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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329079/sleep-duration-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-chinese-school-aged-children-do-adipokines-play-a-mediating-role
#1
Lujiao Li, Junling Fu, Xin Ting Yu, Ge Li, Lu Xu, Jinghua Yin, Hong Cheng, Dongqing Hou, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Shan Gao, Wenhui Li, Changhong Li, Struan F A Grant, Mingyao Li, Yi Xiao, Jie Mi, Ming Li
Objective: To assess the associations between sleep duration and cardiometabolic risk factors in Chinese school-aged children and to explore the possible mediating role of adipokines. Methods: Sleep duration was collected in 3,166 children from the Beijing Child and Adolescent Metabolic Syndrome study. Glucose homeostasis and other cardiometabolic risk factors were assessed. Serum adipokines including leptin, total and high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin, resistin, fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) and retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) were determined...
March 9, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328839/association-between-physical-activity-sedentary-behavior-and-fitness-with-health-related-quality-of-life-in-healthy-children-and-adolescents-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Alberto Bermejo-Cantarero, Celia Álvarez-Bueno, Vicente Martinez-Vizcaino, Antonio García-Hermoso, Ana Isabel Torres-Costoso, Mairena Sánchez-López
BACKGROUND: Health related quality of life (HRQoL) is a subjective, multidimensional and changing over time construct. When HRQoL is decreased, a child is less likely to be able to develop normally and mature into a healthy adult. Physical inactivity is a priority public health problem. Evidence suggests how even moderate levels of physical activity or high fitness levels are associated with benefits for the health in children and adolescents. The aims of this systematic review are to examine the evidence about the relationship between physical activity, sedentary behavior, and fitness with HRQoL, and estimate the effects of interventions that have tested the effectiveness of the increase of the physical activity, the improvement of the physical fitness or the avoidance of sedentary behaviors in HRQoL in healthy subjects aged under 18 years old...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326852/sleep-outcomes-following-sleep-hygiene-related-interventions-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#3
Stefan Bogdanov, Sharon Naismith, Suncica Lah
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is commonly reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can adversely impact health and wellbeing and interfere with the rehabilitation process. As such, effective treatment of sleep disturbance is critical for overall recovery. Sleep hygiene, which is non-invasive, low cost, and low risk, could serve as a suitable first line of treatment for individuals experiencing sleep disturbance post-TBI. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of sleep hygiene on sleep outcomes post-TBI...
March 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326572/discrepancy-in-perception-of-bullying-experiences-and-later-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-a-prospective-study
#4
Soonjo Hwang, Young Shin Kim, Yun-Joo Koh, Somer Bishop, Bennett L Leventhal
Discrepancy in perception of bullying experiences may lead to later internalizing or externalizing behavior in adolescents. A 1,663 South Korean 7th and 8th graders (mean age: 13.1 and 14.1 years old), were seen for a follow-up study to examine the relationships between the discrepancy in perception of their bullying experiences (defined as discrepancy between self- and peer-reports of bullying experiences) and internalizing or externalizing behavior at follow-up. Bullying was assessed by self- and peer-report...
March 22, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325727/effect-of-allergic-bronchopulmonary-aspergillosis-on-fev1-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis-a-european-cystic-fibrosis-society-patient-registry-analysis
#5
Athanasios G Kaditis, Michael Miligkos, Anna Bossi, Carla Colombo, Elpis Hatziagorou, Nataliya Kashirskaya, Isabelle de Monestrol, Muriel Thomas, Meir Mei-Zahav, George Chrousos, Anna Zolin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) on FEV1 percent predicted in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. DESIGN: Longitudinal data analysis (2008-2010). SETTING: Patients participating in the European Cystic Fibrosis Society Patient Registry. PARTICIPANTS: 3350 patients aged 6-17 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: FEV1percent predicted was the main outcome measure (one measurement per year per child)...
March 21, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325387/-the-efficacy-of-care-as-perceived-by-adolescents-presenting-anxiety-based-school-refusal
#6
REVIEW
Jordan Sibeoni, Massimiliano Orri, Sophie Campredon, Anne Revah-Levy
School refusal is a complex disorder which is sometimes difficult to treat and which has potentially significant consequences on the child's schooling and mental health. A qualitative study was carried out in 2014-2015 on the feelings of adolescents and their parents with regard to the efficacy of care. The results show that, while adolescents and parents do not share the same representation of the care objectives, they agree on the therapeutic levers identified as been effective: time and relationships.
