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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230432/nursing-children-and-young-people-what-mental-health-training-is-required
#1
Leah Thomas
AIM: The aim of this research was to investigate the views of children and young people's nurses on the mental health training they had received and what recommendations they would make for future staff training. METHOD: Nine such nurses who had experience of nursing young people following self-harm or a suicide attempt were recruited. Data were collected using individual 45-minute semi-structured interviews and analysed using interpretative phenomenological analysis...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229349/joint-attention-and-the-social-phenotype-of-school-aged-children-with-asd
#2
Peter Mundy, Stephanie Novotny, Lindsey Swain-Lerro, Nancy McIntyre, Matt Zajic, Tasha Oswald
The validity of joint attention assessment in school-aged children with ASD is unclear (Lord, Jones, Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry 53(5):490-509, 2012). This study examined the feasibility and validity of a parent-report measure of joint attention related behaviors in verbal children and adolescents with ASD. Fifty-two children with ASD and 34 controls were assessed with the Childhood Joint Attention Rating Scale (C-JARS). The C-JARS exhibited internally consistency, α = 0.88, and one factor explained 49% of the scale variance...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228967/self-reported-patterns-of-impairments-in-mentalization-attachment-and-psychopathology-among-clinically-referred-adolescents-with-and-without-borderline-personality-pathology
#3
Sune Bo, Mickey Kongerslev
BACKGROUND: Previous research, which primarily focused on adult samples, suggests that individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) display high levels of psychopathology, dysfunctional mentalization and problematic attachment to others. The current study investigated whether impairments in mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology are more severe in outpatient adolescents with BPD than in a clinical comparison group. METHODS: Consecutive referrals to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic were clinically assessed with a battery of self-report instruments to assess mentalization, attachment, and psychopathology...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228909/igg4-related-disease-in-an-adolescent-with-radiologic-pathologic-correlation
#4
Renato Cesar Ferreira da Silva, Scott M Lieberman, Henry T Hoffman, Bruno Policeni, Amani Bashir, Richard J H Smith, T Shawn Sato
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4RD) is an immune-mediated condition characterized by lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates and fibrosis of affected organs. IgG4RD may affect many different organs either individually or together in a multiorgan condition and, thus, incorporates a wide range of fibroinflammatory phenotypes with shared pathologic features. Although IgG4RD most commonly occurs in late adulthood, it may affect children and adolescents. Only one case of IgG4RD presenting as isolated submandibular gland involvement has been reported in the pediatric population...
March 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226698/differences-in-connectivity-patterns-between-child-and-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-patients
#5
Bo-Yong Park, Jonghoon Kim, Hyunjin Park, Bo-Yong Park, Jonghoon Kim, Hyunjin Park, Hyunjin Park, Bo-Yong Park, Jonghoon Kim
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychological disorder for a broad range of ages. Child and adolescent ADHD patients show different behavior patterns. The differences between child and adolescent ADHD patients have not been fully explored in terms of brain connectivity. In this study, we explored the differences of connectivity patterns between child and adolescent ADHD patients using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) of 52 ADHD patients (26 children and 26 adolescents)...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226305/effect-of-maternal-rumination-and-disengagement-during-childhood-on-offspring-neural-response-to-reward-in-late-adolescence
#6
Judith K Morgan, Daniel S Shaw, Rachel H Jacobs, Sarah E Romens, Stephanie L Sitnick, Erika E Forbes
Maternal rumination is a cognitive-affective trait that could influence offspring's ability to respond flexibly to positive and negative events, depending on the quality of maternal problem-solving behaviors with which rumination co-occurs. As reward circuitry is sensitive to stressors and related to risk for depression, reward circuitry is an appropriate candidate mechanism for how maternal characteristics influence offspring. We evaluated the independent and combined effect of maternal rumination and disengagement on adolescent neural response to reward win and loss...
