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Constipation in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737843/non-steroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-nsaids-for-cancer-related-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Lauren C Heathcote, Brian Anderson, Marie-Claude Grégoire, Gustaf Ljungman, Christopher Eccleston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for pharmacological treatments for persisting pain in children acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. Views on children's pain have changed over time and relief of pain is now seen as important. In the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, and it was assumed that children quickly forgot about painful experiences...
July 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638232/epidemiology-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#2
Alexandre Canon Boronat, Ana Paula Ferreira-Maia, Alicia Matijasevich, Yuan-Pang Wang
AIM: To assess the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children and adolescents. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Scopus databases were searched for original articles from inception to September 2016. The literature search was made in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations. For inclusion, each study had to report epidemiological data on FGIDs in children between 4 and 18 years old and contain standardized outcome based on Rome II, III or IV criteria...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581533/gastrointestinal-complications-and-refeeding-guidelines-in-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa
#3
REVIEW
Żaneta Malczyk, Joanna Małgorzata Oświęcimska
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is the third most common disorder, after obesity and asthma, in the population of adolescents between 13-18 years of age. Food intake reduction is associated with whole body dysfunction, affecting its physical, psychological and social spheres. As a result of starvation, dysfunction develops in virtually all systems and organs. However, most frequently patients with AN complain of digestive symptoms, such as a feeling of fullness after meals, pain in the upper abdomen, dysphagia, nausea, bloating and constipation...
April 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562300/fruit-juice-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-current-recommendations
#4
Melvin B Heyman, Steven A Abrams
Historically, fruit juice was recommended by pediatricians as a source of vitamin C and as an extra source of water for healthy infants and young children as their diets expanded to include solid foods with higher renal solute load. It was also sometimes recommended for children with constipation. Fruit juice is marketed as a healthy, natural source of vitamins and, in some instances, calcium. Because juice tastes good, children readily accept it. Although juice consumption has some benefits, it also has potential detrimental effects...
May 22, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541259/functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-a-survey-on-clinical-approach-in-the-mediterranean-area
#5
Elena Scarpato, Paolo Quitadamo, Enriqueta Roman, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Sanja Kolacek, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Eleftheria Roma, Raanan Shamir, Michal R B Lev, Branko Lutovac, Veselinka Djurisic, Rok Orel, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Vincenzo Coppola, Enrico Corazziari, Annamaria Staiano
OBJECTIVES: Childhood functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common conditions associated with significant morbidity and high healthcare costs. This multicenter study aimed at assessing the clinical approach to infants (0-6 months) and children/adolescents (4-18 years) with suspected FGIDs by pediatricians from the Mediterranean Area. METHODS: A survey evaluating the diagnostic approach, including the use of Rome II and III criteria, and the therapeutic management of some of the most prevalent FGIDs, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), functional constipation (FC), and functional regurgitation (FR), was distributed to a sample of pediatricians...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537946/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-pelvic-floor-disorders-in-adolescents-a-diagnostic-framework-for-the-general-practitioner
#6
Anita Kochikar Pai, Sonia Arora Ballal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) can present with gastrointestinal complaints in the adolescent patient, and identification of PFDs is aided by clues in the history and physical examination apparent to the knowledgeable clinician. The aim of this article is to provide a framework for the diagnostic evaluation of the adolescent patient with a PFD and introduce management strategies. RECENT FINDINGS: Patients with PFDs can present with gastrointestinal symptoms, including abdominal pain, constipation, incomplete evacuation, and fecal incontinence or nongastrointestinal complaints around genitourinary symptoms or sexual health...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506854/long-term-safety-and-efficacy-of-solifenacin-in-children-and-adolescents-with-overactive-bladder
#7
Donald Newgreen, Brigitte Bosman, Adriana Hollestein-Havelaar, Ellen Dahler, Robin Besuyen, Robert Snijder, Will Sawyer, Søren Rittig, Stéphane Bolduc
PURPOSE: We evaluated the long-term safety and efficacy of once daily oral solifenacin suspension in children (5 to less than 12 years old) and adolescents (12 to less than 18 years old) with overactive bladder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a 40-week, open label extension of a 12-week double-blind, placebo controlled trial. Outcome measures included incidence and severity of adverse events (primary end point), laboratory variables, vital signs, 12-lead electrocardiogram, post-void residual volume, and change from baseline to end of treatment in mean number of micturitions and incontinence episodes per 24 hours, number of incontinence-free days per 7 days and number of grade 3 or 4 urgency episodes per 24 hours (adolescents only)...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471274/contrasting-phenotypes-in-resistance-to-thyroid-hormone-alpha-correlate-with-divergent-properties-of-thyroid-hormone-receptor-%C3%AE-1-mutant-proteins
#8
Carla Moran, Maura Agostini, Anne McGowan, Erik Schoenmakers, Louise Fairall, Greta Lyons, Odelia Rajanayagam, Laura Watson, Amaka Offiah, John Barton, Susan Price, John Schwabe, Krishna Chatterjee
BACKGROUND: Resistance to thyroid hormone alpha (RTHα), a disorder characterized by tissue-selective hypothyroidism and near-normal thyroid function tests due to thyroid receptor alpha gene mutations, is rare but probably under-recognized. This study sought to correlate the clinical characteristics and response to thyroxine (T4) therapy in two adolescent RTHα patients with the properties of the THRA mutation, affecting both TRα1 and TRα2 proteins, they harbored. METHODS: Clinical, auxological, biochemical, and physiological parameters were assessed in each patient at baseline and after T4 therapy...