March 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324175/becoming-a-child-and-adolescent-psychiatrist-in-spain-trainees-perspectives
#7
Marina Fàbrega Ribera, Daniel Ilzarbe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#8
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323506/emotional-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-drunkenness-and-the-use-of-tobacco-and-cannabis-in-adolescence-independent-or-interactive-effects
#9
Irene García-Moya, María José Ortiz Barón, Carmen Moreno
BACKGROUND: Although previous research has examined emotional and psychosocial factors associated with substance use, there is a paucity of studies examining both at the same time, and insufficient attention has been paid to how these factors may interact. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to simultaneously examine the contributions from emotional (emotional control and depression) and psychosocial (peers' conventional behavior, peers' substance use and parent-child relationships) factors to drunkenness and the use of tobacco and cannabis in adolescence...
March 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321962/psychosocial-care-for-children-with-haemophilia-and-their-parents-in-the-netherlands
#10
REVIEW
P F Limperg, L Haverman, M Beijlevelt, M van der Pot, G Zaal, W A de Boer, K Fijnvandraat, M Peters, M A Grootenhuis
INTRODUCTION: Children growing up with haemophilia are at greater risk for psychosocial problems than their healthy peers. Providing psychosocial care to children with haemophilia and their families is indispensable, since psychosocial factors can have a significant impact on health and health-related quality of life (HRQOL). AIMS: Our aim was to give a description of psychosocial care provided by the multidisciplinary team of the Hemophilia Comprehensive Care Centre (HCCC) at the Emma Children's Hospital in Amsterdam, the Netherlands...
March 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321649/adolescent-participation-in-hpv-vaccine-clinical-trials-are-parents-willing
#11
Jennifer Cunningham Erves, Tilicia L Mayo-Gamble, Pamela C Hull, Lauren Duke, Stephania T Miller
Approximately one-quarter of human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are acquired by adolescents, with a higher burden among racial/ethnic minorities. However, racial/ethnic minorities have been underrepresented in previous HPV vaccine trials. Ongoing and future HPV vaccine optimization trials would benefit from racially- and ethnically-diverse sample of adolescent trial participants. This study examined factors influencing parental willingness to consent to their adolescents' participation in HPV vaccine clinical trials and tested for possible racial differences...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321405/prognostic-significance-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-lymphocyte-to-monocyte-ratio-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#12
Aiying Lu, Haifeng Li, Yuming Zheng, Minzhong Tang, Jun Li, Huihui Wu, Weiming Zhong, Jianquan Gao, Ningjiang Ou, Yonglin Cai
The peripheral blood neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte to monocyte ratio (LMR), and platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR) have been reported to correlate with the prognosis of many malignancies. This study evaluated the prognostic value of pretreatment NLR, LMR, and PLR in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). A retrospective analysis of clinical and pathological data of 140 NPC patients without distant metastasis during initial treatment was conducted to identify correlations between NLR, LMR, and PLR and clinicopathological features, overall survival, and progression-free survival...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320870/clinical-considerations-related-to-the-behavioral-manifestations-of-child-maltreatment
#13
Robert D Sege, Lisa Amaya-Jackson
Children who have suffered early abuse or neglect may later present with significant health and behavior problems that may persist long after the abusive or neglectful environment has been remediated. Neurobiological research suggests that early maltreatment may result in an altered psychological and physiologic response to stressful stimuli, a response that deleteriously affects the child's subsequent development. Pediatricians can assist caregivers by helping them recognize the abused or neglected child's emotional and behavioral responses associated with child maltreatment and guide them in the use of positive parenting strategies, referring the children and families to evidence-based therapeutic treatment and mobilizing available community resources...
