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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530511/wnt-signaling-related-osteokines-and-transforming-growth-factors-before-and-after-a-single-bout-of-plyometric-exercise-in-child-and-adolescent-females
#1
Jennifer Dekker, Katlynne Nelson, Nigel Kurgan, Bareket Falk, Andrea Josse, Panagiota Klentrou
This study examined resting levels of catabolic and anabolic osteokines related to Wnt signaling and their responses to a single bout of plyometric exercise in child and adolescent females. Fourteen pre-menarcheal girls (10.5 ± 1.8 years old) and 12 post-menarcheal adolescent girls (15.0 ± 1.0 years old) performed a plyometric exercise trial. One resting and three post-exercise blood samples (5 min, 1h, 24h post-exercise) were analysed for sclerostin (SOST), dickkopf-1 (DKK-1), osteoprotegerin (OPG), receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-β ligand (RANKL) and transforming growth factors (TGF-β1, TGF-β2 and TGF-β3)...
May 22, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530431/socioeconomic-status-and-parenting-during-adolescence-in-relation-to-ideal-cardiovascular-health-in-black-and-white-men
#2
Karen A Matthews, Jennifer M Boylan, Karen P Jakubowski, Jenny M Cundiff, Laisze Lee, Dustin A Pardini, J Richard Jennings
OBJECTIVE: American Heart Association (AHA) developed a new metric to evaluate ideal cardiovascular health based on optimal levels of 7 cardiovascular risk factors and health behaviors. We evaluated the relationships of parenting characteristics and academic achievement in adolescence in relation to ideal cardiovascular health in midlife men. METHOD: We measured cardiovascular risk factors in 171 Black and 136 White men and their ideal cardiovascular health score was constructed based on AHA guidelines...
May 22, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528806/educational-neglect-understanding-20-years-of-child-welfare-trends
#3
Melissa Van Wert, Barbara Fallon, Nico Trocmé, Delphine Collin-Vézina
Educational neglect is an understudied phenomenon that is difficult to define and also to address. While it is clear that attending to children's academic needs is important to child development, few studies focus on educational neglect and therefore little is known about its associated risk factors and the outcomes following this form of maltreatment. The purpose of this research was to (a) determine the rate at which child welfare service providers investigate educational neglect in Canada and identify any trends in rates over time, (b) better understand educational neglect and its distinction from other types of neglect and truancy, and (c) understand how child welfare services respond to allegations of educational neglect...
May 18, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527100/parents-expectations-of-high-schools-in-firearm-violence-prevention
#4
Erica Payton, Jagdish Khubchandani, Amy Thompson, James H Price
Firearm violence remains a significant problem in the US (with 2787 adolescents killed in 2015). However, the research on school firearm violence prevention practices and policies is scant. Parents are major stakeholders in relation to firearm violence by youths and school safety in general. The purpose of this study was to examine what parents thought schools should be doing to reduce the risk of firearm violence in schools. A valid and reliable questionnaire was mailed to a national random sample of 600 parents who had at least one child enrolled in a public secondary school (response rate = 47%)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527096/childhood-predictors-of-young-adult-social-functioning-in-22q11-2-deletion-syndrome
#5
Kayla E Wagner, Wendy R Kates, Wanda Fremont, Kevin M Antshel
The primary objectives of the current prospective longitudinal study were to (a) describe social functioning outcomes and (b) identify childhood predictors of social functioning in young adults with 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS). Childhood predictors of young adult social functioning were examined. Family environment and parental stress in adolescence were investigated as potential mediators between childhood variables and adult social functioning. Parent rated childhood internalizing symptoms significantly predicted young adult social functioning in 22q11...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527085/the-use-of-nutraceutics-in-children-s-and-adolescent-s-headache
#6
R Sangermani, A Boncimino
Nutraceutics are the most used non-pharmacological remedies for migraine's prophylaxis in children and adolescents. Doctors interested in use of nutraceuticals for a complete treatment of children's headache should be adequately informed on this treatments' efficacy and safety. Actually there is a lack of official guidelines about use of nutraceuticals in migraine's prevention in children and adolescent and there are few studies with limited efficacy evidences. The most used nutraceuticals for adolescent's and children's headache prophylaxis are: magnesium, coenzyme Q10, riboflavin, butterbur, feverfew and melatonin...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526670/social-media-and-sexual-behavior-among-adolescents-is-there-a-link
#7
Megan Landry, Monique Turner, Amita Vyas, Susan Wood
BACKGROUND: Adolescent sexual risk taking and its consequences remain a global public health concern. Empirical evidence on the impact that social media has on sexual health behaviors among youth is sparse. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the relationship between social media and the change in sexual risk over time and whether parental monitoring moderates this relationship. METHODS: This study comprised a sample of 555 Latino youth aged 13-19 years from Maryland, United States completing baseline and follow-up surveys...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524211/-rehabilitation-treatment-in-child-and-youth-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury
#8
M T Varas-Arias, S Rodriguez-Palero
Brain injury is one of the most frequent causes of death and disability in the child and adolescent. The improvement in patient care in the acute moment and the evolution of health care has meant and increase in the survival of these patients and also of the sequelae. Physical, cognitive-behavioral or organic symptoms are usually. The second is being one of the most frequent and most limiting in these patients. The brain injury affects the patient but involves the whole family because of the disability and the dependence it entails...
