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Constipation in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899001/drug-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
REVIEW
Emma Mead, Greg Atkinson, Bernd Richter, Maria-Inti Metzendorf, Louise Baur, Nicholas Finer, Eva Corpeleijn, Claire O'Malley, Louisa J Ells
BACKGROUND: Child and adolescent obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and long-term health consequences. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of drug interventions for the treatment of obesity in children and adolescents. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed (subsets not available on Ovid), LILACS as well as the trial registers ICTRP (WHO) and ClinicalTrials.gov. Searches were undertaken from inception to March 2016...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887934/currarino-syndrome-in-a-fetus-infant-child-and-adolescent-spectrum%C3%A2-of-clinical-presentations-and-imaging-findings
#2
REVIEW
Pablo Caro-Domínguez, Juan Bass, Julie Hurteau-Miller
In 1981, Currarino et al described a triad of findings that consist of partial sacral dysgenesis, presacral mass (anterior meningocele, enteric cyst, or presacral teratoma) and anorectal malformation. Currarino syndrome exhibits variable expressivity and the clinical presentation tends to vary with the age of the subject such as spinal anomaly detected in the fetus, imperforate anus in the newborn, and intractable constipation or neurologic symptoms in the infant and older child. At any age, meningitis can be the presenting symptom and imaging is required for proper investigation...
November 22, 2016: Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal, Journal L'Association Canadienne des Radiologistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849232/long-term-evaluation-of-fecal-continence-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-operated-for-anorectal-malformations
#3
Ana Cristina Aoun Tannuri, Mariana Aparecida Elisei Ferreira, Arthur Loguetti Mathias, Uenis Tannuri
Introduction: Patients operated for correction of anorectal malformations (ARM) can develop fecal incontinence, constipation, and soiling, with loss in quality of life. Objective: To evaluate, through the use of questionnaires, fecal continence, and quality of life of children in the late postoperative follow-up of ARM correction, both high and low. In addition, the levels of fecal continence and quality of life were compared with those of a control group. Method: A Fecal Continence Index Questionnaire (ICF) and a Questionnaire for Assessment of Quality of Life Related to Fecal Continence in Children and Adolescents (QQVCFCA) were administered to 63 patients with ARM, aged from 7 to 19 years, whose surgical treatment had been completed for at least 6 months...
September 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752507/constipation-and-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-children-and-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#4
Clara Sampaio, Ariane Sampaio Sousa, Luis Gustavo A Fraga, Maria Luiza Veiga, José Murillo Bastos Netto, Ubirajara Barroso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the correlation between constipation and lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) and nocturnal enuresis in a population-based study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study. The criteria for inclusion were children and adolescents of between 5 and 17 years and who agreed to sign the informed consent form. The study excluded students with neurological problems or who had documented abnormalities of the urinary tract. To identify the presence and severity of LUTD, we used the Voiding Dysfunction Symptom Score (DVSS)...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687820/solifenacin-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overactive-bladder-results-of-a-phase-3-randomised-clinical-trial
#5
Donald Newgreen, Brigitte Bosman, Adriana Hollestein-Havelaar, Ellen Dahler, Robin Besuyen, Will Sawyer, Stéphane Bolduc, Søren Rittig
BACKGROUND: Solifenacin, an effective, well-tolerated treatment for adult overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms, has not been evaluated in placebo-controlled paediatric clinical trials. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of once-daily oral solifenacin suspension in OAB patients aged 5-<12 yr (children) and 12-<18 yr (adolescents). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The study involved a 4-wk urotherapy run-in followed by 1:1 randomisation to 12-wk double-blind solifenacin or placebo treatment alongside urotherapy...
September 28, 2016: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671985/rapunzel-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-hypoproteinaemia-and-review-of-literature
#6
Waqas Ullah, Kaiser Saleem, Ejaz Ahmad, Faiz Anwer
Rapunzel syndrome is an extremely rare condition associated with trichophagia (hair eating disorder) secondary to a psychiatric illness called trichotillomania (hair-pulling behaviour). It is most commonly seen in children and adolescents. Untreated cases can lead to a number of complications. We present a case of a middle-aged woman with sudden intractable vomiting and constipation associated with bilateral pedal oedema and significant weight loss. Laboratory investigations revealed low serum protein levels...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649004/study-of-intestinal-function-in-anorectal-malformations-the-role-of-bowel-management-in-quality-of-life
#7
Laura Lombardi, Elena Garrisi, Matteo Ricco', Federico Marchesi, Emilio Casolari, Claudia Gatti, Carmine G Del Rossi
PURPOSE: We aimed at investigating bowel function in children and adolescents with anorectal malformations (ARMs) and assess their quality of life (QoL), in order to define a personal program of bowel management improving both clinical condition and self-confidence. METHODS: A total of 55 patients treated for ARM by Posterior Sagittal Ano-Recto-Plasty (PSARP) from 2000 to 2014 were included into the study. The parents of 41 patients answered two telephone questionnaires about the parents' self-efficacy and about QoL (GIQLI)...