March 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320691/microsoft-kinect-based-continuous-performance-test-an-objective-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-assessment
#14
David Delgado-Gomez, Inmaculada Peñuelas-Calvo, Antonio Eduardo Masó-Besga, Silvia Vallejo-Oñate, Itziar Baltasar Tello, Elsa Arrua Duarte, María Constanza Vera Varela, Juan Carballo, Enrique Baca-García
BACKGROUND: One of the major challenges in mental medical care is finding out new instruments for an accurate and objective evaluation of the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Early ADHD identification, severity assessment, and prompt treatment are essential to avoid the negative effects associated with this mental condition. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to develop a novel ADHD assessment instrument based on Microsoft Kinect, which identifies ADHD cardinal symptoms in order to provide a more accurate evaluation...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320584/growth-charts-for-brazilian-children-with-down-syndrome-birth-to-20-years-of-age
#15
Fabio Bertapelli, Stamatis Agiovlasitis, Maira Rossmann Machado, Raísa do Val Roso, Gil Guerra-Junior
BACKGROUND: The growth of youth with Down syndrome (DS) differs from that of youth without DS, and growth charts specific to DS have been developed. However, little is known about the growth of Brazilian youth with DS. The objective of this study was to construct growth charts for Brazilian youth with DS and compare the growth data with the Child Growth Standards of the World Health Organization (WHO) and charts for children with DS from other studies. METHODS: Mixed longitudinal and cross-sectional data were collected at University of Campinas, 48 specialized centers for people with intellectual disabilities, and two foundations for people with DS between 2012 and 2015...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320073/a-model-linking-video-gaming-sleep-quality-sweet-drinks-consumption-and-obesity-among-children-and-youth
#16
O Turel, A Romashkin, K M Morrison
There is a growing need to curb paediatric obesity. The aim of this study is to untangle associations between video-game-use attributes and obesity as a first step towards identifying and examining possible interventions. Cross-sectional time-lagged cohort study was employed using parent-child surveys (t1) and objective physical activity and physiological measures (t2) from 125 children/adolescents (mean age = 13.06, 9-17-year-olds) who play video games, recruited from two clinics at a Canadian academic children's hospital...
March 20, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319814/time-specific-and-cumulative-effects-of-exposure-to-parental-externalizing-behavior-on-risk-for-young-adult-alcohol-use-disorder
#17
Alexis C Edwards, Sara L Lönn, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jan Sundquist, Kenneth S Kendler, Kristina Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicate that parental externalizing behavior (EB) is a robust risk factor for alcohol use disorder (AUD) in their children, and that this is due to both inherited genetic liability and environmental exposure. However, it remains unclear whether the effects of exposure to parental EB vary as a function of timing and/or chronicity. METHODS: We identified biological parents with an alcohol use disorder, drug abuse, or criminal behavior, during different periods of their child's upbringing, using Swedish national registries...
March 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318419/preparing-youth-with-cancer-for-amputation-a-systematic-review
#18
Caitlyn A Loucas, Sarah R Brand, Sima Zadeh Bedoya, Anna C Muriel, Lori Wiener
Children and adolescents who require limb amputation as part of cancer treatment face many physical and emotional challenges. Preparatory interventions may serve to facilitate positive coping and improve long-term adjustment during pediatric cancer treatment, including decreasing anxiety and post-operative distress. This review aimed to examine and identify the type and degree of psychosocial preparation provided to the child with cancer and family prior to amputation. Electronic databases including Embase, PubMed, and PsycINFO were searched for relevant research articles...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318393/pathways-to-adolescent-childbearing-among-kaqchikel-women-in-guatemala
#19
Emily Lemon, Monique Hennink, Nely Amparo Can Saquic
One-in-five children in Guatemala is born to a mother aged 15-19 years, which poses social, economic and health risks to both mother and child. In Guatemala, adolescent childbearing is directly associated with education, ethnicity and poverty, which increases vulnerability among Indigenous young women living in poverty. This study examines the context and experiences of adolescent childbearing from the perspectives of young mothers in the Kaqchikel Indigenous ethnic group of Sololá, Guatemala. Data were collected in 19 qualitative in-depth interviews with women who had given birth to one or more children when aged 15 to 19 years...
March 20, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317224/pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-aggression-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-comorbid-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-questionnaire-survey-of-571-psychiatrists
#20
Kazuhiko Yamamuro, Noa Tsujii, Toyosaku Ota, Toshifumi Kishimoto, Junzo Iida
AIMS: Both attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are frequently accompanied by serious aggression that requires psychiatric treatment. However, little is known about the experiences psychiatrists have had using pharmacotherapy to treat aggression in patients who have both ASD and ADHD (ASD/ADHD). The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of Japanese child and adolescent psychiatrists in prescribing medication for aggression in patients with ASD/ADHD...
March 20, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
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