May 17, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523852/preparing-adolescents-with-heart-problems-for-transition-to-adult-care-2009-2010-national-survey-of-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#9
Karrie F Downing, Matthew E Oster, Sherry L Farr
OBJECTIVE: A substantial percentage of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) fail to transfer to adult care, resulting in increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Transition planning discussions with a provider may increase rates of transfer, yet little is known about frequency and content of these discussions. We assessed prevalence and predictors of transition-related discussions between providers and parents of children with special healthcare needs (CSHCN) and heart problems, including CHD...
May 19, 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523136/phenotypic-presentation-of-chronic-cough-in-children
#10
EDITORIAL
Ahmad Kantar
Chronic cough in children is increasingly defined as a cough that lasts more than four weeks. It is recognized as a different entity than cough in adults. As a result, the diagnostic approach and management of chronic cough in children are no longer extrapolated from adult guidelines. These differences are attributed to the various characteristics of the respiratory tract, immunological system and nervous system in children. Specific paediatric guidelines and algorithms for chronic cough are now widely applied...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521251/the-protective-effect-of-character-maturity-in-child-aggressive-antisocial-behavior
#11
Nóra Kerekes, Örjan Falk, Sven Brändström, Henrik Anckarsäter, Maria Råstam, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Childhood aggressive antisocial behavior (CD) is one of the strongest predictors of mental health problems and criminal behavior in adulthood. The aims of this study were to describe personality profiles in children with CD, and to determine the strength of association between defined neurodevelopmental symptoms, dimensions of character maturity and CD. METHODS: A sample of 1886 children with a close to equal distribution of age (9 or 12) and gender, enriched for neurodevelopmental and psychiatric problems were selected from the nationwide Child and Adolescent Twin Study in Sweden...
April 29, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516823/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-with-chronic-heart-disease
#12
Mandy Niemitz, Diana C M Gunst, Hedwig H Hövels-Gürich, Michael Hofbeck, Renate Kaulitz, Christoph Galm, Felix Berger, Nicole Nagdyman, Brigitte Stiller, Thomas Borth-Bruhns, Ines Konzag, Christian Balmer, Lutz Goldbeck
OBJECTIVE: Chronic paediatric heart disease is often associated with residual symptoms, persisting functional restrictions, and late sequelae for psychosocial development. It is, therefore, increasingly important to evaluate the health-related quality of life of children and adolescents with chronic heart disease. The aim of this study was to determine medical and socio-demographic variables affecting health-related quality of life in school-aged children and adolescents with chronic heart disease...
May 18, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515196/cost-effectiveness-of-therapist-guided-internet-delivered-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-paediatric-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-results-from-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Fabian Lenhard, Richard Ssegonja, Erik Andersson, Inna Feldman, Christian Rück, David Mataix-Cols, Eva Serlachius
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of a therapist-guided internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) intervention for adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) compared with untreated patients on a waitlist. DESIGN: Single-blinded randomised controlled trial. SETTING: A research clinic within the regular child and adolescent mental health service in Stockholm, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-seven adolescents (12-17 years) with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fifth Edition diagnosis of OCD...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515007/effects-of-maternal-traumatic-distress-on-family-functioning-and-child-mental-health-an-examination-of-southeast-asian-refugee-families-in-the-u-s
#14
Cindy C Sangalang, Justin Jager, Tracy W Harachi
BACKGROUND: The psychological effects of trauma are well-documented among refugee adults and children alone, yet less research has attended to the intergenerational transmission of trauma within refugee families. Additionally, there is considerable diversity between refugee populations as well as within-group variation in the experiences and effects of refugee trauma. OBJECTIVE: The current study examines the longitudinal effects of maternal traumatic distress on family functioning and child mental health outcomes among Southeast Asian refugee women and their adolescent children...
