Read by QxMD icon Read


Matthew G Crockett, Marcus J Drake
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) is a common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) in elderly men. However, such symptoms are often caused by primary detrusor overactivity or underactivity. Surgical management where BPO is absent or merely incidental has a lower chance of success, and exposes the patient to the potential complications of surgery. This review discusses the diagnostic challenges facing this common presentation. RECENT FINDINGS: Most evidence comes from small, historical prospective cohort studies...
March 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
Atsushi Aikawa, Masaki Muramatsu, Yusuke Takahashi, Yuko Hamasaki, Junya Hashimoto, Mai Kubota, Youji Hyoudou, Yoshihiro Itabashi, Takeshi Kawamura, Seiichiro Shishido
Lower urinary tract abnormalities are difficult to resolve in pediatric kidney transplant patients. Measure of residual urine, voiding cystourethrography, retrograde urethrography, cystometry, electromyography of urethral external sphincter muscle, urethrometry, and uroflowmetry are the primary methods for evaluation of lower urinary tract abnormalities. Endoscopic resection or ablation of urethral valves is required in children with posterior urethral valve to treat obstruction, but bladder function does not always recover and may deteriorate to end-stage renal failure even after the obstruction is released...
March 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
M Bogdanska, A Morris, J M Hutson, Y Heloury, S R Grover
BACKGROUND: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is an autosomal recessive condition resulting in excess androgen production. Females are typically born with ambiguous genitalia and often undergo feminising genitoplasty in infancy or childhood. Recently, there has been considerable international debate as to whether distressing urinary symptoms in CAH patients are truly present and, if so, whether these urinary problems are a consequence of the feminising genitoplasty. OBJECTIVE: To identify and assess any urinary symptoms in an Australian cohort of adolescent and adult women with CAH who have undergone feminising genitoplasty in infancy, childhood or adolescence as a part of their management...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Emilio Sacco, Carlo Gandi, Luigi Vaccarella, Salvatore Recupero, Marco Racioppi, Francesco Pinto, Angelo Totaro, Nazario Foschi, Giuseppe Palermo, Francesco Pierconti, Pierfrancesco Bassi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prospectively midterm outcomes of a new titanium-coated fixed polypropylene sling for male stress urinary incontinence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 01/2013 to 06/2016, 44 consecutive patients with incontinence caused by radical prostatectomy (39) or TURP (5) underwent transobturator two-arm titanium-coated sling (TiLOOP Male® ) implantation with an inside-out, single-incision technique, leaving the bulbourethral muscle in place. Patients have been assessed postoperatively with uroflowmetry, pad count, ICIQ-SF, IIQ-7, PGI-I, OABq, IPSS, satisfaction (yes/no)...
March 1, 2018: Urology
Ameeta L Nayak, Ilias Cagiannos, Luke T Lavallée, Chris Morash, Duane Hickling, Ranjeeta Mallick, Rodney H Breau
INTRODUCTION: An orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion aims to minimize the physical and psychological effects of radical cystectomy through avoidance of a stoma and maintenance of urethral voiding. Neobladder function reported in the literature ranges widely due to differences in patient selection and method of assessment. The objective of the study was to characterize functional outcomes of consecutive patients treated at a tertiary care hospital. METHODS: A historical cohort of patients who underwent radical cystectomy with a neobladder diversion performed at The Ottawa Hospital between January 2006 and December 2014 were reviewed...
February 23, 2018: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Sandeep Gupta, Sayak Roy, Dilip Kumar Pal
Objective: Optical internal urethrotomy is a feasible modality of treatment for short segment bulbar urethral strictures. Recurrence is an important problem after urethrotomy. This study aimed at evaluating the efficacy of oral steroid (deflazocort) in reducing the recurrence of strictures after urethrotomy. Up to date, no study has evaluated the role of oral steroids after urethrotomy. Material and methods: In this case-control study, patients undergoing urethrotomy (bulbar urethral strictures <2 cm) were divided into two groups according to patients receiving (Group 1) or not receiving (Group 2) oral steroid (deflazocort 6 mg tablets) after operation...