February 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225747/effect-of-methylphenidate-on-emotional-dysregulation-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-oppositional-defiant-disorder-conduct-disorder
#7
Ayse Kutlu, Ulku Akyol Ardic, Eyup Sabri Ercan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Emotional dysregulation (ED) is a frequent feature of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It can be observed as a dysregulation profile or a deficient emotional self-regulation (DESR) profile. Oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) comorbidity is prevalent in ADHD and known to be related with ED. The first-line treatment of ADHD includes psychostimulants, but their effects on ED are not well studied. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of methylphenidate (MPH) treatment on ED in ADHD + ODD/CD cases...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223810/factors-associated-with-caregiver-burden-among-pharmacotherapy-treated-children-adolescents-with-adhd-in-the-caregiver-perspective-on-pediatric-adhd-survey-in-europe
#8
Moshe Fridman, Tobias Banaschewski, Vanja Sikirica, Javier Quintero, M Haim Erder, Kristina S Chen
BACKGROUND: Burden on caregivers of children/adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is multidimensional, but incompletely understood. OBJECTIVE: To analyze caregiver burden across the concepts of work, social/family life, and parental worry/stress, in relation to selected contributing factors. METHODS: The online Caregiver Perspective on Pediatric ADHD survey was fielded in ten European countries. Analysis included children/adolescents (6-17 years) who were receiving/had received ADHD pharmacotherapy in the previous 6 months...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222677/molecular-characterization-of-invasive-capsule-null-neisseria-meningitidis-in-south-africa
#9
Karistha Ganesh, Mushal Allam, Nicole Wolter, Holly B Bratcher, Odile B Harrison, Jay Lucidarme, Ray Borrow, Linda de Gouveia, Susan Meiring, Monica Birkhead, Martin C J Maiden, Anne von Gottberg, Mignon du Plessis
BACKGROUND: The meningococcal capsule is an important virulence determinant. Unencapsulated meningococci lacking capsule biosynthesis genes and containing the capsule null locus (cnl) are predominantly non-pathogenic. Rare cases of invasive meningococcal disease caused by cnl isolates belonging to sequence types (ST) and clonal complexes (cc) ST-845 (cc845), ST-198 (cc198), ST-192 (cc192) and ST-53 (cc53) have been documented. The clinical significance of these isolates however remains unclear...
February 21, 2017: BMC Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222232/dietary-total-antioxidant-capacity-in-early-school-age-and-subsequent-allergic-disease
#10
Anna Gref, Susanne Rautiainen, Olena Gruzieva, Niclas Håkansson, Inger Kull, Göran Pershagen, Magnus Wickman, Alicja Wolk, Erik Melén, Anna Bergström
BACKGROUND: Dietary antioxidant intake has been hypothesized to influence the development of allergic diseases, however, few prospective studies have investigated this association. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the association between total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of the diet at age 8 years and the subsequent development of asthma, rhinitis and sensitization to inhalant allergens between 8 and 16 years, and to assess potential effect modification by known risk factors...
February 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221731/identifying-a-conceptual-shift-in-child-and-adolescent-reported-treatment-decision-making-having-a-say-as-i-need-at-this-time
#11
Katherine Patterson Kelly, Catriona Mowbray, Kimberly Pyke-Grimm, Pamela S Hinds
BACKGROUND: Professional organizations and governments recommend child and adolescent involvement in cancer treatment decision making (TDM) despite minimal evidence that children prefer involvement, how best to include them, and the result of doing so. PROCEDURE: Using descriptive qualitative research methods, we interviewed 20 children ages 9-17 years about their TDM preferences and experiences. We shifted our conceptualizations as findings emerged about how children with cancer viewed their decisional experiences...
April 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220340/preventing-youth-from-falling-through-the-cracks-between-child-adolescent-and-adult-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review-of-models-of-care
#12
Tram Nguyen, Mark G Embrett, Neil G Barr, Gillian M Mulvale, Diana K Vania, Glen E Randall, Briano DiRezze
Optimizing the transition between child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) and adult mental health services (AMHS) is a priority for healthcare systems. The purpose of this systematic review is to: (1) identify and compare models of care that may be used to facilitate the transition from CAMHS to AMHS; and (2) discuss trends and implications to inform future research and practice. Results identified three models of care which move beyond healthcare services and incorporate a broader range of services that better meet the dynamic needs of transition-aged youth...
February 20, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220099/suppression-benefits-boys-in-taiwan-the-relation-between-gender-emotional-regulation-strategy-and-mental-health
#13
Kuang-Hui Yeh, Olwen Bedford, Chih-Wen Wu, Shu-Yi Wang, Nai-Shing Yen
Emotion regulation (ER) strategies have a clear impact on mental health outcomes. In 2 studies (N = 695, N = 433) we investigated gender differences in the use of 2 ER strategies (reappraisal and suppression) to handle parent-child conflict in Taiwanese adolescents. We also identified the implications of these differences for some negative emotions (self-blame and resentment) and internalizing problems (psychosomatic symptoms and social withdrawal). Results of the correlation analyses in both studies indicated that reappraisal and suppression ER strategies are positively correlated only in male Taiwanese adolescents...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219392/meaning-and-barriers-to-quality-care-service-provision-in-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-qualitative-study-of-stakeholder-perspectives
#14
Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Pablo Ronzoni, Nisha Dogra
BACKGROUND: Defining quality in health presents many challenges. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) defined quality clinical care as care that is equitable, timely, safe, efficient, effective and patient centred. However, it is not clear how different stakeholders within a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) understand and/or apply this framework. This project aims to identify key stakeholders" understanding of the meaning of quality in the context of CAMHS. METHOD: The study sample comprised of three groups: (i) patients and carers, (ii) CAMHS clinical staff, and (iii) commissioners (Total N = 24)...
