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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641131/children-s-brain-activation-during-risky-decision-making-a-contributor-to-substance-problems
#1
Thomas J Crowley, Manish S Dalwani, Joseph T Sakai, Kristen M Raymond, Shannon K McWilliams, Marie T Banich, Susan K Mikulich-Gilbertson
OBJECTIVE: Among young children excessive externalizing behaviors often predict adolescent conduct and substance use disorders. Adolescents with those disorders show aberrant brain function when choosing between risky or cautious options. We therefore asked whether similarly aberrant brain function during risky decision-making accompanies excessive externalizing behaviors among children, hypothesizing an association between externalizing severity and regional intensity of brain activation during risky decision-making...
June 4, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641122/working-with-parents-to-treat-anxiety-disordered-children-a-proof-of-concept-rct-evaluating-fear-less-triple-p
#2
Vanessa E Cobham, Ania Filus, Matthew R Sanders
Little is known about the efficacy of parent-only interventions and the maintenance of gains over time with anxiety-disordered children and adolescents. The current study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a 6-session parent-focused intervention (Fear-less Triple P) in reducing children's anxiety symptomatology. The parents of 61 anxiety-disordered children (7-14 years) were randomly assigned to either the 6-session parent-only group CBT intervention or a wait-list control (WL) group. Diagnostic and questionnaire measures were administered at post-treatment; as well as 3-, 6- and 12 months following the completion of treatment...
June 15, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641065/motivations-and-contents-of-parent-child-value-transmission
#3
Daniela Barni, Silvia Donato, Rosa Rosnati, Francesca Danioni
This study focused on parents' motivations to transmit values to their adolescent children. According to Self-Determination Theory, controlled motivations (i.e., external and introjected)-which refer to doing something because it leads to approval or rewards-and autonomous motivations (i.e., identified and integrated)-which refer to doing something because it is perceived as inherently worthy-were examined. 325 Italian parental couples, with one child aged between 14 and 18 years, filled out a self-report questionnaire...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641063/launching-adoptees-into-adulthood-mothers-and-fathers-promotion-of-volitional-functioning
#4
Sonia Ranieri, Laura Ferrari, Daniela Barni, Rosa Rosnati
In the psychological literature, there is growing evidence that parental support of children's volitional functioning is one of the most prominent protective factors during adolescence and the transition to adulthood. According to the Self-Determination Theory, children cope best with developmental tasks when they acquire a sense of self-governance and self-endorsed functioning. In the field of adoption research, however, the parental promotion of volitional functioning (PVF) and its relation to the adopted child's development are still underinvestigated...
July 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640907/accelerometer-measured-levels-of-moderate-to-vigorous-intensity-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Rabha Elmesmari, John J Reilly, Anne Martin, James Y Paton
CONTEXT: Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary time (ST) are important for child and adolescent health. OBJECTIVE: To examine habitual levels of accelerometer measured MVPA and ST in children and adolescents with chronic disease, and how these levels compare with healthy peers. METHODS: Data sources: An extensive search was carried out in Medline, Cochrane library, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus and CINAHL from 2000-2017. Study selection: Studies with accelerometer-measured MVPA and/or ST (at least 3 days and 6 hours/day to provide estimates of habitual levels) in children 0-19 years of age with chronic diseases but without co-morbidities that would present major impediments to physical activity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637153/dutch-version-of-the-fear-of-pain-questionnaire-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#6
Carolien Dekker, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, Janneke E de Vries, Laura E Simons, Mariëlle E J B Goossens, Jeanine A M C F Verbunt
BACKGROUND: Fear of pain is important in the development and maintenance of chronic pain. The Fear of Pain Questionnaire-Child version has been developed to assess pain related fear in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Translating the original questionnaire into Dutch, and investigating internal consistency and construct validity to enable use in the Dutch pain rehabilitation setting for treatment and research. METHODS: Cross-sectional validation study: After forward and back translation of the FOPQ-C, adolescents (11-22 years old) with chronic musculoskeletal pain completed an assessment containing the Dutch Fear of Pain Questionnaire, and questionnaires about demographics, pain catastrophizing, functional disability, and pain intensity...
