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Child and family practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240448/pediatric-care-providers-family-and-friends-as-sources-of-breastfeeding-support-beyond-infancy
#1
Alexis Tchaconas, Sarah A Keim, Debbi Heffern, Andrew Adesman
OBJECTIVE: To examine women's perceptions about support from pediatric primary care providers (PCPs), family, and friends for breastfeeding beyond 12 months, which is an increasing common practice. STUDY DESIGN: Women who breastfed at least one child beyond 12 months completed an online questionnaire distributed via La Leche League USA (2013). Questionnaire content focused on sources of support for breastfeeding beyond 12 months, support ratings, and participant characteristics...
December 14, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239634/mother-child-positivity-and-negativity-family-wide-and-child-specific-main-effects-and-interactions-predict-child-adjustment
#2
Bonamy R Oliver, Alison Pike
Links between positive and negative aspects of the parent-child relationship and child adjustment are undisputed. Scholars recognize the importance of parental differential treatment (PDT) of siblings, yet, less is known about PDT in the context of the shared (family-wide) parent-child relationship climate, or about the extent to which positivity may buffer children's adjustment from negativity. Controlling for behavioral stability, we examined the potential for positive and negative parent-child processes to interact across and between child-specific and family-wide levels in the prediction of children's adjustment...
December 14, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234993/narrative-identity-in-third-party-reproduction-normative-aspects-and-ethical-challenges
#3
Natacha Salomé Lima
In the last few decades, assisted reproduction has introduced new challenges to the way people conceive and build their families. While the numbers of donor-conceived (DC) individuals have increased worldwide, there are still many controversies concerning access to donor information. Is there a fundamental moral right to know one's genetic background? What does identity in DC families mean? Is there any relationship between identity formation and disclosure of genetic origins? These questions are addressed by analysing core regulatory discourse (ethical recommendations and codes of practice)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223888/neighborhood-crime-undermines-parenting-violence-in-the-vicinity-of-households-as-a-predictor-of-aggressive-discipline
#4
Jorge Cuartas
Child discipline is a central component of parent-child interactions. Evidence suggests corporal discipline impairs children's physical, cognitive, and socioemotional development and compromises their future chances, especially since it is more frequently used against at-risk children. Using geocoded data for 1209 children under the age of five and their mothers, this study analyses the relation between the occurrence of crimes in close proximity to households in four major urban municipalities of Colombia and a particularly violent corporal discipline practice: hitting children with objects...
December 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221455/mental-health-professionals-family-focused-practice-with-families-with-dependent-children-a-survey-study
#5
Patraporn Tungpunkom, Darryl Maybery, Andrea Reupert, Nick Kowalenko, Kim Foster
BACKGROUND: Many people with a mental illness are parents caring for dependent children. These children are at greater risk of developing their own mental health concerns compared to other children. Mental health services are opportune places for healthcare professionals to identify clients' parenting status and address the needs of their children. There is a knowledge gap regarding Thai mental health professionals' family-focused knowledge and practices when working with parents with mental illness and their children and families...
December 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220616/interventions-to-improve-or-maintain-lower-limb-function-among-ambulatory-adolescents-with-cerebral-palsy-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-current-practice-in-the-uk
#6
Gerasimos Taflampas, Cherry Kilbride, Wendy Levin, Grace Lavelle, Jennifer M Ryan
OBJECTIVES: To describe physiotherapy management to improve or maintain lower-limb function among adolescents with cerebral palsy, classified in Gross Motor Function Classification System levels I-III, in the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: A list of interventions was identified using a nominal group technique and developed into a survey, which was distributed to approximately 2,100 pediatric physiotherapists in the UK through the Association of Pediatric Chartered Physiotherapists and a private physiotherapy clinic in London between April and June 2015...
December 8, 2017: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220598/hope-for-the-future-but-fear-the-risk-of-stigma-ethiopian-family-caregivers-lived-experience-of-caring-for-their-hiv-positive-child-two-years-after-starting-antiretroviral-treatment
#7
Mulatu Biru, Pia Lunqvist, Mitikie Molla, Degu Jerene, Inger Hallström
Family caregivers are believed to be the primary source of support for HIV-affected children. There is limited evidence about practices of support for caregivers, to strengthen them and to enhance the welfare of HIV positive children, especially in African settings. Our aim was therefore to illuminate caregivers' lived experiences of caring for a child in Ethiopia 2 years after the child was enrolled in antiretroviral therapy. Qualitative interviews with 18 family caregivers of 18 children were performed and analyzed using an inductive design with a hermeneutic phenomenological approach...