September 13, 2016: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579696/gender-age-and-prevalence-of-pediatric-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-constipation-in-colombia-a-population-based-study
#8
Peter L Lu, Carlos A Velasco-Benítez, Miguel Saps
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the role of gender and age in the prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional constipation (FC) in Colombian children. We hypothesized that the prevalence of IBS and FC would be higher in female adolescents than younger female children, with no corresponding difference in males. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study of Colombian children. Subjects completed the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms-Rome III...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554498/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-among-adolescents-in-delhi-based-on-rome-iii-criteria-a-school-based-survey
#9
Vidyut Bhatia, Shivani Deswal, Swati Seth, Akshay Kapoor, Anupam Sibal, Sarath Gopalan
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal diseases (FGIDs) are emerging as an important cause of morbidity in adolescents globally. The prevalence of FGIDs among Indian children or adolescents is not clear. METHODS: A cross-sectional school-based survey conducted in 1115 children aged 10-17 years attending four semi urban government schools of National capital territory (NCT) of Delhi. Rome III questionnaire was translated into Hindi and was filled by the students under supervision...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546626/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-mexican-schoolchildren
#10
G Dhroove, M Saps, C Garcia-Bueno, A Levya Jiménez, L L Rodriguez-Reynosa, C A Velasco-Benítez
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Functional gastrointestinal disorders are among the most common chronic disorders in children worldwide. Studies in schoolchildren from various Latin American countries have shown a high prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders, but their prevalence in Mexican schoolchildren is unknown. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders in Mexican schoolchildren in accordance with the Rome III criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children and adolescents from public and private schools in Monterrey and Cuernavaca privately completed the Spanish version of the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms-Rome III Version (QPGS-III) in class, using the same methods and questionnaires of previous studies conducted by our group in other Latin American countries...
August 19, 2016: Revista de Gastroenterología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539957/pudendal-nerve-entrapment-leading-to-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-arfid-a-case-report
#11
Karen Tsai, Deepan Singh, Aaron Pinkhasov
Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a diagnosis in diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-5 (DSM-5) manifested by persistent failure to meet nutritional and/or energy needs. Pudendal nerve entrapment (PNE) often causes pelvic discomfort in addition to constipation and painful bowel movements. Current literature on ARFID is sparse and focuses on the pediatric and adolescent population. No association between PNE and ARFID has been described. We present a case of ARFID in an adult male with PNE resulting from subsequent scarring from testicular cancer surgery...
August 19, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422801/-detection-of-helicobacter-pylori-in-children-and-adolescents-using-the-monoclonal-coproantigen-immunoassay-and-its-association-with-gastrointestinal-diseases
#12
Verónica Castillo-Montoya, Eduardo Ruiz-Bustos, Mauro Eduardo Valencia-Juillerat, Gerardo Álvarez-Hernández, Norberto Sotelo-Cruz
BACKGROUND: Infection by Helicobacter pylori (H. pilory) affects 50% of the world population. Simple methods for its detection are now available. OBJECTIVES: To identify H. pylori by using a monoclonal coproantigen technique in paediatric patients, and to determine its association with gastrointestinal diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 110 subjects aged 1 to 18 years. The study variables included: Family history of gastrointestinal disease, age, gender, gastrointestinal symptoms, as well as apparently healthy (asymptomatic) subjects...
July 12, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403609/constipation-and-constipation-predominant-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-comparative-study-using-rome-iii-criteria
#13
Shaman Rajindrajith, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Marc Alexander Benninga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to compare functional constipation (FC) and constipation predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) in adolescents. METHOD: A school based survey was conducted involving adolescents aged 13-18 years. A set of validated questionnaires including Rome III questionnaire for functional gastrointestinal disorders in children/adolescents, somatization inventory, quality of life inventory, and childhood traumatic events inventory were used for data collection...
