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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245168/-school-entrance-examination-for-lateral-entrants-what-can-and-what-should-they-be-able-to-do-a-discussion-contribution-based-on-the-data-from-the-health-authority-frankfurt-am-main-2006-2016
#1
Maria Karathana, Bernhard Krackhardt, Manuela Schade, Ursel Heudorf
Question The medical investigation of school beginners is one of the essential tasks of the child and youth services of the health authorities. While in all federal states in Germany, the examination of all school beginners is legally clearly stipulated, the situation for "lateral entry", that is, children of school age, who are moving from a foreign country to a local German community and attending school there, is not clearly regulated in the respective school laws. This article presents the experiences of the lateral entry investigations in Frankfurt am Main...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245141/a-systematic-review-of-the-state-of-the-literature-on-sexually-exploited-boys-internationally
#2
Melissa Moynihan, Katherine Mitchell, Claire Pitcher, Farinaz Havaei, Max Ferguson, Elizabeth Saewyc
This systematic review assessed the current state of the literature on sexually exploited boys internationally. We aimed to describe what is known about sexual exploitation of boys, identify gaps in the literature, provide implications for practice, and make recommendations for future research. Multiple database searches were conducted using a combination of controlled vocabulary and keywords to capture child and adolescent sexual exploitation. Our search identified 11,099 unique references and excluded studies that did not include male participants less than 18 years old or disaggregate results by relevant age groups and/or by sex...
December 12, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245082/adolescent-mental-health-and-behavioural-problems-and-intergenerational-social-mobility-a-decomposition-of-health-selection-effects
#3
Lewis Robert Anderson
According to the health selection hypothesis, poor mental health and behavioural problems in adolescence limit socioeconomic attainment. But to what extent is health selection driven by prior social causation? This paper quantifies the extent to which health selection - here, restricted or downward intergenerational social class mobility due to poor mental health or behavioural problems - can be attributed to the influence of modifiable childhood risk factors. The UK National Child Development Study provides measures of socioeconomic deprivation and childhood adversities, as well as multiple-informant ratings of adolescents' mental health and behavioural problems, for which confirmatory factor analysis supports a three-factor model...
November 20, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245045/relations-between-problem-behaviors-perceived-symptom-severity-and-parenting-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-with-asd-the-mediating-role-of-parental-psychological-need-frustration
#4
Lisa M Dieleman, Sarah S W De Pauw, Bart Soenens, Elien Mabbe, Rachel Campbell, Peter Prinzie
Research in parents of youngsters with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) increasingly documents associations between children's problem behaviors and symptom severity and more dysfunctional and less adaptive parenting behaviors. However, the mechanisms underlying these associations have not been examined thoroughly. This study examines the mediating role of parental need frustration in the relation between child maladjustment (i.e., problem behavior and autism severity) and parenting behavior (i.e., controlling and autonomy-supportive parenting)...
December 12, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243874/emotional-and-behavioral-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1
#5
André B Rietman, Thijs van der Vaart, Ellen Plasschaert, Bethany A Nicholson, Rianne Oostenbrink, Lianne C Krab, Mie-Jef Descheemaeker, Marie-Claire Y de Wit, Henriëtte A Moll, Eric Legius, Pieter F A de Nijs
To assess emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents with neurofibromatosis type 1,parents of 183 individuals aged 10.8 ± 3.1 years (range 6-17) completed the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Also, 173 teachers completed the Teacher's Report Form (TRF), and 88 adolescents (children from 11 to 17 years) completed the Youth Self-Report (YSR). According to parental ratings, 32% scored in the clinical range (above the 90th percentile). This percentage was much lower when rated by teachers or adolescents themselves...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243816/two-decades-of-persisting-income-disparities-in-dental-caries-among-u-s-children-and-adolescents
#6
Gary Douglas Slade, Anne Elizabeth Sanders
OBJECTIVE: To describe trends in income disparities in dental caries among U.S. children and adolescents during two decades of fluctuating economic growth. METHODS: Data were from National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys conducted in 1988-1994, 1999-2004, and 2011-2014. The number of tooth surfaces with dental caries experience per child was computed for three age groups: 2-5, 6-11, and 12-17 years. Absolute and relative measures of inequality compared caries experience in families below the poverty level with families where income was at least three times the poverty threshold...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242807/parents-and-child-s-concussion-history-as-predictors-of-parental-attitudes-and-knowledge-of-concussion-recognition-and-response
#7
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Cassie B Ford, Richelle M Williams, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