July 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450053/water-and-fluid-intake-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-functional-constipation-in-children-and-adolescents-is-there-evidence
#9
Sabine Nunes Boilesen, Soraia Tahan, Francine Canova Dias, Lígia Cristina Fonseca Lahoz Melli, Mauro Batista de Morais
OBJECTIVE: To study the evidence on the role of water and fluid intake in the prevention and treatment of functional intestinal constipation in children and adolescents. SOURCE OF DATA: A search was carried out in the Medline database (between 1966 and 2016) for all published articles containing the following words: constipation, water, and fluids, published in Portuguese, English, and Spanish. All original articles that assessed children and adolescents were selected by title and abstract...
April 25, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446425/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-functional-constipation-in-adolescent-nigerians
#10
Ekong Emmanuel Udoh, Shaman Rajindrajith, Niranga Manjuri Devanarayana, Marc A Benninga
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence and risk factors for functional constipation (FC) in adolescent Nigerians. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted in rural and urban areas of two states in the southern part of Nigeria. Adolescents aged 10-18 years were recruited from 11 secondary schools, using a stratified random sampling technique. A validated self-administered questionnaire on Rome III criteria for diagnosing FC and its predisposing factors was filled by each participant in a classroom setting...
April 26, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444706/adolescents-with-nocturnal-enuresis-and-daytime-urinary-incontinence-how-can-pediatric-and-adult-care-be-improved-ici-rs-2015
#11
REVIEW
Alexander von Gontard, Linda Cardozo, Angie Rantell, Jens-Christian Djurhuus
AIMS: Nocturnal enuresis (NE) and daytime urinary incontinence (DUI) are common in adolescents. The aim of this paper was to review studies on prevalence, clinical symptoms and associated risk factors and to formulate recommendations for assessment and treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic Scopus search was performed and relevant publications were selected. The topic was discussed during the ICI-RS meeting in 2015. RESULTS: One to two percent of older adolescents are affected by NE and 1% by DUI...
April 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434632/obesity-and-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-children-and-adolescents-further-research-into-new-relationships
#12
L G A Fraga, A Sampaio, N Boa-Sorte, M L Veiga, A A Nascimento Martinelli Braga, U Barroso
INTRODUCTION: Lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD) involves faults in the filling and emptying phases of bladder function in toilet-trained children with no previous infection or any other obvious pathology. Lower urinary tract dysfunction is associated with conditions such as vesicoureteral reflux, recurrent urinary infection, behavioral alterations and decreased quality of life. The literature suggests an association between LUTD and obesity; however, the association between each individual symptom and obesity has yet to be evaluated...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404068/association-between-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-and-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#13
Julie Le Gal, Jean-Francois Michel, Victoria Elisa Rinaldi, Daniele Spiri, Raffaella Moretti, Donatella Bettati, Silvia Romanello, Paola Berlese, Rosa Lualdi, Priscilla Boizeau, Jerome Viala, Marc Bellaiche, Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti, Giovanni Crichiutti, Corinne Alberti, Luigi Titomanlio
BACKGROUND: Functional gastrointestinal disorders and migraine are both common causes of medical attention. We have previously shown an association between migraine and infant colic. In this case-control study, we aimed to establish whether there is an association between migraine and other functional gastrointestinal disorders in children and adolescents. METHODS: We included children and adolescents aged 6-17 years presenting to the emergency department of four tertiary hospitals in France and Italy...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401050/the-new-rome-iv-criteria-for-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-infants-and-toddlers
#14
REVIEW
Judith Zeevenhooven, Ilan J N Koppen, Marc A Benninga
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common worldwide and cover a wide range of disorders attributable to the gastrointestinal tract that cannot be explained by structural or biochemical abnormalities. The diagnosis of these disorders relies on the symptom-based Rome criteria. In 2016 the Rome criteria were revised for infants/toddlers and for children and adolescents. In this review, we discuss the novel Rome IV criteria for infants and toddlers. The criteria for infant colic were drastically changed, whereas only minor changes were made for regurgitation, cyclic vomiting syndrome, functional diarrhea, infant dyschezia and functional constipation...
