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Leukemia lymphoma pediatric oncology

Małgorzata Janeczko-Czarnecka, Maryna Krawczuk-Rybak, Irena Karpińska-Derda, Maciej Niedźwiecki, Katarzyna Musioł, Magdalena Ćwiklińska, Katarzyna Drabko, Katarzyna Mycko, Tomasz Ociepa, Katarzyna Pawelec, Danuta Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, Marek Ussowicz, Blanka Rybka, Renata Ryczan-Krawczyk, Andrzej Kołtan, Grażyna Karolczyk, Agnieszka Zaucha-Prażmo, Wanda Badowska, Krzysztof Kałwak
BACKGROUND: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) constitutes only 2-3% of all leukemias in pediatric patients. Philapelphia chromosome and BCR-ABL fusion are genetic hallmarks of CML, and their presence is crucial for targeted molecular therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), which replaced hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) as a standard first-line therapy. The disease in pediatric population is rare, and despite molecular and clinical similarities to CML in adults, different approach is needed, due to the long lifetime expectancy and distinct developmental characteristics of affected children...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Laura S Gilchrist, Lynn R Tanner
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence and short-term recovery of balance control in children and adolescents receiving neurotoxic treatment for noncentral nervous system cancers and to investigate the association of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy and balance control. METHODS: Sixty-five children and adolescents diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma, or other solid tumors were tested 3 to 6 months into treatment and 3 and 6 months following treatment using the Bruininks-Oseretsky Balance Subscale and Pediatric Modified Total Neuropathy Scale scores of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN)...
March 1, 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Paul Gibson, Jason D Pole, Tanya Lazor, Donna Johnston, Carol Portwine, Mariana Silva, Sarah Alexander, Lillian Sung
Using a previously developed reliable and valid treatment-related mortality (TRM) definition, our objective was to describe the proportion of children newly diagnosed with cancer experiencing TRM and to identify risk factors for TRM in a population-based cohort. We included children with cancer <19 years diagnosed and treated in Ontario who were diagnosed between 2003 and 2012. Children with cancer were identified using data in a provincial registry. Cumulative incidence of TRM was calculated where progressive disease death was considered a competing event...
February 23, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Wilhelmenia L Ross, Alyssa Le, Daniel J Zheng, Hannah-Rose Mitchell, Jaime Rotatori, Fangyong Li, John T Fahey, Kirsten K Ness, Nina S Kadan-Lottick
PURPOSE: Childhood cancer patients report low physical activity levels despite the risk for long-term complications that may benefit from exercise. Research is lacking regarding exercise barriers, preferences, and beliefs among patients (1) on- and off-therapy and (2) across the age spectrum. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in the Yale Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Clinic (October 2013-October 2014). Participants were ≥ 4 years old, > 1 month after cancer diagnosis at < 20 years, not acutely ill, expected to live > 6 months, and received chemotherapy and/or radiation...
January 27, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
A Theron, C Biron-Andreani, S Haouy, L Saumet, M Saguintah, E Jeziorski, N Sirvent
The survival rate of children with cancer is now close to 80 %, as a result of continuous improvement in diagnostic and treatment procedures. Prevention and treatment of treatment-associated complications is now a major challenge. Thromboembolic venous disease, due to multifactorial pathogenesis, is a frequent complication (up to 40 % asymptomatic thrombosis in children with cancer), responsible for significant morbidity. Predominantly in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, lymphoma, or sarcoma, thromboembolic disease justifies primary prophylaxis in certain populations at risk, whether genetic or environmental...
January 8, 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Maria Conceição Pereira, Joana S Pereira, Daniela Dias, Sara Donato, Duarte Salgado
Background: Many pediatric cancer survivors have endocrine conditions. After treatment with alkylating agents, steroids, methotrexate, and radiation, several endocrine dysfunctions may appear. Surveillance for late effects is recommended by guidelines worldwide. Objective: The objective of this study was to describe the endocrine outcomes of 764 patients followed during a 20 years' period in our out-patient clinic. Design: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
Kara L Davis, Archana M Agarwal, Anupam R Verma
Immune surveillance comprising of adaptive and innate immune systems is naturally designed to eliminate cancer development; overexpression of inhibitory receptors and their ligands prevent this check and lead to evasion and hence cancer progression and metastasis. The use of tumor-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) targeting these checkpoint regulators is promising and has led to this novel field of cancer immunotherapy. The first antibody directed against cytotoxic T-lymphocyte associated protein 4 (CTLA-4), ipilimumab, showed promising results in clinical trials and was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of metastatic melanoma in 2011...
