keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sarcoma radiotherapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137065/primary-leiomyosarcoma-of-the-bone-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#1
Federica Recine, Alberto Bongiovanni, Roberto Casadei, Federica Pieri, Nada Riva, Alessandro De Vita, Laura Mercatali, Chiara Liverani, Chiara Spadazzi, Giacomo Miserocchi, Valentina Fausti, Dino Amadori, Toni Ibrahim
RATIONALE: Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant sarcoma that can occur in different anatomic sites, including the bone, showing similar histological characteristics but heterogeneous clinical behavior and prognosis. Primary bone LMS was first described in 1965. It is a very rare sarcoma, accounting for <0.7% of all primary malignant bone tumors. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report the case of a 52-year-old male with primary bone LMS who presented with a solitary osteolytic lesion with focal cortical destruction in the left clavicle, seen on an x-ray and subsequent computed tomography (CT) scan...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126649/is-dose-de-escalation-possible-in-sarcoma-patients-treated-with-enlarged-limb-sparing-resection
#2
Antonin Levy, Sylvie Bonvalot, Sara Bellefqih, Philippe Terrier, Axel Le Cesne, Cécile Le Péchoux
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of dose de-escalation in a large series of resected limbs soft tissue sarcomas (STS). METHODS: Data were retrospectively analysed from 414 consecutive patients treated for limb STS by enlarged surgery and radiotherapy at Gustave Roussy from 05/1993 to 05/2012. Radiotherapy (RT) dose level was decided by the multidisciplinary staff and depended upon the quality of surgery and margins size. RESULTS: RT was delivered prior (13%) or after (87%) surgery...
November 7, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125427/the-surgical-treatment-of-metastatic-spine-tumors-within-the-intramedullary-compartment
#3
Ben A Strickland, Ian E McCutcheon, Indro Chakrabarti, Laurence D Rhines, Jeffrey S Weinberg
OBJECTIVE Metastasis to the spinal cord is rare, and optimal management of this disease is unclear. The authors investigated this issue by analyzing the results of surgical treatment of spinal intramedullary metastasis (IM) at a major cancer center. METHODS The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 13 patients who underwent surgery for IM. Patients had renal cell carcinoma (n = 4), breast carcinoma (n = 3), melanoma (n = 2), non-small cell lung cancer (n = 1), sarcoma (n = 1), adenoid cystic carcinoma (n = 1), and cervical cancer (n = 1)...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119015/pulmonary-metastasectomy-for-sarcoma-essen-experience
#4
Dumitrita Alina Gafencu, Stefan Welter, Danjouma Housmanou Cheufou, Till Ploenes, Georgios Stamatis, Martin Stuschke, Dirk Theegarten, Christian Taube, Sebastian Bauer, Clemens Aigner
Background: Pulmonary metastasectomy is an established treatment modality for patients with soft as well as bone tissue sarcomas. Aim of this study is to describe the Essen experience in the surgical management of patients with pulmonary sarcoma metastases. Methods: This is a retrospective single center analysis of perioperative outcome of patients undergoing pulmonary metastasectomy for sarcoma metastases from 1997-2017 and a summary of published papers on this topic...
