristics on nurses' perceptions of their family nursing practice skills...
April 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686955/perceptions-and-practices-in-parents-of-saudi-children-with-asthma-a-cross-sectional-survey
#3
Amani Abu-Shaheen, Isamme AlFayyad, Abdullah Nofal, Mohamad Al-Tannir, May AlMadaney, Humariya Heena
OBJECTIVE: To acquire more precise data on perceptions and practices adopted by Saudi parents of asthmatic children regarding asthma and its management. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted through 2015 on 292 parents of children (aged 3-15 years) with asthma visiting the outpatient clinics and the emergency departments (ED) of two tertiary care medical centers in Riyadh city, using a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Out of 292 parents who participated in this study, 60...
February 21, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686496/child-and-youth-advocacy-centres-a-change-in-practice-that-can-change-a-lifetime
#4
Christina L Shaffer, Tanya D Smith, Amy E Ornstein
While often a silent and invisible issue, childhood trauma is pervasive, and has profound individual, societal and economic impacts. Many forms of childhood trauma exist, including child physical and sexual abuse. Given the prevalence, impact and availability of prevention and intervention approaches, child abuse deserves the same level of awareness, policy priority and investment as is directed to other issues of significant public health importance. The complex issue of child abuse requires a coordinated multifaceted response, which minimizes system trauma and revictimization for the child and family...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680118/improvements-in-physical-activity-opportunities-results-from-a-community-based-family-child-care-intervention
#5
Janice Kao, Gail Woodward-Lopez, Elena S Kuo, Paula James, Christina M Becker, Kitty Lenhart, Kathryn Boyle, Dana Williamson, Suzanne Rauzon
INTRODUCTION: Reaching preschool-aged children to establish healthy lifestyle habits, including physical activity, is an important component of obesity prevention efforts. However, few studies have examined family child care homes where nearly 1 million children receive care. STUDY DESIGN: A pre- and post-intervention evaluation without a control group was conducted to evaluate what changes occurred in family child care homes that participated in the Healthy Eating and Active Living project, a multicomponent obesity prevention initiative, focused on community-driven policy and environmental change in neighborhoods within Kaiser Permanente service areas...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680117/changes-in-nutrition-policies-and-dietary-intake-in-child-care-homes-participating-in-healthy-eating-and-active-living-initiative
#6
Gail Woodward-Lopez, Janice Kao, Elena S Kuo, Paula James, Kitty Lenhart, Christina Becker, Kathryn Boyle, Dana Williamson, Suzanne Rauzon
INTRODUCTION: From 2012 to 2014, a total of 17 family child care homes participated in a multisector, community-wide initiative to prevent obesity. Strategies included staff workshops, materials, site visits, and technical assistance regarding development and implementation of nutrition policies. The purpose of the evaluation was to examine the impact of the initiative on family child care home nutrition-related policies and practices and child dietary intake. STUDY DESIGN: Pre- and post-intervention without control group...
May 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675644/pediatrician-experienced-barriers-in-the-medical-care-for-refugee-children-in-the-netherlands
#7
A Baauw, S Rosiek, B Slattery, M Chinapaw, M Boele van Hensbroek, J B van Goudoever, J Kist-van Holthe
Pediatricians in the Netherlands have been confronted with high numbers of refugee children in their daily practice. Refugee children have been recognized as an at-risk population because they may have an increased burden of physical and mental health conditions, and their caretakers may experience barriers in gaining access to the Dutch health care system. The aim of the study was to gain insight into the barriers in the health care for refugee children perceived by pediatricians by analyzing logistical problems reported through the Dutch Pediatric Surveillance Unit, an online system where pediatricians can report predefined conditions...
April 20, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672475/suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-students-in-grades-8-10-and-12-utah-2015
#8
Marissa L Zwald, Francis B Annor, Amanda Wilkinson, Mike Friedrichs, Anna Fondario, Angela C Dunn, Allyn Nakashima, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Ivey-Stephenson
Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among youths are important public health concerns in Utah, where the suicide rate among youths consistently exceeds the national rate and has been increasing for nearly a decade (1). In March 2017, CDC was invited to assist the Utah Department of Health (UDOH) with an investigation to characterize the epidemiology of fatal and nonfatal suicidal behaviors and identify risk and protective factors associated with these behaviors, among youths aged 10-17 years. This report presents findings related to nonfatal suicidal behaviors among Utah youths...