September 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Teshager Worku, Zuriash Mengistu, Agumasie Semahegn, Gezahegn Tesfaye
BACKGROUND: In Ethiopia, there were greater than 2000 adult and 200 pediatric cancer patients annually in 2010, but the estimated number of cancer patients were increasing. Oncologic rehabilitation treatment may result in improved physical and mental impairment. There is a paucity of information about rehabilitation service utilization among cancer patients in Ethiopia. Hence, the purpose of this study was to assess the rehabilitation service for cancer patient and associated factors at Black Lion hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia...
November 16, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
Vered Shkalim-Zemer, Itzhak Levi, Salvador Fischer, Hannah Tamary, Joanne Yakobovich, Gali Avrahami, Gil Gilad, Sara Elitzur, Isaac Yaniv, Ronit Elhasid, Michal Manistersky, Itamar Shalit
BACKGROUND: Chronic disseminated candidiasis (CDC) is a severe invasive fungal infection principally observed during neutrophil recovery in patients with acute leukemia treated with intensive chemotherapy. Its pathophysiology remains unclear. We describe the management of six children with symptomatic CDC who did not respond to antifungal therapy. METHODS: The databases of the hematology-oncology departments of two tertiary pediatric medical centers were searched for all patients diagnosed with CDC from 2003 to 2015 who responded to corticosteroids after failing antifungal therapy...
November 14, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Alan S Wayne, Erika Shin-Kashiyama, Richard Sposto, Paul Gaynon
Despite great success in the development of curative therapies for pediatric hematologic malignancies, new approaches are needed to overcome resistance to treatment and to reduce associated side effects. The Therapeutic Advances in Childhood Leukemia and Lymphoma (TACL) Consortium is an early phase clinical trial group dedicated to developing innovative therapies for currently incurable pediatric leukemias and lymphomas ( ). In November of 2016, a TACL Investigator Meeting was held, the proceedings of which appear in this edition of Pediatric Hematology Oncology...
November 9, 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Rachel E Rau, ZoAnn Dreyer, Mi Rim Choi, Wei Liang, Roman Skowronski, Krishna P Allamneni, Meenakshi Devidas, Elizabeth A Raetz, Peter C Adamson, Susan M Blaney, Mignon L Loh, Stephen P Hunger
BACKGROUND: Erwinia asparaginase is a Food and Drug Administration approved agent for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) for patients who develop hypersensitivity to Escherichia coli derived asparaginases. Erwinia asparaginase is efficacious, but has a short half-life, requiring six doses to replace one dose of the most commonly used first-line asparaginase, pegaspargase, a polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugated E. coli asparaginase. Pegcristantaspase, a recombinant PEGylated Erwinia asparaginase with improved pharmacokinetics, was developed for patients with hypersensitivity to pegaspargase...
March 2018: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
K G Gopakumar, Priyakumari Thankamony, Shwetha Seetharam, Kusumakumary P
Rasburicase is a novel drug used during the management of tumor lysis syndrome. In countries with limited resources, it is frequently given at a lower dose and only for the treatment of established tumor lysis syndrome and not as prophylaxis. A retrospective study was conducted in the department of pediatric oncology at a tertiary referral oncology center in south India to analyze the use of rasburicase over the past 3 years. Data of all the 18 children (< 14 years of age) who were given rasburicase for the management of hyperuricemia were collected and analyzed...
May 2017: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Zoi Dorothea Pana, Maria Kourti, Katerina Vikelouda, Antonia Vlahou, Nikolaos Katzilakis, Maria Papageorgiou, Dimitrios Doganis, Loizos Petrikkos, Anna Paisiou, Dimitrios Koliouskas, Antonios Kattamis, Eftichia Stiakaki, Maria Chatzistilianou, Helen Vasilatou-Kosmidis, Sophia Polychronopoulou, Stelios Grafakos, Emmanuel Roilides
BACKGROUND: Antifungal prophylaxis (AFP) is recommended in at-risk hematology-oncology patients. We evaluated the safety of AFP with voriconazole (VRC) in pediatric hematology/oncology patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of VRC AFP in children with malignancies hospitalized in all 7 Greek pediatric hematology/oncology centers during 2008 to 2012 was conducted. Patients' demographics, outcome, and adverse event (AE) data were recorded. RESULTS: Four hundred twenty-nine VRC AFP courses in 249 patients (median age 6 y, 55% boys) were studied...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
Avani Dholakia Rao, Qinyu Chen, Ralph P Ermoian, Sara R Alcorn, Maria Luisa S Figueiredo, Michael J Chen, Karin Dieckmann, Shannon M MacDonald, Matthew M Ladra, Daria Kobyzeva, Alexey V Nechesnyuk, Kristina Nilsson, Eric C Ford, Brian A Winey, Rosangela C Villar, Stephanie A Terezakis
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The practice of palliative radiation therapy (RT) is based on extrapolation from adult literature. We evaluated patterns of pediatric palliative RT to describe regimens used to identify opportunity for future pediatric-specific clinical trials. DESIGN/METHODS: Six international institutions with pediatric expertise completed a 122-item survey evaluating patterns of palliative RT for patients ≤21 years old from 2010 to 2015. Two institutions use proton RT...
