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Eosinophilic pneumonia

Kyoko Otani, Dai Inoue, Tomoo Itoh, Yoh Zen
AIMS: The diagnosis of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) requires a multidisciplinary approach, in which histology plays an important role. Although a diagnosis was previously established using surgically resected specimens, there is increasing clinical demand to diagnose this systemic condition by biopsies. The present study aimed to elucidate how useful transbronchial lung biopsies (TBLBs) are for this diagnostic purpose. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study cohort consisted of 20 consecutive patients diagnosed with IgG4-RD in other organs who underwent TBLBs for potential pulmonary involvement...
March 11, 2018: Histopathology
Akshay Khatri, Abhinav Agrawal, Rutuja R Sikachi, Dhruv Mehta, Sonu Sahni, Nikhil Meena
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumors (IMT) of the lung, first reported in 1939, are considered a subset of inflammatory pseudo -tumors. They are a distinctive lesions composed of myofibroblastic spindle cells accompanied by an inflammatory infiltrate of plasma cells, lymphocytes, and eosinophils. IMTs may be benign, invade surrounding structures, undergo malignant transformation, recur or may even metastasize. They can occur due to a genetic mutation or can occur secondary to infectious or autoimmune diseases...
2018: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
Felix Reyes, Vytas Vaitkus, Mohammad Al-Ajam
Cocaine is a commonly abused recreational drug in the United States. An adult man developed non-specific pleuritic chest pain, pharyngitis and odynophagia after inhaling cocaine. Initial laboratory results revealed eosinophilia. Bronchoalveolar lavage also showed eosinophilia in the lavage fluid. These findings suggested the diagnosis of eosinophilic pneumonia. Chest imaging revealed scattered bilateral opacities and interstitial infiltrates. After initiation of systemic corticosteroids, the patient reported symptomatic resolution and radiographic clearance was achieved at 2 months follow up...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
A M Canonne, I Peters, E Roels, L Desquilbet, C Clercx
In humans, Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Bordetella pertussis infections are suggested to trigger or exacerbate asthma. Whether Mycoplasma or Bordetella are associated with chronic inflammatory bronchial diseases in dogs has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to assess detection rates of Mycoplasma canis (M. canis), M. cynos and Bordetella bronchiseptica (Bb), in dogs with eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy (EBP) and chronic bronchitis (CB), compared with healthy dogs. Specific quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis for M...
February 2018: Veterinary Journal
Ahrar Khan, M Kashif Saleemi, Farah Ali, Muhammad Abubakar, Riaz Hussain, Rao Zahid Abbas, Imtiaz Ahmad Khan
Peste des petits ruminants (PPR), an economically important viral transboundary disease of small ruminants is not only prevalent in Pakistan but also in other countries where people rely on agriculture and animal products. The present study was aimed at describing the pathology and antigen localization in natural PPR infections in local (Kajli sheep; Beetal goats) as well as imported small ruminant breeds (Dorper sheep; Australian Boer goat). Morbidity and mortality rates were significantly (P < 0.001) higher in indigenous Kajli sheep (75...
February 7, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
N Bayram, Y Karakan, M Uyar, B Ozyurt, A Filiz
INTRODUCTION: Pleural effusion is a common clinical problem with management difficulties. The aim of this study is to evaluate vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in differential diagnosis of pleural effusions and the presence of correlation between radiological features and biochemical properties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included patients with pleural effusion. VEGF levels in the pleural fluid were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: A total of 97 patients who had exudative pleural effusion related to lung cancer (n = 17), nonpulmonary malignancies (n = 25), mesothelioma (n = 9), pneumonia (n = 14), tuberculosis (n = 8), miscellaneous causes (n = 6), and transudative effusion (n = 18) were included...
January 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Donald P Tashkin, Michael E Wechsler
COPD is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. In some patients with COPD, eosinophils contribute to inflammation that promotes airway obstruction; approximately a third of stable COPD patients have evidence of eosinophilic inflammation. Although the eosinophil threshold associated with clinical relevance in patients with COPD is currently subject to debate, eosinophil counts hold potential as biomarkers to guide therapy. In particular, eosinophil counts may be useful in assessing which patients may benefit from inhaled corticosteroid therapy, particularly regarding exacerbation prevention...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Yuzo Suzuki, Takafumi Suda
Chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP) is an inflammatory disease characterized by accumulations of eosinophils in the lung with unknown etiology. Although corticosteroid treatment dramatically resolves these inflammations, relapse is common during the course of the disease. Approximately 50% of patients with CEP experience relapse. Subsequent to persistent disease and repeated relapse, and in cases of combined severe asthma, some CEP patients are administered corticosteroids indefinitely. Similar to patients with severe asthma who are often steroid dependent, a number of CEP patients exhibit prolonged persistent impairment of pulmonary function...