Background: Parents' knowledge of and attitudes toward concussions are often vital factors that affect care for injured adolescent athletes. It is important to understand the role that parents' personal experiences with concussions play with regard to current concussion knowledge and attitudes so that clinicians may tailor their educational approaches. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to determine an association between parents' personal experiences and their child's experiences with concussions as well as parental concussion knowledge and attitudes...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241049/prenatal-maternal-mood-patterns-predict-child-temperament-and-adolescent-mental-health
#8
Laura M Glynn, Mariann A Howland, Curt A Sandman, Elysia P Davis, Michael Phelan, Tallie Z Baram, Hal S Stern
BACKGROUND: This study quantifies the dynamics of maternal mood focusing on unpredictability, and to assess if greater unpredictability of prenatal maternal mood predicts child temperament and internalizing symptoms through early adolescence. METHODS: The association between prenatal mood predictability and child internalizing symptoms were assessed in two longitudinal cohorts (N's = 227 and 180). Maternal mood was assessed repeatedly during pregnancy as early as 15 weeks' gestation...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240805/poly-victimization-in-a-norwegian-adolescent-population-prevalence-social-and-psychological-profile-and-detrimental-effects
#9
Svein Mossige, Lihong Huang
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on poly-victimization, with the aim of providing a realistic estimation of the prevalence of lifetime victimization in a Norwegian adolescent population (ages 18-19 years). METHODS: Based upon the concept from previous research, we applied measures of child poly-victimization on Norwegian data obtained from a national youth survey in 2015 (N = 4,531) to arrive at an estimation of its prevalence. We used variables that measure individual characteristics such as gender and educational aspiration and socio-economic factors such as parents' education level and home economic situation to derive a social and psychological profile of victimization and poly-victimization among young people...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240719/pericardial-effusion-as-a-presenting-symptom-of-hashimoto-thyroiditis-a-case-report
#10
Alberto Leonardi, Laura Penta, Marta Cofini, Lucia Lanciotti, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Background: Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is the most frequent cause of acquired hypothyroidism in paediatrics. HT is usually diagnosed in older children and adolescents, mainly in females and is rare in infants and toddlers with cardiac involvement, including pericardial effusion, that can be found in 10% to 30% of adult HT cases. In this paper, a child with HT and pericardial effusion as the most important sign of HT is described. Case presentation: A four-year-old male child suffering for a few months from recurrent abdominal pain sometimes associated with vomiting underwent an abdominal ultrasound scan outside the hospital...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239287/school-performance-from-primary-education-in-the-adolescent-offspring-of-parents-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-national-register-based-study
#11
Anne Ranning, Thomas Laursen, Esben Agerbo, Anne Thorup, Carsten Hjorthøj, Jens Richardt Møllegaard Jepsen, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BP) are causes of severe disability worldwide and parents' severe mental illness (SMI) is associated with childhood adversity, and socio-emotional and cognitive problems in children. Yet, how parental BP and SZ affect educational attainment in offspring is still unclear. METHOD: We included all children (N = 684.248) born and living in Denmark between 1986 and 1996 and their parents. Our follow-up lasted from 1986 until children's graduation in 2014...
December 14, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238825/association-of-cumulative-childhood-adversity-and-adolescent-violent-offending-with-suicide-in-early-adulthood
#12
Emma Björkenstam, Anders Hjern, Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou
Importance: Childhood adversity (CA) is associated with an increased risk of suicide in young adulthood that might be explained by maladaptive trajectories during adolescence. Although adolescent violent offending is linked with suicide, little is known about its role in the association between CA and suicide. Objective: To examine whether adolescent violent offending mediates the association between CA and suicide in early adulthood. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based, longitudinal cohort study with a follow-up time spanning 5 to 9 years included 476 103 individuals born in Sweden between 1984 and 1988...
December 13, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235651/-the-way-we-do-the-things-we-do-decision-making-transparency-at-the-journal-of-child-psychology-and-psychiatry
#13
EDITORIAL
Edmund J S Sonuga-Barke
As in life generally, so in scholarly publishing, the turn of the year inevitably encourages editors to reflect soberly and take honest stock of the progress their journals have made over the previous 12 months. In this frame of mind, my own thoughts turned to our beloved Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Of course I say ours because we who currently work at the journal, know it actually belongs to you, the world-wide community of child and adolescent psychologists and psychiatrists: We are only its stewards...
