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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457645/research-review-test-retest-reliability-of-standardized-diagnostic-interviews-to-assess-child-and-adolescent-psychiatric-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Laura Duncan, Jinette Comeau, Li Wang, Irene Vitoroulis, Michael H Boyle, Kathryn Bennett
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of factors contributing to the observed variability in estimates of test-retest reliability in published studies on standardized diagnostic interviews (SDI) is needed. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to estimate the pooled test-retest reliability for parent and youth assessments of seven common disorders, and to examine sources of between-study heterogeneity in reliability. METHODS: Following a systematic review of the literature, multilevel random effects meta-analyses were used to analyse 202 reliability estimates (Cohen's kappa = ҡ) from 31 eligible studies and 5,369 assessments of 3,344 children and youth...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#2
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456984/the-efficacy-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-the-anxiety-disorders-among-adolescent-girls
#3
Afsaneh Karbasi, Azadeh Haratian
Background: The prevalence of anxiety disorders among children and adolescents are found to be approximately between 8-12 and 5-10, respectively, and the long-lasting effects of such disorders can expose the sufferers to impairment and dysfunction in several areas of life the examples of which are poor educational performance, low self-esteem, and depression. The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of internet-based, cognitive-behavioral therapy (ICBT) in treating the anxiety disorders among adolescent females...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456309/idiopathic-peripheral-ossifying-fibroma-in-a-young-adolescent-girl-a-very-rare-clinical-presentation
#4
Shaik Hasanuddin, Yempati Malleshwar
The use of the term "fibroma" for any soft-tissue lesion or gingival lesion by general practitioners has led to inadequate diagnosis of quite a few rare entities. The occurrence of gingival lesions in adolescent female patients is a routine clinical finding. The site of occurrence of such a lesion is of prime significance, as the rarity of these lesions is determined by the site and size of the lesion. On the other hand, the dilemma over the diagnosis of peripheral ossifying fibroma (POF) versus peripheral odontogenic fibroma still continues...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455855/impact-of-degree-of-obesity-on-sleep-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-youth
#5
Brandi N Whitaker, Paige L Fisher, Supriya Jambhekar, Gulnur Com, Samiya Razzaq, Julia E Thompson, Todd G Nick, Wendy L Ward
OBJECTIVE: Obese youth are more likely to report difficulties with sleep, depression, and quality of life (QOL). This study aims to characterize sleep problems, QOL, and symptoms of depression by degree of obesity. METHOD: The cross-sectional study was conducted in a specialized obesity clinic. Obese youth and their caregivers (N = 150) were evaluated with the Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire and Pediatric Quality of Life. Youth completed the Children's Depression Inventory...
March 2018: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455566/-he-supported-me-100-mexican-immigrant-fathers-daughters-and-adolescent-sexual-health
#6
Kate Coleman-Minahan, Goleen Samari
OBJECTIVE: First and second generation Mexican-origin adolescents in the U.S. face social and economic disadvantage and sexual health disparities. Although fathers can support child and adolescent development, the literature has portrayed Mexican-origin immigrant fathers as emotionally distant and sexist. This study aims to treat migration as a social determinant of health to examine father-daughter relationships and adolescent sexual health in Mexican-origin immigrant families. METHODS: Integrating qualitative data from life history interviews with 21 Mexican-origin young women in immigrant families with quantitative data on first and second generation Mexican-origin young women in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, this study describes father-daughter relationships, examines the association between father-daughter relationships and daughters' early sexual initiation, and considers the impact of migration on the father-daughter relationship and sexual health among Mexican-origin young women...
February 19, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455392/the-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-quality-of-life-in-short-stature-youth-qolissy-instrument-for-german-children-born-small-for-gestational-age
#7
R Sommer, J Blömeke, M Bullinger, J Quitmann
PURPOSE: This study aimed to validate the disease-specific "quality of life in short stature youth (QoLISSY)-instrument" that assessesQuery the health-related quality of life (HrQoL) in German children and adolescents diagnosed as small for gestational age (SGA) in a patient and parent report. METHODS: The psychometric performance of the German version of the QoLISSY questionnaire was examined in terms of reliability and validity in 65 SGA families (17 child reports/64 parent reports) and compared to the psychometric performance of the original European QoLISSY dataset of over 200 children with growth hormone deficiency and idiopathic short stature (ISS)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455264/mortality-rate-and-predictors-in-children-under-15-years-old-who-acquired-hiv-from-mother-to-child-transmission-in-paraguay
#8
Gloria Aguilar, Angélica Espinosa Miranda, George W Rutherford, Sergio Munoz, Nancy Hills, Tania Samudio, Fernando Galeano, Anibal Kawabata, Carlos Miguel Rios González
We estimated mortality rate and predictors of death in children and adolescents who acquired HIV through mother-to-child transmission in Paraguay. In 2000-2014, we conducted a cohort study among children and adolescents aged < 15 years. We abstracted data from medical records and death certificates. We used the Cox proportional hazards model for the multivariable analysis of mortality predictors. A total of 302 subjects were included in the survey; 216 (71.5%) were younger than 5 years, 148 (51.0%) were male, and 214 (70...