July 11, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402734/psychological-maladjustment-and-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-with-constipation
#14
Nishadi Ranasinghe, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Marc Alexander Benninga, Marieke van Dijk, Shaman Rajindrajith
OBJECTIVES: To assess psychological maladjustment in adolescents with functional constipation. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in five schools. Adolescents aged between 13 and 18 years were included in the study. Validated questionnaires were used to collect bowel habits and demographic data, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychological maladjustment. Rome III criteria were used to diagnose constipation. RESULTS: 1697 adolescents were recruited (boys 779 (45...
July 11, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385111/long-term-results-of-transanal-pull-through-for-hirschsprung-s-disease-a-meta-analysis
#15
J Zimmer, C Tomuschat, P Puri
INTRODUCTION: Several operative techniques have been developed for the treatment of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) in the past decades. Since one-stage transanal pull-through (TAPT) was first performed in 1998, multiple studies have shown favourable short-and midterm results compared to other techniques with shorter operation length, shorter hospital stay and lower complication rates. The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the longterm results following TAPT for HD. METHODS: A systematic literature search for relevant articles was performed in four databases using the following terms "Hirschsprung/Hirschsprung's disease", "aganglionosis", "transanal", "pullthrough/pull-through", "longterm/long-term" "results", "follow-up" and "outcome"...
August 2016: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27294660/sacral-neuromodulation-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-constipation-refractory-to-conservative-treatment
#16
Aart A van der Wilt, Bart P W van Wunnik, Rosel Sturkenboom, Ingrid J Han-Geurts, Jarno Melenhorst, Marc A Benninga, Cor G M I Baeten, Stephanie O Breukink
PURPOSE: Functional constipation in children and adolescents is a common and invalidating condition. In a minority of patients, symptoms persist despite optimal conservative therapy. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the short-term effects of sacral neuromodulation (SNM) in children and adolescents with constipation are sustained over prolonged period of time. METHODS: Patients aged 10-20 years, with refractory constipation, fulfilling the Rome III criteria, were included in our study...
August 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221836/efficacy-and-safety-of-neurokinin-1-receptor-antagonists-for-prevention-of-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Dong-Mei Yuan, Qian Li, Qin Zhang, Xin-Wu Xiao, Yan-Wen Yao, Yan Zhang, Yan-Ling Lv, Hong-Bin Liu, Tang-Feng Lv, Yong Song
OBJECTIVES: Can addition of neurokinin-1 receptor antagonists (NK1-RAs) be considered as an ideal strategy for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV)? Researchers differ on this question. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for randomized control trials (RCTs) that evaluated the effectiveness and safety of NK1-RAs in preventing CINV. The primary end point was complete response (CR) in the acute, delayed, and overall phases after chemotherapy...
2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27175718/acute-abdominal-pain-in-children
#18
Carin E Reust, Amy Williams
Acute abdominal pain accounts for approximately 9% of childhood primary care office visits. Symptoms and signs that increase the likelihood of a surgical cause for pain include fever, bilious vomiting, bloody diarrhea, absent bowel sounds, voluntary guarding, rigidity, and rebound tenderness. The age of the child can help focus the differential diagnosis. In infants and toddlers, clinicians should consider congenital anomalies and other causes, including malrotation, hernias, Meckel diverticulum, or intussusception...
May 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27164219/adolescents-and-adults-affected-by-cornelia-de-lange-syndrome-a-report-of-73-italian-patients
#19
Milena Mariani, Valentina Decimi, Laura Rachele Bettini, Silvia Maitz, Cristina Gervasini, Maura Masciadri, Paola Ajmone, Gaia Kullman, Marco Dinelli, Roberto Panceri, Anna Cereda, Angelo Selicorni
Cornelia de Lange syndrome (CdLS) is a rare genetic condition related to mutation of various cohesion complex related genes. Its natural history is quite well characterized as regard pediatric age. Relatively little information is available regarding the evolution of the disease in young-adult age. In medical literature, only one specific study has been published on this topic. We report on our experience on 73 Italian CdLS patients (40 males and 33 females) with and age range from 15 to 49 years. Our results confirm the previous study indicating that gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the main medical problem of these patients in childhood and young-adult age...
June 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27156185/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-adolescents
#20
Meredith L Lewis, Olafur S Palsson, William E Whitehead, Miranda A L van Tilburg
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders (FGIDs) in children and adolescents in a representative community sample of the US. STUDY DESIGN: The study recruited a general population sample of mothers (n = 949) of children and adolescents aged 4-18 years. Child and adolescent GI symptoms were assessed using parental report through online questionnaires, including the Questionnaire on Pediatric Gastrointestinal Symptoms and the PedsQL4...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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