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Chiropractic, integrative medicine, acupuncture

David M Eisenberg, Ted J Kaptchuk, Diana E Post, Andrea L Hrbek, Bonnie B O'Connor, Kamila Osypiuk, Peter M Wayne, Julie E Buring, Donald B Levy
Integrative medicine (IM) refers to the combination of conventional and "complementary" medical services (e.g., chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, mindfulness training). More than half of all medical schools in the United States and Canada have programs in IM, and more than 30 academic health centers currently deliver multidisciplinary IM care. What remains unclear, however, is the ideal delivery model (or models) whereby individuals can responsibly access IM care safely, effectively, and reproducibly in a coordinated and cost-effective way...
September 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Anna Woodbury, Stephen Neal Soong, David Fishman, Paul S García
PURPOSE: This narrative review provides an overview of the complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies that anesthesiologists and pain management practitioners commonly encounter along with recommendations for evaluation and implementation. SOURCE: A literature search of PubMed was performed using the comprehensive MeSH term, "Complementary Therapies OR Dietary Supplements", and a search was conducted of the various licensing organizations and books published on the topics of CAM and integrative medicine...
January 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Benjamin Kligler, Audrey J Brooks, Victoria Maizes, Elizabeth Goldblatt, Maryanna Klatt, Mary S Koithan, Mary Jo Kreitzer, Jeannie K Lee, Ana Marie Lopez, Hilary McClafferty, Robert Rhode, Irene Sandvold, Robert Saper, Douglas Taren, Eden Wells, Patricia Lebensohn
In October 2014, the National Center for Integrative Primary Healthcare (NCIPH) was launched as a collaboration between the University of Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine and the Academic Consortium for Integrative Health and Medicine and supported by a grant from the Health Resources and Services Administration. A primary goal of the NCIPH is to develop a core set of integrative healthcare (IH) competencies and educational programs that will span the interprofessional primary care training and practice spectra and ultimately become a required part of primary care education...
September 2015: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
Ruth Q Wolever, Nikita S Goel, Rhonda S Roberts, Karen Caldwell, Benjamin Kligler, Jeffery A Dusek, Adam Perlman, Rowena Dolor, Donald I Abrams
CONTEXT: Integrative medicine (IM) is a rapidly growing field whose providers report clinical success in treating significant stress, chronic pain, and depressive and anxiety symptoms. While IM therapies have demonstrated efficacy for numerous medical conditions, IM for psychological symptoms has been slower to gain recognition in the medical community. OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: This large, cross-sectional study is the first of its kind to document the psychosocial profiles of 4182 patients at 9 IM clinics that form the BraveNet Practice-Based Research Network (PBRN)...
July 2015: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Vijayendra Murthy, David W Sibbritt, Jon Adams
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Back pain is the most prevalent of musculoskeletal conditions, and back pain sufferers have been identified as high users of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM). Despite lacking evidence, CAM treatments (e.g., acupuncture, chiropractic, and massage) and CAM products (eg, vitamins, supplements, and aromatherapy oils) for back pain care have become widely available internationally, and CAM use by back pain sufferers has become a significant health service issue...
August 1, 2015: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Myra L Muramoto, Eva Matthews, Cheryl K Ritenbaugh, Mark A Nichter
BACKGROUND: Practitioners of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies are an important and growing presence in health care systems worldwide. A central question is whether evidence-based behavior change interventions routinely employed in conventional health care could also be integrated into CAM practice to address public health priorities. Essential for successful integration are intervention approaches deemed acceptable and consistent with practice patterns and treatment approaches of different types of CAM practitioners - that is, they have context validity...
2015: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
J A Moral-Muñoz, M J Cobo, E Peis, M Arroyo-Morales, E Herrera-Viedma
OBJECTIVES: The research in the Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) field is analyzed according to the journals indexed in ISI Web of Science. Science Mapping Analysis (SMA) is used to provide and overview of the conceptual evolution of the CAM field. METHODS: The software SciMAT is used to detect and visualize the hidden themes and their evolution over a consecutive span of years. It combines SMA and performance analysis. Twenty one journals related to CAM were analyzed, in four consecutive periods from 1974 to 2011...
April 2014: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
María Esperanza Rodríguez-van Lier, Luis Manuel Hernández Simón, Rosa Estela López Gómez, Ignacio Peón Escalante
BACKGROUND: There are various models of health care, such as the epidemiological, psychosocial, sociological, economic, systemic of Neuman, cognitive medicine or ecological, ayurvedic, supraparadigmatic among others. All of them are seeking to combine one or more elements to integrate a model of health care. The article presents a systemic approach to health care with complementary medicines such as rehabilitative acupuncture, homeopathy and chiropractic through the application of a method of holistic care and integrated approach...
2014: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
Thomas G Poder, Renald Lemieux
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and associated treatments have a considerable impact on the well-being and quality of life of pediatric oncology patients. To support children and their families, complementary and alternative medicines are seen by nurses and doctors as practical to integrate to the services offered by hospitals. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to examine if the practice of complementary and alternative medicine, specifically spiritual care and treatments based on body manipulation, is likely to improve the health and well-being of children suffering from cancer...
March 2014: Global Journal of Health Science
Karine Toupin April, Isabelle Gaboury
BACKGROUND: While some effort has been made to integrate complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) information in conventional biomedical training, it is unclear whether regulated Canadian CAM schools' students are exposed to research activities and continuing education, or whether topics such as evidence-based health care and interprofessional collaboration (IPC) are covered during their training. Since these areas are valued by the biomedical training field, this may help to bridge the attitudinal and communication gaps between these different practices...
