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Child and family practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029164/aging-parents-disabilities-and-daily-support-exchanges-with-middle-aged-children
#1
Meng Huo, Jamie L Graham, Kyungmin Kim, Steven H Zarit, Karen L Fingerman
Background and Objectives: Aging parents often incur disabilities in activities of daily living, which may limit their ability to give support and necessitate increased support from middle-aged children. Research has predominantly assessed disabled parents' retrospective reports of receiving support, but we know little about their daily support exchanges with middle-aged children. This study examined practical support, emotional support, and advice that aging parents with and without disabilities provided and received from middle-aged children, and links between these support exchanges and parents' daily mood...
September 23, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027835/identifying-the-types-of-support-needed-by-interprofessional-teams-providing-pediatric-end-of-life-care-a-thematic-analysis
#2
Clare O Riotte, Stephanie K Kukora, Patricia M Keefer, Janice I Firn
BACKGROUND: Despite the number of interprofessional team members caring for children at the end of life, little evidence exists on how institutions can support their staff in providing care in these situations. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate which aspects of the hospital work environment were most helpful for multidisciplinary team members who care for patients at the end of life and identify areas for improvement to better address staff needs. DESIGN: Qualitative thematic analysis was completed of free-text comments from a survey distributed to interprofessional staff members involved in the care of a recently deceased pediatric patient...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026431/enablers-and-barriers-to-success-among-mothers-planning-to-exclusively-breastfeed-for-six-months-a-qualitative-prospective-cohort-study-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa
#3
Ngcwalisa Amanda Jama, Aurene Wilford, Zandile Masango, Lyn Haskins, Anna Coutsoudis, Lenore Spies, Christiane Horwood
BACKGROUND: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life is the most important determinant of child health and development, and is the recommended feeding practice for all mothers. However, EBF rates remain low in South Africa. This study aimed to prospectively explore enablers or barriers to success among mothers who planned to exclusively breastfeed their infants for the first six months of life, in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. METHODS: A qualitative, longitudinal cohort design was adopted...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#4
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025070/interdisciplinary-family-conferences-to-improve-patient-experience-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#5
Jennifer A Trujillo, Yesenia Fernandez, Lyla Ghafoori, Kristina Lok, Arwin Valencia
Parents play a significant role in the development of their neonate. They can affect the length of stay in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and are seen as an integral part of the team. Parents are often put in positions where difficult decision making is required of them in the care of their critically ill child. Studies suggest that one way to improve the family's experience and to encourage their involvement is by establishing a formal and focused family conference. Therefore, the NICU social workers and the interdisciplinary team collaborated to formulate strategies to improve communication that would enhance current practice...
September 15, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023907/siblings-caring-roles-in-families-with-a-child-with-epilepsy
#6
Michelle Webster
Despite large amounts of care for chronic conditions being provided within the family, information regarding the extent to which siblings contribute to informal care practices in families where a child has a chronic condition is limited. This article draws on multiple perspective data from 24 families that had a child with epilepsy. In doing so, the article illustrates siblings' significant contribution to caring for their brother or sister and further develops the alert assistant concept. Two additional distinct caring roles that the siblings took on are also outlined - the substitute parent and parenting assistant roles...
October 11, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017641/family-matters-examining-child-abuse-and-neglect-as-family-dysfunction-for-minority-youth-living-in-extreme-poverty
#7
Richard Spano, Michael A David, Sara R Jeffries, John M Bolland
Two competing models of child abuse and neglect (scapegoat vs. family dysfunction) are used to illustrate how the specification of victims ("index" victim vs. all children in household) from incidents of child abuse and neglect can be used to improve estimates of maltreatment for at-risk minority youth. Child Protection Services records were searched in 2005 for 366 "index" victims who were surveyed for 5 consecutive years (from 1998 to 2002) for the Mobile Youth Survey as well as other siblings in the household...
October 10, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994358/a-qualitative-study-conducted-in-the-usa-exploring-latino-fathers-beliefs-attitudes-and-practices-related-to-their-young-children-s-eating-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviours
#8
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mario A Muñoz, Mary L Greaney
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence documents fathers' influential role in their children's eating, physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviours (SB). We aimed to expand limited existing research examining fathers' influence in these areas by exploring Latino fathers' beliefs, attitudes and practices related to eating, PA and SB of their young children. DESIGN: Seven focus group discussions were conducted in Spanish with Latino fathers (n 28) of children aged 2-8 years...
October 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992959/a-national-survey-of-characteristics-of-child-advocacy-centers-in-the-united-states-do-the-flagship-models-match-those-in-broader-practice
#9
James Leslie Herbert, Wendy Walsh, Leah Bromfield
Child Advocacy Centers (CAC) emphasize developing effective cross-agency collaborations between workers involved in serious abuse investigations to foster improvements in agency outcomes, and to minimize distress, confusion and uncertainty for children and families. This study examined the characteristics of CACs, whether models in practice match the predominant model presented in the research literature. Directors of CACs in the United States that were members of the National Children's Alliance (NCA) mailing list (n=361) completed an online survey in 2016...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989168/-queer-family-values-and-reciprocal-ivf-what-difference-does-sexual-identity-make
#10
Amanda Roth
In this paper I employ the case of "reciprocal IVF" (R-IVF)-in which a female-female couple uses in vitro fertilization to allow one woman to be the genetic mother and the other the gestational mother of their child(ren)-to illuminate the role sexual identity might productively play in bioethics. Bioethicists who have taken up this issue have largely focused on the moral permissibility and availability of the technology, and so defend R-IVF through analogy to commonly accepted different-sex uses of IVF. In this way, they position sexual identity as largely irrelevant to the primary bioethical questions raised by R-IVF...