April 20, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671815/factors-influencing-parental-engagement-in-an-early-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-implemented-at-scale-the-infant-program
#9
Penelope Love, Rachel Laws, Eloise Litterbach, Karen J Campbell
The ‘early years’ is a crucial period for the prevention of childhood obesity. Health services are well placed to deliver preventive programs to families, however, they usually rely on voluntary attendance, which is challenging given low parental engagement. This study explored factors influencing engagement in the Infant Program : a group-based obesity prevention program facilitated by maternal and child health nurses within first-time parent groups. Six 1.5 h sessions were delivered at three-month intervals when the infants were 3⁻18 months...
April 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671620/intergenerational-transmissions-of-mother-child-loneliness-a-moderated-mediation-model-of-familial-social-support-and-conflict-avoidance
#10
Timothy Curran
Loneliness is a psychological health issue related to deleterious physical health outcomes such as mortality and chronic disease. The aim of this research was to examine intergenerational transmissions of loneliness from mothers to adult child via a moderated mediation model of perceived familial social support and conflict avoidance. Surveys were collected from 146 (N = 292) mother-child dyads on self-reports of loneliness, familial social support, and mother-child conflict avoidance. The results showed that child perceptions of familial social support mediated the relationship between mother-child loneliness...
April 19, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667737/one-size-does-not-fit-all-addressing-the-challenges-of-intervention-for-complex-developmental-issues
#11
EDITORIAL
Courtenay Frazier Norbury
The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry is committed to publishing implementational research, or turning therapeutic research discoveries into practical benefit for human health and well-being. This editorial showcases three such papers in this issue from diverse fields in developmental science. The papers highlight the challenges of implementing intervention under real-world constraints, and highlight key issues that clinicians and researchers will need to address in future work. Despite these challenges, each approach shows promise and innovation in delivering high-quality interventions to vulnerable children and families...
May 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662728/breastfeeding-and-weaning-practices-in-urban-slums-of-southern-punjab-pakistan
#12
Khalil Ahmed, Muhammad Talha, Zainab Khalid, Mehvish Khurshid, Rizwan Ishtiaq
Objective Proper breastfeeding and weaning practices are effective ways of reducing childhood morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to find out breastfeeding and weaning practices among infants of six months to one year in urban slums of Bahawalpur city. By evaluating the knowledge and attitude of lactating mothers regarding their child feeding habits, modifications and specific interventions can be implemented to improve the breastfeeding and weaning practices of the area. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out in the Shahdrah slums of Bahawalpur City after getting approval from the institutional review board of Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur...
February 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659203/a-qualitative-study-to-assess-how-primary-care-versus-psychiatric-providers-evaluate-and-treat-pediatric-patients-with-irritability
#13
Anna L Scandinaro, Usman Hameed, Cheryl A Dellasega
Objective: To determine how primary care versus specialist practitioners assess and treat school-aged children with irritability. Methods: Seventeen providers from family medicine, pediatrics, and psychiatry participated in in-depth interviews from June to August 2016 about the process they use to evaluate irritability. Data on demographic traits and measures of confidence were also collected. Results: Primary care (family medicine and pediatrics) participants expressed frustration over the lack of time and specialized knowledge they had to accurately assess children with irritability, even though they were often the first clinician consulted when problems arose...
April 5, 2018: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655656/how-social-cultural-and-economic-environments-shape-infant-feeding-for-low-income-women-a-qualitative-study-in-north-carolina
#14
Annie Hardison-Moody, Lillian MacNell, Sinikka Elliott, Sarah Bowen
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on the cultural, social, and economic factors that shape infant feeding practices among low-income mothers. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to understand factors that inhibit or facilitate breastfeeding practices of low-income mothers, including how they are linked to broader social, cultural, and economic processes. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with women about their feeding practices and food environments, including their experiences with breastfeeding and formula feeding...