May 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513530/an-analysis-of-child-deaths-by-suicide-in-queensland-australia-2004-2012-what-are-we-missing-from-a-preventative-health-services-perspective
#15
Florin Oprescu, Bridie Scott-Parker, Jeanne Dayton
BACKGROUND: This article analyses case descriptions of child suicides from 2004 to 2012 toinform future policy and practice. METHODS: Quantitative data and case descriptions for 159 child suicides (under 18 years) in Queensland, Australia, were analysed quantitatively using SPSS and qualitatively using automated content analyzis (Leximancer). RESULTS: More than three quarters of child suicides involved hanging and 81% of suicides occurred in the family home...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Injury & Violence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513190/prevalence-and-correlates-of-bullying-victimisation-and-perpetration-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-youth
#16
Hannah J Thomas, Jason P Connor, David M Lawrence, Jennifer M Hafekost, Stephen R Zubrick, James G Scott
OBJECTIVE: Bullying prevalence studies are limited by varied measurement methods and a lack of representative samples. This study estimated the national prevalence of bullying victimisation, perpetration and combined victim-perpetration experiences in a representative population-based sample of Australian youth. The relationships between the three types of bullying involvement with a range of mental health symptoms and diagnoses were also examined. METHODS: A randomly selected nationally representative sample aged 11-17 years ( N = 2967, Mage = 14...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511689/harnessing-interactive-technologies-to-improve-health-outcomes-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#17
REVIEW
Andrea Coda, Dean Sculley, Derek Santos, Xavier Girones, Lucie Brosseau, Derek R Smith, Joshua Burns, Keith Rome, Jane Munro, Davinder Singh-Grewal
BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents with Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) typically have reduced physical activity level and impaired aerobic and anaerobic exercise capacity when compared to their non-JIA counterparts. Low intensity exercise regimens appear to be safe in children with JIA and may results in improvements in overall physical function. Poor adherence to paediatric rheumatology treatment may lead to negative clinical outcomes and possibly increased disease activity. This includes symptoms such as pain, fatigue, quality of life, longer term outcomes including joint damage, as well as increase of healthcare associated costs...
May 16, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509853/predictors-of-caregiver-burden-among-mothers-of-children-with-chronic-conditions
#18
Karina Javalkar, Eniko Rak, Alexandra Phillips, Cara Haberman, Maria Ferris, Miranda Van Tilburg
OBJECTIVE: The complex medical regimens of children and adolescents with chronic conditions can have a significant impact on families and households. Caregivers may experience burden, which can lead to negative health consequences and poor quality of life. The objective of this study was to determine child-related predictors and risk factors for caregiver burden among parents of children with chronic conditions. METHODS: We distributed an institutional review board (IRB)-approved, online cross-sectional survey to parents of children who attended the Victory Junction therapeutic camp...
May 16, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508738/social-ecological-predictors-of-externalizing-behavior-trajectories-in-at-risk-youth
#19
Caleb J Figge, Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Jessica E Weeks
Extant research consistently links youth externalizing problems and later maladaptive outcomes, and these behaviors are particularly detrimental given their relative stability across development. Although an array of risk and protective factors for externalizing problems have been identified, few studies have examined factors reflecting the multiple social-ecological levels that influence child development and used them to predict longitudinal trajectories of externalizing problems. The current study examined externalizing behavior trajectories in a sample of 1,094 at-risk youth (539 boys, 555 girls) from the Longitudinal Studies in Child Abuse and Neglect multisite longitudinal study of child maltreatment...
May 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508736/out-of-harm-s-way-secure-versus-insecure-disorganized-attachment-predicts-less-adolescent-risk-taking-related-to-childhood-poverty
#20
Brianna C Delker, Rosemary E Bernstein, Heidemarie K Laurent
Although some risk taking in adolescence is normative, evidence suggests that adolescents raised in conditions of socioeconomic disadvantage are disproportionately burdened with risk taking and its negative consequences. Using longitudinal data from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, we investigated quality of the early caregiving environment as a potential prospective buffer against the long-term association between childhood poverty and adolescent risk taking. Multicategorical moderation model results indicated that if raised in poverty across age 1-54 months (average family income to needs ratio ≤ 1...
May 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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