March 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633688/normative-development-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-dysregulation-profile-from-early-childhood-to-adolescence-associations-with-personality-pathology
#7
Marike H F Deutz, Helen G M Vossen, Amaranta D De Haan, Maja Deković, Anneloes L Van Baar, Peter Prinzie
The Dysregulation Profile (DP) is a broad indicator of concurrent affective, behavioral, and cognitive dysregulation, often measured with the anxious/depressed, aggressive behavior, and attention problems syndrome scales of the Child Behavior Checklist. Despite an expanding body of research on the DP, knowledge of the normative developmental course of the DP from early childhood to adolescence is lacking. Furthermore, although we know that the DP longitudinally predicts personality pathology, no research yet has examined whether next to the DP in early childhood, the rate of change of the DP across development predicts personality pathology...
June 21, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632971/maternal-depression-and-bullying-victimization-among-adolescents-results-from-the-2004-pelotas-cohort-study
#8
Catarina Machado Azeredo, Iná S Santos, Aluísio J D Barros, Fernando C Barros, Alicia Matijasevich
BACKGROUND: Maternal depression impacts on several detrimental outcomes during a child's life course, and could increase their risk of victimization. This longitudinal study examined the association between antenatal maternal depression, postnatal trajectories, and current maternal depression and offspring bullying victimization at 11 years. METHODS: We included 3,441 11-year-old adolescents from the 2004 Pelotas Cohort Study. Antenatal maternal depression, postnatal trajectories, and current maternal depression data were assessed during the follow-up waves...
June 20, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632874/screening-for-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#9
David C Grossman, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, Susan J Curry, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity. Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance)...
June 20, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631961/intracranial-dural-chondroma-in-a-child-conventional-and-advanced-neuroimaging-characteristics-and-differential-diagnosis
#10
Shai Shrot, Alan R Cohen, Fausto J Rodriguez, Frank Berkowitz, Bruno P Soares, Thierry Agm Huisman
Intracranial chondromas are rare tumors, especially in the pediatric population. We describe the conventional and advanced neuroimaging characteristics of this rare convexity dura-based chondroma in a young adolescent. In particular we demonstrate that diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) facilitates differentiation between a dura-based chondroma and the more frequent classical meningioma. Chondromas are typically DWI hypointense with high apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values while meningiomas are typically DWI hyperintense with low ADC values...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631041/an-adolescent-boy-progressing-insidiously-to-end-stage-renal-disease-answers
#11
Aysun Çaltık Yılmaz, Bahar Buyukkaragoz, Selcuk Kivilcim, Aslı Celebi Tayfur, Sacit Gunbey
Hinman syndrome was a non-neurogenic neurogenic bladder and the most severe form of dysfunctional voiding disorder. The bladder-sphincter discoordination causes damage to the bladder and upper urinary tract if it is not diagnosed early and treated adequately. This case emphasizes the following important message: nighttime wetting is not a benign condition in every child. Parental awareness should be raised about voiding disorders, as it may be possible to prevent important renal diseases such as Hinman syndrome...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631023/the-influence-of-perceived-parenting-styles-on-socio-emotional-development-from-pre-puberty-into-puberty
#12
Min Yee Ong, Janna Eilander, Seang Mei Saw, Yuhuan Xie, Michael J Meaney, Birit F P Broekman
The relative impact of parenting on socio-emotional development of children has rarely been examined in a longitudinal context. This study examined the association between perceived parenting styles and socio-emotional functioning from childhood to adolescence. We hypothesized that optimal parenting associated with improvement in socio-emotional functioning from childhood into early adulthood, especially for those with more behavioral problems in childhood. Children between ages 7 and 9 years were recruited for the Singapore Cohort Study of Risk Factors for Myopia (SCORM)...
June 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630231/understanding-medication-nonadherence-after-kidney-transplant
#13
Thomas E Nevins, Peter W Nickerson, Mary Amanda Dew
Alloimmunity remains a barrier to long-term graft survival that necessitates lifelong immunosuppressive therapy after renal transplant. Medication nonadherence has been increasingly recognized as a major impediment to achieving effective immunosuppression. Electronic medication monitoring further reveals that nonadherence manifests early after transplant, although the effect is delayed. The etiology of nonadherence is multifactorial, with the strongest risk factors including past nonadherence and being an adolescent or young adult...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627006/parents-perceptions-during-the-transition-to-home-for-their-child-with-a-congenital-heart-defect-how-can-we-support-families-of-children-with-hypoplastic-left-heart-syndrome
#14
Sarita March
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to explore the literature related to transitions in healthcare between the hospital and home that caregivers experience with a child who has a congenital heart defect (CHD), specifically related to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). DESIGN AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted searching OVID Medline, CINAHL, and PubMed to discover the caregivers' perceptions on their transitions between hospital care and home care of their child with a CHD...