January 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
Libor Lunacek, Marcel Gärtner, Jan Krhut, David Mika, Radek Sykora, Peter Zvara
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to evaluate the intra-individual variability of uroflowmetry (UFM) in healthy control subjects and women suffering from stress, urge, and mixed urinary incontinence. METHODS: A total of 35 healthy controls (group A) and 105 women suffering from urinary incontinence were enrolled in the study. Thirty-five women suffered from stress urinary incontinence (group B), 35 women suffered from mixed urinary incontinence (group C), and 35 women with overactive bladder both dry and wet (group D)...
February 24, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
Cem Yucel, Mehmet Zeynel Keskin, Cetin Levent Peskircioglu
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of transdermal testosterone administration on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and erectile dysfunction (ED). Materials and Method: Sixty-two male patients with Ageing Male Symptom Questionnaire (AMS-Q) scores over 27 and a total serum testosterone level below 350 ng/dl (12.1 nmol/l) who presented to our urology clinic with complaints of LUTS and ED, were enrolled in this study. Uroflowmetry and the International Prostate Symptom Scale were used to evaluate the severity of LUTS...
November 2017: Current Urology
Pierluigi Marzuillo, Mario Diplomatico, Rosaria Marotta, Laura Perrone, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice, Cesare Polito, Angela La Manna, Stefano Guarino
INTRODUCTION: Since standardization of the ICCS terminology, only two small case series of children with extraordinary daytime only urinary frequency (EDOUF) have been published. The aims of the present study were i) to describe a large cohort of children affected by EDOUF, to evaluate its rate among the main micturition pediatric disturbances, and to determine if there is different EDOUF onset among seasons; ii) to investigate possible associations with urodynamic abnormalities by non-invasive techniques; iii) to evaluate whether postponing micturition exercise (PME) can objectively verify the anamnestic data hinting at the EDOUF diagnosis; and iv) to determine the effect of postponing micturition at home...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Pei-Shan Yang, Chien-Lun Chen, Chen-Pang Hou, Yu-Hsiang Lin, Ke-Hung Tsui
Purpose: The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of switching from 0.2 mg tamsulosin to 0.4 mg tamsulosin oral controlled absorption system (OCAS) over a 12-week period in Taiwanese men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Patients and methods: Taiwanese male patients who were dissatisfied with treatment with 0.2 mg tamsulosin were enrolled in this clinical study and switched to 0...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
C Errando-Smet, C Müller-Arteaga, M Hernández, M Roset
OBJECTIVES: To explore the management of lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS) in men in Spain and assess the compliance with recommendationsestablished in the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: MERCURY was an epidemiological and cross-sectionalstudy which involved 227 Urology Units across Spain assessing adult malepatients with mixed LUTS and persisting storage symptoms.Sociodemographic, clinical and resource use data for the 6 months priorto study inclusion were collected...
February 7, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Rajat Piplani, Satish K Aggarwal, Simmi K Ratan
Aims: To study the role of uroflowmetry in the preoperative and early postoperative period in children undergoing hypospadias repair. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six cases undergoing hypospadias repair over 1 year (tubularized incised plate [TIP] Snodgrass [17 patients], TIP with Snodgraft [5 patients], Duckett's onlay flap [2 patients], and Duckett's tube [2 patients] urethroplasty) were prospectively evaluated with preoperative ultrasound and uroflowmetry and postoperative uroflowmetry at 3 months after the surgery and at 6 and 9 months interval if these dates fell within the study period on follow-up...
January 2018: Urology Annals
L Topazio, C Perugia, C De Nunzio, G Gaziev, V Iacovelli, D Bianchi, G Vespasiani, E Finazzi Agrò
BACKGROUND: To investigate the efficacy of tamsulosin in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and benign prostatic enlargement (BPE) with intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP). Ultrasound measurement of the IPP has been previously described as an effective instrument for the evaluation of benign prostatic obstruction (BPO) and could help in clarifying the role of alpha-blockers in patients with (BPE). METHODS: Patients with BPE and LUTS were enrolled in this observational study...