December 8, 2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217964/sit-down-and-play-a-preventive-primary-care-based-program-to-enhance-parenting-practices
#8
Reshma Shah, Daniela DeFrino, Yoonsang Kim, Marc Atkins
The primary care office offers an ideal setting to encourage parenting behaviors that promote early childhood development. We conducted a pilot study to establish feasibility and acceptability of Sit Down and Play (SDP), a brief primary care-based program to facilitate positive parenting behaviors through take-home play activities. A prospective 1-month study was conducted in an urban primary care clinic. SDP was administered to 30 caregivers of 6-12 month old children while they waited for their well-child appointment...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Family Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215914/feasibility-and-effectiveness-of-a-parenting-programme-for-mexican-parents-of-children-with-acquired-brain-injury-case-report
#9
Clara Chavez-Arana, Cathy Catroppa, Guillermina Yáñez Téllez, Celia Godfrey, Belén Prieto-Corona, Miguel A de León, Antonio García, Vicki Anderson
BACKGROUND: Acquired brain injury (ABI) during childhood typically causes behaviour problems in the child and high levels of stress in the family. OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of a parenting programme to: improve behaviour and self-regulation (SR) in Mexican children with ABI, enhance parenting skills, and decrease parental stress in parents of children with ABI; (2) to explore the impact of parent SR on child. METHODS: Case study design with four participants post-ABI, aged 7-12 years, recruited in Mexico City...
December 7, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210507/acceptability-of-multiple-micronutrient-powders-and-iron-syrup-in-bihar-india
#10
Melissa F Young, Amy Webb Girard, Rukshan Mehta, Sridhar Srikantiah, Lucas Gosdin, Purnima Menon, Usha Ramakrishnan, Reynaldo Martorell, Rasmi Avula
Nearly two thirds of young children are anaemic in Bihar, India. Paediatric iron and folic acid syrup (IFAS) and multiple micronutrient powders (MNPs) are two evidence-based interventions to prevent anaemia. Using a randomized crossover design, we examined the acceptability of IFAS versus MNPs for children 6-23 months. In a catchment area of 2 health centres in Bihar, health front-line workers (FLWs) delivered either (a) IFAS twice weekly or (b) MNPs for 1 month followed by the other supplementation strategy for 1 month to the same families (NCT02610881)...
December 6, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210143/sudden-death-in-paediatrics-as-a-traumatic-experience-for-critical-care-nurses
#11
Lígia Lima, Sandra Gonçalves, Cândida Pinto
BACKGROUND: Research shows that nurses working in critical care units and in particular, paediatric units, are at risk of developing symptoms of secondary traumatic stress (STS). However, little attention has been given to this phenomenon when associated with situations of sudden death in paediatrics. AIM: This study aimed to examine the impact of sudden death in paediatrics on nurses working in paediatrics critical care units and to explore nurses' experiences of this event...
December 5, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209700/early-development-of-emotional-competence-edec-assessment-tool-for-children-with-complex-communication-needs-development-and-evidence
#12
Ji Young Na, Krista Wilkinson, Jiali Liang
Purpose: This article introduces and provides initial data supporting "The Early Development of Emotional Competence (EDEC): A tool for children with complex communication needs (CCNs)." The EDEC was developed to raise awareness about the relation of language and emotional competence and to maximize the likelihood that intervention includes language to discuss emotions in ways that are consistent with the values and goals of the family. Method: First, the theoretical and clinical foundations of the EDEC development were discussed...
December 6, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209271/development-and-implementation-of-a-new-telerehabilitation-system-for-audiovisual-stimulation-training-in-hemianopia
#13
Francesca Tinelli, Giovanni Cioni, Giulia Purpura
Telerehabilitation, defined as the method by which communication technologies are used to provide remote rehabilitation, although still underused, could be as efficient and effective as the conventional clinical rehabilitation practices. In the literature, there are descriptions of the use of telerehabilitation in adult patients with various diseases, whereas it is seldom used in clinical practice with child and adolescent patients. We have developed a new audiovisual telerehabilitation (AVT) system, based on the multisensory capabilities of the human brain, to provide a new tool for adults and children with visual field defects in order to improve ocular movements toward the blind hemifield...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204796/identifying-effective-components-of-child-maltreatment-interventions-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Claudia E van der Put, Mark Assink, Jeanne Gubbels, Noëlle F Boekhout van Solinge
There is a lack of knowledge about specific components that make interventions effective in preventing or reducing child maltreatment. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to increase this knowledge by summarizing findings on effects of interventions for child maltreatment and by examining potential moderators of this effect, such as intervention components and study characteristics. Identifying effective components is essential for developing or improving child maltreatment interventions. A literature search yielded 121 independent studies (N = 39,044) examining the effects of interventions for preventing or reducing child maltreatment...