June 18, 2017: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626440/executive-function-in-adolescence-associations-with-child-and-family-risk-factors-and-self-regulation-in-early-childhood
#15
Donna Berthelsen, Nicole Hayes, Sonia L J White, Kate E Williams
Executive functions are important higher-order cognitive skills for goal-directed thought and action. These capacities contribute to successful school achievement and lifelong wellbeing. The importance of executive functions to children's education begins in early childhood and continues throughout development. This study explores contributions of child and family factors in early childhood to the development of executive function in adolescence. Analyses draw on data from the nationally representative study, Growing up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625414/effects-of-health-empowerment-intervention-on-resilience-of-adolescents-in-a-tribal-area-a-study-using-the-solomon-four-groups-design
#16
Kaushik Sarkar, Aparajita Dasgupta, Multipada Sinha, Bhaskar Shahbabu
RATIONALE: Resilience prevents the emergence of stress-related mental health problems among adolescents. Adolescents in tribal areas of India are more prone to develop such problems. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to determine the effect of combined life skills-based health empowerment intervention on the resilience of school-going adolescents in a tribal area. The secondary objectives were to determine the effect of the intervention on internal health locus of control and self-determination and to compare the effect of intervention on resilience between non-tribal and tribal adolescents...
June 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625195/consistency-matters-consistency-in-the-timing-and-quality-of-daily-interactions-between-parents-and-adolescents-predicts-production-of-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-youths
#17
Erika M Manczak, Adam K K Leigh, Chia-Ping Chin, Edith Chen
The current study examined whether consistency in day-to-day interactions between children and parents related to inflammatory cytokine production in youths. One hundred twenty-three parents recorded the daily quality of interactions and timing of leisure activities with their adolescent children for 2 weeks, and the degree of variability in those ratings was calculated. One year later, the production of proinflammatory cytokines in youths' blood was measured in response to in vitro exposure to lipopolysaccharide (a bacterial product)...
June 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624678/the-relationships-between-father-involvement-and-parental-acceptance-on-the-psychological-adjustment-of-children-and-adolescents-the-moderating-effects-of-clinical-status
#18
Mercedes Rodríguez Ruiz, Francisco Pablo Holgado-Tello, Miguel Ángel Carrasco
This study analyzes how a child's clinical condition modifies the relationship of father involvement, parental (fathers and mothers) acceptance and the child´s psychological adjustment, including the internalizing and externalizing problems. The cohort studied was composed of 226 subjects (61.94% males) with a mean age of 14.08 years, of which 113 children were from an incidental clinical sample and 113 from the general population. Both groups were matched by sex, age and family status, and the data show that the same structure of parent-child relationships that predict the child´s psychological adjustment can be accepted for both the clinical and non-clinical groups of children...
June 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623183/phone-based-interventions-in-adolescent-psychiatry-a-perspective-and-proof-of-concept-pilot-study-with-a-focus-on-depression-and-autism
#19
Robert Yuzen Chen, Jordan Robert Feltes, William Shun Tzeng, Zoe Yunzhu Lu, Michael Pan, Nan Zhao, Rebecca Talkin, Kavon Javaherian, Anne Glowinski, Will Ross
BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has emerged as an innovative platform to diagnose and treat psychiatric disorders in a cost-effective fashion. Previous studies have laid the functional framework for monitoring and treating child psychiatric disorders electronically using videoconferencing, mobile phones (smartphones), and Web-based apps. However, phone call and text message (short message service, SMS) interventions in adolescent psychiatry are less studied than other electronic platforms. Further investigations on the development of these interventions are needed...
June 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623055/prevalence-of-adiposity-and-its-association-with-sleep-duration-quality-and-timing-among-9-12-year-old-children-in-guangzhou-china
#20
Jiao Wang, Peymane Adab, Weijia Liu, Yajun Chen, Bai Li, Rong Lin, Wei Liu, Kar Keung Cheng, Miranda Pallan
BACKGROUND: Short sleep duration has been reported to be associated with obesity in children, but findings are not consistent. Since few studies have examined the relationship between more complex sleep characteristics and obesity, we examined the association between adiposity and self-reported sleep duration, bedtime, and sleep quality in 9-12-year-old Chinese children using multilevel mixed models. METHODS: 5518 children aged 9-12 years were recruited from 29 randomly selected primary schools in Guangzhou, China in 2014...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
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