October 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118718/the-practice-of-physical-activity-in-the-setting-of-lower-extremities-sarcomas-a-first-step-toward-clinical-optimization
#5
Mohamad Assi, Mickael Ropars, Amélie Rébillard
Lower-extremities sarcoma patients, with bone tumor and soft-tissue sarcoma, are a unique population at high risk of physical dysfunction and chronic heart diseases. Thus, providing an adequate physical activity (PA) program constitutes a primary part of the adjuvant treatment, aiming to improve patients' quality of life. The main goal of this paper is to offer clear suggestions for clinicians regarding PA around the time between diagnosis and offered treatments. These preliminary recommendations reflect our interpretation of the clinical and preclinical data published on this topic, after a systematic search on the PubMed database...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115716/long-term-results-in-children-with-head-and-neck-rhabdomyosarcoma-a-report-from-the-italian-soft-tissue-sarcoma-committee
#6
Maria Carmen Affinita, Andrea Ferrari, Giuseppe Maria Milano, Giovanni Scarzello, Francesco De Leonardis, Luca Coccoli, Roberta Pericoli, Eleonora Basso, Ilaria Zanetti, Angela Scagnellato, Gianni Bisogno
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) occurring at nonparameningeal head and neck (NPM-HN) sites carries a better prognosis than parameningeal RMS and some other sites. We analyzed the treatments administered and results obtained in patients with localized NPM-HN RMS, included in the protocols coordinated by the Italian Soft Tissue Sarcoma Committee (STSC), in an effort to identify prognostic factors that could facilitate the tailoring of treatment. METHODS: Sixty-six patients up to 18 years of age with previously untreated, localized NPM-HN RMS were prospectively registered in three consecutive protocols: RMS79, RMS88, and RMS96...
November 8, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113207/brain-metastatic-alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-clinicopathological-profiles-management-and-outcomes
#7
Xiaogang Tao, Zonggang Hou, Zhen Wu, Shuyu Hao, Baiyun Liu
Alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare sarcoma that presents in the buttocks or thigh of young adults and often metastasizes to the brain. The present study examined the clinical features and morphology of brain metastatic ASPS. The case records of eight patients with brain metastatic ASPS admitted between November 2008 and March 2015 were reviewed. The relevant clinical data (including patient age and sex, neuroimaging studies, histopathological and immunohistochemical features, surgical records and follow-up reports) were collected through a review of patient records...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111232/antagonism-in-effectiveness-of-evofosfamide-and-doxorubicin-through-intermolecular-electron-transfer
#8
Robert F Anderson, Dan Li, Francis W Hunter
Hypoxic cells pose a problem in anticancer chemotherapy, in which often drugs require oxygen as an electron acceptor to bring about the death of actively cycling cells. Bioreductive anticancer drugs, which are selectively activated in the hypoxic regions of tumours through enzymatic one-electron reduction, are being developed for combination with chemotherapy-, radiotherapy- and immunotherapy-containing regimens to kill treatment-resistant hypoxic cells. The most clinically-advanced bioreductive drug, evofosfamide (TH-302), which acts by releasing a DNA-crosslinking mustard, failed to extend overall survival in combination with doxorubicin, a topoisomerase II inhibitor, for advanced soft tissue sarcoma in a pivotal clinical trial...
October 28, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097878/high-grade-myofibroblastic-sarcoma-in-the-liver-a-case-report
#9
Jun Wen, Wei Zhao, Chuan Li, Jun-Yi Shen, Tian-Fu Wen
Only two cases of myofibroblastic sarcoma in the liver have been reported in the literature. Here, we report the case of a male patient with high-grade myofibroblastic sarcoma mimicking echinococcosis in the liver. The 25-year-old male patient complained of right upper quadrant swelling pain for one week and was initially diagnosed with echinococcosis. He was then scheduled for an exploratory laparotomy. During the operation, a huge mass exceeding 16 cm in diameter was found to occupy nearly the entire right trisegment of the liver, with a clear boundary and a round shape, and the mass was resected by right hepatic trisegmentectomy...
October 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071781/local-recurrence-is-correlated-with-decreased-overall-survival-in-patients-with-intermediate-high-grade-localized-primary-soft-tissue-sarcoma-of-extremity-and-abdominothoracic-wall
#10
Ruping Zhao, Xiaoli Yu, Yan Feng, Zhaozhi Yang, Xingxing Chen, Jian Wand, Shenglin Ma, Zhen Zhang, Xiaomao Guo
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of local recurrence on overall survival in patients with intermediate high-grade localized primary soft tissue sarcoma (STS) of extremity and abdominothoracic wall. METHODS: This retrospective study identified 133 consecutive patients with intermediate high-grade localized primary STS of extremity and abdominothoracic wall from January 2000 to July 2010. Survival curves were constructed by the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test was used to assess statistical significance...