January 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235172/scaling-up-child-development-centres-in-bangladesh
#14
N Z Khan, R Sultana, F Ahmed, A B Shilpi, N Sultana, G L Darmstadt
BACKGROUND: Child Development Centres (CDCs) have been established within government medical college tertiary hospitals across Bangladesh. Services entail a parent-professional partnership in a child and family friendly environment with a focus on assessment, diagnosis, and management of a range of neurodevelopmental disorders in children and adolescents 0-16 years of age. Services are provided by a multidisciplinary team of professionals (child health physician, child psychologist, and developmental therapist) who emphasize quality of services over the numbers of children seen...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234991/longitudinal-analysis-of-particulate-air-pollutants-and-adolescent-delinquent-behavior-in-southern-california
#15
Diana Younan, Catherine Tuvblad, Meredith Franklin, Fred Lurmann, Lianfa Li, Jun Wu, Kiros Berhane, Laura A Baker, Jiu-Chiuan Chen
Animal experiments and cross-sectional human studies have linked particulate matter (PM) with increased behavioral problems. We conducted a longitudinal study to examine whether the trajectories of delinquent behavior are affected by PM2.5 (PM with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm) exposures before and during adolescence. We used the parent-reported Child Behavior Checklist at age 9-18 with repeated measures every ~2-3 years (up to 4 behavioral assessments) on 682 children from the Risk Factors for Antisocial Behavior Study conducted in a multi-ethnic cohort of twins born in 1990-1995...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230806/comparing-the-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-parent-and-teacher-reported-oppositional-defiant-disorder-findings-from-a-national-sample
#16
James McNeilis, Barbara Maughan, Robert Goodman, Richard Rowe
BACKGROUND: Parents and teachers often disagree on the presence of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) in children. It has been argued that ODD should be treated as an informant-specific disorder. This study compared the characteristics of children identified with ODD by parent- and teacher report. METHODS: We used the 1999 British Child and Adolescent Mental Health Survey, including more than 10,000 observations aged 5-15 years, to investigate symptom profiles, risk factors, comorbidities and three-year outcomes of parent- and teacher-reported ODD...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229017/adolescence-effortful-control-as-a-mediator-between-family-ecology-and-problematic-substance-use-in-early-adulthood-a-16-year-prospective-study
#17
Chung Jung Mun, Thomas J Dishion, Jenn-Yun Tein, Roy Otten
This study examined the mediated effect of early adolescence familial context on early adulthood problematic substance use through effortful control in late adolescence. The sample consisted of a community sample of 311 adolescents and their families comprising the control group within a randomized trial intervention. Parental monitoring and parent-child relationship quality (P-C RQ) were measured annually from ages 11 to 13. Effortful control was measured by self-reports and parent and teacher reports at ages 16 to 17...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228962/decision-making-on-therapeutic-futility-in-mexican-adolescents-with-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#18
Carlo Egysto Cicero-Oneto, Edith Valdez-Martinez, Miguel Bedolla
BACKGROUND: The world literature shows that empirical research regarding the process of decision-making when cancer in adolescents is no longer curable has been conducted in High-income, English speaking countries. The objective of the current study was to explore in-depth and to explain the decision-making process from the perspective of Mexican oncologists, parents, and affected adolescents and to identify the ethical principles that guide such decision-making. METHODS: Purposive, qualitative design based on individual, fact-to-face, semi-structured, in-depth interviews...
December 11, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228854/the-design-and-development-of-myt1dhero-a-mobile-app-for-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-and-their-parents
#19
Bree E Holtz, Katharine M Murray, Denise D Hershey, Joshua Richman, Julie K Dunneback, Arpita Vyas, Michael A Wood
Introduction Type 1 diabetes impacts approximately 1.25 m Americans, many of them young children. As a child grows, there is a transition towards independence and they must learn to manage their diabetes independently. The objective of this study was to design, develop and conduct a prototype test to assess the satisfaction and feasibility of a mobile app for adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their parents to aid in this transition. Methods Ten parent/adolescent groups used MyT1DHero for four weeks. They were given a pre-test/post-test survey regarding family conflict with three tasks of diabetes management and the general tone of family communication...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227523/childhood-ingestions-of-environmental-toxins-what-are-the-risks
#20
Marissa Hauptman, Alan D Woolf
Infants and children are at higher risk than adolescents and adults for exposure to environmental toxins via ingestion for a number of reasons: their smaller size (and proportionately larger dose of ingested toxins), their closer proximity to the ground, dirt, and indoor dust, their boundless curiosity and oral exploratory behaviors, pica habits that may persist into school-age for children with autism or other developmental delays, their proportionately larger daily water and milk intake, and food preferences that differ markedly from adolescents and adults...
December 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
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