January 23, 2018: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
Silvia Pires, Rudy Jacquet, Dane Parker
Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of both community- and healthcare-acquired pneumonias. Inducible costimulator (ICOS) is part of the CD28 family of proteins and is a target for immune checkpoint therapy. We found ICOS highly expressed on activated CD4 cells in response to S. aureus. In the absence of ICOS, mice had improved survival in a pneumonia model with the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain USA300 and significant reductions in bacterial burden in a nonlethal acute pneumonia model...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Carmi Bartal, Iftach Sagy, Leonid Barski
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Eosinophilic pneumonia (EP) is an important subset of patients who present with pulmonary infiltrates and eosinophilia (PIE). EP is classified by chronicity and etiology and drug-induced EP is the main cause of secondary EP. The primary goal of this review was to examine all the case reports published since the syndrome was defined in 1990. It remains unclear whether acute or chronic EP (AEP or CEP) represent different diseases, and the secondary goal of this review is to determine if there are factors that may help distinguish these 2 entities...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Guan-Liang Chen, Chun-Han Wu, Wann-Cherng Perng
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis is a systemic vasculitis. It could affect respiratory system, kidney, and central nervous system frequently; however, all body organs could be involved. Asthma and eosinophilic pneumonia are predominant manifestations in respiratory system. Bronchoalveolar lavage or lung biopsy may be used for diagnosis, but endobronchial lesion is not considered as a manifestation of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Here we present a case of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis with unusual endobronchial lesion which was confirmed by endobronchial biopsy...
December 2017: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
Richard R Watkins, George Yendewa, Steven D Burdette, Sophia Horattas, Nairmeen Awad Haller, Caroline Mangira, Robert A Salata, Robert A Bonomo
OBJECTIVES: Spine infections lead to considerable morbidity and high cost to the global health care system. Currently, the evidence for using ceftaroline, an advanced-generation cephalosporin active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), in spine infections is limited. METHODS: Describing Infections of the Spine treated with Ceftaroline (DISC) is a multicenter retrospective cohort study that evaluated ceftaroline for treating spine infections...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Masayuki Itoh, Kazutetsu Aoshiba, Yoriko Herai, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Tamiko Takemura
A 46-year-old healthy man developed respiratory distress, night sweats, fever, and weight loss after using electronic cigarettes (e-cigs) for approximately 1 month. He presented to the hospital when the symptoms worsened 2 months after onset. The findings of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid examination and the following transbronchial lung biopsy examination led to the diagnosis of acute alveolitis: intra-alveolar fibrosis accompanied with exudate containing abundant lipid-laden macrophages, eosinophils, and neutrophils...
January 2018: Respirology Case Reports
Eduardo Laviña-Soriano, Ana Ampuero-López, José Luis Izquierdo-Alonso
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 16, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
Mohamad Rachid, Khansa Ahmad, Meghan Saunders-Kurban, Aelia Fatima, Aditya Shah, Anas Nahhas
Background: Daptomycin is a cyclic lipopeptide antibiotic that provides great coverage for gram positive cocci. From the early years of daptomycin use, concerns were raised regarding the pulmonary side effects of daptomycin and potential development of acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) secondary to daptomycin therapy. Discussion: AEP could be idiopathic or induced by drugs or toxins. It is a distinct entity from atopic diseases and autoimmune, parasitic, or fungal infections that can also cause pulmonary eosinophilia...
2017: Case Reports in Pulmonology
Anupam Kumar, Sujith V Cherian, Robert Vassallo, Eunhee S Yi, Jay H Ryu
Tobacco exposure results in various changes to the airways and lung parenchyma. Although emphysema represents the more common injury pattern, in some individuals, cigarette smoke injures alveolar epithelial cells and other lung cells, resulting in diffuse infiltrates and parenchymal fibrosis. Smoking can trigger interstitial injury patterns mediated via recruitment and inappropriate persistence of myeloid and other immune cells, including eosinophils. As our understanding of the role of cigarette smoke constituents in triggering lung injury continues to evolve, so does our recognition of the spectrum of smoking-related interstitial lung changes...
December 5, 2017: Chest
Jad Kebbe, Tony Abdo
Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) form one of the most fascinating fields in pulmonary medicine. They also pose one of the greatest challenges for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. Even within the recommended and warranted multidisciplinary approach, differentiating between one disease and another may lead to frustration, especially when proper lung tissue is not available for adequate pathological review. A surgical lung biopsy (SLB) might render enough tissue for histopathology, but this could come at the expense of high morbidity and even mortality, as in the case of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Federica De Giacomi, Robert Vassallo, Eunhee S Yi, Jay H Ryu
Acute eosinophilic pneumonia (AEP) is an uncommon acute respiratory illness of varying severity that includes presentation as acute respiratory distress syndrome with fatal outcome. AEP may be idiopathic, but identifiable causes include smoking and other inhalational exposures, medications, and infections. The pathogenesis of AEP is poorly understood but likely varies depending on the underlying cause. Airway epithelial injury, endothelial injury, and release of IL-33 are early events that subsequently promote eosinophil recruitment to the lung; eosinophilic infiltration and degranulation appear to mediate subsequent lung inflammation and associated clinical manifestations...
March 15, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Yonas Raru, Fuad Zeid, Shannon Browning, Elizabeth Saunders
We present two cases of daptomycin-induced eosinophilic pneumonia with characteristic chest x ray, CT scan and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) findings. It is not a commonly seen complication of Daptomycin but when it happens, it could cause a diagnostic and treatment dilemma. Patients could present acutely with hypoxic respiratory failure or a less dramatic chronic presentation is also possible. Our two patients presented with acute hypoxic respiratory failure and presentation resembles that of an infectious etiology...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Yu-Jui Chang, Mel S Lee, Chen-Hsiang Lee, Po-Chun Lin, Feng-Chih Kuo
BACKGROUND: Resistant staphylococcal organisms remain a serious problem in the treatment of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). Higher failure rates have been reported when vancomycin was used. The purpose of this study was to assess the clinical dosage, effect, and safety of daptomycin in patients with resistant staphylococcal PJI. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled patients with hip or knee PJI who were treated with daptomycin in our institution (n = 16) from January 2013 to December 2014 with a minimum follow-up of 2 years...
November 29, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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