October 26, 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060931/primary-cardiac-sarcoma-complicated-with-cerebral-infarction-and-brain-metastasis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Yun-Peng Sun, Xuan Wang, Yong-Sheng Gao, Song Zhao, Yang Bai
In large autopsy series, the estimated frequency of primary tumors of the heart ranges from 0.0017% to 0.33%. Approximately 25% of primary cardiac tumors are malignant, and nearly 20% of these are sarcomas. To date, a completely feasible surgical resection remains the major treatment measure of cardiac sarcoma, especially for recurrent focal cardiac sarcoma and the recurrence of a restrictive metastasis. Although characteristically medical treatments are recommended, there is no consistent opinion for adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy following an operation...
October 9, 2017: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058926/-breast-angiosarcoma-induced-by-radiotherapy-surgical-treatment-options-and-review-of-literature
#12
O Kubala, J Prokop, L Petráš, P Ihnát, P Jelínek, P Ostruszka
INTRODUCTION: Radiation-induced angiosarcoma is a rare but very aggressive tumour. The highest risk of sarcoma development is in patients after breast-conserving surgery.Case 1: The 66 years old patient underwent radical mastectomy with axillary dissection because of ductal carcinoma with consequent radiotherapy, chemotherapy and hormonal therapy. After 6 years, high-grade angiosarcoma was diagnosed and resected with negative resection margins. Within subsequent 24 months, additional three radical re-excisions were performed because of repeated sarcoma recurrence...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058370/proton-therapy-for-pediatric-head-and-neck-malignancies
#13
Jennifer Vogel, Stefan Both, Maura Kirk, Hann-Hsiang Chao, Rochelle Bagatell, Yimei Li, Richard Womer, Naomi Balamuth, Anne Reilly, Goldie Kurtz, Robert Lustig, Zelig Tochner, Christine Hill-Kayser
PURPOSE: Pediatric head and neck malignancies are managed with intensive multimodality therapy. Proton beam therapy (PBT) may reduce toxicity by limiting exposure of normal tissue to radiation. In this study, we report acute toxicities and early outcomes following PBT for pediatric head and neck malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, pediatric patients with nonhematologic malignancies of the head and neck were treated with PBT. Clinical and dosimetric data were abstracted from the medical record and treatment planning system with institutional review board approval...
October 23, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049915/adult-primary-cervical-extra-osseous-ewing-s-sarcoma-a-case-report-and-short-literature-review
#14
Haytham Eloqayli
INTRODUCTION: Primary spinal epidural extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma (EES) is extremely rare, with a peak incidence in the second decade of life. EES in old people is challenging to treat due to the lack of specific guidelines. In this paper, I present a unique case of adult primary cervical epidural EES with a 13-month follow-up. A short literature review of the therapeutic approaches and prognosis is also presented. PRESENTATION OF CASE: I present a case of a 49-year old male patient who presented with right upper limb pain, numbness, hand grip weakness, and hyperreflexia of 3 months duration...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048650/predicting-radiotherapy-response-for-patients-with-soft-tissue-sarcoma-by-developing-a-molecular-signature
#15
Zaixiang Tang, Qinghua Zeng, Yan Li, Xinyan Zhang, Mark J Suto, Bo Xu, Nengjun Yi
Soft tissue sarcomas are rare and aggressive tumors arising from connective tissues. Adjuvant radiotherapy is a commonly used treatment approach for the majority of sarcomas. We attempted to identify a gene signature that can predict radiosensitive patients who are most likely to have a better treatment response from radiotherapy, compared with disease progression. Using the publicly available data of soft tissue sarcoma from The Cancer Genome Atlas, we developed a cross-validation procedure to identify a predictive gene signature for radiosensitivity...