November 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Deborah Woods, Kari Winchester, Alison Towerman, Katie Gettinger, Christina Carey, Karen Timmermann, Rachel Langley, Emily Browne
PEG-aspariginase is a backbone chemotherapy agent in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia and in some non-Hodgkin lymphoma therapies. Nurses lack standardized guidelines for monitoring patients receiving PEG-asparaginase and for educating patients/families about hypersensitivity reaction risks. An electronic search of 6 databases using publication years 2000-2015 and multiple professional organizations and clinical resources was conducted. Evidence sources were reviewed for topic applicability. Each of the final 23 sources was appraised by 2 team members...
November 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
Allison K Pribnow, Roberta Ortiz, Luis Fulgencio Báez, Luvy Mendieta, Sandra Luna-Fineman
BACKGROUND: Most children with cancer live in resource-limited countries where malnutrition is often prevalent. We identified the relationship between malnutrition and treatment-related morbidity (TRM), abandonment of therapy, and survival of children with cancer in Nicaragua to better inform targeted nutritional interventions. PROCEDURE: We conducted a retrospective review of patients aged 6 months to 18 years with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia (AML), Wilms tumor, Hodgkin lymphoma, or Burkitt lymphoma (BL) who were treated between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2007 at Children's Hospital Manuel de Jesus Rivera in Managua, Nicaragua...
November 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Nathalie Vieira Balmant, Rejane de Souza Reis, Marceli de Oliveira Santos, Julio Pinto Oliveira, Beatriz de Camargo
PURPOSE: Adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer comprise an intermediate age group between pediatric and adult oncology, and have a spectrum of different types of cancers. Survival among this group has not improved as much as in younger children with cancer. The aim of this study was evaluate the trends in cancer mortality of AYA aged 15-29 years in Brazil. METHODS: Data were extracted from the Atlas of Cancer Mortality databases from 1979 to 2013. Age-specific mortality rates were calculated based on the deaths from each type of cancer and the period via a direct method using the proposed world population age groups...
June 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
Cara B Thurman, Maura Abbott, Jinfang Liu, Elaine Larson
This was a retrospective cohort study to identify the rates, predictors, and outcomes of health care-associated bloodstream infections (HA-BSI) among children with solid tumors, lymphoma, lymphoid leukemia, and myeloid leukemia. The study population included 4500 children ≤18 years old at a pediatric hospital in New York City from 2006 to 2014. A total of 147 HA-BSI cases were identified; using multivariable logistic regression modeling, children with a hematologic diagnosis (lymphoma, lymphoid leukemia, myeloid leukemia) were at greater risk for HA-BSI than those with a solid tumor diagnosis (all P values <...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
Stacy Cooper, Jeffrey Rubens, Joann Bodurtha
Pediatric cancer has undergone significant improvements in survival over the past several decades, in part due to a better understanding of the underlying genetic aberrations of each oncologic diagnosis, which has allowed for more effective targeted therapies. Pediatric brain tumors, leukemia, lymphoma, Wilms tumor, and retinoblastoma are exemplary pediatric cancers that each has specific epidemiology regarding children at risk as well as characteristic associated genetic lesions. These genetic features are more commonly being used to provide risk stratification, as well as to identify novel pathways for targeted therapy...
2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
Kam Lun Hon, Man Ping Luk, Wing Ming Fung, Cho Ying Li, Hiu Lee Yeung, Pui Kwun Liu, Shun Li, Kathy Yin Ching Tsang, Chi Kong Li, Paul Kay Sheung Chan, Kam Lau Cheung, Ting Fan Leung, Pei Lin Koh
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether diagnostic categories and presence of infections were associated with increased mortality or length of stay (LOS) in patients admitted to a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU). METHODS: A retrospective study of all PICU admissions between October 2002 and April 2016 was performed. Oncologic vs nononcologic, trauma/injuries vs nontraumatic, infectious (gram-positive, gram-negative, fungal bloodstream infections, common respiratory viruses) vs noninfectious diagnoses were evaluated for survival and LOS...
April 2017: Journal of Critical Care
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