February 17, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454258/the-role-of-dissociation-in-revictimization-across-the-lifespan-a-32-year-prospective-study
#9
Osnat Zamir, Ohad Szepsenwol, Michelle M Englund, Jeffry A Simpson
Exposure to childhood abuse puts women at risk for revictimization in adult intimate relationships, but knowledge about the mechanism by which it occurs is limited. The present study investigated whether dissociation mediates the effect of exposure to physical or sexual child abuse on intimate partner violence in adulthood. We tested this using prospective data collected from birth to age 32 from 80 female participants in the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation. We found that women who experienced sexual or physical abuse during the first 17...
February 14, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454168/genetic-and-environmental-influences-on-pubertal-hormones-in-human-hair-across-development
#10
Andrew D Grotzinger, Daniel A Briley, Laura E Engelhardt, Frank D Mann, Megan W Patterson, Jennifer L Tackett, Elliot M Tucker-Drob, K Paige Harden
Puberty is a complex biopsychosocial process that can affect an array of psychiatric and medical disorders emerging in adolescence. Although the pubertal process is driven by neuroendocrine changes, few quantitative genetic studies have directly measured puberty-relevant hormones. Hair samples can now be assayed for accumulation of hormones over several months. In contrast to more conventional salivary measures, hair measures are not confounded by diurnal variation or hormonal reactivity. In an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of 1286 child and adolescent twins and multiples from 672 unique families, we estimated genetic and environmental influences on hair concentrations of testosterone, DHEA, and progesterone across the period of 8-18 years of age...
February 12, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453505/does-hope-matter-associations-among-self-reported-hope-anxiety-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#11
Ana Rita Martins, Carla Crespo, Ágata Salvador, Susana Santos, Carlos Carona, Maria Cristina Canavarro
This study aimed to examine the direct and indirect effects of hope on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) via anxiety of children/adolescents with cancer. We proposed to test if the mediation model was moderated by the child/adolescent's treatment status. The participants were 211 children/adolescents diagnosed with cancer, divided into two clinical groups according to treatment status: 97 patients on-treatment and 114 off-treatment. Self-reported questionnaires measured the youths' hope, anxiety, and HRQoL perceptions...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453502/parenting-wisely-six-months-later-how-implementation-delivery-impacts-program-effects-at-follow-up
#12
Katie Cotter Stalker, Roderick A Rose, Martica Bacallao, Paul R Smokowski
We evaluated the effectiveness of the Parenting Wisely (PW) program 6 months post intervention and assessed differences based on delivery format. Using a quasi-experimental design, parents (N = 311) participated in the PW program in one of five formats (i.e., parents-only intensive workshop, parents-only 5-week group, parents and adolescents 5-week group, parent and adolescent online, and parent-only online format). An additional 53 parents served as a comparison group. We used the McMaster Family Assessment Device, the Child Behavior Checklist, and the Violent Behavior Checklist to measure family functioning, parenting, and adolescent behavior...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453464/dietitian-led-lifestyle-modification-programme-for-obese-chinese-adolescents-with-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
D F Y Chan, H K So, S C N Hui, R S M Chan, A M Li, M M Sea, W C W Chu, M Chan, J Woo, E A S Nelson
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in children is increasing. This study evaluated the efficacy of a dietitian-led lifestyle modification programme (D-LMP) to reduce NAFLD in obese adolescents. METHODS: Subjects with intra-hepatic triglyceride content (IHTC) equal to or greater than 5% diagnosed by proton-magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1 H-MRS) were enroled and randomly assigned to either the D-LMP intervention or conventional paediatrician-led consultation (P-CON) group...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453304/protocol-investigating-the-clinical-utility-of-an-objective-measure-of-attention-impulsivity-and-activity-qbtest-for-optimising-medication-management-in-children-and-young-people-with-adhd-qbtest-utility-for-optimising-treatment-in-adhd-quota-a-feasibility
#14
Charlotte L Hall, Marilyn James, Sue Brown, Jennifer L Martin, Nikki Brown, Kim Selby, Julie Clarke, Hena Vijayan, Boliang Guo, Kapil Sayal, Chris Hollis, Madeleine J Groom
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterised by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity and impulsivity. To improve outcomes, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence ADHD guidelines recommend regular monitoring of symptoms when children commence medication. However, research suggests that routine monitoring rarely happens, and clinicians often rely on subjective information such as reports from parents and teachers to ascertain improvement...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452377/discordance-in-the-dependence-on-kisspeptin-signaling-in-mini-puberty-vs-adolescent-puberty-human-genetic-evidence