March 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351539/cardiovascular-autonomic-dysfunction-in-children-and-adolescents-with-rett-syndrome
#15
Ajay Kumar, Ashok Jaryal, Sheffali Gulati, Biswaroop Chakrabarty, Akanksha Singh, K K Deepak, R M Pandey, Neerja Gupta, Savita Sapra, Madhulika Kabra, Rajni Khajuria
BACKGROUND: Autonomic dysfunction is common in children with Rett syndrome. They usually manifest with agitation, persistent screaming, constipation, gastroesophageal reflux, aerophagia, hyperventilation, and breath-holding episodes. Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction may result in fatal a arrhythmia. Many of these events are mistaken for seizures and treated with antiepileptics. METHODS: The present study was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital in north India for more than a six month period...
May 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342737/are-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-in-children-associated-with-urinary-symptoms-in-their-mothers
#16
Ariane S Sampaio, Luis Gustavo A Fraga, Bruno A Salomão, Júlia B Oliveira, Camila L Seixas, Maria Luiza Veiga, José Murillo B Netto, Ubirajara Barroso
BACKGROUND: The association between parents who suffered daytime incontinence as children and children who are incontinence has been reported. However, the association of lower urinary tract (LUT) dysfunction in children and urinary symptoms in mothers has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the children of mothers with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are more likely to have urinary symptoms. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional multicenter study was conducted in two cities in Brazil...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281483/an-adolescent-with-prolapsed-omentum-per-rectum-spontaneous-rectal-perforation-managed-laparoscopically
#17
Ameet Kumar, Chandra K Jakhmola, Yogesh Kukreja, S S Kumar, Arjun Singh Sandhu
Spontaneous rupture of the rectum is a rare occurrence. A total laparoscopic approach to rectal perforation has only occasionally been reported. We report an unusual case of a young boy who developed a spontaneous rupture of the rectum following a trivial fall. A magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tear in the rectum at the peritoneal reflection with the omentum plugging it. He denied any history of rectal instrumentation or abnormal sexual activity. He had no history of constipation or rectal prolapse. The tear was repaired laparoscopically and a covering loop sigmoid colostomy was added...
April 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225494/a-unique-case-of-inflammatory-fibroid-polyp-in-the-duodenum-of-a-female-adolescent-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
REVIEW
Mauricio Giusti Calderon, Valéria Campos Caivano, Sauro Bagnaresi, José Ozório de Oliveira Lira, Rodrigo Daminello Raimundo, Luiz Carlos de Abreu, João Antonio Correa
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory fibroid polyp (IFP) is a very rare benign condition in children that can occur throughout the gastrointestinal tract. It is characterized as a polypoid lesion originating in the submucosa, composed of connective tissue and eosinophilic infiltrate. It is most common in the stomach and in adults between the fifth and seventh decades of life. Its occurrence is unusual in the duodenum. CASE SUMMARY: One case of duodenal IFP was described and the literature is reviewed with emphasis on the clinical and pathological features of IFP in children...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141730/-footprints-in-the-bathroom-the-role-of-spirituality-in-patient-diagnosis
#19
Veronica Meneses, Douglas Vanderbilt, Linda Barnes, Marilyn Augustyn
Lucy is a 12-year-old Latina whose mother brought her to the pediatric clinic for help with her anxiety symptoms, "hearing voices," and episodes of "spacing out." Lucy did not cry at birth secondary to vocal cord paralysis and still has the tracheostomy performed at a few days of life. In addition to her neonatal intensive care unit stay, she has been hospitalized for pneumonia. Her mother says she is "sickly" and has a weak immune system due to her asthma symptoms. Lucy also experiences somatic complaints related to gastroesophageal reflux and constipation...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000647/an-adolescent-with-prolapsed-omentum-per-rectum-spontaneous-rectal-perforation-managed-laparoscopically
#20
Ameet Kumar, Chandra K Jakhmola, Yogesh Kukreja, S S Kumar, Arjun Singh Sandhu
Spontaneous rupture of the rectum is a rare occurrence. A total laparoscopic approach to rectal perforation has only occasionally been reported. We report an unusual case of a young boy who developed a spontaneous rupture of the rectum following a trivial fall. A magnetic resonance imaging revealed a tear in the rectum at the peritoneal reflection with the omentum plugging it. He denied any history of rectal instrumentation or abnormal sexual activity. He had no history of constipation or rectal prolapse. The tear was repaired laparoscopically and a covering loop sigmoid colostomy was added...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
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