2013: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Charles R Elder
Although acupuncture and chiropractic care have achieved some measure of acceptance within mainstream medicine, the integrative role for naturopathy has yet to be well specified. This essay provides a discussion of the potential benefits of naturopathic medicine, as well as an overview of current obstacles to its integration. Action steps toward improving communication between allopathic and naturopathic physicians are suggested.
2013: Permanente Journal
Jennifer Brett, Joseph Brimhall, Dale Healey, Joseph Pfeifer, Marcia Prenguber
This review examines the educational accreditation standards of four licensed complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) disciplines (naturopathic medicine, chiropractic health care, acupuncture and oriental medicine, and massage therapy), and identifies public health and other competencies found in those standards that contribute to cooperation and collaboration among the health care professions. These competencies may form a foundation for interprofessional education. The agencies that accredit the educational programs for each of these disciplines are individually recognized by the United States Department (Secretary) of Education...
September 2013: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Kalpana D Shere-Wolfe, Jon C Tilburt, Chris D'Adamo, Brian Berman, Margaret A Chesney
Background. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and integrative medicine (IM) modalities are widely used by patients, including those with infectious diseases (ID). Methods. One thousand randomly selected ID practitioners were surveyed. The survey was divided into domains related to familiarity and recommendation, beliefs and attitudes, and use of CAM/IM modalities. Results. The response rate was 31%. ID physicians were most familiar with vitamin and mineral supplementation (83%), massage (80%), acupuncture (79%), chiropractic (77%), yoga (74%), and herbal medicine (72%)...
2013: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Mikel Aickin, Anne McCaffery, Guy Pugh, Heather Tick, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Paul Hicks, Kenneth R Pelletier, Jennifer Cao, Dan Himick, Jennifer Monahan
Back pain consists of a spectrum of conditions, with no common etiology and therefore no dominant method of treatment. The purpose of this study is to describe the complexity of a collection of 8000 back pain patients who appeared in an integrative medicine clinic, as a prelude to conducing comparative effectiveness research on CAM alternatives to conventional therapy. Approximately 23% of all clinic patients were diagnosed at some time with back pain. Nearly half had treatment periods of less than one month, while more than 25% were treated for back pain for more than two years...
August 2013: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
McKenna Longacre, Ellen Silver-Highfield, Puja Lama, Michael Grodin
Survivors of torture and refugee trauma often have increased needs for mental and physical healthcare. This is due in part to the complex sequelae of trauma, including chronic pain, major depressive disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and somatization. This article reviews the scientific medical literature for the efficacy and feasibility of some complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) modalities including meditation, Ayurveda, pranayama/yogic breathing, massage/body-work, dance/movement, spirituality, yoga, music, Traditional Chinese Medicine and acupuncture, qigong, t'ai chi, chiropractic, homeopathy, aromatherapy and Reiki specifically with respect to survivors of torture and refugee trauma...
2012: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
Karen Denyer, Helen Smith, Kevin Davies, Rob Horne, Matthew Hankins, Karen Walker-Bone
BACKGROUND: In the UK, patients frequently choose complementary (CAM) therapies, particularly for chronic painful musculoskeletal conditions. It is widely agreed that better integration of complementary and traditional healthcare is desirable. We piloted the Benefits and Risks of Treatment Questionnaire to compare the views of different healthcare practitioners about traditional and alternative approaches in one clinical scenario in order to assess barriers to effective integration. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of healthcare practitioners (primary care practitioners, physiotherapists, pharmacists, osteopaths, chiropractors and acupuncturists) in the UK...
February 2012: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Mary Jo Kreitzer, Victor Sierpina, Susan Fleishman
Content on integrative healthcare and complementary and alternative medicine is being taught in hundreds of educational programs across the country. Nursing, medical, osteopathic, chiropractic, acupuncture, naturopathic, and other programs are finding creative and innovative ways to include these approaches in new models of education and practice. This column spotlights such innovations in integrative healthcare and CAM education and presents readers with specific educational interventions they can adapt into new or ongoing educational efforts at their institution or programs...
March 2010: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
Jon Adams, Daniel Hollenberg, Chi-Wai Lui, Alex Broom
This article argues for the importance of examining the phenomenon of integrative health care in broader social and historical contexts. The authors examine mainstream approaches to identify patterns of integrative medicine and criticize them for their neglect of clashes among different philosophical paradigms and the wider social contexts that govern health care in practice. The authors outline a framework and highlight the values of a critical social science perspective in deepening our understanding of recent transformations in health care practice and issues surrounding biomedicine and complementary/alternative medicine (including chiropractic, naturopathy, massage, acupuncture/oriental medicine, etc) and traditional medicine...
November 2009: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Ezra Cohen, Jerrilyn Cambron, Robert Shiel
OBJECTIVE: The initiation of multiple clinical programs within a previously single-purpose health care institution brings multiple health care providers together under one roof. A baseline cross-sectional survey was undertaken to measure the development of integrative care communication patterns and cross-disciplinary knowledge at a health sciences university clinic. METHODS: This study was conducted by means of 3 separate surveys administered to all complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) faculty clinicians, CAM student interns, and patients attending CAM therapy at a university clinic (National University of Health Sciences, Lombard, Ill)...
November 2009: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Donald M Marcus, Laurence McCullough
Alternative therapies are popular, and information about them should be included in the curricula of health profession schools. During 2000 to 2003, the National Institutes of Health National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine awarded five-year education grants to 14 health professions schools in the United States and to the American Medical Students Association Foundation. The purpose of the grants was to integrate evidence-based information about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) into the curriculum...
September 2009: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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