September 25, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045981/renal-ewing-s-sarcoma-primitive-neuroectodermal-tumor-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
C Liu, L G Cui, H L Wang
Ewing's sarcoma/primitive neuroectodermal tumor (EWS/PNET) in the kidney is a rare but high-grade malignant tumor that affects predominantly elder children and adolescents. Patients mostly present with nonspecific symptoms such as abdominal pain and gross hematuria. Since EWS/PNET has a rapid clinical progression with early metastasis and death, it is essential to make an accurate and early diagnosis. Once diagnosed, multimodality treatment, including radical surgery combined with adjuvant chemotherapy, and radiotherapy if necessary, is recommended...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044582/provider-views-on-the-management-of-ewing-sarcoma-of-the-spine-and-pelvis
#17
Chong Zhu, Kristofor A Olson, Michael Roth, David S Geller, Richard G Gorlick, Jonathan Gill, Nadia N Laack, R L Randall
BACKGROUND: Curative therapy for ES requires both chemotherapy and local control of primary tumor. There is no universally accepted standard approach to local control modalities. This survey was conducted to determine practice patterns and factors influencing the choice to offer various local control modalities to patients with ES of the spine and pelvis. METHODS: The survey consisted of four scenarios involving a 15-year-old girl who presented with Ewing sarcoma of thoracic vertebra, sacrum, iliac wing, and acetabulum with or without neurologic compromise...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043525/long-term-follow-up-and-post-relapse-outcome-of-patients-with-localized-retroperitoneal-sarcoma-treated-in-the-italian-sarcoma-group-soft-tissue-sarcoma-isg-sts-protocol-0303
#18
R De Sanctis, L Giordano, C Colombo, A De Paoli, P Navarria, C Sangalli, A Buonadonna, R Sanfilippo, G Bertola, M Fiore, A Marrari, F Navarria, A Bertuzzi, P G Casali, S Basso, A Santoro, V Quagliuolo, A Gronchi
BACKGROUND: This study was designed to assess patterns of recurrence and long-term outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for localized retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) after neoadjuvant high dose long-infusion ifosfamide (HLI) and radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: Patients received three cycles of HLI (14 g/m(2)). RT was started in combination with II cycle up to a total dose of 50.4 Gy. Surgery was scheduled 4-6 weeks after the end of RT. The primary endpoint was relapse-free survival (RFS) after surgery...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040054/pediatric-nut-midline-carcinoma-therapeutic-success-employing-a-sarcoma-based-multimodal-approach
#19
Simone Storck, Alyssa L Kennedy, Karen J Marcus, Lisa Teot, Jennifer Vaughn, Astrid K Gnekow, Bruno Märkl, Ivo Leuschner, Steven G DuBois, Christopher A French, Michael C Frühwald
A subset of poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas, NUT midline carcinomas (NMC) are characterized by a translocation t(15;19)(q13;p13) [ 1 ]. The prognosis is generally dismal [ 2 ] and therapeutic success has been limited to exceptional cases [ 3 ]. We present two cases of pediatric NMC from two different institutions treated according to a multimodal sarcoma approach involving surgery, chemotherapy, and focal radiotherapy. One patient has remained in complete continuous remission for over 6 years, while the other is in CR in early follow-up off therapy...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039119/clinical-implications-of-germline-mutations-in-breast-cancer-tp53
#20
REVIEW
Katherine Schon, Marc Tischkowitz
PURPOSE: This review describes the prevalence of germline TP53 mutations, the risk of breast cancer and other cancers in mutation carriers and management implications for women with breast cancer and unaffected women. METHODS: Literature review of English language papers available through PubMed. RESULTS: Women who carry germline mutations in the TP53 gene have a very high risk of breast cancer of up to 85% by age 60 years. Most of these breast cancers are early onset with a median age at diagnosis of 34 years...
October 16, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
keyword
keyword
90846
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"