April 11, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653238/the-pediatric-asthma-yardstick-practical-recommendations-for-a-sustained-step-up-in-asthma-therapy-for-children-with-inadequately-controlled-asthma
#15
Bradley E Chipps, Leonard B Bacharier, Judith R Farrar, Daniel J Jackson, Kevin R Murphy, Wanda Phipatanakul, Stanley J Szefler, W Gerald Teague, Robert S Zeiger
Current asthma guidelines recommend a control-based approach to management involving assessment of impairment and risk followed by implementation of treatment strategies individualized according to the patient's needs and preferences. However, for children with asthma, achieving control can be elusive. While tools are available to help children (and families) track and manage day-to-day symptoms, when and how to implement a longer-term step-up in care is less clear. Furthermore, treatment is challenged by the three age groups of childhood - adolescence (12-18 years old), school age (6-11 years old), and young children (≤ 5 years old), and what works for one age group may not be the best approach for another...
April 10, 2018: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651920/systemic-factors-associated-with-prosocial-skills-and-maladaptive-functioning-in-youth-exposed-to-intimate-partner-violence
#16
Kathryn H Howell, Idia B Thurston, Amanda J Hasselle, Kristina Decker, Lacy E Jamison
Children are frequently present in homes in which intimate partner violence (IPV) occurs. Following exposure to IPV, children may develop behavioral health difficulties, struggle with regulating emotions, or exhibit aggression. Despite the negative outcomes associated with witnessing IPV, many children also display resilience. Guided by Bronfenbrenner's bioecological model, this study examined person-level, process-level (microsystem), and context-level (mesosystem) factors associated with positive and negative functioning among youth exposed to IPV...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644545/adaptive-recruitment-and-parenting-interventions-for-immigrant-latino-families-with-adolescents
#17
Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Maria O Diaspro-Higuera, Dora Palma, Roberto Palma, Luis Ortega, Rebecca Shlafer, Elizabeth Wieling, Timothy Piehler, Gerald August, Maria V Svetaz, Iris W Borowsky, Michele L Allen
Parenting programs are an effective strategy to prevent multiple risky outcomes during adolescence. However, these programs usually enroll one caregiver and have low attendance. This study evaluated the preliminary results, cost, and satisfaction of adaptive recruitment and parenting interventions for immigrant Latino families. A mixed methods study was conducted integrating a pre-post design with embedded qualitative and process evaluations. Fifteen immigrant Latino families with an adolescent child aged 10-14 were recruited...
April 11, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642885/barriers-to-and-motivators-of-handwashing-behavior-among-mothers-of-neonates-in-rural-bangladesh
#18
Shahana Parveen, Sharifa Nasreen, Jelena V Allen, Kelly B Kamm, Shifat Khan, Shirina Akter, Tajnin Marin Lopa, K Zaman, Shams El Arifeen, Stephen P Luby, Pavani K Ram
BACKGROUND: To design a maternal handwashing intervention for the newborn period, this qualitative study explored drivers of handwashing among mothers and other caregivers of neonates and infants in two rural areas of Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted 40 semi-structured observation sessions to observe handwashing behaviors of primiparous and multiparous mothers of neonates, and to understand the contextual factors that facilitated or hampered those behaviors. We then conducted 64 interviews with mothers of neonates and mothers of infants and 6 group discussions with mothers of infants, other female caregivers and fathers to explore perceptions, beliefs, and practices related to handwashing in the neonatal period...
April 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642770/providing-coordinated-immediate-trauma-focused-and-interdisciplinary-responses-to-children-exposed-to-severe-intimate-partner-violence-assessing-feasibility-of-a-collaborative-model
#19
Amanda M Stylianou, Elizabeth Ebright
Despite the known consequences associated with children's exposure to intimate partner violence (IPV), numerous children exposed to IPV never access victim services and/or mental health treatment. Informed by the Child Development-Community Policing Program (CD-CP), the Child Trauma Response Team (CTRT) is designed to provide a coordinated, immediate, trauma-informed, and interdisciplinary response to children, adolescents, and their impacted family members who are exposed to severe IPV. The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of the CTRT from the perspective of the key stakeholders and to identify what facilitated and/or hindered the collaborative model...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625914/maternal-food-related-practices-quality-of-diet-and-well-being-profiles-of-chilean-mother-adolescent-dyads
#20
Berta Schnettler, Klaus G Grunert, Germán Lobos, Edgardo Miranda-Zapata, Marianela Denegri, Clementina Hueche
OBJECTIVE: To identify mother-adolescent dyad profiles according to food-related parenting practices and to determine differences in diet quality, family meal frequency, life satisfaction, and sociodemographic characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Mothers and children were surveyed in their homes or at schools in Temuco, Chile. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 300 mothers (average age, 41.6 years) and their adolescent children (average age, 13...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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