February 20, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218067/melanocortin-4-receptor-gene-mutations-in-a-group-of-turkish-obese-children-and-adolescents
#15
Selma Tunç, Korcan Demir, Fatma Ajlan Tükün, Cihan Topal, Filiz Hazan, Burcu Sağlam, Özlem Nalbantoğlu, Melek Yıldız, Behzat Özkan
OBJECTIVE: Melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) mutations are the most common known cause of monogenic obesity but there is limited data regarding MC4R mutations in Turkish subjects. To determine the prevalence of MC4R mutations in a group of Turkish morbid obese children and adolescents. METHODS: MC4R was sequenced in 47 consecutive morbidly obese children and adolescents (28 girls and 19 boys, aged 1-18 years) who presented during a 1-year period. Inclusion criterion was a BMI ≥120% of the 95th percentile or ≥35 kg/m2...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217601/prevalence-of-rubella-specific-igg-antibodies-in-unimmunized-young-female-population
#16
Jayakrishnan Thayyil, Vidya Kuniyil, Anitha P Moorkoth, Bhaskar Rao, Paramasivam Selvam
CONTEXT: Rubella is a mild self-limiting disease all over the world; nevertheless, it is of significant public health importance due to its teratogenic effect of congenital rubella syndrome. Rubella vaccine is currently not included in the national immunization program in India. Rubella-specific IgG in the unvaccinated population is a marker of previous rubella infection. Rubella IgG estimation in children will provide data for initiation and necessary modification to the immunization strategy...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215580/deviant-peers-as-a-mediator-of-pubertal-timing-substance-use-associations-the-moderating-role-of-parental-knowledge
#17
Kristine Marceau, Kristina Jackson
PURPOSE: Early perceived pubertal timing and faster maturation have been linked to increased risk of adolescent substance use (SU), particularly for girls, but the mechanisms underlying this association are not well understood. We sought to replicate and extend findings from Westling et al. (2008) showing that peer deviance mediates the link between early puberty and SU with stronger pathways in the context of low parental knowledge of adolescents' whereabouts and activities. METHODS: Participants (n = 1,023; 52% female, 24% nonwhite, and 12% Hispanic) were recruited through middle schools...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215256/the-association-between-chronotype-and-sleep-problems-in-preschool-children
#18
Nur K Jafar, Elaine K H Tham, Derric Z H Eng, Daniel Y T Goh, Oon-Hoe Teoh, Yung S Lee, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Fabian Yap, Yap Seng Chong, Michael J Meaney, Joshua J Gooley, Birit F P Broekman
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents and adults who are evening-types exhibit shorter sleep duration and more sleep problems than individuals with an earlier chronotype. We hypothesized that already at a preschool age, evening-types would exhibit more sleep problems relative to children who are morning or intermediate chronotypes. The aim of this study was to examine the association between chronotype and sleep problems among preschool children. METHODS: We studied a subset of typically-developing 4...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215240/morningness-eveningness-correlates-with-sleep-time-quality-and-hygiene-in-secondary-school-students-a-multilevel-analysis
#19
Christian Vollmer, Konrad S Jankowski, Juan F Díaz-Morales, Heike Itzek-Greulich, Peter Wüst-Ackermann, Christoph Randler
At the onset of puberty, students shift their sleep to later hours, but school starts early. It is suggested that evening orientation and early school start times do not go well together. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate sleep problems in adolescence, and it was expected that the adolescents' eveningness orientation is associated with many sleep-related problems. Students of secondary education (n = 3201; mean = 13.8 ± 1.8 years) filled out a self-report questionnaire containing measures of morningness-eveningness, sleep time (midpoint of sleep, social "jetlag"), sleep length (on schooldays and on weekends), sleep quality, and sleep hygiene as well as questions on electronic screen media use...
February 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#20
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
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