2017: Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988543/sociodemographic-anthropometric-and-behavioural-risk-factors-for-ultra-processed-food-consumption-in-a-sample-of-2-9-year-olds-in-brazil
#11
Laís Amaral Mais, Sarah Warkentin, Juliana Bergamo Vega, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Susan Carnell, José Augusto de Aguiar Carrazedo Taddei
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to identify food patterns among 2-9-year-olds and investigate sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural predictors of less healthy dietary patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. Parents of 2-9-year-olds completed an FFQ and factor analysis was applied to identify dietary patterns. Parents also completed questionnaires assessing sociodemographic, anthropometric and behavioural characteristics of parents and children, including parental feeding practices...
October 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988318/kim-holt-contemporary-family-justice-policy-and-practice-in-complex-child-protection-decisions-jessica-kingsley-publisher-london-uk-2016-168-pp-isbn-9781849056267
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987753/prospective-evaluation-of-physical-contact-with-critically-ill-child-on-caregiver-spiritual-wellbeing
#13
Brian D Leland, Mara E Nitu, Maureen Hancock, Karen Moody, Richard Gunderman, Elizabeth Moser, Courtney M Rowan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a pediatric intensive care unit initiative promoting physical contact between caregiver and patient improves caregiver spiritual wellbeing. The secondary objectives were to evaluate caregiver perceptions of care before and after the initiative and to follow unplanned extubation rate as a marker of safety of the initiative. We hypothesized that caregiver spiritual wellbeing and caregiver perceptions of care would improve with implementation of our physical contact initiative known as Project ROSE (Reach Out, Soothe, and Embrace)...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983715/father-s-role-in-preconception-health
#14
Milton Kotelchuck, Michael Lu
As part of the federal multi-agency conference on Paternal Involvement in Pregnancy Outcomes, the existing Fatherhood paradigm was expanded to include a new focus on Men's Preconception Health. This concept grew out of the women's preconception health movement and the maternal and child health (MCH) life course perspective, as well as pioneering research from the child development, public health data and family planning fields. It encourages a new examination of how men's preconception health impacts both reproductive outcomes and men's own subsequent health and development...
October 5, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983391/health-care-seeking-behavior-of-parents-with-acute-flaccid-paralysis-child
#15
Ayesheshem Ademe Tegegne, Amare Mengistu Mersha
INTRODUCTION: Despite the tremendous increase in the number of modern health institutions, traditional medical practices still remain alternative places of health care service delivery and important sites for disease notification in the disease surveillance system. The objectives of this study are to describe the patterns and factors associated with health care seeking behavior of parents and care takers with acute flaccid paralysis child and see how the traditional practice affect the surveillance system...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981662/the-amagugu-intervention-a-qualitative-investigation-into-maternal-experiences-and-perspectives-of-a-maternal-hiv-disclosure-support-intervention-in-rural-south-africa
#16
Ntombizodumo B Mkwanazi, Tamsen J Rochat, Ruth M Bland
The World Health Organization recommends disclosure of parental HIV to children aged 6-12 years. The maternal HIV-disclosure intervention (Amagugu), a lay counsellor-led, home-based intervention with six sessions, was implemented. The intervention included provision of disclosure tools, training and support for mothers, a family session and health promotion clinic visit for mothers and children. Amagugu demonstrated success as a maternal disclosure support programme but less is known about the experiences of participants...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981223/-child-behavior-disorder-clinical-reasoning-in-general-practice
#17
N Kacenelenbogen
CONTEXT: in Belgium 70 % of the children aged 0 - 14 years have at least one annual contact with their family doctor, while for the same period, only 6 - 12 % of them will see a neuropaediatrician and/or a child psychiatrist, despite the fact that a diagnostic of Externalizing behavior before the age of 6 to 7 years, such as various ways of aggressiveness, of anger or of stealing will very often alert the family, the staff of creches or nursery as well as the teachers. Other children are showing signs of Internalizing behavior, very often together with depression or other forms of anxiety...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981222/-abused-child-or-suspected-abused-child-caregiving
#18
B Vanthournout
Optimal care for abused children and their families can only be achieved through joint and committed endeavours from scientists, social workers and judiciary. The topic of child abuse and neglect will be introduced by a short account of the evolution of the status of the child in Western society. This clinic will be approached in its systemic dimension and will examine the place of the child in the family system and society in general. Clinical intervention intricacy as well as widely varying factors to be taken into account such as protection, ethics, therapy, way of life etc...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980520/direct-and-indirect-effects-of-parent-stress-on-child-obesity-risk-and-added-sugar-intake-in-a-sample-of-southern-california-adolescents
#19
Eleanor T Shonkoff, Genevieve F Dunton, Chih-Ping Chou, Adam M Leventhal, Ricky Bluthenthal, Mary Ann Pentz
OBJECTIVE: Research indicates that children are at higher risk for obesity if their parents have been exposed to a larger number of stressors, yet little is known about effects of parents' subjective, perceived experience of stress on children's eating behaviours and adiposity and whether weight-related parenting practices (i.e. parent rules and positive family meal practices) mediate this relationship. The present study evaluated the direct and mediated relationship between parent perceived stress and child waist circumference and parent stress and child consumption of added sugars one year later...
October 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979216/i-want-to-but-i-won-t-pluralistic-ignorance-inhibits-intentions-to-take-paternity-leave-in-japan
#20
Takeru Miyajima, Hiroyuki Yamaguchi
The number of male employees who take paternity leave in Japan has been low in past decades. However, the majority of male employees actually wish to take paternity leave if they were to have a child. Previous studies have demonstrated that the organizational climate in workplaces is the major determinant of male employees' use of family-friendly policies, because males are often stigmatized and fear receiving negative evaluation from others. While such normative pressure might be derived from prevailing social practices relevant to people's expectation of social roles (e...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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