February 2, 2018: BMC Urology
Han Jie Lee, Alvin Lee, Hong Hong Huang, Palaniappan Sundaram, Keong Tatt Foo
Objective: Despite high-grade intravesical prostatic protrusion (IPP) being closely related to bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), up to 21% of patients with low IPP remain obstructed. This study evaluates the characteristics and urodynamic findings of men with small prostates and low IPP. Methods: One hundred and fourteen men aged >50 years old with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) were assessed with symptoms, uroflowmetry, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), transabdominal ultrasound measurement of prostate volume (PV), IPP and post-void residual urine (PVRU)...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Urology
Kirill Vladimirovich Kosilov, Sergey Loparev, Irina Kuzina, Alexandra Prokofyeva
Background: This study examines subjective reasons for the refusal of treatment and the state of objective status markers of various factors influencing the resistance of patients when treating overactive bladder by antimuscarinic drugs (AMs). Methods: The socioeconomic and medical parameters were studied in 2465 patients aged 18-60 years (1446 women (58.7%), 1019 men (41.3%); mean age was 52.1) taking AMs during the year. The study control was carried out by studying passport data, employers' income certificates, patients' ambulatory medical records, the use of OABq-SF and MOS SF-36 questionnaires, voiding diaries and uroflowmetry...
December 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
I N Orlov, S V Popov, A G Martov, E A Gallyamov, S M Malevich, I V Sushina, E A Grin, A E Sanzharov, A B Novikov, V P Sergeev, A D Kochkin
AIM: To compare holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) and endovideosurgical (EVS) adenomectomy in the treatment of prostate adenoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared treatment results of 180 patients with prostate adenomas greater than 100 cm3 who underwent EVS adenomectomy (n=90) and laser enucleation of the prostate (n=90). The analysis included the following parameters: duration of catheterization, length of postoperative hospital stay, I-PSS score, maximum urinary flow rate measured by uroflowmetry and complications according to Clavien-Dindo grading systems...
December 2017: Urologii︠a︡
L Mateu, L Peri, A Franco, F Roldán, M Musquera, M J Ribal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the functional effects of prostatic cryosurgery on micturition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective study of men who underwent cryosurgery (CS) for prostate cancer between 2013 - 2015. Low urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and quality of life (QoL) were assessed 1 month before surgery using IPSS questionnaire, a three-day voiding diary (3DVD) and uroflowmetry with ultrasound-measured postvoid residual volume. Need of medical treatment for LUTS was also recorded...
January 20, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Ryosuke Takahashi, Minoru Miyazato, Hisae Nishii, Yasuhiro Sumino, Kazuo Takayama, Masako Onzuka, Takuma Oshiro, Seiichi Saito, Naohiro Fujimoto, Hiromitsu Mimata, Masatoshi Eto
OBJECTIVES: Effect of tadalafil on lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), erectile function and quality of life (QoL) were prospectively evaluated in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) at multicenter. METHODS: Eligible men were ≥40 years who had no treatment with alpha-blocker for BPH, with total International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥8, IPSS-QOL ≥2 and prostate volume ≥20 mL. Data were collected on age, body mass index (BMI), and prostate specific antigen (PSA)...
January 2018: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
Kang Hee Shim, Tae Woo Kim, Byung Ha Chung, Sung Won Lee, Jong Kwan Park, Kwangsung Park, Jun Cheon, Kyung Seop Lee, Hyung-Jee Kim, Do-Hwan Seong, Seung-June Oh, Sae Woong Kim, Ji Youl Lee, Seol Ho Choo, Jong Bo Choi
Purpose: To determine changes in autonomic nervous system activity after treatment in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), we evaluated changes in patients' symptoms, uroflowmetry, and heart rate variability (HRV) after treatment with alpha-blockers for 12 weeks. Materials and Methods: Ninety-five men who had LUTS (International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS] ≥8) were included in this study. We divided them into two groups on the basis of a low frequency/high frequency (LF/HF) ratio of 1...
January 2018: Investigative and Clinical Urology
Min Chul Cho, Won Hoon Song, Juhyun Park, Sung Yong Cho, Hyeon Jeong, Seung-June Oh, Jae-Seung Paick, Hwancheol Son
PURPOSE: We compared long-term storage symptom outcomes between photoselective laser vaporization of the prostate with a 120 W high performance system and holmium laser enucleation of the prostate. We also determined factors influencing postoperative improvement of storage symptoms in the long term. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Included in our study were 266 men, including 165 treated with prostate photoselective laser vaporization using a 120 W high performance system and 101 treated with holmium laser enucleation of the prostate, on whom 60-month followup data were available...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Urology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"