December 4, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204103/single-mothering-as-experienced-by-burundian-refugees-in-australia-a-qualitative-inquiry
#15
Lily P Tsai, Jennieffer A Barr, Anthony Welch
Background: Refugee mothers have fled from their homeland to escape persecutions with their children only to find other threats to their well-being in the new country. Building on previous research, it is known that being a new immigrant is challenging and requires adaptation. The adaptation process, known as acculturation, may not be successful leading to psychological distress. It is also known that a generation gap can occur when children acculturate faster than their parents. What was lacking was understanding about the experiences of single refugee mothers...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202867/testing-the-4rs-and-2ss-multiple-family-group-intervention-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Mary Acri, Emily Hamovitch, Maria Mini, Elene Garay, Claire Connolly, Mary McKay
BACKGROUND: Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) is a major mental health concern and highly prevalent among children living in poverty-impacted communities. Despite that treatments for ODD are among the most effective, few children living in poverty receive these services due to substantial barriers to access, as well as difficulties in the uptake and sustained adoption of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in community settings. The purpose of this study is to examine implementation processes that impact uptake of an evidence-based practice for childhood ODD, and the impact of a Clinic Implementation Team (CIT)-driven structured adaptation to enhance its fit within the public mental health clinic setting...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197641/primary-care-providers-use-of-a-child-psychiatry-telephone-support-program
#17
Jeanne Van Cleave, Chloe Holifield, James M Perrin
BACKGROUND: The Massachusetts Child Psychiatry Access Project (MCPAP) provides telephone support from mental health specialists to primary care providers (PCPs). Understanding PCPs' use may inform implementation of similar programs. OBJECTIVE: To examine PCPs' decision-making process to use or not use MCPAP when encountering mental health problems. METHODS: We analyzed data regarding calls from PCPs to MCPAP from 10/1/2010-7/31/2011 and interviewed fourteen PCPs with frequent use (≥7 calls) and infrequent use (≤4 calls)...
November 29, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196485/cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-assess-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-an-obesity-prevention-programme-for-chinese-primary-school-aged-children-the-chirpy-dragon-study-protocol
#18
Bai Li, Wei Jia Liu, Peymane Adab, Miranda Pallan, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew, Rong Lin, James Martin, Wei Liu, Kar Keung Cheng
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity in China has increased more rapidly and over a shorter time period than in other countries. However, there is a paucity of rigorously developed and evaluated prevention interventions. We aim to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness as well as the implementation process of a complex multicomponent intervention developed using the UK Medical Research Council (MRC) framework. This study provides one of the first examples of rigorous development and evaluation of a childhood obesity prevention programme in a non-western population using the MRC methods...
December 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193981/the-relationship-between-structure-related-food-parenting-practices-and-children-s-heightened-levels-of-self-regulation-in-eating
#19
Leslie A Frankel, Elisabeth Powell, Elena Jansen
BACKGROUND: Food parenting practices influence children's eating behaviors and weight status. Food parenting practices also influence children's self-regulatory abilities around eating, which has important implications for children's eating behaviors. The purpose of the following study is to examine use of structure-related food parenting practices and the potential impact on children's ability to self-regulate energy intake. METHODS: Parents (n = 379) of preschool age children (M = 4...
December 1, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190372/what-can-elder-mistreatment-researchers-learn-about-primary-prevention-from-family-violence-intervention-models
#20
Kylie Meyer, Jeanine Yonashiro-Cho, Zachary D Gassoumis, Laura Mosqueda, S Duke Han, Kathleen H Wilber, Rachel Pruchno
Elder mistreatment (EM) is a public health problem that harms millions of older Americans each year. Despite growing recognition of its occurrence, there are no evidence-based primary prevention programs. Although EM is distinct from other areas of family violence, including child maltreatment and intimate partner violence, common risk factors and theoretical underpinnings point to opportunities for prevention strategies. Drawing on evidence-based best practices found in other fields of family violence, we identify approaches that could be tested to prevent EM at the hands of family caregivers, who are among the most likely to commit mistreatment...
November 28, 2017: Gerontologist
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