#15
Muhammad Shahab, Margaret Lippincott, Yee-Ming Chan, Addie Davies, Paulina M Merino, Lacey Plummer, Veronica Mericq, Stephanie Seminara
Context: Hypothalamic kisspeptin signaling plays a critical role in the initiation and maintenance of reproductive function. Biallelic mutations in the coding sequence of KISS1R (GPR54) have been identified in patients with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH), but it is unknown whether biallelic variants can also be associated with related reproductive disorders. Case description: A missense homozygous variant (c.890G>T p.R297L) in KISS1R was identified in a child who presented with microphallus and bilateral cryptorchidism...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449180/effectiveness-of-systemic-family-therapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-young-people-after-self-harm-a-pragmatic-phase-3-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
David J Cottrell, Alexandra Wright-Hughes, Michelle Collinson, Paula Boston, Ivan Eisler, Sarah Fortune, Elizabeth H Graham, Jonathon Green, Allan O House, Michael Kerfoot, David W Owens, Eirini-Christina Saloniki, Mima Simic, Fiona Lambert, Justine Rothwell, Sandy Tubeuf, Amanda J Farrin
BACKGROUND: Self-harm in adolescents is common and repetition occurs in a high proportion of these cases. Scarce evidence exists for effectiveness of interventions to reduce self-harm. METHODS: This pragmatic, multicentre, randomised, controlled trial of family therapy versus treatment as usual was done at 40 UK Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) centres. We recruited young people aged 11-17 years who had self-harmed at least twice and presented to CAMHS after self-harm...
February 12, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449139/problems-with-access-to-dental-treatment-for-children-with-epilepsy
#17
Maria Mielnik-Błaszczak, Agnieszka Skawińska-Bednarczyk, Artur Michałowski, Jerzy Błaszczak
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is a common medical disorder and due to a variety of barriers, people with epilepsy may not have access to needed healthcare services, particularly based on their place of residence. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess access to dental treatment in children and adolescents with epilepsy in Lublin Voivodeship. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Clinical and questionnaire examinations were performed in 107 children and young people, of both sexes, in the ages between 6 and 18years old from the Lublin macroregion...
February 12, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449100/hepatitis-a-vaccination-coverage-among-adolescents-13-17-years-in-the-united-states-2008-2016
#18
Noele P Nelson, David Yankey, James A Singleton, Laurie D Elam-Evans
BACKGROUND: The hepatitis A (HepA) vaccine was recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) incrementally from 1996 to 1999. In 2006, HepA vaccine was recommended (1) universally for children aged 12-23 months, (2) for persons who are at increased risk for infection, or (3) for any person wishing to obtain immunity. Catch-up vaccination can be considered. OBJECTIVE: To assess HepA vaccine coverage among adolescents and factors independently associated with vaccination administration in the US...
February 12, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448186/cognitive-development-in-children-of-adolescent-mothers-the-impact-of-socioeconomic-risk-and-maternal-sensitivity
#19
Christine Firk, Kerstin Konrad, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Wolfgang Scharke, Brigitte Dahmen
BACKGROUND: Adolescent motherhood is accompanied by a constellation of risk factors that translate into developmental risk for the off-spring. Socioeconomic risk that is associated with adolescent motherhood as well as maternal interactive behaviors may contribute to the impact of adolescent motherhood on children's developmental outcome. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the aim of the current study was to investigate differences in children's cognitive development between children of adolescent and adult mothers in their first two years of life and to examine whether socioeconomic risk (e...
February 12, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448135/the-effect-of-adding-coping-power-program-sweden-to-parent-management-training-effects-and-moderators-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Maria Helander, John Lochman, Jens Högström, Brjánn Ljótsson, Clara Hellner, Pia Enebrink
For children with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), Parent Management Training (PMT) is a recommended treatment in addition to child Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (child-CBT). There is however a lack of studies investigating the additive effect of group-based child-CBT to PMT for children between 8 and 12 years. The current study investigated the incremental effect of group-based child-CBT, based on the Coping Power Program, when added to the Swedish group-based PMT program KOMET. Outcomes were child behavior problems, child prosocial behavior, parenting skills and the moderating effect of child characteristics...
February 5, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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